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Will the Call Be Disregarded? 

" Brethren, the situation is serious. Be- 
sides the shortage of missionaries there are 
other difficulties which affect the work and 
health of our missionaries; but many or all 
of these can be overcome, once the staff of 
workers is sufficiently large. Our mission- 
aries are willing to give their lives for the 
work, but is it necessary? The number re- 
quired to man the field properly is very small 
compared with the great army of capable 
and able men in the church, and yet the In- 
dia Mission has secured only half the number 
of workers asked for the past few years." 

From "The Call From the Orient," page seventeen, 
this issue. 

JANUARY, 1914 

The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for January, 1914 



Four Nameless Outcasts Become Heroes, By J. B. Emraert, 1 

Unpolished Gems, By Herman B. Heisey, 2 

Bible Teachers' Training School, By J. M. Blough, 4 

A Heart to Heart Talk, By I. S. Long, 5 

Preparing for Monsoon, By Nora J. Lichty, 7 

The Children of Our Village, By Eliza B. Miller, 8 

Some of India's Etiquette, By Anna M. Eby, 11 

An Urgent Problem, By Quincy A. Holsopple, 13 

Lack of Cooperation, By Olive Widdowson 15 

The Call from the Orient, By A. W. Ross .17 

The Andada Church, By Kathryn C. Ziegler, 19 

Our India Field Committee, By Effie V. Long, 21 

" The One Thing Needful," By Rosa B. Kaylor, 22 

Little Missionary Workers, By Ida C. Shumaker, 24 

Idols, By J. I. Kaylor, 27 

Why They Sold Their Chickens, By Sadie J. Miller, 30 

The Wrongs of Indian Children, By Alice K. Ebey, 32 

Open Letter Number Four, By Galen B. Royer, 34 

Some Happenings for Month of October, By F. H. C, 36 

The Little Missionary, By Kathren R. Holsopple 38 

The Little Maybes, By Kathren R. Holsopple, 39 

Ned's Vision: A Jingle for Boys and Girls, 41 

Our Parting Message, By Drs. A. Raymond and Laura M. Cottrell, 44 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 


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The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVI January, 1914 Number 1 


J. B. Emmert 

We do not well; this day is a day of good tidings, and we hold our peace. — 2 
Kings 7: 9. 

THIS is one of the most touching incidents in the history of the children 
of Israel. Look up the setting. Through a siege of the Syrian king 
a terrible famine was raging in Samaria. It had gone even to the 
awful stage when maternal love was overcome by hunger and a mother gave 
her own offspring to be food for starving ones. Outside the city gate sat 
four lepers. They were outcasts. Their condition was hopeless. Their 
disease made them unwelcome even in the famine-stricken city. None came 
to the city from whom to beg, and none could carry anything from the city. 
In dire despair these men decided to quit the city and take their chances 
with the unbelieving enemy. 

"And they rose up ... to go." Have you ever seen a leper? Toes and 
fingers gone; open sores over the body; the face swollen and distorted; a 
look of utter despair in the eye. See them go on their painful way. Starved 
and diseased they drag along towards the enemy's camp. It is a case of life 
or death. "If they kill us we shall but die." What a discovery they made! 
The first tent was empty. They entered cautiously and satisfied their hun- 
ger, and even became bold enough to hobble away with silver and gold and 
raiment to provide for their suffering selves for other days of painful exist- 
ence. They came back, and with their fingerless hands grasped other pre- 
cious treasure for themselves. What a wonderful day it was for them! They 
should never need to beg again. 

A third time they returned to carry away spoil and a benumbed mind 
was seized by a conviction. Three lepers stared into the face of the speaker 
as these startling words fell from his lips: "We do not well." A moment 
before they all thought they never could do better. With hands full of spoil, 
which meant years of plenty, they listened: "This is a day of good tidings, 
and we hold our peace." See them consider. To go meant personal loss. 
They had not been used to being benefactors, but rather, to getting all they 
could from others. The new and nobler impulse laid hold on them. They 
felt its thrill. The decision was made and all that treasure was put behind 
them as they hobbled back to the famishing city. If ever men wished for 
whole feet those men did. " How beautiful . . . are the feet of him that 
bringeth good tidings!" Does that apply to those leprous feet? Even those 
swollen, disfigured faces glowed with an inner joy of tidings of salvation to 
a dying people. 

I am sure you admire them. Four nameless outcasts had become heroes. 
There was no command; only the appeal of a people in need. Do you share 
their joy? Are your feet " beautiful " ? Is your face aglow with such a holy 
joy? Or do you stand with hands full of God's bounties and ears deaf to His 
ringing command, " Go ye," and heart untouched by the silent appeal of mil- 
lions unevangelized? May we, every one, be at least as faithful as they! 

The Missionary Visitor 



Herman B. Heisey 

NO one objects to a beautiful gem 
sent him, though it comes 
wrapped in brown, black or yel- 
low paper. Neither does one underval- 
ue the preciousness of the gem should 
it come in a broken pasteboard box or 
in a torn paper. It is the gem about 
which a person is concerned, and not 
its wrapper. And who would ever 
think of casting away a diamond be- 
cause it had not been polished? When 
polished it will be as beautiful as any 
other. What if a few touches do not 
beautify it? The polisher knows beau- 
ty is there, and that by continuing his 
efforts the gem will be one of which to 
be proud. 

This being true, why do not people 
reason thus in reference to a soul, the 
most precious gem ever, the glory of 
God's creation? Ah! the soul, though 
it be wrapped in brown, yellow 
or black, is every bit as valuable as 
one clothed in white skin. Neither has 
it lost its preciousness because of being 
encased in a body scarred and broken 
by years of sin. And why should any 
man deplore and oppose soul-saving 
work amongst heathen because they 
are less refined and require more ef- 
forts than some people born and cra- 
dled in the lap of Christianity? A little 
more polish and these gems will out- 
shine many in the homeland. But still, 
people continue to question, " Does 
work among the heathen pay?" 

When in America, a dentist who 
was born in Syria, the son of a mis- 
sionary who< lived and died for the M ! o- 
hammedans, asked me, " Does it pay? " 
Perhaps this question would vanish 
were people to go one step beyond and 
interrogate, " Does it pay to obey God? 
Does it pay to' obey Christ's last com- 
mand, regardless of the money, effort, 

life and length of time required? " Ah, 
yes ! God never issued a mandate but 
that the obedience to it paid, does pay 
and will pay. 

Some people become discouraged and 
think the work all in vain, because 
many who enter Christianity from hea- 
thenism prove faithless and continue to 
steal, to lie and be hypocrites, and be- 
cause some supposed trustworthy ones 
proved to be scoundrels. But be this 
as it may, work among these people is 
worth while. Though they do not 
shine brilliantly, they are gems, never- 
theless — gems that have not had all 
the polish necessary. 

We must look at the work in its en- 
tirety, and not draw our conclusions 
from one individual, or even from one 
generation. The work is an affair of 
several generations. Surely the sec- 
ond generation of these Christians is 
better than the first, and the third bet- 
ter than the second. We can not 'ex- 
pect the first several generations to re- 
semble in every respect true Christians 
in America. For ages past these gems 
have been thickly covered by gross im- 
morality, blinding ignorance and de- 
grading superstition. Then why 
should they not require a longer time 
and more polishing than converts with 
centuries of Christianity behind them? 

A few glances which I have had into 
the hearts of some of these people re- 
veal that they possess qualities capa- 
ble of being polished into glittering 
gems. One day, when we arrived at a 
certain place to* preach, a man who 
stood by said he did not want to hear 
a word about Christ, because he knew 
all about Christianity and would listen 
to no more. But our native preacher, 
revealing tact which often is lacking 
in many ministers and workers in 


The Missionary Visitor 

America, began to preach to us, of 
course with the purpose of retaining 
the man as a listener, and finally turn 
his talk to him. The tact worked beau- 
tifully, and the man, instead of walking 
away, listened throughout all, even 
when the thoughts were directed ex- 
clusively to him. 

Another peep into their possibilities 
was had several times when Sunday- 
school teachers were absent. When a 
person was asked, he or she never re- 
fused or attempted to squirm away 
from teaching, as so many do at home. 
More like these in America would solve 
many a difficulty of the superintendent 
and increase the efficiency of the Sun- 

Another splendid characteristic was 
disclosed one day while we were on 
Dur journey from: Vada to Kalyan. It 
was during monsoon,' and the rivers 
were turbulent and treacherous. We 
arrived at the bank of a river named 
Satan, and in a few moments we found 
it true to its name. There was no over- 
lead bridge, neither a ferryboat to take 
us across. One of the native workers 
with us thought we could ford it safe- 
ty, and so he started to wade across, 
leading: the tonera in which we were 

seated. But we did not go far until 
the current became so strong that the 
horses and tonga began to give way 
inch by inch. A few minutes more and 
we would have been washed down over 
the rapids. B'ut God was with us, and 
a few calls brought us about six men. 
With their concerted effort and weight 
we were enabled to get out of the river. 
The next day a man told me that the 
Christian worker, who had ventured 
that we could cross, spent part of the 
night weeping, because, as he said, it 
was his fault that we were in such a 
danger. This showed me the warmth 
of this worker's heart ; a warmth of 
feelings for others which is necessary 
in one's heart if he would love and save 

Yes, these people are gems and have 
the qualities of shining beautifully, but 
as yet they are not fully polished. Not 
enough effort has been spent upon 
them. And one requisite of polishing 
them more is an increased force of mis- 
sionaries. Many a missionary has 
more converts than he can train, and 
the result is that all suffer for want of 
more Christian culture. Thank God, 
obedience to His will and work in His 
service pays abundantly. 

Photo by S. Ira Arnold. 

Sunset on the Atlantic. 

The Missionary Visitor 


J. M. Blough 


THIS is the name of the Bible 
School established in Bulsar. In 
December of 1910 it was decided 
to establish such a school. During 
1911 the brethren and sisters responded 
liberally to the call for funds to build 
necessary dormitories. During the 
building season of 1912-13 twenty dor- 
mitories were erected, and on June 2 
of this year the school was opened. 

Fourteen men with their families 
moved into the new dormitories. In 
these families there were, at the open- 
ing of the term, nineteen children, and 
two have been born since. Eight of 
the wives were admitted into the class 
with the men and have been trying to 
do full work. A woman was hired to 
care for the children who were large 
enough to run about, yet too small to 
go to school, but the babies come along 
to class and there are now four of them. 
Cradles (I would better say swings) 
were made for them, so while they 
sleep they are huddled away in these 
in the side room, and when they cry 
the mothers are excused from class to 
care for them. Many times the moth- 
ers sit in class with them, or amuse 
them on the floor by their side. The 
fathers, too, sometimes help to man- 
age the youngsters. It makes an in- 
teresting sight, and no doubt you 
would be amused to see them. 

Of course the men that were admit- 
ted into class are not of equal strength 
nor experience. Never before have 
they been thrown together as they now 
are, and for some it was not an easy 
thing, for in the past they placed them- 
selves in different grades. In the class 
all are treated alike, and when some 

young, bright brother gets better 
marks than an older worker there is 
cause for jealousy, and there is a bit, 
too, but on the whole they have worked 
splendidly together, and the training 
along this line is good for all. 

All along they have worked earnest- 
ly. They are very careful not to waste 
their time. They know that if they fail 
they will not be allowed to return next 
year, so they do their best. Some have 
been hindered by sickness in the fami- 
ly, but on the whole their work is cred- 
itable. You may know that it is very 
hard for § the mothers. At home they 
must do the cooking and look after the 
children, and often they miss a recita- 
tion, or part of one, yet they are press- 
ing on courageously and are hoping 
to appear in the examination. We have 
a written examination at the end o: 
every month, and in these sometimes 
they make good marks. 

We begin every day's work with i 
half hour's devotion. On Monday 
morning I take charge of it, and on the 
other mornings the men take then 
turns. In this way they get practice 
They also do some personal work every 
week. Generally every Sunday after- 
noon they go into Bulsar, or some 
neighboring village, and preach the 
Gospel to some nonchristian. During 
the six months' vacation they will all 
be given definite mission work some- 
where, likely of the same sort which 
they left when they came to school 
Thus they have practical experience 
along with their study. 

The Bible is our only Textbook 
There are but a few books which are 
helpful in their work, and these are 


The Missionary Visitor 

used for reference. But we aim to see 
what the Bible itself says. At first 
some wondered how it was possible to 
spend four years on the Bible, and now 
they wonder how we will get through 
in this time. They are given outlines 
in all of their work which they copy 
in good notebooks. These wiirbe their 
foundation for individual study later 
on. The Bible is an interesting Book 
to them. They want to know it ; they 
desire to understand it. Often have 
they expressed their gratitude for this 
great privilege, and I believe, if the do- 

t e nors could see their appreciation, they 
would feel glad for what they did for 

All the hard questions that can come 
tip are brought up by them. Some are 
good thinkers; problems arise in their 
minds, and they want to know the 
truth. Then, too, Hindus and Mo- 
lammedans ask Christians very hard 
questions, and these also come up. 
Ml questions cannot be answered ; 
some things must be taken on faith. 
[t is the aim to let the Bible interpret 
tself. Sometimes there is difficulty in 
he expression of terms. It is often 
lard to find a word which expresses 
ust what you want, or one uses a word 
vhich means to the student something 

I, iifferent from what it does to the 


teacher. These are language difficul- 
ties which must be guarded. 

This year they are getting all Bible 
work, but it is hoped to give also a 
course in pedagogy and teacher-train- 
ing along with this. There will be one 
class in this next year, but we hope to 
give a better course later, and to take 
charge of this work we are hoping and 
asking for some well-equipped teacher 
from America. We are also asking for 
good Bible teachers. The committee 
has entrusted the Bible School to me, 
and until other arrangements can be 
made I will gladly do' what I can for it 
along with other duties, but I hope that 
soon the Bible School may have a 
teacher better fitted for it than I ; one 
less burdened with other labors. The 
Bible School is worthy of a strong 
man's whole time. The students are 
worthy of such a teacher. May the 
Lord raise up whom He would use 

The first year's work will close the 
last of November. Bro. Stover, Sis- 
ter Alice Ebey and Bro. Long will hold 
the examination. It will cover the 
Pentateuch, the four Gospels, the Trin- 
ity, and a general view of the whole 

Bulsar, India, Oct. 14. 



I. S. Long 



I. Our Opportunity. 

N our territory in India there are 
about a million souls for whom we 
as a church may be said to be re- 
sponsible. Of these, some three or four 
mndred thousand are, it seems to me, 
sasily accessible. That is, so far as the 
ri |nain obstacle is concerned — Brahman 
fj nd caste influence — they are compara- 
ivelv immune. As to their own weak- 

nesses and sins and disabilities there 
are many reasons why they might not 
become number one Christians in a 
lifetime, even though they embrace 
Christianity. The one point I would 
make is that a great host, several times 
more than our home membership in 
number, may be approached and taught 
with more or less success. 

How most easily and effectively to 


The Missionary Visitor 


win the ears and hearts of these thou- 
sands is the question concerning which 
missionaries differ. Some would do 
it, until the present, almost altogether 
through preaching, done for the most 
part by the foreign missionary himself. 
Others more wisely make use of a few 
village schools, believing the orphan- 
age has been a " necessary evil." Still 
others, while not at all neglecting the 
preaching of the Word, have been de- 
cidedly more educative in thought 
and have had as many village schools 
as possible, all of which lead up to 
boarding and high schools in the cen- 
tral stations. 

In view of our large opportunity 
here, which also spells " responsibil- 
ity," in view of the fact that of the " ac- 
cessibles " perhaps one hundred thou- 
sand children are open to receive what- 
ever secular or spiritual teaching we 
may see fit to give, if we will, which of 
the three methods mentioned in the 
above paragraph does it seem to you 
we should adopt? I feel sure the mis- 
sionaries will swing around to the 
proper course, if we do not already 
have it, provided the church at home 
will make possible the needed mis- 
sionaries to direct, and the needed 
funds to manage, such a propaganda. 
Here is at least a challenge in the 
form of an opportunity ! 
II. Needs. 

Of course every one knows that we 
need the intelligent prayers of the 
home church, first and last and always. 
Those who are informed on world con- 
ditions and our Lord's attitude toward 
the selfsame world will be drawn out 
sympathetically toward the more 
needy part of humanity. That is, be- 
ginning to love their lost " neighbor " 
they will begin voluntarily to give, for 
his relief, money or self or both : for 
we all seek to be Good Samaritans. 

The India Mission is very grateful 
that the Mission Board so sympathet- 
ically stands by us in our needs and 

calls for the work. At the same time 
some of us long very earnestly to see 
greater results accomplished. We 
easily could open many more village 
schools if we had the means. And at 
present, in the place of three small 
boarding schools, we easily might have 
six large ones, costing a dozen times 
more than these at present do. 

It ought to go without saying that 
the most effective workers for any sec- 
tion need to be raised from the youth 
of said section or locality; and as for 
self, I am thoroughly convinced that 
the quickest and surest way of really 
Christianizing any people is to do it 
through educating their own children 
and making workers of them. It would 
seem, then, that we ought to be granted 
more boarding schools, at the several 
stations. Expensive, you say? Yes, it 
is, truly; but not as expensive in the 
long run as a large host of foreign 
workers who try to do the work by 
their own preaching. 

Dou'btless many come East with the 
thought or hope that through their 
own efforts directly they will be able 
to win the people to Jesus. How 
many have shed bitter tears over their 
failure ! We now know from down- 
right stubborn experience that the in- 
digenous worker has many odds the 
advantage over us among his own peo- 
ple. Hence the cry of our hearts, in 
every prayer, is for teachers, teachers, 
teachers! How shall we get these 
teachers except through schools? 
III. Time. 

These are critical times in which wa 
live. The church's day for winning 
Japan passed some twenty years agoj 
what the church universal does for 
China must be done now, in this fate-, 
ful moment; and the next few years 
will tell the tale for weal or woe in In] 
dia. The masses of India are still 
asleep. At present there are three and 
a half- millions of Christians. It seems 
to not a few as if we are fast approach- 


The Missionary Visitor 

ing a glorious dawn for the India 
church, and so may reasonably hope to 
read of five or ten times more Chris- 
tians in the next several decades. God 
wills it ! If only the church knew the 
day of her visitation and opportunity! 
May our God and Father inspire both 
rich and poor to give even now of their 
means, as He has blessed them, and in- 
spire the young to dedicate themselves 
to His service in bringing the world to 
the abundant life Jesus offers freely to 

IV. Recent Committee Action. 
July 15, 1913, our India Field Com- 
mittee passed this special resolution, 
namely: "Resolved, That we express 
our urgent need for several classical 
men of special equipment on biblical 
and pedagogical lines." The word 
" special " is emphasized on purpose. 
A born farmer with several years' train- 
ing in an agricultural college ought to 
farm better than the untrained farmer. 
We need to confess with sorrow that 
our Bible Teachers' Training School at 
Bulsar, like St. Paul, was " born out of 
due time," that is, about ten years late; 
but like that great saint, too, it will yet 
prove to be of untold blessing to our 
India church. For this school, in addi- 
tion to our present Bible teacher, we 

need two teachers, one specially bibli- 
cally trained and the other specially 
pedagogically trained. 

At present we have about one hun- 
dren ordinarily educated young men 
with literate wives, all needing the very 
best obtainable biblical training and 
methods of teaching. In the next three 
decades this number will swell to five 
hundred or a thousand, let us hope. As 
our strength or its lack appears in these 
young souls, so will our success in the 
work be. What young prepared men 
at home deem these jobs unworthy 
their talent! Who dares to is blind. I 
fancy he will not find so large an op- 
portunity anywhere at home. These 
young India students, who are our hope 
for the future, need the best, the 
strongest, the most Spirit-filled teach- 
ers. Here is a real and rare oppor- 
tunity for some young " Dr. White " 
or " Dr. Montessori " ! 

In addition to the above special need, 
to carry on the present work, to fill up 
the gap of missionaries falling out of 
line .because of poor health, and to do 
a larger and a bit more aggressive 
work, we need yearly recruiting of the 
all-round missionaries. " Oh, where 
are the reapers? " Shall we not contin- 
ue to " pray the Lord of the harvest to 
send forth laborers into His harvest"? 


Nora J. Lichty 

MONSOON season is the only sea- 
son in India for which any real 
preparation is necessary. For 
eight months no rain falls and the 
weather is warm, so the people live 
without much thought about protecting 
themselves or their property from the 

With the farmer, the preparation for 
the four months of rain reallv begins 

in the early part of the hot season. 
After his previous year's crops are all 
gathered and cared for he turns his at- 
tention to other things. If he needs a 
new house he gathers the material nec- 
essary. He brings the poles and bam- 
boo in from the hills and, after native 
fashion, builds his house. He binds 
reeds or cotton stalks to the sides for 
walls. If he can afford it he puts tile 

The Missionary Visitor 


on the roof, but if he cannot have tile 
he puts on a few leaves and branches 
for shade until the palm leaves are 
ready. His good wife plasters the walls 
with " shane " (cow dung and earth mix- 
ture), and together they level off the 
earthen floor and pound it hard. On 
this, also, shane is spread. Several 
coats of shane are necessary to make a 
good floor. 

The farmer's fields, also, require his 
attention and he grubs out thorn bushes, 
digs out cotton stalks, and, where the 
ground is mellow, he cultivates. All 
this work is being done when the ther- 
mometer is ranging from 100 to 106 
every day. As the time for the rain 
draws nigh, he looks over all his farm 
implements, repairs those which need it 
and buys new ones if necessary. A few 
weeks before the rains the palm leaves 
are cut and pressed, and as soon as the 
first showers fall to. dampen them they 
are tied to the roof. All the rubbish 
about the place is gathered and burned, 
earth filled up around the house, so 
water will not run in, tile relaid, and 
manure spread in the fields, i. e., if 

the farmer believes in utilizing ma- 
nure. Many of the natives do not use it. 

All people gather firewood and many 
lay in a supply of foodstuffs. The vil- 
lage school-teachers usually do this, for 
during monsoon it is not an easy matter 
to get supplies from town, when the 
streams are swollen. Gur missionaries, 
who live far away from the railway, 
must always take these precautions in 
regard to provisions. 

We all look forward very anxiously 
to the coming of the rain every year. 
Heavy clouds, lightning and thunder 
gladden our hearts. But when the mid- 
dle of June comes and we have not had 
these manifestations, we have some mis- 
givings and wonder what is in store for 
us. We have the assurance that the 
Lord sends us what is good for us, and 
so we trust Him. There are many in 
this dark land who do not know Him, 
and attribute all these things to fate. 

We hope and pray that they may 
learn to serve Him Who sends the rain 
and sunshine and gives them all they 

Umalla Village, via Anklesvar, India. 


Eliza B. Miller 

OUR village, like most of the vil- 
lages throughout Raj Pipla and 
all India, is blessed with chil- 
dren. Unfortunate is considered the 
India home that does not have children, 
and especially sons. According to the 
ancient code the highest blessing pro- 
nounced upon any woman is, " Mayest 
thou have seven sons and may thy hus- 
band survive thee." 

In the forty-four houses of this vil- 
lage there are ninety-eight children — 
fifty-six nonchristian and forty-two 
Christian. In the nonchristian com- 

munity there are thirty-two boys and 
twenty-four girls; in the Christian 
community, twenty-five boys and sev- 
enteen girls. In both communities the 
boys outnumber the girls. According 
to India thinking this is just right, for 
boys are welcomed before girls. How- 
ever, I am glad to say that in many 
cases this idea does not exist. 

Of these ninety-eight children, for- 
ty-five are enrolled in our village 
school. In this school Christian, Parsi, 
and Bhil children sit peaceably togeth- 
er and learn their lessons. Our vil- 


The Missionary Visitor 

A Yard "Where the Children of Pour Families Play. 

lage has one Parsi family and one Mo- 
hammedan family, besides the Chris- 
tian and Bhil families. The Parsi is a 
farmer and the Mohammedan is a 
shopkeeper. All the other families 
save a few servants are farmers. 

No girls from the nonchristian com- 
munity, except the Parsi girls, attend 
school. The Bhil nonchristians do not 
believe in educating the girls. They 
think it unfits them for work and makes 
them demon-possessed. Sweeping, 
carrying water from the well or creek, 
herding cattle, grinding and working 
in the fields — this is the only life they 

think necessary for the women and 

All the girls of school age in the 
Christian community are in school. 
The large majority of the girls are yet 
under school age. There are twenty 
children in fifteen Christian homes 
under school age. These will in time 
help to swell the number of school- 

Many of the children are very shy, 
but the " wonderful sack," containing 
raisins, candies, crackers and other 
goodies, soon helps to drive away all 
fear and backwardness. Some of the 



The Missionary Visitor 


Poor Little Peter! He Did Not Want to Be 
Dressed to Have His Picture Taken. 

children daily visit us in our rooms, 
and, like all children, they are always 
glad for a piece of cake or bread or a 
bit of sweets to take home. Two little 
boys, one from the nonchristian com- 
munity and one from the Christian 
community, are daily visitors at the 
bungalow. They are always interested 
in what is going on, and do not fail to 
ask questions about what they see and 
think. Jivi is a little Christian girl, 
whom I call my little policeman. She 
has come to stay with me many a 
night when I have been alone the past 
months. She also runs many errands 
and helps water the plants and plant 
seeds in the garden. The other day she 
brought me a chicken, "for," she said 
to her mother, " the Miss Sahib often 
gives me something, so why should I 
not give her something? " Philip is the 
son of our laundryman. He is just a 
little over a year old, but a very bright, 
active child. He was born with club- 
feet, and has not gone to Bombay for 
braces so that the little crooked feet 

may grow straight. If this little boy 
were in a nonchristian home he would 
likely be called " khoda," which means 
cripple ; but he is in a Christian home, 
so every mention of his name is not 
a reminder of his feet. In this country 
people with deformities or blemishes 
are called by them. If one is blind he 
is " andlo " ; if he is deaf he is " baro " ; 
if he is blind in one eye he is " karno," 
each name indicating his physical de- 

The village children have happy 
times at play and at work. They drive 
the cattle to and from the herd, tie 
them and loose them evening and 
morning, and carry grain and hay to 
them when they are in the stall. Catch- 
ing the chickens and penning them up 
at night, feeding the little chickens and 
watching so that the hawks and crows 
do not get them, is also the work of the 
children. Caring for little brothers and 
sisters while mother goes to the fields 
or draws water, or goes to the shop, 
is the work of the older brothers and 
sisters. Many a happy time do the lit- 
tle folks have riding on the hip of an 
older brother or sister. 

The children do 
not have many 
toys, except those 
they invent for 
themselves. They 
are very happy in 
using the long 
stem of the palm 
leaf for a wagon. 
Little brother or 
sister or friend is 
set on the broad 
end of the stem, 
and away they go, 
with just as much 
joy as the tot in 
America who has 
a fine " express 
wagon," or per- 
haps a miniature 

i-i -\ r 1 Carrying - little 

automobile. Mak- Brother. 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing fireplaces out of mud, moulding lit- 
tle mills out of mud and running dust 
through for flour, makes many a happy 
hour's play for the little girls, while 
their brothers hitch each other up to 
play ox, like boys at home play horse. 
Why should they not play ox, for all 
the work in fields and hauling is done 
with oxen? 

The children are the first ones pres- 
ent after the bell rings for Sunday- 
school on Sunday morning. They 
come marching in and take their places 
at the very front, and what a long row 
they make ! It reaches almost from 
one side of the church to the other. 

While the larger ones of the primary 
and cradle roll department keep their 
places in the front, a host of smaller 
ones, yet confined to the mother's lap, 
carry on their baby talk. Soon they, 
too, will be forward to swell the ranks 
of the little army. 

This rising generation is the great 
hope of the future. These who, from 
childhood, are learning of the love and 
knowledge of the Savior, are receiving 
something that can not be taken away 
from them in the years to come. God 
bless the children of Vali and all the 
villages throughout this land ! 


Anna M. Eby 

THERE is a marked contrast be- 
tween the social life of the East 
and that of the West. The man- 
ners and customs of the East are 
looked upon with curiosity by the late 
arrival from the West. 

While the Westerner may prefer his 
own accustomed way of showing re- 
spect to his fellow-men, he must ac- 
knowledge that his Eastern brother 
surpasses him in generous hospitality 
and courtesy. 

Our Indian friends delight in bestow- 
ing upon us their highest respect when 
we enter their homes. Recently, while 
we were visiting one of our Christian 
schools, one of the patrons of that 
school entered and laid at our feet two 
large cucumbers and some roses. 

Some of India's etiquette appears 
very formal and even ridiculous at 
times, but it is their custom. And 
" custom," as a Hindu expresses it, 
" is an authority. Custom is our re- 
ligion." In no other country, perhaps, 
is custom so omnipotent as in India. 
When we ask our friends the signifi- 

cance of this or that act we invariably 
receive the answer, " Our custom." 

Family visiting among the nonchris- 
tians is not known, for it would be a 
disgrace for husband and wife to be 
seen out together. Husband and wife 
do their visiting at a time, usually, un- 
known to each other. 

The guest, on arriving at the home of 
his friend, calls the name of the mem- 
ber of the family with whom a visit 
is desired. The host or hostess-to-be 
comes to the door, and, after saluta- 
tions, the guest is admitted into the 
house. Women, however, upon meet- 
ing make no salutations. Men salute 
each other by a motion of the hand to 
the forehead. This salutation is first 
made by the guest and then returned 
by the host. Upon entering the house 
the visitor is told to " sit," providing 
he is the same age or younger than 
his host. If elder, he is given a seat, 
which may be a chair, bench, stool, 
or simply a rug, according as the fur- 
niture of the house may be. No one 
should ever sit on the same bench 


The Missionary Visitor 


or rug - with a superior. One day we 
visited the government school, which 
is located near us. Our language 
master escorted us to the school. The 
head master of the school seated us by 
giving us chairs, but our escort, who 
formerly had been a pupil of this mas- 
ter, refused to sit on a chair, and a 
stool was brought for him. He thus 
was able to show greater respect for 
his former teacher. 

The entertainment of guests varies 
according to sex. The general respect 
shown to man is the offer of cigarettes 
for smoking. To woman, a red pow- 
der is given for dusting upon her fore- 
head, unless she is a widow, when this 
general courtesy is omitted. After the 
cigarettes or powder has been given, 
the betel nut is served, and later a cer- 
tain kind of leaves for eating. The lat- 
ter, known as " pan," is prepared by 
making a paste of white lime, spread- 
ing over the leaf and then dusting upon 
it powdered betel nut. The leaf is 
then artistically folded up and handed 
to the guest. 

If greater respect than the above is 
to be shown tea is offered. This is 
what Europeans usually receive. Cig- 
arettes or the red powder is never 
given us. 

It is interesting to note the attitude 
of husband and wife to each other. The 
wife will not sit when her husband is 
standing. If he enters the room when 
she is sitting she arises and remains 
standing until he is seated. Then she 
may sit, but not near him, and usually 
with her back turned toward him. 
Husband and wife will never use each 
other's name in speaking to one an- 
other, nor in speaking about each oth- 
er to any one. There is a bit of super- 
stition held by some on this point. A 
woman was once asked why she could 
not speak her husband's name. She 
said if she did his head would not burn- 
when his body was cremated. 

At the time of the guest's departure 

he announces his going by saying " I 
come." Members of the family say 
" Come,':! which is an honorable per- 
mission for him to depart. The host 
then accompanies his guest a part of 
the way, sometimes all the way, to his 

An interesting as well as touching 
farewell was witnessed one morning 
from our veranda. A young girl was 
leaving her happy parental home for 
a home with her husband and parents- 
in-law. Her mother-in-law had come 
to meet her and direct her to her new 
home. The little wife's parents, broth- 
ers and sisters had gone with her thus 
far on her journey, and there, on the 
road, in front of our bungalow, good- 
byes were said. She fell at the feet of 
her parents and then, arising, she af- 
fectionately kissed them, and her 
brothers and sisters, in order, accord- 
ing to their ages. After her farewell 
salutations they each, in turn, gave her 
the farewell kiss. But that was not 
enough. The father, carrying the in- 
fant brother in his arms, accompanied 
his daughter still farther. 

Several months ago a sister worker 
left the mission station for her home in 
America. A few days before her de- 
parture my teacher asked if I expected 
to accompany her to Bombay. I re- 
plied that I could not definitely an- 
swer, for the rains had come early and 
were heavy and I might have difficulty 
in returning. He looked surprised and 
said, " But why should you not go with 
her? She is your friend. She will be 
absent from you a long time and is go- 
ing a great distance. You certainly 
ought to go with her to Bombay." And 
I went. 

Sometimes, however, what is con- 
sidered courtesy by the Hindu appears 
to us to be the height of discourtesy. 
One evening when we were out for a 
walk we met our Brahman neighbor, 
who is a friend of ours and often calls 
to see us. He was in company with 


The Missionary Visitor 


others of his caste, who were strangers 
to us. He passed by us without giving 
his usual "salaam," or even a glance 
of the eye. We could not understand 
our friend's haughty attitude. Upon 
inquiry we learned that he thus con- 
ducted himself out of respect for both, 
his friends and us, who were unac- 
quainted with each other. 

Some of the high-caste Hindus who 
are educated in English make a fail- 
ure of their etiquette by trying to ob- 
serve the rules of Western etiquette 
and at the same time remain true to 
the customs of their country. For ex- 
ample, the Hindu upon entering the 
house removes his shoes and keeps his 
hat on his head, which is directly oppo- 
site to the European's custom. Our 
nearest neighbor, who is a high-caste 
Brahman and a doctor by profession, 
frequently visits us evenings. He per- 
sistently wore his shoes into the house, 
and his hat also, until one evening, in 
a conversation on the subject of eti- 
quette, we spoke of the blunder many 
people make in trying to observe many 

customs of both East and West and 
thus violate the etiquette of both. The 
doctor took the hint and said, " Here- 
after when I come I shall remove my 
shoes." The next time he called his 
shoes were left on the veranda, and he 
has been faithful to his country's cus- 
tom since that evening. 

It is gratifying to the missionary to 
note that many of the customs which 
have their origin in heathen supersti- 
tion are not observed by our native 
Christians. They are courteous and a 
respect-loving people. Most of the 
customs above described are observed 
by them. But the contrast between the 
family relations of Christians and non- 
christians is very marked. Husband, 
wife, and children enjoy family com- 
panionship ; all dine at the same time, 
and call each other by name. The 
Christian families enjoy visiting with 
each other, going to church together, 
and all with one accord uniting in 
praise and adoration to the Father. 

Vada, Thana District, India. 


Quincy A. Holsopple 

LET us notice briefly the problem 
of the education of the people 
among whom we are doing mis- 
sion work. I do not wish to imply 
that the mission alone is making an 
effort to educate these people, for the 
government has a system of education. 
Yearly more and more pupils receive 
the opportunity of getting an educa- 
tion. Nevertheless, there is and will 
be for years a distinct field for mission 
schools, and it is to set forth a vision 
of this field that this paper is prepared. 
The population of India is about 315,- 
000,000. It is considered that fifteen 
per cent of the population is of the 

school-going age ; hence there should 
be about 47,250,000 pupils in the 
schools of various kinds. As a matter 
of fact there are but 5,400,000 ; that is, 
less than twelve per cent of those of 
school-going age are in school. These 
figures are for the whole of India, but 
it is quite certain that the condition 
in our territory is not better, if as 
good. Thus the majority of children 
do not get any school training. 

One can readily understand what 
such ignorance means to the home life. 
Moreover, experience teaches that 
evangelization without education does 
not make a permanent structure. In 


The Missionary Visitor 


other words, the two must go hand in 
hand. The need of education becomes 
still more apparent when we consider 
that of the five and one-half million 
pupils in school, there are only 645,000 
girls, and the elevation, if indeed we 
may not say the evangelization, of In- 
dia depends in great measure on the 
liberation of girls and women from the 
bonds of ignorance. 

In view of these facts let us see what 
the mission should do towards solv- 
ing the problem. To my mind it does 
not overemphasize the importance of 
education to say that there should be 
a school in each village where we have 
evangelistic work. There might even 
be cases in which the school should 
precede the distinctively evangelistic 
work. This does not mean that there 
must be twice as many workers, for in 
some cases the wife is able to conduct 
a school ; and there are few village 
workers, who, under proper guidance, 
could not devote several hours daily to 
school work. In these village schools 
the work should be carried to the com- 
pletion of the second standard (second 
year). In some cases pupils might be 
provided for the third or even the 
fourth standard. Then there should be 
central boarding schools at several of 
our stations — perhaps four. At these 
centralized schools work should be pro- 
vided to the completion of the sixth 
standard. At each of these central 
schools there should be systematic 
industrial instruction, the purpose of 
such instruction being primarily the 
better development of the pupil, and 
secondarily, the partial support of the 
school. These schools, as well as the 
village school, would differ from the 
government school, in that there would 
be the Christian spirit as well as sub- 
ject matter. 

To some it may seem unnecessary to 
have so many centralized schools. On 
the one hand, the advanced instruction 
can not be given in the village school, 

and on the other hand, it is important 
to guard against taking the pupil too 
far from his home community. He 
should go there frequently ; otherwise 
he may lose his desire to live there up- 
on leaving the school. Even if he 
should return, after a prolonged ab- 
sence, his people might lose confidence 
in him. A second fact to keep in mind 
is that coeducation is not workable in 
India, so it is necessary to have in- 
struction for girls in separate classes. 

Some pupils will likely be able to 
complete the sixth standard and be 
worthy of proceeding further. For 
such provision should be made in the 
Bible school, teacher-training school, 
high school, industrial school, as may 
be considered best for the pupil. The 
first of these schools has been estab- 
lished, and it is hoped that the second 
may be realized soon, or at least as a 
department in the Bible school. The 
high school may come later when there 
is more demand. The few who should 
have advanced industrial training can 
be provided for in some of the estab- 
lished mission or government indus- 
trial schools. 

This brings us to a consideration of 
the teacher-training school, or depart- 
ment of pedagogy, which might be es- 
tablished in connection with the Bible 
school. The need for this is evident 
when we recall what was said about 
the need for village schools. The dis- 
ciples were instructed to teach as well 
as preach. This is certainly applica- 
ble among the untaught people of In- 
dia. But how shall our teachers teach 
if they know nothing of the aims or 
methods of that art? Hence the need 
of training our workers in this subject. 
And to do so demands the provision 
of systematic instruction in the science 
and art of pedagogy. May not this be 
realized soon in order that those now in 
the Bible school may have the advan- 
tage of such training? 

Now I wish to say something which 


The Missionary Visitor 


I hope will go on until it finds its an- 
swer in some consecrated life. We need 
an educational missionary. By this 
I mean a man who has vision — vision 
to see the possibilities of this people 
when given an adequate opportunity 
to get a Christian education ; vision to 
use and transform and systematize the 
forces now at work. Such a mission- 
ary should have a thorough knowledge 
of pedagogy as it is developed and 
practiced in the West, and have the 
sense and ability to adapt it to the 

needs of the East. Such a missionary 
should have the tact of a successful 
teacher, and the advantage of several 
years of experience in teaching. He 
should ever have the mind of a pupil. 
He should have executive ability, that 
he may be able to organize the schools 
and keep them at a normal state of 
efficiency. Here is an opportunity for 
some one to give his life in a way that 
will do much towards establishing the 
Master's work. 
Bulsar, India. 


Olive Widdowson 

A YEAR is too short a time in 
which to be able to know a class 
of people well. One can become 
acquainted with only their most striking 
characteristics. Perhaps I am writing 
about an apparent condition which an 
American is likely to notice first. How- 
ever, it does seem to me that the people 
surrounding us in India waste much en- 
ergy and time because of lack of co- 

Each son follows the occupation of 
his father, and if he desires to retain 
his reputation in the community he dare 
not engage in any other. It makes little 
difference how long he must wait for 
the necessary work being done before 
he can do his kind of work ; he waits. 
Sometimes this line of demarcation is 
a little dim. For instance, one of our 
number had a pair of shoes with high 
wooden heels. They were sent to the 
shoemaker to be cut down. He re- 
turned them, saying, " Send them to the 

It is difficult for a man, as he becomes 
more skillful and experienced, to go 
from from a less to a more skillful trade. 

He does not have the chance of taking 
an apprenticeship and learning a dif- 
ferent trade. You ask one man to do 
certain work. He says it is another 
man's work, and so from one to another 
the command is given, and finally, when 
you think the work will not be done, 
some one begins to do it. The night be- 
fore Bro. Pittenger's started to Bombay 
for their sailing, several trees were 
blown down by a storm. The officer was 
notified to clear the road. He came 
several days afterward with his men, our 
own men from the compound having 
made the road passable. 

A short time ago much thieving was 
going on in Jalalpor. Each night a po- 
liceman, yelling loud enough to warn the 
thief of his approach, patrolled the road. 
It is said that one night a silver idol was 
taken from the temple, and that it turned 
to stone in the hands of the thief. How 
they knew that, and as yet have not 
found the thief, is more than I can un- 
derstand. But the police force did not 
seem to work together, as if trying to 
capture the thief or thieves. They took 
one man in charge, but it was not be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


cause they had any evidence of his 
stealing- at this time, hut because, in a 
place where he had formerly lived, they 
found the record of his having been in 

In many of the schools, too, the teach- 
er and pupils are not working together. 
It is a process of telling rather than 
teaching; a pouring-in process, as we 
say; and, indeed, sometimes the teach- 
er does not seem to be pouring very 
much into the mind. This is very evi- 
dent with many of our language teach- 
ers; just so they are doing what may 
pass for teaching, no matter whether 
they are working with the pupil or not, 
and really training him that he may be 
able to do that for which he is receiving 
training. In a technical school in Nav- 
sari, last term, all the pupils in one 
class failed in examination. Of course 
this is showing up the teacher in a 
bad light, and he is more careful and 
thorough this term. There is one very 
exemplary characteristic of most of the 
pupils I have had a chance to observe, 
and that is their respect for their teach- 
ers. One of the boys, who failed in 
this class, said, " It is our fault. The 
boys are idle. Our teacher is all 
right." The head master in the Jalal- 
por school seems very tactful and 
takes much interest and pride in doing 
good work. He appeared glad to have 
us come, and continued his work as if 
no one were around. He aroused much 
interest in the lesson he was teaching. 
When showing us the primary class, 
their teacher was unable to get a re- 
sponse from the children. The master 
took them in charge and they answered 

The English Government is giving 
the people an invaluable training. She 
is teaching them how to work together 
to advantage and to be responsible for 
finishing work in a reasonable time. 
Wherever the teachers being trained 
come in touch with English or Amer- 

ican instructors, they are making bet- 
ter teachers. 

In religious matters, as well as in 
trades and educational affairs, there is 
no real helping of each other. Of 
course the Brahmans, the only per- 
sons supposed to be fit to do religious 
teaching, are supported by the other 
classes. Yet, they do not think the 
lower castes should be given religious 
training. They have many good pre- 
cepts in their religious books, some of 
them similar in content to our ten com- 
mandments. My teacher says, " We 
can not teach the lower classes and as- 
sociate with them, or we will become 
like them." That is one reason he 
gives for the caste system. He said to 
me one day, " We who* are learned do 
not believe in idols. We worship a su- 
preme god, as you do." I asked him, 
" What has your god done, and what is 
he doing for you since creating you 
and the world?" He said, "Nothing. 
We help ourselves by being pure, hav- 
ing pure hearts and perfect actions, and 
we worship this all-powerful god." 

Sir Monier Williams, in his work on 
Hinduism, says, " The summum bo- 
num of Brahmanism is absorption into 
the only real existing being, Brahm, 
who is pure life," but, the author com- 
ments, " with nothing to live for ; pure 
thought, with nothing to think about; 
pure joy, with nothing to rejoice 

I told my teacher that the God we 
worship, if we obey Him, gives us 
strength to* serve Him by going to 
those deepest in sin and helping them 
to know God and also' to receive this 
strength. It seems impossible for a 
nation to advance by keeping the ma- 
jority of its people in ignorance, wor- 
shiping dumb idols this way. He an- 
swered, " This is the great fault of the 
Brahmans. They are trying to keep 
all the rest down serving them and ig- 
norant. Only with the coming of the 
Christians has our country begun to 


The Missionary Visitor 


advance and the lower classes to re- 
ceive help." 

So they are recognizing the effects 
of Christianity and they see how the 
Christian people are helping their peo- 
ple. But in every way Christian teach- 
ing and practice differ so much from 
theirs that it takes faith, more than 
many have as yet, to accept, even 
though they see results. The tyranny 
of custom and the extent to which the 
Brahmans have bound round them fet- 
ters of fear and superstition are appall- 

ing. Let us hope that in the near fu- 
ture, by the cooperation of the Chris- 
tian people, these fetters may be bro- 
ken and that by learning and accepting 
the teaching of Him in Whom love, 
kindness and benevolence are perfect, 
India's people may become like Him. 
Words can not express the difference 
between one of India's people, who has 
come out into freedom and strength in 
Christ, and one who is yet in bondage 
to the terrible caste customs. 


A. W. Ross 

NEARLY every letter from India 
tells us of the expanding, devel- 
oping work there, and of the 
great need of additional missionaries. 
Bro. Blough writes : 

" Oh, we are so hard pressed ! Make 
your plea for men, and make it strong. 
Only five of us men doing full work 
now, and two of these still without long 
experience. We hope for better days 
soon. It seems to me that this has been 
our hardest year. I am run too hard 
to write much." 

That cry from the front does not tell 
all. Several are so overworked, and 
consequently weakened, that the doctors 
advise them to return to the homeland; 
but present needs are so pressing that 
they can not leave. 

Brethren, the situation is serious. Be- 
sides the shortage of missionaries there 
are other difficulties which affect the 
work and the health of our missionaries, 
but many or all of these can be over- 
come once the staff of workers is suf- 
ficiently large. Our missionaries are 
willing to give their lives for the work, 
but is it necessary? The number re- 

quired to man the field properly is very 
small compared with the great army of 
capable and able men in the church, and 
yet the India Mission has secured only 
half the number of workers asked for 
the past few years. 

This has necessitated a number stay- 
ing overtime, with evil results in some 
cases, and others doing two to three 
men's work and breaking down under 
the load. How long can we continue 
thus and the work and workers not be 
crippled ? 

Just now there are movements to- 
wards Christianity in several of our 
station districts, which require vigilance 
and steady movement forward. To 
play with the situation now will tend to 
spiritual stagnation and retrogression. 

In other stations conditions have de- 
veloped within, which, together with 
pressure from without, make it impera- 
tive that we arouse to increased activity, 
or a part of our splendid field will be 
lost to us. 

Brethren, relief lies with the church. 
We are your agents and can do as you 


The Missionary Visitor 


lend us your support in prayer, men and 

Another thought : The best is none too 
good. Let none think they would be 
burying their talents by offering for In- 
dia or China. Remember, that in India 
there are students who in competitive 
classes outdistance the Anglo-Saxon 
lads. These you will have to meet. 
More than that, missionaries are of ne- 
cessity organizers and leaders in large 
communities, and the developments of 
the work demand men of large vision, of 
keen mental capacity, and the ability to 
reach, lead and direct men and com- 

munities. Some of the hardest and 
most far-reaching problems to be met 
by our church will arise in our foreign 
mission work. 

The great Orient, with more than 
half the population of the globe, opening 
and developing with leaps and bounds 
unsurpassed in former days, gives to the 
vigorous, well-qualified youth enlarged 
opportunities hard to find in our over- 
crowded professional ranks in the home- 

Are you waiting for God's call ? Hear 
His call from the great Orient. 

The S. S. Berlin, at Anchor at Algiers. 

This Good Ship Carried Our New Workers to India, 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Audada Congregation. 


Kathryn C. Ziegler 

SEPTEMBER 14, 1913, Brethren 
Holsopple, Long, Sister Himmels- 
baugh and most of our Christians 
here went to attend the dedication of the 
new church, two miles from here. The 
services opened about 5 P. M. Two of 
our deacons led the devotional services. 
The scripture read before prayer is 
found in 1 Kings 8 : 1-22. Bro. Long de- 
livered the sermon. He based his re- 
marks on the first part of Matt. 16 : 18. 
Many good things were said and we 
pray that every attendant, Christian 
and nonchristian, may have been bene- 

When the services were over food was 
provided for all in the usual native man- 
ner. All were seated on the floor, and 
with few exceptions the food was served 
on plates made of leaves. Plates of this 
kind are very often used on feast oc- 
casions. They are very cheap and after 
the meal is over they are thrown away, 
so there is no dishwashing. The meal 
consisted of boiled rice, meat and pota- 
toes, boiled together. About seventy 
partook of the meal. 

As soon as some had finished eating 
they gathered in the church again arid 
began to sing. Songs were interspersed 
with talking, and continued till after 
midnight. Nearly all our Christians 
from here stayed all night, but those of 
us who had gone out in the cart had to 
come home earlier than expected on ac- 
count of the rain. If it rains much these 
jungle roads soon become impassable. 

This is the second village church in 
the Anklesvar District. It is beautifully 
located on a hill between the villages 
of Andada and Gerkole. The Chris- 
tians from both villages are near enough 
to attend church at this place. In And- 
ada are twenty-eight Christians and in 
Gerkole thirteen. 

In connection with the church are 
comfortable living quarters for the 
teacher who has charge of the work. 
The home and church look so comfort- 
able that you feel like staying there. 
If you could see the place you might 
wonder why we are so pleased with it. 
Were you here and could see where 
many of our teachers live and where our 


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A Hindu Temple at Audada. 

village Christians worship, you would 
not wonder. 

We must not forget to say how much 
this building cost. The entire outlay 
for material and labor was two hundred 
and fifty dollars. Bro. Holsopple, who 
had charge of this station since in the 
spring, and who has been in India not 
quite two years, had the supervision of 
the building. 

While our little band of Christians 

meets in devotion to a kind Father, 
Whose ears are open to the prayers of 
His children, another band goes to offer 
prayers and sacrifices to a god in a little 
temple on a hill opposite the Christian 
church. For these our hearts yearn, 
and we pray for the wisdom we need 
to know how to bring them into the 
light of God's love. Cease not to pray 
with us, that this may be accomplished. 
Ankleshwer, Oct. 14. 

Andada Church. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Effie V. Long 

ALL organizations must have 
some legislative and executive 
body, and our India mission is 
no exception to this. We have a com- 
mittee of five missionaries, chosen by 
the missionaries themselves, each serv- 
ing five years. They meet quarterly to 
discuss problems and make .plans and 
decisions for more effective work. 

Under this committee a number of 
permanent subcommittees of three 
members each are appointed for spe- 
cial work. For instance, we have an 
educational committee, to whom all 
questions regarding schools and the 
education of our children are referred. 
Then we have a building committee, 
whose business is to plan and see to 
the erection of the bungalows of the 
missionaries ; also the permanent 
houses for the India teachers and help- 
ers, and schoolhouses, churches, etc. 
The locating committee suggests the 
locating of new missionaries and the 
relocating of those returning from fur- 
lough, and also suggests location and 
transfers for our India staff of helpers 
— teachers, preachers, booksellers, etc. 
And recently we have a women's com- 
mittee, to whom is referred all ques- 
tions connected with women's work. 

As a rule the reports of these com- 
mittees are accepted, for a printed pro- 
gram of the business is sent out to each 
missionary previously, and so each one 
may know what subjects will be his 
to handle, and he investigates and pre- 
pares himself accordingly. When the 
subcommittees meet the work can be 
soon made ready for the general 

All missionaries are welcome at these 
meetings, and it is the custom for as 
many as can, to attend. All take part 

in the discussions and make motions, 
etc., but the voting power is with the 
general committee. 

The meetings last one or two days, 
depending on the amount of business. 
The housekeeper is kept quite busy in 
entertaining such a meeting, making 
arrangements for food, beds, etc., but 
as each one in India takes his own bed 
along when traveling, that simplifies 

The sessions are long. They usually 
sit from 8 A. M. to 12, from 2 to 5 P. 
M., then from 7 to 10 P. M., or, as has 
often been the case, till midnight. Such 
sessions, together with the work, are 
hard, especially in a warm climate. 

As we think of this, it does not seem 
strange that our little girl, on attend- 
ing a committee meeting, said she did 
not want to go back to where the peo- 
ple sat around and looked at each oth- 
er so long and didn't do anything. 
Like unto that was one of our mis- 
sionaries, however, when home on fur- 
lough and being a member of Standing 
Committee. He wrote that he never 
got so tired sitting in his life, and he 
really thought it ought to be called 
" Sitting Committee." 

The items for discussion are varied, 
but almost all pertain to India work 
and workers. For instance, these are 
some of the questions at the recent 
meeting, coming from the different sta- 
tions: 1. "Would it be wise to have a 
committee on requirements for candi- 
dates for baptism?" 2. "Shall we ap- 
point another representative to the 
Mission Council?" 3. "Shall we con- 
tinue the wage of Daniel and wife dur- 
ing her sickness last March and April ? " 

The meetings are quite informal and 
questions are freely discussed by all. 


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Sometimes no one seems to know what 
to say, and so there is " Quaker meet- 
ing- " for awhile. Occasionally, a joke 
is thrown in and all have a hearty 
laugh. Most all wear house slippers. 
When it is very hot there is an inclina- 
tion to slip the feet out of them, and 
the feet have even been seen drawn up 
on a chair on which the owner is sit- 
ting, native style. We excuse our- 
selves by saying, " It is so hot ! " About 
9 P. M. you will likely see some yawn- 
ing, and one committeeman will lounge 
on a couch or two chairs, and by 10 
o'clock the work of the committee is 
left to four members. As you would 
suppose, rockers are always in demand, 
and lapboards, too, when procurable, 
and, for some whom nature has not 
liberally endowed with surplus inches, 
a stool for the feet is also a requisite. 

When Eld. D. L. Miller was here he 
thought the worjk moved too slowly, 
and made an effort to expedite matters 
and pass off business as the Board does 
at home. It did help quite a bit for a 
time, but finally the old, slow, Indian 
way prevailed, and had Bro. Miller re- 
mained longer he might have become 
an Indian with the rest of us. 

These meetings mean much to the 
missionaries in a social way, as it is 

the only time many of them get to- 
gether. And those living in the jungle, 
especially, appreciate this fellowship, 
since often they get out only once or 
twice a year, and seldom see a white 
face except at these times. Bro. Kay- 
lor made a long journey on horseback, 
and then eighty miles by rail to attend 
the last meeting. Meantime Sister 
Kaylor had to remain at home for a 
week. Two sisters made a thirty-mile 
ride by tonga from Vada, and then had 
six hours by rail. But all think it 
worth while, or they would not come. 
The first evening is devoted to the 
social and devotional, with no busi- 
ness session. These times of worship 
together are helpful and strengthening, 
and stand in our stead when we are ab- 
sent, one from the other. The social 
side is what we miss here in India, too, 
and one may become sober and re- 
served and selfish, perhaps. So our 
missionaries must take the place of our 
own brothers and sisters, and thus 
make up what we lack in home ties 
and in society. The meeting is soon 
over and all are on their way again to 
take up their daily duties, but these 
times make little oases in our lives, 
for which we praise the Lord. 


Rosa B. Kaylor 

DOWN deep in each human heart 
was placed by the Divine Cre- 
ator a longing desire for some- 
thing to satisfy and refresh the soul. 
From the man of highest civilization, 
surrounded with every luxury, to the 
benighted souls who sit in greatest 
darkness, destitute of any of the com- 
forts of life, you find this same cry for 
peace and rest. The former may be 
too much absorbed in earthly pursuits 

and too proud to acknowledge it ; 
while they may never have heard of 
the One Thing Needful. They may 
have felt the need and sought after it 
in vain. But each will attempt to sat- 
isfy the longing, to quiet the cry, in a 
way suited to his condition. God has 
made the ample provision, but as it is 
not in harmony with the natural heart 
of man, he seeks for it elsewhere, only 
to find that it will burst like a bubble 


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at the most needful time. The mother 
of Hume, the infidel philosopher, once 
wrote to him : " My health has failed ; 
I cannot live long. Your philosophy 
affords me no comfort in my distress. 
I am left without hope or consolation, 
and my mind is sinking into a state of 
despair. Hasten home to console me, 
or, at least, write to me the consola- 
tions that philosophy affords at the dy- 
ing hour." Having led her away from 
the Christianity she once professed, 
what could he give her now? 

" By one man sin came into the 
world, and death by sin," and so any 
scheme to rid oneself from the conse- 
quences of sin, without taking into ac- 
count sin itself, is futile. The only plan 
ever successful in removing sin was 
the plan- that God made before the 
foundation of the world — the work of 
Christ on the cross. And although it 
does not meet the approbation of the 
advanced theologians and the learned 
( ?) of the day, they have furnished no 
substitute. The latter hope by learn- 
ing, money, society, etc., that they may 
be lifted high above the needs of the 
ordinary believer, and tread an easy 
way ; while God's way leads through 
poverty, alone, scorned, stricken, yes, 
through blood, " for without the shed- 
ding of blood there is no remission of 
sin." It is wonderful how freely such 
a costly Gift is given, and yet more 
wonderful that so few are willing to 
accept Him as a Gift. 

But what about those who have 
never heard of this Gift? They, too, 
hear the cry within them, and, just like 
the more civilized, try in their own 
strength to satisfy that longing by the 
works of their own hands. Yet, when 
an awakening comes to these poor 
souls, they realize that they have not 
yet found the One Thing Needful to 
bring peace and joy. A Hindu, having 
had his conscience awakened, asked of 
various Brahmans how he might make 
an atonement to God for his sins. All 

agreed that it must be by torturing his 
body that his guilt was to be expiated. 
They recommended that he drive a 
number of nails through his shoes, and 
with his naked feet on these points, he 
should walk to a certain sacred place ; 
if through weakness, and loss of blood, 
he could go no farther, he was to be 
permitted to rest for healing and 
strength, and then renew his journey. 
The poor Hindu, being in earnest to 
save his soul, and with hope of cleans- 
ing, did as recommended. At length 
he had to stop under a tree to rest. 
Under this same tree a missionary came 
daily to tell the Words of Life, show- 
ing sin, and what it means in the sight 
of God, and the utter helplessness of 
man to save himself by his own works. 
He pointed out the salvation provided 
by God through the shed blood of His 
well-beloved Son. The poor, footsore 
devotee drank in every word, and at 
length, plucking off his torturing san- 
dals, he cried, " That is what I am look- 
ing for. That fills my every need," and 
became a living witness that the blood 
of Christ does cleanse from all sin. 

Men may afflict the body, but it can- 
not take the place of Him Who was 
wounded for our transgressions. They 
may beat and lance themselves, yet 
there stands the One by Whose stripes 
we are healed. They may make long, 
painful journeys to sacred places, with 
the hope of finding pardon for sin, but 
Christ said,- " Come unto Me." In the 
world of learning, " Modern chemistry 
may have given us better soap with 
which to remove the stains of dirt and 
toil, but it has discovered nothing to 
cleanse the heart from sin. It may 
produce illuminating devices to dispel 
the darkness of nature, but it cannot 
give light to them that sit in eternal 
darkness. It may furnish explosives 
to remove natural barriers, but cannot 
remove the barrier that sin has placed 
between man and a Holy God. As- 
tronomy may, indeed, reveal something 


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of the grandeur and magnificence of 
God's creation, but can tell us nothing 
of His love and compassion for lost sin- 
ners. It may calculate the size and il- 
luminating power of the heavenly bod- 
ies, but it tells nought of the rising of 
the Bright and Morning Star. Geol- 
ogy may make known to us something 
of the riches which God has stored in 
the mines, but it cannot help us to 
know the riches of the glory of His in- 
heritance in the saints, or the fulness 
of Him in Whom dwelleth all the ful- 
ness of the Godhead bodily." 

In every condition of humanity the 

provision of salvation offered by the 
Savior is all-sufficient for every need. 
It is that alone that satisfies, which 
gives the joy and peace that endures. 
Neither morality nor personal holiness 
on the one hand, nor contrition and 
repentance on the other, ever saved 
a soul. Right and proper as they are 
in their due places, as the accompani- 
ments of salvation, they are not the 
ground of it. The blood alone saves. 
This must be appropriated by faith, 
and is the one thing needful. 

Ahwa, via Bilimora, India. 


Ida C. Shumaker 

THIS is the name of our Children's 
Mission Band, which meets each 
Thursday afternoon after school 
closes. If you look at the accompanying 
picture you can see some of our work- 
ers. The large girl at the back is Salome 
Renchord. She is our assistant. We 
now number nearly one hundred. One- 
third of these are nonchristian chil- 
dren. We began with about nine little 
ones. It all came about in this way: 
On Thursday afternoon the mothers 
have their meeting and, of courtse, the 
children who were too young to go to 
school came too. They made a good 
deal of noise. We decided it would be 
nice to take these tots elsewhere and 
amuse them, at least, and perhaps teach 
them some songs, prayers, and Bible 
stories. So we " hied " them- off to 
another room and tried to get acquaint- 
ed with them, for many of these chil- 
dren are very shy when we are around, 
and many are afraid of us and run 
away. Much of this is due to the un- 
wise training they receive. Some par- 
ents can not manage their children, so 
they frighten them into obedience by 

saying, " Mama will whip you." So 
they are afraid of' us at first. 

In a short time we became acquaint- 
ed. We learned a song, played a few 
games and made windmills. The little 
chubby brown hands eagerly grasped 
the windmills, and oh, how these tots 
did blow ! Their round, fat faces 
glowed as their cheeks swelled to such 
an extent that we feared there might 
be an explosion of some kind. You 
may wonder what this has to do with 
a Mission Band. Well, their hands, as 
well as their heads and hearts, need 

To make a long story short, this was 
the beginning of what is now an organ- 
ized Children's Mission Band. It is 
only the start, true enough. We are 
overwhelmed with the responsibility 
of the task before us and the wonder- 
ful opportunity for service. We went 
from a room in the bungalow to the 
girls' schoolroom, and now we meet 
in our own primary Sunday-school 
room, where we have a sand-table, a 
blackboard and some pretty, sugges- 
tive pictures, donated by some of our 


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little friends in America. If you could 
meet with us you would understand 
why 'we appreciate your sending us 
pictures from time to time. Eternity 
alone will reveal the amount of good 
you have done in this way. Let the 
good work go on. A rich reward is 
in store for the faithful. 

At present, for our hand work, we 
are making little booklets. We are us- 
ing some pictures which were cut from 

down in a tub of water. At first it 
was almost impossible to do anything 
save to teach them how to sit, stand, 
walk, talk and eat ; how to keep quiet ; 
how to listen when others were talk- 
ing; how to be reverent during prayer; 
how to work with their hands, instead 
of using their tongues so much during 
the silent period. Can you imagine 
nearly a hundred of these active tots 
together, along with a half-dozen cry- 

Bulsar Children's Mission Band. 

|eed catalogs, books, papers and mag- 
azines, by some friends in the home- 
land — by some who will read these 
lines — and sent to us. Oh, how we 
treasure these pictures ! 

There is an interesting time when 
this work begins. About the first thing 
these children must be shown is that 
" order is heaven's first law." They 
must be taught to do things systemat- 
ically, too. Methinks you would have 
been dreadfully " shocked " had you 
come into our little meeting. For in- 
sance, when the signal was given to 
stand, what happened? The sight was 
not unlike a lot of popcorn, popping up 
and down in a hot popper ; not unlike 
a number of apples bobbing up and 

ing babies, each child busy at work 
with its hands, and at the same time 
chattering away, at the top of its voice, 
like a magpie? — and then, over and 
above all this din and good-natured 
confusion, you hear the teacher's voice, 
giving directions. This is but a faint 
picture of this band in its beginning. 
Any need for teaching? 

For instance, we gave a lesson on 
" table etiquette." We wanted to see 
how much teaching was required on 
this line. We invited the children to 
come to our home and bring their 
cups. Long before the appointed hour 
many mothers arrived, bringing even 
their smallest babies, who could not 
drink tea nor eat rolls. Soon all the 


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children were seated in rows. Our lar- 
gest orphan girls served the food. Such 
confusion you never heard ! The scene 
beggars description. Any teaching 
needed along this line? Will it pay to 
make the attempt? 

Several such lessons were taught to 
the Mission Band children. A few 
weeks ago they were given some pea- 
nuts. Two large girls served. Ninety- 
six small children were present. All 

sides preaching, singing, praying, etc. 
You may hear from us again. 

Now look at the second picture. Who 
are these children? These are the offi- 
cers of our band. Yes, -we really had 
an election and we actually voted. It 
was so interesting ! We talked the mat- 
ter over with the children. They ex- 
pressed themselves freely and then the 
vote was taken. Each child arose in 
turn and called out the name of the one 

The Officers of Our Mission Band. 

1. Master Lloyd Emmert, President. 2. Abraham Lera, Vice President. 3. 
Benjamin Buddha, Chorister. 4. Shanti Mitha, Secretary. 5. Martha Mitha, Asst. 
Secretary. 6. Moti Nana, Librarian. 7. Lellu Perbu, Asst. Librarian. 8. Daniel 
Khengar, Ribbon Boy. 

save one child said, " Thank you," and 
waited quietly till all were served and 
until prayer was offered. Does it pay? 

Lessons on cleanliness, on how to 
breathe, how to keep the body strong 
and healthy, etc., are also given. Is 
this not important? Is not the body 
the temple of the living God? 

Do we hear some one saying, " Is 
this the kind of work you are doing 
in your Mission Band? I thought you 
would be out in the town and villages, 
singing, praying, preaching and dis- 
tributing tracts/' etc., etc. 

Yes, this is some of the work that 
is being done in this Mission Band, at 
present. We must do some things be- 

wanted for the various positions. The 
• names were written on the blackboard 
and the result was as shown by the 
photo. Would you believe it? One lit- 
tle girl actually " electioneered " ! 

When the vote for secretary was tak- 
on one small boy became confused. 
We tried to help* him get his bearing 
by saying, " Choose some one. For 
whom do you want to vote? " One lit- 
tle miss turned so quickly and patted 
herself on the chest several times 
while she said, in a stage whisper, 
" Vote for me, please, for me ! " 

After the organization the president 
and his cabinet took their places in 
front, facing the audience. All sat in 


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a row. When they were seated the 
dignified president arose and raised his 
hand for a moment. All bowed their 
heads in silent prayer. Soon the pres- 
ident said lustily, "Amen!" (All sat 
up.) He and the chorister nodded to 
each other for awhile, when suddenly 
they broke out into singing-, in Guje- 
rati, of course, a welcome song, which 
was followed with " Little Children, 
Praise the Lord," and several other of 
our songs which we have learned. -The 
president then made a short speech, all 
his own, remember, and then called 
on the secretary to pray. After prayer 
he again nodded to the chorister, 
" made eyes " and gestures, and again 
we sang. The secretary then called the 
roll. Each child responded by giv- 
ing a Bible verse. A new verse was 
taught them. Here the president 
called for the Bible story which was to 
be taught that day. After we had re- 
lated the story he arose and asked the 
children many questions. A few chil- 

dren were inattentive. He promptly 
called them to order. After a rest exer- 
cise, more singing and a closing prayer, 
we all went home. Thus ended our 
first meeting after the band was or- 

Other features have been added 
since. Our name is " Little Mission- 
ary Workers " ; our motto, " It is more 
blessed to give than to receive " ; our 
aim, Do something for some one each 
day. (Matt. 25 : 40) ; our word, " OTH- 
ERS." These we have printed on pink 
ribbon, and at the proper time they 
are given to the children until they 
have served their purpose and are 
again collected. 

We are trying hard to develop the 
real, active missionary spirit in the 
lives of these children. Will you 
pray daily for this special feature 
of our work here? "The effectual fer- 
vent prayer of a righteous man avail- 
eth much." 

Bulsar, India, Oct. 15. 


J. I. Kaylor 

THIS is a big subject, when we 
consider that it is estimated in 
India alone there are 330 gods to 
every 300 people. The traveler through 
the country does not see the many in 
the people's houses. But numbers are 
noticed along the roadside ; especially 
on the hills and high places we see 
posts set up, several together, and on 
them some rude carvings of distorted 
figures of a man, or birds, or animals, 
or even snakes. Within a quarter of 
a mile of our bungalow are several of 
this kind. These do not all represent 
the same god, but different ones, and 
just as the people desire certain things, 
so they go to the different ones. Some 

of these even represent the depths of 
immorality. A man becomes like the 
thing that he worships; so how can 
one develop and progress with such 
gods? These gods that are made with 
men's own hands, and from his own 
imaginations, must necessarily be 
smaller and less powerful than him- 
self. And, also, any one can see and 
know that a piece of wood or stone or 
metal has no power to speak, or act, or 
see, or know, or do anything for man 
that he can or cannot do for himself. 
This is why a man believes in or wor- 
ships a god of some sort, for he be- 
lieves that it will do for him that which 
he cannot do' for himself. Isaiah 44: 9- 


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20 gives a clear description of those 
that make graven images and call them 
gods. It tells how a man goes about 
to do it. It also says that every one 
that does so is blind, destitute of any 
knowledge, and is all vanity. Romans 
1: 21-23 gives the seven downward 
steps of those who forsake and leave 
God, that even when they knew God 
they did not give Him glory, but be- 
came vain fools and even worshiped 
snakes. Then the following verses 
are a catalogue of the dreadful things 
that such do. 

Whenever idolatry is mentioned, at 
once the mind goes to' Africa or India 
or some other heathen country. Is 
idolatry practiced in England or Amer- 
ica, or other so-called Christian coun- 
tries? Well, let us see what idolatry 
is from the Scripture standpoint. The 
warnings are many : " Flee idolatry " ; 
" The works of the flesh are manifest 
which are these, . . . idolatry," etc. ; 
" Nor covetous man who is an idola- 
ter " ; " Covetousness, which is idol- 
atry " ; " Keep yourselves from idols," 
etc. And these were not spoken to the 
heathen people, but to those who had 
taken their stand for the Lord. 

In civilized countries the form of 
idolatry is not the same as in other 
countries. It has a form suitable to the 
conditions. The nature of man is the 
same, whether well up the scale of re- 
finement and civilization, or at the 
bottom. Culture only changes a man's 
outward conduct, and not his inward 
nature. As a man climbs this scale he 
changes his idols, but he does not turn 
from idolatry till he turns to the true 

Now what is an idol, and what is 
idolatry ? It is thus denned : " Every 
man has at least one god. A man's god 
is that to' which he looks for help, sup- 
port, and deliverance from trouble ; 
that in which he trusts for the trans- 
formation of the world and the elim- 
ination of its evils; that which he vol- 

untarily serves, praises, glorifies. Wor- 
ship or service directed to another than 
the true and living God, or trust re- 
posed in another (person or thing) than 
in Him is idolatry," says Philip Mauro. 
Every one recognizes the fact that 
in the world there are pains, ills, dis- 
tresses, dangers, sorrows ; the poor op- 
pressed by the rich, " no* peace," but 
" wars and rumors of wars " ; every- 
where great unrest, and thousands of 
things that weigh down and hinder 
man from reaching a great ideal con- 
dition and time when all will be equal, 
righteous, and peaceful. Every one is 
looking for this time when mankind 
will be delivered from all these perils. 
Therefore men put their trust in some 
thing or things external to themselves, 
to bring about this ideal state. The 
God of the revealed Word has told of 
this time which He will bring; but the 
large majority of people do not trust 
in this, but make to themselves ways 
and means and systems of their own 
liking, which they .think will accom- 
plish what they desire. These are their 
ideals, or idols, which they follow after 
and worship. Here we see many move- 
ments of the day, such as Science, Ev- 
olution, Federation, Fraternity, 
Wealth, Civilization, PEACE, Com- 
merce, and many other abstract names, 
which men delight to speak and hear, 
and of each it is asserted that it is the 
thing that will finally deliver man from 
the " present distress." These are not 
all outside the religious field, for here 
many have departed from what they 
call the " bondage of the Book," and 
contrived "other and more enduring 
foundations upon which is rising a 
vaster and nobler fabric of faith than 
the world has ever known before." So- 
cialism, Modernism, New Theology 
and other movements are coming, and 
many there be that follow thereafter. 
On examination of all of these it is 
found that the fundamental principle 
on which they rest is the achievements 


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of MAN, his progress, and his DIVIN- 
ITY. God receives no glory. Of these 
images which are set up in man's im- 
aginations He says, " These are thy 
gods that have brought thee up out of 
the land of Egypt," and will bring thee 
into the Canaan of the Golden Age. 
This is called the religion of humanism, 
the essence of which is the trust in, and 
the glorification of, MAN. Mauro 
again says : " The natural heart of man 
furnishes soil which is thoroughly con- 
genial to the principles of humanism, 
particularly to the idea that man, in 
some measure, is the agent of his own 
salvation. There is probably not a 
Christian denomination that is not 
more or less permeated by the leaven 
of legalism, or salvation through man's 
own works. We all, therefore, have 
need of the clearest warning of this 
danger ! " 

Just now, at The Hague, there has 
been dedicated a great and imposing 
shrine to the " Goddess of Peace," 
which is declared to be the means to 
bring about the golden age of universal 
peace on the earth.* But at every stage 
of its development there has been a 
bloody war going on. And there will 
never be permanent peace all over the 
earth, till Jesus Christ, the PRINCE 
OF PEACE, comes again and estab- 
lishes His personal reign of righteous- 
ness over the earth. " When they shall 
say, Peace and safety; then sudden 
destruction cometh upon them," says 
Paul. We often see, too, figures of 
wood and stone, which men have made 
to represent their ideals, or idols, fig- 
ures of " stalwart and symmetrical fe- 
males which, we are told, represent Sci- 
ence, Justice, Invention, etc. ... At the 
very' gateway of this idolatrous land of 

* " With happy appropriateness all coun- 
tries have contributed after their kind to 
the adornment of the Palace. The United 
States has a large marble group represent- 
ing the purpose of the building, ' Peace 
through Justice,' for the first landing of the 
staircase," says an editorial. 

America stands a figure representing 
' Liberty Enlightening the World.' The 
' Goddess of Liberty ' surmounts the 
capitol at Washington ; and the most 
admired building there, the Congres- 
sional Library, is a veritable temple of 
humanism covered with designs and in- 
scriptions to' the praise and glory of 
man." Then is America free from idol- 

Paul calls covetousness idolatry. The 
devotions paid to the above-mentioned 
things are largely sentimental, but 
when it comes to the unrighteous 
MAMMON, its devotees act from the 
heart. They throw all their energies, 
powers, and thoughts to its pursuit, 
and money comes to take the first place 
in their hearts. Men trust in money, 
that it will do anything. True, it does 
bless, and honor those who serve it best, 
as the millionaires of the land are in a 
rank by themselves, and none can enter 
without the $s. Truly, they have their 
reward. Perhaps there are no two 
words so common in the conversation 
of the day as " money " and " busi- 
ness." Likely money is today the most 
highly-prized thing among men. But 
Christ calls it an ABOMINATION or 
idol in the sight of God. See Luke 16 : 
14-15. " Ye cannot serve God andl 

All these things, science, peace, mon- 
ey, etc., upon examination will be 
found to possess nothing whatever 
that will minister to the spiritual na- 
ture of man. They will be found to be 
but bursting bubbles by those who put 
their trust in them for their salvation, 
and when the final judgment will come 
they will only receive the verdict, " I 
never knew you." 

Though apparently different on the 
surface, all these things are but parts 
of one great whole, and have a common 
origin and a common end. The great 
cry of today is Federation, Unity, and 
it is found that all these things are 


The Missionary Visitor 


merging together at no small pace. 
They all have common ideas and prin- 
ciples. In Revelation 13 we see two 
great and powerful wonder-working 
personages, called " Beasts." The sec- 
ond one directs all worship to the first, 
and makes a great confederation or 
monopoly, in that " he causeth all, both 
small and great, rich and poor, free and 
bond, to receive a mark in their right 
hand, or in their foreheads : and that no 
man might buy or sell, save he that 
had the mark, or the name of the beast, 
or the number of his name. Here is 
wisdom. Let him that hath under- 
standing count the number of the beast : 
for it is the number of a MAN ; and his 
number is Six hundred three score and 
six." So we see here the great final 
combine, and all the labor and trades 
unions and trusts of the day are but 

parts of, and paving the way for, this 
final one. And all worship of idols of. 
any kind is but helping to form this , 
great combination with which the age ' 
ends, under the antichrist, which shall 
be destroyed by the naming fire of|| 
the true Christ, being cast into the , 
place of everlasting burning prepared, 
for the devil and his angels and all . 
who follow him. This shall be the end 
of all who turn not from idols to serve : 
the true and living God, with all their 
soul, heart and strength. 

No wonder, then, that all the Word 
of God contains warnings and entrea-j 
ties against this awful system of idol-] 
atry. And so the Apostle John fit- 
tingly says, " Little children, keep 
yourselves from idols." 

Ahwa, via Bilimora, India. 


Sadie J. Miller 

IN India people live much in a bunch, 
and the free, independent life, 
known so well to American rural 
people, is seldom to be found. Two 
Christian families live in one house 
near us. 

This house is divided into three 
rooms, with bamboo partitions separat- 
ing the rooms. On the bamboo splits 
is put the plaster, so common to In- 
dia, and when this plaster is white- 
washed and dried, it really makes a 
respectable-looking wall or partition. 

But the white ants partly ate up one 
partition, which necessitated having 
new bamboo put in. During monsoon, 
cow dung, used for plaster, is rather 
unfit for this purpose. As a result the 
bamboo partition remained unplas- 
tered. In this condition it was a mere 
latticework which served as a thor- 
oughfare for the twelve young chicks 

belonging to the faithful family hen in 
Bro. A's part. of the house. 

Chickenlike, they were often found 
in the neighbor's quarters as well as; 
their own. One day, in trespassing, the 
young brood ventured too near tha 
door. A crow came along and snatched 
one out of the flock. 

Said Bro. A: "Alas! There were! 
twelve! Where is the one?" Sister; 
B allowed she had seen a crow taka 
one. " Yes, but who knows? " said Bro. 
A. Whereupon Sister B, feeling thisj 
an insinuation, flew into a frenzy ancl 
dealt out a tongue lashing which sei 
every one on edge. 

From: then on, especially when tha 
husbands were absent, the two wivesj 
assailed each other with words. Whewlj 
if words were blows, half the popula-J 
tion in India would be extinct in short 
order, for as these two women pro-l 


The Missionary Visitor 


ceeded, so, only tenfold worse, do the 
nonchristian women, especially Mo- 
hammedans. Bros. A and B have al- 
ways been close friends and are known 
as such throughout the town ; as true 
Christians, shedding a good influence. 
They thought this quarreling, over one 
lone chicken, was a disgrace. When 
Bro. A reproved his wife she undertook 
to help herself by talking at him. 

Accordingly he beat her, much to the 
satisfaction of Sister B, except as she 
feared her turn would come next. "Are 
not Bros. A and B of one mind?" 
thought she. The beating, as usual, 
proved beneficial. Sister A began at 
once to try to reconcile her sister, ac- 
cording to Matthew eighteen. She has 
been a Christian some ten or twelve 
years, whereas Sister B is but a babe 
in Christ. This quarrel was on a day 
and a half before we knew of it. The 
brethren, wisely, endeavored to bring 
it to a close so we would not need know 
it ever happened. 

We were ready for a tour on which 
these two sisters were to accompany 
us. Sister B came to the house, drag- 
ging her feet as if she were ill. Her 
lips were greased, to indicate fever 
blisters, and she said she could not go 
with us, as her bones ached and surely, 
before night, fever would come. 

How sorry for her and disappointed 
we felt ! We had planned this trip so 
long, and Sister B, of all, was urging 
it, lo! these weeks, because of her ea- 
gerness to go along. We proposed a 
dose of medicine, which she thought 
would be better to have at night. This 
gave us cause for suspicion, though we 
were not suspicious. Our innocence of 
prevailing conditions was marked. Ac- 
cordingly, we arranged to have Bro. B 
go in her stead. 

No sooner was this arrangement 
made when Sister A, in her quick, spry 
pace, came strutting into the house. 
She said, " Look here ! Sister B and I 
have had a fuss, which is absolutely all 

that ails her, and for this cause she re- 
fuses to go along. That fever story is 
all a farce. She has had none, and 
what's more, she will have none all 
day. Now mark what I tell you." 
" What caused the fuss? " we inquired. 
" Oh ! humanlike, we had words about 
the chickens, and this morning when I 
went to her, hoping to settle it alto- 
gether, she came after me, said hard 
words at me, and ordered me, a ras- 
cal, out of her house — " 

We told her to go home peaceably 
and send Bro. B at once. We well 
knew, if taken right, as is usually the 
case, we could more speedily win the 
day through the " boss," her husband. 
He was soon on hand but ready to 
start. We told him Sister A refused to 
go, as the only woman, and that with 
another woman's husband. We asked 
him to go home and have his wife 
come, ready for the trip as we had first 
arranged. He agreed and was off to 
inform her of the verdict. 

In short order both sisters were here, 
trim and primp, ready for the trip. 
Bro. A secretly suggested they be put 
in separate parts of the rig, but we 
were disposed to have them sit as near 
as possible, so as quickly to heal the 

But Sister B bent over, turning her 
back to Sister A. She 'would converse 
with us, but never a word to Sister A. 
She declared her headache was grow- 
ing worse and fever approaching, but 
as we drove on and as the day ad- 
vanced it disappeared, and the ap- 
proaching fever made no appearance, 
which was enough proof that " it was 
all put on," as Sister A had intimated. 
During the day, as we visited among 
the villagers, Sister A showed the 
Christ spirit, but Sister B would resent 
her at every turn and opportunity. We 
kept urging the former to exercise pa- 
tience and persistence in going the sec- 
ond mile, which she did nobly. By 


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evening- there seemed to be no apparent 
change in Sister B's attitude. 

At evening prayers, on our return, 
the two brethren were sad. They won- 
dered what more could be done to 
bring about the former peace and joy. 
Finally they decided it would serve 
as a twofold remedy if they " sold the 
chickens," which they did. 

Now chickens are a great com- 
fort tO' India women. To deprive them 
of all their chickens certainly would 
mean punishment, as well as be a con- 
stant reminder of their mistake. They 
were sure there should never again be a 
quarrel in their house because of chick- 
ens, at least, whatever else might cause 

The fourth day Sisters A and B were, 
practically, back on good terms, for 
did not Sister A continue in her efforts 
to reconcile her sister? Her three sons, 
the youngest of whom is little John, 
one year old, were sent at every oppor- 
tunity, on errands to and for Sister B 
(who is childless). Little John, in his 
sweet, innocent way, was the main aux- 
iliary. He must have noticed her at- 
titude, her slights. Where she used to 
fondle him, carry him to relieve his 
mother, play with him, now she 
spurned and shunned him. " A little 
child shall lead them." 

Is not this a lesson for older ones 
in Christ? A small chicken is a most 

ridiculous thing over which to quarrel; 
worth perhaps one or two cents in In- 
dia; yet "Behold, how great a matter 
a little fire kindleth ! " 

Brethren A and B said, "We'll do 
without chickens always, rather than 
have a lost reputation. Upon going 
out the people know we are staunch 
friends. If our wives are not, what an 
inconsistency ! Will men believe our 
message? We must make and have 
peace in our house " — and they have it 

Can you and I adjust a matter in 
four days? I have seen, in long-estab- 
lished churches, a sister refuse to sing 
because another sister, whom she dis- 
liked, was singing. Or, when a certain 
brother stood to give his sermon, here 
and there certain unwise, selfish par- 
ishioners slipped out simply because 
they had a dislike for, or perhaps held 
an unfair grudge against him. 

" If Bro. So and So goes to the social 
gathering we'll stay at home, for we 
hate him. " — another known illustra- 
tion. Can not India's inexperienced 
Christians set us a good example? Let 
no more such feelings enter our hearts. 
Let no more such words pass from our 
lips. " Forgive us our trespasses, as 
we forgive those who trespass against 
us." Can God forgive us if we fail, to 
forgive others? 


Alice K. Ebey 

INDIA might well be called a chil- 
dren's land. More than a hundred 
million are scattered over the hills 
and plains of this empire. Children are 
much loved and desired by all classes. 
The childless home is accounted ac- 

cursed of the gods. The barren wom- 
an does penance and makes long, wea- 
ry pilgrimages that the gods may grant 
her wish for offspring. The childless 
woman is frequently cast out by her 
husband. To be the father of a son. 


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gives absolute assurance of entrance 
into heaven. Strange that in this land, 
where children are so much loved, they 
should be so deeply wronged ! 

These wrongs begin, at birth. Nay, 
many years before, if we count the in- 
estimable wrongs of prenatal influ- 
ences. At birth thousands of little lives 
are sacrificed at the hands of the ig- 
norant, sometimes criminally, careless, 
or even actually cruel midwives. Gov- 
ernment and missions have been trying 
to right this wrong against helpless in- 
fancy, but the battle wages long and 
sore. In many places there are neither 
government dispensaries nor medical 
missionaries. God hasten the day 
when this slaughter of innocents may 
cease ! 

Opium feeding follows upon the 
heels of careless midwifery. The baby 
cries, the father scolds, the grandmoth- 
er brings the dark, gumlike poison and 
the mother gives it to the child. Then 
it sleeps and all praise the wonderful 
drug. Sometimes an overdose brings 
a sleep from which the child never 
awakes. Oftener the ill effects creep 
slowly over the little victim of daily 
opium feeding. Finally the child 
droops and dies, or grows up unfit, 
physically, mentally and spiritually. 
Missionaries remonstrate, but often to 
no avail. Old women say, " The sahib 
don't know what is good for our chil- 
dren. My children were fed opium and 
grew up." It is line upon line, precept 
upon precept, but this wrong against 
helpless infancy must cease through 
the name of Christ Jesus. 

Parental ignorance and superstition 
add much to childhood suffering. A 
sick child must have every whim in- 
dulged. A father once said he could 
not refuse to give his sick son anything 
he asked for, even if he knew it meant 
death to the child. This brings harm 
not only to the child's body, but it 
weakens the power of self-restraint 

which is so much needed in this coun- 
try of loose morals. 

Demon stories often frighten chil- 
dren. The bugat (witch doctor) is 
hired to cast out the demon from the 
sick child. The drunken dance, the 
shouting and screaming, the pounding 
on copper vessels, the beating of the 
disease-racked body of the child, bring 
neither comfort nor health. Then the 
bugat insists that such demons yield 
only to burning, and proceeds to brand 
the poor little body with a heated iron. 
Then he takes a double fee and there 
is less money to buy the much-needed 

These children of India are not with- 
out training. Indeed, many of them 
are exceedingly docile and obedient. 
But Hinduism, with all its subtile evils, 
does tell on these young lives, fresh 
from the hand of God. The household 
tales praise cunning more than truth, 
and not only justify but even encour- 
age vice of all kinds. Little eyes and 
ears are daily drinking in these baneful 
influences. On their doorposts, on 
their foreheads, everywhere are written 
the symbols of their false and impure 
religion. From earliest infancy the lit- 
tle knees bow before the hideous im- 
ages they call their gods. The child 
fears the gods, but he never hears of 
the true God Who loves and cares for 
His weakest child. 

But crudest of all these cruel wrongs 
is child-marriage, with its attendant 
evils. It is hard to understand how 
this custom, which brings so much 
pain and sorrow, ever grew up in a 
land where children are SO' much loved. 
But caste and custom insist that the 
practice must be continued. Social re- 
form and Christian missions have ac- 
complished much, but thousands of In- 
dia's children still have the galling 
yoke of child-marriage thrust upon 
them. Both parents and children are 
in disgrace if early marriages are not 
arranged for. In regard to a daughter 


The Missionary Visitor 


this is especially true. If there is no 
husband available, near her own age, 
a five-year old girl may be married to 
a man of fifty or sixty. 

The lot of the young wife is by no 
means easy in her tfather-in-law's 
household. But if, perchance, her hus- 
band should die, her lot is made infi- 
nitely harder. She is doomed to per- 
petual widowhood and must bear the 
blame of her husband's death. Her 
widow's garment is the badge of her 
disgrace; her shaven head, the sign of 
her degradation. There is no escape; 
no comfort in this life nor hope for the 
life to come. 

But worst of all, the dark curse rest- 
ing upon the children of this land is the 
licensed profligacy of temple-girls. 
They are called deva-dasi (pronounced 
day-vuh dossy), literally slaves of the 
gods. They are handmaids of the ra- 
pacious priests, who often hire them 

out to voluptuous worshipers. Recruits 
of adopted or purchased girls are gath- 
ered from all parts of the country and 
are trained in this life of sin from in- 
fancy. Expectant mothers,, with the 
consent of their husbands, frequently 
make a vow to devote the unborn child 
to the temple service. In doing so they 
imagine they are doing a religious act 
of great merit. The infamous life of the 
daughter brings honor rather than 
disgrace to the family. Under Chris- 
tian influence a movement has been in- 
augurated against these dancing girls 
and the perpetrators of this shameless 

May God speed the day when these 
wrongs against India's children may be 
righted ! May the servants of God 
hasten to gather these bleeding, faint- 
ing lambs into the fold of the Good 

Karadoho, via Dahanu, India. 


Galen B. Royer 

Dear Henry : 

I have been here now over one week, 
stopping at a hotel where I have 
formed the acquaintance of several 
people and their work, about which I 
wish to write you. They told me they 
are representatives of the International 
Bible Students' Association, of Brook- 
lyn, New York, and had a set of books 
which they wished to show me. The 
books proved to be the publications of 
Mr. Russell, of " Millennial Dawn " 
and " Plan of the Ages " fame, whose 
teachings have been widely distributed 
at a nominal cost, and the report of 
whose tour of the world and a study of 
missions called forth much criticism. 

These people here in Tien Tsin have 
been canvassing the Christians to sell 
them these books and make converts 

to their faith. Among the many things 
the books teach is that the end of the 
Gentile dispensation is in 1914, and 
that before that time it is the business 
of the " faithful " to call out " from all 
denominations, kindreds and tongues " 
such as will hear their message, and 
these " not many altogether " are to 
be the " bride," " the Lamb's wife," and 
the rest of the world is to be kept no 
account of at present. These people 
have made a systematic canvass of the 
Christian people of Tien Tsin and are 
working the strong mission centers of 
the Orient. They have left a good 
many sets of books here. 

I do not know if the time of the Gen- 
tiles will be filled in 1914 or not. Jesus 
said no man knows when ; that his dis- 
ciples were not " to know the times or 



The Missionary Visitor 


easons," but the Master did teach that 
His second coming would be like a 
thief in the night. These people have 
a way of explaining all these teachings 
to suit their faith, and have every as- 
surance, they say, that they know the 
time of His coming. Like the disciples 
of long ago, they are gazing up into 
heaven, not heeding the command of 
the angels to " go tell," and letting 
golden opportunities of soul saving 
go by, unused. 

But this is not all. Let them have 
their faith if they like, but why should 
they confine their efforts in the main 
to the believers in Christ, and why do 
they not go out among the heathen 
with their wonderful message that they 
assure every one will be so comfort- 
ing to the soul if it is accepted? And 
yet, perhaps if I believed as they do, I 
should want to do as they do; for in 
commenting on John 3 : 16, in the Bible 
Students' Monthly, Vol. 2, No. 12, these 
clear statements are made : " Man's in- 
telligence and higher organism could 
avail him only on condition that they 
would be used in harmony with his 
Maker's reasonable and just require- 
ments. Otherwise, he must die the 
death as being even less worthy of 
prolonged existence than the brute. 
. . . Hence God's provision for the 
race as a whole — that they might 
not perish as the brute beast [the un- 
derscored is in black face in the or- 
iginal] , but attain to eternal life again, 
attain to all that was lost in Adam, all 
that was redeemed by Jesus Christ our 
Lord," etc. 

Here then are two propositions 
clearly set forth. First, that the sin 
of Adam brought death upon man, a 
death like that which comes to brute 
creation. And all those who have not 
believed on the. Lord finally " perish 
as the brute beast." 

Though Mr. Russell specifically 
teaches that faith in Christ restores the 
full privileges of salvation to the un- 

saved, heathen or others, yet these peo- 
ple make little or no effort to win such 
to Christ, but rather work among those 
who believe in Christ and are trying 
to do His will, to draw them, if possi- 
ble, away from the faith. 

The author also dwells upon the 
words, " God so loved the world." 
Based on that statement he sets aside 
all punishment for disobedience and 
asks, " Is it conceivable that He Who 
commands us to love our enemies and 
to observe toward them the golden 
rule would Himself ignore that rule 
and injure, not only His enemies, but 
also the ignorant, the superstitious, the 
great masses of mankind — of whom the 
apostle declares, ' The god of this 
world hath blinded their minds ' " (2 
Cor. 4 : 4) ? It is remarkable that Mr. 
Russell disconnects the " so " of John 
3 : 16 from " that whosoever believeth 
on Him should not perish," but it is 
more remarkable that he should urge 
God's greatest love, for the unsaved to 
be annihilation. This is his theory of 
second death. After the first death all 
but the " elect " shall have another and 
a better chance than in this life. Fail- 
ure then to accept means annihilation, 
Christ's teaching concerning the rich 
man and Lazarus and all other teach- 
ings to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Had God not sent a Son into the 
world to redeem all, had not that re- 
demption been complete for all in the 
world, had He not told the church that 
there was no other salvation save faith 
in Christ, had He not committed unto 
the church the " words of reconcilia- 
tion " and " the ministry of reconcilia- 
tion," and had He not given the church 
the resources for bearing the good 
news to all the world, then there might 
be room to charge God with heartless- 
ness if the unsaved are forever ban- 
ished from His eternal presence. But 
the church has received the message ; 
she knows her duty; she has been list- 
less, comparatively speaking, in this 


The Missionary Visitor 


great work and the blood of the un- 
saved who have not had opportunity 
rests upon the heads of those who pro- 
fess to be His followers, and not on 

I lament the inactivity of the church ; 
but here are these people in the days of 
greatest need, of crisis upon crisis in 
such nations as Japan and China, com- 
ing in, and with this Russell doctrine 
trying to rock to sleep the agencies 
now already inadequate for the task 
before them. They go systematically 
among the churches at home and try to 

find converts. The home base in a 
sense can stand this loss ; not so on the 
field. But with untiring effort they 
seek to gather converts from " all de- 
nominations," and thus discourage the 
work of evangelism all the more. 

The books are full of doctrinal er- 
rors, for the author has set up a theory 
of his own and everything must bend 
to it. It is, however, in the neutraliz- 
ing of the missionary forces that I am 
most deeply concerned, and felt to give 
you the situation as I find it in China. 

Tien Tsin, China, Oct. 29. 


F. H. C. 

THE month has been especially 
blest with the assurance of the 
permanency of things in China. 
About the greatest thing in this line 
was the election of president and vice- 
president. The people are feeling 
good, now that this part of the ad- 
vancement has become settled with no 
further trouble. The result of the elec- 
tions was not surprising, for most of 
the people thought Yuan Shih Kai 
would be elected president and Li 
Yuan Hung the first vice-president of 
China. These men seem to work well 
together and the conditions are really 
promising at this time. 

The elections and installations were 
almost immediately followed by the 
recognition of China as a republic by 
most of the powers of importance that 
had not previously done so. 

These acts were followed by a peace- 
ful wave over the country that seems 
very noticeable. People are glad to 
have peace. We are hopeful that these 
conditions will continue. 

The cost of the recent rebellion has 

been something enormous. When one 
thinks how badly China needs money 
one is made to feel sorry for the fool- 
ishness in this line. The estimated 
cost is not far from twenty million dol- 
lars Mexican. This is nearly ten mil- 
lion gold. 

Our yearly meeting was held early 
in October. Much business was dis- 
posed of in the finest kind of spirit. All 
were grieved to know that we were so 
few. The year had taken four of our 
workers from the field : one removed by 
death and three returned to the home- 
land.- We think of holding our yearly 
meeting in the spring in the future. At 
least it was decided to try it and see 
what will be the advantages and disad- 
vantages of the change. 

At the yearly meeting we had some 
interesting times in conference in 
which the Chinese brethren took very 
active parts. Topics were discussed 
and there was no lagging on the part 
of speakers. Such questions as " How 
can I help my weaker brother?" 
" Prayer," " The prerequisites of an- 


The Missionary Visitor 


swered prayer," and kindred subjects 
|were discussed with interest by the 
Chinese brethren. This was the first 
real attempt at such a program. It 
was with pleasure that we saw them 
:ake hold. 

Quite an effort is being made by some 
ilasses to get a line attached to the 
lew constitution that will say that 
Confucianism is to be the state reli- 
gion, but that there shall be perfect tol- 
eration for all. The Christians of the 
republic are equally earnest in their 
petitions asking that there shall be 
perfect freedom in religious things. We 
sincerely hope that there will be no 
;hange in the constitution as it is now 
n reference to religion, for it plainly 
states that there will be no distinction 
is to religious things. All are to be on 
'he same footing. 

Not long ago a terrible fire raged in 
Shanghai. About eighteen thousand 
Deople are said to have been rendered 
homeless. It is surely time that the na- 
tives began to build up some kind of 
water works to protect against this 
danger. Terrible is the loss when we 
are not prepared. 

This month brought to us the new 
band of workers for China. The two 
doctors with their families and the 
other workers landed in the proper 
length of time after sailing from Se- 
attle. Bro. Galen B. Royer had come 
to Tientsin a few days before the party 
landed. Then, in company with Bro. 
H. C. Early and the missionaries, he 
proceeded to Ping Ting Chou. They 
found the workers all well and busy. 
The day after the arrival they, with 
the workers on the field, received fif- 
teen Chinese into the church. Among 
them were two women, the first women 
to be received into the church by our 
mission in China. There was not a lit- 
tle excitement among the people when 
they heard there was a doctor in 
the place. The first days many peo- 

ple came, from far and near. One al- 
most marvels to see how quickly the 
news gets around. One of the patients 
came for twenty miles. Several were 
from outside the city. 

Our next report will have more about 
how we have enjoyed the visit of the 
representatives of the Mission Board. 

Cheefoo and Tientsin are the scenes 
of burning great quantities of opium. 

To an outside onlooker the Japanese 
are doing some suspicious things in the 
south of China. Two men were re- 
cently arrested in Shanghai with bombs 
in their possession. One is said to have 
been the manufacturer of them. After the 
trial the two fellows were ordered de- 
ported to their native homes in Japan. 
Another incident aroused suspicion. Dis- 
coveries were made of the shipments of 
large supplies of guns and ammunition 
in the south. These are contraband 
g.oods, and one would think if a country 
cared for its reputation it would stop 
such work. 

Detectives declare that opium smug- 
gling is carried on at an alarming pace 
in many places in China. As long as 
there are bad men there will be those 
who disobey the laws of the govern- 

The plague, that has for a time been 
spreading in Manchuria, seems to be 
getting under the control of the physi- 
cians, and though they cannot cure it 
they can stop its spread by careful 

An European journal announces that 
in the last twelve months nearly a thou- 
sand young women have left Switzer- 
land under Mormon direction for the 
United States, These girls have been 
assembled in that country from neigh- 
boring nations for transportation to 

Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China, Nov. 



Kathren R. Holsopple 

WE arje little Christian boys and 
girls living in India. We do 
not wear jewelry nor let our 
hair grow in a tail. Since we have 
been Christians our parents don't let 
us run naked, but get us clothes to 
wear. We boys wear coats and pants, 
and we girls jackets and skirts. We 
try to keep our faces and hands clean, 
and we have our hair combed and 
oiled every day. We play and have a 
good time just the same. 

We boys go to school and are going 
to learn to read and write, and- when, 
we grow up we will be teachers to the 
people that don't know about Jesus. 
We girls are going to school, too, when 
we are old enough. We want to learn 
so we can teach the women and girls 
about our Bible and religion. 

We live near the Sahib's bungalow. 
Our houses have tiles on the roof to 
keep out the heat and rain. Our moth- 
ers keep our houses clean, and we have 
some pictures on the walls. We are 
very fond of pictures, and when we 
get some we have tin frames put 
around them, so they will stay nice. 

Our mothers learn to sew and then 
they make our clothes for us, and also 
their own jackets. We are going to 
learn, too, when we get older. 

Our babies are very nice. I know 
you would love them if you saw them. 
Our mothers make little short dresses 
for them and try to keep them clean. 
Of course they get dirty sometimes, 
but when they do they get cleaned up 
again. We take care of our babies. We 
carry them on our hips and take them 
with us when we go out to play, and 
then our mothers can work. 

We all go to Sunday-school, and 
church and Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing in the afternoon on Sunday. We 
learn the golden texts and verses from 
the Bible.. We sing songs and learn 
about Jesus and how to be good. Some 
of us older ones can pray pretty well. 
We always pray at the beginning of 
our Sunday-school class and we take 
our turn. Our parents help us to be 
good and try to teach us what is right. 

We want to grow up to be good 
Christian men and women, to work for 
Jesus. We want to do this, but cannot 
unless we have, some one to help us. 
Do 3'ou help little boys and girls? 
Would you like to see the little chil- 
dren on the other page different? 
Would you like to have them learn 
about Jesus and grow up to be good 
men and women? Won't you think of 
some way you can help us and them 
too? Won't you? 


Kathren R. Holsopple 

DO you know who we are? We 
live in India. We are Hindus. 
You can tell that by the tail of 
lair we boys let grow on the back of 
>ur heads. Some people say that the 
eason we let our hair grow is so that 
vhen we die the good spirit can catch 
is by this tail and keep us from going 
o destruction. We girls all wear Jew- 
dry on our hands and feet and in our 
:ars and nose. We think it looks nice. 
3ee what pretty beads we have around 
>ur necks ! If we have them on we 
leed not bother much about other 
:lothes. We boys all wear clothes when 
ve go to school, but we girls don't 
jo, so don't have to clean up or put on 
dothing. If we girls have a piece of an 
Did sari to wear around our waists and 
)ver our heads, that is plenty. 

Our; faces are generally pretty dirty. 
We like to play in the road, and the 
roads are dirty, and it is so much both- 
er to wash. We girls get our heads 
:ombed only once in a while, and our 
hair gets so tangled and dirty! But 
what is the use to comb? We would 
just get our hair tangled again. 

You just ought to see our babies. 
They would be pretty nice if they 
jwere cleaned up. Their hair gets long 
iand hangs in their eyes, and then they 
Igenerally have sore eyes, too. Their 

mothers put lampblack around them to 
scare the devils away. They play in 
the dirt, and then cry, and their noses 
are dirty, and they hardly ever wear 
clothes. They don't mind, though, be- 
cause they like the dirt. 

Have you seen our houses? They 
are made of grass and mud and bam- 
boos. There is only one room and the 
door is very low, and there are no win- 
dows. You think it would be dark, but 
we can see. In one corner on the floor 
is a place to cook. Two or three ves- 
sels are all we need. We all sleep and 
eat in this one room. You see we play 
in the road most of the time, so it is 
not crowded. 

We generally have a pretty good 
time. Our parents let us do as we 
please, only when they get angry, and 
then they slap us or knock us around. 

We go to the temple, where there 
is an ugly old god, made out of stone, 
to pray to. Sometimes we take rice 
and cocoanut for it. Would you like 
to be one of us? Do you think we 
look happy, clean, well trained and 
intelligent? Do you have something 
that is better than what we have, that 
If we had it would make us like the 
children on the other page? Do you do 
all you can to help children like us? 


The Missionary Visitor 

Jhe LittU^^iss|||y Jl|§W| 


l ^^/Am> - drawings By "Rosa-Kavlor S^w 


FaScruam joins LomKo day.lnaVe a 
pew u^ IL has pfclly yellcJw^^and 

Ween^ofaiL. lhave aneWwLoo. 

* " 1 1 11 ? 1 

sa/i is fed acd yellow.Qe^hoWmce 

I looK . Jg 1 naVe a nev^/ it has picWes 
in it. lWe is afHand a &ancla.@ana a 5 / 
llisamc^Iesl lerhieyou looKnicelam tfomsto 
^00. We aneW anola/and alp&m see 
my new Aefe afe Was on! I We aQan i 
a|JM us 00 lo school^^^e lhalf mz 

Las waki^Pon m mm. Uq! mere is an 
o[(pw (ind Ihefe comesaWwith aloadol 
DiicKon his kck.^eelha^pJ]ow slow 11 (Joes ! 
IVwirinstW hell 

is ringing. §al 



The Missionary Visitor 


A Jingle for Boys and Girls 


(It has been said: "If all the inhabitants 
of the earth were formed into one vast pro- 
cession, every fifth person would be Chi- 

I saw the strangest thing one night 
After mama put out the light. 
I could not sleep, and I lay and lay; 
The moon made everything bright as day, 
And filled the room with her fairy gold. 
And I was thinking what I'd been told: 

If a belt of all people around the earth ran, 
Every fifth one would be a Chinaman." 

I lay quite still when, away flown the street, 

I heard the tramp of marching feet, 

And then — oh! it was the strangest thing — 

Those marching people began to sing 

In every language, all jumbled, I heard, 

And yet I understood every word; 

And this is the queer, queer song they 

" Every fifth man is a Chinaman." 

And then they came marching right into the 


And I sat up in bed as still as a mouse, 
As they tramped through my room, by the 

foot of my bed; 
And every man of them turned his head, 
And looked straight at me, as he passed 

And shouted his loudest the words of that 

'Til it echoes there yet, I can hear it, I can — 
Every fifth man is a Chinaman." 

Yes, they came right in through the win- 
dow and wall, 
And went out through the doorway into the 

Just as if my chamber were part of the 

They broke not the step of their marching 


Hundreds and thousands, on, on they came 
White, black; tall, short; stout, thin; 

straight, lame; 
Every conceivable kind of man — 
And every fifth was a Chinaman. 

The very first one was a man I knew, 
A hook-nosed, bearded ragpicker, a Jew; 
And the next was red-faced Pat Muldoon 
Who tends the bar in the corner saloon; 
And the next was a black man whom I've 

Driving by on a big coal team; 
And the next was the rich — I've forgotten 

his name, 

But I've seen him lots of times, just the 

In parks and streets, driving an elegant 

And the one behind him was a Chinaman. 

There they marched all night, and they 

marched all day; 
Sometimes I sat up and sometimes I lay; 
For day after day, and night after night, 
They marched, and I counted, to be sure 

they were right. 
Japs, Swedes, Indians (red and brown), — 
From Greenland, Borneo, Chili, Cape 

Town — 
All shades of color that long line ran — ■ 
But every fifth man was a Chinaman. 

Then, all at once, while they still passed by, 
I heard a voice, my bedside nigh. 
I turned and looked, mama stood there, 
And the sunshine danced on her face and 

"It is time to get up, my boy, you know." 
But I shouted, " O ma! Just see them go! 
And hear them sing as loud as they can, 
' Every fifth man is a Chinaman! ' " 

And I pointed at — but to my surprise — 
Why! I couldn't believe my ears nor eyes — 
For, what do you think? Not a sound I 

Of those tramping feet, not a shouted word. 
The room was empty, the room was still, 
That crowd had gone— tell how if you will. 
Ma said I was dreaming, but I don't see 
How, with my eyes wide open, I could be, 
Do you? And I saw them as plain as day, 
And heard them, too, as in and away, 
There marched by every kind of man, 
And every fifth was a Chinaman. 

I'm going to China when I am a man! 
I want to see those fellows again. 
It must take a great, big, monstrous land 
For so many folks to have room to stand; 
And I know by the way they looked at me 
When they passed by in that line, you see, 
That they could tell me marvelous things 
Could they stop to talk. If I had wings, 
I'd fly there today — but — oh, dear! I know 
I'll have to wait and slowly grow 
Before I see those wonderful sights 
In the land of yellow dragons and kites 
And small feet and pigtails and queer boats 

and rice 
And fireworks and jugglers and everything 

nice — 
Oh! I want to see those fellows again, 
Those four hundred million Chinamen! 
— A. L. C, in Prophetic Mission Record. 


The Missionary Visitor 



" We are willing to hold the ropes, 
but we want to know that you are at 
the other end " — words to us from the 
Mission Rooms several years ago. We 
can assure you that every one on the 
field appreciates greatly your holding of 
the ropes. Some effort is made also in 
this issue of the Visitor to let you know 
that we are at the other end. 

* A ♦ 

We wish you could all come to this 
end of the rope and see the work at 
first hand. It is so difficult to tell it 
adequately. It must be seen to be un- 
derstood. But it is first and last real. 
There is some poetry, true; but a very- 
great deal is ordinary prose. It is real 
life, with all its struggles and discour- 
agements and all its opportunity. The 
very immensity of the task makes one's 
whole being tingle at the thought of 
vast possibilities, or drives him to de- 
spair, according as he is filled with faith 
in God or void of it. 

* *> ♦ 

We, that is, you at home and we on 
the field, are workers together with God. 
God gives the orders and empowers ; 
you sent, we went; you support and en- 
courage, we are here to do. We may 
think of it as a partnership — not the 
work of one man, of a group of men ; it 
is the mission of the Church of the 
Brethren. This means that you are con- 
cerned in every detail of the work. 

* A %* 

It is earnestly desired that this issue 
of the Visitor be read in the light of 
this partnership. Hard tasks, great ob- 
stacles, pressing needs, wide open doors 
are presented, not as a request for an 
alms, 'nor as a weakling seeking sym- 
pathy. It is rather a report of a junior 
partner, with an appeal to the firm to be- 
stir itself and care for the growing busi- 
ness. The resources of the firm are as 

bountiful as the promises of God. Men 
and means are already in the hands of 
the church. Power in the Spirit is 
available. Surely it will not be well with 
us if we are unfaithful in our steward- 
ship of life or means. 

A A ♦ 
Several years ago, after visiting vari- 
ous missions in India, Bro. Wieand ex- 
pressed his conviction that there was not 
a more promising field in all India than 
the one occupied by the Church of the 
Brethren. The splendid fruits of the 
past few years add weight to that opin- 
ion. This should be a source of great 
encouragement to< the church at home. 

■•$* *%? ♦** 
But this promising field is slipping 
from us. Is it a matter of concern all 
all to the church at home that three dif- 
ferent missions are now pressing in up- 
on us? They threaten to occupy some 
of what has been considered our terri- 
tory. Does the church believe that a 
field worked by one mission is better 
than the same field worked by several 
missions of conflicting beliefs and prac- 
tices? Surely it does. Then there is 
but one of two things to do: We must 
occupy the field efficiently, and thus pre- 
vent others coming to take it, or we must 
let others reap where we have sown. 
To say the least it is painful to us to 
see our field go into the hands of others. 

V V V 

Again the answer is, More workers 
from America. Does India have its 
quota? This is the question that con- 
fronts us. Can we hope for a larger 
number of workers, or shall we hope 
only to sustain the number we now 
have? Does the church realize that no 
new stations have been opened by us for 
several years? It is really quite difficult 
to man what we do have. At least four 
new stations ought to be opened proper- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ly to care for our field. That means as 
many married couples and single sisters. 
Beside these there need to be sufficient 
workers properly to man stations made 
vacant by furloughs and sickness. 
Double the present force would equip us 
pretty well to work what is now easily 
within our reach. The answer is with 
the church at home. It is with young 
men and women who are choosing their 
life work. We await with interest the 


♦♦♦ *> ♦ 

This has been a year marked by 
greatly increased efforts toward cooper- 
ation among missions. A Mission 
Council has been organized in Western 
India, represented by all the leading 
missions working in the territory. The 
Council works entirely through recom- 
mendation, and no action is binding till 
ratified by the missions themselves. 
Best methods of working, full occupa- 
tion of the field, settlement of question 
of comity, encouragement of better prep- 
aration of missionaries for their work, 
are some of the questions considered. 
Our own mission has two representa- 
tives in the Council. 

' Perhaps for the first time in the his- 
tory of the India Mission a contribution 
was made to the work of the General 
Board. The appeal for a special offer- 
ing for the work in China was read the 
day before the special day arrived. A 
suggestion was made to several that it 
might be good to afford the people an 
opportunity to give if they desired. The 
matter was presented to at least four 
congregations, and as many offerings 
were gladly made. The amount was not 
large — perhaps not more than $20 in 
all — but there is no doubt it will tie In- 
dia and China closer together, and help 
our Indian brethren to realize that they 
have brethren in other lands. 

Three silver medals were taken by 
members of the Bulsar Sunday-school in 
the recent All-India Sunday-school Ex- 
amination. One was taken on a mark 
of 100 per cent. Another member of 
the same school was second in the list, 
at 99 per cent. All three of these boys 
have had medals before. It is gratify- 
ing, indeed, when we remember that 
they are won in competition with hun- 
dreds of pupils from all the missions of 

The Mission is looking forward with 
much interest to the visit of the repre- 
sentatives of the General Mission Board. 
It will be a keen joy to show them 
around. Many things will no doubt 
bring great joy to them as they see what 
God has done during these years. And 
just as surely will their hearts be pained 
when they see signs of what the enemy 
has done in our midst. Some of the 
problems that perplex us will be dis- 
cussed in the hope that their riper ex- 
perience may lead us to the proper so- 
lution. So also will effort be made 
thoroughly to acquaint them with all the 
details of the work, so that as they are 
called upon to consider our requests 
from time to time they may be the better 
prepared to answer them. It is hoped 
that when this is read the brethren may 
be with us. 

We are deeply indebted to Brother 
Jesse B, Emmert of India for the edit- 
ing of this issue of the Missionary Vis- 
itor. He in turn owes a debt of grati- 
tude to his fellow-laborers, who in the 
face of many exacting duties, have 
cheerfully answered his call and pre- 
pared the articles relating to India that 
may be found in this issue. Brother 
Emmert has also prepared the editorials 
up to this point. We pray our readers 
to stop and ponder well the various calls 
for workers that may be read between 
the lines of many of the articles. 


The Missionary Visitor 


One hundred years ago only about 
one college student in ten professed 
faith in Jesus Christ, even in this 
Christian country. Today about fifty 
per cent of all college students are 
professed Christians. A hundred years 
ago college students thought less 
about Christian missions than they did 
about the climate of Mars or the rings 
of Saturn. Today the Student Volun- 
teer Movement enlists hundreds of 
bright, well-trained, educated young 
men and women for the missionary 
field. Yale University, through its stu- 
dents and alumni, is raising $200,000 
for the equipment of a mission in 
Changsha, China, and other great ed- 
ucational institutions are giving like 
heed to the missionary cause. The 
Christianization of the world, by 
preaching, and teaching, and living the 
Gospel, is now a world problem, and 
sane men everywhere are giving heed 
to it. — Missionary Review. 

& ♦ >i* 

Booker T. "Washington, founder and 
head of Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, 
said recently: "The black man needs 
no sympathy or pity. I thank God that 
I belong to a race that has its problem 
to solve and is solving it. A short 
time ago I paid a visit to Italy, and 
there I observed a race that has been 
free for hundreds of years, and yet 
thirty per cent of its people cannot 
read or write. In Spain sixty per cent, 
and in Portugal seventy-six per cent 
cannot read or write. When Mr. Lin- 
coln freed my race only three per cent 
were literate. Now sixty-three per 
cent can read and write." So much for 
Rome and illiteracy ! 

Although there are 908,282 negroes in 
Alabama's total of 2,138,093, yet no city 
in this State has as many negroes as 
New York. That city has 91,709 ne- 
groes, while Birmingham has 52,305. 

In each of 12 cities there are more 
than 40,000 negroes. This dozen is 
headed by Washington, which has 94,- 
446, making it the leading city in the 
world in negro population. The other 
cities in order are New York, New Or- 
leans, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Mem- 
phis, Birmingham, Atlanta, Richmond, 
Chicago, St. Louis and Louisville. Mem- 
phis has the largest percentage, 60 per 
cent. But Montgomery has 19,322 ne- 
groes, or over 50 per cent of its total. 
Mobile has 22,763 negroes, or about 43 
per cent. The only cities in which the 
negroes outnumber the whites are 
Charleston, Savannah, Jacksonville and 

Just about 1,000,000 negroes live in 
the Northern States. Pennsylvania has 
193,000, Oklahoma 137,000, New York 
134,000 and Ohio 111,000. All States 
have them. 'The 1,000,000 up North will 
become 2,000,000 in the course of about 
twenty years, and in the long run the 
race will be widely dispersed over the 
entire country. Today the percentage 
of negroes in the twenty-nine cities that 
have more than 25,000 inhabitants is 5.7 
per cent. — Missionary Review. 


With the shores of our native land 
fast fading in the distance, our minds 
go back to the hour when we gave our 
loved ones good4)ye. 

It is with joy in our hearts that we 
turn our faces toward India, because of 
Him for Whom we go. 

If it is the providence of God that 
we meet our loved ones no more in 
this life we have the hope of meeting 
them where there are no more part- 

That joy and hope we go to take to 
those who do not yet know of our ood 
as a kind and loving Father. 

Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell. 
Dr. Laura M. Cottrell. 

January The Missionary Visitor 45 

Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, beqeueath, and devise to the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 

In October Visitor the total for the year 
so far under India Widows' Home, should be 
$125.90 instead of $6.80, $125.40 having been 
previously received instead of $6.30. 


During the month of November the General 
Mission Board sent out 109,222 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following do- 
nations for the month of November: 

Pennsylvania — $150.49. 

Western District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Fannie L. Moore, $1; H. P. 

Burkeypile, $1.70 $ 2 70 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Lewistown, $8.47; Spring Run, 

$7.44, 15 91 

Aid Society. 

Leamersville Junior, .' 10 00 


A. Gyers, $1; Mrs. Hannah Puder- 

baugh, $2 3 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Anna M. Shirk, deceased, $95; Liz- 
zie Eshelman, 48 cents, 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Coventry, . . . . 

Illinois — $139.20. 

Northern District, Congregations. 




Brethren Mission Fund. 

Mt. Morris, 

Individuals of Pine Creek Congre- 


A friend, $1; A Sister, $5; L. J. 

Gerdes, $5; D. Barrick, $6.50 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

Pleasant Grove, 

Individuals of Homer Cong., 


Emma Carstensen, 1 00 

Maryland — $95.00. 
Middle District. 

Bequest of Mrs. Clara A. Mullen- 

dore, deceased, 95 00 

Ohio — $49.40. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Sister Mary Kintner, $2.50; N. I. 
Cool (marriage notice), 50 cents; S. 
P. Early (marriage notice), 50 cents 3 50 


















Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Wooster, $3.64; Chippewa, $2.80, ..3 

Clara A. Holloway, $2; Myrtle Hol- 

loway, $1 

Southern District. 

Trotwood Sunday-school and Con- 
gregation, $25.46 

Birthday Offering. 

J. E. Gnagey, $10; Katie Beath, $1, 
California — $30.00. 
Southern District, Congregation. 


Canada — $26.40. 



Mrs. J. L. Weddle, 

Indiana— $22.38. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

North Liberty, 


W. H. Greenawalt (marriage no- 

Middle District, Congregations. 



D. J. Ewert, $1; A brother, .Roann 
Congregation, $5.70; Mrs. Chas. Lewis, 
50 cents; T. D. Butterbaugh (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mollie M. Peffley, $1.50; Mrs. David 
Miller, New Hope Congregation, 

$2.60; An individual, $1, 

Kansas — $17.55. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

G. W. George, 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Slate Creek, 


A. C. Keller and wife, 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. Jolitz 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Susan Cochran 

Missouri — $16.20. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Emma Schildknecht, $2.50; D. D. 
Sell (marriage notice), 50 cents, .... 
Middle District, Congregations. 

Mineral Creek, $1; First Kansas 

City. $7.20; Mound Valley, $5 

Virginia — $14.02. 

Northern District, Congregation. 


Second District, Individuals. 

Jacob D. Miller, 


4 4 







30 00 

22 40 

4 00 

3 08 


6 00 

7 70 

5 10 



















The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa — $11.50. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River, $ 1100 


S. Bucklew (marriage notice), .... 50 

Oregon— $10.00. 

A Sister, 10 00 

Texas — $10.00. 

An Individual 10 00 

Washington — $6.50. 

H. J. Chapman, $5; Dora Adams, $1; 
H. C. Longanecker (marriage notice), 

50 cents i. . 6 50 

North Dakota — $5.50. 

A brother and sister, $5; J. H. Gor- 
don (marriage notice), 50 cents, .... 5 50 
Tennessee— $5.25. 

Knob Creek 5 25 

Minnesota — $5.00. 

Big Lake, 5 00 

Wisconsin — -$4.00. 

John Kaiser, 4 00 

Colorado — $2.00. 

D. M. Mohler 2 00 

Michigan— $2.00. 

Mrs. Alex. Burrell, $1; Geo. Stivers, 

$1, 2 00 

Oklahoma — $1.50. 

G. B. Armstrong, $1; S. G. Burnett 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 1 50 

New Jersey — $1.00. 

A sister 1 00 

West Virginia — $1.00. 
Second District, Individual. 

S. M. Annon, 100 

Total for the month, $ 625 89 

Previously received, 24,360 66 

For the year so far $24,986 55 


Ohio — $102.66 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

Arlington, $3.74; Eversole, $8.26; 
Ft. McKinley, $7.43; Lower Still- 
water, $9.91; Circleville, $3.50; 
Charleston, $3.10; Straight Creek, 
$10.01; May Hill, $2.50; West Milton, 

$36.25; Marble Furnace, $1.77 $ 86 47 


Cincinnati, $3.05; Constance, Ken- 
tucky, $3.14 6 19 

Welfare League. 

Jesse Beery Co., 10 00 

Illinois — $5.50. 

Northern District, Brethren Mission Fund. 

Mt. Morris, 50 


Phebe B. Moore, 5 00 

California— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. O. Cropper, 5 00 

Maryland — $2.0O. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Wm. H. Swam, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 115 16 

Previously received 845 71 

For the year so far $ 960 87 


Kansas — $49.17. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Ella E. Greenough , $ 5 00 

Northeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Morrill, 32 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Slate Creek, $ 12 17 

Pennsylvania, — §25. CO. 
Eastern District. 

Harrisburg Sewing and Aid Society, 20 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Trostle P. Dick, 5 00 

Ohio — $20.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Canton City, 20 00 

North Dakota— $10.00. 


Williston 10 00 

Wisconsin— $10.00. 


Mrs. Mary Hintz, 10 00 

Michigan — $ 1 0.0O. 
Aid Society. 

Woodland 10 00 

Virginia — $4.05. 

Northern District, Individual. 

O. M. Kagey, 3 00 

First District, Sunday-school. 

Burks Fork, 1 05 

Indiana- — $4.00. 

Northern District. 
Manus Laborum Class, Elkhart 

Sunday-school, 4 00 

Missouri — $2.00. 

Bro. and Sister John DeLaPlain 
and Pleasant Grove Sunday-school — 

Peace Valley Congregation, 2 00 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Eld. Michael Claar, 100 

Total for the month, $ 135 22 

Previously received, 1,889 92 

For the year so far, $ 2,025 14 


Ohio — $12.50. 

Northwestern District. 

Junior Christian Workers, Pleasant 
View House, Sugar Creek Congrega- 
tion, $ 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 12 50 

Previously received, 321 99 

For the year so far $ 334 49 


Iowa — $4.25. 

Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Creek 
Sunday-school, $ 4 25 

Total for the month $ 4 25 

Previously received, 371 85 

For the year so far, $ 376 10 


Illinois — $1.20. 
Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Morris, $ 1 20 

Total for the month, . . .$ 1 20 

Previously received 125 90 

For the year so far, $ 127 10 


Indiana — $12.10. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Oak Grove, North Liberty Congre- 
gation, $ 7 10 


Sarah M. Zollers, 5 00 

Minnesota — $5. 00. 

Lewiston Sunday-school, 5 00 

Illinois — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. H. Moore, 5 00 

Ohio— $3.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Kate Branner 

Maryland— $2.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Cora Shaffer 

Oklahoma — $0.35. 

Dollie F. Ennis 


The Missionary Visitor 


Middle District, Juvenile Class. 

Spring Branch Congregation, . 
Texas— $11.00. 

Portland Sunday-school, 

Idaho — $5.00. 

Willing Workers' Class. 

Twin Falls Sunday-school, .... 
i Washington— $5.00. 

Christian Workers. 

Sunny Slope, 

Kansas — $2.00. 
') .Southeastern District, Individual. 

D. and K. Yost 

3 00 

2 00 

27 45 
562 11 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 

For the year so far, $ 589 56 

Missouri — $20.00. 

20 00 

11 00 

5 00 

5 00 

2 00 

43 00 
634 07 

i Total for the month 

Previously received, 

!| For the year so far, $ 677 07 

Pennsylvania — $140 . 13. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

' Norristown, $4.76; Fairview, $14.04; 

Barrisburg, $25; Chiques, $18.34; 

White Oak, $67.01, $ 


Norristown, $6.36; Myerstown, $4.62, 
Kansas— $75.43. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 




Christian Workers. 


Southwestern District, Individuals. 

1 A. C. Keller and wife, 

Indiana — $63.02. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

North Liberty, 

Class No. 4, English Prairie Sunday- 

Middle District, Individual. 

" K. K", 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Fairview, $7.50; Nettle Creek, 


Aid Society. 

White Branch, 




Lucy Harper, 

Ohio— $81 . 10. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 



Mary E. Ralston 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Owl Creek 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lower Miami, $14; Union City 
(Country), $5.5 2; Pleasant Valley, 
$8.48; Union City (Town), $8; West 
Dayton, $19; Lower Twin, $3.37; Pop- 
lar Ridge, $9.83, 


Hickory Grove, 

Washington — $45 . 70. 

North Yakima, 


North Yakima, 

Wenatchee Mission, 
































68 20 
2 50 

10 25 

15 35 
10 10 


Esther A. McDonald, $ 10 00 

North Dakota — $44.50. 

Golden Willow 17 50 


Zion 20 00 


John I. Clark 7 00 

Illinois — $59.70. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Cherry Grove, $30.66; Elgin, $2, ... 32 66 


Lanark, 21 04 

Christian Workers. 

Shannon 5 75 

Brethren Mission Fund. 

Mt. Morris 25 

Minnesota — $27.28. 

Hancock, 7 65 

Worthington Congregation and Sun- 
day-school, 16 53 

Morrill Sunday-school, 3 10 

Idaho — $25.00. 

Nezperce 25 00 

India— $19.72. 

Dahanu, $1.39; Jalalpor, $5; Bulsar, 

$10.33, 16 72 


Anklesvar 3 00 

Texas— $16.10. 

Bethel 3 40 


Portland 12 70 

Virginia — $12.60. 

First District, Sunday-school. 

Beaver Creek, 4 55 

Franklin Teacher Training Class, . 1 73 

Northern District, Individual. 

O. M. Kagey, 5 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Lower Union, 1 32 

Michigan — $10.51. 

Sugar Ridge, $7.13; Beaverton, $2.88, 10 01 


Geo. Stivers, 50 

Canada — $10.00. 

Battle Creek 10 00 

Wisconsin — $10.00. 

H. E. Stryker and Emma K. Stryker, 10 00 

Calif or nia— -$6. 00. 
Southern District. 

An individual, $5; Mrs. Chamberlin, 

$1, 6 00 

Oklahoma. — $3.00. 

An individual, 3 00 

Missouri — $2.57. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Nevada, eighty- two cents; Carthage, 

$1.25 2 07 

Christian Workers. 

Nevada, 50 

Oregon — $3.50. 

Alice Lewis, $2; Pearl Lewis,, 50 
cents; Audrey Lewis, 50 cents; Mrs. 

Elizabeth Workman, 50 cents, 3 50 

West Virginia — $2.00. 
First District, Individuals. 

Geo. T. and C. E. Leatherman 2 00 

Iowa — $2.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

North English, 2 00 

Colorado — $1.42. 

Sterling, 1 42 

Total for the month $ 66128 

Previously received, 3,680 88 

For the year so far $ 4,342 16 


The Missionary Visitor 

January I 


Indiana — $48.21. 

Northern District. 

Cedar Lake-Put Sunday-school, . .$ 
Middle District, Congregations. 

Ogans Creek, $4; Camden, $5, .... 

North Manchester, $4.80; Mexico, 


Aid Society. 


Southern District, Congregation. 

Union City, ' 


Rossville, $8.88; Four Mile, $10, ... 
Minnesota; — $30.74. 



Hancock, $3.50; Morrill, $3.40, 

Illinois — $24.68. 

Northern District. Sunday-schools. 

Cherry Grove, $6.04; Lanark, $10.05; 

Virden, $5, 

Christian Workers. 

Cherry Grove, 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Mulberry Grove, 

Christian Workers. 

Mulberry Grove, 

Kansas — $23.56. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 


Adult Department. 

Quinter Sunday-school, 

Primary Department. 

Quinter Sunday-school, 

Christian Workers. 


Northeastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Sabetha, $12; Appanoose, $3, 

Iowa — $18.58. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 


Middle District, Sunday-schools. 

Iowa River, $1.78; Garrison, $1.80, 

L. A. Walker 

Pennsylvania — $18.07. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

New Enterprise 

Christian Workers. 

Raven Run, 

Organized Bible Class. 

Raven Run Congregation, 

Southern District. 

Sunday-schools, $10; New Freedom 

S. S., Codorus Congregation, $1.35, . . 

Maryland — $16 . 00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 


Eastern District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek, 

Ohio — $15.45. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-schools. 

North Poplar Ridge, $4.25; South 

Poplar Ridge, $1, 


John A. Trackler ; 

Northeastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Springfield, $4.20; Sterling, $3, 

North Dakota — $6.36. 

Zion, ■. 

Tennessee — $6. CO, 

Meadow Branch, $4; Boones Creek, 


California — $5.67. 

Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

Inglewood, $1.25; Alamo, Imperial 

Valley Congregation, $4.42 • 

Michigan — $4.65. 

Saginaw, $2.50; Chippewa Creek, 

11 35 











Nebraska — $3.54. 

Octavia, i 75 

3 28 Christian Workers. 

Octavia 1 10 

9 00 Individual. 

Mrs. H. E. Rasp, 69 

Texas — $2.50. 


Bethel, 2 50 

Wisconsin — $1 .00. 

Chippewa Valley, 100 

Total for the month, $ • 225 01 

Previously received, 326 23 

For the year so far, $ 551 24 


"Washington — $22.50. 


A brother, $2.50; O. V. Sellers, $10; 

B. F. Lyon, $10, $ 22 50J 

Indiana — $7.50. 

John C. Reiff, $5; Leroy Fisher, 

$2.50 7 50 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Olive M. Nevin, 5 00 

Kansas — $3.00. 

C. O. Bogart, 3 00 

Illinois — $1.40. 
Brethren Mission Fund. 

Mt. Morris, l 40 

Indiana — $3.87. 

J. H. Fike, 3 87i 

Total for the month, $ 43 27 

Previously received, 538 60 

For the year so far, $ 581 87 

Cuba — $1.00. 

Unknown, $ 1 00 

Total for the month $ 100 

Previously received, 32 88 

For the year so far, $ 33 88 


Like a blind spinner in the sun, 

I tread my days; 
I know that all the threads will run 

Appointed ways. 
I know each day will bring its task, 
And, being blind, no more I ask. 

6 36 But listen, day by day, 

To hear their tread 
Who bear the finished web away 

6 00 And cut the thread, 

And bring God's message in the sun, 
Thou poor blind spinner, work is 

5 67 done. 

— Helen Hunt Jackson. 
4 65 Selected by Sister Mabel Goshorn. 






































Our Force of Foreign Workers 

(Mail addressed to them at the addresses given will reach them safely.) 


Arnold, S. Ira Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emraert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 3435 Van Buren St, Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Q. A., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Heisey, Herman B., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Heisey, Grace, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, John I Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J., ....Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A, Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J.,. Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M.' (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B. (on furlough), Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough), Mt. Vernon, Missouri 

Quinter, Mary N., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Royer, B. Mary Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ross, A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A J. Nickey 

Ross, Mrs A W. (on furlough), Kearney, Nebr., Care of A J. Nickey 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 


Blough, Anna M., Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Hilton, Geo. W Surrey, N. Dak. 

Hilton, Blanche C Surrey, N. Dak. 

Metzger, Minerva Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Wine, A F Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

•For India, we solicit donations for the following funds: General, Train- 
ing Department, Boarding-school, Orphanage, Native Workers, Native 
Schools, Widows' Home, Industrial, Loan Fund, and Hospital Fund. 

For China, we solicit donations for the following funds: General Work, 
Native Workers, Orphanage and Hospital. 

Supports of orphans, in India, $20 per year; in China, $22 per year. 

Native workers, in either field, $60 per year. 

Boarding-school scholars, in India, $25 per year. 

We shall be glad to correspond with any one with re- 
. spect to the support of our workers In each of the fields 



The time of year is here again for our churches to begin considering the 
advisability of organizing mission study classes. Though it may be early 
to organize yet it is for the wide awake pastor and elder to begin agitat- 
ing the matter. We desire this year to see more mission study classes or- 
ganized in our Brotherhood than in any year in the past. We believe that a 
bright, lively mission study class will assist in that problem that confronts our 
young people so often, of wondering how we shall spend our long winter 
evenings. We therefore recommend the following Text Books: 


To Christian Workers, Young People's Mission Bands, Study Classes, and 
all who wish to engage in Mission Study for the Coming Season. 

Uganda's White Man of Work. Sophia L. Fahs. 

This is a thrilling story of Alexander Mackay, of Africa, especially adapted 
for Boys and Girls. 

Winning the Oregon Country. John T. Faris. 

We would recommend this for those who wish to study the stirring events 
in the life of an Early Missionary Pioneer of the Northwest. 

Under Marching Orders. Ethel D. Hubbard. 

This book is a study of a lady missionary in China. It is especially written for 

Ann of Ava. Ethel Daniel Hubbard. 

A thrilling story from Burma, India, designed especially for older boys and 
girls of the Intermediate age. 

Servants of the King. Robert E. Speer. (Designed for the ages of 17 to 20.) 
This book consists of the biographies of eleven home and foreign mission- 
aries and is especially recommended. 

Foreign Fields 

Princely Men in the Heavenly Kingdom. Harlan P. Beach. 

Biographical sketches. Designed for a study of China. 
<Uplift of China. Arthur H. Smith. 

A comprehensive book well worth reading. 
The Emergency in China. F. L. Hawks Pott. 

An authoritative, recent book, designed especially for mission study class 

work. Students of the higher grade will appreciate this. 
India Awakening. G. Sherwood Eddy. 

A vital discussion of many of India's vital problems. 
The Christian Conquest of India. James M. Thoburn. (Cloth 25 cents; pa- 
per 15 cents.) 

A book worth studying, written by one who has had long years of service. 
The Moslem World. Samuel M. Zwemer. 

"Written by an authority on Moslem affairs and well worth careful study. 
Daybreak in the Dark Continent. Wilson S. Naylor. 

A comprehensive treatise on Africa. A special chapter on Livingstone has 

now been included. 


;jK£ Frontier. Ward Piatt. 

^ One of the best study books published on our country. 
Aliens dr Americans. Howard B. Grose. 

Worthy of the study of those interested in our slums, sweat shops, child 
-^ labor, irreligion and home missionary opportunity. 

£P Any" of these books can be m secured through the Brethren Publishing 
Housed 'Elgin, Illinois. Price (with one exception as noted above), Cloth 
50cl P-apeV 35c, Postage 8c extra. On many of these, booklets of helps for 
the t«aacher are available. When requested we shall include one of these 
herps free with each order of two or more books. 

Send in your orders early. Try and send for the books a little time before 
absolutely needing them. We shall be glad to correspond with any one oh 
this important subject. 

Elgin, Illinois 


A Testimony to the Power of Missions. Jesus Can Regenerate. 

Limbaji Sasane and family and mother-in-law. Once low 
caste, now faithful Christians, and at present in charge of the 
Pimpalner mission work, India. 

The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for February, 1914 


In Memoriam : Mary N. Quinter, 53 


He Careth for Us, By D. J. Lichty, 49 

The Work and Place of the Foreign Missionary, By I. S. Long, 50 

India Notes, By Alice K. Ebey, 54 

Open Letter Number Five, By Galen B. Royer, 57 

China in Miniature. — Part II, By Emma Horning, 62 

Some News for November, By F. H. C, 63 

The Ringing Bells, By Winnie E. Cripe, . .66 

The Christian's Relation to Foreign Missions, By David M. Adams, 66 

God's Call for Volunteers, By Pearl Grosh, 67 

Bible Memory and Devotional League, By S. N. McCann, 69 


" Scrouged Up Close," 74 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. __ _______ __ _._ _._ _—,-,_-_.—, 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscrip- 
tions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVI 

February, 1914 

Number 2 


D. J. Lichtv 

JESUS, before His crucifixion, fre- 
quently used to warn His disciples 
of the persecutions, dangers and 
personal inconveniences they in the fu- 
ture would have to endure for His sake. 
They were to go about their work fear- 
lessly, and with the confidence that He 
would be with them even to the end. 
In Second Corinthians 1 1 Paul illustrates 
how wonderfully this promise was ful- 
filled in his own life. Peter had similar 
experiences, from which he could write, 
§ Casting all your care upon Him ; for 
He careth for you" (1 Peter 5:7). 

The success of any good cause de- 
pends on the willingness of its advocates 
to brave dangers, to suffer and even to 
die in its behalf. When a man is will- 
ing to " suffer the loss of all things " 
for the " kingdom of heaven's sake " he 
inspires belief in his own sincerity as 
well as in the truthfulness of his mes- 
sage. More than this, he challenges the 
best that is in other men to espouse the 
same cause and joyfully to make a like 
sacrifice. Herein, to a great extent, lies 
the efficacy, of Christ's " ministry of rec- 
onciliation " and of all to whom He has 
given this ministry. 

Suffering in the interest of a good 
cause not only insures success, but pro- 
duces a wholesome effect on the worker. 
It chastens, humbles and incites to 
patience, tender-heartedness and sympa- 
thy for other sufferers. 

Christ's care for His own is promised 
on condition that they brave dangers and 

endure suffering while following the 
rugged path of duty, and not in the pur- 
suit of gold, of fame, of amusement, or 
idle curiosity. The history of modern 
missions, as well as of the earliest mis- 
sionary ventures, furnishes numerous 
examples of consecrated men, in the in- 
terests of the kingdom, fearlessly going 
into dangerous places where, if they had 
enlisted for any other purpose, they 
could not have survived. 

Christ's care for the faithful worker 
does not insure him against violent 
death, or what the world often counts 
as a " premature, earlier than necessary, 
death," but He does furnish him with 
the courage and joy to endure it. 
Though such laborers are dishonored, 
He causes them to be honored; though 
counted deceitful, they prove true. They 
are " unknown, and yet well known." 
" As dying," behold they live, and 
though chastised, yet are they not killed. 
Oft in sorrow, "yet always rejoicing"; 
poor though they be, they make many 
rich, and even in their poverty they 
possess all things. (See 2 Cor. 6: 8-10.) 

But on no account can death over- 
take a worker until his allotted labor is 
finished. The Jews could not touch 
Jesus until, in one of His last prayers, 
He tells the Father that He had finished 
the work for which He had been sent in- 
to the world. Paul was immune to 
death until he could say that he had 
fought a good fight and " finished the 
course " laid out for him. Stephen's 


The Missionary Visitor 


career, though much shorter than Paul's, 
was finished before the Lord allowed 
him to be stoned. And who can say that 
Stephen's shining and trustful counte- 
nance on that occasion was not the be- 
ginning of a great apostle's conversion? 
Christ's care for the worker does not 
supersede His care for the cause. There- 
fore, when a worker finishes that work 
for which he was sent, both for his sake 
and the work's sake he is removed from 
that work. It would be a pity to keep a 
man on a job after his task was finished. 
It would be more profitable to give him 
other work, and perhaps a promotion. 

This is just what Christ's care for His 
own means. It does not signify going 
on pension, nor a future life of idleness, 
as is many a good man's idea of heaven. 
A loafer on the streets of the New Je- 
rusalem would not feel much at home, 
nor would he likely find a mansion pre- 
pared for him there. 

Sometimes the worker, consciously or 
unconsciously, becomes so indispensable 
(?) to the cause that, for its good, an 
early removal is necessary, and the Lord 
knows how to do it in His own good way 
and time. 

Umalla, India. 


I . S. Lon 

IT seems to me the work and place 
of the missionary on the foreign 
field is not well understood — hence 
this article. 

Mission work these days is divided 
into evangelistic, educational, medical, 
industrial, etc., which words should lead 
one to suppose the several spheres of 
labor are different from each other. 

In general, the educational mission- 
ary's work is not to sit in school and 
teach all day unless, perchance, he is a 
teacher in some college. Rather, it is 
that of overseer of the various schools 
and teachers ; that of encouraging and 
inspiring the Indian teachers to more 
and better work. 

Our missionary who is supposed to 
teach our boys farming is not out with 
them in the fields all day. . He could 
not be, because of the fierceness of the 
sun. But he is with them sufficiently to 
show them, both by example and pre- 
cept, how to do. There is a midway 

man for the work in details and for 
momentary direct oversight. This same 
missionary, unfortunately, perhaps, is 
asked to be also pastor, evangelist and 
medical missionary. 

The writer is understood to be an 
evangelistic missionary. During oui 
first term in India there were several 
Indian helpers with me. With these, 
who might properly be called catechists, 
rather than preachers (for they are not 
installed in the regular way), I went and 
came often, making daily visits. Be- 
sides, we toured during the winter 
season, not returning to our bungalow 
for weeks at a time. Not having many 
men to teach or direct, I did much talk- 
ing directly to the people, a service that 
I liked and worked at with a will. 

Now, however, after more years of 
experience, and observation of others' 
work as well, I do not think the mis- 
sionary's duty is, in the main, preach- 
ing direct to the people ; for, seeing the 


The Missionary Visitor 


I. S. Long 1 and Worker, Beside a Fisher's House. 

people are so dull of understanding, and 
that between us and them is a wide 
Sfulf in every way, a native man on one- 
third or one-fourth our pay can preach 
quite as acceptably as, if not better than, 
we to this people. This is especially 
true, provided the missionary is present 
with the Indian agent to inspire him. 
If you call to mind that the educated 
man of the soil knows his people, their 
language, their idioms, their poetry, il- 
lustrations, songs, stories, etc., it should 
not sound strange that he is able to put 
truth perhaps more effectively than the 

What then is our work and place? In 
the writer's estimation it is that of di- 
recting, teaching in a general way the 
teachers, and inspiring the leaders who 
direct the rank and file of workers who 
are ever among the people. Govern- 
ments and all business concerns have 
officers and workmen of different grades, 
with different responsibilities ; so it 
would seem wise for us also to have 
something of the same plan. 

And that the Indian church may the 
sooner be able to stand upon its own 
feet, being independent, it would seem 

wisdom in this way to train men for 
responsibility and leadership. Men will 
develop as burdens are laid upon them. 

Different missions, being in different 
localities, necessarily work among dif- 
ferent castes. Each specific caste or 
class, though perhaps in the same general 
class, has its customs and likes and dis- 
likes. It follows, then, that workers 
brought up from among any class of 
natives are more effective for winning 
them than are those from without. For 
this reason successful missions have not 
a few boarding schools, and as many 
good village schools to feed these as 

I recall a station around which are 
thousands of Christians, among whom 
are many village schools. The work in 
this district is largely in the hands of 
one missionary and one excellent helper 
who is ever with him. There are mid- 
way men, overseers of subdistricts, how- 
ever; and in the central station, in the 
charge of another missionary, are a 
boarding school, a normal school and a 
Bible school. These two missionaries, 
with ten thousand Christians to watch 
over and feed spiritually, with a host of 


The Missionary Visitor 

workers to superintend, and with 
a large number of intelligent boys 
and girls developing into splendid 
Christians, furnish to me a very 
good sample of what we might 
well do, and afford, also, an ex- 
ample of two undertakings worthy 
of any missionary. Such work in 
such surroundings with such a 
prospect makes life well worth 
living — worth while for a man to 
leave home and country for Jesus' 
sake. They are not only doing 
something now, but getting ready 
for that which is greater in the 

Does it not seem to you that the 
missionary will count for more, the 
work spread far faster and more 
effectually and at the same time 
be less expensive in this w&y^than if 
the missionary tries with but sev- 
eral helpers to do the work direct- 
ly? I have seen and know much 
of a mission where the Indian 
agents are not even double the foreign 
missionaries ; and as for results I know 
of no other mission with as little to show, 
in proportion to the effort, time, expense 
and life expended. 

Let the Brethren not be deceived into 
thinking that when the missionaries are 
supported, we are doing all that should 
be expected of us. No ! no ! In order 
to raise a corps of workers quickly, to 
get the efforts started soon and ad- 
equately, in order to be ready for the 
flood of blessing surely coming upon us 
in answer to our prayers and your 
prayers, each missionary might eventu- 
ally spend ten times his own support in 
the work. Let our motto be, " A few 
missions and these well supported ! " 

In view of what is being transacted 
before our eyes, here in our own field, 
not to say anything of far greater bless- 
ing in other missions of which we read, 
we need to get ready for a great work by 
opening schools — schools in the villages 

Ratnaker Govind and Wife and Best Pupil. Eliils by 

Caste, Now Faithful Christians. Teacher 

of Sakapur School, Pimpalner. 

and boarding schools at the several sta-j 
tions — that an army of laborers may be| 
ready and trained when the harvest is 
ripe. This will cost, certainly; else, like! 
other missionaries,' whose prayers for 
the last half century, on being answered,', 
cause them not " overweights of joy,'i 
as one would suppose, but rather agony 
of soul because their funds and limited 
number of teachers will allow them to 
receive into the church only a small part 
of the host that is pressing forward for 
baptism and teaching. 

Think of it ! People can not even be^j 
baptized because they can not be shep- 
herded ! No shepherds in sight and no 
funds for their support if they were! 
Jesus is the " Desire of all nations " and 
" The Light of the world," and yet He] 
can not be to so very many, merely be-j 
cause the church is not ready. Shall we 
not learn from the experiences, bitter as 
they are, of other missions and churches ? 
Oh, may we, for His name's sake ! 




Mary N. Quinter, daughter of James M. and Fanny J. Quinter, was born 
January 21, 1863, near Troy, Ohio, and died in a hospital in India. January 14, 

After a few years in Ohio, with her parents she moved to Pennsylvania. 
Her education was received in public school, later at Juniata College and then 
in Swarthmore College. After spending some time as school teacher she be- 
came assistant Librarian at Juniata, which position she held until 1902. 

In 1891 she published a biography of her father, entitled, " Quinter's Life 
and Sermons." 

In 1903 she went out to India as a Herald of the Cross and has seen con- 
tinuous service there excepting for the year 1910 spent on furlough in Amer- 
ica. From its beginning until her death she has had charge of the India 
Widows' Home at Jalalpor. 

When Sister Mary went out to India she wrote, " More and more glad am 
I as the work comes nearer. What have I done to deserve so great a bless- 
ing? " She had expressed herself on one occasion as hoping that she might be 
spared another voyage to America. Her wish has been granted and her last 
voyage taken. 

The General Mission Board deeply appreciates Sister Quinter's willing 
sacrifice for the sake of the foreign field. Her life, to them, has been an 
inspiration. The home church is her debtor. Her loving disposition and quiet 
Christian life, along with her intense love for the heathen and anxiety for 
their welfare, has inscribed her name indelibly on the tablets of their hearts. 
Her death on their shores will only reveal to them more clearly her spirit of 
unselfish love. The missionaries loved her as a sister and feel her departure 
with that keenness and sorrow that is prompted only by the loss of a dearest 
friend. The mission field could not afford to lose her, but God could not spare 
her longer from the work that He has for her to do in her home above. 

Who shall go forth to labor in the place now vacant is a question that we 
are praying will find its solution in the consecrated answer of some devoted 


The Missionary Visitor 



Alice K. Ebey 

" Neither will I offer burnt offerings unto 
the Lord of that which doth cost me noth- 
ing" (2 Sam. 24: 24). 

WE need more of this spirit of 
David in these days of seeking 
easy ways to serve the Lord. 
We are eager to serve the Lord, but 
slow to pay the price. We are prone 
to shirk hard tasks and the things that 
cost. How the human heart shrinks 
from the pain of giving up selfish de- 
sires, even for Christ ! But the servant 
of God, who gives without stint or 
measure of his money, his time, his 
talents and his love, is the one most 
precious in the sight of the Lord. 

The new missionaries are to reach 
Bombay tomorrow evening, Dec. 6. We 
hail these new workers with joy and 
bid them a most hearty welcome. Daily 
many prayers ascend for their safety 
and protection along the way. May the 
Lord prepare their hearts and minds and 
bodies for their share of labor and re- 
sponsibility that awaits them here. 

We praise God for the restoration to 
health of Bro. Lichty, who is planning 
to return to his work in a few days. 
Sister Holsopple is recovering from an 
attack of malaria. She spent a few 
days in the hospital, but from latest re- 
ports she will soon be well. The cool 
season has come and we hope it may 
bring new strength and vigor to all. 

A wedding took place in the mission 
home at Karadoho Wednesday evening, 
Dec. 3. The bride is the daughter of 
one of our mission workers. Both bride 
and groom are well educated in Marathi 
and English. The ceremony was partly 
performed in English, at their request. 
Christians and non-Christians gathered 
to witness the ceremony. An explanation 
of the meaning of Christian marriage 
was given in Marathi, followed by 
prayer in Marathi. Later in the evening 

all the Christians had a wedding supper 
together, which was much simpler than 
most wedding suppers in America. A 
single dish of rice and meat, which is 
called palou, and a few sliced onions 
were served to all the guests, who sat 
on the floor and ate with their fingers. 
But there was good fellowship and 
mutual rejoicing. May this Christian 
couple let the light of Christ shine forth 
from their newly-established home! 
The Christian homes are the strength 
and hope of the church in India. 

The first term of six months of the 
Bible Teachers' Training School at Bul- 
sar closed Nov. 29. There were twenty- 
two students who took the final exami- 
nation. The examination committee 
has not yet announced results, but we 
hope the majority will be able to pass 
into the second year's work. At present 
the students are at different places, 
where they are to push the evangelistic 
work during their vacation of six 
months. Bro. Blough has been doing a 
good work among these young people, 
striving most earnestly to impart to 
them not only a knowledge of the Word, 
but to inspire them with the real spirit 
of the Gospel. 

The household of Bro. Nimbaji S. Pa- 
dale has been sorely stricken. There are 
two brothers and a sister who live in a 
joint family, according to the old Indian 
custom. The brothers lost their wives 
and the sister her husband, and each a 
little child within the year — six deaths. 
Manjulabai, the wife of the younger 
brother, passed away Nov. 17, very sud- 
denly, after but a few days' fever, leav- 
ing two sons, one aged two years and 
the other aged a month. Four days 
later the older boy followed his mother. 
Pray for the stricken family, that these 
sore trials may make their fajth if] 


The Missionary Visitor 


Christ to abound more and more richly. 
The Prakash Pattra, our own Gujara- 
i monthly paper, offered a Bible eon- 
est of sixty questions, ten being given 
;ach month for six successive months. 
|pne hundred and fifty-eight entered the 
•ontest with much interest and ready to 
l.vork hard. No one received first prize 
||)f six rupees (two dollars), which was 
)ffered to the one giving the best set 
)f answers to fifty-six or more ques- 
tions. Daud Prema won second prize, 
|:hree rupees (one dollar), having an- 
swered fifty-four and one-half questions 
( i:orrectly. He is the Bulsar boy who has 
[j'eceived several of the All-India Sun- 
iiay-school Union medals. Eighty-seven 
Dthers received minimum prizes, having 
jiven correctly forty-six or more an- 
;wers. Indian Christians find much de- 
light in searching the Scriptures, and 
missionaries desire greatly to encourage 
Bible study. 

A conference for all missionaries in 
vVestern India was held in Bombay Nov. 
17. This conference is an outgrowth of 
:he Continuation Committee of the Ed- 
nburgh World Missionary Conference, 
which last year sent Dr. Mott to meet 
eading missionaries of India. The con- 
ference was convened at this time to 
fulfil the request of Sir Andrew Frazer, 
:hairman of the Continuation Commit- 
:ee on Education, who asked for the 
)est available advice from workers in 
the Bombay Presidency on the two ques- 
tions — (1) "What is the most suitable 
curriculum for Indian Girls' School?" 
;|and (2) " How shall we secure closer 
adaptation of village education to the 
factual needs of the people, especially by 
giving a larger place to industrial and 
manual training?" Both these ques- 
tions were ably discussed by the mis- 
sionaries present. 

[The following notes from India should 
have appeared in the January Visitor, but 
were unintentionally omitted.] 

In these days of so much self-seeking 

there is danger of overlooking this 
deeply significant law of Christian dis- 
cipleship. Men are seeking life. Busi- 
ness success, social destinction, political 
fame lure men onward in pursuit of 
life. But he that findeth his life shall 
lose it. It is the men who are willing 
to lose their lives, to sacrifice and to 
suffer for Christ, who are doing the 
things worth while. 

At present India is in sore need of 
recruits, China, with her open door is 
calling for helpers, and the homeland, 
in both city and country, asks for con- 
secrated workers. Surely this is a time 
to send broadcast the clarion call for dis- 
ciples who are willing to take up the 
cross and follow Him. When the mind 
of Christ really dwells in us it will not 
seem so hard to be hidden away from the 
gaze of the world and the applause of 
men. It will be a joy to work for the 
Lord, even in some far-away, unknown 
corner of the world. 

Larger salaries, more honor and better 
assurances for old-age pensions are 
sometimes named as remedies for the 
scarcity of workers. Perhaps money 
and honor and comfort might attract 
some, but the Lord wants workers who 
are willing to leave all and follow Him. 
True, the church should support the 
workers, but Paul was not hindered by 
the church's slackness in giving. Often 
he worked with his own hands, press- 
ing on and saying, " Woe is me if I 
preach not the Gospel." 

Let us take up the cross, not with 
murmur ings, but with joy, and hasten 
with the Gospel to India, to China, to 
the needy places in America — yea, to 
every corner of the earth. When we 
are once willing to lose our life for 
Christ's sake and the Gospel's, we shall 
find it in such abundance that we shall 
wonder why we halted when He bade 
us take up the cross ! 

Brother and Sister Lichty are now 
enjoying the pure, cool air of Nasik, 


The Missionary Visitor 


where they expect to remain until Bro. 
Lichty regains his strength. He is im- 
proving day by day and hopes to be 
able to take up his mission duties by the 
first of January. In the meantime Sister 
Eliza B. Miller and Sister Olive Wid- 
dowson are keeping the work at Vali. 

Sister Ida C. Himmelsbaugh, while on 
her way to a village, fell from her horse 
and injured her arm. The injury has 
been quite painful and has kept her at 
home for several weeks, but at last re- 
ports it was improving and she hopes 
soon to be able to push out in the work 
among the village people. 

Brother and Sister Stover are now 
settled in their old home at Anklesvar, 
where they are again in charge of the 
work. They report a most pleasant and 
restful voyage. On Saturday, Nov. 1, 
scores of Christians from the various 
villages had gathered at the Anklesvar 
station to bid them welcome, and to 
conduct them to the mission house, with 
music and- songs of praise. That even- 
ing missionaries and Indian Christians 
partook of a common meal in the open 
air. Afterward followed a prolonged 
service of song and prayer and address- 
es of welcome. The next morning Bro. 
Stover preached to them and they re- 
turned to their homes with praise and 
gladness in their hearts. May the Lord 
use our dear brother and sister more 
and more among these poor, downtrod- 
den Bhil people during their third term 
of service in India! 

Brother and Sister Holsopple are now 
located at Bulsar, to help in the work at 

that place. A few months ago, by some 
mistake, the Visitor notes said they ha( 
gone for a rest at Panchgani. The 
have been at their post at Anklesvar, anc 
were busy with mission work and Ian 
guage study. 

Miss Gulabai J. Vakil, an educate< 
Parsi lady of Bombay, openly confesse< 
Christ in baptism last month. Parsi con 
verts thus far have been few. Thougl 
the wealthiest and most advanced com 
munity "in Western India, they hav< 
stood aloof from Christ, deeming thei 
own exclusive religious system of Zo 
roastrianism quite sufficient for them 
selves. Gulabai came out boldly in pub 
lie baptism, in spite of great oppositioi 
from her o priests and friends. She evei 
informed the Parsi high priest of he 
intention, setting forth clear reasons wh; 
she was becoming a Christian, and ex 
pressing the hope that all her peopl 
would follow her example. 

The Hindu Raja of Ellore, in Madra 
Presidency, has published, at his own ex 
pense, his own poetical reproduction o 
the Gospel of Matthew. It is writte 
in the polished style of Telugu verse 
He is not a Christian, but expresses 
deep admiration for the Christ of Whor 
the New Testament tells. He feels tha 
there must be something truly goo* 
about the religion which prompts med 
ical missionaries to leave the comfort 
of their far-away homeland and come 1 
help the sick and suffering of India 
This Gospel has been put out with th 
expressed hope that educated Indian 
may read of Christ. 

Vyara Schoolboys Catting 1 Grain, India. 




The Missionary Visitor 


The Mission Party Coming- Into Ping 1 Ting 1 Chou. 
The schoolboys came part way to the station to meet them. 


)ear Henry: 

Nov. 2 Bro. Early and I arrived at 

lis place with the mission party; Dec. 

we expect to leave it for India. That 

leans that we have been thirty days in 

: he Shansi Province. In that time we 

'. [ pent eleven days at this place, nine days 

jt Liao Chou, the other of our stations, 

"''wo days at Taiku Hsien, a station of 

f he American Board, and the balance of 

he time on the road between these' 


1 The province is 
"hina. Some of 

one of the oldest in 

the places in which 

" ve have been stopping have authentic 

\: listory going back as far as Abraham's 

ime, and a traditional history farther 

han that. No wonder that everything 

" .bout us has the impression of being 

loary with age ! Those very conditions 

.re here. One sees them in the road- 

vays that are cut deep in the level of 

he plain. 

We were coming into a village where 
ve were to stay all night, the night be- 
bre we reach Taiku Hsien. It was 
oo late in the evening to take a picture, 
mt our party, Brethren Early, Bright, 
Brubaker and myself, being cold, had 
eft our donkeys and climbed up the 

sides of the road to walk in the path 
along the edge of the field. The don- 
keys were in the road, easily twenty 
feet below us. I shall not forget an 
incident there. I dashed around our 
party, to be ahead and walk a little fast- 
er, even though I had been walking 
much that day. Brethren Bright and 
Brubaker took that as a banter for a 
race, and we three boys started on a 
run. The donkeys were soon left in the 
rear; the Chinamen laughed loud and 
heartily, and in a short while we were 
all puffing, while our blood was tingling 
in our finger tips. The Chinaman, even 
if he is a heathen, enjoys fun. I took 
a whip and gently tapped one of the 
muleteers, and said " Da, da," their 
word in urging a donkey, and while I 
could not speak to explain myself he 
understood and enjoyed the sport. 

Yes, Henry, I am in the midst of the 
real article, the " heathen Chinee," and 
yet I am not out of the world, I find. 
It is a country with hills and mountains, 
some places most beautiful. The other 
week we followed a river from its spring 
source in the pass in the mountains 
down into the plain. It was an all-day 
job, but how that stream grew and how 


The Missionary Visitor 


beautiful was the water as it descended 
over rocks, dashing here and there in 
snowy splendor, making all sorts of 
fancy colors in the sunshine, and thus 
hastening on to the sea ! At noon I sat 
on a log by the side of a waterfall read- 
ing and thinking all by myself. My soul 
was enwrapped by the beauty about me, 
and I just felt that if the Father in 
heaven had not been revealed to me I 

The Chinese till the soil more econom 
ically than we do. They are a rugge 
race; their heads show promise of fi 
development; they are mild and peac 
able, and one need not feel afraid whe 
among them, either by day or by night 

Of course, the ways of the Chinam 
are different from ours. The avera ; 
home is a dingy, smoky, dirty plac 
from our standards, but perhaps the 

New Mission Party Going from Tien Tsin to Ping Ting 1 Chou. 

Located in the baggage car next to the engine. No heat. No windows. 
Truly third class. 

surely should be a nature worshiper in 
this place. But how much better to see 
God's loving hand in the beauties of this 
earth ! How beautiful must this land 
be when flowers are in bloom, the grass 
plots green, and mountainside and dale 
resplendent in nature's living colors ! 

Not only am I on the earth yet when 
in China — some people seem to talk as 
though they thought this country was off 
the earth — but I am among people, and 
countless millions of them. They have 
homes, such as they are ; they have chil- 
dren, who laugh and cry just like Ameri- 
can children ; cats and dogs and mock- 
ing birds, — oh, these mocking birds ! 
Were I coming direct home I should buy 
two in these quaint Chinese cages 
and take them home — one for you and 
one for me. 

largest difference is that we take our 
■" dirt " in other forms which we call 
clean. (I am not converted to the China- 
man's method yet, understand.) Their 
brick beds are warmed by fire in them — 
an economical way of keeping warm. 
They put on their quilted suits in the 
fall and do not take them off till spring. 
Though of course there is accumulated 
an indescribable odor, this custom keeps 
down the laundry bill and saves the 
clothing from being worn out on the 

Their food does not consist of rats 
and such things, even if they do relish 
the root of the Chinese lily and like deli- 
cacies. With our party I tried a real 
Chinese feast the other day, at which 
thirty-two courses were served, and had 


The Missionary Visitor 


Standing 1 by the Grave of B. P. Heckman. 

They had just closed a season of prayer. Beginning' at left, Galen B. 
Royer, Mrs. Minnie Bright, Ernest Vaniman and wife, Cora Brubaker, 
Anna Blough, Mrs. Crumpacker, Minerva Metzger, Mrs. Rebecca Wampler, 
Dr. Wampler, Dr. Brubaker and Edith in front, F. H. Crumpacker and 
Frantz in front, Leland Brubaker, H. C. Early, Esther and Homer Bright. 

a chance to sample until I was more than 
full, for want of appetite rather than a 
disposition to gorge myself. Each 
course consisted of a bowlful of some 
kind of Chinese food for six. With 
porcelain spoons and chopsticks we all 
dipped into the same bowl, the aim be- 
ing that we should not eat more than 
one or two spoonfuls of each course. 
It was a real feast for the Chinese, both 
from a food standpoint and from the 
lack of relish with which we took to 
things; it was a feast (?) for several 
of us Americans who did not have " cul- 
tivated tastes." 

In the midst of the purest heathen 
beliefs are our missions situated. It is 
hard to comprehend the locations. 
There is Liao Chou, three- days from 
this station, and it is not possible to 
make the time shorter unless by special 
courier. Sisters Bright and Brubaker, 
with their children, remained at Liao 
Chou, the only white people in the city, 
while their husbands and the single sis- 
ters came north to a conference here, 
for two weeks. There are no telegraph 
nor telephone connections, no help 
closer than three days away and three 

days to return. Yet when I gave those 
sisters good-bye the other morning, just 
before their husbands did likewise, a 
smile played around their mouths and 
I turned to hide my tears while think- 
ing of their heroism. 

The Lord has wrought wondrously 
in our work here. Ping Ting Chou is 
splendidly developed and has a member- 

On the Road to Liao Chou. 

Bro. Bright riding the white mule. 
Note how deeply the road cuts into the 
level earth. 


The Missionary Visitor 


ship of twenty-five natives. Liao Chou 
is not two years old, and yet there is a 
native church of seven members; a na- 
tive school with some twenty-three stu- 
dents, and the larger number of them 
look as bright and promising as any 
group of children of that age in the 
States. I listened to Anna Hutchison 
as she taught them the Sunday-school 
lesson the other Sunday morning. 1 
sat facing those twenty-three boys and 
watched their attention, heard her talk, 
ask questions, and saw their eyes sparkle 
as they answered. As I looked on, my 
mind went back to where I met Sister 
Anna first, as a teacher in Union Bridge 
College, in Maryland. I said to myself, 
" Sister Anna has found her life as Jesus 
promised we should." Had she re- 
mained . in Maryland, splendid as her 
service was there, she would have saved 
her life to her relatives and many dear 
friends, and would have accomplished 
the average good done amidst the elbow- 
ing of listless, doless Christians, who 
make all too full the home base and want 
some one else to do their work, but 
would have lost her real opportunity of 
service. As it is she lost her life — shall 
I say her lower self of satisfaction with 
dear ones? — to find that better life of 
service amidst a people who' appreciate 
the gospel message and are glad for this 
eleventh-hour opportunity of hearing it. 
And what I say of Sister Anna I say 

Poor Woman and Child. 
Ill clad for a freezing day. 

of all on the field. This is the field of 
Christian opportunity. I think of Elgin, 
for instance, as typical of the home base, 
with its many churches and often empty 
pews ; with its large list of people whose 
names are on the church book, but who 
let years come and go and never speak 
a word for Christ. Many organizations 
with their denominational differences 
are maintained in all their " weak 

J. Homer Bright Baptizing Chang Teng San, His Cook, Along with Five 

Other Men. 


The Missionary Visitor 


strength," with the discord even some- 
ji times within each denominational fold. 
1 1 contrast all that energy, spent within 
-I those narrow confines to so little pur- 
, > pose, apparently, with the broad oppor- 
1 tunities in such a field as this, where 
I each worker has as his portion hundreds 
'of thousands, where denominational 
| clashes are practically unknown, for the 
hj organizations are days apart, and I say 
I to myself, " This is the place of Chris- 
tian opportunity." 

Then I look home again and I see 
every family in our land within easy ac- 
: cess of the Bible, if it wants it. Here 
I are the countless millions who do not 
I know there is a Bible. Many have never 
i seen a white face, and what an oppor- 
| tunity to take the Word to such ignorant 
ones ! And then I look home again, and 
Imy heart swells with joy as I think of 
I our blessed country of liberty, and with 
: pride do we point to two centuries ago, 
when our fathers struggled for the in- 
dependence we now enjoy. What is- 
sues were at stake for the world in 
'' I those days ! Little did those in the con- 
\ flict realize that they were struggling for 
^ jl principles which, two centuries later, 
e | would become the example and inspira- 
i tion of a nation over four thousand 
years old. 

I cannot help but think of the noble 
,, feeling that stirred the breast of La 
Fayette when he threw his life and 
fortunes into our struggle for independ- 
ence, and something akin to that stirs 
in my breast ; for here again is the field 
of opportunity. And he who comes to 
this broad land enters upon a great serv- 
ice, giving his life for the establishment 
of freedom, purity, and Christianity as 
the church can bring them to this people. 
The silent witness of a century of Chris- 
tian progress in this land, which has 
broken down the Chinese walls of se- 
clusion and thrown this empire open to 
the world, the blood of martyrs whose 
voice cries from the ground, all speak 

out in loudest terms to every Christian 
young man and woman in America, 
" This is a land of Christian oppor- 

If one dare judge from the temples 
that we have been permitted to visit in 
Shansi, idolatry is greatly neglected and 
rapidly declining. But there is nothing 
to take its place, save pure unbelief in 
anything. How strategic, then, is the 
opportunity for Christianity to occupy ! 
Every missionary on the field, no matter 
what organization is his, feels that the 
chance to save China for Christ is now, 
when government, social and religious 
conditions are SO' opportune for giving 
the Message. I understand the mission- 
aries here have forwarded a request for 
eleven workers for this field, to be sent 
out in 1914. That means opportunity 
for eleven to find their life on this field, 
and the Brotherhood to do their part in 
making it possible to go. Where is the 
one who" will write to the office and say, 
" Here am I ; send me, send me " ? 

I must add just one more thought, 
Henry, though I know my letter is long 
enough to weary you. So urgent is the 
need for effort here that not one of our 
missionaries has had a fair chance to 
master the language. Of course, every 
one of them is still studying, and all are 
doing well. 

I must close. Next Monday Bro. 
Early and I start on the trip to India. 
It will take us a month at least. How 1 
dislike the long days of travel, travel, 
travel, so tedious and tasteless when they 
are prolonged as necessity compels ! 
The only compensation is in the service 
that is appreciated thus far when we 
have found those whom we came to 
help and to serve. I am well. Many 
undeserved blessings fall to my lot on 
the journey, and by living day by day 
I am getting along splendidly. I often 
think of you. Fraternally, 

Galen B. Royer. 
Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China, Nov. 28. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Emma Horning 

Part II. 

BUT why have these walled cit- 
ies in China? Why not have dec- 
orated show windows on the 
streets? Why live in such close 
courts? Why not live in country 
homes, using God's pure air and in- 
spiring scenery? Why have such a 
nation of cripples, when God has made 
them strong? It is all because of hea- 
then conditions, customs and habits. 
War between clans and tribes made it 
necessary that all cities have walls for 
protection. The name of Ping Ting 
Chou means " City of Sure Peace," and 
she has had peace for so many years 
that her wall is broken in many places 
and no attempt is being made to repair 
it. Thieves and robbers are so com- 
mon that merchants do not display 
their valuable goods to tempt them to 
break in at night and steal. 

The pawnshops of China contain 
much of her wealth ; therefore they are 
barred and guarded, much like our pris- 
ons. For the same reason of protection 
their houses are packed close together. 
No one thinks of living in separate 
country homes. Woman must live in 
these courts because of immoral con- 
ditions and because of her lack of 
training. She is like a child, not know- 
ing how to behave in public ; or this, 
at least, is the general belief. Her 
feet must be bound, or she will not be 
respected but will be classed with the 
beggar women and slave girls. She 
cannot marry into a respectable home 
with natural feet, but the smaller her 
feet the more honorable a family she 
may enter. 

Yes, poor cramped, crushed and 
broken womanhood of China ! The 
hand that rears the children rules the 

nation, so how can we really expect 
great things of China till her women 
are set at liberty in every true sense, 
body, mind and soul? 

Where is their hope? Jesus says: 
" He sent Me to proclaim release to the 
captives, and recovery of sight to the 
blind, to set at liberty them that are 
bruised." We, as missionaries, are His 
ambassadors, so this is our message — 
a message of love and liberty. Our 
opium refuges help to break the fetters 
which bind them to the dreadful habit 
which robs them of mind and soul. 
They live with us a month during the 
cure and are taught the principles of 
the Gospel, especially the power of 
prayer, thereby enabling them to over- 
come their difficulties at all times. 
These make some of our best inquirers 
after they have received a taste of the 
love and power of God. 

The schools unfold their dwarfed 
minds. The small • children are as 
bright as any children, but their devel- 
opment practically ceases at such an 
early age, because of their cramped 
lives, making them often very timid 
and stupid. Here not only are their 
minds developed, but their feet also,! 
for as soon as they go to school they J 
are so much respected that they may 
unbind their feet and still hold their 
position in society. As soon as they 
become Christians they are also ex- 
pected to unbind their feet. In fact 
no girl is allowed to enter a govern- 
ment school unless she unbinds her 
feet. Thus in education is the curing 
of a nation of cripples. In the coast 
cities they are breaking away from this 
crude custom, but in the interior the 


The Missionary Visitor 


reform has scarcely begun, except at 
the mission stations. 

The medical work gives a practical 
demonstration of our love to them. 
Homes open to us by this means that 
would not open otherwise. They us- 
ually want us to pray to our God to 
heal them, thus giving us a direct 
means of teaching them our wonderful 
message. In this way we have prayer 
in their homes the first time we enter. 

Visiting in the homes with Bible pic- 
tures gives us a chance to tell the sweet 
story the first time we enter a home. 
When they visit us they never leave 
till we have shown them Bible charts 
and pictures, giving them the message. 
Whenever we go walking or riding we 
take tracts with us to give to those we 
meet, so every one will have a chance 
to know our work and mission of love. 
The men make extended tours through 
the cities and villages, giving tracts, 
selling Bibles and preaching on the 
streets every place they go. 

On Sunday afternoon, after the wom- 
en's Bible class, we sit around the table 
drinking tea. It is then so satisfying 
to hear them talk over their problems 
and see their minds unfolding. Thus 
we know the good seed is growing. 
They talk about unbinding their feet 
and of sending their girls to school. 
They discuss the difference between 
their poor, lazy, indifferent lives and 
our active lives of helpfulness. 

Yes, a missionary has a great reward 

every day in seeing the light break 
through these dark walls of ignorance 
and idolatry. At times we seem 
crushed by the dark walls, the great 
problems, the overwhelming difficul- 
ties, and the isolation from friends and 
congenial association ; but in it we have 
that peace which passeth understand- 
ing; that joy that comes only by mak- 
ing others happy. If we had no other 
reward we would feel repaid by the 
growth of the light in their faces from 
heathen darkness to the wonderful 
light of the Gospel. 

The hardest thing for us to endure 
is to wait God's own time and means 
of giving the light to these benighted 
people. We see the great need and 
know what the Gospel will do for 
them. We long to form a great com- 
pany and march around the city as the 
children of Israel did, to blow the 
trumpet and shout the shout of victory, 
to see the walls fall and the city taken 
in a day. But this is not God's plan 
of victory for Ping Ting Chou or any 
other city of China. It will take years 
of work, years of waiting, and years ot 
prayer. It will take thousands of dol- 
lars to build our homes, schools and 
hospitals. It will take the daily life- 
blood of many men and women. It 
may take the life of another Bro. Heck- 
man. But the victory is sure. It is 
His own work and He will give the vic- 
tory. " And this is the victory over 
the world, even our faith." 


F. H. C. 

FOR some time it has been the wish 
of the new government in China 
that there should be a change made 
in the names of a number of the cities 
of the republic. Names that heretofore 
ended in " Chou " or " Chow " have now 
been changed so that they will uniform- 

ly end in " Hsien." So the town of Liao 
Chou will be known from now hence- 
forth as Liao Hsien. The town of Ping 
Ting Chou will be known as Ping Ting 
Hsien. This is true of all China. It 
need not be said that this change is very 


The Missionary Visitor 


hard to< become accustomed to, but we 
will gradually come to it. 

November has been a busy month 
with us, made so by the visit of our 
brethren, representatives of the Board, 
and the coming of the new mission- 
aries — all of which has been very pleas- 
ant. We were and still are only too 
sorry to see the brethren leave us so 
soon. They spent only five weeks on 
Chinese soil, including traveling in and 
out from our stations to the coast. I 
think I can voice the sentiment of our 
entire mission when I say the visit was 
too short for them to get anything like 
an idea of the needs of China, let alone 
saying they have become familiar with 
mission methods and problems. We are 
not complaining, but I think the Board 
will find that these brethren cannot serve 
the home church as they could, had they 
stayed on the field at least six months. 
Our own field was hurriedly seen in part, 
an,d we missionaries were helped won- 
derfully by their brief stay. Some prob- 
lems were discussed that really will be 
helpful to us in the future. So' we can 
only say that we are so glad for their 
coming, and can pray that, though the 
stay was too short, they can be wonder- 
fully used of God on the home base. 
May God protect and bless them all the 
way and when they return. 

In the political field China seems to 
be finding herself. Yuan, the president, 
has fallen out with his country's parlia- 
ment, and so he has dissolved the parlia- 
ment and has asked that a parliament 
with fewer members be formed. The 
enemies of Yuan are thoroughly aroused 
over this, and one can scarcely tell what 
will be the outcome. When the new 
government came into power an edict 
was issued that all officials of any stand- 
ing should be natives of the place where 
they held office. Lately the president 
has revised this, and now these officials 
can not hold office in their native prov- 

There has been a good bit of trouble 
in the Peking University. So the man- 
agers are planning to move their center 
of work to Tientsin, where they think 
the affairs will run more smoothly. 
They have not yet erected buildings to 
any extent, for the effort at having a 
university has been in the nature of an 
experiment. The educators are hoping 
for better days for the university. 

In the Honan Province the bandits 
have made a start, and at a late writing 
were holding several foreigners in hiding 
for a ransom. The government is mak- 
ing every effort to release the foreigners 
and to punish the bandits. 

The athletic meet in Peking a few 
days ago was a great success, for the 
Chinese carried off the prizes from the 
American and other foreign soldiers who 
entered the contest. These Chinese 
athletes were from the Ching Hwa Col- 
lege, just outside Peking. This college 
is built and controlled with funds that 
the United States Government returned 
to China. It is known as the Boxer in- 
demnity money. The athletes were 
coached by an American, and it speaks 
well for the Chinese boys, for some of 
the records made are not at all bad. 

Recently there was published an edict 
that is leading toward compulsory ed- 
ucation. The boys are to be in school 
at least eight years. We who are on 
the field hope that such a law may quick- 
ly be enforced. If so it will help to 
realize the wish of the minister of ed- 
ucation, that all child marriages be for- 

Confucianists are working very hard 
to get Confucianism established as the 
state religion. The people at Peking are 
inclined to allow the ethics of Confucius 
to be a guide in law making and ruling 
the country, but so far.are not persuaded 
to proclaim it the state religion. 

The constitution committee is having 
a difficult time in getting a quorum to- 
gether, so the president has called on 


The Missionary Visitor 


the provincial governments to send two 
representatives to Peking- from each 
province, who shall act as a constitution 
committee to complete the work of the 
old committee. This committee's find- 
ings will be adopted later by the assem- 

Our brethren and sisters from Liao 
Hsien, who were at the conference with 
us at Ping Ting, at the call of the repre- 
sentatives of the Board, had an unusual- 
ly difficult time in going home. The 
day they started it was snowing and 
this continued nearly all day. It made 
the roads rather slippery. Travel was 
slow and they came to the inn late in 
the evening. During the night Sisters 
Cripe and Hutchison inhaled too much 
gas from the Chinese fire and were very 
sick for a while. Then, on the second 
day, they were not feeling well, and this 
was the time to go over the hardest part 
of the road. The Lord gave strength, 
and late in the day they reached the end 
of the second stage. A cold, restless 
night, and they were off for the last 
day's pull over the mountains. While 
walking ahead of the packs, the four 

foreigners left the main road and, as 
we say, " got lost from the pack." 
About two o'clock they came up to the 
inn at the half-way place. The ladies 
were nearly exhausted, but after a rest 
on a warm kang (a Chinese brick bed), 
they started on. Sister Cripe had 
sprained her ankle somewhere on the 
trip, and riding was painful, so she was 
compelled to walk a good part of the 
remaining distance, which was in a river 
bed, about twelve miles long. Late in 
the night all came safely home. God 
brought them through safely. This trip 
is not an easy one under the most favor- 
able conditions, but with so many mis- 
haps it becomes a very tiresome journey. 

Our schoolboys are in their new build- 
ing, and there are few groups of chil- 
dren that are happier than they. May 
the Lord use the place to His glory and 
help many, many boys to become use- 
ful men ! 

Our China workers would like to say 
" Merry Christmas " to all, but we are 
too late, so we will say " Happy year all 
the year of 1914!" 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China, Dec. 5. 

The China Boys' School at Ping Ting Chou. 

This school is the one for which many churches in the Brotherhood 
raised an offering: on September 28, in response to our appeal. The build- 
ing is now occupied. We called for $5,000. Up to January 1, 1914, $5,018.26 
had been received. The Lord truly assists us in answering our prayers. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Winnie E. Cripe 

IN some of our city hospitals a bell 
is rung- each time an ambulance 
case arrives. Listen ! There is a 
bell ringing at this moment. One bell — 
an emergency case. But this bell has a 
distant sound — it is ringing in China. A 
man has fallen from a tree; there he 
lies, mangled and suffering. Why does 
not some one hear his groans? Where 
is the needed help, the physician, the 
ambulance ? Ah ! We are in China 
now; there is no physician here. Many 
look at him and pass on, leaving him to 
die. They do not know what to do and 
they do not care. The knowledge and 
the sympathy are in another land. 

Clang! The bell rings once more, but 
in our own city. Ten minutes pass by; 
the man has been carefully carried into 
our city hospital. An anaesthetic is given, 
the X-ray is used, and the patient wakes 
to find a- limb gone, but his life is saved 
and there is prospect of a speedy re- 

covery. Why the difference in these 
two cases? The last bell rang in a 
Christian land; the first in a foreign 
country, and nearly all the physicians 
are here. 

But hark ! Two bells are ringing — a 
surgical call. Yes, a hurried operation 
to save a life ! But the operation will 
not be -performed, the life will not be 
saved. That summons came from Siam, 
and there is no medical missionary at 
hand. What is the answer to the two 
bells? "Enough to do at home." 

Three bells — how they startle ! A 
medical case. Yes, a child in convul- 
sions, but do not hurry. The sound of 
the three bells comes from Africa. A 
witch doctor prescribes for her; a red- 
hot probe is pressed through the top of 
her head to let the demons out. Well, 
they are gone, but the soul went with 
them. The child is at last free from 


David M. Adams 

EVERY Christian must, in some 
manner, be identified with the 
foreign missionary work of the 
church to which he or she belongs. This 
is necessary because of the Christ-life 
which the Christian is supposed to live. 
Christ was the very embodiment of the 
world-wide missionary spirit. He " will 
have all men to be saved, and to come 
to the knowledge of the truth." To be 
a Christian is to be Christlike. To be 
Christlike is to want " all men to be 

saved, and to come to the knowledge of 
the truth." The Christian, having re- 
ceived the spirit of Christ, will want to 
express it. This he can do effectively 
by being interested in foreign missions. 
The highest expression of the spirit of 
Jesus Christ is found in foreign mission 

Paul, writing to the Galatians, said: 
" Christ liveth in me." Doubtless it was 
Christ in Paul Who made of him the 
greatest missionary the world has ever 


The Missionary Visitor 


known. Indeed, it can hardly be thought 
possible that Christ should be in a person 
and yet that person have no interest in 
the evangelization of the world. Christ 
in a person constrains that person to do 
for the heathen world that which he or 
she is in a position to do. If Christ is 
in me, I will give expression to the fact 
in some manner. If I am called by God 
to go as a missionary, I will go. If I 
have not been called upon to serve my 
Lord in that capacity, I am, by virtue of 
the Christ life which I profess to live, 
required to help, to the full extent of 
my ability, others who have received, 
and responded to, such a call. I must 
give some outward, tangible expression 
of the Christ in me, Who " will have all 
men to be saved." 

Again, the Christian, in order to main- 
tain his Christianity, must do what his 
Lord commands. The Lord commands 
the Gospel to be preached to all nations. 
Therefore, the Christian must do his 
part in having the Gospel preached to 

all nations — must be interested in 
foreign missions. No Christian can 
with impunity ignore the declaration of 
the ascending Lord, " Ye shall be wit- 
nesses unto Ale . . . unto the utter- 
most part of the earth." Every Chris- 
tian is a member of a world-wide league 
of sympathy through which the Son of 
God expresses His love and compassion 
for a lost world. 

The Spirit-filled Christian does not 
claim Christ as private property. His 
love for humanity knows no national 
bounds. His interest in the salvation of 
•his fellow-creatures is not limited by 
geographical lines. Christ to him is the 
propitiation not only for his sins, " but 
for the sins of the whole world." Realiz- 
ing the significance of the declaration, 
" God so loved the world, that He gave 
His only begotten Son," he is ready to 
make any sacrifice for foreign mission 

Cerro Gordo, III. 


Pearl Grosh 

WANTED— Volunteers for God's 
service. This call has come 
ringing down through the ages. 
Ever since man's earliest existence there 
has been something for him to do. 
When God knew that men were sinners, 
there came the cry, " Who will volunteer 
to save these people?" Back came the 
answer from God's own Son, " Here I 
am, send Me." 

But still God wanted volunteers from 
man. When " every imagination of 
man's heart was only evil continually," 
God called for some one to do- His will. 
Noah and his family responded, and we 
see the blessing which they received. 
God spoke to them face to face and 

made a covenant with them, which even 
now is not broken. 

But not long after this God wanted a 
volunteer and He called Abraham, " Get 
thee out of thy country, and from thy 
kindred, and from thy father's house, 
unto a land that I will shew thee." 
Abraham obeyed, and ever afterward 
we hear him called " Abraham the Faith- 

Then from a burning bush came God's 
call for a volunteer. How sacred that 
place must have seemed to Moses, as 
he looked back upon it in later years ! 
For in the Desert of Midian was where 
Moses heard and obeyed God's call. 

And still God called for volunteers 


The Missionary Visitor 


and received obedience from the judge, 
Samuel, from the giant, Samson, from 
the king, David, from the prophet, Eli- 
jah, and even from the little maid who 
served Naaman's wife. • 

But the greatest response came from 
our Savior, Who volunteered to give His 
life a sacrifice for many. He left His 
home in glory, came to earth in the 
form of sinful man, and offered His 
life that we might live. Can we con- 
ceive of such a sacrifice? "Father, I 
would that this cup might pass from 
Me : nevertheless, not My will, but Thine 
be done." Brother, can we say as much? 
Sister, are we ready for such a sacrifice? 

Christ Himself says, " The harvest 
truly is great, but the laborers are few. 
Pray ye, therefore, the Lord of the 
harvest, that He would send forth la- 
borers into His harvest." Who shall 
these laborers be? Who, but we our- 
selves? Some have responded to the 
call, but thousands have not. The call 
comes to us as it did to Paul, " Come 
over and help us." Will we not answer 
this call, as others have done? 

When the call came from India, God 
found a Wilbur Stover ready to go. 
When the cry echoed from China, God 
heard a reply from F. H. Crumpacker. 
When God called from Sweden, he 
found J. F. Graybill prepared for serv- 
ice. As soon as the call sounded from 
Denmark, back came the reply from A. 
F. Wine, " Here am I, send me." Now 
the call comes from Palestine, and God 
has put it into the heart of Bro. Eisen- 
bise to answer this one. But there is 
still one call unheeded — the call for 
some one to work in South America, 
our sister nation. Oh, may the time 
soon come when some one will respond 
to this call ! 

But some may say, " Is there no work 

at home?" God is continually calling 
for volunteers here. How much greater 
service is it possible for us to do than 
as superintendent or teacher in Sunday- 
school, or, perchance, president of Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting, or as a minister 
of the Gospel? But does God ask that 
we serve in one of these places, or is 
there other work? Might not our place 
be in Sunday-school and church each 
Sunday, helping others by our presenct 
alone ? Or might not our hearts be lifted 
to God in prayer for those who are in 
the thickest of the fight? Remember, 
Christ says, " All things whatsoever ye 
shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall 

Who shall say there is no work at 
home? Was there no work for our 
dearly beloved brother, I. D. Parker? 
How keenly his loss was felt when he 
was with us no more to cheer and help 
us on our way ! The Brotherhood, too, 
sustained a great loss in the death of 
Bro. James Quinter, who was taken to 
glory while talking to his God. There 
are even some in our own home churches 
whom we miss when not in their ac- 
customed places. They are ready to 
serve their God in any way possible, even 
if only by the powerful medium of 

But now the question comes, " Does 
God call me?" Does He? This is a 
personal question, and each must answer 
it for himself. I know that Christ says, 
" Go YE therefore and teach all nations." 
And why should we not? If a Christian 
life means so much to us, why not tell 
others? Are we not saved to serve? 
Oh, I pray that each one of us, as we 
hear God's call, will say, " Here am I, 
send me," so that others may know that 
we too, are answering God's call for 


The Missionary Visitor 



S. N. McCann 

Dear Fellow Workers: 

May the new year inspire you to get 
a host of recruits to this noble work. 
I can say that my work on this line has 
been a constant source of inspiration and 
blessing to me in the past year. I now 
start the new year, expecting to get two 
verses each day. I give a few extracts 
concerning the work of memorizing that 
should inspire each of us to greater ef- 
fort. " Memory does little for us be- 
cause we give memory so little to do. 
. . . Not so in the early days. . . . 
Memory was cultivated, cherished, 
trusted, honored. Of Alexander and of 
Cassar it was said that they knew all 
their soldiers by name; the story, at 
any rate, proves that they thought such 
ability no disgrace to them. There were 
educated men in Athens who knew the 
whole ' Iliad ' and ' Odyssey ' by heart 
and could recite them straight on from 
any point where they were asked to be- 

"And such power is not entirely 
wanting in recent times. Macaulay 
could repeat, at fifty, long poems which 
he had never glanced at since he read 
them the first and only time at fifteen. 
And Scaliger, that modern wonder of 
learning and scholarship, committed the 
whole of Homer to memory in twelve 
days, and all the extant Greek poets in 
three months." — From " Great Poets 
and Their Theology," by Dr. A. H. 
Strong, D. D., LL. D., p. 29f. 

" F. W. Robertson, that greatest and 
most eloquent of preachers, memorized 
the New Testament. His biographei 
says of him : ' It was his habit, when 
dressing in the morning, to commit to 
memory daily a certain number of 
verses of the New Testament. In this 
way, before leaving the university, he 
had gone twice over the English ver- 
sion and once and a half through the 
Greek. . . He said, long afterwards, 
to a friend, that, owing to this practice, 
no sooner was any Christian doctrine or 
duty mentioned in conversation, or sug- 
gested to him by what he was writing, 
than all the passages bearing on the 
point seemed to array themselves in 
order before him.' " — " Pastoral The- 
ology," J. H. Hoppin, p. 168f. 

Dr. Byron W. King, of Pittsburgh, 
is a living witness of the power of a 
cultivated memory. He recites with- 
out effort many of the plays of Shake- 
speare, knows more than half of the 
Bible, and hundreds of splendid poems. 
Ex-President Roosevelt owes much of 
his greatness to a well-trained memory. 
Now is the time, day by day, to culti- 
vate this most precious of God's gifts 
to us. A verse of Scripture each day 
committed and meditated upon means 
much more than pages of careless read- 
ing. Begin now and be a blessing to 
yourself and to the world. 

If God has accepted my service then my life is charmed till my work is done, and 
tho I pass thru many dangers unscathed while working the work given me to do, when 
this is finished, some simple thing will give me my quietus. Death is a glorious event 
to anyone going to Jesus. — Livingstone. 

The Missionary Visitor 



Many of our Sunday-schools, at some 
time or other, consider the question of 
supporting a missionary on the foreign 
field. Some decide to do this, and some 
feel their weakness to such an extent 
that they drop the question without giv- 
ing it a trial. English River Sunday- 
school, Iowa, a few years ago decided 
to support Sister Alice K. Ebey in India. 
This school not only supports her in 
full, but during January sent us a check 
for $14 more than was necessary, to 
go for another cause. Usually we can 
raise amounts that are large, for the 
Lord's work, where all enter into the 
spirit and give regularly at stated in- 
tervals during the whole year. How 
many more could do as well as English 

A A »+* 

A brother is desirous of donating 
bound volumes of the Visitor, from the 
beginning, to Bethany Bible School. He 
still lacks the issues of June and July, 
1902, and July, 1904. If there is any- 
one in the Brotherhood who has these 
numbers and would be willing to part 
with them for the sake of furnishing one 
of our schools a complete set, we shall 
be very glad to receive the issues. The 
brother would pay a fair price for the 
same. And while mentioning this, dare 
we suggest that the other schools also 
would appreciate bound volumes of the 
magazine? The Brethren Publishing 
House is equipped to handle this work 
very nicely. 

* * *> 

Bro. C. D. Hylton, of Troutville, Va, 
has been chosen by the General Mission 
Board to act as traveling secretary in 
the State of Virginia. He is now in 

the work, soliciting endowment funds 
and money for missions. The Board 
desires that the fullest confidence be ac- 
corded him by our brethren. It is like- 
ly that in the near future we will have 
several more representatives in the 
field. Announcement will be made of 
this at a later time. 

* * <* 

In correspondence with a good broth- 
er, recently, we were reminded with 
double force that soon there will be re- 
quired hospitals for both India and Chi- 
na. There are those in our church who 
have much means, who are desirous of 
doing some noble work for the Lord 
with a portion of their substance. A 
fitting memorial could be erected by 
them in the form of a hospital, in either 
of our foreign fields, that would relieve 
pain, both of body and spirit, and be the' 
means of leading many into the king- 

4* & & 

The Seventh Quadrennial Convention 
of the Student Volunteer Movement of 
the United States and Canada was held 
in Kansas City, from Dec. 31 to Jan. 4. 
Fully 5,000 students and representatives 
of college faculties, as well as many 
missionaries on furlough, were there. 
East met West, for a large number of 
Chinese and Japanese students were 
seated by the side of those of our own 
lands. Four races were present — Cau- 
casian, Ethiopian, Indian and Mongo- 
lian. The majority of foreign mission 
boards of our country and Canada were 
represented. Speakers were drawn 
from five continents. Some of the fore- 
most men of missionary affairs of the 
world were among these speakers. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The purpose of this great gathering 
was to bring together representative 
students and missionary leaders, and 
unitedly to consider the problem of the 
non-Christian world which confronts the 
church of Jesus Christ; to gain inspira- 
tion and vision and to enter into a 
deeper consecration with respect to the 
stupendous task which is before the stu- 
dents of our country and Canada. This 
purpose was made prominent through- 
out the entire conference. 

♦** *> ♦ 

The purpose of the Student Volun- 
teer Movement is to assist the various 
denominational boards in their efforts to 
find workers to man their fields. As a 
movement no workers are sent out. 
Their function is to lend the inspiration 
and incentive in an intelligent way to 
students everywhere, presenting the 
claims which Jesus Christ has upon 
them. More than 5,000 students, who 
have been members of the Volunteer 
Movement, are now seeing service all 
over the world, and are at the forefront 
in every battle. Hence the purpose is to 
help every denomination, with like sin- 
cerity and intent, that has student bodies 
within its ranks. 

*** *> **♦ 

This convention at Kansas City was 
probably the largest attended of any of 
the conferences thus far held. To get" 
an adequate conception of the number of 
students there, we must consider that 
upwards of 800 universities and colleges 
were represented. The delegates came 
from every State of our Union and 
every province of Canada. Throughout 
the convention only one spirit was man- 
ifest, the spirit to hear and consider suc- 
cesses, efforts, needs and opportunities 
of the mission fields. 

^ 4$t 4$. 

The conference was serious business. 
For months the various colleges had 
been arranging for the convention. Not 

all could go. Meetings had been held in 
possibly nearly all of the colleges. Most 
of the students were there as representa- 
tives of the whole student body of their 
institutions. Subscription papers had 
been passed about in most cases. Then 
a portion of the expenses, at least, were 
pledged and delegates selected. Hence 
the delegate body was the result of great 
care in selection and much effort and 
prayer. This choice also insured a wide- 
awake delegate body. Being thus repre- 
sentatives of their schools, notebooks 
were in evidence on every hand and the 
addresses of the meeting only began to 
have their enduring effect when given 
in the convention hall. 

Everything tended towards a deep, 
spiritual atmosphere. Most of the sing- 
ing was congregational. There was 
much secret, silent prayer. At such 
times it seemed the Spirit appeared to 
us. Then, too, there was no entering or 
leaving while speakers were on their 
feet. Meetings began promptly and 
closed promptly. Everyone knew what 
to expect. When the hour for opening 
came the doors were closed. With no 
entering or leaving, the confusion 
was reduced to the minimum. The 
simple gospel story was the theme 
of the convention. Jesus was en- 
throned from the beginning. The points 
on which all Christian people agree were 
emphasized, but nothing contrary to the 
spirit of any was spoken. All were 
gathered for one supreme purpose, and 
nothing was allowed to be done that 
would in any wise detract from the cen- 
tral idea. 

■* 4>- *** 

What can be the influence of such a 
convention as this? Many young peo- 
ple made definite decision at this meet- 
ing, to serve God wherever He would 
call. And God is calling many to heath- 
en shores. As these students return to 


The Missionary Visitor 


their various institutions, reports will be 
made and missionary enthusiasm and in- 
terest will be developed. The North 
American student world will receive a 
vision of the world's needs, her plead- 
ings and the unrivaled opportunities for 
life investment that • they otherwise 
would not have gained. The conven- 
tion will send many to the firing line and 
will more thoroughly establish mission- 
ary principles among those who man the 
home base. 

■♦• 4* *■ 

The influence will be felt in our own 
Brethren schools and Brotherhood. All 
but three colleges had representatives 
there. Several faculty members were 
present. Four of our missionaries on 
furlough were among the number. A 
meeting of our own members was held, 
and addresses of the highest order were 
made. Our representatives have carried 
home with them the spirit of this great 
meeting, and already we hear that in- 
terest is being quickened in some of our 
schools. And whatever will quicken 
our interest in world evangelization and 
call forth workers into' the mighty har- 
vest is worthy of emulation and praise. 
Let us pray more for our student body 
of the Church of the Brethren, for from 
them must come our volunteers for serv- 
ice at home and abroad. 

4* 4* ♦ 

In this connection permit us to say 
that the March issue of the Missionary 
Visitor will be a Student Volunteer 
number. We earnestly desire that every 
reader may receive this issue. 

$ 4$t 4> 

We beg to call the attention of our 
readers to the advertisement that ap- 
pears on the last cover page of this 
issue. Bro. Royer's book, " Thirty- 
three Years of Missions," should be in 
the home of every member of our 
church. It is alike a book of inspira- 
tion and ready reference. The first edi- 

tion is now almost exhausted and an- 
other is going through the press. We 
trust that agents may secure a copy of 
this book and make an effective canvass 
of their territory during the remaining 
winter months. 

A- &■ »♦«. 

V V- V 

It is with deep sorrow that we an- 
nounce the early return to this country 
of Brother and Sister Heisey from In- 
dia. Bro. Pleisey's health has not been 
good since he went out to the field, and 
it has seemed the best thing under the 
circumstances that they return to Amer- 
ica. In the face of the great need of 
our India field this comes as a blow. 
May it be the cause of definite decision 
on the part of some earnest worker to 
go forth to fill the place made vacant by 
their return. 

4* 4> * 

We cannot help rejoicing over the 
fact that Bro. D. J. Lichty, who had 
been so sick in the hospital at Bombay, 
India, writes regarding his health : " I 
have been putting on flesh at the rate of 
more than a pound a day, and I have 
a ruddier color than I have had since 
first landing in India." This seems the 
cause for greater gratitude when we re- 
member that the doctor in India strongly 
advised his return to America as soon 
as possible. Instead, he went to Nasik, 
where he has so far recovered that like- 
ly before these lines reach our readers 
he will be at his station, busy and hap- 
py. Prayers avail when medical skill 
seems powerless and beggarly. 

On another page will be found an 
appreciation of Sister Mary N. Quinter, 
of India. Sister Quinter has been one 
of our most faithful workers in India, 
and now is called to a holier service. 
She had expressed a desire to serve in 
India for the remainder of her life and 
to be laid to rest on India's shores. Her 
wish is gratified. Her going home only 


The Missionary Visitor 


intensifies the imperative call for work- 
ers as expressed in the January issue 
of the Visitor. Some one must take up 
the mantle now laid down. Where one 
single sister was needed before, two now 
will be necessary. Who is to go forth 
to serve in her stead? 

*fc <& & 

We are in receipt of a copy of the 
first issue of the paper, Evangeli Bud- 
bar are, published at Malmo, Sweden, by 
Bro. J. F. Graybill. While we are un- 
fortunate in that we cannot read the 
paper, yet it was not published for our 
enjoyment. Bro. Graybill has long felt 
the need of a medium of expression to 
our Swedish Brethren, and we are de- 
lighted with the appearance of this first 

Brothering the Boy. 

So much has been said and written on the 
" boy question " that the average reader is 
almost flooded with literature on the sub- 
ject. Much that has been written is really 
helpful, and yet we can rarely find a volume 
that treats the subject in a comprehensive 
way, such as would give the reader an in- 
telligent statement of boy life. The little 
volume, " Brothering the Boy," takes up 
the question from a new point of view. Its 
purpose is not to displace the parent, but 
to introduce a new factor in the way of be- 
ing brother to the boy. It recognizes the 
fact than organized machinery has a place 
in the proper guidance of boy life, but 
throughout it makes an appeal for the su- 
premacy of personality over all -organized 
machinery. It gives the leading character- 
istics of boy life and states certain prin- 
ciples and processes which must be used 
in boys' work. It describes various types 
of organizations, but its chief concern is 
that the boy may be personally brothered. 

" Brothering the Boy," by Edward Raf- 
fety. Published by the Griffith & Rowland 
Press, Philadelphia, Pa. Price, 75 cents, net, 

" lot 

mt mtxt? 

To the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, 

President of the United States of America, 
Washington, D. C. 

©ftp 2?atianal iprarr ghmratitte? of the "(JUfurrl? nf thr Urethra" do hereby 
give personal expression of their approval of the constant and persistent pursuit of 
peaceable methods in the policy of the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, President of the 
United States of America, respecting the troubles now existing in the Republic of Mexico. 

3Jt ta (§ur praypr, that He who has promised to give to all liberally, may bestow 
all needed wisdom and guidance to President Wilson and his advisors through the em- 
barrassing situation, and that the dignified and honorable treatment may result in good 
to the neighboring and troubled country, as well as to the credit of our own country 
and to the promotion and progress of the cause of international arbitration and univer- 
sal peace. 


OF THE I W. J. SWIGART. Pennsylvania 


DECEMBER 25. 1913. 

In the Name of the Prince of Peace. 


Tlie Missionary Visitor 




A dear little girl with a curly head 
Was tired of play and ready for bed; 
But before she could nestle down to rest, 
She wanted to see the sun set in the west. 

" Oh, mama, the sun is all gone! " said she; 
" It's been shining all day f<-> r ycu and for 

And now does it shine on the other side? 
Does it go to Japan when it seems to hide? 

" When it shines do the children there feel 

Do they know it's the very same sun I had? 
I've wished and I've wished I could look 

and see 
If the girls over there are just like me. 

"Are China and Africa where it goes? 
Then it shines upon heathen girls, I s'pose. 
Why are they heathen? And why do you 

I must give my pennies? And why must I 

pray? " 

" My dear little girl," the mother replied, 
" The children who live on the other side 
Have the same bright sun that we have had, 
And when they see it they laugh and are 

" And in many ways they are much like 

But I'll tell you this because it is true — 
While the children there have the same 

bright sun, 
And watch it go down when the day is 


" They have not the Light that comes from 

The Light to God's own followers given; 
And that is the reason you give and pray 
For the girls and the boys so far away." 

— L. A. S., in Children's Missionary Friend. 


THE comfort that often comes from 
contact, even wordless, with one's 
own human kind, is touchingly il- 
lustrated in a little story told by a Wes- 
tern publisher: 

The boy in the car sat cuddled so close 
to the woman in gray that everybody 
thought he belonged to her. So when 
he unconsciously dug his muddy shoes 
into the broadcloth skirt of his left-hand 
neighbor, she leaned over, and said: 
" Pardon me, madam ; will you kindly 
make your little boy square himself 
around ? He is soiling my skirt with his 
muddy shoes." 

The woman in gray blushed a little, 
and nudged the boy away. 

"My boy?" she said. "He isn't 
mine ! " 

The boy squirmed uneasily. He was 
such a little fellow that he could not be- 
gin to touch his feet to the floor, so he 
stuck them out straight in front of him 
like pegs to hang things on, and looked 
at them deprecatingly. 

" I'm sorry I got your dress dirty," 
he said to the woman on his left ; " I 
hope it will brush off." 

The timidity in his voice took a short 
cut to the woman's heart, and she smiled 
upon him kindly. 

"Oh, it doesn't matter!" she said. 
Then, as his eyes were still fastened on 
her, she added, " Going up-town alone ? " 

" Yes, ma'am," he said. " I always go 
alone ; there isn't anybody to go with me. 
Father's dead, and mother's dead. I 
live with Aunt Clara over in Belmar. 
But she says Aunt Anna ought to help 
do something for me, so once or twice 
a week, when she gets tired out and 
wants to go some place to get rested up, 
she packs me off over here to stay with 
Aunt Anna. I'm going up there now. 
Sometimes I don't find Aunt Anna at 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bro. I. S. Long's Children. 

Esther has a small leopard, caught in the Dangs and brought out by 
Bro. Kaylor's boys. Albert has a tame white rabbit. 

home, but I hope she will be at home 
today, because it looks like it is going 
to rain, and I don't like to hang around 
in the streets in the rain." 

The woman felt something move in- 
side her throat. " You are a very little 
boy," she said rather unsteadily, " to be 
knocked about in this way." 

" Oh, I don't mind ! " he replied. " 1 
never get lost. But I get lonesome some- 
times on these long trips, and when I 
see anybody I think I'd like to belong 
to, I scrouge up close to her, so I can 

make believe that I really am her little 
boy. This morning I was playing that 
I belonged to that lady on the other side 
of me, when I got so int'rested that I 
forgot all about my feet. That is why 
I got your dress dirty." 

The woman put her arms around the 
tiny lad, and " scrouged " him up so 
close that she hurt him, and every other 
woman who had overheard his artless 
confidence looked as if she would let 
him wipe his shoes on her best dress. — 
The Continent. 


(Continued from Page 80.) 
Maryland— $24.56. 
Western District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Grove $ 12 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Denton 5 00 


Grossnickle 6 31 


W. H. Swam 125 

Nebraska— $18.79. 

Alvo, $5.75; Afton, $5 10 75 


Bethel 5 57 


Esther Forney 2 47 

Kansas — $13.08. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Maple Grove 2 08 

Southwestern District, Sunday-schools. 

Larned, $5; Larned City, $1.55, .... 6 55 

Northeastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Ozawkie, $2.85; Olathe, $1.60, 4 45 

Mjchigran— $12.84. 


Woodland, $10; Beaverton, $1.84; 

Vestaburg, $1, $ 12 84 

California — $8.99. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Chico 1.75 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Covina 5 24 

Hemet Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers, . 2 00 

Idaho — $5.00. 

Nezperce, 5 00 

Minnesota — $3.50. 

Lewiston 3 50 

Oklahoma — $2.25. 

Guthrie 2 25 

Missouri— $2.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Deepwater ._. 2_00 

Total for the month, $ 353 72 

Previously received, 551 24 

For the year so far $ 904 96 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


In the December Visitor the amount credited 
to Montgomery Sunday-school, Western Penn- 
sylvania, should have been $3.43 instead of 


During the month of December the General 
Mission Board sent out 79,683 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipts of the following 
donations for the month of December: 

Ilinois — $508.34. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Mt. Morris, $21.50; Shannon, $58.65; 
Milledgeville, $17.92; Naperville, 
$8.60; Pine Creek, $8.28; Lanark, 

$104.25, $ 219 20 


Sam'l and Lizzie Studebaker, $200; 
Sarah C. Faringer, 40 cents; Reuben 
J. Faringer, 40 cents; Belle Whitmer, 
$1; Wm. Wingerd, $12; Jennie Harley, 
$1.20; Elias Weigle, $5; David W. 
Barkman, $2; Wm. H. Lampin, $5; 
John M. Lutz, $1; Wm. R. Thomas, 
$4; A. L. Moats, $1.20; Philip H. 
Graybill, $1.20; Susan Kessler, 35 
cents; Mrs. Minnie Brunson, 35 cents; 
P. R. Keltner (marriage notice), 5 

cents 235 60 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Girard, $14.86; Macoupin Creek, 

$8; Cerro Gordo, $9.68 32 54 


Hannah M. Wirt, $5; James Wirt, 
$5; Benjamin Bowman, $2.5 0; Eliza- 
beth Henricks, $5; Bro. Henry and 
Sister Bettie Kindig, $2; O. B. Red- 
enbo, $1; D. J. Blickenstaff (marriage 

notice), 50 cents, 21 00 

Maryland — $160.89. 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pleasant View, $36.90; Beaver 
Creek, $11.15; Broadfording, $27.43, . 75 48 


B. F. Foltz of Beaver Creek Cong., 
$5; Mary L. Stouffer, $2.50; Barbara 

E. Stouffer, $2.50 10 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Pipe Creek. $20; Woodberry, $11; 

Denton, $30.08, 61 08 


Union Bridge-Pipe Creek Congre- 
gation, 2 40 


Harry C. Hull, 93 cents; David M. 
Young, $1; Individual, Mt. Airy, $10, 11 93 

Pennsylvania — $442.49. 
Western District, Congregations. 

Jacobs Creek, $10.35; Shade Creek, 
$25; Georges Creek, $5; Manor, $6, .. 46 35 


Harriet Reed, $10; Mrs. Anna Gar- 
ber, $1; Sarah A. Johnson, $1; Sam'l C. 
Johnson, $50; Joel Gnagey. $3; Her- 
man Rummel, $5; W. H. Koontz, $5; 
W. M. Howe (marriage notices), $1; 76 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Susannah Rowzer, $1.05; Annie E. 

Miller, $5; Marietta Brown, $3, 9 05 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

West Green Tree, $9.53; Indian 
Creek, $45.12; Mingo, $5; Pleasant 

Hill, $20, 79 65 


I. H. Bucher, $25; J. R. Erb. $5.50; 
Isabella F. Price, $10; Henry Bollin- 
ger, $2; Sam'l H. Hertzler, $20; A. M, 

Kuhns. $3; Abram Fackler, $5; S. 
Frances Harner, $1.20; Mrs. Sallie 

Wingerd, $3 $ 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Conewago, $35.99; York, $14.30, ... 



D. E. Brown, $10; Ellen S. Strauser, 
$1; Mary C. G. Sprenkel, $50; J. J. 
Oiler, $30; Harriet A. Balsbaugh, 
$1.20; G. W. Harlacher, $1.5 0; Jacob 
Beeler, $2; John H. Smith, $2; C. W. 
Reichard, $3; Helen Price, $1.25; H. 

C. Price, $2.50 

Indiana— $311.31. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Pine Creek, $7.80; Second South 
Bend, $9; Yellow Creek, $7.41; Baugo, 
$10.0'2; Nappanee, $36.60; North Lib- 
erty, $7.56, 


John S. Kauffman, 50 cents; Sam'l 
E. Good, $1; F. D. F. Sheneman, $2; 
Daniel Whitmer. $2; Daniel B. Hart- 
man, $2; Enos W. Bowers, $1; Hamon 
Hoover, $1; Isaac L. Berkey, $1; Dan- 
iel Harley, $2.30; Mary E. Early, $5; 
Thomas Cripe, $25; Lizzie Marsh. — 
Union Congregation, $1; Mrs. Judy 
Plummer, $1; Andrew M. Ruple (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; J. P. Hoffman 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Loon Creek. $25; North House, 

Santa Fe, $13.40; Flora, $40.62 


Burnetts Creek, $7.77; Spring Creek, 



John H. Cupp, $1; Elizabeth Jones, 
50 cents; J. A. Smeltzer (marriage 
notice), 50 cents: Elizabeth S. Metz- 
ger, $1; Daniel Karn, $2.50; Andrew 
Fouts, $1; G. W. Butterbaugh. $1; 
Wm. M. Eikenberry, $5; Lucinda 
Humbard, $2.50; James K. Cline, $6; 
Jacob Jones. 50 cents; Joseph W. 
Smith, $1; Mrs. Absalom Miller, $1; 

"K. K.," $10, . . .- 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Nettle Creek, $32.50; Noblesville, 



Jeremiah Barnhart (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; Austin Himes, $15; 
Susan Metzger. $1; Levi S. Dilling. 
$1; Amanda Widows. $1; Mrs. Josiah 
Brower, 18 cents; Jeremiah Latshaw. 
$1; "An Old Shut-in," 50 cents; H. J. 

Shallenberger, $5, 

Virginia— $307.80. 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Mill Creek, $15; Cooks Creek, 

$19.50; Greenmount, $33.87, 


David M. Wampler, $2; Susannah 
Flory, 50 cents; Madison Kline, 50 
cents; Hugh R. Mowry, $2; Maggie 
Early, $1; L. S. Miller. 50 cents; 
Felix Stultz, $1; Beniamin Cline, 50 
cents; J. H. Diehl. $1; J. G. Kline. $1; 
John H. Kline, $; B. W. Neff, $5; J. 
N. Smith, $1; D. S. Neff, $1.50; Sara 

A. Knicely, 25 cents 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Germantown. $11.56; Beaver Creek 

$4.83; Topeco, $4.60 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Mountain Grove, Chapel, , 

74 70 

50 29 

2 00 

104 45 

78 39 

45 80 
79 02 
11 77 

33 50 
37 65 

25 IS 

68 37 

22 75 

20 99 
2 30 


The Missionary Visitor 



D. M. Glick (marriage notice), . ..$ 
First District, Congregations. 

Pleasant Hill, $9.64; Burks Fork, 

$2.37; Bethel, $14, 


S. C. Painter, 50 center, W. H. Lin- 

tecum, $1; J. B. Dilion, $2 

Second District, Congregations. 

Middle River, $10.95; Valley Bethel, 
S7.S4: Cedar Grove-Flat Rock, 

$15. 9S; Bridgewater, $100, 


Mt. Zion 


J. R. Kindig (marriage notice), 50 
cents; John S. Garber, $1; Chas. H. 
Wampler, $1; James R. Shipman. 
$1.50; Mary S. Zimmerman. $2.50; 
Jane A. Zimmerman, $2.50; Jacob L. 
Zimmerman, $5; S. I. Stoner, 70 
cents; Elizabeth A. Andes. $1; Bessie 
V. Wampler, 10 cents; Barbara A. 
Wampler, 10 cents; Fannie A. 
Wampler, 10 cents: D. S. Thomas, $1; 
Mary R. Evers, 25 cents; Lucy E. 
Evers, 25 cents; Martha F. Evers, 25 
cents; John D. Huddle, 26 cents; Ira 

L. and Cora V. Garber, $5 

Ohio— $219.04. 

.Northwestern District. Congregations. 

Logan, $12.45; Silver Creek, $26.22; 

Eagle Creek, $7.71 


Lick Creek, $29.25; Pleasant View, 



David Byerly ("marriage notice), 50 
cents; S. A. Kintner. $1; Mrs. M. 
Shock. 50 cents: Lydia Fried, $10; 
Jos. Kavlor, $10; Christena Leedy, 
$10; John W. Lehman, $3.60; T. A. 
Sellers, $1.50; S. P. Early (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; L. E. Kauffman, 


Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Freeburg, $17; Wooster, $3.04 


A. H. Miller ("marriage notice). 50 
cents; Amanda Sollenberger. $1; Wal- 
ter Lemley. $1; Stewart Cocanour, $1; 
Mary Ann Shroyer, $3; Clara Woods, 
$1; John Dupler, $1.20; Melancthon 
Dupler, 38 cents; Sarah A. Dupler, 


Southern District, Congregation. 





A Sister, $1; Eli Niswonger. $1.20; 
John H. Rinehart. $1.20; John O. 
Warner, $1.20; Eliza Priser, $1.25; 
Philip R. Priser, $1.25; Jesse K. 
Brumbaugh, $1.20; David Brenner, 
$1.20; Harvey Snell, $5; W. K. Sim- 
mons, $3.60 

The Lord's share of Uncle John's 

Pension Check, 

Iowa — 171.10. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A. M. Laughrun (marriage notice). 
50 cents; J. H. Grady, 50 cents; W. O. 
Tannreuther (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Minnie Wolf, $10; A. P. Blough 
(marriage notices), $1; Julia A. Gil- 
bert, $1; Cornelius Frederick, $4; 
Jacob Lichty, $6; A. W. Miller, $1; 
Edward Zapf, $5; Henry S. Sheller, 


Middle District. Congregation. 

Panther Creek 


Panther Creek • 


D. W. Miller. $5; W. H. Blough, 50 
cents; Elizabeth Fahrney, $2.50; Amos 

















E. West, $5; Daniel W. Hendricks, 

50 $25; Ira S. Miller, $1; Tillie B. Miller, 

$1; Lois M. Miller, $1; Paul Miller, $1; 

Ruth Miller, $1 $ 13 00 

26 01 Southern District, Congregations. 

Fair View, $7.04; South Keokuk. 

$13.36 20 40 

3 50 Individuals. 

Mrs. H. Kurtz, $5; W. G. Caske-y. 

$1.20, 6 20 

California — $124.74. 
13 1 77 Northern District, Congregations. 

Lindsay, $7.16; Fresno. $4.23; Oak 
5 60 Grove, $17; Sacramento Valley, $26.15, 54 54 


T. N. Beckner. 60 cents; Thomas N. 
Beckner, $2; Abbie Miller, $5; Sarah 

J. Beckner. $1 

Southern District, Congregation. 



David Blickenstaff, 

Minnesota — $112.48. 

Morrill, $4.46; Root River Congre- 
gation and Sunday-school. $64, 

Christian Workers' Society. 

Worthington, .' 

23 01 Individual. 

C. E. Wells 

North Dakota — $67.10. 
46 38 Surrey, $26.50; Williston, $18.60, .. 



59 25 Individuals. 

Isaac Miller ("marriage notice), 50 
cents; Geo. A. Stevens (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; Henry Kile, $5; Eliza- 
beth Kile, $3; J. M. Fike, $3, 

Oklahoma-— $59.79. 


Oklahoma Tithers 

38 80 Individuals. 

An individual, $1; I. McAvoy, $1, .. 
20 04 Idaho — $57.40. 

Nezperce, $20; Boise Valley, $17.75; 

Twin Falls, $14.65 


David Betts (marriage notice), 50 
cents; M. M. Custer, $1; Emma Par- 

, n no riott, $2; Annetta Mow, $1.50, ;.. 

19 08 Nebraska — $54.51. 
3 60 Bethel, $33.40; Falls City, $5.61, .. 

8 09 J. J. Kindig (marriage notice), 50 

cents; Mrs. Lizzie Carl. $5 

Nebraska Foreign Mission Fund, . 
Missouri — $51.53. 
Northern District. Individuals. 

E. W. Mason, $1: Frances R. Bow- 
man, $5; John C. Van Trump, $5, ... 

Estate of J. C. Van Trump 

18 10 Middle District, Congregation. 

Warrensburg, 5 5 3 

5 70 Individuals. 

S. Schlotman and wife, $5; O. Perry 

Hoover, $6 11 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two Sisters 4 00 

Michig-an — $51.25. 

Thornapple, $13.80: New Haven, 
S5.20; Woodland, $27.50; Sugar Ridge, 

$4.25 50 75 

34 50 H. A. Weller (marriage notice), ... 50 

North Carolina — $65.45. 
50 00 Congregations. 

Mill Creek. $17.40; Melvin Hill, $15; 

17 00 Fraternity, $28.50, 60 90 


J. W. Bowman. $1.50; Martin 
Hanes, 50 cents; Sallie Hanes, $1; 

12 00 

17 79 
40 00 

2 00 

52 40 










The Missionary Visitor 


Jos. H. Griffith, $1.55 $ 4 55 

West Virginia — $335.85. 
First District, Congregations. 

Accident-German Settlement, $63.15; 
Glade View-German Settlement, 
$9.07; Brookside-German Settlement, 
$17.17; Maple Spring-German Settle- 
ment, $210.41; Sandy Creek, $10.05; 

Chestnut Grove, $3, 312 85 


Lime Rock 2 30 


Alex. Evans, $5.20; B. F. Wratchford 
and family, $5.50; Catherine M. Hirp- 
er, $5; C. W. and L. A. Mawzy, $5, . . 20 70 

Terras — $21.10. 

An individual, $10; L. J. Porter 

family, $11.10 21 10 

Creg'on — $14.50. 

Evergreen 14 50 

Washington — $12 10. 

Seattle 9 25 

Individuals of Wenatchee (Plain), 2 85 

Wisconsin — $12.00. 

Maple Grove, 5 00 


D. W. Beidleman, 7 00 

Tennessee — $11.20. 

New Hope, $7.60; Beaver Creek, 

$3.60 11 20 

Kansas— $9.50. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Burr Oak 2 00 


Mary R. Moler, $1; I. S. Lerew 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Jacob 
Sloniker (marriage notice), 50 cents, 2 00 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Harry Barker, 50 cents; James 
Hardy (marriage notice), 50 cents; J. 

F. Hantz (marriage notice), 50 cents; 

G. M. Throne (marriage notice), 50 
cents; C. B. Smith (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Mrs. O. L. Blickenstaff, $1; 

Mrs. Carrie Lichty. $1, 4 50 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Emma J. Fitzgerald and daughters, 1 00 

Colorado — $7.16. 

Denver 5 46 


Ira W. Fasnacht, $1; J. E. Coy, 70 

cents, 1 70 

Cuba — $3.12. 

Omaja, 3 12 

Canada — $2.34. 

Varo Shores ' 2 34 

Montana — $1.00. 

Harriet Thompson 1 00 

Unknown — $1 .20^ 

Total for the month, $ 3,196 29 

Previously received, 24,987 55 

For the year so far, $28,183.84 


Maryland — $13.42. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Fair View, $ 13 42 

Illinois— $10.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 9 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Lamotte Prairie, 1 00 

Nebraska — $5.28. 

Kearney 5 28 

Ohio — $3.80. 
Southern District. 

The Lord's share of Uncle John's 

Earnings $ 3 SO 

Missouri — $3.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two Sisters, 3 00 

West Virginia — $1.49. 

First District, Congregation. 

Chestnut Grove 1 49 

Oregon — $1.00. 

E. R. Wimer 1 00 

Indian a — $1 . O. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Edward F. Meloy, 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $l.CO, 
Southern District. 

Receipt No. 21884, '. . 1 00 

Colorado — $0.50. 

Miss Bessie Hix c on 50 

Total for the month $ 40 99 

Previously received, 9 30 87 

For the year so far, $ 1001 8 ■■, 


Kansas — $63.30. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Ramona $ 20 00 

Aid Society. 

Appanoose 20. 00. 

Christian Workers. 

Kansas City 20 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Slate Creek 3 30 

Pennsylvania— $58.50. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Mabel Arbegast, $20; Isabella F. 

Price, $16 36 00 

Middle District. Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone Congre- 
gation 2 50 

Southern District. Sunday-school. 

East York Mission 20 00 

Ohio — $20,00. 

Southern District. Sunday-school. 

Pittsburg, Ludlow Congregation, 

$20 20 00 

Illinois — $17.81. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 4 00 

Class No. 5, Elgin Sunday-school 
$2.5 6; Class No. 2, Elgin Sunday- 
school, $1.25 3 81 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Centennial, 5 00 

Aid Society. 

Centennial 5 00 

California — $5.0O. 

Northern District. Individual^. 

E. C. and Hattie B. Overholtzer, . . 5 00 

Indiana — $l.CO. 
Middle District. Individual. 

J. M. Duddleston 10 

Totql for the month $ 165 61 

Previously received, 2,025 14 

For the year so far, $ 2.190 7, 


North Dakota — $12.50. 


Prairie Home, $ 12 50 

Indiana — $5.75. 

Northern District. 

Sisters' Bible Class, Middlebury, . . 5 75 

Total for the month $ IS 25 

Previously received, 334 49 

For the year so far $ 352 74 

Pennsylvania — $6:73. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Norristown, : , $ 6 73 



The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota — $2.00. 


Mrs. Isaac Miller $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 8 73 

Previously received 127 10 

For the year so far, $ 135 83 


California — $7.50. 

Southern District. 

Christian Workers, Union $ 750 

Total for the month, $ 7 50 

Previously received 75 80 

For the year so far $ 83 30 


Iowa — $4.50. 

Middle District, Old Sisters' Class. 

Panther Creek Sunday-school, . . $ 4 50 

Total for the month, $ 450 

Previously received, 376 10 

For the year so far $ 380 60 


Ohio — $36.26. 

Northeastern District. Sunday-school. 

Zion Hill-Mahoning Congrega- 
tion $ 36 26 

Washing"ton — $25.00. 

A brother 25 00 

Montana — $14.05. 

Medicine Dake, $10.50; Milk River 

Valley, $3.55 14 05 

Illinois — $8.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 8 50 

Pennsylvania — $7.20. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Dunning Creek 6 20 

Southern District. 

Receipt No. 21884, 1 00 

Calif o rnia — $7.00. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

E. C. and Hattie B. Overholtzer, ... 5 00 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Otis and Anna R. Hyatt 2 00 

North Dakota — $4.00. 

Wm. Clonse 4 00 

Missouri — $4.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two Sisters, 3 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Cox 100 

North Carolina — $3.00. 

Clifton 3 00 

West Virsinia — $1.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Chestnut Grove, 1 00 

Oregon — $1.00. 

E. R. Wimer, 100 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Lottie E. Hummel 1 00 

Colorado — $0.50. 

Miss Bessie Hixson 50 

Total for the month $ 112 51 

Previously received, 589 56 

For the year so far $ 702 07 


California — $158.53. 

Southern District, Dos Angeles Sunday-school, 


Maggie Early's $2.74; Alta Fike's, 
$22.69; Eva Frantz's. $15.05; Jennie 
Frantz's, $10.05; Roy Lehmer's, $9.75; 

J. S. Kim's, $16.15; L. (J. Hosfelfs, 
$33; Delia Lehmer's, $15. IF; Dydia 
Lehmer's, $7:30; G. G. Lehmer's, 
$9.40; Carrie Dierdorff's (Chinese), 

$17.25 $ 158 53 

Indiana — $36.40. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Walnut, 20 00 

Middle District. 

Sugar Creek China Mission Band, 11 00 

Southern District, Junior Christian 

Middlefork Congregation 5 40 

Pennsylvania — $35.00. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ephrata, 10 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone Congre- 
gation 2 50 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York Mission 22 00 


Barbara Leiter 50 

Missouri — $15.56. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Mound, , 15 56 

South Dakota — $9.50. 

Willow Creek 9 50 

Ohio — $6.00. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Silver Creek, 6 00 

Illinois — $5.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 4 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. H Andress 1 50 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen 5 00 

North Dakota— $2.00. 

Mrs. Isaac Miller, 2 00 

Washington — $0.59. 

Pleasant Ridge, 59 

Total for the month $ 274 08 

Previously received 677 07 

For the year so far, $ 951 15 

Illinois — $91.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 3 00 


Bethany, $68.60; Elgin Chinese. $1.13, 69 73 

Primary Department Elgin S. S., . . 1 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Virden, 16 77 

Indiana— $57.22. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Yellow Creek 3 25 

Class No. 4, Pleasant Hill S. S., . . 20 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek 15 05 


Loon Creek 4 92 

Boys' Junior Band. 

North Manchester 5 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Mississinewa, -. 6 00 


Geo. Lorenz. $2; Earl Kempf, $1, . . 3 00 

Virginia — $45.31. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Mt. Zion House, Greenmount 10 71 


Greenmount 11 26 

First District. Congregation. 

Roanoke City, 17 84 

Second District, Sunday-school. 

Lebanon 5 50 

California — $29.45. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Empire 19 45 


W. E. Whitcher, 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania— -$20.04. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Ridgely, Maryland $ 5 04 


Isabella F. Price 10 00 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant Hill, Middle Creek, Con- 
gregation, 5 00 

Colorado — $11 .56. 

Fruita, 11 56 

Oklahoma— $10.60. 

Thomas ' 10 60 

North Dakota — $10.00. 

Pleasant Valley, 10 00 

Washing-ton — $8.07. 

Bast Wenatchee 8 07 

Kansas — $6.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Clara T. Brandt 1 00 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Appanoose, 5 00 

Ohio — $6.85. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

West Dayton, $3.35; Beech Grove, 
$3, 6 35 

Proceeds of Uncle John's Waste 
Basket, 50 

Total for the month, $ 296 10' 

Previously received, 4,342 16 

For the year so far, $ 4,638 26 

Illinois — $69.72. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethany, $68.60; Elgin Chinese, 
$1.12 $ 69 72 

Total for the month, $ 69 72 

Previously received, 

For the year so far $ 69 72 

Indiana — $13.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Levi G. Bollman, $5.; John S. Kauff- 

$1.20; Harvey Snell, $5, 14 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

W. H. Gaunt, 3 00 

Illinois— $8.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 5 


Mrs. G. E. Whisler, 8 00 

"Washington — $5.00. 

N. W. Garman, 5 00 

Maryland — $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Geo. M. Resser 100 

Total for the month, $ 27 50 

Previously received, 581 87 

For the year so far $ 609 37 

Illinois — $1.00. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 1 00 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sara Bigler, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 

Previously received, 36 90 

For the year so far $ 38 90 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 1 00 

Total for the month $ 100 











Previously received $ 9 00 

For the year so far $ 10 00 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon $ 1 00 

Indiana. — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Edward F. Meloy 1 00 

Oregon — $0.50. 

E. R. Wimer 50 

Total for the month, $ 2 50 

Previously received, 17 07 

For the year so far, $ 19 57 

Ohio — $86.27. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Logan " 


Fostoria, $3.59; Bellefontaine, $1.73, 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 



Beech Grove, $10; Olivet, Jonathan 
Creek Congregation, $11.58; George- 
town, $5, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Rush Creek 


Castine Sunday-school — P rices 
Creek Congregation, $10.13; Upper 
Stillwater, $12.08; Middle District, 

$7.35; Happy Corner, $10 39 56 


Mrs. D. W. Weddle, 100 

Indiana — $74.64. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

First South Bend, 4 60 


Nappanee, $10.11; Wakarusa, $1.45; 
Tippecanoe, $3.32; Middlebury, $3.55; 
North Liberty, $10.42; Shipshewana, 


Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Loon Creek 

Christian Workers. 

Loon Creek 


M. I. Kitch, 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Union City, $2; Plevna. $6.80; Maple 
Grove, $4.25; Union Grove, $10, .... 
Aid Society. 


Pennsylvania — $37.97. 
Western District. Individual. 

John Fetterman 

Middle District, Sunday-schools. 

Lewistown, $4.40; Claar. $10 

Eastern District. Sundav-=chools. 

Mohrsville, $3.27; Elizabethtown, 

$3.97; Lititz, $2 9 24 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Upper Cumberland, $5.80; Antietam, 



East Berlin, 

Iowa— $32.38. 

Middle District. Congregations. 

Clarence, $2.20; Prairie City, $8 

Brooklyn, $10.60, 


Panther Creek, $9.50; Beaver, $2.08 
Illinois — $31.45. 
Northern District. Sundav-schools. 

Dixon, $6.72; Sterling, $4.28 

Lanark Junior Sunday-school. 


Southern District. Sunday-schools. 

ML Pleasant-Woodland Congre- 
gation, $2.50; Lamotte, $4.65 7 15 

(Continued on Page 75.) 

3 3 






























Our Force of Foreign Workers 

(Mail addressed to them at the addresses given will reach them safely.) 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blouffh, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R. t India 

Holsopple, Q. A., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Heisey, Herman B Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Heisey, Grace Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, John I Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A. Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., ....Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B. (on furlough), Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough) Mt. Vernon, Missouri 

Quinter, Mary N.,* 

Royer, B. Mary., .• Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Ross, Mrs A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

, Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 


Blough, Anna M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Hsien, Shansi. China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao, Hsien. Shansi. China 

Hilton, Geo. W. Surrey, N. Dak. 

Hilton, Blanche C, Surrey, N. Dak. 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien. Shansi. China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Van man, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Wine, A. F., Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine. Attie C Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

*Died Jan. 14, 1914. 

For India, we solicit donations for the following funds: General, Train- 
ing Department, Boarding-school, Orphanage, Native Workers, Native 
Schools, Widows' Home, Industrial, Loan Fund, and Hospital Fund. 

For China, we solicit donations for the following funds: General Work, 
Native Workers, Orphanage and Hospital. 

Supports of orphans, in India, $20 per year; in China, $22 per year. 

Native workers, in either field, $60 per year. 

Boarding-school scholars, in India, $25 per year. 

We shall be glad to correspond with any one with re- 
spect to the support of our workers in each of the fields 



Thirty-three Years of Missions 

in the Church of the Brethren 


It will give you 

Just what you wish to know about the Dawn and Growth of Mis- 
sionary Activity in Our Church. 

The History of our Various Home and Foreign Fields. 

The History of the Publishing House, Tract Distribution, Gish Pub- 
lishing Fund. 

It contains 


112 photo engravings of brethren and sisters who have been or are 
connected with our General Board work. Also their biographies, 
and Maps of Denmark, Sweden, China and India, showing location" 
of Mission stations. 448 pages of reading matter. 

It will supply you 

with material for Christian Workers' Addresses; Sermonettes for the 
Sunday-school; Sermons for the Pulpit; Fuel for Any Missionary Fire 

You should have the Book. Price $1.75 ANYWHERE. 


Wanted - -Agents 


Here is what some agents have done 


A widow in Virginia, who must earn her own living, anxious to do mission work, 
canvassed several churches and sold over 60 books. 

A brother in Virginia, in poor health, canvassed several churches, sold 126 books. 

An aged brother in Pennsylvania took the book among his brethren and sold 
more than 75 books. 

The book has been out only a few months; much territory is not yet taken. Where 
pushed the book sells well. Good commissions are paid to live agents. 
This is a chance to earn good money and do mission work at the same time. 
Write for agents 1 terms, or if you wish a book yourself, write to 

Mrs. Galen B. Royer, Elgin, 111. 



■ » 






l'" '> 


An J00«? S^miteo to % 

Blieel Fishers and Their Catch, India. 

" Launch out into the deep and let down your nets for a draught . . . And when 
they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake 
. . . And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men. 
And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all and followed 


The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for March, 1914 



The Vision of the Volunteer (Poem), By Nora E. Berkebile, 81 

The Pressing Need for Workers in the Foreign Field, By D. L. Miller, . . 83 

Missionary Activity in Our Colleges, By Anna Arnold Bowman, 84 

Missionary Interest in Elizabethtown College, 86 

A Brief Historical Sketch of the Volunteer Mission Band of Manchester 

College, By Leah B. Wright, 87 

Missions in Bethany Bible School, By J. Hugh Heckman, 89 

From Blue Ridge College, By Mrs. H. P. Garner, 89 

McPherson College Volunteer Band, By A. T. Hoffert, 90 

Juniata College Volunteer Band, 92 

Mission Band of Palmera College, By F. M. Hollenberg, 93 

Mount Morris College Volunteer Band, By Leo Blickenstaff, 95 

A Proposed United Volunteer Constitution, By Elgin S. Moyer 97 

The Volunteer Spirit, By J. M. Blough, 100 

The Volunteer in the Line of Battle, By F. H. Crumpacker, 102 

How Conserve the Energies of the Volunteer Band, By E. H. Eby 104 

The What and Why of Volunteering, By S. P. Berkebile 105 

The Call of the Moslem, By Chas. W. Eisenbise, 107 

"Where Are the Nine? "—Luke 17: 17, By J. M. Pittenger 108 

Biblical Training, By A. C. Wieand, 110 

Open Letter Number Six, By Galen B. - Royer, 112 

India Notes, By Alice K. Ebey, 115 

China Notes for December, By F. H. C, 117 

Why He ,Got to Go, 119 

To Some of My Former Pupils, By J. G. Royer, 120 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. „•»—««-■« •*.-«- ^-r,*™-™. ~ ■,«■,■ cc ■«•«•». 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscrip- 
tions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cent3 additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinue! at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVI March, 1914 Number 3 


Nora E. Berkebile * r 

Ah, look at the front of the battle! 

Can you notice the gaps here and there? 
A valiant worker has fallen, 
Another, o'erburdened by care. 

" Come help us, our burdens are heavy; 
Come soon, lest we fall by the way; 
Brave men and women are needed, 
The Lord gives the heathen for pay. 
" We work and redouble our praying 

For soldiers willing and strong, 
To come and assist in the battle 

With right against heathendom wrong. 

"Oh, who volunteers for the battle?" 

Thus the call comes over the land. 

" Is no one prepared for His service?" 

Hark! List to the Volunteer Band! 

Spiritual, cultured and ready, 

With bodies so willing and strong, 
Brave men are sending the message, 

"Hold fast! we are coming ere long. 

" They say in the past we have faltered, 
We offered and yet failed to go; 

But now vast numbers are willing 
And our ranks in proportion grow. 

" As the brave old general rallied 

The men that he found in retreat 
So we rally once more our forces 

And in haste will the enemy meet. 

" No more drawing back from the facing 
Of the ' Go ye ' we promised to do; 

For men of all nations are calling 

For a knowledge of Him Who is true." 

No more shall a dearth of our workers 

Cripple the ranks on the field, 
Nor of Mission Boards vainly calling 
For men and women to yield. 

Not "Where shall we find the workers?" 

But, " Who of this mighty, strong band 
Shall we send to the field to labor? " 
Will then be the question at hand. 
As Moses of old gave the order 

" 'Tis enough, we need now no more," 
So shall the Mission Boards tell us 
As we haste to the foreign shore. 

'Tis then that the words of the Master 

Shall be heeded in every land; 
And then shall the kingdom's coming 
Be brought by our Volunteer Band. 

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M .o«o 


The Missionary Visitor 




AT no time since the opening of 
mission work in the foreign field 
by the Church of the Brethren 
las there been such urgent and pressing 
leed and demand for workers as now. 
The need has been intensified by the 
ieath of our dear Sister Quinter in In- 
dia and the return from China and In- 
dia fields of Brethren Hilton and Hei- 
;ey. Incapacitated for labor, it was 
hought best by those in charge, after 
aking the advice of physicians, that the 
brethren should come home. The ques- 
tion now is imperative and must be an- 
swered, " Where are the self-sacrific- 
ng, consecrated men and women wili- 
ng to take up the work so much need- 
id?" We must have them or the cause 
vill suffer. We have put our hand to 
he plow and there must be no looking 
>ack. There are many among us who 
;tand ready to sav, " Here am I ; send 

The April meeting of the General 
Mission Board will be of more than 
lsual importance. Under the blessing 
)f Divine Providence Brethren Early 
md Royer will be with us then and will 
>ring the needs of the field to the at- 
ention of the Board. It is believed 
hat at least a score of brethren and sis- 
ers will be required to fill the calls 
hat are to be made for help. And 
hese calls must be filled if the work al- 
"eady so successfully begun is to be 
:arried to a successful issue. Three 
brethren and as many sisters are needed 
n China: one brother to take charge of 
he Bible School, another for industrial 
md building work, and others for the 

stations. In India are needed a phy- 
sician and a nurse and brethren and sis- 
ters to take charge of stations and for 
evangelistic work. For years a brother 
and sister have been wanted for Cuba, 
and other two are needed to go to South 
America. All these should be ready for 
confirmation at our coming Conference 
and prepared to go out the following 

Who will go? In China the need is 
imperative if we are to occupy the open 
field, and in India more workers must 
be had at once or the brethren there 
will be compelled to give up at kast 
part of the territory they have been 
able to hold by the most, self-sacrificing 
and earnest effort. The missions of 
other denominations are ready to go in 
and possess the field unless we work it. 
At the present time the station at Vadi 
is without a missionary. Here it was 
that Brother and Sister Berkebile 
labored so earnestly and assiduously un- 
til Bro. Berkebile's health broke down. 
He is now at home, making an effort to 
recover so that they may return to In- 
dia. The prayers of the church are 
asked in his behalf, as well as in that of 
other of our workers who are ill. Unless 
the needed labor can be had it will be 
necessary for the brethren in India to 
give up the Marathi field and confine 
their labors to the territory in Gujerati. 
This would be a backward step and we 
do not want to make it. 

While the demand is urgent for work- 
ers, the means to support them must al- 
so be looked after. Bro. Early has 
shown in a recent article that $30,000 


The Missionary Visitor 


will be needed for the China field, in ad- 
dition to what is already being used to 
place the efforts on a satisfactory basis, 
and a like sum will be needed in India. 
Our force must be doubled and our 

contributions also must be doubled. 
God grant that the church may rise to 
these high possibilities, and that men 
and women may be ready for the Lord's 

work ! 

Bridg^ewater College, Virginia, Volunteer Band- 
Back Row, Left to Rig-lit: Jacob Zigler, C. G. Hess, Arthur Miller, L. M. Clower, A. 

R. Coffman. 

Middle Row, H. L. Alley, M. M. Myers, Sarah Zigler, L. Ruth L,eatherman, Virgie 

McAvoy, Anna Bowman, Mrs. C. W. Ronk. 

Front Row, Amos Holsing-er, Ella Miller, Ollie Kerlin, Nora Phillips, C. W. Ronk. 


Anna Arnold Bowman 

WE who are college students 
know that college spirit is an 
important factor in a success- 
ful and pleasant school life. Equally 
important is an abundance of what we 
call missionary life and activity. Un- 
fortunately for Christianity and the ad- 
vancement of the kingdom, it seems to 
be the thing most lacking in some 
schools. We, as young people of the 
Church of the Brethren, should rejoice 
that our own schools are emphasizing 
more and more its importance and are 
striving to get their students enlisted in 
a study of the different fields of service. 

Every college should be the center 
of a genuine and expanding missionary 
interest, a growing and widening zeal 
for the work of Christ and the church. 
Every student's life should be character- 
ized by a love for humanity which will 
not cease growing when he leaves col- 
lege. It is sad that there are those who 
go out and forget their mission in the 
world. May God help us as volunteers 
in His service never to forget our aims 
to do His will. 

There must be inspiration in our col- 
lege life, and the source of this inspira- 
tion will influence us most in the future. 


The Missionary Visitor 


This influence determines largely what 
shall be our work. As a rule students 
enter college without a definite purpose, 
and generally when they leave — espe- 
cially if the school life has been a rich 
one — a path is already chosen. There 
is no reason why missionary activity 
should not be the source of this inspira- 
tion, but there are a great many reasons 
why it should be. 

One of the best results of interest 
along lines of mission work in a school 
is the influence it wields over the lives 
of young Christians. If for no other 
reason, it should be there for their 
sakes. It makes their experiences so 
much richer and fuller. It brings them 
into right relation to Jesus as Lord. 
Some students (sad that we cannot say 
ill) on entering college already know 
Christ as their Savior, but very few 
have been made willing to let Him be 
Master of their lives. Our Volunteer 
Bands are working for this very thing, 
coo; they are more concerned in influ- 
encing students to acknowledge His 
sovereign sway than in urging them to 
serve Him in any particular part of the 
world-wide kingdom. 

The Volunteer Bands in our schools 
are offering a challenge to every Chris- 
tian student for testing his love for the 
cause. What would be more helpful to 
any student than to be obliged to an- 
swer the question, " Is my loyalty to the 
Master limited, or is it absolute?" 
When a college sends out the missionary 
call it promotes reality in the Christian 
student's experience. It makes him 
want to do a great deal of praying, and 
prayer more than anything else intensi- 
fies the spiritual life. 

When we pray " Thy kingdom come," 
I wonder if we realize that it will come 
largely through the efforts of educated 
men and women — these efforts of course 
being attended by the Father's benedic- 
tion. Christ expects great things of col- 
lege students. His work demands men 

and women of talent; not neglected tal- 
ents, but useful, developed ones. How 
often are we told by those who know 
that the work in India and China de- 
mands the best educated men to be had ; 
men who can hold their own in spite 
of the opposition that inevitably comes 
from the high-caste men. The life of 
our missions in the future depends on 
our college boys and girls of today. 
Since the school touches so many of 
these lives is it not to God's glory and 
honor that her atmosphere be heavily 
charged with an earnest love for the 
souls of men and women? 

Will we hear the " conclusion of the 
whole matter " ? It is a dangerous 
thing for the college not to be filled with 
the spirit of missions. There may be 
those who enter school with the desire 
already in their hearts, lacking only a 
little encouragement. This desire will 
grow or wither and die, according to 
the influence of that institution. What 
a blot on the history of any college to 
crush rather than nourish such a noble 
desire ! The story is told of a young 
minister who had heeded the call of 
Christ in his life. He went to a school 
where the missionary spirit was at a 
low ebb, and came away with his worthy 
ambition crushed, while deep down in 
his heart lurked the germ of infidelity — 
an indelible mark on any college record. 
Let us work mightily to keep up our 
missionary interest. 

The life of our missions depends also 
on men's generosity. Missionary spirit 
encourages giving among students. The 
value of this giving is not entirely in 
the amount of money obtained for the 
cause, but in the influence which this 
practice has upon the future attitude 
and activities of the student. There 
may be children of the wealthy, who 
will some day wield great financial 
power, and as a result of early-formed 
habit will use this power toward futher- 
insr the work of the church. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Is it possible to estimate the power of 
our colleges on the home churches of 
the students ? If a student leaves school 
life full of energy and inspiration for 
missions he may become a nucleus in 
the home church around which will 
grow a reverence for the cause of the 
church. There will be a great awaken- 
ing from a state of inactivity into which 
some of our churches are drifting. 
Through these young souls the church 
would get a vision of the work it is 
to accomplish in the world. There is 
nothing that is so much needed in the 
lives of Christians as a vision of the 
needs of a sinful world. The wise 
man, Solomon, says, " Where there is 
no vision people perish." It is evident 
that souls are perishing on every hand. 
Our eyes must be blurred, for there are 
so many Volunteer Bands in our schools, 
and yet the toilers in India and China 
are worked to the breaking point. One 
by one they are giving out and being 
taken by the Master, and we do not 

March! l \ 
1914 ' 

ranks. I 

seem to be willing to fill up the ranks. 

Over our entire Brotherhood is heard 
the call for college men and women. 
Why do we not give ourselves? God 
so loved the world that He gave. It 
was our need and His love that caused 
Him to give. Do we need more than 
was sufficient for Him? Why should 
not His need and our love constitute the 
call in our lives? Let us lay aside all 
shuffling evasions by which the devil is 
attempting to< persuade us to shirk our 
duty, and let us get up like Christians 
and face it. We are old enough tO' de- 
termine to do our duty. We were old 
enough to decide to come to college. 
We are old enough to decide to be phy- 
sicians, farmers and musicians; we are 
old enough to settle this question, too. 
Have we any reason for not doing His 
will? That is the real question for 
every one of us. May every student 
in our entire Brotherhood glorify His 

Bridgewater, Va. 


SINCE the founding of Elizabeth- 
town college the missionary inter- 
est has been increasing. At present 
we have two classes meeting every Sat- 
urday evening. The advanced class is 
studying Speer's " South America Prob- 
lems," and the beginning class is study- 
ing biographies. Our enrollment in 
both classes is thirty-three, with an av- 
erage attendance of twenty-four. About 
three miles from the college an outpost 
Sunday-school is largely supported by 
the students from these classes. 

As many of our students are quite 
young and are largely working in pre- 
paratory courses we do not have a Vol- 
unteer Band, but among our number 
are some most promising young peo- 
ple who will undoubtedly some day be 

in active service on the mission field. 
Our chief aim is to create missionary 
sentiment, become acquainted with the 
fields and inspire a deeper consecration 
for whole-hearted service wherever 
God calls us. 

At this time six who. have been stu- 
dents in school are on the mission field. 
Some who have been here are now else- 
where, more fully preparing for the 

During our recent Bible term we had 
the privilege of having Bro. Pittenger 
with us. His addresses greatly increased 
the missionary interest, and several 
have deepened their consecration, which 
we have reason to believe will some day 
result in having many more representa-i 
tives in the different mission fields. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Manchester College Volunteers. 

Back Row, Carl C. Schubert, I. T. Hiatt, Russell Weller, Clyde Joseph, William 
Tinkle, Floyd Irvin, William Bittel, G. F. Wagoner, Omar Maphis. 

Middle Row, H. A. Brubaker, Mrs. H. A. Brubaker, J. A. Smeltzer, Mrs. J. A. 
Smeltzer, G. L. Wine, Mrs. G. L. Wine, C. H. Toder, Mrs. C. H. Toder, C. A. 
Wright,. Master Delmer Wright, Mrs. C. A. Wright. 

Front Row, B. F. Bowman, Lillian Grisso. Katie Hoke, A. L. Sellers, Sherman 
Mohler, Elgin S. Moyer, Nettie Senger, Elizabeth Weybright, Morris Weisel. 




Leah B. Wright 

ON May 24, 1905, a few conse- 
crated students met at the home 
of Brother and Sister Wm. 
Ulrich. Desiring to become more united 
in the missionary spirit and to do more 
efficient work a permanent organization 
was effected under the name of " The 
Volunteer Mission Band of Manchester 
College." A constitution and by-laws 
were adopted at this meeting and the 
constitution was signed by .seven mem- 
bers. An election of officers was held, 
which resulted as follows : President, 
Jas. Morris ; vice-president, Mrs. Anna 

Ulrich; secretary, Clara E. Stauffer; 
treasurer, Wm. Ulrich. 

Our motto is " The Evangelization of 
the World in This Generation." It is 
the object of each member to become a 
missionary. As to whether it shall be 
in the home field or abroad we await 
the guidance of the Spirit. The pur- 
pose of the band is threefold : First, 
to attain to a higher degree of holiness 
in the study of God's Word, thereby 
preparing volunteers for the field and 
leaders for the church ; second, to en- 
courage mission studv amongf the stu- 


The Missionary Visitor 


dents and friends of the institution; 
third, to create missionary sentiment by 
distributing missionary literature, by 
holding missionary meetings, and > by 
living missionary lives. 

The band of 1905 sowed the seed 
which today is bearing fruit. Some 
who were members of the band during 
1905-14 are now active workers in the 
field; and there were some who had 
consecrated themselves but whom the 
Lord has called from us. 

Our organization affords opportunity 
of coming into closer touch with God 
and of gaining a better knowledge of 
the world's need. Bishop Hendrix has 
said, " Ignorance is a source of weak- 
ness in missionary effort. Know, and 
you will believe. Know, and you will 
pray. Know, and you will help in the 
front ranks." 

The band has made itself felt, and 
during this period the missionary spirit 
has developed in a remarkable manner. 
From present indications we may expect 
greater progress. During 1912-13 we 
studied several books considering the 
missionary problem in its many phases, 
especially as it confronts us today. We 
take up our work this year with re- 
newed zeal. Regular weekly meetings 
are held at the home of Brother and 
Sister C. H. Yoder. Surely the Lord 
has richly blessed us. Our number in- 
creased from sixteen at the beginning 
of the year to twenty-nine at the present 
time. We have done some work in the 
neighboring churches. We have re- 
ceived a cordial welcome and much good 
has been accomplished. We have gone 
into the homes of the aged and af- 
flicted and brought cheer to their hearts 
through the medium of prayer as well 
as in the singing of religious songs. 

We have finished Dr. Jowett's " Pas- 
sion for Souls," and we are now using 
S. D. Gordon's " Quiet Talks on 
Power." Later in the school year we 
expect to take up " Quiet Talks on Serv- 

ice." These books stimulate a desire 
to carry out the great commission. 

January 11 Bro. A. C. Wieand met 
with the band and gave us a very spir- 
itual address. As an additional source 
of strength and encouragement we re- 
ceived a letter recently from Brother 
and Sister J. I. Kaylor, who are our 
representatives in India. 

A program was rendered in the col- 
lege chapel January 16, at the close of 
the special Bible term. It was in charge 
of the Volunteer Band. Besides special 
music, several addresses were given. 
Bro. Arthur Sellers presented a report 
of some practical work done in Marion, 
Ind., during the holidays. Bro. Elgin 
Moyer, who was our representative at 
the convention of Student Volunteers at 
Kansas City, furnished a very interest- 
ing report of the work there. Bro. J. G. 
Stinebaugh, of Middle Indiana, de- 
livered an address on " The Missionary 
Propaganda of the Church," which was 

We were much pleased to have with 
us Brother and Sister A. W. Ross, of 
India. Sister Ross, in a very impres- 
sive manner, told of " The Need of 
Medical Work in India." Bro. Ross 
gave the concluding talk on " World- 
wide Missions." At the close of the 
meeting Bro. Ross called for volunteers 
and our band stood in a body, signi- 
fying a willingness to go where the 
Lord directs. There was a large au- 
dience present and we feel certain that 
much enthusiasm for missions was 
aroused. These gatherings are precious 
in the history of our school work and 
can never be effaced from memory's 
page. As we look forward, we see that 
there is much more to do. There are 
many places to go, to give and to live 
the life of Christ, our Missionary. " A 
great door and effectual is opened." 
May we enter this open door and help 
to evangelize the world. 

North Manchester, Ind. 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. Hugh Heckman 

THERE is at present no foreign 
Volunteer Mission Band in Beth- 
any Bible School. Until last year 
a band existed which had a constitution- 
al basis identical with that of the school 
itself. For this reason that organization 
was superfluous, having no good reason 
for its existence. When it disbanded 
the formation of a band definitely com- 
mitted to foreign missions was antici- 

That anticipation is now near reality. 
A petition is now before the trustees 
asking permission to organize a Stu- 
dent Volunteer Mission Band, with the 
privilege of affiliating with the Student 
Volunteer Movement. There are suf- 
ficient prospective foreign missionaries 
in school to insure considerable mem- 
bership in such a body. 

During the present year the study 
of missions is required of every student. 
Three classes are in progress in charge 
of Bro. E. H. Eby, the subjects under 
consideration being the fields of India 
and China, respectively, in two classes, 
and pagan religions in a third. 

The school was represented at the 
Kansas City Convention by six regular 
delegates, besides Brother and Sister E. 
H. Eby,. Bro. Pittenger, and Bro. Ross, 
who went from here but were enrolled 
with returned missionaries. Thorough 
reports of the convention were given to 
the student body and others who were 
interested. Several enthusiastic mis- 
sionary meetings were held during the 
year thus far. 

Mayivood, III. 

Blue Ridge Volunteers. Brother and Sister H. F. Garner. 


Mrs. H. P. Garner 



VOLUNTEER Band has never 
been organized in Blue Ridge Col- 
lege. However, some years past 
was a Missionary Society es- 

tablished which existed until about 
three years ago. Among the members 
of this organization was Anna Hutchi- 
son, now a faithful worker in China. 


The Missionary Visitor 



There were also a number of others 
who are now engaged in the Lord's 
work in various parts of the homeland. 
By this society, mission study classes 
were conducted and missionary pro- 
grams rendered which had their in- 
fluence upon the school. 

Since then the school has been having 
a hard struggle for an existence, as 
many of you may know. Then the 
school was pleasantly located at Union 
Bridge, Md., but on account of a ce- 
ment plant locating so near the atmos- 
phere was made unfit for a school. 
Change of location became necessary. 
Now we have a more beautiful site here 
at New Windsor, Md. During this 
transition period nothing was done 
along missionary lines. 

This year we are trying to awaken 
again a missionary zeal that will be ef- 
fectual and permanent. 

The enthusiasm with which the stu- - 
dents decided to send two delegates to | 
the student Volunteer Convention at 
Kansas City, Mo., and the way they 
rallied to their support was very en- 
couraging. The reports brought back 
were received with much interest. The 
inspiration the delegates received was 
felt by all. 

Bro. Garner has organized a Mis- 
sion Study Class, and we hope that as 
the lives of pioneer workers and the 
conditions of the field are studied some 
may heed the Spirit's call. 

Bro. Garner and I became members 
of the Volunteer Band three years ago 
while at Bethany Bible School, and re- 
alize the value of a band. We are pray- 
ing that before the close of this school 
year we may be able to organize one 
here. Will you not pray with us? 

New Windsor, Md. 

Volunteer Band of McPherson College. 

From Left to Right: Samuel Ebbert, Samuel Bowman, A. T. Hoffert, (Mr.?.) Pearl 
Bowman, Ira Lapp, Gertrude Doerksen. J. Estel Jones, Ella Ebbert, Clyde Forney, Lulu 
1 Horn, L. A. Stump. 



A. T. Hoffert 

THE Volunteer Band of McPher- 
son College had its beginning in 
the early life of the institution. 
It was first known as the " Missionary 

Reading Circle," and sought to train 
workers for both the home and foreign 
fields. A glance over the records of the 
past sixteen years impresses one with 


The Missionary Visitor 


the tremendous influence that this or- 
ganization has had toward moulding a 
strong missionary sentiment among the 
student body, and also in quickening the 
missionary spirit of the adjoining 
churches. At least seventeen of our 
number have reached the foreign field, 
several of whom belong to other de- 
nominations. A number of these are 
now either on furlough, or are not on 
the field on account of sickness or death. 
Five of the active workers of our band 
are now in China. Two more of our 
number expect to join their ranks this 
fall. Bro. E. H. Eby and family ex- 
pect to return to India as soon as pos- 
sible. At present our band has only one 
worker in that great field. 

The band has always encouraged mis- 
sion study. Public programs have fre- 
quently been given in the college chapel, 
in the adjoining communities, and at 
District Meetings. These programs 
have spread missionary facts to hun- 
dreds who are not in school, and also 
have greatly strengthened the individual 
members of the band. 

For years we have been represented 

at the State Volunteer Conventions, and 
also at the International Quadrennial 
Conventions since 1902. Ten from our 
school attended the great Volunteer 
Convention recentlv held at Kansas 

Reports from these conventions have 
greatly strengthened the claims of mis- 
sions on the life of our students, also 
in spreading enthusiasm to the adjoin- 
ing communities. 

At the weekly meetings of the band, 
usually subjects of a missionarv or de- 
votional nature are discussed. Members 
of the band always look forward to 
these meetings with pleasure, as they 
are the source of mighty spiritual power. 

Although the greatest emphasis is 
placed upon the foreign work, neverthe- 
less we encourage those to join our band 
who are preparing themselves for work 
on the home field. Nine of our number 
have volunteered definitely for the for- 
eign field. Three of these will graduate 
from the college department this spring, 
but will not go to the field until they 
have received special training in a medi- 
cal or a Bible school. 

McPherson, Kans. 

Rooms for Teachers, Vyara Mission Station, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Juniata Volunteers. 

From left to right, upper row: Eva Shepfer, Carl Schulz, Joseph P. Lan- 
dis. Lower row: Dorothy Miller, Plum Miiller, Anna Brumbaugh. 



THE Volunteer Band at Juniata has 
been definitely allied with the as- 
sociation for more than one year. 
The college has always fostered and 
promoted the mission cause, having al- 
most a dozen of her alumni in the for- 
eign field, and at present being pledged 
for the support of one missionary. Of 
the number sent out, few have been 
members of the Student Volunteer As- 
sociation. The present band is allied 
with that organization because of a de- 
sire to affiliate with an institution pos- 
sessing such breadth- of vision, such 
unity of purpose and consecrated to the 
high purpose of binding all humanity 
about the throne of God. The volunteer 
pledge is esteemed by the members, 
since it provides a strong incentive to 
utter self-surrender and commits the 
solution of one's life-work into the 
keeping of Him Whose leading is secure. 
It has not been the ambition of the 
band to become prominent in the school 
life by constantly endeavoring to appear 
in the limelight. Rather, it has been 
her aim to influence the student body 

through the power of worthy example, 
patient application, and earnest prayer. 
At least once each year the subject of 
missions as a life work is presented to 
the students' consideration, and a plea 
is made for unconditionally-surrendered 
lives. There has been no attempt to 
increase the membership by emotional 
appeals, since the choice of one's vo- 
cation is a matter for sane, conscien- 
tious deliberation between the individual 
and his Redeemer. 

During the year the band conducted 
one meeting in each of the local 
churches, with the purpose of present- 
ing the mission call to the young peo- 
ple of the city- These meetings proved 
invaluable to the band itself ; and, 
while not visibly productive, they may 
yet bear ripened grain. Weekly meet- 
ings are held among the members, at 
which problems of missionary life and 
preparation are studied and short con- 
secration services held. We hope there- 
by mutually to benefit each other, to 
raise the standard of our college life, 

("Continued on' Page 101.) 


The Missionary Visitor 




F. M. Hollenberg 

ON April 22, next, our Mission 
Band will pass the fourth mile- 
tone of its existence. Bro. C. H. 
Yoder was instrumental in effecting the 
organization, April 22, 1910. He was 

Among the first things we did was 
to form a constitution. The object, as 
stated in the constitution, was threefold. 
It reads as follows: 1. For the mutual 
strengthening of those who are in prep- 

Falmera Mission Band. 

Prom Left to Right, Back Row: Kathrine Bomberger, P. J. Wiebe, Ger- 
trude Yoder, Roxie Sriell, Dove Sauble, Ina Marshburn, Alberta Neher (Sec), 
Elsie Price. 

Front Row, Standing: Bertha Fike, Mrs. I. V. Funderburgh, Alice Bosler. 
Mrs. J. L. Blocher, Grace Miller, Kathrine Sherwood, Elice Laycook. 

In Front, Sitting: J. L. Blocher, I. V. Funderburgh, Master Martel 
Funderburgh, F. M. Hollenberg (Pres.), C. O. Vaniman. 

the Bible instructor. Word was passed 
among the students that all who were 
interested in forming such a band 
should meet in the chapel on that even- 
ing. About a dozen of us responded 
and the Mission Band was organized. 
The work was new to the students, and 
school was near its close, but under the 
efficient leadership of Bro. Yoder it 
was started. Since then the band has 
undergone many changes. Only three 
of the original members are now in the 

aration for mission work. 2. To keep 
in closer touch with the missionary ac- 
tivities of the world, the needs of the 
mission field, and especially to keep in 
touch with our own missionaries. 3. 
To make of itself a center of mission- 
ary enthusiasm in and about Palmera 
College. We adopted as our motto, 
"Here Am I, Send Me." 

All students who have given their life 
in service to Christ are eligible for mem- 
bership. We believe our Master can 
use us in many spheres in life, at home, 


The Missionary Visitor 


abroad, anywhere. For this reason we 
do not limit the membership to volun- 
teers for the foreign field, although sev- 
eral of our members are looking that 
way. One is planning tO' become a med- 
ical missionary. 

Our band always has met regularly 
each week and • sometimes oftener. 
Most of our time in meetings is spent 
in the study of some book which we 
think- will be helpful. This winter we 
are studying Dr. Torrey's " Personal 
Work," and are finding it interesting 
and practical. By this study we hope to 
prepare ourselves for more efficient serv- 
ice wherever we may be called upon 
to labor: Members take turns in lead- 
ing the meetings. 

We have also done considerable out- 
side the regular line, and quite a little 
personal work. This was reported to 
the band and the problems of the vari- 
ous members discussed. We have en- 
couraged mission study classes in the 
college each year. This year the class 
is studying a book on Mohammedan 
missions and finding it intensely inter- 
esting. Bro. J. F. Souders, Bible in- 
structor, is teaching the class. He has 
to tell us many things which came un- 
der his own . observation while in the 
Orient. Correspondence is carried on 
with our foreign missionaries, thus 
keeping us in touch with their expe- 

Each year our band has been called 
on by neighboring churches to present 
missionary programs. In this way we 
hope to spread a missionary spirit about 

us. These meetings also prove helpful 
to us. On Thanksgiving, Christmas and 
Easter mornings we have been going 
over the town and singing in the street 
for the sick and shut-ins. In this way 
we impart to them some of the cheer 
and happiness of the outside world. 

The two years Brother and Sister 
Vaniman, now of China, were here they 
were to us a great inspiration. They 
helped us see many ways in which we 
might do more practical work and be of 
larger service in the world. They were 
the first foreign missionaries to go out 
from our band, and of course this meant 
much to< us. As they write and we have 
a more direct interest in them it makes 
us feel like pressing forward with 
greater zeal. 

The picture in this number of the 
Visitor shows our band for this year. 
We have some very enthusiastic mem- 
bers, who are quite a help to us. Each 
year several new members have come 
to us, some of them from mission bands 
of the other schools. We are always 
glad to welcome these new ones, for 
they have fresh ideas to give us, and 
this adds new life to the work. 

We are not so many in number, but 
we remember the things that are worth 
while in life are nearly always accom- 
plished by the few, and that affords us 
encouragement. If we cannot do some 
notable thing we trust the Great Master 
Who overrules all will entrust some of 
the small things to us and give us grace 
to do them. 

Lordsburg, Cal. 


Sometimes in life we wonder why 
The heart must ache, the lips must sigh; 
Why disappointments cross our way. 
To thwart the hopes we hold today. 
Ah, soul, the Father hath His plan. 
Beneath the ways we cannot scan, 
And ever shall His purpose be 
Worked out for good to you and me, 
If we will wait. 

To know that through the strain and stress 
Of human hearts, when burdens press; 
To know that when this life holds care, 
The Son of God, the Christ, is there — 
Will give us faith for paths of night, 
Will change the darkness into light, 
Along the way. — -Selected. 


The Missionary Visitor 


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Moum Morris College Volunteer Baud. 

First Row, Left to Right: Ota Gibson, Iva Feldkirchner, Benj. Summer (Pres.), Edna 
Kesler, Clyde Jelf. 

Second Row: Wm. Meyers (Sec), Elberta Gerdes, Elizabeth Hoots, Mary Heckman, 
Cora Barkley, Margaret Swank, Carol Miller, Mabel Miller, Etta Arnold. 

Third Row: Margaret Gerdes, Chalmer Shull, Martha Hamer, Homer Blough, Oscar 
Stern, Leo Blickenstaff, Oscar Neher, Andrew Butterbaugh, Walter Mahan, Emmert Stover 
(Ass't. Sec), Joseph Reish. 


Fellow Volunteers : 

The Mount Morris College Volunteer 
Band was formally organized in 1906- 
07. It had its beginning several years 
before, when Sister Ella Miller, who' be- 
came the wife of our late Bro. Charles 
Brubaker, who died upon entering the 
India field, volunteered for foreign 
work. The next year three or four 
others also became interested, and the 
following year we have the formal or- 

The aim of the band may be thus 
stated : To interest and educate the stu- 
dents of our school in mission work 
as the supreme aim in life. It has also 
worked for the purpose of saving the 
student souls of our school who had 
not yet received Christ, and also to help 
the Christian students who might be led 
to serve their Master better. It has 
continually striven for a more spiritual 
school ; and its members have tried to 
show their faith by their works of bless- 

ing and cheer to the people of our com- 

Throughout each year its members 
have had meetings where they discussed 
various mission subjects. Two years 
ago a Mission Study Class was organ- 
ized by some of the members of the 
band, to meet once a week and discuss 
some book on a mission subject. Last 
year there were two such classes. 

About four years ago the band de- 
sired to do something very definite and 
practical. Seeing the great need of 
medical workers on the foreign field, it 
decided to choose some one of its num- 
ber and assist in giving him a medical 
education. But being compelled to go 
outside of its ranks it at last decided to 
assist Bro. Carl Coffman, who had been 
in Bridgewater College and was just 
taking his last college year at North- 
western University, Chicago'. He is 
now taking his third year of medical 
work at Rush Medical College, partially 
supported by pledges from members of 


The Missionary Visitor 


the band and others, and himself work- 
ing exceeding hard to make both ends 

At the beginning of this school year 
we decided that, instead of having a 
Mission Study Class, we would engage 
in practical personal work among those 
about us. So a committee of three was 
appointed to plan and supervise the 
work for • the year. Leaders were 
chosen for each line of work. These 
are some of the lines of work we are 
trying to follow; Work among uncon- 
verted students, among students who 
may be cold spiritually or need encour- 
agement, visiting, reading and singing 
for the sick and aged, and personal work 
in town wherever possible. We meet 
for mission discussions every two weeks 
on Sunday afternoon. 

We have no written constitution, and 
no written or formal pledge was adopted 
until last year. But we think that all 
who joined the band up to that time 
understood the pledge to be as we have 
it now, which is as follows : " I hereby 
promise God that I will unreservedly 
submit to the leading of the Holy Spirit 
in the choice and field of my life's 

The first year (1906-07) the band 

had thirteen members, the second year 
fifteen were added, the third year. eight- 
een, the fourth year sixteen, the fifth 
year seven, the sixth year twelve, last 
year nine, and this year thirteen up to 
the present time. There are about 
thirty of these in school here now. 

This year it was decided to adopt a 
second pledge, for those members of 
the band who decide to prepare for 
foreign mission work, that they may 
be drawn more closely together, and 
that others may be induced to volunteer 
to prepare for entering the same needy 
field. This second pledge reads thus: 
" I purpose, God willing, to be a for- 
eign missionary." Four have signed it 
thus far, namely: Benjamin F. Summer, 
J. Emmert Stover, John W. Barwick, 
and Leo Blickenstaff. We hope to 
have a few more sign it before long. 

We chose and assisted in sending 
Bro. M. W. Emmert, dean of the Bible 
department, as representative to the 
Kansas City Volunteer Convention. 
His reports of that wonderful conven- 
tion were certainly an inspiration to all 
of us. 

Yours for Christ, 
Leo Blickenstaff, Vice-President. 

Feb. p. 


Among- them that are born of women there is none greater than John." 

Selected by Phoebe Zook 

He held the lamp each Sabbath day, 
So low that none could miss the way, 
And yet so high to bring in sight 
That picture fair of Christ the Light, 
That, gazing up, the lamp between, 
The hand that held it was not seen. 

He held the pitcher, stooping low, 

To lips of little ones below; 

Then raised it to the weary saint, 

And bade him drink when sick and faint. 

They drank; the pitcher them between, 

The hand that held it was not seen. 

He blew the trumpet, soft and clear, 
That trembling sinners need not fear, 
And then with louder note and bold, 
To storm the walls of Satan's hold; 
The trumpet coming thus between, 
The hand that held it was not seen. 

And when our Captain says, "Well done! 
Thou good and faithful servant, come! 
Lay down the pitcher and the lamp; 
Lay down the trumpet, leave the camp," 
Thy weary hands will then be seen 
Clasped in his pierced ones, naught between. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Elgin S. Moyer 

Note. — The Visitor Editor desires to express his appreciation to Brother Elgin Moyer, 
who has so efficiently assisted in collecting the material from the Volunteer Bands, for 
this issue. 

FOR a number of years most of the 
schools of the Church of the 
Brethren have maintained Volun- 
teer Mission Bands. Much good and 
praiseworthy work has been done, and 
much inspiration has been gained and 
manifested by the individuals of the 
local bands and by the bands as or- 
ganizations. Each Volunteer Band has 
been a nucleus of missionary enterprise 
in the school in which it is and its in- 
fluence has even gone out into the sur- 
rounding churches, and in a small way 
the influence has reached to other 

But for a number of years there has 
been felt the need of uniting our forces 
and cooperating in our preparatory and 
volunteer mission work. We have felt 
that by thus confederating the united 
band would be to the church at large 
what the local bands have been in the 
past to the various schools and to the 
Districts in which the schools are lo- 

The bands in the various schools have 
done noble work — have done much to 
stir up missionary zeal and enthusiasm 
in the schools and in the churches near 
the schools. But the influence has been 
more or less local and limited. And 
furthermore, the students are usually at 
the height of their missionary enthu- 
siasm and inspiration while they are in 
the school and associated with the band ; 
but when they get away from the school 
and out into the activities of life, so of- 
ten the missionary inspiration and as- 
piration wane, and many fail to live up 
to and to act in their greatest capacity. 

We have felt that a definite and 
united organization in the Church of 
the Brethren would hold us together 
and keep before us all more specifically 
the definite call to service wherever God 
and the church may beckon us. In this 
way when we get out of school or are 
deprived of the privileges of the local 
bands, we may still be more directly in 
touch with the work and feel more keen- 
ly our responsibility in the great mis- 
sionary endeavor. When we leave 
school and band relationships, we will 
still be connected with the united band 
and the church may know who the vol- 
unteers are. 

Thus with the need before us, and 
with the realization that much more ef- 
fective work can be accomplished by 
our united efforts, we have taken the 
initiatory step in organizing our forces 
in such a way that we hope not only 
that the present student generation may 
be strengthened and united in advanc- 
ing the cause of Christ, but also that the 
organization may continue and grow to 
be a mighty factor in the work of the 
Church of the Brethren, and in the 
evangelization of the world. 





We, the Volunteer Mission Bands of 

the Church of the Brethren, in order to 

bring about a closer union among the 

local bands, to be mutually helpful in 

the preparation for our life work, and 

to encourage missionary activity among 


The Missionary Visitor 


the young people of the church, do adopt 
for our direction the following consti- 
tution : 

Article I. — Name. 

The name of this organization shall 
be " The United Student Volunteers of 
the Church O'f the Brethren." 
Article II.— Motto. 

The motto of this organization shall 
be, "The Whole Wide World for 

Article III. — Purpose. 

The purpose of this organization is 
to encourage, through confederation and 
cooperation, the young people to con- 
secrate fully their lives to> special serv- 
ice for the Master, to stand firmly and 
definitely for missionary education and 
advancement throughout the Brother- 
hood, and to organize and maintain local 
Volunteer Bands in our schools. 

Article IV. — Membership. 

Section I. — The membership of this 
organization shall consist of those who 
have prayerfully considered and signed 
the following declaration : Whereas, 
My acceptance of Jesus Christ has 
brought me pardon and peace and re- 
sponsibility, and my study of His Word 
and of the field has confirmed my con- 
viction that " the Gospel is the power of 
God unto salvation," I hereby dedicate 
myself to special missionary service in 
whatever way God may direct, at any 
time, in any place, and at any cost. 

Section 2. — All missionaries of the 
Church of the Brethren who are now, 
or have been, on the foreign field, shall, 
by virtue of their special service, be ad- 
visory members of this Union. 

Section J. — All members of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board of the Church of the 
Brethren shall, by virtue of their office, 
be advisory members of this Union. 

Article V. — Officers. 

Section 1. — The officers of this union 
shall consist of President, First Vice- 
president, Second Vice-president, Ad- 

visory President, and Secretary-treasur- 

Section 2. — All members who are 
members of the Church of the Brethren 
shall be eligible to office. 

Section 3. — The officers of this or- 
ganization, except the Advisory Presi- 
dent, shall be elected at the meeting of 
the Union at each Annual Conference, 
and shall assume their duties at the 
close of said Conference, and shall serve 
throughout the following year. 

Section 4. — -The officers shall be nom- 
inated at the meeting and elected by bal- 

Section 5. — Either the President or 
one of the Vice-presidents shall be elect- 
ed from the college nearest the place 
of the next Annual Conference, if there 
are members of the Union at that col- 

Section 6. — The editor of the Mis- 
sionary Visitor shall, by virtue of his 
office, be an Advisory President of this 

Article VI.— Duties of Officers. 

Section 1. — It shall be the duty of 
the President to preside at all meetings 
of the Union, to fill all vacancies for 
the time being, to appoint all committees 
not otherwise provided for, and to per- 
form such other duties as his office may 

Section 2. — It shall be the duty of the 
First Vice-president to perform all du- 
ties of the President in the absence of 
that officer. 

Section j. — It shall be the duty of the 
Second Vice-president to perform all 
duties of the President in the absence of 
the President and the First Vice-pres- 
ident, to secure the information and to 
circulate the letters to the nurse-train- 
ing and medical students, as provided in 
Article X, Section 1. 

Section 4. — It shall be the duty of 
the Advisory President to assume offi- 
cial leadership at such times as it is im- 
possible for the regular officers to offi- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ciate, and to be an advisory member of 
the Executive Committee. 

Section 5. — It shall be the duty of the 
Secretary-treasurer to keep a careful 
record of the meetings, to prepare a re- 
port of the meetings of the Union held 
at Conference, and submit said report 
to the editor of the Missionary Visitor 
for publication, to receive the moneys 
and keep a correct account of the funds 
of the Union, to preserve a record of all 
the members, and to perform such other 
duties as his office may require. 
Article VII.— Meetings. 
There shall be held at least one regu- 
lar meeting during each Annual Con- 

Article VIII.— Committees. 
Section 1.— The Executive Commit- 
tee shall consist of the- President, First 
Vice-president, Secretary-treasurer, and 
Advisory President, whose duty it shall 
be to act upon all matters that can not 
be brought before the annual meeting 
of the Union. 

Section 2. — A Program Committee of 
three shall be elected by the Executive 
Committee and shall serve in the capaci- 
ty of arranging programs, publications, 
et cetera, as directed by the Executive 
Committee from time to time. 
Article IX.— Official Organ. 
The Missionary Visitor, pub- 
lished by the Brethren Publishing 
House, Elgin, 111., shall be the official 
organ of the Union. 

Article X. — Miscellany. 
Section 1. — Owing to the isolation of 
the nurse-training and medical students, 
the Union shall secure information as 
to needs, opportunities, et cetera, of the 
field from the medical missionaries or 
from other sources, and twice during 
the school year shall circulate letters 
with such information to said students 
who are members of the Union. The 
officer responsible for this duty is pro- 
vided for in Article VI, Section 3. 

Section 2. — A circle letter shall be 
used as a medium of correspondence 
among the various local Bands. 

Section j. — At least one article of a 
missionary and educational nature shall 
appear in the Missionary Visitor 
from each of the several local Bands 
each year. 

Section 4. — Each local Band shall 
send to the meeting of the Union as- 
sembled at Annual Conference a clear 
and definite report, setting forth the 
work of that Band during the year. 
Said report should be sent with a del- 
egate from that Band if possible. 

Section 5. — These reports from the 
various Bands shall be condensed and, 
together 'with a report of the business 
and other meetings of the Union, shall 
be published in the current number of 
the Visitor following Conference. 

Section 6. — A special effort shall be 
made to hold one public Volunteer meet- 
ing at each Conference, and for which 
a definite program shall be prepared. 
Article XI. — Amendments. 
This constitution may be amended by 
the consent of three-fourths of the 
Bands, four-fifths of the members of 
each Band in this case constituting a 
quorum. The decision shall be read at 
the regular annual meeting of the 

Constitutional Committee : 

Elgin S. Moyer, 
S. Florence Fogelsanger. 
H. P. Garner. 
The committee requests that the Pres- 
ident of each Volunteer Band bring the 
proposed constitution before the Band 
for consideration as soon as the Visitor 
is issued, and that each Band pass de- 
cision upon the constitution. We fur- 
ther ask that the decisions be sent at 
once to the chairman of the committee, 
so that they may be formally declared 


The Missionary Visitor 


at the meeting of the United Volunteers 
at the Annual Conference in June. 
Committee : 

Elgin S. Mover. Chairman. 

S. Florence Fogelsanger, 

H. P. Garner, 



J. M. Blough ' 

I WAS once a volunteer, and praise 
the Lord I am yet! The first 
thing I want to say about this is 
that every one who volunteers ought to 
know that it is a sin to break the prom- 
ise given to the Lord in good faith. 
When we are baptized we promise to 
live faithful unto death. I think it is 
a sin to break that promise. When we 
volunteer I take it that we volunteer 
for life. I did, and I am daily living in 
the spirit of that consecration. 

Let me tell you something. When 
the volunteer reaches the field it does 
not follow that he is released from his 
promise or pledge. There is great need 
for that same spirit on the field. For 
instance, a missionary must be willing 
to go anywhere in the work of the mis- 
sion and do any work which the Mis- 
sion Committee assigns. This he must 
do willingly and faithfully. If he fails 
in this, he is not a true volunteer. This 
same full consecration is needed daily 
on the field. 

In the second place I wish to say that 
every true Christian must be a volun- 
teer; he cannot be a Christian without 
being a volunteer. Is this a startling 
statement ? It was startling to me at one 
time. I remember well when a young 
man this conviction took hold of my 
mind. I could not get away from it. I 
examined it, and concluded that as for 
me, at least, I could not be what Christ 

wanted me to be without being a com- 
pletely surrendered volunteer for His 
service. To me it meant,' " Lord, may 
Thy will be done in my life." Can you 
be a Christian without being able to 
say this to your Lord and Master ? Dare 
you say to Him*, " Lord, I am willing 
to work here, but please do not send me 
away from home " ? That is not the 
spirit of the volunteer. Dare you say to 
Him, " Lord, I am willing to do this 
work, but .do not give me any other 
work " ? This is not the spirit of a true 

In the third place I want to explain 
what seems to me to be a proper vol- 
unteer, or the proper spirit to have in 
volunteering. Sometimes it is under- 
stood that to be a volunteer means that 
one has definitely decided to be a mis- 
sionary in a foreign field. It is a great 
purpose to be a foreign missionary, but 
to my mind it is a more desirable pur- 
pose to volunteer for work anywhere at 
God's call. Some volunteer for foreign 
work and later are easily turned from 
that purpose. Any little excuse eases 
their consciences and they stay at home, 
and many times do not engage even in 
direct Christian work. This brings the 
cause of volunteering into disrepute. To 
the Lord the world is the field, and 
what right have I to select any part of 
the world as the place where I should 
work? Do I propose to put my judg- 


The Missionary Visitor 


merit up against the wisdom of the All- 
wise God, Who desires to direct all ? To 
my mind it is just as wrong to say that 
I must work in the foreign field as it 
is to say that I will not work in the for- 
eign field. Here is what I prefer every 
volunteer should be willing to say : " I 
give myself fully to the work of the 
Lord, and will gladly serve Him any- 
where, at His call, whether at home or 
abroad." This is the best way to vol- 
unteer, for then in the event that one 
cannot go to the foreign field he will 
gladly and faithfully, in accordance with 
his purpose, do the Lord's work at 
home. This is full consecration. Such 
workers God can use to His glory. 
What would a nation think of a man 
who volunteered for the army or navy, 
and then specified that he would go only 
in case the army or navy went to a 
particular place? Useless volunteer! 
The proper volunteer will not specify 
the time or place, but will leave that 
with the great and wise Captain. " Send 
me anywhere, Lord, where I can do 
Thy will and serve Thee best." Can 
you say this, volunteer? If so, the Lord 
will use you. If not, then make a full 
surrender now. 

To' volunteer is to follow in the foot- 
steps of the blessed Master. It puts one 
in the line o>f greatest service and sac- 
rifice. Do you believe it? I do. The 
greater the sacrifice the greater the joy; 
the greater the service the greater the 
usefulness. Jesus gladly gave up the 
glories of heaven for the salvation of 
a needy world. The volunteer says, " I 
will follow Jesus in this most glorious 
service to save the world " — the 
WORLD, remember. We must have a 
world view, and then be willing to make 
any sacrifice which God's call may re- 
quire. Remember, volunteers ! Depri- 
vations, hardships, heartaches, burdens, 
bonds, sickness, death await you. It re- 
quires courage, faith, patience, perse- 
verance, zeal, dependence, submission, 

humility, and an abundance of LOVE. 
Are you equipped ? " More and more, 
like Thee, O Savior, let me be." 

There have been many volunteers in 
the past, and I am glad to say that many 
have gone into both home and foreign 
fields. There are quite a number of vol- 
unteers in our colleges now — not as 
many as there should be — but to me 
the saddest thing about volunteering is 
that so many are turned out of their 
course and lose their noble purpose. 
Sometimes volunteers take a mistaken 
position and thus their course ends in 
sorrow. But see here ! Are you sure 
you are where God wants you? Why 
did you enter another profession ? Why 
did you gO' to making money? Was it 
because the Mission Board turned you 
down? Had you not enough grace then 
to work at home? I am not in the least 
concerned about those who- are where 
God put them. Whether at home or 
abroad they will glorify Him. But I 
feel sad about those who- refuse to put 
their lives into God's hands completely, 
or, having volunteered, turn back from 
that purpose. I fear it is a sin. Think 
of the seriousness of it. It imperils the 
peace and development of the soul. 
And, volunteers, do not be afraid to' let 
the Mission Boards know your purpose, 
and first and last be true to your God. 

Bulsar, India. 


(Continued from Page 92.) 

and in some small way to strengthen 
those who do stand amid life's battles, 
through our prayers, which may possess 
more power " than this world dreams 
of." To all other bands we send our 
heartiest greetings and the prayer that 
we all may prove true followers of the 
Light of the World, in Whom is found 
light, liberty and life. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Our Mission Force at Ping- Ting Hsien Station, 

Bro. Crumpacker was working the camera and 
is not included in the photo. 


F. H. Crumpacker 

IT may be interesting to know that 
many of the plans and air castles 
a volunteer has while in college are 
simply forgotten when one meets the en- 
emy. I wish it were possible for me to 
present something to the young volun- 
teers concerning their preparation. Suf- 
fice it to say that if one cannot make 
things go at home, do> not apply to the 
Board to come to the foreign field. I 
could write in a way that would discour- 
age, but that is not my purpose, for I 
think that the young life found in our 
Volunteer Bands is made of the most 
spiritual blood that flows in the veins of 
men and women. Real character is dis- 
played by a young life planning definite- 
ly to' answer the Lord's call to go to 
the most neglected part of the field. 

What about the work ? Well, we must 
be manly men, if men, and womanly 
women, if women. Take this for all 
that it means. Once on the field we 
must be generals. We must be full of 
sympathy. We cannot help but be plod- 

ders. We must know the Bible. We 
should have all the knowledge besides 
that of the Bible which it is possible for 
us to get. In the presence of death we 
are to be the doctor, the nurse, the 
sympathizer, the undertaker, the preach- 
er, and probably the coolie to help do 
the lowly work. On Sunday we are 
filled with interest in what we are to 
preach, but possibly when one is in the 
midst of his best thought he is sum- 
moned by the men in the yard, or some 
one arises to induce the people to come 
in and sit down. This makes about as 
much noise as is required to get that 
many cattle into their stalls. 

But, you protest, that is not mission 
work. Well, how is this? The people 
think there is nothing that will take the 
place oi the idols in their homes. What 
will you say to them? Their anecstors 
for generations had idols, and how are 
they to honor their parents if they put 
away the things most precious to their 
parents? That is only part of it. How 


The Missionary Visitor 


will we get them to know that the 
Christ Whom we preach is or was any- 
thing more than a man like Confucius 
or Mencius ? Remember all the time 
that you are talking to heathen, who 
know nothing or little even of Chris- 
tian terms. Then how much do we de- 
pend on prayer to solve these difficul- 
ties? Do we really believe the Lord 
will answer our " whatsoever we ask " ? 

These are only a few of the difficult 
things. But what about helping thou- 
sands who pass our view every few 
days? They are away from the Lord — 
many of them simply because they have 
never heard of Him. Some, to be sure, 
are away because they won't have Him. 
But the thousands that I speak of are 
away because they have not had a 
chance to hear about Him. They are 
lost. They are LOST ! LOST ! This I 
mean, and who is to blame? O Volun- 
teers ! Stop a moment and think what 
it would mean to you if your school- 
mate should make, out of a brick, an 
image of a man. Then, worse yet, what 
if he should place that over his table in 
his room? When the battle was hard 
with him he would fall on the floor, 
very reverently before that, and pray to 
it to help him. Can the brick hear his 
cry? I leave you to> answer. What 
about the more than three hundred mil- 
lions of Chinese who have just such a 
thing to come to when happy or when 
in sorrow? At times they bring their 
best food and place it before the idol. 
Then, when the worshiper is gone, some 
one much more alive than the idol gets 
the food. Is there any reason why our 
best young life should not be spent to 
heal this disease? Save the millions! 

Christ came to save that which is lost. 
Are these just mentioned in that state? 
If so are we to imitate Christ's example ? 
I do not call you to an easy task, dear 
young people. No ; the days are some- 
times hot. The strain is almost more 
than human effort can stand. The fuel 

is bad, the tire goes wrong, the rest is 
not on a soft bed at night. The air is 
stifling, and even at times kills. But 
God still leads on and calls to all of 
Gideon's faithful to follow in the Mas- 
ter's steps. Do you want to kneel at the 
brook and take the easy way? If so, 
Gideon does not choose you for the bat- 
tle that is won by keeping an eye on the 
enemy. The load pulls heavy. Friends 
at home "are not in sympathy. The 
church complains if we call for funds 
to do the Lord's work. But HE has 
promised never to leave those who are 
seeking the ninety-nine who are lost. 
The parable must be reversed. One is 
in the fold. Ninety-nine are lost in the 
desert. Will we leave the one in the 
fold and seek the lost ? The mountains 
are cold. The valleys are dark. The 
enemy lurks there, but the lost are suf- 
fering. What would we do- to save 
them ? 

A few days ago we heard of a number 
of foreigners who were in the hands 
of brigands, held for a ransom. The 
Christian world was stirred almost to a 
frenzy. What was the stir about? To 
save the physical life of a few people. 
Now, what about the hundreds — yes, 
thousands and even millions — that are 
held by the enemy of our souls ? Are 
these souls not worth finding? If not, 
I challenge you to tell your Lord why. 
If you are a volunteer, and have not 
gone to the field, or are thinking of 
giving it up, meet the Lord in the open ; 
tell Him that the souls He created are 
not worth saving. I am sure that these 
prodigals are in filth and rags, away 
from home; yes, feeding on the husks, 
and some do not even have husks. Here 
they are — a parish of several thousand 
souls ; not an easy task. 

I used to make an illustration while 
in college. It went like this : A young 
doctor was ready for practice. Here is 
the town. One side of a river that 
runs through the town has a hundred 


The Missionary Visitor 


thousand people and a practicing phy- 
sician to every three hundred people. 
On the other side of the river are the 
slums. Three hundred million people 
and about one doctor to every million 
and a half. Where can the young doc- 
tor settle to get the most practice? Now 
I am in the slums.' I think the picture 
a very tame one. 

Here are three hundred million. The 
plague is sweeping them away by the 
thousands daily. The other side of the 
river has an occasional death. Many are 
cases of suicide. I have the key to heal 
the plague. Will I hold the key and stay 
on that side of the river, where there are 
only a scattering few? I need not an- 
swer, only be assured that unless I use 

the key it will rust and crumble in my 
hand, and in the crumbling I fear the 
consequences to the hand that holds it 
and will not cross the sea to use it. 

May God help the volunteers to has- 
ten with all speed to the scene of a 
mighty conflict ! Nothing easy here. 
Every bit of it is hard work. Every 
night finds a tired body and every day 
finds aching muscles. The Lord traveled 
to Golgotha. Mary went to the tomb, 
knowing that she was not able to roll 
the stone away. She 'came to the tomb 
and found that the Lord had preceded 
her. May our confidence grow in Him. 
May we save for Him a few. By this 
I mean may we be willing to be His in- 
struments to heal the blighting disease 
that kills the soul in hell. 


E. H. Eby 

OUR colleges are recruiting stations 
for missions. Two streams 
should flow from every school : 
the largest, consisting of the great mass 
of the student body, going out as ardent 
advocates of missions in their home 
communities and substantial supporters 
of the enterprise by means of their oc- 
cupation, business, trade or profession ; 
the other, the smaller, but composed of 
the best students in college, to flow out 
to a needy world in India, China, South 
America, Africa. It is of this last 
stream of influence we are to think. 

It is composed of volunteers, who are 
fully dedicated to God for service on 
the foreign field, " if God permit." They 
are willing to go to the place of greatest 
need. They express their purpose by 
signing the Volunteer Declaration card, 
which should be sent to the Mission 
Board, or some statement by which the 

Board may know of the purpose of the 

For purposes of mutual helpfulness, 
prayer and aggressive service in the col- 
lege the volunteers for foreign mis- 
sions should meet and form a simple or- 
ganization, known as a Volunteer Band. 
Let it be noted that this band is not to 
gather up all students who have some 
notion of doing Christian work, or who 
have even felt a call to the foreign field. 
Its members should be those whose pur- 
poses are definite, whose names are 
with the Mission Board, and who are 
ready to> be called out when properly 
trained. This will increase the quality 
of the Volunteer Band, even if it does 
diminish its number as at present con- 
stituted in some places. 

It will not contain those who are only 
beginning their literary course and have 
studied the mission field but little. For 



The Missionary Visitor 


until one's map includes the whole 
world, one is not in a position to know 
God's will for his or her life. Volun- 
teering presupposes a broad and careful 
study of the world field. This band 
will not include those who have made 
matrimonial alliances with those not 
volunteers, nor those who would make 
the band meetings a social gathering in- 
stead of a meeting to do business for 
the King. It should not include those 
who, holding the confidence of the 
school, because of the fact of their being 
volunteers, take undue liberties in regard 
to their love affairs, violating the rules 
of the school and their own best in- 
terests. It will not include any who 
are entangled in a business enterprise 
from which they are unable or unwill- 
ing to cut loose. 

On the other hand, every effort will 
be made to strengthen the ties that bind 
one to the chosen field of service. The 
volunteer will make every activity of 
college life conform to this one purpose 
and to serve this end. He will take 
the best possible care of his body, in 
view of the strains bound to come upon 
one's physical being in a tropical climate. 
He will consecrate and develop all his 
intellectual powers, with a view to meet- 
ing and solving hard problems on the 
mission field. He will develop a posi- 
tive, self-reliant, spiritual life by form- 
ing the undiscourageable habit of spend- 
ing the first hour of the day alone with 
God and the Bible. He will seek to 

become a faithful intercessor. For, re- 
membering that he is going to the mis- 
sion field, not to talk to people about 
Jesus, but to live Him, to represent Him, 
the volunteer will give himself to very 
definite Bible study, with a view to con- 
forming his own life in every particular 
to its teaching. He will use the splen- 
did opportunity afforded by college life 
to become a soul winner; for, unless 
he can bring a fellow-student to the 
Master he need not entertain large hopes 
of being an efficient winner of souls out 
of college. For all this spiritual equip- 
ment he will wait on God for the bap- 
tism of the Holy Spirit. He will set up 
the cross in his own life, as that is to 
be his message to men, whether he goes 
as an educational, medical, industrial or 
evangelistic missionary. 

If the Volunteer Bands will thus raise 
their standard and limit the conditions 
of membership, as outlined above, it is 
apparent that the query at the head of 
this paper will be answered and the 
bands will become a definite and de- 
pendable recruiting station for the Gen- 
eral Mission Board. Proper care at the 
beginning — i. e., at the time of entering 
the band — then prayerful, determined, 
consistent activity as a volunteer through 
the remaining years or months of life 
in college, will, with the help of the 
Spirit of God, conserve the forces of 
the Volunteer Band and release them 
ultimately where the Lord of the har- 
vest appoints, to the good of humanity 
and the glory of God. 


S. P. Berkebile 

The What: 

All Christian service is voluntary. 
God does not want, nor can He use in 
His service, people who must be drafted. 

One missionary has said, " We need 

men, and funds are necessary to carry 
on the work, but above all we need more 
of the love of Christ. It will solve the 
entire problem." " The greatest of 
these is love." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Love will lead a man or woman to 
sacrifice time, talent and money, and not 
call it sacrificing. 

Love will drive men into the most 
difficult places, and into the darkest 
regions of the world to carry the Light. 

" If ye love Me, keep My command- 
ments " — not just the ordinances or sac- 
raments, , but commandments! Now 
let us consider the last great command : 
" Go ye into all the world." " If ye 
love Me," then " go." Is not that the 
thought? Love leads me to obey the 
" all things," and in the same verse in 
which we find the " all things " is the 
"Go ye into all the world." 

A knowledge of the field is necessary. 
Jesus said, " Lift up your eyes, and look 
on the fields, that they are white al- 
ready unto harvest." 

" Look on the fields," get a close view, 
by reading good books on missions. 

Then, when He sent out the seventy, 
He said, " Pray ye therefore the Lord 
of the harvest, that He send forth 
laborers into His harvest," because " the 
harvest indeed is plenteous, but the 
laborers are few." " Go your ways." 
Three wonderful words all to the same 
persons. " Look" " Pray" " Go." 

The Why: 

First, because the work is the Lord's 
and I am His child. I am interested in 
the things of my Father. Second, be- 
cause Jesus died that none be lost, but 
that all should be saved, by faith in 
Him. Faith comes by hearing the Word, 
but "how shall they hear without a 
preacher" or some one to tell them? 

Another reason why young men and 
women should volunteer for Christian 
service is because of the urgent need. 
Witness Africa, with its 90,000,000 pa- 
gans—jewels in the rough ; India and 
China, with their hosts of reachables, 
with a good work started by us, as a 
church, in both fields, and these fields 
in dire need of new recruits, so as to 
hold the ground already gained, and to 

reach out into vast territory, as yet un- 

The spirit says, " Who will come to 
the help of the. Lord against the 
mighty ? " 

In the business world men go to fields 
of greatest opportunity. Will we al- 
low the children of the world to be 
wiser than the children of light? 

Witness the size of parishes at home 
and abroad : 

United States 626 

Africa 81,575 

Korea 133,608 - 

Japan 166,400 

' South America 181,741 

India 232,056 

China 471,253 

Where is the field of greatest op- 
portunity? The 626 have the Bible, or 
may have it; they have Sunday-schools, 
prayer meetings and church sen-ices, 
or may have them if they will, but 
how about the other parishes ? 

How true, as one has said, " There 
is offered to the young men and women 
of the twentieth century no greater op- 
portunity for noble service and superb 
heroism than the contest which is now 
on for pagan Africa." 

Many things that men attempt to do, 
of a secular nature, in the end bring 
failure and regret ; but in mission work, 
NEVER ! There are discouragements, 
and instances when the reaping time has 
been delayed, but success is as sure as 
the promises of God, and all would say, 
concerning the field in which they labor 
or have labored, as did Bishop McKen- 
zie, " If I had a thousand lives to live, 
I would give them all to Africa." 

David Livingstone once said, " It is 
something to be a missionary. The 
morning stars sang together and all 
the sons of God shouted for joy when 
they saw the field which the first mis- 
sionary was to fill. The great and ter- 
rible God, before Whom angels veil 
their faces, had an only Son, and He 


The Missionary Visitor 


was sent to earth as a Missionary Phy- 
sician. It is something to be a follow- 
er, however feeble, in the wake of the 
Great Teacher and only Model Mis- 
sionary that ever appeared among men, 
and now that He is Head over all things, 
King of kings and Lord of lords, what 
commission is equal to that which the 
missionary holds for Him? May I ven- 
ture to invite voting men of education, 

when laying down the plan of their lives, 
to take a glance at that of missionary. 
We will magnify the office! For my 
own part, I never cease to rejoice that 
God has appointed me to such an of- 

" I heard the voice of the Lord, say- 
ing. Whom shall I send, and who will 
go for Us? Then I said, Here am I; 
send me." 


Chas. W. Eisenbise 

MANY missionary authorities 
agree that the most difficult 
task confronting the Christian 
church today is the evangelization of the 
Moslems. Three hundred millions 
strong, each one more or less a mission- 
ary for his faith, they form a phalanx 
which, but a few years past, presented an 
unbroken front. Now, however, for the 
first time in the history of the world the 
whole of Christianity stands facing the 
whole of the Mohammedan world. 
Zealous in the creed of Islam, they have 
pushed their missionary propaganda in 
every direction, and 8,000 of this faith 
are to be found within our own borders. 
The magnitude of this task of evan- 
gelization is in itself a mighty challenge 
to the followers of Christ. But the call 
comes the more urgently today because 
of the swinging open of the great door 
into this field, as a result of events in 
the history of the Moslem world. Re- 
cently the followers of the False Proph- 
et have beheld the occupation of Mo- 
rocco, the sacrifice of Tripoli, the part- 
ing with Persia, and the defeat of Tur- 
key by the Balkan Allies, — all of which 
has brought them no comfort. 

Dr. Zwemer, an able authority on 
Moslem world conditions, says: 
" Everywhere Moslems are bemoaning 
the fact that the day of opportunity is 

lost, that their religion is on the de- 
cline, and that its ideals are not high 
enough to bear comparison with those 
of Christianity." While this condition 
stirs the most fanatical to greater dili- 
gence, thousands of others are weaken- 
ing in their faith, and the call comes to 

Thousands of their boys and girls are 
available for the mission schools, and 
the parents are pleading for them. One 
of our own party to Palestine and Ara- 
bia in 1910, while at Beersheba heard 
the fathers begging for missionaries 
from Hebron to come to them and start 
schools for their children. But, unlike 
in the home field, where each Christian 
has but two others to gain to make 
America Christian, each lone worker in 
Arabia, Persia and kindred Mohamme- 
dan lands has an average pastorate of 
70,000 souls. The scarcity of workers, 
in view of the appalling need, ought to 
be a call to you, my brother, sister, if 
you really love Christ. 

The deep, dark night of ignorance 
and superstition still reigns. In most 
Moslem communities illiteracy runs as 
high as 90 per cent. In Persia and Ara- 
bia the infantile death rate is from 75 
per cent to 85 per cent, due to the gross 
ignorance of the motherhood of the land. 
With girls married at eight years of age, 


The Missionary Visitor 


how could it be otherwise? No deep, 
tender love as instilled by the Spirit of 
Christ is found there. As paradoxical 
as it may seem, the Arabs of the penin- 
sula* and of Africa are known to be po- 
lite, good natured, lively, manly, patient, 
courageous and hospitable to a fault. 
Against this are seen contention, un- 
truthfulness, sensuality, distrust, cov- 
etousness, pride and superstition. Oh, 
that these latter qualities might be erad- 
icated and the former strengthened by 
the atoning blood of the Christ ! It may 
be so, it can be thus, if we heed the call. 
It is my call. It is your call. 

The creed of Mohammed is not yet 
dead, although dying, and there are 
"' scar-marks " for those who love the 
Christ enough to answer the call; but 
the " scar-marks that we have received 
in behalf of Christ are the only tests of 
our faithfulness as followers of the 
crucified Christ." Listen! 

" The strings of camels come in single 
Bearing their burdens o'er the desert 
Swiftly the boats go plying on the Nile, 
The needs of men are met on every 
But still I wait 

For the messenger of God who cometh 

"I see the cloud of dust rise in the plain, 
The measured tread of troops falls on 
the ear; 
The soldier comes the empire to main- 
Bringing the pomp of war, the reign 
of fear. 
But still I wait; 
The messenger of Peace, he cometh late. 

" They set me looking o'er the desert drear, 
Where broodeth darkness as the deep- 
est night. 
From many a mosque there comes the 
call to prayer; 
I hear no voice that calls on Christ 
for light. 
But still I wait 

For the messenger of Christ who com- 
eth late." 
J5<5 South Homan Ave., Chicago. 

"WHERE ARE THE NINE?"»Luke 17:17 

J. M. Pittenger 

JESUS was on His way through Gal- 
ilee and Samaria to Jerusalem. One 
day, while in or near a Samaritan 
village, He met ten men by the wayside. 
They stood afar off, for they were 
leprous. But over the space between 
them and Him went their piteous cry, 
" Jesus, Master, have mercy on us." 
Before this cry was uttered, Jesus saw — 
yes, He knew — not only their need, but 
also the desire of their hearts. 

As simple and as earnest, even, as 
the cry of these men, was the reply of 
the Master, " Go, and show yourselves 
unto the priests." 

There can be no doubt that some, at 
least, of these men were Jews and knew 
the significance of the Master's reply — 
that it presaged healing. That all were 

healed there can be no doubt. This is 
clearly implied in the question put to 
the one who returned. He was a Sa- 
maritan, and yet the Master justified 
him in returning ere he had time to 
reach the priests. Even so would He 
have done unto each and all of the oth- 
ers. What think you, reader? 

As was the faith of the Samaritan, 
even so was it unto him. How could 
it have been less with the others? 

For twelve years or more an influence 
has been at work in our colleges which 
has led quite a number of our young 
men and women to declare it as their 
purpose to give their life and services 
to the Master. 

It is not my intention in this paper 
to show, in detail, how this influence 


The Missionary Visitor 


brought about this result. Suffice it to 
say that a closer study of God's Word, 
a fuller and more definite communion 
with Him, and a more or less careful 
study of the conditions and needs of 
people in heathen lands were the first 
and most important reasons which 
brought about this desire and its con- 
sequent as well as subsequent expres- 
sion of purpose. 

A comparison of the number of these 
men and women who have actually, by 
God's help, carried out this resolution, 
and those who have not, reveals the 
sad and startling fact that the number 
of the former in comparison with the 
latter is dangerously near the same 
proportion of the one who was healed, 
although a Samaritan, to those who re- 
turned not to give thanks for being 
cured of the most loathsome and hence 
most dreadful of human diseases. 

As one is led to query why the nine 
did not return to thank the One Whom 
they called Jesus — Master— even so 
does the question come, " Why did not 
each and all of these men and women 
go forth, by God's help, to a fulfilment 
of the purpose which had become so 
vital to them that they were willing, be- 
fore God and men, to express it? 

As the reasons assigned for not so do- 
ing might become many in number, were 
these volunteers interviewed, one by 
one, it seems that after all had been 
heard and classified there would be but 
two kinds found. Those of the one kind 
are real or true, and hence worthy of 
consideration; the others but fanciful — 
unreal and certainly not worthy of con- 

Of the former class it will be well to 
notice that there are those reasons which 
have to do only with the individual con- 
cerned; i. e., they arise within him as 
influenced inwardly or outwardly. Sec- 
ond, there are those that arise entirely 
without the individual. These may have 
their source in men or in God. 

Of these three classes the only ones 
always safe to follow are those which 
have their source in God. These may 
be followed upon all occasions without 
fear of doing wrong. 

A second question asserts itself in 
connection with the knowledge that so 
few of these volunteers have gone forth 
to the fulfilment of their expressed in- 
tention. The question is, " If these vol- 
unteers felt called of God to express the 
purpose they did, how or why would 
God lead them away from the accom- 
plished of that purpose ? " It is self- 
evident that God could not and did not 
lead in both instances. 

In case we admit God's leading in 
either one of the instances, the change 
of thought and consequent action of the 
individual must be most marked. God 
alone can know the measure of this 

Let us grant that God did lead them 
to resolve to give their promise to serve 
Him in the way they expressed a de- 
sire to do. Then we are made to won- 
der increasingly how these dear ones 
could or did allow any reason other than 
a God-born, God-given one to change 
them. It causes a most solemn fear to 
come to one to think how awfully de- 
structive such a change must be, first 
to the individual in or with whom it 
occurs, and next, to a greater or less 
extent, upon the lives of those who 
heard the expression of their purpose 
and later saw their failure in carrying 
it out. 

It is not the intent, neither is it the 
right, of the writer to condemn a single 
one of these dear ones who expressed 
this noble purpose. They, with our 
Lord and Master, know why they did 
not go forth to its fulfillment. Before 
Him and Him only must their reasons 
for so doing stand or fall. 

The heart of every true Christian 
goes out and up in deepest and tenderest 
sympathy to these dear ones for not 
being able to carry out so noble a life 


The Missionary Visitor 


purpose. That many of them would this help continue to be withheld ? Here 

have done so, had human help been at is a most vital and far-reaching- ques- 

hand in some God-given and God-direct-, tion for our leaders in the church to 

ed way, there can be no doubt. Shall solve. 


A. C. Wieand 

MISSION work is pioneer work. 
The missionary is a pioneer. A 
good pioneer would make a 
good missionary. The peoples of pagan 
lands are not only unchristianized; they 
are also almost uncivilized — at least to 
a greater or less degree in a barbarous 
state of civilization. They are almost 
as backward in all other things as they 
are in religion. Their industry is be- 
hind; their agriculture is very elemen- 
tary; their economical and social con- 
ditions very primitive. There is almost 
no systematic and intelligent education. 

This means that there will be many 
hardships for the missionary to face; 
and he must be willing and able to " en- 
dure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus 
Christ." It means also that the mission- 
ary must do many things besides preach- 
ing the Gospel. He must plan and build 
houses ; he must make roads ; he must 
do service in sanitation; he must or- 
ganize schools and set on foot indus- 
tries ; he must be a good financier and 
control economic conditions ; he must in- 
troduce sane and rational methods of 

The missionary, then, must be an all- 
round man, with many-sided interests 
and a versatile mind. And he must 
have an all-round training. He should 
be prepared to organize and superintend 
educational work, industrial work, med- 
ical work and social reforms. Happy 
is he if, having been brought up on a 
farm, he has learned thirty-five or more 
occupations incidentally. If, further- 

more, his training has been scientifically 
rectified and more or less perfected in a 
manual training school and in college, 
according to modern ideas of the best 
educational thought — ■ 

But the foundation motive for all the 
work the missionary will wish to do is 
spiritual. The reason why he goes at 
all as a missionary, the reason why he 
does anything and everything, is that he 
may prove a blessing to the people spir- 
itually. The spiritual motive must be 
all-pervasive ; there must be the religious 
motive or else he is not a missionary 
but an economic pioneer. 

Indeed, sometimes I think that the 
medical and educational and industrial 
missionaries should be more proficient 
in religious and spiritual attainments be- 
fore going to their work than the evan- 
gelistic missionary, because the evangel- 
istic missionary will have continuous 
opportunity and stimulus to continue 
along spiritual lines of study and re- 
search and culture, whereas the medical 
and educational missionaries will be so 
overwhelmed with secular duties that 
if they are not very careful their work 
will soon become a matter of routine, 
and will be almost devoid of spiritual 
power or suggestion. A study of medi- 
cal and educational and industrial mis- 
sions gives one an almost irresistible 
impression that they are entirely too 
much divorced from spiritual things. 

When our Lord and His apostles went 
out to proclaim a new religion they did 
a great deal of physical healing as well 


The Missionary Visitor 


as spiritual teaching. But our Lord, es- 
pecially, in almost every one of His mir- 
acles, turned it to account as a means 
of communicating spiritual truth. 

The reason why educational and med- 
ical missions are lame at this point is 
because the missionaries in these de- 
partments have had training along the 
lines of their specialties, but almost no 
biblical and spiritual training of any- 
thing like a systematic and adequate 
nature. Every missionary, whatever his 
line of work may be, should be 
thoroughly filled with the Word of God 
and full of the Holy Ghost, so that this 
Spirit may pervade all the work he may 
do, of whatever character ; in the next 
place, that he may seize every oppor- 
tunity to help people spiritually — oppor- 
tunities, many of them, which will never 
come to anyone else, and which he can- 
not possibly turn over to anybody else. 

Again, he will need this for his own 
spiritual health. He must have an in- 
tense and insatiable love for his Bible, 
a habit of daily devotional Bible study 
and prayer; but this he can never have 
unless he has acquired, under scientific 
training, right habits and methods of 
Bible study. 

Another condition, which makes a 
somewhat thorough knowledge of the 
Bible a prime qualification of the mis- 
sionary, is the fact that the missionary, 
being as he usually must be most of 
the time, isolated from his compeers in 
religious and spiritual attainments, can- 
not lean upon anyone else nor go to any- 
one else for spiritual help and refresh- 
ing. And unless he is an expert in 
knowing how to g;o to the Word of 

God and His Spirit in real Bible study 
and prayer for this help, he will become 
spiritually famished and religiously 

Added to this, multitudes of others 
will come to him for all kinds of spir- 
itual help, not only in masses, but as in- 
dividuals. And if he have not learned 
to deal with individual souls, skillfully 
to diagnose the trouble and to apply the 
specific, he is not equal to his oppor- 
tunities. Such skill can come in spir- 
itual things only as it does to the phy- 
sician of the body — through systematic 
and scientific training — not in other 
things, but in the cure of souls. 

Another reason that makes it impera- 
tive that the missionary should know 
his Bible is that, in pagan lands, far 
more than at home, he will have to meet, 
single-handed and alone, many attacks- 
of false religions; and if he does not 
know his Bible he will have only his own 
opinions to oppose to them. 

But most of all the missionary must 
have a thoroughgoing mastery of the 
Bible, because it is " the sword of the 
Spirit," because it is " the power of 
God unto salvation," because it is the 
revealed will of God, because it is 
" profitable for doctrine, for reproof, 
for correction, for instruction in right- 
eousness," because it was given by God, 
" that the man of God may be perfect 
and completely furnished unto every 
good work." Without it, whatever else 
his attainments or excellence, he will 
be like an intelligent, valiant and stal- 
wart soldier going to battle with neither 
armor nor weapons. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Henry : 

Bro. Early and I arrived in Shanghai, 
the headquarters of all missionary op- 
erations in China — the Jerusalem for all 
missionaries of the interior — the place 
where our first missionaries landed five 
years ago — yesterday morning at a lit- 
tle after seven. After breakfast at 
Evans' " Missionary Home," we hunted 
up the North German Lloyd Steamship 
Company offices and engaged passage, 
second class, on the Yorck, sailing today 
for Italy and touching points en route. 
We bought to Colombo, where we go 
north into India. After a little shopping 
it was afternoon ; Bro. Early chose to re- 
main in his room to write. I went forth 
to see what could be seen in two hours' 

I chanced first upon the Methodist 
Publishing House, and as I had not 
smelled printer's ink for months I 
turned in. I was interested. The mana- 
ger's office was on the second floor, and 
directly connected with the book room. 
Mr. Cowen, the manager, received me 
cordially and himself showed me the 

First, there was the composing room, 
and that means something in Chinese. 
The modern font of type now has 8,100 
characters, and the " boys " who have it 
in charge can find every one of these 
characters as quickly as can our home 
typesetters any one of less than fifty in 
the case. The Chinese alphabet is an 
" evolution," they tell me. That is, a 
word is made up of " marks," each one 
in certain positions having a certain 
meaning. A contributor in discussing a 
subject wants a new word to express 
his shade of thought. He makes the 
character and sends it in. They must 
engrave and cast the letter before they 
can print. So they have skilled work- 
men cutting- out letters all the time. 

They make their own type from a mono- 
type casting machine, by far the cheap- 
est method of securing type, for lead 
is cheaper in China than at home. They 
stereotype, electrotype, print and bind 
for mission and commercial purposes. 
The pressroom is on the first floor, and 
there I saw the familiar " Miehle " press 
that looked wonderfully homelike to 

I did not ask definitely, but I should 
judge they have between seventy-five 
and 100 employees, and the wages range 
between 75 cents and $15 per month, 
gold. Of course the employee boards 
and rooms himself. The women in the 
bindery, folding and gathering just as 
steadily and apparently as swiftly as 
those in the States, were being paid 
$1.50 per month. They dress well from 
all appearances, and I am still guessing 
how they can do it. But that is the 
mystery of China. The foreman of the 
bindery is the highest paid man — $15 
per month gold. Paper is cheap in Chi- 
na — that is, the Chinese kind — and most 
of their books are printed on one side 
only, the sheet folded at the outer edge 
and sewed or stapled at the cut edge. 
That is the Chinese style of making a 

The printing plant is one of two (the 
other at Singapore) which are paying 
an interest on investment and salaries 
of all connected with them. If editions 
were large China would be a wonder in 
the bookmaking field. If it had not been 
for the bulk I should have brought 
home a Chinese New Testament, as 
large as an ordinary teacher's Bible in 
long primer type, with as many pages 
in it, all for 15 cents. It is an illustra- 
tion of product in China. 

From there I found the China Inland 
Mission headquarters the next door. 
Good enough! I called and was re- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ceived most cordially by the matron of 
the " Home." It was just tea time and 
I was urged to take tea with the people 
present. Some twenty came to the din- 
ing room — mostly missionaries from the 
interior, who had come to the coast to 
meet their children returning from 
school at Cheefu for the holiday vaca- 
tion. The Inland Mission has a school 
and educates its missionary children 
without cost to the parents. As a result 
of this large-hearted dealing they save 
most of the children for the work later 
on, and it is worth the effort. The child 
knows nothing of the heartaches of long 
separation, as even one family of our 
mission has already suffered. 

I sat opposite a couple whose station 
is three months interior. They must go 
by boat upstream no faster than a walk. 
After tea Mr. Parry, son of a mis- 
sionary twenty-nine years on the field, 
was asked to show me the property. 
He took me first to the chapel. Perhaps 
I should have given you a crude ground 
plan of the compound, and then you 
could have followed me better. 

I should judge that the grounds oc- 
cupy nearly two acres, and, with the 
buildings now upon them, are the gift 
of one patron to the mission. They 
would not let me use his name in print, 
though I have it. You know the Inland 
Mission never prints publicly the name 
of any donor, whether the gift be large 
or small. I like that spirit, too, as well 
as their plan to ask the Lord and not 
the people for the funds needed for 
their work. 

Mr. Parry did not take me into the 
hospital, but direct to the chapel— a 
good, plain room in which to worship. 
On one side of the pulpit is painted a 
large ribbon with Chinese characters. 
At the bottom is " Thy kingdom come " ; 
on the other side a similar ribbon and 
at the bottom " Ebenezer." To the left 
of the pulpit, on the side wall, is a 
beautiful tablet in black, with letters in 

gold and red, in memory of James Hud- 
son Taylor. The lines are arranged like 


Loving Memory 


James Hudson Taylor 

The Beloved Founder of the 

China Inland Mission. 


In Barnsley, Yorkshire, England 

May 21st, 1832 

Sailed for China 

From Liverpool, Sept. 19, 1853 


At Changshe, Hunan 

June 3rd, 1905 
"Have Faith in God." 

Erected by 

The Missionaries of the 

China Inland Mission. 

Farther back on the same wall, per- 
haps twenty feet square, is painted a 
good map of all China, showing the 
mission stations of the China Inland 
Mission; a tiptop idea for special 
prayers for all the stations, workers and 
native church. How readily the eve of 
the worshiper could look on the spot 
where help was needed, for which in- 
tercession should be raised ! 

On the opposite wall is another tablet, 
in black and gold, giving the list of 
martyred missionaries of the Boxer Re- 
bellion. Below are these very sug- 
gestive words: 

" He will swallow up Death in Vic- 
tory, and the Lord God will wipe away 
tears from all faces" (Isa. 25: 8). 

Next was the business department. 
The treasurer's office and the assistant 
himself were full of interest. The store- 
room was practical indeed, for the mis- 
sion buys up every needed article of 
food and clothing for a home in quan- 
tity prices from the markets of the world 
and ships it here. Here are found med- 
icines, foods, clocks — everything need- 
ful. Through the provincial secretaries 


The Missionary Visitor 


this is sent out to the workers accord- 
ing to their orders. A catalogue is 
printed with order numbers. For in- 
stance, a toothbrush that would cost at 
home a quarter, and here not less than 
40 cents on the Shanghai markets, is 
supplied to the missionaries for 18 cents. 
This means a great saving to the mis- 
sionaries and the mission, for one must 
remember that the Inland missionaries 
do not have a stipulated salary per year, 
but on a certain basis each one receives 
his portion of the sum total of the 
amount sent by the Lord for their work. 
If it is much they are expected to use 
it frugally for the Lord; if it is little 
they are expected to get along with it 
and be satisfied, happy and willing to 
work trustfully. 

They have also provided one large 
room, well arranged, where the mission- 
ary going home on furlough can store 
such things as he does not care to leave 
at his station. This, with the rooms of 
the home, is free to the missionaries 
while in Shanghai. They need only pay 
actual cost of food while there. 

Then we visited the secretary's room 
and found him well equipped for the 
large work. You see, Henry, the China 
Inland Mission has about a thousand 
stations, beside outstations, and that 
makes a lot of business for the secre- 
tary. But they have good facilities for 
handling the work, and that makes it 
pleasant and enables one to get rid of 
a lot of it. A call at the mailing depart- 
ment, and last of all on the father of 
the young man who showed me around, 
completed my visit. This father was 
a little, sinewy man and did not look 
old enough for the father of the one 
who was with me. He has been twen- 
ty-nine years on the field, and in that 
time has had two furloughs. Upon in- 
quiry I learned that theoretically the 
term of service is seven years. In prac- 

tice it is as long as the health will per- 
mit, some getting furlough at five years, 
while others do not take it for ten years. 

The China Inland Organization ap- 
peals to me in some ways. Let me tell 
you its general plan. As I have said be- 
fore, there is no Home Board in any 
land. There are organizations in the 
States, England, and so on, where they 
receive and receipt for money, and at the 
headquarters in London pass on the mis- 
sionaries; but the money, be it little or 
much, is sent to the field and distributed 
and expended solely by the board or 
" council " on the field. Mr. Hoste, a 
fine Englishman, is the head director of 
the mission, and of course has his home 
here. I had the pleasure of a short talk 
with him. Now the field council con- 
sists of a man appointed in each prov- 
ince where the society has work. So the 
need of every field is represented in the 
men from the field and is deliberated 
upon by men on the field who best un- 
derstand the nature of the problems be- 
fore them. No doubt the plan has its 
drawbacks, but I can only say that no 
mission to my knowledge has been so 
signally blessed as the China Inland 
Mission. It is interdenoniinational, 
from a doctrinal standpoint, but as far 
as a mission standpoint is concerned it 
is perhaps the strictest missionary so- 
ciety organized, and draws stronger on 
faith than any other society. 

I hastened back to our rooms and 
found Bro. Early ready to' move to the 
boat, where I am now writing this letter. 
We have taken passage on the Yorck, 
a new boat of 18,000 tonnage, and if on 
time will reach Colombo fifteen days 
later. I send this off with the captain 
of the " tender," to be mailed at Shang- 


Galen B. Royer. 

Shanghai Harbor, China, Dec. 6. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Alice K. Ebey 

" This one thing I do, forgetting those 
things that are behind, and reaching forth 
unto those things which are before, I press 
toward the mark for the prize of the high 
calling of God in Christ Jesus" (Philpp. 3: 
13, 14). 

THIS is the New Year's message 
Bro. Early brought near to our 
hearts at the close of the old 
year, when the missionaries and others 
were gathered in the Bulsar Mission 
Home for a watch meeting. He urged 
us to forget the sorrows, disappoint- 
ments and failures of the past and to 
press forward, reaching unto the better 
things the future holds for us. This is 
a motto well worth keeping for 1914. 
It sets forth the ideal toward which 
every Christian should be always reach- 

Christmas time has come and gone 
with its cheer and gladness. Indian 
Christians make much of Christmas, and 
often begin their singing as soon as the 
clock strikes twelve to usher in the day. 
Suitable services were held at each of 
our mission stations and in many of 
the villages where there are mission 
schools or little communities of Chris- 
tians. There were feasts and gifts, too, 
not elaborate from a western standpoint, 
but we hope the true Christmas spirit 
has touched many hearts in India. 

Bro. I. S. Long baptized thirty-one 
at Vyara during Christmas week. This 
is the field Bro. A. W. Ross opened and 
worked for some eight years. In spite 
of much opposition by the higher castes, 
the good seed is growing in the hearts 
of the common people. 

" An Englishman in India was watch- 
ing, not long ago, a great ceremonial in 

a Hindu temple. When it was over he 
said to the priest, ' How long has this 
worship been going on ? ' ' Two thou- 
sand five hundred years.' ' And I sup- 
pose,' said the Englishman, ' it will go 
on another 2,500 years.' The priest 
said ' No.' ' And why not ? ' asked the 
Englishman. The priest raised his eyes, 
spread out his hands and said one 
word — ' Jesus.' " — Selected. 

Sister Mary N. Quinter is in the Irish 
Presbyterian Mission Hospital at An- 
and, undergoing an operation of a very 
serious character. Dr. Laura M. Cot- 
trell is with her for a few days until 
the outcome may be somewhat deter- 
mined. Individually and unitedly many 
prayers for her speedy recovery are be- 
ing offered daily. Our sister is show- 
ing what faith and trust in the Savior 
can do in times of sickness and trial. 

Our mission family has been in- 
creased by the coming of five new work- 
ers who reached Bombay Dec. 6. They 
are now settled down at hard study of 
the vernacular. Dr. Cottrell and wife 
at Bulsar and Bro. Arnold and wife at 
Anklesvar are studying Gujarati under 
pandits. Sister Mary Royer and Sister 
Anna Eby are in the Marathi Language 
School in Poona, Sister Eby is taking 
second year's work. They have a 
pleasant home there with other mission- 
aries and are pleased with the advan- 
tages the school affords. 

Brother and Sister Heisey are return- 
ing to the homeland on account of his 
poor health, sailing from Bombay Jan- 
uary 13. They have been on the field 
only a year, and it is hard to see them 
leave. Their goin^ at this time means 


The Missionary Visitor 


that Vada again must be left without a 
resident missionary, as there is no one 
to fill the gap. A few Indian workers 
at Vada and at Pimpalner are trying to 
hold the fort until the home church 
sends forth missionaries more fully to 
organize and push the battle against the 
hosts of sin. 

The regular quarterly meeting of the 
Field Committee was held at the home 
of Brother and Sister Long at Vyara 
from Dec. 13 to 16. All the mission- 
aries were present except a few who 
were kept at home on account of work 
or sickness. The first evening was 
spent in social converse and devotion. 
Bro. Stover gave a much-appreciated 
address, with some special words of 
welcome to the new workers. Bro. 
Adam Ebey read an article from Medical 
Missions in India on " Health in the 
Tropics." The following two days were 
devoted to business and the mission- 
aries hasted homeward, each to his own 
place and work. 

Christmas time brought to us our vis- 
iting elders, Bro. H. C. Early and Bro. 
Galen B. Royer. Their coming rejoices 
our hearts and makes glad our Indian 
church. Dec. 31 the missionaries met 
in conference with them at Bulsar. 
Seasons of devotion and prayer were en- 
joyed together. Some of the problems 
peculiar to the mission work here were 
stated in their presence, and together, 
as the Spirit gives wisdom, we hope to 
find wise solutions for these problems. 
An itinerary was planned for the breth- 
ren, so that they may visit each of our 
stations and a few important institu- 
tions of other missions. Last Sunday 
they spent with us in our home here at 
Dahanu, and a blessed day it was for 
us. This week, in company with Bro. 
Ebey, they visit Vada, Poona and a few 
other places, returning to headquarters 
at Bulsar by next Sunday. 

It is stated on good authority that 
India is changing so rapidly that no one 

who has been away from the country 
for five years can give any useful ad- 
vice on any matter of importance con- 
nected with it. While India's social 
and religious condition is passing 
through these changes, it behooves the 
church of Christ to strive earnestly for 
a transformation of the hearts of the 
people. The paramount need of India 
today is Christ, and God's children 
should diligently seek to bring the Gos- 
pel to India's people. 

The celebration of the centenary of 
America's Christian connection with 
India was observed in Bombay from 
Nov. 7 to the 10th. In a resume of 
work done by Americans for India, the 
editor of The Dnyanodaya, the Marathi- 
English organ of the American Marathi 
Mission, says : 

Remarkably different from the reception 
which the first Christian missionaries from 
America received in 1813 was the reception 
which was accorded to them last Friday 
afternoon in the Town Hall of Bombay. 
Then they were suspected and were com- 
pelled to leave the country for a time. Now 
in Bombay they occupy the Town Hall for a 
public meeting, and receive sympathetic ap- 
preciation from the English Government 
and from a large circle of Indians both 
Christian and non-Christian. The one single 
American Mission which was founded a 
century ago has been followed by forty 
more, and the three Christian pioneers from 
across the ocean have been followed by 
40,000 other individuals. These American 
missionaries are now conducting a broad 
scheme of schools of all grades — primary, 
secondary, industrial, normal, theological 
and collegiate. Their colleges are thirteen 
in number, and their pupils are 195,000. 
which is more than two-thirds of all the 
pupils in Protestant Mission schools in 
India. They also maintain seventy-six hos- 
pitals and 143 dispensaries, in which last 
year they treated one million patients. The 
names of 1,872 missionaries in American and 
Canadian missionary societies are recorded 
in the last " Year Book of Protestant Mis- 
sions in India." Of the 1,650,000 persons 
who are reported in the last census of In- 
dia as being Protestant Christians, 830,000 
(or more than half) are connected with 
missions from America. About one crore 
of rupees (Rs. 10,000,000) are expended an- 
nually by American churches on their mis- 
sions in India. If the total cost of Chris- 
tian missions from America to India be 


The Missionary Visitor 


computed, it may be estimated that not less 
than twenty crores of rupees have been ex- 
pended in this connection. Has the history 
of international connections ever shown 
such an extensive manifestation of the 
kindly brotherhood of one nation towards 
another as this Christian connection from 
the youngest nation of the West under the 
inspiration of Jesus Christ to render service 
to the most ancient of civilized peoples on 
the face of the earth? 

" Crimocurology " is the title of a 
little book which Commissioner Booth- 
Tueker, the leader of the Salvation 
Army in India, has just published. It 
is a review of the work done by him- 
self and his assistants anions: the crimi- 

nal tribes of India. India abounds in 
tribes who regard thieving and plunder- 
ing as a lawful means of livelihood. In 
Bombay Presidency alone there are over 
2,700,000 professional criminals. Mr. 
Booth-Tucker says one of their charac- 
teristic prayers is, " Spirit of our fathers, 
help us ; save us from the government 
and shut the mouths of the police." The 
pamphlet contains a summary of the 
Salvation Army's wonderful work of re- 
forming these criminals and leading 
many of them to Christ. 

Karodoho, via Dahanu, Jan. p. 


F. H. C. 

THE month has been a bit quiet, 
politically. The friends of the 
president are loud in proclaiming 
his level-headed work in the selection 
of good men for important places. His 
enemies are equally loud in saying that 
the president is surrounding himself 
with a lot of his political friends, with 
a view to fortifying his position in his 
constructive policy. Their idea is that 
Yuan is planning to become another Na- 
poleon. The foreigners do not think he 
is pointing in that direction. One can 
scarcely draw conclusions, for the Chi- 
nese mind is rather keen in knowing the 
under work of one in high office. We 
will do well to wait, for a time at least, 
ere passing judgment. One would think 
that if the president desires to become 
despotic he would not favor such ideas 
as competitive examinations for office. 
If such a test is put in force there cer- 
tainly will be room for merit at the top. 
The Confucianists are pressing for a 
state religion, and demand that Confu- 
cianism be that religion. The opposition 
is stronger than ever. Today the writer 
received a letter, from a neighboring mis- 

sion, where the native Chinese Chris- 
tians are taking up the matter and urg- 
ing that all the Christians in the prov- 
ince make a united appeal to the author- 
ities at Peking not to allow a state re- 
ligion, but to put all on the same basis, 
simply by declaring that all religions 
shall have equal and unlimited freedom. 
The Confucianists are insisting that the 
old-time classics be retained in the school 

There is a continuation of the idea to 
move the university from Peking to 
Tientsin. Now, however, it is taking on 
the aspect of uniting the Peking Univer- 
sity and the Tientsin University, and 
thus having the one really high-class un- 
iversity, where students can go, once 
they have finished the provincial uni- 
versities, which are to be known from 
now on as the People's University. The 
university at Tientsin will be the Gov- 
ernment University. In this connection 
there is a strong agitation among the 
missionaries of North China for a good 
Christian university, to be located at 

Some members of the assembly are 


The Missionary Visitor 


agitating a motion to present a paper 
that will mean official prohibition of 
footbinding. One would think this 
would be heartily encouraged by the 
women of China, but the facts are dif- 
ferent. They have been in their present 
condition so long that they really oppose 
any change. They declare that large 
feet are unbecoming to women. 

Almost everywhere one can hear the 
scholars of China asking for the secret 
of the greatness of the United States of 
America. This affords a wonderful op- 
portunity to tell that the real secret is 
not in laws but in the upright heart. 
There is a key to having an upright 
heart. The inquiring minds of these 
young men afford a wonderful point of 
contact for the Christian leader. 

This is the month that has been 
blessed to us again. The Christmas 
time has come and gone. This year it 
was glorious. Our schoolboys are nice- 
ly housed in their new building. They 
are all very happy indeed. The teach- 
ers, as well, are quite happy. In our hol- 
iday gladness we helped the new mem- 
bers to a fresh joy. Our plan was to 
get all to do a little giving. They sur- 
prised us very much. We gave with 
them and had a common fund. In this 
fund we found about sixteen dollars 
gold. This we used in buying a lot of 
eatables and second-hand clothing. The 
food was mostly millet, the food used 
by the common class of people. We 
used this in helping about eighty-five 
persons. They were all very happy in- 
deed. Most of the planning and dis- 
tributing was done by the Chinese mem- 
bers. You would have enjoyed seeing 
them have a good time in helping the 
unfortunates who come for help. We 
had furnished tickets to them the day 
before and on Christmas morn, and then 
they were to come to our Christian serv- 
ices. It was a great day. After the re- 
ligious services we had them all line up 
and come for their help, whatever the 

ticket called for. Each one was given a 
picture card and a portion of Scripture. 
We hope they will do more than feed 
their hungry bodies. 

The above is a report of the Ping 
Ting Hsien Station. At Liao Hsien 
word comes that many were fed. The 
crowd there, too, was more than could 
be taken care of. Some of fhe people 
were actually turned out ; no room for 
them to get into the quarters where serv- 
ice was being held. They were happy 
to come and hear. There is such an 
opportunity to reach and help the peo- 
ple in this way. Our Christmas at both 
of the stations was limited only by the 
smallness of our room. We must have 
meetinghouses if we are to reach the 
people. There was and is great need to 
go out to the people with the Gospel, 
but how more than ever before they are 
coming to the place where regular 
preaching is held. We are so glad for 
the opportunity to be among the natives, 
but pray that the way will quickly open 
when the home church will provide for 
us a meetinghouse that can take care 
of more than a hundred people. If we 
had plenty of preachers we could wor- 
ship in several places at the same time. 
This seems not to be our lot at present. 
May God open the hearts cff the church 
to let these folks have a meetinghouse 
at each of our principal places of wor- 

Dr. and Mrs. Brubaker are nicely lo- 
cated at Liao Hsien in the house which 
the Hiltons left. They are digging at 
the language and we are glad for their 
presence. Besides this work, they are 
able to help many of the sick who come. 
Sister Anna Blough has been unhin- 
dered in her study, and her progress is 
marked indeed, considering the short 
time. Dr. and Mrs. Wampler have been 
studying the language and methods of 
work with our Presbyterian friends at 
Pao Ting Fu. This station is one day 
and a half by train from us. Thev are 


The Missionary Visitor 


doing nicely and are getting many help- 
ful suggestions from those there who 
are successful as missionaries. They 
spent their Christmas week with us at 
Ping- Ting 1 Hsien. It seems that their 
arrival was almost a foreplanned 
help, for besides the regular lot 
who apply for treatment in sickness, 
one of our own schoolboys has had a 
very bad attack of appendicitis. We 
are so glad the doctor is here ! We have 
no way of knowing whether the doctor 
can help him through, but our hearts 
are at ease, for we are sure our dear lit- 
tle schoolboy is getting all the medical 
help that skill can bring to him. How 
glad we are for the assistance of these 
experienced physicians ! 

Our mission familv are all well and 

very active. We find the end of the 
year a busy time for the bookkeepers at 
both stations. Balancing accounts is 
not an easy work where one uses but 
one standard of money, but where sev- 
eral kinds are used the task is much 
greater. This adds to our already full 
program, but we are coming to see that 
it is only a part of the labor. 

Some of us were planning a little rest 
in the mountains soon. Since our little 
schoolboy is so sick we are not sure that 
we can leave for our vacation at this 
time. We are reminded of last year's 
experiences as we write these lines, for 
as we were arranging for a vacation last 
holidays the Lord stopped the plans and 
did more. May we be ready at all times 
to hear Him speaking. 


Sometimes men are disappointed in 
being- unable to satisfy their Mission 
Boards as to their fitness and call to 
missionary work. In case they should 
possess the decision of the young man 
of whom the following is related, it 
is altogether probable that they will 
almost convince any Mission Board : 

The faculty at Konigsberg refused 
Stephen Schulz (1724-1776) on his ap- 
plication for mission work among the 
Jews ; whereupon he wrote them this 
letter: "I owe you obedience as fa- 
thers. If, therefore, you command that 
I decline the call to missionary work 
among the Jews, I can decline it with 
a clear conscience. However, I must 
say this — should God ask me on the. 
Judgment Day — 

(1) Have I not given thee from in- 
fancy a desire to show to the Jews the 
way of salvation?' I would have to 
answer, ' Yea, Lord.' 

' (2) Have I not proved three years 
ago, during the trial trip, that I have 

given thee ability to labor?' I would 
say, ' Yea, Lord." 

' (3) Have I not shown that the 
harvest among the Jews is great, but 
the laborers are few?' I would say 
again, ' Yea, Lord.' 

' (4) Have I not taught thee on that 
trial trip that the way was opened 
among the Jew T s for thee, and that in 
further travels and with greater expe- 
rience thou couldst have still better 
access to them?' Again I would an- 
swer, ' Yea, Lord.' 

" (5) And when at last the Lord 
should ask me, ' Why didst thou not 
follow the call when it came?' I 
would leave the answer to the honor- 
able theological faculty." 

The faculty sent Schulz to the Jews. 
How could they do otherwise? He be- 
came a second Paul in respect of trav- 
el and suffering, compassing thousands 
of miles. The call, once heard, is the 
call of God ; and when fortified by such 
confirmation as Schulz could adduce, 
it is irresistible. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Editor of the Visitor: 

Yesterday the Visitor for February 
came to me at J. B. Oellig's home, where 
I am now stopping. This morning I 
read it through. Now I write you to 
say that again and again, as I was read- 
ing, tears of joy stole their way down 
over my old (?) cheeks; and again and 
again came the thought that could the 
wheel of time be moved backward, say, 
fifty notches, I would at once prepare 
to go and help those noble, self-sacri- 
ficing ones, into whose eyes I so often 
looked, and so often wondered what was 
really tied up in the bunch of young 
life as it throbbed and bubbled over 
when in class before me. 

I praise God for what those once 
boys and girls have become, and for 
what they are accomplishing. True, the 
smallness of their present sowing, com- 
pared with the largeness of the field, 
may seem very mustard-seed-like; but 
be assured that in God's own time and 
way it will become a great tree — "a tree 
so that the birds of the air come and 
lodge in the branches thereof." 

I like the way you put " Christ's care 
for the worker," D. J., you tell a noble 
truth when you say, " It would be a 
pity to. keep a man on a job after his 
task is finished." 

If the task just finished was well 
done, then I would recommend your 
" promotion " idea. I don't have much 
for the " going-on-pension " plan. You 
are correct when you say, " An idler on 
the streets of the New Jerusalem would 
not feel much at home." 

Alice, I am glad for those " India 
Notes." The readers of the Visitor ap- 
preciate them, and they need them. You 
state a broad truth when you say, " We 
need more of the spirit of David [2 
Sam. 24: 24] in these days of seeking 

easy ways to serve the Lord." There 
are those who seem eager to walk the 
golden streets with "palms in their 
hands," but they are not so ready to pay 
the price of humble, self-sacrificing serv- 
ice necessary here, to admit them over 

The Lord be praised for the very 
fitting reception, and the well-merited 
welcome the Indian Christians gave 
Brother and Sister Stover. The Lord 
bless and prosper both the givers and the 
receivers of the kindly welcome. 

Your " China in Miniature," Emma, 
well deserves the place accorded to it. 
It will accomplish good. I am glad for 
the rich reward and the blessed ex- 
periences the faithful missionary has in 
seeing the light of Christianity break 
through the dark walls of ignorance and 
idolatry. Yes, it will not only take 
years and years of faithful work, ear- 
nest prayer and patient waiting, but it 
will also require thousands upon thou- 
sands of the home church's money. 
The faithful money-service of the faith- 
ful in the homeland must be the con- 
stant support of the efforts of the faith- 
ful field workers. 

And here "The Ringing Bells" 
should be allowed fair play. Their ring 
should be heard not only " from shore 
to shore," but " o'er valley and moun- 
tain and moor " ; until " all that is hin- 
dering shall fall," because money and 
workers in abundance " are ready to 
answer the call." Winnie, keep " The 
Ringing Bells " ringing — ringing loud 
and long. 

" Our Father in heav'n, on Thee do we 
For India we pray, for China we pray; 
Oh, hasten the time, 
When, bright as the day, 
The Gospel shall shine." 


Mercersburg, Pa., Feb. 14. 


The Missionary Visitor 



It was an occasion wonderful in ef- 
fect, we are told, that witnessed the 
first small contribution for the beginning 
of our missionary work in Denmark. 
For years the question of sufficient 
funds was a dominant factor in this 
connection. So far, however, as the im- 
mediate present is concerned, this gives 
place to one of greater moment — the 
question as to what the students of our 
colleges are willing to contribute in this 
spiritual conquest for which the Lord of 
Hosts has called us. When the sacri- 
fice of life to God is made known in 
our church the means will come. 
Properly to man our field, as the mis- 
sionaries of today have dared hope and 
express in appeal, would require the 
sending forward, this coming autumn, 
of at least twenty workers. Not one- 
fourth that number are now in sight. 
And the next four months will tell the 
story as to whether they will ever be for 
the present year. 

♦ * ♦ 

We shall all vote unanimously that 
twenty be sent forth. Shall we vote 
yea, by secret ballot, before our God, 
when He calls individually to supplicate 
us to go forth for Him? It is a serious 
question. Ere reading further let us 
stop a moment and ask our Father what 
part He desires us to play in this great, 
world-wide, Christian task now set be- 
fore us. And having received the an- 
swer, let us arise to follow His appeal. 

Our progress in foreign missions, as 
compared with that of many other de- 
nominations, has been remarkable, and 
our students are face to face with the 
task of assuming their share in caring 
for the hearts that are still as black 

as the Stygian night. Each year we are 
sending to the halls of commerce many 
who will make success. Dare we hope 
that we can also send to the needy places 
of God's earth a sufficient number 
properly to man our fields, thus safe- 
guarding the health of our workers, and 
advancing the cause in that wholesome, 
thorough manner that would mean com- 
plete evangelization of the portion of 
the unsaved that is allotted to us? 

* * * 

In a general way the entire Brother- 
hood will vote in the affirmative to the 
above proposition. Those who cannot 
go will vote affirmatively by pouring in 
their gold to support the work; and to 
the college student must the question 
come with intensified force, individual- 
ly, that being prepared, why does he not 
go out to labor for the Lord? Our 
foreign fields have never received the 
full quota for which they have asked. 
The question of health is becoming 
serious with many of the consecrated 
ones who are now at the front The 
paramount obligation of the church is to 
supply the workers, that not one on the 
field may be compelled to lay down his 
tasks because of exhaustion. 

* * •*♦ 

The great work before the student 
body is the evangelization of the world 
in this generation. It is a Herculean 
task, requiring keenest optimism, most 
far-reaching vision and devoted conse- 
cration. It will demand the surrender 
and willing sacrifice of bodies, aspira- 
tions, ambitions, souls and all that we 
are or ever shall be in this world. Me- 
thinks the mightiest prayers today are 
the prayers of our young student life, 
who are looking up into the face of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Almighty Father and saying, " Lord, 
what wilt Thou have me to do ? " and 
who, when the answer comes, " Go," 
say, " Here am I, Lord, send me." 
Were it a question of human hands re- 
lieving the physical necessities of heath- 
en millions, or of- human tongues re- 
vealing to the hosts of the lands of 
darkness the blessed name of God, there 
might be a question, but through our 
weakness in the strength of God it shall 
be accomplished. It is not by might, 
nor by power, but through the Spirit of 
Jehovah that this shall be accomplished. 

* 4> ♦ 

Then what share of this tremendous 
task will the student body of the 
Church of the Brethren assume? Two 
centuries and more of extreme devotion 
to our principles, marked by intense 
piety in so many homes, have begotten 
a race of men and women who stand as 
peers of those of any other church, in 
the marts of trade, in the schoolroom, 
in the professions, on the farm — 
wherever they labor. Shall we allow 
others to outstrip us in things spiritual? 

♦ * * 

A Buddhist priest in California has 
modified some of the Christian hymns 
so as to suit his faith, and is making 
use of them in the religious services 
conducted by him. One of the good 
old hymns runs as follows : 

" Oh, for a thousand tongues to sing 
My holy Buddha's praise; 
The glories of my teacher great, 
The triumphs of his grace. 

" Buddha, the name that kills our fears, 
That bids our sorrows cease; 
'Tis music in the speaker's ears, 
'Tis life, and health, and peace. 

" Hear him, ye deaf; his praise, ye dumb, 
Your loosened tongues employ; 
Ye blind, behold your Buddha come; 
And leap, ye lame, for joy." 

Modifications have been made of 
" Nearer, My God, to Thee," and " Joy 
to the World."— The Pacific. 
♦fr ♦■ * 

Bro. A. F. Wine, of Denmark, has 

made very remarkable progress with the 
Danish language, and writes us under 
date of Jan. 6 regarding his first ex- 
perience in preaching. He says : " Last 
night was my first experience at speak- 
ing in the Danish language. They had 
their Christmas feast for the Sunday- 
school children, and I spoke to the chil- 
dren on the ' Joys of Christmas.' They 
said they could understand me very 
well, but it made me warm long before 
I had finished. Of course I made a 
few mistakes. It was quite a new ex- 
perience for me, and likely for them 
also." Inasmuch as Bro. Wine sailed 
for the field after last Conference, his 
quick grasp of the language shows very 
clearly that he has been busily applying 
himself since reaching Denmark. 
4> * $ 

The last letter from Sister Mary 
Quinter, received by us since her death, 
after reciting the fact that she was go- 
ing to the hospital fearlessly for her 
operation, and expressing confidence in 
the outcome, no matter whether she 
should survive or not, closes with the 
highly-meaning farewell : " Yours for 
service." A significant phrase this is, 
and full to teardrop's brim of meaning. 
It is the unconscious watchword of the 
foreign missionary, in life or death alike, 
and breathes the spirit of full surren- 
der. Sister Quinter's " Yours for serv- 
ice " will be on her lips when she re- 
ports to the Father of missionaries for 
duty in the Celestial City. 

♦Jf fy 4* 

Out of a population of about 90,000 
in the Fiji Islands, over 83,000 are re- 
ported as claiming attachment to some 
Christian church. The missionary con- 
tributions last year aggregated over 
$50,000, and in addition to this amount 
much was given for the payment of 
native teachers and the maintenance of 
native churches. When missionary 
work was begun in these islands, in 
1835, the whole Fijian race was sunk 


The Missionary Visitor 


into the deepest and most degraded 
form of heathenism. Cannibalism was 
a common practice, and the most hor- 
rible cruelty was rampant. The sword 
of the Spirit, which is the Word of God, 
has proven effectual to a remarkable de- 

* * * 
The Fiji Islands have a population 
about equal in numbers to our own be- 
loved denomination. They first heard 
of Christ 127 years after our church 
was organized. They report 981 Sun- 
day-schools. In outright gifts to mis- 
sions, not considering endowment, our 
swarthy-skinned brethren of the South 
Seas, in their infancy as Christian folk, 
have far outstripped us in the " un- 
speakable gift" (2 Cor. 9: 15). Yet 
in our own church we hear an occasional 
voice decrying missions and wondering 
why all the " waste " of lives, means 
and nervous energy. It is most probable 
that the Fijian Mission will be declared 
an independent district within the next 
few years, and pass from under the 
control of a foreign mission board. "Of 
the increase of His government there 
shall be no end." 

A. A. A. 
*P -tj* * + + 

We present in this issue of the Mis- 
sionary Visitor a constitution as pro- 
posed for the Union Volunteer Move- 
ment of our colleges. Such a movement 

is sorely needed at the present time. 
Before our bands can accomplish their 
fullest purpose some bond must be es- 
tablished that will unite our hearts in 
one common purpose. Such a plan will 
have its advantages. Each society will 
feel larger than the limits of its own 
horizon; the devotional spirit will be in- 
tensified by the conscious knowledge of 
other bands praying for the same ends ; 
the- cause of the Volunteer Band will 
receive the greater recognition because 
of its larger organization; the pledge 
will not be so easily broken ; we can 
pull together and understand each other 
to a degree which the present organiza- 
tion does not afford. To make the plan 
operative in our lives will require loy- 
alty to the constitution on the part of all 
bands, if the constitution be adopted. 
* *• <%* 
With the desire definitely to place be- 
fore each student of our colleges the 
claim of the foreign field upon them, 
we are desirous of having a copy of this 
issue of the Missionary Visitor placed 
into their hands. We shall appreciate 
the cooperation of each local Missionary 
Band, and hope that in this manner the 
usefulness of the Visitor may be in- 
creased. If the proper officers of the 
bands will notify us we shall send them 
a sufficient number for student distri- 


Would you, dear reader, like to be one of a thousand to assist in increasing 
the usefulness of the Missionary Visitor? The terms on which the paper is sent 
to many of you are extremely liberal. This naturally requires an outlay of 
money. We know full well that the dollar donation plan brings in many dollars 
for missions, and we appreciate that to the fullest. However, if you are receiving 
the paper on that plan, why not send us fifty cents to mail the paper to a friend 
somewhere who does not receive it? This will assist in meeting the cost of pub- 
lication and will create sentiment in the heart of some one who does not receive 
the paper. Subscription is fifty cents per year, or we shall allow three subscrip- 
tions for one dollar. 

Send all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 

55 00 
5 30 

18 76 
54 00 


In the August Visitor under India Hospital 
the total for the year so far should be $23 
instead of $20, $3 having been previously re- 

In the February "Visitor, under Denver Col- 
ored, John S. Kauffman should be credited 
with $5.00 instead of $1.20, and the name of 
Harvey Snell should not appear here, thereby 
making the total $10.00 instead of $14.50. 

During the month of January the General 
Mission Board sent out 248,519 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following 
donations for the month of January: 

Indiana — $1299.21. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Bethany, $47; Blue River, $29.75, ..$ 76 75 

Mary Lammadee, $2.50; Mrs. Will 
Nickler, $1.50; Blanche Harbaugh, $2; 
Elias Fashbauth, $7.50; Melvin D. 
Neff, $10; Christian Stouder, $5; S. B. 
Reppert and wife, $10; Jacob D. Neff, 
$5; J. P. Hoffman (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Florence Bosler, $1; David 

Whitmer, $10, 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Lower Deer Creek, 


Loon Creek, 

North Manchester Bible Institute, 

D. M. Byerly (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Levi Zumbrun, $12; Wm. H. 
Harter. $1.25; J. D. Rife, $1.20; M. 
E. Miller, $1; Isaac L. Shultz, $1.20; 
T. D. Butterbaugh (marriage notice), 
50 cents; John E. Miller, $1; David 
Eikenberry, $10; Emanuel Leckrone, 
$2; W. T. Neal, 50 cents; James 
Himelick, 50 cents; John W. Hoover, 

$1.25; Odis P. Clingenpeel, $2, 34 90 

Southern District. 

White Branch Sunday-school 12 00 


G. V. Goshorn, $1,000; Albert F. 
Cripe, $2.50; W. W. Rose, $7.50; 
Catherine Bowman, $1; Chriss Cripe, 
50 cents; Wm. Stout, $5; John Snider, 
$25; Chas. S. Wood, 50 cents; W. H. 

Friend, 50 cents, 1042 50 

Illinois — $508.30. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin Grove, $43.75; Sterling, 




Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Morris, 

Mary C. Fisher, $5; D. C. Mc- 
Gonigh. $2.50; Calvin G. Binkley. $5; 
John C. Lampin, $5; J. D. Lahman 
and wife, $350; J. U. G. Stiverson 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Annetta 
Johnson, $2.50; J. J. Shively, $5; L. 
J. Gerdes, $10; Wilbert J. Horner 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; W. R. 

Bratton, $5; Mahlon Wesner, $1 392 00 

Southern Disrtict. Congregations. 

Cerro Gordo, $3.68; Virden, $5.29; 

Mansfield, $2.74; Salem, $1.20 12 91 


David Holsopple, $7; S. Van Syckel, 
$1; Otta C. Eikenberry, $2.50; Broth- 
er and Sister Nevinger, 10 cents; 

Isaac Eikenberry, $2.50, 13 10 

Ohio — $321.39, 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek 70 00 


46 75 

3 30 

40 24 

Deshler, $7.80; Portage, $4.62; Mau- 
mee, $5.50, 17 92 


Dydia Wertz-Dickey, $1.50; S. P. 
Early (marriage notice), $1; E. P. 
Yoder, $1; Sallie Shankster, $1; John 

R. Spacht, $10 14 50 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Danville, $16.40; Canton, $13.82, .. 30 22 


Science Hill, Freeburg Congrega- 
tion, 21 65 


J. F. Kahler (marriage notice), 50 
cents; D. S. Filbrun (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; E. M. Culler (mar- 
riage notice), 5 cents; Joseph Shid- 
ler, $77.75; Sadie Moherman, $1; Wm. 
Domer, $20; An individual, Spring- 
field Congregation, $5; Isaac Brum- 
baugh, $10; Geo. M. Weidler, $6, 121 25 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Loramie 2 45 


Bethel of Salem Congregation, ... 18 50 


Levi Minnich (marriage notice), 
$1.50; J. Franklin Brubaker (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Sarah Stoner, 
$5; Levi Stoner, $10; W. H. Folkerth, 
$1.20; W. C. Teeter, $1.20; F. P. Cor- 
dier, $1; Ada Baker, $1; Emanuel 
Shank, $1.50; Mrs. Harvey Stoner, $2, 24 90 

Pennsylvania — $284.44. 
Western District, Congregation. 

Elk Lick, 18 45 


Pike, Brothers Valley Congrega- 
tion, $20.90; Summit, $8.04, 28 94 


S. J. Miller, $6; A Brother, Meyers- 
dale, ,$5; Urban L. Cleaver, $2; D. H. 
Walker (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
J. W. Rummel (marriage notices), 
$1; J. W. Rummel, $1; Mary A. Kin- 
sey. $4; H. H. Reitz, $4; I. G. Miller, 
$2.5 0; J. B. Ferguson (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 26 50 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Spring Run, $1; Lewistown and 
Maitland, $6.89; Riddlesburg, $10; 

Claar. $1; 18 89 

Christian Workers. 

Lewistown 3 50 


John R. Stayer, $3; T. T. Myers, 
$1.50; Geo. S. Myers, $1: James C. 
Wineland, $1; Elizabeth Brumbaugh, 
50 cents; John Snowberger, $3; D. G. 

Snyder, $1 1100 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

West Green Tree, $26.25; Big Swa- 

tara, $22.80; Annville, $14.01 63 06 


Ernst Harvey, $1; Lydia King, $1; 
Mrs. D. H. Miller, $1; Mrs. R. D. Raff- 
ensperger, $1; Mrs. Kate Smith, $1; 
Henry R. Gibbel. $3.60; Ralph B. 
Heisey, $10; H. B. Horst, 25 cents; 

Peter Biser. Maryland, $1.20 20 05 

Southeast District, Congregation. 

Coventry 26 00 


Jos. Fitzwater 3 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Codorus, $21; Upper Conewago, 

$2.25 23 25 


Celia Yost, $5; Sarah A. Baker, $2; 
D. H. Baker (marriage notice). 50 
cents; Martha J. Martin, $7; Mrs. 
Emma Schroyer, Sugar Valley Con- 
gregation, $1; Lydia Hogentogler, 
$1; Mrs. Hayes Watson, $1; Mrs. V 7 . 


The Missionary Visitor 


M. Foglesanger, $1; Solomon Straus- 
er, $6.30; Alice Trimmer, $5; Chas. C. 
Brown, $10; D. B. Wineman, $1; Susie 

Walker Resser, $1, 

California — $276.72. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Sac Valley, . . . . 


W. C. Lehman, $6; Mary E. Brooks, 
$4; Eld. C. Fitz, $2.50; D. S. Mussel- 
man, $1.05; S. Beighly, $10, 

Southern District, Congregation. 



W. F. England (marriage notice), 
50 cents; A. A. Neher, $1; S. Bock, 
$1; Ira G. Cripe, $5; W. H. Hepner, 
$10; Magdalena Myers, $5; Joseph 
and Jessie Stephens, $20; Sarah 

Gnagey, $200; J. L. Minnich, $3, 

Virginia — $221.14. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Linville Creek, $12; Unity, $36.76, 

Mt. Zion, 


D. M. Good, $2; D. R. Miller, 25 
cents; Joseph F. Driver, $1; Rebecca 
F. Miller, 50 cents; Mary C. Miller, 
50 cents; H. R. Mowry, $4.50; Samuel 

Garber, $3; 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. M. Garber, $1.20; Geo. W. Shaf- 
fer, $2; Samuel Glick, $6, 

First District, Congregations. 

Troutville, $37; Roanoke City. $5; 
Oak Grove, Peters Creek, $13.76, . . 

J. W. Layman, $5 0; Emma Southall, 
$2; Alice Harman, $1; L. G. Layman, 


Second District, Individuals. 

P. J. Crann, 50 cents; S. N. Wine, 
25 cents; J. S. Wright, 25 cents; 
Benj. F. Miller, 5 cents; M. G. Sang- 
er, 50 cents; John S. Flory, $1.50; 
A. B. Glick, 50 cents; Mrs. J. W. 
Harnsberger, $1.82; A. J. Miller, 30 
cents; John L. Driver, $1; Samuel L. 
Huffman, $1.20; Lethe A. Liskey, 
$1.20; M. D. Hess, 25 cents; Nannie 

D. Humberdt. 50 cents; Wm. H. Sipe, 
$10; Sarah F. Garber, $1.15; Jacob 
H. Cline, $1; S. Frank Cox, 50 cents; 
Aaron S. Ringgold, $4.60; Barbara V. 

Ringgold, $1.15, 

Iowa — $151.45. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Conrad Messer, $2.50; Hannah C. 
Messer, $1; Louisa Messer, $2.50; 
Elizabeth Albright, $5; Mrs. Fred 
Zapf, $1; Rebecca Hess, $5; Irven M. 
Barto, $1; Mary Ogg, $1; U. S. 
Blough, $4; H. C. Sheller, $20.75; 
Julia A. Sheller, $4; J. J. Berkley, 
$6; Samuel Fike. $24; Mrs. Susanna 
Burd. $5; E. M. Lichty, S3; H. E. Sli- 
fer, $10; W. C. Kimmel, $5; T. L. 

Kimmel, $2, 

Middle District, Congregation. 



J. D. Haughtelin, Coon River Con- 
gregation (marriage notice), 5 cents; 

E. D. Fiscel (marriage notices). $1; 
Franklin Rhodes, $4; C. S. McNutt 
$1.20; C. Z. Reitz. $1.20; Vinton Artz, 
50 cents; E. L. West, $1; Mrs. W. H. 

Barrett, $1 

Southern District, Congregations. 

South Keokuk, $2; Libertyville, 



English River, 


H. N. Butler (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Elizabeth Gable, $5; Mary 
Lewis, $1 








245 50 

48 76 
13 00 

11 75 
9 20 

55 76 

54 00 

28 67 

102 75 
7 20 

10 40 

10 60 
14 00 

6 50 

Kansas — $1 06.92. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

O. H. Feller, $3.25; J. W. Jarboe 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Sarah 

Horting, $2 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 



Overbrook, $5.72; Rock Creek, $12. 

Ottawa Missionary Society ; . 


S. J. Heckman (marriage notice), 
50 cents; W. W. Peebler, $2; W. B. 
Price, 5 cents; D. H. Longenecker, 


Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Yoder, $50; Mrs. 
Lena Peel, $1; E. J. Fitzgerald, $1; 

Mrs. T. N. Carter, $10.20, 

Maryland— $102.87. 

Western District, Individuals. 

W. A. Spiker (marriage notice), 
50 cents; John A. Merrill and wife, 


Middle District, Congregation. 

Welsh Run, 


Katie S. Grossnickle, $1; Martha 

Ellenberger, $1 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Washington City, 


Sam's Creek Congregation, $10; 
Elizabeth Roop, $20; Annie R. Stoner. 
$15; Martha E. Englar, $1; John D. 

Roop, $3 

Canada — $74.30. 

Irricana, $20; Sharon, $41.65, 


Varo Shores, $1.65; Mary E. 
Rhodes. $2.75; Fannie Keffer, 50 
cents; Louisa Shaw, 75 cents; Geo. 

Hollenberg, $7, 

West Virginia, — $39.20. 

Fir=t District, Congregations. 

Furnace Chapel, $3.37; Harman, $7; 

Homers Run 


James Cooper, 25 cents; Mary Clat- 
terbuck, 25 cents; Elijah Cooper, 5 
cents; Nettie Harman, 10 cents; 
Rachael Cooper, 10 cents; Kennie 
Cooper, $6; Cletus Raines. $10; Harris 
Harman, $1; Thomas Harrow, $2; 
Stella A. Cosner and Children, $2.50, 
North Dakota — $64.50. 

A Brother and Sister, $2; D. F. 
Landis (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
Frances Moore. 50 cents; Mahlon P. 

Lichty. $60; D. F. Landis, $1.50, 

Wasnington — $30.80. 



B. F. Glick. $4.25; Mother and Boys, 

$10; Melissa C. Longhenry, $10, 

Missouri — $18.75. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Peace Valley, 


Stella Will 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mrs. W. M. Eckard. 75 cents; Nan- 
nie C. Wagner. $2.5 0; Wm. H. Wag- 
ner, $2.50; J. Kircher, $4.40; Mrs. A. 

W. Shay, $5 

Nebraska — $13.80. 

Octavia. $5; Pioneer, 30 cents, .... 

Wm. McGaffey, $3; E. S. Rothrock 
("marriage notice), 5 cents; Mary A. 

Hargleroad, $5 

Tennessee — $10.10. 







4 5 

4 00 

62 20 









49 00 

61 65 

12 65 

10 37 

6 58 

22 25 











15 15 
5 30 

8 50 


The Missionary Visitor 



W. S. Ledbetter and wife, of Cedar 
Grove Congregation, $4; Rachel 
Gross, $1; Alberta C. Bashor, 10 
cents; An individual, $1; Salina J. 
Pence, $2; Honora Pence, $1; Mary- 
Reed, $1, 10 10 

Oregon— -$9.00. 

Ashland, 9 00 

Michigan— $7.20. 

J. C. Harrison, $1.20;. G. Sprang-, $5; 

Joseph S. Robinson, $1 7 20 

Oklahoma — $7.95. 

A W. Austin, 75 cents; Wm. P. 
Bosserman, $1.20; Oklahoma City 

Tithers, $6, 7 95 

Colorado — $2.00. 

Mrs. H. M. Long, $1; Mrs. D. M. 

Brumbaugh, $1, 2 00 

North Carolina« — $2.00. 

Golden 2 00 

Texas — $1.35. 

Lora Beebe 135 

Florida — $1.00. 

Clay Dillon, 1 00 

Idaho — $1.00. 

Boise Valley 100 

Delaware — $0.75. 

W. M. "Wine, 75 

Arizona; — $0.50. 

C. W. Guthrie (marriage notice), . . 50 

Unknown — $4.60. 

Unknown, 4 60 

Total for the month $ 3,561 24 

Previously received 28,182 84 

For the year so far, . $31,744 08 

Nebraska — $100.00. 

Catharine Dovenbarger, deceased, $ 100 00 
Ohio — $23.60. 
Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Creek 12 50 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Daniel Baum and daughter, $1.10; 

Sarah A. Dupler, $10, 11 10 

Pennsylvania— -$17.00. 
"Western District, Individual. 

Joseph Holsopple, 2 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Ralph B. Heisey, $10; A Brother 

and Sister, $5 15 00 

California— -$15.51. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Raisin City 15 51 

Iowa — $10.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Wm. H. Brees 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Kansas — $10.00. 
Southwestern District. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Yoder, 10 00 

Illinois — $8.25. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Primary Department, Hastings St., 6 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lamotte Prairie, 20 cents; Mans- 
field, $1.05; Centennial-Okaw, $1 2 25 

"West Virginia — $5.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Eliza Hilkey 5 00 

Michigan — $4.05. 

Onekama 4 05 

Total for the month $ 193 41 

Previously received, 1,00186 

For the year so far, $ 1,195 27 

Pennsylvania — $124.00. 

"Western District. 

Meyersdale Aid Society, 20 00 

Middle? District. 

Altoona Christian Workers, 20 00 

New Enterprise Missionary Society, 20 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Dititz, 30 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Green Tree, 25 00 

Southwestern District. 

Willing "Workers' Class, Huntsdale 

Sunday-school 9 00 

Virginia — $91.00. 
Second Disrtict. 

Mill Creek Aid Society, 20 00 

Class No. 3 Bridgewater, Sunday- 
school 20 00 

In memory of Sam'l and Fannie 
Cline, 50 00 

Mrs. J. W. Harnsberger 100 

Ohio — $96.80. 
Northwestern District. 

Silver Creek Christian Workers, . . 13 00 

Northeastern District. 

Black River Aid Society, ........ 20 00 


Joseph Shidler , 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethel, of Salem Congregation, . . 19 49 


A Brother and Sister, $20; Mrs. H. 

P. Taylor, $4.31 , 24 31 

Indiana — $86.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Solomons Creek, 32 00 

Manus Laborum Class, Elkhart 

Sunday-school, 4 00 

Middle District. 

North Manchester Aid Society, ... 10 00 

Young People's Class, Burnetts- 

ville Sunday-school, 40 00 

Illinois — $46.56. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Lizzie Studebaker, • 20 00 

Southern District. 

Cerro Gordo Aid Society 20 00 

Primary Class, Woodland Sunday- 
school 6 56 

Nebraska, — $45.51. 

Beatrice. $20; Logan Grove, $2.51; 

Octavia, $20 42 51 


Mary A. Hargleroad, 3 00 

Iowa — $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary S. Newson, 20 00 

Southern District, Sundav-school. 

South Keokuk, 5 00 

South Dakota — $20.00. 

Old People's Class Willow Creek, 

Sunday-school, 20 00 

California — -$20.00. 
Southern District. 

South Los Angeles Christian Work- 
ers, 20 00 

Minnesota — $10.00. 

Worthington 10 00 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Toder, 10 00 

Missouri — $6.00. 
Middle District. 

Juvenile Mission Band, Mineral 

Creek Congregation, 6 00 

Montana — $1.25. 

Sunbeam Class, Glasston Sunday- 
school, 1 25 

Total for the month $ 582 12 

Previously received 2,190 75 

For the year so far $ 2,772 8f 


The Missionary Visitor 



District of Columbia — $75.00. 

Washington City Missionary So- 
ciety 60 00 

Garber Bible Class. Washington, 15 00 

Iowa— $5.50. 
Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Creek 
Sunday-school 5 50 

Total for the month $ 80 50 

Previously received, 380 60 

For the year so far $ 461 10 

Pennsylvania — $20.00. 

Middle District. 

Woodbury Missionary and Temper- 
ance Society 20 00 

California — ^$5.00. 
Southern District. 

Pomona Aid Society 5 t)0 

Illinois — $1.10. 
Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Morris, 1 10 

Virginia — $0.50. 
Northern District. Individual. 

Lucy E. Sherman, 5 

Total for the month, $ 26 60 

Previously received 135 83 

For the year so far $ 162 43 


Pennsylvania— -$17.20. 
Middle District. 

Altoona Sunday-school 17 20 

Iowa— -$2.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary D. Welty, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 19 70 

Previously received, 23 00 

For the year so far $ 42 70 

Illinois— $16.00. 

Southern District. • 

Organized Classes of Oakley Sun- 
day-school 16 00 

Iowa— $12.50. 
Middle District. 

Robins Christian Workers, 12 50 

Virginia — $10.00. 
First District. 

Trout's Bible Class 10 00 

Nebraska — $4.00. 

Susie McLellan 4 00 

Indiana — $5.63. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Cedar Creek 5 63 

Total for the month $ 48 13 

Previously received 352 74 

For the year so far $ 400 87 

Ohio — $20.00. 
Northeastern District. 

Canton Center Aid Society, 20 00 

Iowa — $19.06. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. W. C. Schwab 100 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Iowa River, 8 06 


Wm. H. Brees, 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable 5 00 

Kansas— $12.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Yoder, $10; 

Nancy Martin, $2 12 00 

Canada — $11.50. 

Sharon, 1150 

Illinois — $10.69. 

Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Mor- 
ris, 80 

Primary Department, Hastings St., 

Sunday-school 6 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Salem, 30 cents; Centennial-Okaw, 
45 cents; Lamotte Prairie, $1.35; 
Mansfield, 93 cents; Cerro Gordo, 66 

cents 3 69 


Marie Sadler, 20 

Minnesota — $10.00. 

D. B. Ogg and wife, 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Ralph B. Heisey 10 00 

Colorado — $6.00. 

Joe Trissel, $1; Clara E. Michael, 

$5 6 00 

West Virginia — $5.0O. 
First District, Individual. 

Eliza Hilkey 5 00 

Maryland — $4.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Mt. Zion, Beaver Creek Congrega- 
tion 4 00 

California — $3.00. 

Southern District, Individual. ■ 

Josephine Knee, 3 00 

Montana — $2.34. 


Milk River Valley, 2 34 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Priscilla Ohme 2 00 

Virginia-— $1.00. 

Second District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. W. Harnsberger 100 

Total for the month, . $ 116 59 

Previously received, 702 07 

For the year so far $ 818 66 


Pennsylvania— -$28.00. 

Western District, Christian Workers. 

Scalp Level, 22 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister 5 00 

Southern District. 

Primary Class, Ridge Sunday- 
school 1 00 

Indiana — $24.40. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Rossville, Middlefork Congregation, 4 40 


Anna E. Wagoner, 20 00 

Kansas — $14.00. 
Southwestern District. 

Hutchinson Mission Sunday-school, 4 00 


Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Yoder 10 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Virginia — $5.00. 
Northern District. 

Fairview-New Dale Christian 
Workers, Unity Congregation, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 76 40 

Previously received, 951 15 

For the year so far $ 1,027 55 


Iowa — $34.15. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Waterloo 15 40 

Ladies' Adult Class, Waterloo City 

Sunday-school 18 75 

Washington — $25.69. 


Seattle 20 69 

An Individual, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Virginia — $25.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Ezra Weimer 25 00 

Ohio — $12.77. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Upper Stillwater 12 00 

Class No. 2 Primary Department 

Pittsburgh, Sunday-school, 77 

Kansas— $10.00. 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Yoder, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $4.45. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Hooversville 4 45 

Colorado— $2.00. 

Mrs. H. M. Long, $1; Mrs. D. M. 

Brumbaugh, $1, 2 00 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Priscilla Ohme, 100 

Total for the month, $ 115 06 

Previously received 4,G38 26 

For the year so far, $ 4,753 32 

In diana — $5.00. 

Middle District. 

Girls' Junior Band, North Man- 
chester, $ 5 00 

Virginia — $2.50. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Geo. W. Shaffer 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 7 50 

Previously received, 69 72 

For the year so far, $ 77 22 

Indiana — $4.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Jas. A. Byer and wife, 4 00 

Total for the month $ 4 00 

Previously received 2 00 

For the year so far, $ 6 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received 33 88 

For the year so far, $ 38 88 

Indiana — $47.00. 

Ervin "Weaver, $15; Geo. M. Martin, 
$10; Eli J. Schrock, $10; S. H. Beiler, 
$5; Moses Mishler, $5; Frank Leh- 
man, $2, $ 47 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 
Eastern District. 

Amanda R. Cassel, Indian Creek 

Congregation 5 00 

Illinois — $1.20. 
Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Morris, 1 20 

Total for the month $ 53 20 

Previously received, 609 37 

For the year so far, $ 662 57 

Indiana — $74.09. 

Turkey Creek, $ 14 91 


Windfall, $5; Maple Corner of 
Prairie Creek Congregation, $2; Sal- 
amonie, $10.42; Pipe Creek, $5.80, .. 23 22 


Primary Class No. 3, Turkey Creek, 

59 cents; Class No. 2 Panther Creek, 

$35.37 35 96 

Iowa— $5.00. 

Cedar Rapids, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $17.00. 

White Oak 15 00 


Hooverstown, 2 00 

Ohio — $15.59. 

Bear Creek, 5 00 

Christian Workers. 

Canton, 10 59 

California — $8.43. 

Oak Grove, 8 43 

Illinois — $4.05. 
Bethany Graded, $3; Allison Prairie, 

$1.05, 4 05 

Michigan — $4.00. 

Young People's Class, Sunfield Sun- 
day-school, 4 00 

Kansas — $1.25. 

Verdigris, Country House, 1 25 

Total for the month, $ 129 41 

Previously received, 904 96 

For the year so far, $ 1,034 37 


Ohio— $5.00. 


J. M. C, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 19 57 

For the year so far, $ .24 57 


Will you not pray for us? Each day we 
Your prayers, for oft the way is rough 

and long, 
And our lips falter and forget their song, 
As we proclaim the Word men will not 

Will you not pray for us? Alone we stand 
To stem the awful tide of sin and shame, 
To cast out demons in the mighty Name 

Which is alone the hope of every land. 

Pray, pray for us! We are but vessels frail; 
The world's appalling need would crush 

us down 
Save that in vision we behold the crown 

Upon His brow Who shall at length pre- 

Not yet the crowning! Fields must first be 
Lives freely yielded, martyr blood be spilt, 
Love cast out fear, redemption blot out 
Ere we behold the Kingdom. of God's Son. 
We shall behold it! Lo, His Word stands 
Our King shall triumph in a world set 

With joy His chosen ones His reign shall 
Pray for us, brother, that we may endure. 
— The Baptist Missionary Herald, London. 

Our Force of Foreign Workers 

(Mail addressed to them at the addresses given will reach them safely.) 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Bloujrn, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R„ India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B , Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 3435 Van Buren St, Chicago, I1L 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Hlmmelsbaugh, Ida Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R.. India 

Heisey, Herman B 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Heisey, Grace, 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A .Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A Umalla Village, B. B. C. T. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Eme V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., ....Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough), Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florenc 3 B. (on furlough), Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough), Mt. Vernon, Missouri 

Royer, B. Mary., Vada, Thana Dist, India 

Ross, A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Ross, Mrs A. W. (on furlough), Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 


Blough, Anna M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao, Hsien, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien. Shansi. China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Van man, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. Friisgatan No. 2, Malm8, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Friisgatan No; 2, Malm6, Sweden 


Wine, A. F Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

For India, we solicit donations for the following funds: General, Train- 
ing Department, Boarding-school, Orphanage, Native Workers, Native 
Schools, Widows' Home, Industrial, Loan Fund, and Hospital Fund. 

For China, we solicit donations for the following funds: General Work, 
Native Workers, Orphanage and Hospital. 

Supports of orphans, in India, $20 per year; in China, $22 per year. 

Native workers, in either field, $60 per year. 

Boarding-school scholars, in India, $25 per year. 

We ahall be glad to correspond with any one with re- 
spect to the support of our workers in each of the fields 


How Much? SIX PER CENT! 



"I WILL INVESTIGATE." So says our clear-headed financier who is 
seeking for a place to invest his money, so that it may bring forth the greatest 
returns for the investment made, at the same time combining promptness 
of dividends, safety of principal and assurance of permanent investment. 

The WISE BUSINESS MAN cares for all these things, for he knows 
that the time will come when it will not be so easy for him to make money, 
and he desires OLD AGE TO BE FULL OF JOYS for himself. 

The WISE CHRISTIAN MAN looks for even more than this in his 
investments. He seeks for a place that will be safe for his funds and at the 
same time a place wherein his money will be doing good for his Lord. 


The following letter, in part, written some time ago to one of our sisters 
who had some funds to invest, will explain some of the advantages of our 
annuity plan (and the sister invested the funds) : 

"Now, Sister , the advantages which are foremost in 

the annuity plan are these: 

"1. Money placed with us bears no taxes. Since you are 45 
years of age we will pay you five per cent on any amount that you 
turn in to us. This five per cent will be clear to you. (If the sis- 
ter had been past 50 years of age we would have allowed her six 
per cent. The General Mission Board so decided at their meet- 
ing of April 9, 1913.) 

"2. The money is placed exactly where you wish it to go, and 
long after you are gone it will still go on bearing interest and do- 
ing good for the Master. You will thus become your own ex- 

"3. There is no worry about the investment. The interest 
comes to you regularly on the first days of January and July of 
each year. We have never been late in sending out our annuities 
from the office and to our knowledge do not have a dissatisfied 
annuitant. The Board's permanent resources of over $800,000 are 
behind the investment of your money. 

"4. You can figure definitely on the amount of interest money 
you will receive and can depend on the date when it will arrive. 

"After reading the above and carefully considering the mat- 
ter, if you at any time wish to place money with us please write 
and tell us the amount you wish to give (also the exact age should 
be given), and when you can send the amount and we will issue 
you our annuity bonds. We will send them to you and if, after 
careful investigation, you do not like them, return to us and no 
harm is done. If you like them, sign them both, return to us the 
one so marked, along with your check and all will be correctly 

The way to invest your money safely is easy. Just write to us. We 
will do the same for YOU as we have for this sister, if you desire 


Address, GENERAL MISSION BOARD, Elgin, Illinois 

The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for April, 1914 



Worth Mentioning, By R. D. M., = 129 

Open Letter, By Galen B. Rover 131 

The Thirteenth India District Meeting, By Prema Ganesh; Translated by 

Natha Becher, 135 

India Notes, By Alice K. Ebey, 137 

Some Busy Days, By Emma Horning 139 

China Notes for January, 1914, By Anna Crumpacker, 141 

A Missionary Echo from the Southland, By Wm. E. White, 142 

Do We Hear the Call from the Frontier? By Matilda Quellhurst 144 

Meaning of the Word " Mission," By Mrs. Leland Moomaw, 145 

" Here Am I, Send Me," By Elgin S. Moyer, 147 

The Missionary Claims of Our Colleges Upon Our Brotherhood, By the 

Editor, 149 

Open Letter Number Seven, By Galen B. Royer-, 156 



H. C. EARLY, Perm Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 

J. J. YODER McPherson, Kans. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOABD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 


Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscrip- 
tions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cent3 additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinue 1 at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 


The Missionary Visitor ! 

Volume XVI 

April, 1914 

Number 4 


R. D. M. 

WE date the beginning of our 
church back to 1708. Notice 
another epoch date, 1894. This 
is the year we sent the first missionary 
to India. It took us nearly two hun- 
dred years to put into practice the for- 
eign part of the Great Commission. 
But we must look forward to our op- 
portunities and be sure that we do as 
well as we know how to do, and not back 
upon the record as one of failure. 

One of the things we need is one, or 
better, more than one, missionary ser- 
mon in each church during 1914. But 
this is not all; every sermon must have 
the " Go ye " thread running through it. 
That is the thread that holds the ser- 
mons together and gives them unity. By 
sermons of such a nature men and wom- 
en are moved to service. 

We should like to know how many 
Mission Study Classes are active 
throughout the Brotherhood. We wish 
we could have a letter from each class, 
stating what books are used and the ben- 
efits derived from the class study of this 
great subject. 

Nothing will maintain the mission in- 
terest in the local church better than an 
occasional missionary program. What 
child is there who would not be helped 
by reciting a missionary poem? No one 
is able to foretell the influence upon the 
child's future life of this simple part 
in public exercises. Children are will- 
ing to work if they are asked. And not 
only children, but also younger people, 
enjoy doing things. We think of a con- 

gregation in Pennsylvania which sup- 
ports a foreign missionary. To keep 
alive the spirit that burned so brightly 
when the missionary sailed, nearly 
eleven years ago, the members of that 
congregation render a missionary pro- 
gram at least quarterly. This keeps the 
church in touch with missions, and the 
funds for the representative on the field 
are forthcoming without any trouble. 

Our ministerial force for 1913 num- 
bered 3,017. What a splendid line-up 
of men saved for service in the cause of 
the Master, called and ordained to 
preach the Word! But now another 
item of figures. In 1912 our force num- 
bered 3,066 — a decrease of half a hun- 
dred. Suppose this rate of decrease 
continues during 1914. If so we will 
fall below the 3,000 mark. Where are 
the talented young men? If in business, 
why there? 

The children of our Sunday-schools 
should have the privilege of giving, once 
a year — oftener would be much better — 
directly to the support of a foreign mis- 
sionary whom they have seen, heard 
speak, and know personally. There are 
four schools, each of which supports a 
missionary on the field. One of these 
is located in Pennsylvania, one in Illi- 
nois, and two in Iowa. Out of 'the four- 
teen schools having an enrollment of 
over four hundred, only one is included 
among these four. The schools of sev- 
eral State Districts also afford the little 
ones this rare privilege of giving. 

" The young people have not been 


The Missionary Visitor 


brought into the church and the old are 
passing away." This significant state- 
ment recently was made in the report of 
a church, once active, but now about to 
close its doors. The question that was 
put is, " Why were the young not 
brought into the church? " It looks as 
though we need home as well as foreign 
missionaries. To the extent that we 
have home workers, to that extent have 
we volunteers for the foreign field. 

In the State of Washington, one of 
the local churches held twenty-five Mis- 
sion Study Meetings during some of the 
last summer months. During the year 
in this same church five special mission- 
ary programs were rendered. The se- 
cret of this splendid activity is a con- 
secrated local Mission Board. Those 
who go to the Annual Conference this 
year will find themselves in active mis- 
sion territory. 

A wide-awake missionary secretary 
in every State District, as provided for 
by the Annual Conference of 1911, is 
one of the strongest factors of success 
in the efforts of the General Board to 
propagate missionary sentiment through- 
out the churches and to solicit funds 
for the support of the work oh the field. 
The District Mission Boards and the 
delegates at the various District Meet- 
ings should use the utmost care and con- 

cern in placing the right person in this 
important office. 

Here is what the members of a grow- 
ing church did recently: First, they 
wrote to the General . Board for infor- 
mation relative to the support of a 
foreign missionary. It was reported to. 
them that there are two of our mis- 
sionaries under the support of the Board 
and not directly under any District or 
congregation. The next mail brought 
$75 for the first quarter's support of 
one of these two missionaries. The 
Board delights in this kind of corres- 

In the Vyara Boarding-school in India 
are forty-two pupils, whose support of 
$25 per year affords an opportunity for 
our home folks to do a little good. Out 
of this number, nineteen are maintained 
by various individuals and Sunday- 
school classes, leaving twenty-three to 
be assigned to any individual or class 
that may desire to have their interests 
center around a missionary effort. 
Would a proposition of this kind appeal 
to your class? The next little fellow 
on the waiting list is Nuxreo Kamcho. 
Overlook his unfamiliar name. Notice 
his upturned face, as he wonders what 
lies beyond the small horizon that shuts 
him out from what we have enjoyed 
since the first of our childhood days. 
What could he not be, had he a chance ! 

Young- People's Mission Band, Mineral Creek Church, Mo. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sister Quinter's Grave. 

Looking almost north over her grave, which is marked by a bouquet of flowers. Near by 
can be seen the graves of the children of Brother and Sister Adam Ebey. 


Vyara, India, Jan. 15. 
Dear Henry : 

Bro. Early and I have just arrived 
here from the funeral at Bulsar today. 
Before starting to Ahwa tomorrow I 
wish to tell you some things concerning 
the attention given to and the death of 
Sister Quinter. You know from the 
cable that she was buried today. 

She told me herself that some mem- 
bers of the Field Committee advised 
her to go home for her operation, but 
that she of her own choice preferred re- 
maining on the field. Just why she de- 
cided thus she did not tell me. I know 
in the first place that she loved her work 
and liked to be in India. Of course she 
knew that she could have good medical 
attention, and this she received, indeed. 

She died Wednesday morning about 
two. I had the privilege of talking with 

her a few minutes on Monday morning 
preceding. Bro. Blough and I arrived 
at Anand, a six hours' ride by rail north 
from Bulsar, at daybreak. In about an 
hour I was permitted to step into the 
pleasant, cozy room in the home of the 
doctors, Mr. and Mrs. Gavin, medical 
missionaries of the Irish Presbyterian 
Church. They took special interest in 
Sister Mary — could not have done more 
for her had she been their own daughter 
(by the way, they have two children in 
Great Britain being educated) — and 
used their best skill for her. Though 
"they have a splendid hospital, just a few 
steps away, they carried the operating 
table and necessary equipment into their 
residence so as to make everything as 
homelike as possible. Dr. Laura Cot- 
trell said that few among all the hos- 
pitals in America could afford better at-- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tendon and skill than was accorded our 
sister. I saw the doctors and they im- 
pressed me as clean-handed and pure- 
hearted Christian physicians, who know 
their profession well. Besides these 
two doctors who, with the nurse, Miss 
Cameron, who cared for Sister Quinter 
at night, Dr. Laura Cottrell attended her 
during the day. 

The operation was a success, even if 
our dear sister had to remain on the 
table for nearly three hours. She rallied 
from it nicely and for a couple of days 
was doing very well. Suddenly delir- 
ium and heart failure became pro- 
nounced, and the latter perhaps was the 
immediate cause of her death. 

On the matter of preparation for the 
end I was deeply impressed by our sis- 
ter's course. When I visited her before 
she left for the hospital and asked her 
about the outlook she said she did not 

know what would develop when they lo- 
cated the tumor. She realized that there 
was a possibility of no recovery, so she 
wrote me a letter for the General Mis- 
sion Board, disposing of her inheritance. 
She wrote Bro. Blough a letter, dispos- 
ing of her effects here. After making 
proper disposition of her expenses in- 
curred, in the event of death she gave 
all her property, save the contents of 
two trunks, to the mission here. The 
trunks are to be shipped to her mother. 
I am enclosing herewith the last two 
pages of her letter to Bro. Blough. 

In addition, Dr. Laura Cottrell has 
supplied me with an account of her last 
hours on earth. It is as follows: 

As the day of Jan. 14 was just beginning, 
the spirit of our dear Sister Quinter took 
its flight to our Father Whom she loved so 
well. It was my privilege to be with her 
at this time, as well as during the opera- 
tion and the succeeding illness, at her kind 

Doctors, Mr. and Mrs. Gavin, and Miss Cameron and Native Helpers of the 

Hospital Staff. 

The two men behind Mrs. Gavin and Miss Cameron and the two girls in front of 
them assisted in the operation. 


The Missionary Visitor 


On Jan. 8 Sister Quinter underwent an 
operation at the hospital of our friends and 
neighboring missionaries, Dr. and Mrs. 
Gavin, of the Irish Presbyterian Mission. 
They are excellent physicians. Sister 
Quinter had her faith and confidence in 
them, and it was well placed. The opera- 
tion was a success and she recovered nicely 
from it. For two days after the operation 
she promised to recover and we were en- 
couraged; but the nervous system had suf- 
fered a severe shock and the heart was not 
able to withstand it all. After the first day 
she suffered very little pain. On Sunday 

cover. It was not until in the afternoon of 
Jan. 13 that a change was noted. Dr. and 
Mrs. Gavin (both physicians) and their 
nurse, Miss Cameron, did all that was pos- 
sible for her. Everyone in the mission did 
all they could for us, and we are most 
grateful to them and to our Heavenly Fa- 
ther Who gives us such kind friends, even 
though we are so far from home and loved 

As we saw the home-going was so near 
we thought, " If a message could only be 
sent from her to the dear old mother in the 
homeland." It seemed as though she 

Home of Doctors, Mr. and Mrs. Gavin, at Anand, Where Sister Quinter 
Was Operated "Upon and Where She Afterwards Died. 

following a change came, and telegrams 
were sent to Sister Sadie Miller and Bro. 
Blough, in response to which they came to 
Anand (the place where Dr. and Mrs. Gavin 
are located), Bro. Blough being accom- 
panied by Bro. Royer. That day was one 
of her best days and she knew them all. 
Bro. Blough, while speaking to her said, 
" The Lord bless you and keep you," to 
which she replied, " Oh, He is blessing and 
keeping me. He blesses me every day." 
Even though she was so very ill, and often 
talked in a rambling way, there was plainly 
to be seen the undercurrent of faith and 
trust which was manifested in her life. De- 
lirium was present from Saturday until the 
end, sometimes worse than at other times. 
On Monday evening she was so much 
better that Bro. Royer, Bro. Blough and 
Sister Sadie left Anand. The following 
day, in the morning, she promised to re- 

wished to say something, so we said to her, 
"Mamie, send love to mama?" After re- 
peating this phrase several times she then 
clearly and distinctly said, " Yes." The 
same response came for a love message to 
sisters. When it was said to her, " You'll 
soon be at home with Jesus," she again 
said, " Yes." Just before the end came a 
look of peace and joy shone from her 
countenance and she seemed to be seeing 
something not visible to us. It was a joy 
to see this saint go home. A most touch- 
ing and simple prayer was offered by Dr. 
Gavin just as the spirit took its flight to the 
One she loved so well. She was one of His 
chosen ones, and what a joyful meeting 
must have been over there in the land to 
which we go! 

We shall miss Sister Mamie here, and 
there is a vacant place over in the home- 
land, and yet what a joy fills our hearts 


The Missionary Visitor 

when we know how willingly she laid down 
her life for those who know not of the 
peace that cometh from the loving, quiet 
voice of the Savior! A useful life is gone 
from us, and who will take up the work she 
has laid down? 

During the night Brethren Stover and 
Blough and Sister Sadie Miller came; but 
the spirit had gone home. When we saw 
Sister Quinter again loving hands had pre- 
pared her for her long sleep. Flowers were 
in her hands and on the pillow. Others 
were arranged in the form of a cross on her 
bosom and of a crown at her feet. On the 
table near by were placed the pictures of 
her mother and father, sisters and their chil- 
dren, just where she would have wished 
them to be. How beautiful was her life of 
sacrifice and service, and now how beauti- 
ful in death with the sweet smile about 
the lips and the look of peace, content, and 

sjctjc £*o ten (L?-^*<^&-rf J %. 

£t/i^-s /\j#&Lwitf 

Sister Quinter's Last Message. From a Letter 
to J. M. Bloug-h. 

Tlie Last Picttire Taken of Sister Quinter Just 

a Few Days Before She Went to the 


Bro. Brubaker's body lies far from 
the mission, in the mountains. Sister 
Quinter's rests in the midst of her peo- 
ple at Bulsar. The funeral at 8 : 30 was 
largely attended by English and native 
sympathizers. The order of the service 
was as follows : Bro. Stover had gen- 
eral charge. After the reading of Scrip- 
ture the congregation sang in the Guje- 
rati, " Safe in the Arms of Jesus." Bro. 
Stover led in prayer. The sermon was 
preached from Philpp. 1 : 21 : "For me 
to live is Christ; to die is gain." Bro. 
Blough interpreted. Bro. Early led in 
the closing prayer given at the grave. 
While the grave was being filled they 
sang Sister Ouinter's favorite hymn, 
" Sun of My Soul." 

Native brethren were eager" for a 
chance to help bear the body to the cem- 


The Missionary Visitor 


etery and changed without making any 
stops. Many wept. I plucked a rose- 
bud, and two white flowers from the 
casket and sent them to her mother. 

The day has been a sad one and a 
glad one : sad because a worker so great- 
ly needed on the field is no more. She 
was well adapted for caring for the 
Widows' Home. She was loved by 
many. Glad because of the faith and 
hope and resignation she showed dur- 
ing her last days. More in glory; less 
on earth. Yet earth is the richer be- 
cause of her life. 

I have been here in India Ions: enousrh 

to see some of the value our two 
doctors will be to our work here. I am 
glad that within such easy reach there 
is just as good medical attendance for 
our American workers as there is to be 

India looks natural. I never was here 
before, of course, save through picture, 
through story, through thought and 
prayer ; yet it looks as though I had been 
over the land before. I hope to say 
more about the work here later. 


Galen B. Royer. 



(Report of the District Meeting held in 
Ankleshwer, India, while Brethren Early 
and Royer were there. The report was 
written by the Gujerati secretary of the 
meeting, Brother Prema Ganesh, and pub- 
lished in the Prakash Patra the next week. 
It was translated by another India brother, 
Natha Becher, and appears here as he trans- 
lated it. The original report is a bit short- 
ened, though otherwise quite literal.) 

EVERY one of us know very well 
why the District Meeting, not 
coming in its usual season, was 
held so early. The reason of it was 
that two of our honorable elders had 
come from America to visit us. 

Regarding the program, on Monday 
evening at 7 : 30 all of the brethren and 
sisters were welcomed to take part in 
the sen-ice; the reason why all came re- 
joicing was that they were to hear the 
sacred promises from the mouth of a 
famous esteemed preacher, i. e., our 
honorable Early Sahib. We were great- 
ly benefited this evening by different 

We all praise God for the work of 
the next day, and its success. We spent 
the whole day hearing divine promises, 
praising and praying to the Lord and 
living in brotherly-love and joy. It 

would take a great deal of space to de- 
scribe what advantages and blessings 
we have derived, but in short we heard 
of the biblical instructions and the need 
of Sunday-school teachers for the good 
teaching. Honorable Miss Shumaker 
carried on the Sunday-school teach- 
ings ; in the afternoon the ceremony of 
baptism was performed. Besides this, 
we were abundantly blessed this even- 
ing. It was very clear that every one at- 
tending the meeting was greatly in- 
fluenced by the holy promises spoken by 
Elder Royer Sahib. Many gave their 
solemn promises to avoid from bad 
habits, and agreed to give the tenth of 
their income to the Lord's service. It 
is estimated that there were 800 to 1,000 
people present in the meeting. 

When honorable Elder Royer Sahib 
brought an end to his preaching the peo- 
ple remained in the same place and made 
music; the number of those who were 
sitting and standing was very large. 
Moreover, the singers were so swal- 
lowed up in music that it seemed as if 
they resounded heaven; they were sing- 
ing and praising the Lord with over- 
whelming joy. Many outside people al- 


The Missionary Visitor 


so had come to hear songs, as these 
were the days of full moon. They were 
quite astonished to hear such religious 
singing. This continued until 11:30 P. 

After this some .of the brethren stood 
up and gave their witness as to what 
God had done for them ; some said, 
" We were so wicked before we were 
brought to Christ that we can't tell, but 
now we positively say that we are not 
what we were before, because God has 
saved us from all evils and now we are 
wholly new." All were exceedingly re- 
joicing because they had got spiritual 
gift. The meeting was dissolved at 12 
P. M. 

On the third day the meeting was held 
at 8 A. M. for the District Meeting 
work. Elder Ebey Sahib, the president 
of the last year, began the service with 
praises and prayer. After the reading 
of the old report, the representatives 
from the different churches were called 
and then new officers were elected to do 
the work of the District Meeting: 

Moderator, Eld. I. S. Long, English 
Secretary, Eld. J. I. Kaylor, Gujerati 
Secretary, Bro. Prema Ganesh. 

After this there was a question as to 
whether there were any queries from 
any church or not. There was a letter 
from the church at Jalalpor and a rec- 
ommendation from the District Mission 
Board. In the Jalalpor church letter 
it was requested that there should be a 
committee of three in behalf of the Sun- 
day-school, and that it should cooperate 
with the District Sunday-school Secre- 
tary. The letter was read before the 
audience. Accordingly the committee of 
three was appointed: Narayanji Valji, 
for 3 years ; Nathalal Madhevlal, for 
2 years; Nargarji Dhanji, for 1 year. 

The secretary of the Field Committee 
argued that there should be a committee 
of two missionaries and one native 
brother from every established church. 
After reading the letter it was decided 

that each church should elect one from 
among themselves. This committee is I 
for next Annual Meeting. 

The report of the Sunday-school Sec- 
retary is below : 

Excellent : Bulsar, Vali. 

Flags : Ankleshwer, Karadoho, Ahwa, 
and Vada. 

Stars: Ajat, Ghunti, Rhoid, Umerva- 
da, Mortalav, and Vyara. 

After this there were 74 candidates 
who were ready to appear in the teach- 
ers' training class. 

Henceforth the native mission work 
was commenced. The report of the Dis- 
trict Meeting Board Secretary was read 
and passed. Mithabhai Amthabhai and 
Ichhabhai Nersibhai were the members 
who had finished their time, and two 
new ones, namely, Vishvasrav and Ich- 
habhai, are elected for three years. 

It was settled that the Rev. Pittenger 
Sahib may take a seat in the Standing 
Committee at the Annual Big Meeting, 
which is to be held in America. 

The president suggested as to whether 
there should be a Temperance Commit- 
tee or not. The request was granted 
and three members were appointed : Eld. 
W. B. Stover, for 3 years; Renchordji 
Ganesh for 2 years ; Soma Ramabhai for 
1 year. 

Afterwards each church gave offer- 
ings for the native mission work. The 
collections are Rs. 908-12-9, excepting 
some churches which are to give later 
on. There was a special collection. The 
total amount was 1007 ($335). Hear- 
ing this all were glad. 

And to the Managing Committee of 
the District Meeting was committed the 
work as to where it should be next year. 

At last all stood up and spoke in ob- 
ligatory terms to the Managing Com- 
mittee of five members which was 
elected by the church at Ankleshwer, 
and for the good conveniences which 
they had made. After this with hymns 
and prayers the meeting was dismissed. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Alice K. Ebey 

"For me to live is Christ, and to die is v 
gain " (Philpp. 1: 2). 

THIS was the text from which Bro. 
Royer preached on the morning 
of Jan. 15 in the Bulsar church, 
where most of our missionaries and a 
large number of Indian Christians had 
gathered around the lifeless form of 
our dear Sister Quinter. In her life 
and in her death she has exemplified 
the truth of this text. Those who knew 
her best know that for her to live was 
Christ, and Christ only. Personal am- 
bition and self-seeking found little place 
in her life, so wholly was it yielded to 
the Lord. Cheerfully she laid all on 
the altar. Gladly she devoted her time, 
her strength, her talents, her substance 
to work for Christ in India. She did 
not even hesitate to lay down her life 
in this land for the Lord Jesus. When 
solicitous fellow-workers and friends 
urged her return to the homeland for 
the serious operation she had to under- 
go, she steadfastly refused, choosing to 
remain in the country of her adoption, 
to live or to die, as the Father might 

She had hoped to regain her health, 
so as to continue her work for the Lord, 
and we were all praying earnestly for 
her recovery, feeling that we so greatly 
needed her. Yet she did not shrink 
from death, for to her death was gain. 
Early on Jan. 14 she calmly passed 
through the gates to her exceeding great 
reward. The Lord called her, saying, 
" Well done, thou good and faithful 
servant, enter thou into the joy of thy 

Some one said, " Her work is done." 
But no; we cannot have it so; it is only 
begun. Ten years of loving service in 
India is a seed dropped into the ground. 
Who dare say that the seed has com- 

pleted its growth? Dear Sister Mamie 
is with us no more in person. Her 
voice is stilled, her place is vacant, and 
we miss her sorely. We have been be- 
reft of one who was very near and dear 
to us ; but she still lives and will live 
in the hearts o>f those who knew and 
loved her. She brought many a soul to 
Christ in India and encouraged and 
helped many a weak Christian over 
hard places in the battle of life. 

To die is gain. To her it is gain, we 
know; great gain. But our faith tells 
us that her death, even to us, is not al- 
together a loss. The good influence of 
her sweet, trustful spirit is the heritage 
of her fellow-workers and Indian breth- 
ren and sisters. 

Brother and Sister Heisey and little 
daughter sailed from Bombay Jan. 13. 
Bro. Heisey had been troubled for some 
time with extreme nervous weakness, 
and it was deemed best for them to re- 
turn to< the homeland. Sister Quinter 
was called to her heavenly home the 
next day. So our mission force num- 
bers three less, and doors for effectual 
work are opening day by day. Who will 
hasten to fill these gaps in our broken 
ranks? Surely it is not God's will that 
His army should be diminished at this 
most opportune time of taking India 
for Christ. 

Owing to a reactionary attitude of the 
leaders of the Bhattias, a high caste, 
over a hundred seceded in Bombay. 
They are forming a new caste with looser 
rules in regard to eating, drinking and 
social intercourse with other people. 
The iron rules of class must give way. 
A new day is dawning for India's caste- 
ridden land. We hope it may make 
the numerous castes and sects of India 
" all one in Christ Jesus." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our District Meeting is to be held at 
Anklesvar Feb. 9, 10 and 11. This is 
to be followed by a meeting of the Field 
Committee and the final conference of 
the missionaries with our visiting elders. 
There will also be. some time for Bible 
study and prayer. We expect good mes- 
sages from our visiting brethren. We 
predict that this will be a gathering 
long remembered by those who are priv- 
ileged to attend. • 

Sister Sadie J. Miller is for the 
present taking charge of the Widows' 
Home at Jalalapor, of which Sister 
Quinter had the oversight until her 
death. Sister Sadie also hopes to do 
some touring with her Bible woman in 
the Vyara District before the cool sea- 
son closes. 

Adoniram Judson, nearly a hundred 
years ago, made this significant request 
in regard to missionary recruits : 
" Humble, quiet, persevering men ; men 
of amiable, yielding temper, willing to 
take the lowest place, to be the least of 
all; men who enjoy much closet religion, 
who live near God : these are the men 
we need." 

At the close of 1913 the total mem- 
bership of our church in India was 
1,198. One hundred and fifteen bap- 
tisms were reported for the year. There 
are nine mission stations and sixty-six 
substations, with a staff of twenty-eight 
American workers on the field and 148 
Indian workers. There are fifty-three 
village schools, with an enrollment of 
1,108 scholars, and four boarding 
schools, with an enrollment of 161. 

While Brethren Early and Royer 
were visiting Ahwa, in the Dang For- 
ests, where Brother and Sister Kaylor 
are located, the church there was or- 
ganized, with Bro. I. S. Long as elder 
in charge. Bro. Daniel Salve, who has 
been one of the most faithful workers, 
was placed in the deacon's office. We 
hope many more of these forest people 
may be won for Christ. The church at 

Ahwa is the seventh local church organ- 
ized in India. 

Brother and Sister Lichty spent the 
first few weeks of the year in camp at I 
Amletha. This is within the bounds of 
the Taropa church, which was organ- 
ized five years ago, and of which Bro. 
Lichty is elder. Through the unfaith- 
fulness of the Indian worker who had 
been the native leader in the church at 
that place, the cause had not been pros- 
pering of late. Several members had 
slipped back into heathenism and the 
church was much unsettled. Under the 
blessing of the Lord our brother and 
sister have revived the work. The err- 
ing leader was brought to full confes- 
sion and he, with several others, was re- 
stored to the fold and the church set in 
order. We expect some good things 
from the Taropa church. 

The Varleys, who comprise a large 
part of the population of Dahanu Ta- 
luka (county), have hitherto cared little 
for education. They are very poor and 
are usually greatly oppressed by the 
wealthy land owners. The few pice the 
children may earn help to buy food for 
the family. But lately these people 
have begun to manifest a keen desire to 
have their children in our mission 
schools. A few weeks ago, at the very 
urgent request of the villagers, a new 
school was opened in a near-by village. 
Over twenty children, mostly Varleys, 
are enrolled. Other villages are beg- 
ging the missionary to open schools. 
These poor, ignorant jungle people are 
awakening to a sense of their needs. 
They are spirit worshipers, and most of 
their religion consists of efforts to keep 
in abeyance the evil spirits. They are 
in sad need of the Gospel of Christ. We 
hope that as they awake to the need of 
education we may be able to lead many 
of them into the light of the Savior. 

A missionary who has worked some 
twenty years in India gives, in the 
Church Missionary Gleaner, the follow- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing bit of his experience : " One evening, 
with some Indian helpers, found us 
preaching in a little village on the banks 
of the Krishna River. A good number 
were gathered together listening. Two 
or three of us had spoken, and the last 
speaker dwelt on the fullness of Christ 
and His salvation; upon Him as the 
only Way and the only Savior. Dark- 
ness had fallen upon us and still they 
lingered, listening to the old, old story. 
When the speaker had finished there 
was a pause, and out of the darkness 
came a voice. We could not see the 
man, only we heard the voice in the 
stillness of the evening : ' I am about 
forty years old. I have grown up 
amidst the ceremonies and teachings of 

Hinduism. Ever since I began to think 
about such things I have seen and 
heard nothing but my own religion. If 
what you say is true, if there is no oth- 
er Savior than Jesus Christ, why has 
it been kept back from me till now? 
Why did I never hear it before? Why 
was I not told when I was younger, be- 
fore I became matured and settled in 
my habits? It is too late for me now.' 
I stood still for very shame. In my 
heart there arose one longing desire. 
Oh, that the multitudes who throng our 
churches in the homeland could be 
brought face to face with this man and 
realize for once, as I was realizing it, 
the shame of a neglected duty ! " 

Karadoho, via Dahanu, India, Feb. 6. 


Emma Horning 

THIS week I must tell you about 
our tours among the near vil- 
lages. There are many villages 
just a few miles around the city whose 
people have heard very little about the 
Gospel. They have perhaps heard there 
arc foreigners in the city, but that is 
about all. One comes on these villages 
any place on the numerous hillsides and 
valleys. Many of the homes are just 
caves in the hills, with the front walled 
up like a house. When they are fixed 
well they are comfortable — warm in the 
winter and cool in the summer. Several 
times this week, while the girls' school 
is closed for the vacation, we girls 
hired donkeys and took our table boy 
with us. He is a pretty good Christian 
and can talk to the people a little. We 
took lots of tracts along and gave to 
everybody we met on the road. Most 
people go on foot here, so this is easily 
done, and there are so many of them. 
If they drove fast horses and autos it 
would not be so easy. But we would 

love to have a good swift ride once in a 
while. These sleepy donkeys are not 
very inspiring. 

The first trip was to see the mother of 
one of the schoolboys. She is not well 
and we gave her some medicine. Such 
a welcome ! The room was packed till 
they almost crushed each other and the 
sick woman became faint. We could 
not stay long inside, so we went outside 
and sang some hymns and talked to 
them about the true religion. On the 
way back we stopped at a large tem- 
ple where we had never been, and 
looked over the many rooms, idols and 
paintings. Some of their best paintings 
are on the temple walls, and here is 
their only pretty architecture. We gave 
the people tracts, then called at the 
home of one of the schoolgirls. They 
were so glad for our visit that we must 
go to see all their near relatives, and 
look at some sick people, too. 

The next time we went to a fishpond 
a few miles from here. It is several 


The Missionary Visitor 


rods across, with a good wall around 
it. A little island is at one side, with 
a small pine tree on it. There is a 
spring in it, and it does not freeze. 
Mosses grow in the bottom and gold 
and silver fish are in it. As we stood 
there a crowd soon gathered and we 
showed them the chart pictures of Jesus, 
told them of the true religion, and in- 
vited them to church in the city. They 
said they did not know they were al- 
lowed to come. Then we went on to 
several villages and spoke to the people. 
At one place a man came, running as 
soon as he saw us coming, and was so 
interested in all we said ! After we 
were through he told us he had not 
worshiped idols for a long time, for he 
knew they were no good, but he said 
this must be the true religion. 

Friday we went to see another sick 
woman in a village several miles away. 
It is a very nice Chinese home and they 
seemed like fine people. We gave her 
the medicine she needed, prayed for her 
and showed them some chart pictures, 
but the people crowded in so that we 
could not stand it. We told them we 
would soon come out and preach to 
them in the court, but still they would 
push in so we could not stay in long. 
In the court I stood up on a bench and 
held the chart and talked, and Minerva 

talked. How they listened! — about a 
hundred of them. May some seed have 
fallen in good ground. 

Just as we were about to leave they 
said they wanted us to see another 
woman who was not well. She is only 
eighteen, and they say she is possessed 
of an evil spirit, and that every few 
days it shakes her and makes her stiff 
for a short time. We hear often of 
such things here, but it is the first time 
I have seen a person of the kind. I 
doubt if this is the real thing. She may 
have worms. I gave her some worm 
medicine, anyway, and we will see what 
the result will be. We gave the man a 
Gospel and told him to study it, and 
pray to the true God, and we thought 
they would get well. We hope God's 
glory will be shown here, as in Jesus' 
time. We spoke in some other parts 
of the village, then came home, tired 
but happy, for had we not been doing as 
Jesus had done when he was on earth? 

This is Chinese New Year time, and 
we hear firecrackers day and night in 
worship of the, gods. The government 
tells them not to waste their money that 
way, but they cannot break off their 
thousands of years' customs in one year, 
though the noise is less than in other 
years. It lasts for two or three weeks. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 

At the First Love Feast in tlie Liao Hsien Church. 
Bro. Crumpacker at the camera should be counted. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anna Crumpacker 

AS the New Year was ushered in 
we had hoped to see the Chinese, 
too, adopt the foreign calendar, 
but there was even less observance on 
their part this year than last. The 26th 
of January was their New Year, and 
observances were everywhere noticeable. 
The shops were closed and the streets 
almost depopulated for a few days. The 
new red paper mottoes and greetings 
were visible on all the gates. Feasting 
and gambling were the order of the day. 
The temptations for the Christians are 
many indeed. The household gods and 
ancestral tablets are especially wor- 
shiped on these occasions. This is the 
time of the year when one sees evidences 
of the family tie in China, when every 
one tries to be home. 

Some special efforts have been made 
in an evangelistic way during this sea- 
son. A worker was sent to He Shun to 
see what the opening is there for an out- 
station ; opium refuge work and a 
preaching chapel being the first steps 
that would be taken. He Shun is one 
day north from Liao Hsien and two 
days south of Ping Ting. It shows 
signs of having been a prosperous city 
in an earlier day, but opium has had a 
strong hold there. It shows plainly on 
the people's faces, as well as in their 
dilapidated buildings. There is a pros- 
perous agricultural region round about. 
Pray for the people at this place. 

It is most interesting to watch the 
growth of the newly-baptized Christians. 
One of them is showing a zeal which 
certainly is inspiring. Recently he led 
the weekly prayer meeting for Chris- 
tians at Ping Ting. His lesson was 
" Jesus' Discourse on the Bread of 
Life." Great drops of perspiration 
were constantly appearing on his face, 
but his message was certainly from his 

heart and was a help to all present. A 
call was made at his home, but his wife 
and little girl seemed very much afraid. 
We were greatly encouraged last Sun- 
day, for he had succeeded in getting his 
wife to church. 

The schoolboys have enjoyed their 
holiday. Some of them spent a part of 
the time in selling Gospels and distribut- 
ing tracts. One of the famine boys, 
Wang Tzi, was taken very ill with ap- 
pendicitis on Christmas Day. It seemed 
impossible to operate at that time, as 
there was no place in readiness for 
such work. Accordingly the operation 
was postponed, and on Jan. 12 he was 
sent to a hospital. The internal condi- 
tion proved to be quite bad, but he is 
getting on nicely and we hope that ere 
long he will be able to be about again. 
How glad we are for medical help! 
How anxious we are when the orphan 
boys are ill ! Though they are getting 
strong, even yet they do not have much 
surplus energy, and there are a few of 
them that gather strength very slowly. 
We entertain great hopes for them, how- 
ever, and doubtless among them are 
some of the sturdy workers for the 
church in China. 

A great number of widows apply to 
us to take their boys into school. Some 
of them want them fed and clothed, and 
some indeed seem deserving of that 
much help ; others desire partially to 
support them and have the church do 
the rest. The problem is a big one. 

Medical education and research work 
is one of the crying needs of China. 
Great superstitions have been con- 
nected with the dissection of the human 
body, and consequently practically noth- 
ing has been done in the way of scien- 
tific investigation along this line. A 
great victory was won recently when the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Governor of Hupeh sanctioned dissec- 

Political Council advises the cabinet 
to fix the president's salary at $360,000, 
with a yearly allowance of $540,000 and 
household expenses $1,500,000; the 
vice-president's salary to be $360,000, all 
in Mexican money. 

Various financial schemes are being 
advanced. The country's finances are 
in a deplorable condition, though there 
are untold undeveloped resources. The 
Salt Gabelle now proposes to open a 
salt bank and a salt college. Experts 
are to be trained and manufacturing es- 
tablishments are to be maintained. The 
estimated minimum revenue from salt 
for 1914 is $60,000,000. Perhaps the 
reader would be interested to know that 
we pay about as much for salt as you 
do for sugar, unless we refine it our- 

The government proposes to investi- 
gate cases where Christians were mar- 
tyred during the Revolution. The pur- 
pose is to compensate the relatives. 

The proposition for a state religion 
is still receiving a great deal of atten- 
tion. Several proclamations have been 
issued, to the effect that there is to be 
no state religion. There is a great deal 
of talk about making the teaching of 
the Confucian classics compulsory in 
the schools. Some of China's leaders 
see the need of strong moral teaching. 
Hsiung Hsi Ling recently issued the fol- 
lowing statement : " Religion is the soul 
of a nation. Man dies when his soul 
departs from him, and it is so also with 
a nation." 

Is the church of Jesus Christ ready 
to give to this struggling nation the one 
great power that can make her live? 


Wm. E. White 

TTJ HEN a boy we lived between the 
\\ Tippecanoe River and a very 
high, wooded hill. Early on 
bright, frosty mornings we boys were 
out shouting with the full strength of 
our lungs, then remaining perfectly 
quiet, listening to the echoes roll, roll; 
where, where ending? For miles the 
sound would roll up and down the 
stream, sometimes loud, sometimes soft, 
owing to the surroundings. Tonight we 
are shouting again and listening for the 
echoes to return. Will they " roll from 
soul to soul," always softening and be- 
coming more harmonious to the Divine 
Ear listening to the music of the re- 
demption song of man? 

Fifteen years of study of the South- 

ern mission question, four years on the 
" skirmish line," doing all kinds of 
duty, has taught the solution of a few 
of the questions, and has shown that the 
reorganization of all classes of society 
is being accomplished in every section 
of the South. 

Will it result in turning to the cul- 
tured skepticism of much of the North, 
with the loss of the lovable nature of 
most Southern-reared people? or will 
some one, true to the Father's plan of 
Christianity, rescue the grandest natures 
ever known to our country? 

But how can it be done ? " The night 
is far spent, the day is at hand," hence 
it is too late for experiment. As we 
see it now, the work must be accom- 


The Missionary Visitor 


plished by two classes: First, the 
pickets, who go to the front and in- 
vestigate; then others, who follow and 
" chock the wheel," or hold the wagon 
until the workers get their breath. 

We have too few of the latter class 
everywhere, especially here. In our es- 
timlation, the public school teacher is 
the best picket, as he goes forward, 
lives with the people, sympathizes with 
them, knozvs them. If he be true, he 
leads in every work, enters every home 
and leaves love in almost every heart. 
But his work is done; then a family or 
two move into the field, start Sunday- 
school, preaching, etc., " chocking the 
wheel," holding the load. Soon the sky 
clears, a church is organized, a native 
born, who was educated by the teacher, 
is elected to the ministry, and the church 
is permanent. The worker moves on 
and enters a new field, adjacent to his 
old one, for the efforts must be not 
isolated, nor spasmodic, if success is de- 
sired, but must be systematically planned 
by an intelligent overseer. 

We could use in the Fruitdale field 
many of the advance guards and several 
I chockers." We now have two mis- 
sions, besides our organized churches ; 
one partially organized, the other ready 
to be, had we the reliable brother to 
place in charge. Workers of all grades 
can be serviceable, but only loyal ones 
can be sent, as a new cause among a 
new people is easily ruined by a few 
disloyal leaders. 

The foundation for the future must 
be laid deep on the rock. Nearly two 
years ago two of us met at the home of 
a sister and held services.- A move to 
the schoolhouse was soon necessary; 
then work, work; sometimes large 
! crowds, sometimes small. Now we are 
gathering the harvest — four in Decem- 

ber, two more today, Feb. 15; twelve 
members there now, but we need a 
teacher for that school; then we can 
organize and educate for the future. 
Who will volunteer? — a true mission- 
ary, who supports himself and saves a 
small amount for his own future. 

A good leader in any walk of life 
would hold the work together until one 
of the younger ones could be trained. 
This only is success. What has this 
cost? Miles walked through rain, mud 
or heat; many days of almost despair; 
some days with crowded house, others 
with almost none; but now the foun- 
dation is laid, we trust on solid rock, 
and among as loving, loyal hearts as are 
seen anywhere. 

At another mission point, after two 
years of work, our first result was seen 
Sunday, Feb. 8, when one man ex- 
pressed his desire to join our number. 
Thus the work is spreading in all di- 

A new congregation has been organ- 
ized in Mobile County, as a Christmas 
present to the Brotherhood. Here are 
both teachers, and " chockers " present, 
so we do not fear the future. 

Among the number wanting to be 
missionaries, are there not a few who 
will enter the home field, even if they 
must support themselves? The only 
hope, as we see it, is to come to our 
level if you want to win us ; and the one 
who will not would better stay at home, 
as he is only a hindrance. 

Will we succeed? We are succeed- 
ing, and " Nothing succeeds like suc- 
cess." The growth is steady but sure, 
and I believe permanent. Will you 
" come over and help us " ? 

Will the echoes return to us " We are 
coming, we are coming"? 

Vinegar Bend, Ala. 

144 The Missionary Visitor 


Matilda Quellhurst 


THE call from the field is so great 
and the workers responding to 
the call so few that we are made 
to wonder if perchance some have really 
never heard the call. 

There are hundreds of Christian 
young men and women in the United 
States who 1 are educating themselves for 
greater usefulness, and in looking over 
the different fields of labor that of mis- 
sions appears among the most needy 
and offers the greatest opportunities for 

How can the young men and women 
be brought to realize the needs of the 
mission field unless some one tells them? 
Only this year one of our missionaries, 
who is in the homeland for rest and 
recuperation, said that it would be much 
better for him if he could spend more 
of his time in rest and study, but he 
feels it his duty to tell of the urgent 
necessity on the field ; to try to help 
others to hear the call and to respond to 

The great fields in the foreign lands, 
containing such a vast number of peo- 
ple, are developing by leaps and bounds 
and are offering to the ambitious, well- 
qualified youth opportunities as large as 
if not larger than our crowded America. 
The best are none too good to go into 
the battle. 

But we wonder if our young men and 
women know of the pressing require- 
ments and the existing conditions. Ah, 
too few really understand. Then comes 
the question, "Who is to tell them?" 
Some one must be responsible for giving 
the information. The Volunteer Mis- 
sion Bands, that are organized in so 

many schools, are composed of young 
men and women who realize that nozu 
is the time to move. These bands have 
regular meetings for developing the de- 
votional life and for studying some 
phase of mission work. It is from the 
Volunteer Bands that our ranks on the 
firing lines of the battle fields must be 

Bro. Blough wrote this winter : " Oh, 
we are so hard pressed ! Make a plea 
for workers, and make it strong." The 
fields are open, but there must be men 
to do the work. 

May the Lord richly bless all the Vol- 
unteer Bands of the Brotherhood, that 
they may fill the purpose for which they 
were organized, and that each individual 
may receive the guidance of the Holy 
Spirit in the further preparation for his 
or her life work. May each one truly 
realize that it is largely from the Vol- 
unteer Mission Bands the recruits must 

Oh, that we may see larger visions 
and awake to our opportunities, which 
are in reality added responsibilities. 
We cannot help but think of the poem, 
" The Song of the Chattahoochee," by 
Sidney Lanier, as we listen to the call 
from the frontier. The little river felt 
it had a great mission to perform, and in 
the face of the many many allurements 
along the way to hinder it in its progress 
it flowed along in response to the call 
from beyond the plain. 

"But, oh! not the hills of Habersham, 
And. oh! not the valleys of Hall 
Avail; I am fain for to water the plain. 
The dry fields burn, the mills are to turn, 
And a myriad flowers mortally yearn; 
But the lordly main from beyond the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Calls o'er the hills of Habersham— yard, catch the spirit of the little river 
Calls through the valleys of Hall." , . , r , . 

6 , r ,, , and push on to the front, and may the 

May every member of our Volunteer r 

Bands, also every one in preparation for Lord richly bless every effort is the 

more efficient work in the Master's vine- prayer of the Daleville Band. 


Mrs. Leland Moomaw 

THIS little word may be used in va- 
rious ways, for it has many mean- 
ings. Webster in defining it 
gives quite a number; as, (1) a sending, 
or being sent, a being sent or delegated 
by authority, with certain powers for 
transacting business. (2) Collection of 
persons sent, particularly to propagate 
religion. (3) A station of missionaries. 
(4) The business of an agent, a mes- 
senger or ambassador. (5) An organ- 
ization dependent upon a church for 
support. (6) Extra religious services 
for stimulating faith and zeal. 

We speak of mission boards, meaning 
collections of persons who look after 
missionary work, mission stations, 
places where missionaries are located 
and work. In some of our schools we 
have mission bands which receive mem- 
bers on the condition that they pledge 
themselves to do missionary work in 
any field to which they may be as- 
signed. Many congregations have iso- 
lated preaching points which they call 
mission points. Notice the likeness of 
meanings. Mission Boards look after 
those who are sent; mission points or 
mission stations ; places to which some 
one was sent; mission bands are com- 
posed of those who are willing to send 
and support those who are sent. 

I did not find the word " mission " in 
the Bible, but I did find "sent" and 
I send " a number of times. To have 
a mission, one must be sent by one who 

has authority. Have you been author- 
ized to go ? Some one may say " No," 
but let us stop and think. Where did 
we get the light? Why did Jesus come 
to the earth? Because He was sent by 
the Father. Yes, sent to us, and left 
with us the command to go to others, 
even to every creature. Again, He says, 
" Pray the Lord of the hearvest, that 
He will send forth laborers into His 
harvest." In Romans 15: 27 we have: 
" For if the Gentiles have been made 
partakers of their spiritual things, they 
owe it to them also to minister unto 
them in carnal things." I shall quote 
from Bro. Stover: "Every one who is 
born again and has tasted of the good 
things to come has learned to love with 
love he never knew before." " It is 
this love for the God that moves within. 
It is this love for the truth that fosters 
activity in the church. I have it, I want 
others to have it. Tell me what to do. 
Every man moved by the same spirit to 
work for the greatest good of the great- 
est numbers. A worker? Yes, couldn't 
help it. Always at something and al- 
ways at something that counts. Thus 
is every man a worker and the Lord is 
glorified." We can readily see that Bro. 
Stover has learned the meaning of mis- 

I think one of our greatest ' needs is 
a missionary knowledge. Wherever you 
find persons that do not believe in mis- 
sions, you find those who are not ac- 


The Missionary Visitor 


quainted with missions, and more than 
that, who do not try to get acquainted. 
They don't read books or papers on 
missionary work. They do not attend 
missionary meetings. Our obligation in- 
creases as our knowledge of the work in- 
creases. But it is- our duty to become 
acquainted and work accordingly. 
Usually those who know most of the 
church, who read church literature, who 
make most sacrifice to attend meetings, 
are those most loyal to the church. Just 
so, those who know most of missions, 
who know most of God's Word, are 
the ones who have caught the Spirit of 
Christ and are workers for Him, any- 
where they may be called. 

Since Christ came to the earth on a 
mission, and we profess to be His dis- 
ciples, are we not here on the same mis- 
sion? We being His followers, His 
business is our business. The kind of 
work He did, we must do. We some- 
times think all of the work is for the 
minister and the foreign missionary ; 
but they cannot fulfill our mission. 
Surely the ministers have greater op- 
portunities for telling the glad tidings, 
but we have entered the church through 
the same door and we have our own 
responsibility. Bro. Wilbur Stover tells 
us that even the Hindu, who has come 
to Christ, though he be very, very poor 
in this world's goods, is willing to give 
of his little means to help others to the 

We think and speak of missionaries 
and their work as something foreign 
to us, but is not our mission the same 
as theirs? True, they have been author- 
ized by the church to go to> their field; 
and all who have put on Christ have 
been authorized to work wherever they 
may be. Is it not this meaning of the 

word " mission " that should concern 
every one of us? One who has been 
sent is full of his mission. That is his 
thought, his word and deed. Those who 
are now on the foreign field realized 
their mission while in the homeland; 
otherwise, they would not have been ac- 
cepted. Let us learn more of them and 
their word and much more of God's 
Word, and this little word " mission 
will take on a different meaning to us. 
Some of us may fulfill our mission by 
giving of our means to the work. One 
may, by using his talents, wield a won- 
derful influence over sinners to bring 
them to Christ, and upon Christian peo- 
ple, causing them to wake up on this 
subject. Another may be called to leave 
home and friends to teach those who 
are serving go r ds made by human hands ; 
yet the mission of all is the same — 
saving the souls of others. It means to 
one giving, to one sending, to another 
going, and to all, living the Christ-life. 

Was not Christ's life the fulfilling of 
His mission? Does not the life of the 
missionary have some similarity? Is it 
possible to be a Christian and not have 
the same mission as Christ? Would 
you not like to go or send, or at least 
do more towards sending the Gospel to 
others? Jesus said, " Go." Paul says, 
" How shall they preach except they be 
sent ? " Would you not like to hear that 
" Well done, thou good and faithful 
servant, enter thou into the joy of thy 
Lord " ? Then whatsoever thy hand 
findeth to do, do it with thy might. If we 
would obey Jesus, we must do our part 
in getting the Gospel to every creature. 
If we would listen to Paul, we must do 
something toward sending the Gospel in- 
to all the world. 

Roanoke, Va. 

The fact that one works quietly, without fame, never doing anything startling or 
sensational, may indicate greatness rather than smallness. It is easier to work amid 
cheers, but the world needs those who are willing to work in obscurity. — Livingstone. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Elgin S. Moyer 

ISAIAH saw the Lord sitting upon a 
throne high and exalted. His glory 
filled the whole temple and there 
stood seraphim shouting " Holy, holy, 
holy is the Lord of hosts." Isaiah was 
at once overcome by the holiness of the 
place, the sacredness of the occasion, and 
the awe that filled his soul. He was 
made to cry out, " Woe is me ! . . . for 
I am a man of unclean lips." He was 
made to feel his unworthiness, his sin- 
fulness, his nothingness in the sight of 
God. But this was just the state to 
which God wanted to bring him. When 
Isaiah had confessed his sins, one of the 
seraphim flew to him and laid a live 
coal upon his lips. Thus Isaiah was 
cleansed of his iniquity; he became a 
pure man. Having confessed and been 
freed of sin, he was in a condition to be 
used of God. 

Then came the voice of God, " Whom 
shall I send, and who will go for Us ? " 
No doubt God knew that Isaiah would 
respond and had even planned that he 
should, but God wanted to get his full 
ind willing consent. Isaiah freely and 
decidedly answered, " Here am I, send 
ne." Now, as Isaiah had voluntarily 
md unreservedly offered himself, God 
:ould use him wherever He saw fit. God 
lad a difficult work to be done, and in 
[saiah He found the man to do it. The 
>eople of Israel had become a hardened 
people, a people with dull ears, yet it 
vas necessary to send to them a prophet 
:o warn them. Through the Divine call 
md through his own obedience and will- 
ngness, Isaiah proved himself to be the 
/ery man God was seeking. 

Let us bring the vision and the call 
closer home to ourselves. When we 
contemplate God, in all of His won- 
Irous workings, and behold Him in His 

various and untold manifestations, we 
think of and see only the might, the 
glory, the holiness of God. When we 
can thus witness the greatness and the 
holiness of God, then are we in a posi- 
tion to realize our own littleness and in- 
significance. When we once acknowl- 
edge our sins, our unworthiness and our 
nothingness, God can find access to our 
hearts. It is thus in our need that we 
call upon Him for cleansing and for 
Divine help. It is then that He may 
lay upon us the coal of chastisement, not 
for our punishment, but for our cleans- 
ing and strengthening. Now that we 
are pure and humble in the sight of 
God, we can expect to hear His call to 
greater service. God has a work for 
each of us to do, and it often becomes 
necessary for Him to come to us in 
some remarkable way before we will 
fully surrender to Him, before we will 
heed His bidding, before we will an- 
swer His call. But when He has once 
touched our hearts and has made us feel 
our right relation to Him, then comes 
the call, " Who will go ? " Yet in spite 
of all the Divine teachings, the chastise- 
ments, and the repeated calls of God, 
many are unwilling to surrender their 
lives and service fully to God. 

When God calls, He wants but one 
answer — " Here am I, send me." We 
may feel weak and unworthy, but that 
is just the way God wants us to feel. 
When we are weak in ourselves, and 
thus give ourselves over to God, is just 
the time God can take us and mold our 
lives according to His own design. Then 
He can make us valiant workers for 
Him. All that we need to do is to give 
up our selfish interests, rely upon God, 
put ourselves into His hands, and say, 
" Here am I, send me." 


The Missionary Visitor 


When we have placed ourselves in 
His hands and heard the call to go, we 
will not, like disobedient children, say, 
" No, Father, send some one else ; I am 
not qualified; I am not worthy; I do 
not want to go." If we have been pray- 
ing, as Christ bade His disciples to pray, 
that the Lord of the harvest would send 
forth more laborers into the harvest, we 
will be open to the call. We will be 
ready to help answer our prayer. When 
we hear the voice we will not seek some 
one else to go in our place, but we will 
say, " Here am I, send me." 

God would have every one answer, 
" Here am I, ready to go — volunteer, not 
as one pressed into service, but as one 
who is anxiously waiting the time to be 
sent into more active fields of service. 
I have been set apart for a special work, 
and Thou knowest the place. Thou 
knowest the little niche in life I can fill. 
I have volunteered, I have surrendered 
my life to Thee. I have been redeemed 
by Christ's blood, and now I long to 
save others. I have been pleading for 
their salvation. I have been praying 
that laborers be sent forth, and now,- 
here I am, ready to go out as one of the 
laborers. Send me. 

" Here I am, Lord, responsible for 
many lost souls, who may soon go down 
to despair and destruction. The call is 
constantly being made, ' Come over and 
help us.' Many lost ones are saying, 
' We are waiting for the Gospel of 
Christ.' ' How can we accept unless 
some one be sent to us ? ' ' Our blood 
will be required at your hands.' ' You 
are your brother's keeper.' The world 
is greatly burdened with sin; yes, the 
world is steeped in sin and vice. My 
service is greatly needed. May these 
calls come ringing in my ears. Arouse 
me more fully to the realization of my 

responsibility. Make the greatest burden 
of my heart and of my prayers be that 
of lost souls. Take me, send me forth, 
that I may win more souls to Thee. 

" Here am I, determined to face the 
difficulties, the trials and the persecu- 
tions for Thy dear sake. I know I 
shall meet with discouragements and 
scoffings of neighbors, but what are 
they? I know I shall meet with buf- 
fetings and opposition of enemies, but 
what are they? I know I shall meet 
with sufferings and dangers, but what 
are they? Thou hast redeemed me and 
called me to bring others to Thee. Thou 
hast saved me, that I might win others 
Send me forth wherever Thou wilt, 
whenever Thou wilt, and however Thou 
wilt. Lord, make me submissive and 
help me to be obedient to the heavenly 
call. Send me. 

" Here am I. I present my body a 
living sacrifice, holy and acceptable unto 
Thee, which is only my reasonable serv- 
ice. Thou hast given Thy life for the 
lost world. By Thy death I shall have 
life eternal. It is only reasonable that 1 
give my short life to Thy service. I an 
a follower of Thine. I can not but dc 
Thy bidding, heed Thy calling, and i1 
need be suffer as Thou hast suffered. 
can not but fill up that which is behinc 
of the afflictions of Christ. Thou has 
given me but a few short years to liv< 
here as Thy • steward, and there is s< 
much work to be done. I give m\ 
time, my talents, my means — my whole 
self — to Thee, to be used to Thy glory 
I am willing to relinquish all th< 
transient pleasures and vain enjoyment 
of this life to serve Thee. I put mysel 
into Thy hands. Thou knowest when 
my place is. Thou knowest where th< 
need is greatest. Send me." 

Manchester College, Ind. 


The Missionary Visitor 





By the Editor 

THESE are days when the ministry 
and the mission field call loudly 
for the trained man and the pre- 
pared woman. The call intensifies as 
the days come and go. The plea in- 
creases in volume year by year. The 
Lord of hosts is moving- so swiftly these 
times upon the hearts of the unsaved, 
both at home and abroad, that Christian- 
ity sends forth her clarion call with in- 
creasing intensity for men and women 
of preparation and power to occupy 
the strategic positions won by the Con- 
queror. The city with its slums and 
its working classes ; the country with 
its great mass of unchurched stal- 
wart hearts ; the East with its immi- 
grants ; the West with its Asiatics ; the 
North with its unoccupied broad prairies 
and the South with its Mexican and Ne- 
gro, all stand helplessly together as our 
home problems, waiting the solution by 
those who have prepared. 

The foreign field, with its student 
class in every country weary with old 
things and groping for the new, presents 
a need to the world today that Chris- 
tianity's students of the present genera- 
tion must satisfy. It is a remarkable 
condition that now exists in heathen 
lands when the cream of each nation's 
population, her student body, stands 
ready to break with the old and to em- 
brace the new. And it is a remarkable 
evidence of God's confidence in the 
membership of His church that He is 
laying the responsibility of satisfying 
this craving of the world's intellectual 
heathen heart upon His people now. 

The present church has the equipment 
to meet every claim which Jesus Christ 

lays upon her. She has the young men 
and the young women. She has been 
blessed with riches beyond the dream 
of the most optimistic, with which to 
support them. She has the Christian 
colleges in which to educate them. She 
has the imperishable Book, with an ex- 
pository literature sufficient to make it 
clearly understood. She has with pick 
and spade and investigation withstood 
every assault made upon her position 
for two thousand years, and has proof 
inexhaustible that her position as the 
everlasting church is impregnable. 
With such an equipment the Christian 
church today stands in a position to 
improve every trust which her Leader 
has reposed in her. She has it within 
her power to march forward against 
heathenism and to certain victory for 
Christ ; or she has it within her power to 
set the hands of time that mark the 
evangelization of the world back for a 
hundred if not three hundred years. 
For if the heathen student world con- 
tinues to lose faith in her old religions 
as she is doing, and if she continues, un- 
checked by us, to embrace skepticism 
and infidelity as she is now doing, her 
position of faithlessness will be far more 
hopeless in the next generation than as 
we in the present one behold it. And 
we shall lose territory already ripe for 
the harvest that will require our pos- 
terity centuries to recover. It does not 
require a strong field glass to discover 

It therefore becomes us as members 
of the Church of the Brethren and chil- 
dren of the great King to face these 
facts, and to weigh carefully the claims 


The Missionary Visitor 


that are laid upon Jesus Christ's men. 
Ours has been a heritage of simplicity, 
of purity, of stern faith, and of the 
open field. We are blessed with honest 
manhood and a pure womanhood. Our 
people stand high among the churches 
in average wealth per capita. There are 
therefore tremendous possibilities with- 
in our power to occupy a great field 
in world salvation. And the possibili- 
ties are not greater than the responsibil- 
ities. For to whom much is given of 
them much shall be required. And cer- 
tainly the Master, Who has bequeathed 
all these things to us, is expecting every 
man of us to do his duty. 

Facing these stern facts as they con- 
cern us and our welfare, we instinctive- 
ly turn to our colleges for prepared men 
to do this great work laid upon us, and 
rightfully we look to them for the so- 
lution of the problems which concern 
our growth and spiritual development. 
The churches are our recruiting stations 
for men and women for service, but the 
colleges are our training camps to make 
them efficient for every good work. And 
our colleges accept the responsibility 
with gladness and anxiety to accomplish 
the most they can for the church, whose 
children they are and to whom they de- 
sire to render filial devotion. 

East and West and North and South 
we are seeking for ministers. The Mac- 
edonian call comes from every State 
District. Young men who have attend- 
ed college and are willing to serve the 
Master are eagerly sought after and en- 
gaged as soon as they are prepared or 
are willing to enter the field. In an- 
swer to a question put to our District 
Mission Board secretaries many have re- 
plied, saying that their ministerial force 
was sufficient for their needs, " if it 
could be properly distributed." No one 
has offered a solution for the problem 
of distribution. The only solution is 
time, and more Spirit-filled men. If we 
have not sufficient who are Spirit-filled, 
to occupy the places now open, calling 

and decaying, the only solution is to 
raise up men who will be made willing. 
This task has been set for our colleges 
and they are manfully facing the issue. 

In every one of our Districts can be 
found college men. They are given po- 
sitions of trust. They are credited as 
leaders. Unconsciously they are given 
place. They are everywhere in evidence 
among us. They occupy the floor at 
District and Annual Conference in in- 
creasing numbers. Our colleges have 
made it possible. What they have done 
in the past they are now doing and they 
are planning the same for the future. 
Our claim upon them is only over- 
shadowed by the deep debt of gratitude 
that we owe them for what they have 
done, and by their claim upon us. 

We are represented in our mission 
fields by men and women who have 
passed through our colleges. They stand 
as peers with those abroad who are 
seeking to weave the complex, tangled 
threads of oriental life into a beautiful 
tribute to the saving power of Christ. 
They call for men and their calls go 
largely unheeded. They ask for college 
men and our colleges seek to supply their 
wants. But our schools can only fur- 
nish of their material such as they have 
and such as are willing to go. Our col- 
leges in turn come to us as individuals, 
they come into our homes and plead 
with us to supply them with the ma- 
terial out of which they can mould mis- 
sionaries for our foreign fields and min- 
isters for our wasting and decaying 

The colleges seek to teach us another 
lesson. They seek to teach us how we 
may best conserve the power that we 
have expended in churches that are 
slowly decaying and wasting away; they 
seek to send us men who can go into 
these neighborhoods and gather up the 
influence that we have exerted there and 
mould it again into a church militant. 
They seek to teach us the lesson of con- 
servation of our natural forces, of dis- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tinguishing bone and sinew from dross 
\ and unnecessaries. They seek to puri- 
fy our religion and enable us to get 
close to God and embrace the things that 
are worth while. They magnify our 
similarities and minimize our differences, 
and in so far as we accept their prof- 
fered power we become strong and en- 
during. Our life is knit with our 
schools. Through them we shall more 
definitely embody the ideals Christ has 
for two centuries been committing unto 

I feel, brethren, that it is not out of 
place for us to ponder a moment on the 
personnel of our college presidents and 
professors. We have in connection with 
our schools, of the cream of our educat- 
ed men; and of the cream of our con- 
secrated men; men whose lives are 
given freely for the constructive poli- 
cies of our church. These days we 
measure consecration very largely in fi- 
nancial balances. We too are willing 
to do so with our college professors and 
we can say without qualification that our 
college men are teaching and building up 
our schools by sacrifice. We are ac- 
quainted with college men who are 
laboring for us in our church schools, 
accepting the heavy responsibilities of 
college management without a murmur, 
and who at the same time have more 
than cut in twain the salary that they 
would or could receive were they to 
go and teach elsewhere. And why? 
Simply because their education has 
brought them face to face with their 
Father and has laid upon their hearts 
the responsibility of educating men for 
our ministry, for our missionary fields, 
and for our home communities. Their 
vision is a vision of a future Church 
of the Brethren arrayed in power; their 
lives are lives of the highest type of 
service. They deserve our prayers, our 
confidence, our support. 

How can we render our confidence to 
those who most enrich us ? We are some- 

times brought face to face in our for- 
ward advance with some extremely trag- 
ic conditions. Here is a father who has 
in some manner misunderstood or who 
has labored under a false conception of 
our schools who prefers his children 
would adopt one of two alternatives, and 
we hesitate to name them, either receive 
their education at a State scheol or to re- 
frain from attending college altogether. 
This father's attitude is one of disre- 
spect for the church school and indi- 
rectly one of disrespect for the church 
itself ; for our colleges are merely prod- 
ucts of our church and have been 
founded and are being conducted along 
lines to render a distinct service for us. 

We are acquainted with a father of 
a large family and possessed with just 
such a conception of things as the above. 
One child by dint of persuasion and out- 
side pressure was allowed an opportuni- 
ty of a year's college training in one of 
our church schools. He stands today 
an object of pathetic disappointment be- 
cause it was his only opportunity to 
catch a vision of larger things and then 
the curtain was drawn and the light was 
blown out. The other members of the 
family have adopted the other alterna- 
tive of leaving college of all kinds alone. 
Disrespect for church affairs has swept 
into their lives and is sweeping out of 
the church some of those who had united 
with it. That disrespect began in the 
father's life when he disrespected the 
equipment of the church which has been 
designed through much sacrifice to pro- 
mote an aggressive advance. 

How can we render our support to 
our greatest agencies for ministerial and 
missionary training in the schools? 
First, by joining hands with them, by 
gaining their confidence, by seeking to 
understand their motives ; second, by 
rendering them our support through 
gifts, — gifts in the form of books for 
their libraries, equipment for their lab- 
oratories, money for their current ex- 


The Missionary Visitor 


penses and endowments to insure their 
perpetuity; third, by filling their halls 
with our sons and daughters to the ex- 
clusion of other schools ; fourth, by 
sending to them, for their preparation 
those whom we would have to serve us 
in our spiritual high places. We can point 
with admiration to the many noble ex- 
amples of those who are rendering serv- 
ice in all these four ways to our 
schools, — we say to our schools, reflex- 
ly it is to ourselves. 

In this connection permit us to ask 
your confidence for a secret that will 
wonderfully enhance our spiritual power 
if adopted. It is a secret that will work 
far toward solving our problem of the 
ministry. The secret is this : when you, 
dear brethren, have selected a young 
man for the ministry, step right up like 
the supporters that you are and prove 
that you mean spiritual business by say- 
ing, " Here, we want you to 1 serve us in 
our church. We want you prepared. 
We have laid Heaven's most solemn re- 
sponsibility upon your shoulders and we 
mean to assist you in gaining strength 
to bear those responsibilities. You pre- 
pare to attend college. We will see to 
that part of your college debt that you 
cannot handle. Then we will expect 
you to come back and help us." What 
a boon to the ministry if this little se- 
cret were adopted ! What a wrong it is 
to ask a young man without money to 
accept Heaven's greatest responsibility, 
vote the task upon him, assure him it 
was the leading of the Spirit, and that 
he rejects the Spirit when he does not 
yield, and then after having given him 
our " God bless you," disperse to our 
homes to raise more corn to feed more 
cattle to buy more automobiles to live 
in greater luxury and forget what we 
have done to that young man. A ca- 
pable man he is or he would not have 
been selected. A godly man he is and 
capable of development into power or 
else the Spirit would not have called 

him forth. Give the young man the bur- 
den but help him to bear it; expect the 
young man to burn the midnight oil in 
delving into the mysteries and beauties 
of God, but enable him to* go> where he 
can be taught how to do it. The young 
man will come back to you, the church 
will prosper for having helped him and 
our share of the burden of world evan- 
gelization will thus more completely be 
accepted and accomplished. 

How can we render to our colleges 
our prayers ? By accepting them as part 
of ourselves. By deeming the wants 
that they supply and the needs that they 
satisfy as necessary as those things 
which are served upon our tables; by 
holding up before the Father the needs 
of our schools, the needs of our 
churches, the needs of our mission 
fields, and then by arising from our hum- 
ble position before the Father and go- 
ing out to help Him answer our prayers. 

After a glance at the ' signs of the 
times, a hasty note on the responsibility 
laid upon us, and a brief survey of our 
colleges as constituted, our claims upon 
them and their claims upon us, and the 
appeal which they audibly and inaudi- 
bly send out to us, we are forced to but 
one conclusion. Our colleges are with 
us to stay. We need them; we cannot 
exist without them ; they are training 
our missionaries; they are teaching our 
ministers of the morrow; they are en- 
riching our lives individually; from the 
pens of our college men, whether con 
nected with schools or graduates from 
them, come the articles which cause the 
glow of our evening firesides to become 
more golden; we ask them for much; 
we expect much from them ; they are an 
indispensable part of our very life; they 
are a good thing; they deserve our con- 
fidence, our prayers, our support. Give 
them an opportunity to educate our 
young men and our fair daughters and 
they will return them to us with lives 
equipped for the world's sternest de- 
(Continued on Page 157.) 


The Missionary Visitor 



The problem of recruiting - our foreign 
fields with workers would be solved very 
effectually if many of our congregations 
would carry out the same policy that one 
of our Eastern Pennsylvania churches 
has adopted. They have decided to sup- 
port a missionary on the field. They 
have also chosen one of their own num- 
ber to go. She has accepted the call, 
but likely she will decide to take another 
year's preparation before going. But 
the church will look to her as their mis- 

In this manner the claims of Christ 
^ome closer home. It takes on the same 
form in a little different manner as se- 
lecting a man for the ministry. It brings 
the church behind the person in a far 
deeper manner than in any other way. 
Their hearts are united together. It is 
like thrusting out into service one of 
ane's own flesh and blood. But the sac- 
rifice becomes richer both for the one 
going and for those who remain. Have 
we not more churches who will do this? 

A ■!$«■ ■•$•- 

If such an attitude toward mission 
work as this were adopted by our 
churches it would greatly facilitate the 
:alling forth of workers and would 
greatly aid in supplying recruits for our 
foreign stations. Conference adds her 
approval to those who go abroad, point- 
ing back to what the church at Antioch 
did for Paul and Barnabas, but this 
Eastern church has individualized that 
general example and placed herself as 
one church in the same relationship with 
her workers as did Antioch of old. 
Such a method of selecting missionaries 
is truly apostolic and would surely add 
to the richness of the missionary ex- 
perience of that life thus called into 

service. All churches of course could 
not do this, but we have many that might 
be able to do so. We shall be glad to 
hear of others. 

* ♦> * 

To increase their missionary giving 
425 per cent in ten years is not a bad 
record. This is what Pipe Creek con- 
gregation, Maryland, is reported as do- 
ing. Ten years ago for all purposes they 
gave $400. For the year ending March 
1, 1914, they report having given for all 
purposes $1,700. That amount of money 
means this church has given $6.80 per 
capita. We wonder how many records 
there are like this in our Brotherhood. 
*♦* *i* *i* 

Can the Lord depend on you? If you 
were the only Christian in the world in 
1914 and during the year you would 
win one soul and each soul won would 
win another during the coming year and 
so on for thirty years the world would 
all know Christ. Simple, isn't it? Just 
one soul a year for every Christian. 
Here are the figures as compiled by a 
recent writer : 

1914 1 

1915 2 

1916 4 

1917 8 

1918 16 

1919 32 

1920 64 

1921 128 

1922 256 

1923 512 

1924 1,024 

1925 2,048 

1926 4,096 

1927 8,192 

1928 16,384 

1929 32,768 

1930 65,536 

1931 131,072 


The Missionary Visitor 


1932 262,144 

1933 524,288 

1934 1,048,576 

1935 2,097,152 

1936 4,194,304 

1937 8,388,608 

1938 16,777,216 

1939 33,554,432 

1940 67,108,864 

1941 134,217,728 

1942 •.. 268,435,456 

1943 536,870,912 

1944 1,073,741,824 

1945 2,147,483,648 

Winning- the world to Christ must be- 
come a personal matter. It must not be 
a question of " extending the liberty," 
but a question of embracing the oppor- 
tunity. It is distinctly the question, Can 
the Lord depend on me? 

* 4* ♦ 

The fiscal year of the General Mission 
Board closed February 23, 1914. Dur- 
ing the year the Board received 
$43,370.25 for its various endowment 
funds and $32,197.19 for world-wide 
missions, besides the offerings for other 
causes. This is against $36,684.22 re- 
ceived in endowments and $29,015.39 for 
world-wide missions received last year. 
While the year has been one of increase 
in gifts it has also been one of in- 
creased expenditures. We have sent 
forth more workers than in any pre- 
vious year, hence our budget for 1914- 
1915 must necessarily be larger. 
♦♦♦ * *■ 

The close of our fiscal year shows 
that our workers in China are all under 
special support and all but three in In- 
dia have been assigned. This support 
is assumed by Districts, local churches, 
Sunday-schools by Districts, Christian 
Workers and individuals. The mission- 
aries in Denmark and Sweden have so 
far not been assigned, although we have 
heard of those who were considering the 
proposition of taking up their support. 

While these dear workers are being 

supported there is also the obligation 
resting upon the General Board to sup- 
ply equipment, dwellings, support for 
the general mission work, etc., so that 
the average cost of our entire foreign 
work averages, including supports, just 
about $1,000 each. The work abroad is 
growing. We feel sure the blessings we 
receive are also coming in increasing 
showers. We further feel that our 
membership will rise to the necessity of 
increasing their offerings for the Church 
of the Brethren abroad. Thus working 
together much may be accomplished. 
*■ * * 

A very fine gift has come to us this 
month, from a good brother and sister 
in one of our western Illinois churches. 
After some personal interviews, a little 
correspondence and study on their part, 
they have turned over to us $17,000 
cash on the annuity plan. Being past 
fifty years of age they will receive six 
per cent interest on this amount for their 
lifetime. If they are fifty-five years of 
age and live until they are seventy-five 
they will have received from us $20,400 
in annuities, and their principal will still 
be intact. Viewed from a financial angle 
this is certainly a good, wise investment 
on their part. This is the largest gift 
in a single check that has come to our 
office for several years. 
* * * 

Another brother and sister in Iowa, 
being desirous of freedom from the 
worry and bother necessary to caring 
properly for their money, have sold their 
farm, taking mortgages in return for a 
$20,000 portion of the sale and are turn- 
ing the same over to us, after having 
arranged for our annuity bonds. Thus 
they have adequately made provision for 
old age and are at once free from any 
additional concern. We wonder how 
many there are in our Brotherhood who 
have means, who would like to do as 
these brethren and sisters. We are al- 
ways glad to receive any questions re- 
garding our plan. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Another thing that we especially feel 
to call attention to about this $20,000 is 
the fact that the donors desire the same 
to be used up after their death, prin- 
cipal and all, at the discretion of the 
Mission Board. Such an amount com- 
ing "available at some future time for 
mission work will relieve the necessity 
of a Brotherhood canvass for some great 
need, and will at the same time erect 
some building that will always serve as 
a memorial to the liberality of this 
brother and sister. The time is coming 
when hospitals, schools and like build- 
ing will be a necessity and wise is the 
provision of our brethren and sisters of 
means and foresight, if they will assist 
us by gifts available at death, or by be- 
quest, to thus meet such extraordinary 


»♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦++ 

In the annual report of the China 
Mission which is now in our hands, we 
notice that during the year just past 
twenty-one have been baptized into the 
church. With the arrival of the new 
band of missionaries last summer the 
mission has become much encouraged. 
The doors of their territory swing wide 
open and the space of one or two years 
required for the language that lies be- 
tween our new workers and their peo- 
ple, seems to them to be a very long 

&. >♦ A 
V V V 

We wish yet to make hiention once 
more of the China Boys' School. We 
called for $5,000. Brother Crumpacker 
writing from China says that their 
building cost about $5,300 because of 
conditions they could not estimate prop- 
erly when first calling, and he asks us 

to try and secure the additional $300. 
The fund already contains $5,286.91. 
The goodness of the Lord is past our 

4* & & 
It is not too early to begin thinking 
of the Conference offering to be lifted 
at .Seattle. Our brethren in Washington 
are working with might and main for 
the success of this meeting and we are 
going to have a grand meeting, thanks 
to their efforts. We trust that distance 
will not militate against the Conference 
offering even though, the churches may 
not all send delegates. A two cent 
stamp will carry the offering to Seattle 
with the same cheerfulness as it would 
last year to Winona Lake. We trust 
our elders and pastors and foremen will 
remember the offering prayerfully. 
More complete announcement will be 
made next month. 

■^ ♦£ ♦+♦ 

The May number of the Missionary 
Visitor will be" devoted quite largely to 
the question of giving. We hope that 
none of our readers will miss getting 
that issue. We are glad to know that 
our brethren in Sweden and Denmark 
are planning soon to furnish material 
for a special issue of the Visitor de- 
voted to the interests of their field. 

■* *• 4» 
Ere this number of the Visitor is off 
the press Brethren H. C. Early and 
Galen B. Royer will be in the homeland. 
We welcome them home after havmg 
spent several enjoyable, strenuous 
months abroad. Their experience will 
assist the General Mission Board very 
materiallv in her deliberations. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Henry : 

It was Monday morning, Dec. 15, 
1913. Our boat was lying in dock at 
Singapore, intending to sail at noon. 
Some of our class wanted to see the 
famous botanical gardens, but because I 
had also some shopping to do I started 
out alone, leaving Bro. Early to join 
the party. After an early breakfast at 
7 : 30 a street-car run soon found me in 
the center of the city. I had thought 
to take a ricksha from there and see the 
gardens, also, but found they were too 
far away. I had learned in Shanghai 
that here the Methodists had another 
publishing house that was self -support- 
ing, and I concluded to try to locate it. 

After a rather long walk I came to 
St. Andrew's Catholic Cathedral. I 
turned to see it — crossed the large sward 
of light green, like our grass is in early 
spring at home, and entered the old, 
moss-covered, weather-stained building. 
The inside was a plain white to the roof, 
which was so dark and so high that I 
could not make out its construction. The 
effect was beautiful. On the walls were 
simple tablets in memory of esteemed 
ones, and I walked away in my search 
for the publishing house, refreshed for 
the few moments in that place of wor- 
ship of my God and Father. I learn 
that the Catholics are strong in this city 
of over 250,000 population. They have 
schools and so on. 

It was not far to the publishing house. 
Its bookstore is a model of neatness and 
is well stocked with religious books. I 
gave way to my weakness and bought 
f o u r — " Mohammedanism," "Bud- 
dhism," " The History of India," and 
" The Civilization of China." All are 
late publications and the four cost me 
$1.40. They are a part of the Home 
University Library of Modern Knowl- 
edge, published in London. 

I called on Mr. Cherry, the superin- 
tendent, a most cordial Christian gentle- 
man, who is every inch a Christian and 
a business man. He is interested in the 
spiritual welfare of the church, taking 
an active part there, and is making the 
publishing plant a financial success in 
this far-away land. I seem to have im- 
pressed him favorably, for he gave me 
confidential information about the earn- 
ings of the plant, which he said his 
employees and the missionaries about 
did not know. I appreciated this, for 
not often does one get such favors. 
The earnings of their house are not 
made public further than to their own 

Besides what we would expect in the 
way of presses, folding machines, cut- 
ters and the common machinery which 
go to make up the average printing and 
bookbinding house, they have two rul- 
ing machines, embossing printing ma- 
chine, stereotype machines, and this class 
of unusual machinery. I went through 
stock room, and all from third floor to 
ground floor. They employ about 
eighty-five persons. Wages are very 
high. As I stood on the steps leading 
down to the pressroom, and overlooked 
the presses and composing room I must 
confess it took me back rapidly to the 
many times I have stood in the back 
part of our much larger pressroom and 
looked at our presses at work. On a 
part of the third floor not yet needed 
for the printing department — they cer- 
tainly crowd their work into a small 
compass — is a commercial school for 
natives. The attendance runs from thir- 
ty to seventy-five each year. 

In further talk with Mr. Cherry he 
said that they have strong competition 
here with other printing establishments, 
including a very fine outfit owned by 
the government. In addition they de 
cline any kind of job printing that they 


The Missionary Visitor 


feel does not have a good influence, 
such as theater posters, and so on ; that 
they refuse to accept any kind of anti- 
Christian, work. In spite of this fact 
the balance sheet for the fiscal year end- 
ing March 31, 1913, shows a splendid 

The Methodist Anglo-Chinese School 
is near by, and I concluded to step In 
and see perhaps the largest school of 
this kind on foreign fields, for its at- 
tendance now is over 1,400. Of course 
it was recitation hour, and as I went 
from room to room and looked into the 
faces of these young people who are 
receiving a Christian training — and 
such a large number of them doing it — I 
could not help but rejoice. Their build- 
ings are full ; just now undergoing need- 
ed repairs. Their American and native 
teachers gave the impression of ability 
in every way needful for a Christian 

They say that we are in Singapore 
during the rainy season, and I guess 
that is right, if the quantity of water 
that fell per minute when I started to 
return to the boat is any measure. I 
stepped into a ricksha, hoping to shelter 
myself somewhat ; but it was raining so 
fast that I guided the man wrongly, and 
as I could not tell him where to go, and 
did not know the way myself, I quit 
him, hunted up a drugstore, and was 
given directions back to the center of 
the city. 

I stepped into a bank to get some 
money changed, and there, for the first 
time, saw big fans run by human power. 
In the aisle sat a man raising and lower- 
ing his foot in a rope which ran to a 
pulley above his head. With my eye I 
followed the rope and saw the big fans, 
say twenty feet long and three feet wide, 
suspended from the ceiling in such a 
manner that each would fan twenty feet 
of space where the clerks were. Each 
fellow worked three big fans. Amusing. 

Our trip through these tropical seas 
has its share of interest. It is very 
warm — the lightest clothing one can put 
on is too warm and sticky. Everything 
rusts that is at all affected by moisture. 
Our boat is a good one; second class is 
not crowded like first, though we have 
more natives than Americans with us. 
We are eating radishes and lettuce, just 
as crisp as in May in Elgin ; have fresh 
milk every day for breakfast — the 
milkmaid brand from tins ; fresh eggs 
always, no matter how long the boat is 
from port ; and when the sea is calm 
and the nights not too warm so that 
one can sleep, he has a fairly good ap- 
petite. We have the portholes open, 
the electric fan going all night, and yet 
without cover can hardly keep cool 
enough to have a good sleep. Of course 
we are within one degree of the equator 
and the sun proposes to keep things 
warm in his own torrid home. 

We hope to reach our beloved fellow- 
workers in India a few days before the 
new year begins, but just when you will 
be permitted to read this I do not know. 
Not till much later. We are well. 

Galen B. Royer. 

Singapore, Straits Settlement. 


(Continued from Page 152.) 

mands. They will send back to us min- 
isters for our pulpits and missionaries 
for our country churches, our cities and 
our foreign fields. Remember that the 
preparation of a minister and a mis- 
sionary is absolutely essential for suc- 
cess; and that this preparation can 
only be gained when we have made pro- 
vision for every possible hunger which 
their full development will demand, — 
in library, in laboratory, in classroom, in 
spiritual safeguard. And the future 
generations of our loins will arise and 
call us blessed for having done so. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Financial Report 



In the March Visitor, under China Boys' 
School, the total for the year so far should 
be $5,133.32 instead of $4,753.32, $5,018.26 hav- 
ing been previously received instead of 

■t d- fi ^ & 9 fi 

In the February Visitor, under Sunday- 
school Extension, the $13.30 credited to Lan- 
ark Junior Sunday-school Class should be 
credited to Shannon Sunday-school, instead of 
to Lanark. 


During- the month of February the- General 
Mission Board sent out 64,873 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of February: 

Virginia — $126.35. 

First District, Congregations. 

Cloverdale, $20; Willis, $2.70 $ 22 70 


T. S. Moherman 1 80 

Second District, Congregation. 

Fairfax, 8 04 


Nannie J. Miller, 10 cents; J. F. 
Ross, $4; M. H. Shaver, $1; John W. 
Wright, $1; Ollie F. Idleman, $5, ... 11 10 

Northern District, Congregations. 
Timberville, $53.25; Flat Rock, 

$16.11, 69 3b 


M. Alice Showalter and Sister, $5; 

Mary Smith, $1, 6 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Antioch ' 6 35 


Mattie V. Caricofe, 50 cents; Bettie 

E. Caricofe, 50 cents, 1 00 

Illinois — $56.40. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

West Branch , 27 75 


D. J. Blocher, $12; Mrs. Howard 
Filer, $5; J. Hugh Heckman (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; P. R. Keltner 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 18 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Woodland, Mt. Pleasant House, . . 109 


Woodland, 5 56 


F. R. Porter , 4 00 

Pennsylvania— -$51 .00. 
Western District, Individuals. 

Amanda Roddy, $3; Cora Christner, 
$1; D. L. Miller, $6; W. M. Howe 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 10 50 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Andrew Grimes, $10; Sister J. C. 
Miller, Tyrone Congregation, $1; D. 
P. Hoover (marriage notice), 50 

cents 11 50 

Southern District, Individuals. n 

W. D. Stroup, $8; Mrs. M. O. Myers, 
$7; D. H. Baker (marriage notices), 

$1; , 16 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

S. A. Honberger, $2; Ella Wilhelm, 

$1 3 00 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Eld. J. P. Hetric and wife, 10 00 

Indiana — $40.50. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Grove 30 00 


John Huntington, $1.50; A. M. Eby, 

$1 2 50 

Middle District, Individuals. 

T. D. Butterbaugh (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; John F. Frantz (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Brick, Nettle Creek Congregation, 
Oklahoma — $34.41. 


Individuals. ' 

Oklahoma Tithers, 

J. H. Morris, $5; Bertha Ryan 

Smith, $5, 

Kansas — $33.11. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and wife, $5; J. F. Hantz, 

(marriage notices), $1, 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

James and Nancy Harris, $5; An- 
drew Neher, $1 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Larned, $14; Slate Creek, $4.11, ... 

S. M. Brown, $2.50; L. H. Root 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 

Ohio — $34.76. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Hickory Grove 


Mrs. Mamie Troxel, $1; Edith Bak- 
er, $1 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 



Moses Hower, $1; Geo. H. Irvin, 


Southern District, Individuals. 

Mary Ockerman (deceased) 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 


Iowa — $17.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Sara Brail ier, $10; I. W. Brubaker 

(marriage notices), $2 

Middle District, Individuals. 

W. E. West. $5; W. I. Buckingham 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Missouri — $11. OO. 

Northern District, Individual. 

John Dotterer, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Cabool ' 


Sophia Darron, 

California — $6.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

D. S. Butterbaugh, $1; D. R. Hol- 
singer (marriage notice) 50 cents, . 
Southern District, Individual. 

Collin Puterbaugh 

Maryland— $6.0O. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Katie S. Grossnickle, 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. F. S. Fike, $2; W. H. Swam, 

$1.50, F. N. Weimer, $1.50, 

Colorado — $5.0O. 

W. T. Brumbaugh, 

Oregon — $4.10. 
Christian Workers. 



J. M. Overholtzer, $1.70; Mrs. Alice 

Christlieb, $1 

Washington — $3.63. 

J. B. Simmons, $2.63; Alice Dull, $1, 
North Carolina— $3.00. 

H. M. Griffith, 

South Carolina— $3.00. 











6 00 

2 00 

5 74 

12 1( 

6 0< 

3 0< 

12 01 

5 5i 

5 0' 

5 0i 

1 Oi 

1 51 

5 Oi 

1 0i 

5 01 

5 Oi 

1 4( 

2 71 

3 6: 

3 01 


The Missionary Visitor 



Brooklyn, 6 uu 

Nebraska — $2.90. 

Individual. , 

D. Vasey, $1.90; C. P. Hargleroad 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; J. J. 
Tawser (marriage notice), 50 cents, 2 90 

Idaho — $1.25. 

Mrs. E. C. Zimmerman, 1 zi> 

Canada — $1.20. 

Alonzo E. Cable 1 20 

Nevada — $1.00. 

Mrs. H. J. McDaniel 100 

Arizona — $0.50. 

C. W. Guthrie (marriage notice), 
50 cents, 50 

Total for the month $ 443 11 

Previously received 31,744 08 

Total for the year $32,187 19 

Idaho — $120.00. 

Twin Palls $ 20 00 


Susan Fogle 1 00 00 

(Tirginia — $30.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

I A Sister 30 00 

Kansas — $27.84. 

STortheastern District, Congregation. 

Kansas City 24 75 

Southeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Independence, . 3 09 

Jhio — $23.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

I Kate Riley 20 00 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

D ension Check 3 00 

Indiana — $17.70. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

New Salem, 4 60 

vliddle District, Christian Workers. 

Ogan's Creek, 3 10 


; "K. K.," 10 00 

Connecticut — $10.00. 
, ndividual. 

! A Sister 10 00 

ilissouri — $9.15. 

Northern District, Mary Quinter Memorial. 

North Bethel Congregation, 9 15 

llinois — $5.92. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

■ Cherry Grove 5 92 

'ennsylvania— $5.34. 

Vestern District, Christian Workers. 

Montgomery, 2 17 

J. L. Ankeny, Plum Cr^ek Congre- 

ation, 1 75 

tiddle District, Chri=tian Workers. 

Fairview 1 42 

>klahoma— $5.00. 
-hristian Workers. 

I Antelope Valley 5 00 

Maryland— $4.30. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

J Woodberry, 4 30 

ianada — $3.00. 

■ | Elsie C. Mover 3 00 

iolorado — §2.30, 

Colorado City 2 30 

outh Dakota— $1.00. 
A Sister, 100 

Total for the month $ 264 55 

, Previously received, 1,195 27 

For the year, $ 1,459 82 


Illinois — $67.04. 
Northern District. 

Primary Department, Elgin Sun- 
day-school $ 3 93 


A Sister, Yellow Creek Congrega- 
tion, $40; A Sister, $10, 50 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Creek, 13 11 

Ohio — $40.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

North Poplar Ridge 20 00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

East Nimishillen, 20 00 

Washington — $28.50. 


Sunnyside, 28 50 

Maryland — $27.22. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Maugansville, $20; Brownsville, 

$7.22, . i 27 22 

Pennsylvania^ — $26.00. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Maiden Creek, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Eld. J. P. Hetric and wife 16 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Annie M. H. Dick, 5 00 

Idaho— $20.00. 

Twin Falls, 20 00 

Iowa — $16.00, 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Waterloo, 16 00 

North Dakota— $10.00. 

Williston • 10 00 

Michigan — $8. 00. 

Sunfield 8 00 

Oregon — $3.60. 

Mrs. Mary E. Spangle 3 60 

Missouri — $3.00. 
Middle District. 

Alice L. Mohler's Class, Prairie 

View Sunday-school, 3 00 

Kansas — $1.51. 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Slate Creek, 151 

Total for the month $ 250 87 

Previously received 2,772 87 

Total for the year $ 3,023 74 


Pennsylvania — $2.0O. 

Western District, Individual. 

Amanda ' Roddy, $ 1 00 

Eastern District. Individual. 

Anna E. Shank 100 

Total for the month $ 2 00 

Previously received 162 43 

Total for the year $ 164 43 

Iowa — $75.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

J. K. Miller, $50; Mr. and Mrs. L. 

A. Walker, $25 '. . . $ 75 00 

Pennsylvania — $3.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone Congre- 
gation 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 78 00 

Previously received, 400 87 

For the year $ 478 87 

Iowa — $4.00. 

Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, — Panther Creek 
Sunday-school $ 4 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

For the year 


Idaho — $30.00. 

Mrs. Viola Betts, $25; Lizzie 

Greene, $5, 3 

North Dakota — $25.00. 

Receipt No. 22394 

Pennsylvania; — $20.00. 
Southeastern District, Individual. 

Eld. J. P. Hetric and wife, 

Connecticut — $10.00. 

A Sister, 

Illinois — $10.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

A Sister, — Yellow Creek Congrega- 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

K. Mae Rowland 

Kansas — -$4.55, 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Slate Creek, 

Virginia, — $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Fannie Sandy, 

South Dakota— $1.00. 

A Sister 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister, Stonelick Congregation, . 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

4 00 
461 10 

.$ 465 10 





















107 55 
818 66 

For the year $ 926 21 


Illinois— $48.11. 

Northern District. 

Hickory Grove Christian Workers, 
Hickory Grove Congregation 

Loyal Class, Middlebury Sunday- 


Mrs. Howard Filer, 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Creek 

Indiana — $20.00. 
Middle District. 

Young Married People's Class, 

Spring Creek Sunday-school 

Ohio — $22.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Owl Creek, ■,...., 













Total for the month $ 90 11 

Previously received, 1,027 55 

Total for the year $ 1,117 66 


California— $100.00. 

Southern District. 

Receipt No. 22302 $ 100 00 

Pennsylvania — $22.91. 
Western District, Individual. 

Amanda Roddy, 100 

Middle District. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone Congre- 
gation, 3 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Richland, 8 53 

Southern District. 

Mary Brown's Class, Mercersburg 

Sunday-school 10 38 

Ohio — $17.25. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Hickory Grove 1175 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Rush Creek, 5 00 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

Waste Basket, 50 

Washington — $9.50. 

Primary and Juvenile Classes, — Ma- 
jestic "Valley Sunday-school 9 50 

Illinois — $3.93. 
Northern District. 

Primary Department, Elgin Sun- 
day-school, 3 93 

Total for the month, $ 153 59 

Previously received 5,133 32 

Total for this year, $ 5,286 91 


Michigan — $6.35. 

Sunfield Sunday-school, Sunfleld 
Congregation $ 5 28 

Sunfleld Christian Workers 107 

Indiana — $9.00. 

Middle District. 

West Manchester Christian Workers, 

9 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

15 35 

77 22 

Total for the year, 

Indiana — $50.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Spring Creek, 

.$ 92 57 

50 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

50 00 
6 00 

Total for the year, $ 56 00 


Louisiana — $5.00. 

Edna L. Spalding $ 5 00 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sara Bigler, 1 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

6 00 
38 90 

Total for the year $ 44 90 


Illinois — $21.00. 

Owen Harley, $5; Maurice Cluts, 
$5; Amos Wolfe and wife, $1; Mrs. 

Frank Gilbert, $10', $ 21 00 

Missouri — $2.00. 
Southern District. 

C. O. Bogart 2 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

23 00 
662 57 

Total for the year, $ 685 57 


Indiana — $40.58. 

Brick-Nettle Creek Cangregation, 
$7; New Salem, $15; Cherry Grove, 

$14.76; Lamotte Prairie, $3.82, $ 40 58 

Ohio — $10.00. 

Akron 10 00 

North Dakota — $6.02. 


Surrey, 5 00 

Primary Class, Kenmare Sunday- 
school , 1 02 

Total for the month $ 56 60 

Previously received, 1,034 37 

Total for the year $ 1,090 97 

Of all earthly music, that which reaches farthest into heaven is the beating of a 
loving heart. — Beecher. 

Our Force of Foreign Workers 

(Mail addressed to them at the addresses given will reach them safely.) 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blourh, J. M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St, Chicago, I1L 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R.. India 

Heisey, Herman B 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Heisey, Grace, 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S., . ., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florenc ; B. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough), Mt. Vernon, Missouri 

Royer, B. Mary Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Ross, Mrs A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 


Blough, Anna M., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao, Hsien, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien. Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Van man, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo. Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 


Wine, A. F Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

For India, we solicit donations for the following funds: General, Train- 
ing Department, Boarding-school, Orphanage, Native Workers, Native 
Schools, Widows' Home, Industrial, Loan Fund, and Hospital Fund. 

For China, we solicit donations for the following funds: General Work, 
Native Workers, Orphanage and Hospital. 

Supports of orphans, in India, $20 per year; in China, $22 per year. 

Native workers, in either field, $60 per year. 

Boarding-school scholars, in India, $25 per year. 

We shall be glad to correspond with any one with re- 
spect to the support of our workers In each of the fields 


How Much? SIX PER CENT! 



"I WILL INVESTIGATE." So says our clear-headed financier who is 
seeking for a place to invest his money, so that it may bring forth the greatest 
returns for the investment made, at the same time combining promptness 
of dividends, safety of principal and assurance of permanent investment. 

The WISE BUSINESS MAN cares for all these things, for he knows 
that the time will come when it will not be so easy for him to make money, 
and he desires OLD AGE TO BE FULL OF JOYS for himself. 

The WISE CHRISTIAN MAN looks for even more than this in his 
investments. He seeks for a place that will be safe for his funds and at the 
same time a place wherein his money will be doing good for his Lord. 


The following letter, in part, written some time ago to one of our sisters 
who had some funds to invest, will explain some of the advantages of our 
annuity plan (and the sister invested the funds): 

"Now, Sister , the advantages which are foremost in 

the annuity plan are these: 

"1. Money placed with us bears no taxes. Since you are 45 
years of age we will pay you five per cent on any amount that you 
turn in to us. This five per cent will be clear to you. (If the sis- 
ter had been past 50 years of age we would have allowed her six 
per cent. The General Mission Board so decided at their meet- 
ing of April 9, 1913.) 

"2. The money is placed exactly where you wish it to go, and 
long after you are gone it will still go on bearing interest and do- 
ing good for the Master. You will thus become your own ex- 

"3. There is no worry about the investment. The interest 
comes to you regularly on the first days of January and July of 
each year. We have never been late in sending out our annuities 
from the office and to our knowledge do not have a dissatisfied 
annuitant. The Board's permanent resources of over $800,000 are 
behind the investment of your money. 

"4. You can figure definitely on the amount of interest money 
you will receive and can depend on the date when it will arrive. 

"After reading the above and carefully considering the mat- 
ter, if you at any time wish to place money with us please write 
and tell us the amount you wish to give (also the exact age should 
be given), and when you can send the amount and we will issue 
you our annuity bonds. We will send them to you and if, after 
careful investigation, you do not like them, return to us and no 
harm is done. If you like them, sign them both, return to us the 
one so marked, along with your check and all will be correctly 

The way to invest your money safely is easy. Just write to us. We 
will do the same for YOU as we have for this sister, if you desire 


Address, GENERAL MISSION BOARD, Elgin, Illinois 

(Efyriat at tfj? tfoaaurg 


" Over against the treasury " He sits, 
To see what gift thou bringst to him. He knows 
The riches of thy store, and truly weighs 
The portion thou dost spare, to tell thy love. 
Thy Lord with patience sits, and waits for thee 
To drop the gold which on thy lagging soul 
So heavy hangs. He waits to tell thee how 
Thou shalt bestow thy better wealth of prayer r-o 
And willing love. He asks not if thy gift 
Is gold or strength. He will accept the " mites ,l " 
Dropped from thy widowed hands, or tenderly 
Receive the tears which thou hast shed for those 
Who mourn. Thou canst not here too lavish be 
Of love or wealth. If thou shouldst give thine all, 
It could not pay the debt thou owest to him ! 
Ah, well it is for thee he does not look 
Upon the value of thy gift, nor count 
Thy life's fair acts; the spirit which shall prompt 
Thy offering he searches well, and thou 
Mayest look into his face to meet his smile 
If on the altar of his bleeding heart 
Thy will hath laid a consecrated life. 

— Grace Webster Hinsdale. 


■-» cr> 
s: cd 


O 33 

(— ' I— > 
2 IS} 

i — > 

MAY, 1914 

The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for May, 1914 

EDITORIALS, .'...• , 188 


Worth Mentioning, By R. D. M., 162 

Giving as an Act of Worship, By M. J. Brougher, 164 

" What Will It Profit Thee, Brother? " By D. Webster Kurtz, D. D., .... .165 

The Grace of Giving, By A. W. Ross, 167 

A Widow's View of Giving, 170 

Motives in Giving, 171 

Speaking from Experience: A Symposium, By J. S. Rodeffer, J. K. Miller, 
Jason Hollopeter, Isaiah Brenaman, Elsie Laycook, W. E. West, Al- 
fred Englar, Leander Smith, "Uncle John," "A Widow," 172 

Aunt Parson's Story; or, How to Raise a Church Debt, By Dora Dennis, 176 

How Shall the Dying Millions Be Saved? By Ellis M. Studebaker, 180 

A Nickel for the Lord, .181 

After the India District Conference, 1914, By Wilbur Stover, 182 

India Notes, By Alice K. Ebey, 183 

Notes from China for February, 1914, By Anna N. Crumpacker, 186 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday In April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. *,„-™™..»,™. ^■ nv - nn .^ .u-rocf-mw 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOABD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable In advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscrip- 
tions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the "Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cent3 additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinue! at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVI Mav, 1914 Number 5 

The Board's Conference Call 

THE General Mission Board, at its regular meeting in Elgin on April 
15 and 16, heard reports from our Brethren Early and Royer with 
regard to the great work which our church has inaugurated and is 
carrying on in the foreign field. It brought joy to the hearts of each mem- 
ber present to know the work that is being done, and of the keen minds 
and honest hearts that have been already rescued from heathendom. And 
this joy, which was in our hearts over the report, also belongs in equal 
measure to each member of our church, who has assisted in making pos- 
sible the work planted on foreign soil. We deeply appreciate the loyal 
support which the church has rendered us in making all these victories 
.possible, in the name of our Lord Jesus. 

At the same time we are brought face to face as never before with the 
fact that the open hearts and the hungry minds of our less fortunate heath- 
en brethren will require great advance steps in order not only to care for 
those already won, but for the thousands now who are reachable and 
willing, even anxious, to embrace a higher life. They call for our as- 
sistance. They weigh upon our hearts. They must be reached and saved, 
for 'tis the Lord's command. 

Our appeal at last Conference time was most liberally and enthusias- 
tically responded to by the majority of our churches. Several hundred 
churches assisted last September in the interests of the special call for 
China's School. This gives us encouragement, and we appeal to you at 
this Conference time with confidence in your continued cooperation. 

We realize that Conference is a long distance from the majority of 
our brethren. It gives us concern that many of our churches are failing to 
elect delegates. All this being true, we appeal to you, dear brethren, in 
every church, whether you intend to be represented by delegate or not, to 
begin to lay plans for the largest offering in our Conference history. The 
amount can be easily sent by mail. If you send no delegate, then certainly 
you will be able to make your offering larger through contributing at least 
a good portion of his transportation expense to this great fund which will 
be raised. 

We trust that you will at once set the day for your offering. An- 
nounce it several weeks ahead, mention it each Sunday, and then, on the 
special day planned, give unto the Lord out of a joyful heart, commemo- 
rating the victories of the past and contemplating the conquests of the 
future. Let the time be Sunday, May 31, if possible. 

Appreciating in advance your cooperation at this time, we are, 

In His Service 

General Mission Board. 

— T 


The Missionary Visitor 



R. D. M. 

IT was reported at the World's Sun- 
day-school Convention held in Zu- 
rich, Switzerland, last summer that 
there are at least 80,000,000 Moham- 
medan children in the world. Out of 
this vast number, 40,000,000 live in ter- 
ritory not yet touched by the mission- 
ary. And if the process of evangeliza- 
tion continues at the present rate many 
of these will grow to manhood and 
womanhood without ever hearing the 
glad news of salvation through Christ. 

+ * * 

It is a little difficult for a minister to 
preach a sermon on giving the tenth, 
if he himself does not practice the 
same. He may be able to clothe the 
sermon with well-chosen words and 
sentences, but he cannot put life into it 
without first living it. Words alone 
make no sermon forceful. It is life 
wrought out upon the anvil of practice 
and experience that sends a sermon 
home with force and conviction. It is 
what a man practices that preaches 
louder than words and sentences. 

* *■ *• 

Closing the saloon door opens the 
door for missionary work at home. 
When, in 1912, saloons were closed at 
the rate of fifty-one per day in the 
United States, doors of opportunity 
for home mission work sprung ajar. 
Who could wish for a larger opening? 
It is not enough to vote a town dry. 
That is the beginning of helping those 
that so much need our help. Our task 
is to get those that frequented the sa- 
loon to frequent the churches. The 
task is real missionary work. 

It places a District Missionary Sec- 
retary into a trying position for the 
District Meeting to appoint him with- 
out making ample provision for his fi- 
nancial support. His expenses should 
be so arranged for that he would not be 
compelled to ask the church he visits 
to pay them at the time he is in that 
church. When the churches feel that 
every time the District Missionary 
Secretary comes into their midst a spe- 
cial offering must be called for they 
will wish his visits few and far be- 
tween. This interferes with his work. 
His expenses should be paid by the 
Home Mission Board, or through a 
special fund provided for that purpose 
by the District Meeting. 

* *■ * 

Last year the Protestant Christians 
of America were so impressed with 
the needs of the heathen that they gave 
eight cents per capita toward their 
evangelization. In other words, we so 
loved the heathen that out of our multi- 
plied prosperity for the year we each 
gave eight cents. Remembering this, 
while reading John 3 : 16,. we are re- 
minded of the fact that we have done 
very little in comparison with what 
God did for us in the giving of His 
only Son. We notice further that ac- 
cording to statistics there is only one 
missionary upon the foreign field out 
of every five hundred church members 
at home. We have not been as liberal 
with our sons and daughters as we 
might have been. Mothers do not care 
to send their daughters. Fathers would 
rather start their sons in business than 
have them go to the heathen. All this 
may be human, but when human na- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ture runs counter to spiritual matters 
the human must yield. 

♦ 4* ♦ 

In the last twenty-five years more 
doors have been opening to missions 
than there were missionaries who en- 
listed to enter. There are many more 
Macedonian calls than there are Pauls 
to respond. When Carey went to India 
the door was closed. He was despised 
and threatened with deportation. What 
a change has taken place! All India is 
calling today. Our own mission in 
India is in need of a score of workers — 
but no one to go. There was a time 
when ehurches prayed for admission to 
heathen territory. Japan says, " Come, 
for all things are now ready." China, 
like Macedonia of old, says, " Come." 
And the center of the Moslem world — 
Mecca — this stronghold which has re- 
fused to tolerate the presence of a 
Christian within her city limits for 
more than twelve centuries, is being 

A A A 
V V T 

No nation can long continue to grow 
and enjoy prosperity without the Bi- 
ble as a standard around which at least 
the major part of the population of 
that nation will rally. Every nation 
must have a balance wheel to keep its 
affairs from swinging out of line. Na- 
tions without the Bible have no tend- 
ency toward reform and correction. 
Rome and Persia and other nations are 
concrete examples of nations that fell 
because the Bible was not held 'sacred. 
Mexico is being weighed in the bal- 
ances at the present time. Ever since 
the Spanish invasion of that country, 
about four hundred years ago, the 

Catholic Church has been absolute in 
its rulings. Churches and priests were 
located in every city and town. Prot- 
estant missionaries, with their Bibles, 
have been excluded until the spark of 
life that yet remains rises in remon- 
strance against the empty religion ev- 
erywhere established. Mexico needs 
the Gospel. She needs help. 

*■ 4* * 

In visiting among some of the 
churches of northern Illinois a great 
deal of interest along missionary lines 
has been found. Individuals were met 
that have the courage to lay upon the 
altar of sacrifice one-tenth of their an- 
nual income for missions. Their own 
testimony is that their bank accounts 
have .not suffered in the least. The 
amount that has been thus given to 
the Lord has been amply replaced by 
doing without those things which were 
once considered needs, but now are 
looked upon as luxuries. As a rule, 
when one begins to save for the Lord, 
many unnecessary things are put away. 
Luxury gives place to simplicity. 
Needs, not wants, determine the mode 
of living. Some were met that showed 
their concern in the permanency of 
missions by giving endowments. Oth- 
ers, not having the ready money, of- 
fered pledges to contribute certain 
sums as soon as the money is available. 
These are laying hold of blessings not 
commensurate with but larger than 
their gifts. Then, too, some of the 
Sunday-schools expect to take up the 
matter of supporting native workers 
and boarding-school pupils. What 
shall we be able to find in other Dis- 

" The evangelization of the world in this generation depends first of all 
upon a revival of prayer. Deeper than the need for men; deeper than the need 
for money; aye, deep down at the bottom of our spiritless life is the need for the 
forgotten secret of prevailing world-wide prayer." 


The Missionary Visitor 



M. J. Brougher 

WORSHIP and service must ever 
be united. Sacrifice is the 
measure of love. For us to 
worship God and then refuse to sacri- 
fice for Him is to deny our love and 
render our worship unacceptable. Paul 
says, " Wherefore,* shew ye to them 
and before the churches, the proof of 
your love " (2 Cor. 8 : 24) . We should 
do, in our worship of the living God, 
as the heathen who, before they bow 
down to their idol god, bring a gift, 
money, or if they have no money, a 
flower, in token of their love to him. 

In making sacrifice for the Lord, we 
not only prove our love to Him, but 
we give Him opportunity to prove 
Himself to' us. " Bring ye all the tithes 
into the storehouse . . . and prove 
Me now herewith ... if I will not 
open you the windows of heaven, and 
pour you out a blessing, that there 
shall not be room enough to receive 
it " ( 3 : 10). A good brother, whom 
I know, when asked for money for the 
Lord's work, said, " I will give the 
tenth of all the Lord gives me." The 
first month the Lord prospered his 
business SO' that he could give $20. 
When the fourth month came around 
he could give $45. A good woman, 
who is giving the tenth of all the Lord 
gives her, says, " It is the basket in 
which the Lord brings me nine parts. 
For me to keep a part or all of the 
tenth would mean that I steal the 
Lord's basket." If we risk a little 
more time and money to the Lord, our 
worship will be more acceptable and 
our blessings greater. 

Giving for the purpose of being 
blessed, or to be seen of men, never 
accompanies true worship. It makes 
of one a Pharisee. It closes the store- 

house of richest blessing. To* use the 
garb of religion to promote any secular, 
social, financial, or political enterprise 
is the grossest type of hypocrisy. A 
good father who gave much to the 
Lord was told by his son to cease giv- 
ing, or he would fail, but when the 
son saw that the father's prosperity 
only increased, he said, " I'll give to 
the Lord that I may get gain." He 
became bankrupt. 

We are commanded to give to the 
poor. Thus to give is the greatest act 
of worship. " He that hath pity upon 
the poor lendeth to the Lord " (Prov. 
19: 17). To those the .Lord one day 
will say, " Inasmuch as ye have done 
it unto one of the least of these My 
brethren, ye have done it unto- Me " 
(Matt. 25 : 40). But, says one, " Some 
people who are not needy beg an alms 
and thus discourage the giver." That 
does not make the giver's act any the 
less an act of worship. Is it not true 
that in our effort to do' good we should 
feed the bees even if an occasional wasp 
undeservingly gets fed? O brethren 
and sisters, the poor heathen at our 
door and in foreign fields need to be 
fed upon the Bread of Heaven. Let 
us give more of our money, and may 
many more of our dear brethren and 
sisters give themselves, so that more 
poor sinners may be fed. 

Our giving must be regular and sys- 
tematic. Give regularly as we eat. 
" Upon the first day of the week let 
every one of you lay by him in store, 
as God hath prospered him " (1 Cor. 
16: 2). "Let every one," not the fa- 
ther for the rest of the family, for thus 
doing they miss the blessing that comes 
to all who give as an act of worship. 
Not as we want to give, but as " God 


The Missionary Visitor 


hath prospered us." Give not as peo- 
ple say, till it hurts, but give till it 
feels good. If it spites you for the 
$50 you gave, give $100 and God will 
take the spite away. " Submit your- 
selves therefore to God. Resist the 
devil, and he will flee from you " (Jas. 
4:7). Remember, the blessing is not 
in the money you give, but in cheerful- 
ly giving it. It is not only our gold 
that the Lord wants. He could scoop 
I tons of it out of the earth ; but He 

wants us to be. good stewards, thus 
developing the character of Jesus with- 
in us and bringing to us the great 
blessings there are in worshiping Him 
through giving. Some day He will 
call us to give an account of our stew- 

Say not, " I am too poor to give," 

Say not, " It is no use to try," 
For only he begins to live 

Who for Jehovah dares to die. 

126 Washington St., Greensburg, Pa. 


D. Webster Kurtz, D. D. 

ECONOMICS play a great part in 
this age. True economy seeks 
the kind of gains that have the 
greatest elements of permanence, the 
smallest losses, and the gains that re- 
sult in the largest possible fruits for 
the expenditures of labor or money. 
What does it profit a man to spend his 
life to seek a bubble which bursts as 
soon as he has attained it? 

We should all invest our time in 
something. Some people do not in- 
vest it at all, but merely fritter their 
time away accomplishing nothing. But 
most of. my readers are people that 
have a great amount of energy, and 
they do invest their time and strength 
— in gaining this world. ' Is it wrong 
to make money? to gain some of this 
world's goods? That depends. 

We must be very clear in our minds 
why we invest our lives in the getting 
of wealth. Is it as a means to enlarge 
the kingdom of God, or is it for self? 
What is the difference between a 
means and an end? From the true 
point of view there is only one thing 
on all the earth that is worth anything 

in itself, and that is man. All else is 
tools. Unless a man uses his tools for 
some good, for the welfare of the race, 
they are. worthless. I once heard of a 
man who spent all his money for mon- 
key wrenches, and when he died, over 
three thousand of them were found in 
his house. He never used them, and 
never intended to use them. Still he 
was accumulating more monkey 
wrenches. So foolish is the man who 
accumulates money that he may ac- 
cumulate more and more money. Un- 
less he uses his money for the welfare 
of man, he is as foolish or insane as 
the man who' gathered the wrenches. 
Money is only a tool, a means to an 
end, and the end is man. Whenever 
the means becomes the end, then it be- 
comes idolatry. 

A true idea of God is at -the basis of 
all true worship and service. If we 
can get the conception of God as es- 
sentially Love — a love that spends it- 
self for the sake of others — then think 
of man made to be a son of God, to be 
like God in this loving, self-spending 
character, then giving becomes the nat- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ural expression of the soul. God is 
Love ; religion is love. " You can give 
without loving, but you cannot love 
without giving." This is the profound- 
est truth of the Christian religion. 
Where a man's heart (his love) is, 
there will he invest his life. Faith, 
hope, love, are the things that abide. 
What will it profit a man if he spend 
his life gathering bubbles, tools, tem- 
poralities, and fail to develop the abid- 
ing character of love? But you can- 
not love without giving. By your fruits 
are you known. If I say that I love 
God and my neighbor, but do not give, 
do not invest my life in the cause of 
humanity, I lie, and the truth is not 
in me. 

The greatest two sins in the church 
are the ones referred to in the language 
of Jesus, when He said that we should 
not hide our light under a bushel or a 
bed. " The bushel is the symbol of 
gain from Damascus to Chicago, and 
the bed is the symbol of ease the world 
over." The prepossession of the mind 
in its love of gain for its own sake, 
and indifference, are the curse of the 
church. All other sins are insignifi- 
cant in comparison to these two. 

What does it profit a man to gain the 
whole world and lose his own soul? 
He does not only lose his soul, but he 
fails to live while he exists. Real life 
is the life of God in the heart of man — 
the life of love which is impossible 
without giving. Jesus called the man 
a fool who' set his heart upon this world 
only. Surely, a person is foolish who 
wastes his life and soul. 

I hesitate to ask people to give, for 
fear they will do it in a legalistic way, 
and thereby lose the blessing. The 
only essential is LOVE, and where 
love is there will be sacrifice, for sacri- 

fice is the measure of love. God so 
loved that He gave ; Jesus so loved 
that He died ; we so love that we do — 

How foolish it would have been for 
Robinson Crusoe to set his affections 
on gold, and waste his strength in ac- 
cumulating gold and precious stones! 
Nothing was valuable to him but those 
things that contributed to life. For 
the Christian nothing has value or 
profit that does not contribute ulti- 
mately to ETERNAL LIFE, the life 
of LOVE and SACRIFICE. The end 
of man is sonship ; the work of man is 
.the enlargement of the kingdom of 

Religion without sacrifice is sham. 
The gift has a double function: the 
good the gift can do to enlarge the 
kingdom, and the blessing that comes to 
the one who makes the gift as an ex- 
pression of love. Talents and money 
have a temporal value till they are giv- 
en in love; then they receive eternal 
values. All things are temporal till 
they are translated into the eternal 
through loving dedication to the Lord. 
What profit, then, are all our talents, 
our money? They are no more than a 
bubble until they are dedicated to the 
cause of the kingdom of God. We 
should get all the money we can get 
honestly, and use all of it for God. The 
blessing is greater -to him who gives 
in the right spirit than to him who re- 
ceives, because in the act of giving we 
are at one with God in His life of mercy 
to the world. True giving is religion 
in the act. Giving is service. Do not 
say you have attended church services 
unless there was giving going on. All 
is lost unless it is given — this is the 
paradox of Christianity. 

"A revival of prayer at home will sweep away the remaining barriers among 
the heathen, and in the hearts of your missionaries, and then days of great in- 
gatherings shall come. Pray that your missionaries may be holy." — Zwemer. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A. W. Ross 

AS a church we have posed before 
the world as a New Testament 
church. We have been very 
diligent in our endeavors to establish 
the authenticity of our beliefs and prac- 
tices. Certain portions of the New 
Testament have been much empha- 
sized. We have ever been ready to 
give a gospel answer to the repentant, 
crying out, " What must we do to be 
saved? " 

But when it comes to the question 
of gospel giving as a means of spiritual 
growth and as a necessity in order to 
receive the real, " true riches," I won- 
der if we have come up to the gospel 
standard in our preaching and prac- 

Many will be surprised to note that 
nowhere in the New Testament can 
they find a whole chapter concerning 
the ordinance of baptism, while to 
the subject of Christian giving Paul 
gives two whole chapters ; namely, the 
eighth and ninth of Second Corinthians, 
besides several paragraphs equally rich 
in thought and teaching. 

And remember, that these were giv- 
en by inspiration of the Holy Spirit as 
much as any other portion of Scrip- 
ture, and demand just as faithful a 
hearing and acceptance. 

Not only that, but the present un- 
precedented opportunities in our mis- 
sion fields present a mighty challenge 
to the church for a forward move, 
which will demand largely increased 
offerings from the home churches. 
But even now we hear in some 
churches protests againsts the frequent 
solicitations for various good causes. 

This being true, it is necessary for 
us to look for a gospel solution of the 
financial problem of missions and char- 

ities. Any man-instituted methods for 
raising funds will fail to meet the de- 
mands and maintain the highest spir- 
itual growth. Let us notice Paul's 
teachings in 2 Cor. 8, 9. 

God's estimate of the value of money 
gifts. Note that in the first verse the 
liberal giving of the Macedonian 
churches is called the " grace of God," 
and in 2 Cor. 9 : 14 it is called the " ex- 
ceeding grace of God." In 2 Cor. 8 : 
4, 6, 7, 19, and 2 Cor. 9 : 8 it is called 
" grace," while in 2 Cor. 8 : 9 Paul, by 
way of illustration and appeal, refers 
to the sacrificial offering of Christ as 
" the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ." 

Thus we see that large emphasis is 
placed on this question of "giving." 
Paul also tells us that the liberal giv- 
ing of the poor Macedonians was the 
fruit of the Spirit of God. Without the 
influence of God's Spirit you cannot 
have true gospel givers. Man loves to 
hoard wealth for selfish pleasures, and 
to give cheerfully and liberally for the 
good of others remote from the family 
circles is foreign to non-Christian 

Two cases of giving cited. In order 
to gain his point with the church at 
Corinth Paul cites two notable exam- 
ples of giving. The first was the lib- 
erality of the Macedonian churches. 
" In much proof of affliction the abun- 
dance of their joy and their deep pover- 
ty abounded unto the riches of their 
liberality." Though "poor, their liber- 
ality abounded, bringing them in re- 
turn abundance of joy, even though 
there was a shortage for themselves, 
for, says Paul, " Beyond their power, 
they gave of their own accord." No 
pressure was brought to bear on them, 


The Missionary Visitor 


but they counted it a privilege to give 
for a good cause. 

Notice the fourth verse says, " Be- 
seeching us with much entreaty." They 
sought for an opportunity and plead 
with Paul that he receive their gift, 
that they might with him have " fel- 
lowship in ministering to the saints." 
How different from so many who avoid 
giving whenever they can ! These 
poor Macedonians, recently won from 
heathenism, put thousands of present- 
day church members to shame. 

And then that fifth verse ! What a 
commentary on the spiritual life of 
those brethren ! Here is the secret of 
their exceeding liberality : " They first 
gave themselves to the Lord and then 
to us through the will of the Lord." 
First, consecration of self and entire 
submission to God's will. Get a con- 
secrated life and you will have a " lib- 
eralized " pocketbook. How is it, 
brother? When you took the baptis- 
mal vow, did you really give yourself 
to the Lord, or did you make certain 

The other case cited by Paul is to 
what the Lord had done : " For ye 
know the grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, that though He was rich, yet 
for your sakes He became poor, that 
ye through His poverty might become 
rich." Here was a divine pattern of 
real, genuine giving. The Lord emp- 
tied Himself for their benefit, and they 
in turn ought to help their brethren in 

Again, Paul appeals to their man- 
hood in the seventh and eighth verses : 
'As ye abound in everything, in faith, 
and utterance, and knowledge, and in 
all earnestness, and in your love to us, 
see that ye abound in this grace also 
. proving, through the earnest- 
ness of others the sincerity also of your 

Apply this to ourselves. Have we 
abounded in the " grace of giving " as 
we have in our faithfulness to the dis- 

tinctive principles of the church? In 
the light of this exhortation of the 
Spirit is it not just as important — yea, 
is there not just as much genuine gos- 
pel religion in " giving " right as there 
is in dressing right or in being baptized 
right? Have we been proving to our 
Lord the sincerity of our love by giv- 
ing what is His, or is our show of love 
only a farce ? Thank God for the many 
large-hearted and liberal givers ; but 
how about the thousands who do not 
recognize their stewardship relation to 
God and debar Him the right to his 

Three points on giving, verses ten 
to fifteen. First, there must be a " readi- 
ness." A year previous they had en- 
thusiastically vowed their purpose to 
send a liberal contribution to the des- 
titute at Jerusalem. Later their ardor 
abated, and now Paul calls on them to 
make good their former purpose, " that 
as there was a readiness to will so 
there may be the completion also out 
of your ability." 

Secondly, it was to be according to 
ability, " for it is acceptable according 
to that a man hath, not according as 
he hath not." Not the amount we give 
measures our gift, but *the proportion 
of it to the amount God has entrusted 
to us. "As God hath prospered him," 
says Paul in 1 Cor. 16:2. 

The rich had given little, for they 
gave out of their superfluity, while the 
poor widow " cast in more than all 
they," for she gave all her living. 

Yes, we are under " grace " and are 
to give " as God hath prospered " us ; 
but I wonder how many of us grasp 
the full force of that. Our gifts to the 
kingdom are to be commensurate with 
God's gifts to' us. If you have been 
quoting 1 Cor. 16 : 2 to get out of pay- 
ing the tithe, remember that Paul has 
there laid down a larger and more ex- 
acting principle than the tithe, which 
will require of thousands of Christians 
far larger gfifts than would accrue from 


The Missionary Visitor 


the tithe. But for sake of a standard 
for computation, if poor Christians in 
India, with an income of only $3 to $5 
per month, can give the tenth, then 
most assuredly there are very few of 
us who could not adopt the same as a 
minimum standard of giving. 

And, brethren, I wonder how many 
of us could come before a court of 
judgment and truthfully and intelli- 
gently affirm that we had given as the 
Lord has prospered us. The people to 
whom Malachi wrote did not give God 
His dues, and the window to God's 
blessings was closed. May the same 
not be true of too many churches to- 
day? Read the "Mirror and Reflec- 
tor," in December Visitor. 

The third point is that of " equality." 
"Your abundance being a supply at 
this present time for their want, that 
their abundance also may become a 
supply for your want." The Mace- 
donians had given out of their poverty, 
but the Corinthian church had an abun- 
dance and overflow from which to 

Solicitors for mission and charity 
funds, take courage and read verses 
19, 23, 24, " Messengers of the churches 
ijand the glory of Christ." That is what 
: Paul calls them, and how glad we 
should be to see them coming to give 
us an opportunity to give for the 
Lord's cause ! 

In the ninth chapter note several 
points : 

Bounty or free-will offering. What 
they gave was to be " as a matter of 
( bounty, and not of extortion." Not 
money gotten by over-persuasion nor 
given to get rid of the solicitors. Mc- 
Laren tells of a farmer who was asked 
how much milk his cow gave. He said 
'.that "she gives nothing voluntarily, 
f but if a strong man corners her, he can 
get two gallons each milking." Paul 
did not want that kind of giving. 

To be deliberate, intelligent and 
cheerful, " Let each man do according 

as he hath purposed in his heart : not 
grudgingly or of necessity, for God 
loveth a cheerful giver." Regardless of 
appeal, or strength of personality of 
speaker or solicitor, Christians should 
deliberate on the blessings from God 
and decide what belongs to God and 
then give it. 

Results according to law of sowing 
and reaping. " He that soweth spar- 
ingly shall reap also sparingly, and he 
that soweth bountifully shall reap also 
bountifully." Are you enjoying reli- 
gion and growing in spiritual graces? 
If not, perhaps if you look up your ac- 
counts with God you will find a big 
balance in His favor, which you have 
appropriated to your own use. " If 
therefore ye have not been faithful in 
the unrighteous mammon, who will 
commit to your trust the true riches " 
(Luke 16 : 11) ? 

Gospel giving does not impoverish. 
Note. — " God is able to make all grace 
abound unto you, that ye, having all 
sufficiency in everything, may abound 
unto every good work. He hath scat- 
tered abroad, He hath given to the 
poor; His righteousness abideth for- 
ever. And He that supplieth seed to 
the sower and bread for food, shall sup- 
ply and multiply your seed for sowing 
and increase the fruits of your right- 
eousness ; ye being enriched in every- 
thing unto all liberality, which work- 
eth through us thanksgiving to God." 
" The liberal soul shall be made fat ; 
and he that watereth shall be watered 
also himself." 
Summary on Giving: 

1. Should be a religious act. "An 
odor of a sweet smell, a sacrifice ac- 
c e p t a b 1 e, well-pleasing to God " 
(Philpp. 4: 18). "And to us through 
the will of God" (2 Cor. 8:5). 

2. Blessed privilege of fellowship in 
ministration. " The ministration of 
this service not only filleth up the meas- 
ure of the wants of the saints, but 
aboundeth also through many thanks- 


The Missionary Visitor 


givings unto God" (2 Cor. 9: 12). 
" Fellowship in my affliction " (Philpp. 
4: 14). "Fellowship with me -in mat- 
ter of giving and receiving" (Philpp. 
4: 15). "Fellowship in furtherance of 
the gospel, .'•;.. . in my bonds and 
in the defense and confirmation of the 
Gospel, ye all are partakers with me of 
grace" (Philpp. 1: 3-7). 

3. Cheerfully — " Not grudgingly, or 
of necessity : for God loveth a cheerful 
giver" (2 Cor. 9:7). 

4. Liberally — " Liberality of your 
contribution" (2 Cor. 9: 13). 

5. Deliberately — "As he hath pur- 
posed in his heart " (2 Cor. 9:7). 

6. According to ability — " So there 

may be the completion out of your abil- 
ity." " It is acceptable according to 
that a man hath, and not according as 
he hath not " (2 Cor. 8 : 11, 12). 

7. Regularly — " Upon the first day 
of the week" (1 Cor. 16: 2). 

8. Individually — " Let each one of 
you lay by him in store" (1 Cor. 16: 


9. Systematically — "As the Lord 
hath prospered him" (1 Cor. 16: 2). 

10. To be cultivated — "As ye abound 
in everything, in faith, and utterance, 
and knowledge, and in all earnestness, 
and in your love to us, see that ye 
abound in this grace also " (2 Cor. 8 : 


A Widow 

THE idea of giving is as old as 
time, and yet always attractive 
because of its peculiar character. 
Our heavenly Father understood well 
the nature of man when He placed this 
noble principle within the human heart. 
And he who in any way hinders the de- 
velopment of this God-given power cer- 
tainly little realizes his loss. 

In Mark 12: 41-44 we find these 
words : " And Jesus sat over against the 
treasury, and beheld how the people cast 
money into the treasury: and many that 
were rich cast in much. And there 
came a certain poor widow, and she 
threw in two mites, which make a far- 
thing. And He called unto His disciples, 
and said unto them, Verily I say unto 
you, That this poor widow hath cast 
more in than all they which have cast 
into the treasury: for all they did cast 
in of their abundance ; but she of her 
want did cast in all that she had, even 
all her living." 

Jesus, being weary from teaching in 
the temple court, took time to rest and 
observe the. people depositing their of- 

ferings in the chests placed in one of 
the courts of the temple for this pur 

Certainly works of charity and works 
of piety very fitly go together. And if 
all that profess to follow the Lord Jesus 
Christ would carry out 1 Cor. 16 : 2, all 
would be the better for it. 

It must have been a good sight to 
see the rich people so charitable, but 
why should they not be? God had so 
abundantly blessed them ! Why should 
they not give abundantly? 

But here comes a poor widow. With 
a heart full of love and gratitude for 
her Christ, and a desire to help humani- 
ty, she casts into the treasury two mites, 
which make a farthing, or one-seventh 
of a penny. 

This attracts Jesus' attention, not be- 
cause of its great value, but because 
she gave of her want, even all her liv 
ing. No doubt there were people 
present who censured the poor widow, 
but Jesus highly commends her and tells 
His disciples that she had given more 
than all the rest together. 


The Missionary Visitor 


In Eph. 4 : 28 we have these words : 
" Rather let him labor, working with 
his hands the thing which is good, that 
he may have to give to him that need- 

Christ's standard of commendable of- 
fering is not our superfluity, but our 
deficiency, as in the case of the Mace- 
donian churches, whose deep poverty 
abounded to the riches of their liberal- 
ity (2 Cor. 8:2). 

In Rom. 12 : 1 we learn that we are 
to- present our bodies a living sacrifice, 
so that it matters not whether we are 
employed by the General Mission Board 
or not, we should give to God what He 
gave us — life, to be used to the greatest 
possible advantage. As Christian par- 
ents it should afford us great joy to 
learn that the Lord has found our chil- 
dren worthy of service in His vineyard. 

I am a widow, and the mother of 

four children, and no greater joy can 
come to me than to see each one of my 
children spending his or her life in the 
mission cause, either home or foreign, 
wherever they can be of the greatest 

My son is now in college, planning for 
a course in medicine, and anxiously 
waiting the time to go to the foreign 
field. The three girls are younger, but 
I feel the Lord will find a place for 
them in His service when the time 

I consider this a great privilege. For 
what greater work could be desired than 
to assist the Lord in preparing workers 
for His service ? 

Yes, let us learn to give and without 
reserve. It will be then and then only 
that the Lord can use us to the greatest 
advantage, and our cup of joy will be 


Ross D. Murphy 

IN the sermon on the mount Jesus 
cautions His followers with regard 
to motives that underlie and prompt 
almsgiving. It was a practice quite 
common in those days to give alms " to 
be seen of men," and thus hope to re- 
ceive their praise. Many concerned 
themselves more about having their gifts 
made public than about the cause to 
which they gave. Character was noth- 
ing to them; reputation was all. They 
aimed to live in the sight of men, rather 
than in the sight of God. Jesus con- 
demns such low motives and warns His 
disciples lest they, too, should be gov- 
erned by selfishness as they go forth 
among men to give of their time and 
service in healing and preaching. 

It is important to be possessed with 
the highest motives in bringing our gifts 
to the altar. The motive, not the 
amount, determines the real value of 

gifts placed into the hands of the Lord. 
Like the five loaves and two fishes, that 
were blessed by Jesus, what little we 
bring to Him, in the right spirit, He ac- 
cepts and blesses. And with His bless- 
ings to accompany our gifts, they mul- 
tiply and increase until multitudes are 
touched and moved to better and nobler 
impulses. The image of heaven upon 
our gifts makes them genuine. A hand- 
ful of rice given with a prayer more 
than feeds a starving pagan lad. It 
sinks deeper. It touches his soul and he 
returns, not so much for another hand- 
ful as for a bit of that which prompted 
the kindness. 

Jesus was anxious that His disciples 
test their motives and throw out the 
base and low and mean, retaining only 
those that were unselfish and noble and 
elevating. He has the same anxiety for 
us. He desires gifts, but He desires 


The Missionary Visitor 


good motives more. If we find our- 
selves bringing gifts to the altar, to be 
seen of men, and to solicit their praise, 
our motives are unworthy. They must 
be cast aside as counterfeit, like the 
coins that fail to ring " true." They are 
base metal in the sacred treasury. They 
may glitter, but they are not gold, un- 
less consecration and prayer have puri- 
fied them. 

To give bread because men and wom- 
en need it and are starving in a famine- 
visited land is a noble deed, but the need 
of bread is not the noblest motive to 
prompt our gifts. To give raiment be- 
cause children are shivering with cold 
and frost is a high motive, but not the 
highest to master our giving. To give 
for the opening of schools to the illiter- 
ate and ignorant heathen is worthy of 

praise, but it is not the most praise- 
worthy motive that underlies giving. To 
give of our time and service because the 
heathen know nothing about Christ and 
His saving Gospel, going to Christless 
graves at the rate of one to the tick of] 
the clock, to give because of this con- 
dition is a lofty motive, but not the loft-" 
iest. To give because Christ possesses 
us, because He is mastering and domi- 
nating our lives, our thoughts and feel-! 
ings ; to give because Christ is our All 
in All, because He is an inward force 
compelling us, directing and guiding 
us — this is the motive that towers above 
all others. It is from above, born in 
heaven. When this motive underlies 
our generous hand, needs drop out of 
the question. We simply give, give be- 
cause of Christ. 


A Symposium 

. J. S. Rodeffer. 

In the consideration of the subject 
of giving, a very common error is the 
failure to distinguish between tithes 
and offerings. 

The very fact that the tithe is dis- 
tinctly a debt, and not a gift, should 
not be lost sight of. 

The claim that we give to the Lord 
when the amount does not exceed the 
tenth is not only wrong, but in a very 
literal sense is belittling God and in- 
sulting to Him. 

God's divine order is " tithes and 
offerings." The latter comes into op- 
eration only after the former has been 
complied with. 

If we lay aside only the tenth, as 
the limit, we rob God in offerings, for 
no gift has been made ; and if we keep 
back part of the Lord's tenth and make 

that the limit, we rob him in tithes 
and offerings. 

If we want the joy that comes from 
true Christian giving we must learn 
to give according to scriptural prin- 
ciples. It is then that we will learn to 
love to give. 

After we pay God his tenth, the more 
we give the more we will want to give. 
We then recognize the fact that there 
is no limit in giving, excepting one's 
ability to sacrifice. 

Mt. Morris, III. 


J. K. Miller. 

I would certainly answer the above 
question in the affirmative. A man to 
attain to a full measure of prosperity in 
business must be liberal in the treat- 


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ment of and wages paid to his em- 
ployes, generous in his dealings with 
his customers, and liberal in his sup- 
port of all local charities and move- 
ments which have for their object the 
betterment of the community in which 
he lives. Any man who has prospered 
in a large measure owes much of his 
success to his surroundings. The 
farmer prospers and his land increases 
in value, from the fact that other men 
have improved the farms that are in 
his vicinity and that the cities and vil- 
lages near by afford him a market for 
his products. Were it not for these 
facts his hard work would avail him 
little. The same is true of the business 
and professional man. Anything that 
helps the city indirectly helps him. 
He is the first to reap the benefits of 
prosperity and the first to feel the ef- 
fects of hard times. 

The reason many men do not prosper 
in business is because they are not BIG 
enough to put into practice Luke 38. 
I believe the principles referred to will 
help a man to prosper in a temporal 
way, whether he is a Christian or not. 
The Christian business man, in addi- 
tion to what he gives in a business way, 
should be generous in his support of 
the church in all of her various avenues 
of service, not for the financial returns 
(which I am sure he will receive), but 
for the real pleasure which comes to 
one who gives, considering it a privilege 
to do so. 

In conclusion I would say that giv- 
ing helps not only the business man, 
but every man, both in this world and 
the world to come. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 


Jason Hollopeter. 

It used to seem that the church had 
so many things she needed money for; 
it was home missions, foreign missions, 

janitor's dues, evangelist to be paid, 
etc., and giving money to the church 
seemed more of an affliction than a 
blessing. We were not tithers then. 

A few years ago we were instructed 
in the way of the Lord more perfectly, 
largely by the Visitor, as regards 
Christian stewardship and tithing. The 
Spirit moved us to start tithing, and 
as a result God has wonderfully blessed 
and led us, making church fellowship a 
pleasure and our cross light to bear. 
It was a crisis in our life, the turning 
point from passive to active church 
membership, and has led to greater 
loyalty to Christ and the church. 

Being bee-keepers we tithe the gross 
income from the sale of honey, bees 
and queens. The widow cast in as her 
offering her living, and the Spirit seems 
to tell us that the net income all be- 
longs to the Lord's work, and we make 
an offering only when we give of our 

Along with the spiritual has come 
the temporal blessings, and our busi- 
ness has doubled, showing us that the 
Lord is not slack in fulfilling His prom- 

If every follower of Christ were a 
true Christian giver, it would solve prac- 
tically every church difficulty, provide 
for all her work, much to the glory of 
God and credit of the church, and there 
would be such an outpouring of the 
Spirit as has not been witnessed since 
the Pentecostal days. 

Pentz, Pa. 


Isaiah Brenaman. 

When we realize the great, wonder- 
ful sacrifice Jesus made for us, and at 
the same time realize the worth of a 
soul, it will move us to action. 

When our dear Brother and Sister 
Vaniman gave themselves to the work 
in China, I said to myself, " They are 
giving their lives to the Lord. What 


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am I doing to save the thousands who 
are dying without Christ? My only 
way of sending the Gospel is through 
a representative." Thus I wrote to the 
Mission Board of my call to help in 
the great mission of saving the heathen. 

The great Lord of the harvest had 
already sent a laborer into the field 
whom 1 it became my privilege to help. 

It is inspiring to know that so -many 
of our dear young brethren and sis- 
ters are consecrating their lives, and 
are educating themselves in prepara- 
tion to carry the message to those who 
know not oi Christ's redeeming love. 
Who would not want to help educate 
our young people for such a noble call- 

My prayers are that all my efforts 
shall be to God's honor and glory, and 
that many souls may be brought to see 
the blessed light through the united 
efforts of my Lord, my representative 
and I. 

My heart was so cold 

Till I said to my Lord, 

" I want to do something for Thee." 

My heart was made glad 
When I said to my Lord, 
" My means shall do something for Thee." 

My heart is now glad, 

Since I work with my Lord, 

Through a messenger over the sea. 

— Elsie Laycook. 


W. E. West. 

We like to keep our accounts bal- 
anced at the bank and with our fellow- 
man. We have been instructed to 
GIVE " as God has prospered " (1 
Cor. 16: 2), and unless we do> this our 
accounts will not balance, with our 
God, which is of great importance. 

We cannot keep our accounts bal- 

anced with our country. unless we give 
(pay our tax) as we have been pros- 
pered. We cannot expect it to be 
otherwise in religion. " The Lord 
loveth a cheerful giver." Then let us 
" upon the first day of the week [every- 
one] lay by . . . in store as God 
has prospered." To balance our ac- 
counts shall we give less than Abra- 
ham (Heb. 7:6)? Some people argue 
that " tithing " belongs to the law of 
Moses, but Abraham lived long before 
that time. 

True, the New Testament does not 
say in so many words that we should 
be tithers, but we should at least come 
up to Abraham's standard or take the 
position that he was so 1 much better 
than man need be that we need not try 
to come up to his standard. Where 
in all God's -Word is the intimation 
that we should take a backward step? 
Under grace we should do' more than 
the Jews in any good work. Giving 
cultivates many graces and helps to 
balance our accounts. 

Our prosperity is of God — He. gave 
that we may give. If we take all to 
ourselves we are robbers and not Chris- 
tians. Every Christian should be a 
GIVING Christian ; it is a part of his 

Let us make a forward move and do 
better than Abraham or any of the 
Jews in their day, and thus it may be 
possible to keep our accounts with 
God balanced. 

Ankeny, Iowa. 

Alfred Englar. 

Yes, to be sure it is all the Lord's, for 
we brought nothing into the world, 
and we can take nothing out.. All we 
have and are the Lord has given us, 
to use for our needs and His glory. 

We may say we have gotten' it hy 
our hard labor and good management^ 
and we have a risrht to use it as we see 


The Missionary Visitor 


fit, but who gave us the strength and 
ability to get but the Lord? 
. The following scriptures show how 
much the Lord claims : 

Psa. 24 : 1 : The earth is the Lord's 
and the fulness thereof, the world and 
they that dwell therein. 

Psa. 50: 10: For every beast of the 
forest is Mine, and the cattle upon a 
thousand hills. 

Hag. 2:8: The silver is Mine, and 
the gold is Mine, saith the Lord of 

These scriptures leave us nothing we 
can call our own ; we are only stewards 
and should hold all we have at His 

We should live the simple life as 
taught by our Savior, spending as lit- 
tle as possible for ourselves and giving 
all we can to the Lord's work. 

Our wants are many, but our needs 
are few. 

What formerly were luxuries are 
now considered necessities by most of 
us. We should deny ourselves of these 
so-called necessities so that we could 
give more to the Lord's work. 

New Windsor, Md. 

Leander Smith. 

" How Much Shall I Give This Year to 

Missions? " 

(A little argument with myself.) 

1. If I give nothing, I practically 
cast my ballot in favor of recalling ev- 
ery missionary in the home and for- 
eign fields. 

2. If I give LESS than heretofore, I 
vote to reduce our missionary forces, 
proportionate to my reduced contri- 

3. If I give THE SAME as former- 
ly, I vote to hold the ground already 
won. My song is, " Hold the Fort," 
forgetting that God never intended 
that His army should take refuge in a 
fort. All His soldiers are under march- 

ing orders — the command is " go for- 

If I increase my offering over for- 
mer years, I vote for an advance move- 
ment in the conquest of new territory 
for Christ. One hundred per cent in- 
crease means the doubling of the mis- 
sionary force; fifty per cent increase 
says " Send half as many more " ; 
twenty-five per cent says " Send one- 
fourth more than is now on the field." 
What shall I say, retrench, hold the 
fort, or go forward? What would the 
Lord of the harvest say? He has al- 
ready said in Matt. 28 : 19. 

216 E. Tenth St., Newton, Kans. 

It was during the threatening perils 
and imminent dangers which surround- 
ed us on every hand during the time of 
the flood in Dayton, Ohio, that I made 
the vow of Jacob mine and asked the 
Lord "What lack I yet?" Surely I 
was spared for a purpose. 

He pointed me to the poor, and to the 
streets and alleys of the city, filled with 
papers, rags and cast-off clothing. As 
possessions were not in the way, I did 
not go away sorrowing, but went to 
work. Early and late I worked and 
soon had eleven barrels and boxes of 
clothing which were shipped to the poor. 
The rags and papers are sold and the 
proceeds given to the China Boys' 
School. I accepted the Lord as a Part- 
ner in all my business transactions, 
spread all my plans out before Him and 
asked His guidance and direction in all. 
Many admit that religion should go with 
business ; then why not a little business 
with religion? Determine what the 
share shall be and when payable. Any 
old way or any old time or any little 
amount that may be sticking among the 
tobacco crumbs is entirely too indefinite. 
That there should be a specified per- 
centage and time to give is implied in 


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the " Now upon the first day of the 

The Lord's share of Uncle John's 
wastebasket is the proceeds of rags and 
papers which accumulate in receptacles 
placed for that purpose and labeled at- 
tractively "RAGS AND PAPERS 
NO MONEY." Not many go out of 
their way to help the wastebasket along, 
but " Constant dropping will wear away 
the stone." 

I am threescore and twelve. I put 
in ten hours a day, six days in the week, 
for a firm at honorable labor, besides 
which I fire and attend a furnace, feed 
and attend to a horse, make my own 
bed, go to market, prepare my meals, 
do my washing and mending (except 
laundry), black my own shoes, walk one 
and one half miles to Sunday-school and 
church each Sunday, and take in a lec- 
ture each week. Now I am what is 
considered a poor man, yet I don't see 
it from that viewpoint at all. I enjoy 
so many blessings, and a disposition to 
work more for the Master and His 
cause makes me an heir to heaven. — 

Uncle John. 


You know how people admire the 
vines and pretty flowers, but never no- 
tice the prop that holds them up. Over 
ten years ago we were taking in wash- 
ing to support four children, when the 
thought came to us, " What can we do 
to help God's cause?" Then came the 
impulse to try tithing, and by so doing 
endeavor to teach my boys to be men 
who will prove a help to their fellow- 

We have been through cold, hunger, 
sickness and death ; have fallen from 
weakness and overwork, but we believe 
in this God to Whom we pray and have 
been blessed beyond what we hoped 

We can no longer wash. The eldest 
two (18 and 16 years old last month) 
have finished common school, earned a 
nice home for us, and all three are in 
the church. 

There is a joy, a peace, a fullness in 
trying to help others, that is not found 
outside of Christ. 

A Widow. 


I TOLD Hezekiah — that's my man. 
People mostly call him Deacon 
Parsons, but he never gets any dea- 
coning from me. We were married — 
" Hezekiah and Amariah " — that's go- 
ing on forty years ago, and he's just 
Hezekiah to me, and nothin' more. 

Well, as I was saying, says I : " Hez- 
ekiah, we aren't right. I am sure of 
it." And he said: " Of course not. We 
are poor sinners, Amy ; all poor sin- 
ners." And I said : " Hezekiah, this 
' poor sinner ' talk has gone on long 

enough. I suppose we are poor sin- 
ners, but I don't see any use of being 
mean sinners ; and there's one thing I 
think is real mean." 

It was jest after breakfast; and, as 
he felt poorly, he hadn't gone to the 
shop yet ; and so I had this little talk 
with him to sort o' chirk him up. He 
knew what I was comin' to, for we had 
had the subject up before. It was our 
little church. He always said : " The 
poor people, and what should we ever 
do?" And I always said: "We never 


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shall do nothin' unless we try." And 
as I brought the matter up in this way, 
he jest begun bitin' his toothpick, and 
said: "What's up now? Who's mean? 
Amariah, we oughtn't to speak evil of 
one another." Hezekiah always says 
" poor sinners " and never seems to 
mind it, but when I occasionally say 
mean sinners he somehow gets oneasy. 
But I was started, and I meant to free 
my mind. 

So I said, says I : "I was goin' to 
confess our sins. Dan'l confessed for 
all his people, and I was confessin' for 
all our little church. 

" Truth is," says I, " ours is alius 
called one of the ' feeble churches,' and 
I am tried about it. I've raised seven 
children, and at fourteen months old 
every boy and girl of 'em could run 
alone. And our church is fourteen 
years old," says I, " and it can't take a 
step yet without somebody to hold on 
by. The Board helps us, and General 
Jones, good man, he helps us — helps 
too much, I think — and so we live 
along, but we don't seem to get strong. 
Our people draw their rations every 
year, as the Indians do up at the agen- 
cy ; and it doesn't seem sometimes as 
if they ever thought of doing anything 

" They take it so easy," I said. 
" That's what worries me. I do not 
suppose we could pay all expenses, but 
might act as if we wanted to, and as if 
we meant to do all we can. 

" I read," says I, " about the debt 
of the Board, and this week as I under- 
stand our application is going in for 
another year, and no particular effort 
to do any better, and it frets me. I 
can't sleeo nights, and I can't take 
comfort Sundays. I've got to feelin' 
as if we were a kind of perpetual pau- 
pers. And that was what I meant when 
I said, ' It is real mean ! ' I suppose I 
said it a little sharp," says I, " but I 
rather be sharp than flat any day, and 
if we don't besfin to stir ourselves we 

shall be flat enough before long, and 
shall deserve to be. It has been 
' Board,' ' Board,' ' Board,' for four- 
teen years, and I am tired of it. I nev- 
er did like ' boardin',' " says I, " and, if 
we were poor, I believe we might do 
something toward setting up house- 
keepin' for ourselves. 

" Well, there's not many of us : about 
a hundred, I believe, and some of these 
is women folks, and some jest girls and 
boys. And Ave all have to work hard 
and live close; but," says I, "let us 
show a disposition, if nothin' more. 
Hezekiah, if there is any spirit left in 
'lis, let us show some sort of a disposi- 

And Hezekiah had his toothpick in 
his teeth, and looked down at his boots 
and rubbed his chin, as he always does 
when he's going to say somethin'. " I 
think there's some of us that shows a 

Of course I understand that hit, but 
I kep' still. I kep' right on with my 
argument, and I said: "Yes, and a 
pretty bad disposition it is. It's a dis- 
position to let ourselves be helped 
when we ought to be helping our- 
selves. It's a disposition to lie still and 
let somebody carry us. And we are 
growing up cripples — only we don't 

"Kiah," says I, "do you hear me?" 
Sometimes when I want to talk a lit- 
tle he just shets his eye, and begins to 
rock himself back and forth in the old 
arm chair ; and he was doin' that now. 
So I said : " Kiah, do you hear? " And 
he said : " Some ! " and then I went on. 
" I've got a proposition," says I. And 
he sort o' looked up and said, " Hev 
you? Well, between a disposition and 
a proposition, I guess the proposition 
might be better." 

He's awful sarcrostic, sometimes. 
But I wasn't goin' to get riled, nor 
thrown off the track: so I jest said: 
" Yes ; do you and I get two shillin's' 
worth apiece a week out of that blessed 


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little church of our'n, do you think? 
'Cos if we do, I want to give two shil- 
ling a week to keep it goin', and I 
thought maybe you could do as much." 
So he said he could stand that, and I 
said: "That's my proposition; and I 
mean to see if we can't find some one 
else that'll do the same. It'll show 
disposition, anyway." 

" Well, I suppose you'll hev your 
own way," says he ; " you most allers 
do." And I said: "Isn't it most allers 
a good way?" Then I brought my 
subscription paper. I had it all ready. 
I didn't jest know how to shape it, but 
I knew it was something about " the 
sums set opposite our names," so I 
drawed it up and took my chances. 
" You must head it," says I, " because 
you're the* oldest deacon, and I must 
go on next, because I'm the deacon's 
wife, and then I'll see some of the rest 
of the folks." 

So Kiah sot down, and put on his 
specs, and took his pen, but did not 
write. "What's the matter?" says I. 
And he said: " I's sort o' ashamed to 
subscribe two shillin's. I never signed 
so little as that for anything. I used 
to give that to the circus when I was 
nothin' but a boy, and I ought to do 
more than that to support the Gospel. 
Two shillin's a week ! Why, it's only 
a shillin' a sermon, and all the prayer 
meetin's thrown in. I can't go less 
than fifty cents, I am sure." So down 
he went for fifty cents. And then 1 
signed for a quarter, and then my sun- 
bonnet went onto my head pretty live- 
ly; and says I: " Hezekiah, there's 
some cold potato in the pantry, and 
you know where to find the salt; so, 
if I'm not back by dinner-time don't 
be bashful ; help yourself." And 1 

I called on the Smith family first ; 
I felt sure of them. And they were 
just as happy- Mr. Smith signed, and 
so did Mrs. Smith; and Long John, he 
came in while we were talkin', and put 

his name down ; and then old Grandma 
Smith, she didn't want to be left out; 
and so there were four of 'em. I've 
allers found it a great thing in any 
great enterprise to enlist the Smith 
family. There's a good many of 'em. 
Next I called on the Joslyns, and next 
on the Chapins, and then on the Wid- 
die Chadwick, and SO' I kept on. I met 
a little trouble once or twice, but not 
much. There was Fussy Furbur, and 
bein' trustee, he thought I was out of 
my spear, he said, and he wanted it 
understood that such work belonged 
to the trustee. "To be sure," says I, 
" I'm glad I've found out. I wish the 
trustees had discovered that a leetle 
sooner." Then there was Sister Puffy, 
that's got the asthma. She thought we 
ought to be lookin' after " the spirit- 
ooalities." She said we must get down 
before the Lord. She didn't think 
churches could be run on money. But 
I told her I guessed we should be just 
as spiritual to look into our pocket- 
books a little, and I said it was a shame 
to be tarnally beggin' so of the Board. 
She looked dredful solemn when I said 
that, and I almost felt as I'd been com- 
mittin' profane language. But I hope 
the Lord will forgive me if I took any- 
thing in vain. I did not take my call 
in vain, I tell you. Mrs. Puffy is good, 
only she alius wanted to talk pius ; and 
she put down her two shillin's and then 
hove a sigh. Then I found the boys 
at the copper shop, and got seven 
names at a lick ; and when the list be- 
gun to grow, people seemed ashamed 
to say " No," and I kep' gainin' till I 
had jest an even hundred, and then I 
went home. 

Well, it was pretty well toward can- 
dle light when I got back, and I was 
that tired I didn't know much of any- 
thing-. I've washed, and I've scrubbed, 
and I've baked, and I've biled soap, 
and I've moved ; and I 'low that almost 
any one of that sort of thing is a little 
exhaustin'. But put your bakin', and 


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movin', and bilin' soap, and all togeth- 
er, and it won't work out as much gen- 
uine-tired soul and body as one day 
with a subscription paper to support 
the Gospel. So when I sort o' dropped 
into a chair, and Hezekiah said, 
"Well?" I was past speakin', and I 
put my check apron up to my face as 
I hadn't done since I was a young, 
foolish girl, and cried. I don't know 
what I felt so bad about, I don't know 
as I did feel bad. But I felt cry, and I 
cried. And Kiah, seein' how it was, 
felt kind o' sorry for me, and set some 
tea a steeping and when I had had my 
tea and my cry, and so " mingled my 
drink with weeping," I felt better. 

I handed him the subscription paper, 
and he looked it over as if he didn't 
expect anything; but soon he began 
saying, "I never! I never!" And I 
said : " Of course you didn't ; you nev- 
er tried. How much is it?" "Why, 
don't you know?" says he. "No," I 
said, " I ain't quick in figures, and I 
hadn't time to foot it up. I hope it 
will make us out this year three hun- 
dred dollars or so." 

"Amy," says he, " you're a prodigy — 
a prodigal, I may say — and you don't 
know it. A hundred names at two 
shillin's each, gives you $25 a Sunday. 
Some of 'em may fail, but most of 'em 
is good ; and there is ten, eleven, thir- 
teen, that sign fifty cents. That'll make 
up what fails. That paper of yourn'll 
give us thirteen hundred dollars a 
year!" I jumped up like I was shot. 
"Yes," he says, "we shan't need any- 
thing this year from the Board. This 
church, for this year at any rate, is 

We both sot down and kep' still a 
minute, when I said, kind o' softly: 
I Hezekiah," says I, " isn't it about 

time for prayers? " I was just chokin', 
but as he took down the Bible he said, 
" I guess we'd better sing somethin'." 
I nodded, like, and he jest struck in. 
We often sing at prayers in the morn- 
ing; but now it seemed like the scrip- 
ter that says : " He giveth songs in 
the night." Kiah generally likes the 
solemn tunes, too; and we sing " Show 
pity, Lord," a great deal, and this 
mornin' we had sung, " Hark, from 
the tombs a doleful sound," 'cause 
Kiah was not feelin' very well, and we 
wanted to chirk up a little. So I jest 
waited to see what metre he'd strike 
tonight; and would you believe it? 
I didn't know that he knew any such a 
tune. But off he started on "Joy to 
the world, the Lord is come." I tried 
to catch on, but he went off, lickerty 
switch, like a steam, engine, and I 
couldn't keep up. I was partly laugh- 
in' to see Kiah go it, and partly cryin' 
again, my heart was so> full ; so I 
doubled up some of the notes and 
jumped over the others, and so we 
safely reached the end. 

But, I tell you, Hezekiah prayed. 
He allers prays well, but this was a 
bran new prayer, exactly suited to the 
occasion. And when Sunday came, 
and the minister got up and told what 
had been done, and said : " It is all the 
work of one good woman, and done in 
one day," I just got scared and want- 
ed to run. And when some of the 
folks shook hands with me after meet- 
in', and said, with tears in their eyes, 
how I'd saved the church, and all that, 
I came awful nigh gettin' proud. But, 
as Hezekiah says, " we're all poor sin- 
ners," so I choked it back. But I am 
glad I did it ; and I don't believe our 
church will ever go boarding any more. 
— Dora Dennis in Christian at Work. 

In the interests of Mariolatry, or at least without the protest of the dominant 
church, there is, in South America, an ethical status more detrimental to pure morals 
arid more dishonoring to Christ than is found in open paganism. — Kinsolving. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Ellis M. Studebaker 

THE following are approximate 
statistics of the religious adher- 
ents of the world : 

Protestants, 166,066,500 ; Roman 
Catholics, 272,638,500 ; Easterns, 
Greeks, etc., 120,157,000; Jews, 11,222,- 
00 0; Mohammedans, 216,630,000; 
heathen, 836,732,000 (Missionary Map 
of the World). 

Probably no more than 5,000,000 are 
church members, and many of these 
do not live the ideal life. Such statis- 
tics make one ask, " How shall the dy- 
ing millions be saved?" 

" Whosoever shall call upon the 
name of the Lord shall be saved " 
(Rom. 10: 13). The scope of salvation 
is broad. Earthly kingdoms may re- 
fuse to accept as subjects certain un- 
fortunate people, but the kingdom of 
God is broad enough to include all : 
the Jew and the Greek, the white man 
and the black man, the educated and 
the illiterate, the rich and the poor, 
whosoever will may enter the kingdom 
of God (Rev. 22: 17). The scope of 
salvation surely is broad, but he who 
would be saved must call upon the 
name of the Lord. It is a personal 
proposition. One is no longer con- 
sidered a child of the. kingdom of God 
because he is a Jew, but because he is 
conscious of his dependence upon God, 
and because he, in humble recognition 
of this dependence, earnestly seeks 
for Jehovah's assistance. (Cf. Rom. 
14: 12; Jer. 29: 12, 13.) 

" How then shall they call on Him 
in Whom they have not believed " 
(Rom. 10 : 14a) ? It is inconceivable 
that the millions who have not believed 
in God, as revealed in Christ, will call 

upon God through Christ. There must 
be faith in the existence of God; there 
must be faith in His love for humanity, 
and there must be faith that God can 
and will save all who seek after Him 
(Heb. 11 : 6 ; John 3 : 16). When once 
the unchristian people of the world 
have such faith, it will be possible for 
them to take the steps necessary for 

" How then shall they believe in 
Him Whom they have not heard " 
(Rom. 10 : 14b) ? Knowledge is in- 
volved. About ninety per cent of the 
population of the world is absolutely 
ignorant of the true God. These fig- 
ures are appalling. How can these 
millions be made to believe? Paul 
said, " Belief cometh of hearing, and 
hearing by the word of Christ " (Rom. 
10: 17). 

But if belief cometh of hearing, 
" How shall they hear without a 
preacher" (Rom. 10: 14c)? Preaching 
is the divinely-appointed method of 
heralding the truth. It is God's good 
pleasure, through the foolishness of 
preaching, to save them that believe 
(1 Cor. 1: 21). Isaiah answered in the 
affirmative the call, " Whom shall I 
send, and who will go for Us " (Isa. 5: 
8) ? Paul heeded the summons, " Come 
over into Macedonia, and help us 1 
(Acts 16: 9). Christ said, " Go ye in- 
to all the world, and preach the Gospel 
to every creature" (Mark 16: 15). 
Surely the call of God is no less urg- 
ent today than it was of old, and the 
plea of the many millions, groping in 
ignorance, superstition, disbelief, and 
vice, is no less evident now than it 
was when Paul heard it. The respon- 


The Missionary Visitor 


sibility is at our feet. Are we awake 
to the situation? Are our ears open 
to the voice of God? Can we see be- 
yond the horizon? Will we heed the 

Since there must be preachers, "How 
shall they preach, except they be 
sent" (Rom. 10: 15)? Divinely-ap- 
pointed men are needed ; men to whom 
God has said, " Go." Paul and Bar- 
nabas were sent forth by the Holy Spir- 
it through the instrumentality of the 
church (Acts 13: 1-1). Much excellent 
talent is lying dormant because some 
congregations have not been awake to 
their privilege and responsibility. 
There are many young men and young 
women in almost every community 
who would lay their lives upon the 
altar to be consumed by God in a liv- 
ing sacrifice if they were given the 

right kind of encouragement. How- 
ever, it is one thing to call men into 
the ministry, and to send them upon 
the field ; but it is quite a different 
thing to fulfill our responsibility to- 
ward them after we have placed them 
in this important position. Truly, we 
ought to send them forth, but we 
ought, also, to support them by our 
prayers and by that of which God has 
made us stewards — our money. 

How shall the dying millions be 
saved ? " Whosoever shall call upon 
the name of the Lord shall be saved. 
How then shall they call on Him in 
Whom they have not believed? and 
how shall they believe in Him Whom 
they have not heard? and how shall 
they hear without a preacher? and how 
shall they preach, except they be sent " 
(Rom. 10 : 13-15) ? 


YESTERDAY he wore a rose on 
the lapel of his coat, and when 
the plate was passed he gave a 
nickel to the Lord. He had some gold 
in his pocket, and Sunday change, per- 
haps a dollar's worth, but he hunted 
about, and, finding this poor little 
nickel, he laid it on the plate to aid the 
church militant in its fight against the 
world, the flesh, and the devil. 

And this very man had his shoes 
polished on Saturday afternoon, and 
he handed out a dime without a mur- 
mur. He had a shave, and paid fifteen 
cents with equal alacrity. He took a 
box of candies home to his wife, and 
paid forty cents for it, and the box was 
tied with a dainty piece of ribbon. 
Yes, and he also gave a nickel to the 

Who is this Lord? Who is He? 
Why, the man worships Him as Crea- 
tor of the universe, the One who put 
the stars in order and by Whose im- 

mutable decree the heavens stand. 
Yes, he does, and he dropped a nickel 
in to support the church militant. 

And what is the church militant? 
The church militant is the church that 
represents upon the earth the church 
triumphant of the great God the man 
gave a nickel to. 

And the man knew he was but an 
atom in space, and he knew that the 
Almighty was without limitations, and 
knowing this, he put his hand in his 
pocket and picked out the nickel and 
gave it to the Lord. 

And the Lord, being gracious and 
slow to anger and knowing our frame, 
did not slay the man for the meanness 
of his offering, but gives him this day 
his daily bread. 

But the nickel was ashamed, if the 
man was not. The nickel hid beneath 
a quarter that was given by a~ poor 
woman who washes and irons for a 
living. — Toronto Star. 


The Missionary Visitor 


FERENCE, 1914 

Wilbur Stover 

THE report prepared by the Indian 
Secretary is quite complete, from 
the standpoint of the average 
man. If, however, we are looking into 
the inner side, it is only partially so, 
and could not undertake to tell that 
part of the story. 

The best of it is the after-results : 
the good feeling that has been created 
among the villagers, who had come in 
hundreds to hear and see, and get a free 
meal. When they sat down as part 
and parcel of the great, happy throng 
that night, and spent the hours in sing- 
ing and in giving testimony for the 
glory of the Lord, a new feeling came 
over them ; a feeling that they were a 
people, indeed, a people with a heart- 
religion, a people with a future. And 
the bigness of the multitude made a 
strong impression, proving to them that 
they were not alone in their new-found 

For the most part, we do not think 
it is best to give free meals, but it is 
an expedient for the present, away 
from which we trust we shall presently 
advance. The custom of the country 
does not warrant free meals at a re- 
ligious gathering, though many gather- 
ings are for the feeding of the people. 
These things will be as we will to 
make them. 

On the afternoon program, of the 
day before conference proper, one 
brother told the interesting story of 
the Karens in Burma ; another told 
what he considered the secret of suc- 
cess in religious life ; and others gave 
addresses as they had been assigned. 
The Sunday-school work and report 
took a prominent place on the program, 

and we fully realize that the hope of 
the future is in the cradle today. Roll 
call was greatly appreciated. The name 
of each town was called by the moder- 
ator, and as the name was spoken all 
the people from that town arose and 
repeated together some appropriate 
text they had chosen for the occasion. 
It helped to add to the impression that 
we had come from many different 
places, and are " all one in Christ Je- 

The missionaries, while always in- 
terested in the conference and its 
work, were perhaps yet more interested 
in the committee meeting with Breth- 
ren Early and Royer. We had eagerly 
awaiting their coming, and now when 
we had them with us, for the first time 
in ten years, all the missionaries on the 
field actually got themselves together 
at one time. We counted it a great 
thing to be able to confer with men 
from the home church here on the 
mission field, with respect to the work 
before us. Oh, what a tremendous 
work! And in our hands to be done! 

We talked over every phase of the 
question that bothers us, as well as 
those phases which make the work 
most interesting, from the time to bap- 
tize converts to the question of when 
to hold elections to the ministry. And 
then we did not get the list completed. 
We all felt that we should have had 
the brethren at least four months in- 
stead of only two. Yet we appreciate 
to the full the short visit of two 

One thing that we practically decid- 
ed, was, the giving up of part of the 
Marathi territory we had been endeav- 


The Missionary Visitor 


oring- to occupy, east of the Dang 
Country. We are ill-prepared to man 
our big field, and another mission, the 
Scandinavian Alliance, had urgently 
requested us to yield the field to them. 
A committee was appointed for the 
purpose, and since the conference we 
gave them the occupancy of the taluka 
(county) in question. It is a hopeful 
field, and if they occupy it, and work 
it, they will do well. The section in 
question is Pimpalner. 

Every congregation at home appre- 
ciates the visit of the missionary, when 
returning from the field, full of the en- 

thusiasm which is begotten from con- 
tact with the real thing. In the same 
way (and, may I add, even perhaps to 
a greater degree?) we on the field ap- 
preciate the visit of sympathetic men 
from home, as they come and go 
amongst us, as they see our manner 
of life, as they catch our feeling, and 
appreciate our problems, and most of 
all grasp the immensity of opportunity 
as it continually confronts us. They 
felt as^we feel, they saw as we see, and 
they have come to know, in part at 
least, as we know. And they take with 

(Continued on Page 192.) 


Alice K. Ebey 

" I was glad when they said unto me, Let 
us go up into the house of the Lord " (Psa. 
122: 1). 

THIS was the feeling of every 
brother and sister in India, when 
District Meeting was announced 
for Feb. 9 at Anklesvar. This spirit of 
gladness was marred when some pock- 
etbooks did not contain enough cash 
for the car fare. But on the evening 
of the date set there were assembled in 
the temporary tabernacle representa- 
tives from all our stations, perhaps 
seven hundred souls rejoicing togeth- 
er in the Lord. 

The tabernacle was a rude structure 
of poles and bamboos tied together, 
covered with canvas car-covers which 
were loaned by the railway company. 
There were characteristic Indian dec- 
orations of bright-colored paper flags 
and flowers. Borrowed acetylene 
lamps gave good light. The ground 
was covered with clean rice straw, and 
there we all sat on the floor, while tired 
children lay down and slept. 
Bro, Early gave the first sermon. 

His message was concerning the love 
and care of the. Good Shepherd for His 
sheep. Bro. Long interpreted for the 
Gujarati audience, and all were 
strengthened and blessed. 

Tuesday morning at an early hour 
the Anklesvar brethren served tea and 
chapattis (unleavened bread) to all 
the company. The local church served 
all the meals — rice and curry, or breads 
and curry — for noon and evening. It 
meant much work and expense for 

At half-past eight the tabernacle was 
filled and many stood outside to listen. 
Village Christians, with neighbors and 
friends, came in bullock carts until the 
crowd was perhaps increased to nearly 
a thousand. This seemed wonderful 
when contrasted with the first District 
Meeting held in the little meeting room 
at Jalalpor, twelve years ago last Octo- 
ber. There were then nine mission- 
aries (all on the field at that time), and 
perhaps fewer than a hundred others, 
mostly children of the Orphanage, for 
the Christian families then numbered 


The Missionary Visitor 


scarcely a dozen. There were five mis- 
sionaries and perhaps a score of others 
who had been present at that first 
meeting'. Their hearts overflowed with 
praise and gratitude for the blessings 
God has poured out on His little flock 
in India. 

The day was full of blessing. All 
day long, and until far in the night, 
the services continued. The Indian 
brethren gave most of the talks on dif- 
ferent phases of Christian work. Sis- 
ter Shumaker presented a Bible lesson 
to the children, which was much ap- 
preciated by grown-ups as well as the 
little ones. Upon the children rests 
our largest hope for the future church. 
May they be well grounded in the 
truth of Christ and wisely trained for 
His service. The evening sermon, on 
" Closer Fellowship with Christ," by 
Bro. Royer, with Bro. Blough inter- 
preting, was a heart-searching message. 
We feel that many hearts were in- 
spired to seek that close fellowship of 
the inner circle of Christ's love. 

Wednesday morning District Meet- 
ing convened. Bro. I. S. Long was 
chosen moderator, Bro. J. I. Kaylor, 
English secretary, and Bro. Prema 
Ganesh, Gujarati secretary. Eleven 
Indian delegates, representing the 
churches and the missionaries, consti- 
tuted the voting body. 

There were no queries, but various 
reports were given. Bro. J. B. Emmert, 
our District Sunday-school Secretary, 
gave the report for 1913. There were 
forty-three Sunday-schools reported in 
our entire District, with a total enroll- 
ment of 1,380 and a total average at- 
tendance of 1,011. Over a thousand 
Sunday-school scholars being taught 
the Scriptures every Sunday gives us 
reason for thanksgiving. But we have 
not half reached the limit of the op- 
portunity, and Bro. Emmert made a 
telling appeal for more and better Sun- 
day-school work during the ensuing 
year. A committee of three Indian 

brethren was selected to work with the 
District Secretary for the advancement 
of Sunday-school work. 

A temperance committee, consisting 
of Bro. Stover and two Indian breth- 
ren, was also chosen. Rupees 1,007 
(about $336) was the total amount giv- 
en for the District Mission work. 

After a late noonday meal on 
Wednesday the Indian brethren and 
sisters went to their homes. The mis- 
sionaries remained until the end of the 
week for the final conference with the 
visiting elders. That night Sisters An- 
na Eby and Mary Royer came from 
Poona, and the number of our present 
mission family was complete. Twen- 
ty-eight missionaries, ten missionary 
children, and our two American visit- 
ors made up a company of forty. This 
is the first time for ten years that all 
of our missionaries have been able to 
meet. Sickness or urgent home duties 
always kept one or more away. This 
gave us reasons for thanksgiving for 
this rare privilege. Sister Quinter's 
place was vacant. Those on furlough 
were often remembered in prayer. 
When we come together in the Fa- 
ther's house our circle will be altogeth- 
er complete, with nothing to mar or 

Three full days were spent in con- 
ference, and the problems the India 
Mission has been facing were fully and 
freely discussed. Bro. Early gave us 
one heart-stirring sermon. Bro. Royer 
was to follow the next evening, but 
owing to the press of business we were 
deprived of this privilege. We felt the 
time was too short, but we trust that 
under the guidance of the Spirit this 
deputation visit may result in far-reach- 
ing good for our missions. 

About ten o'clock Feb. 21 Brethren 
Early and Rover sailed away from the 
shores of India. May the Lord speed 
them on their return to loved ones ! 
May the Spirit give wisdom and large- 
ness of vision and special discernment 


The Missionary Visitor 


as they bear to the home churches the 
burdens of our missions in Europe, 
China and India. 

Sixteen were baptized at Anklesvar 
?.t District Meeting time. The last 
Sunday in February three were bap- 
tized here, at Karadoho. 

Miss Stroud-Smith, who came to 
India about three months ago as Na- 
tional Organizer of W. C. T. U., passed 
away at Narsinghpur on Feb. 26. She 
had a severe kind of black measles and 
was taken away at the beginning of 
what seemed a promising work for 
India. Her death is a loss to all India, 
and especially to the W. C. T. U., that 
had counted much on her service. 

Brother and Sister Lichty have been 
pushing evangelistic work among the 
villages in their district. They have 
lately been camping at Undi, some fif- 
teen miles from their home. A num- 
ber in this village have been baptized, 
and a nucleus for a little church has 
been formed. We trust many more of 
the Bhils in Undi may be brought to 

Sisters Himmelsbaugh, Ziegler and 
Widdowson met with rather a painful 
accident a few weeks ago. They were 
returning from a village where they 
had had a meeting, when the bullock 
cart upset. They were badly bruised, 
but not seriously injured. 

A review of five years of education 
in India, recently published, shows that 
the percentage of children in school has 
increased from 14.8 to 17.7. The num- 
ber of students in college has doubled. 
Mr. Sharp, the compiler of this report, 
pays a high tribute to mission educa- 
tional work, and notes an increasing 
demand for religious instruction. It is 
the hope of all missionaries that educa- 
tion in India may count for more than 
intellectual progress. All the powers 
of body, mind and soul need to be de- 
veloped, in order to fit the ignorant 
classes for useful citizenship. 

The work in the Vada field is now 

carried on by five Indian workers. 
There are three mission schools. Bro. 
Ebey paid his regular monthly visit to 
these five sub-stations the last week of 
February, and found the workers en- 
couraged with the outlook. A resi- 
dent missionary and several more good 
teachers and efficient workers are need- 
ed effectively to occupy the field. Don't 
forget to pray for Vada, a fertile but 
neglected field. 

The world-wide growth of interest 
in the welfare of childhood is reaching 
the larger centers of India. Recently 
a movement has been inaugurated in 
Bombay, which promises good results. 
A special campaign for the improve- 
ment of child life is being made by in- 
structing mothers and midwives in re- 
gard to proper care of infants. It is 
the special aim to reach the native 
dais, or midwives, who are usually the 
sole attendants of the poorer women. 
By their ignorance the death of many 
a newborn child is caused. They are 
steeped in prejudice and superstition. 
To instruct, train and regulate them is 
no small task, but we hope the move- 
ment may extend beyond Bombay into 
the many country towns and villages. 
Surely this movement will help to al- 
leviate the suffering of Indian mothers 
in childbirth, and decrease the appall- 
ing infant mortality in this land. 

Suchalata Devi, a fourteen-year-old 
Brahmin girl of Calcutta, is said to 
have committed suicide in order to save 
her father from incurring a large debt 
to arrange for her marriage. When she 
learned that the old home was to be 
mortgaged she took a bottle of kero- 
sene and a box of matches, and late at 
night, retiring to the housetop, soaked 
her clothing in kerosene and set it 
afire. When she was discovered she 
was so badly burned she soon died. 
This event has caused considerable ag- 
itation in Indian circles, especially 
among the students of Calcutta. Large 
marriage dowries and great wedding 


The Missionary Visitor 


feasts and the consequent debts have marriage in which an immoderate 

broken up numerous homes in India dowry was required of the bride's fa- 

and destroyed the peace and joy of ^ er 

many others. A number of students 

took vows not to become a party in a Karadoho, via Dahanu, March 6. 


Anna N. Crumpacker 

WE are saddened as we think of 
a bit of history that China has 
made during this month. The 
matter of the state religion has been 
much discussed. The committee ap- 
pointed to discuss the bill on the wor- 
ship of heaven reported, " To offer sac- 
rifices to Heaven is an important pro- 
ceeding, having been an established 
custom for four thousand years and 
must continue forever." It is thought 
to endeavor to modify the worship in 
the light of modern changes and give 
it the stamp of propriety and repub- 
licanism. Heretofore the emperor did 
the worshiping for the entire coun- 
try, but now it is thought best to al- 
low all to participate. Special robes 
are to be prepared for the ceremony. 
However, when the mandate was is- 
sued, Feb. 8, it was announced that 
the president, as representative of the 
people, should offer a bullock to heav- 
en at the Temple of Heaven, making 
the " kowtow " on the day of the win- 
ter solstice. The civil governors may 
perform sacrifices in their various prov- 
inces. Twice a year the honors of 
Confucius are to be carried out at the 
temple dedicated to him. This also 
is to be done by the president. The 
local officials of the various places may 
show such honors or send substitutes 
as they like. At the schools it is op- 

tional whether such honors are to be 
shown or not, but if they choose to ob- 
serve them it should be on the day of 
the opening of the schools. 

As can be seen, one is free to wor- 
ship as he pleases, but how sad to 
think of the new republic trusting in 
such religion to' give them power as 
a people ! We wonder why it is so. 
Has the church of Jesus Christ been 
unable to meet its golden opportunity? 
When will the forces that make for 
eternal righteousness be ready to rule 
the world? 

The question of holidays is also be- 
ing discussed. There can be no ques- 
tion but that there was more celebra- 
tion of the Chinese New Year this year 
than there was last. These celebra- 
tions continue for more than two 
weeks. Various superstitions are con- 
nected with various days. There are 
days when a woman dare not use her 
needle or scissors, days when men 
must not shave, one day when they 
must not eat, etc., etc. Oh, the pity 
of it all ! Women almost starving, witl 
not a penny ahead, and the only wa) 
to make a living to use the needle, anc 
yet they fear to touch it ! Our lan- 
guage teacher, a man of education ii 
the Chinese estimation, was forbiddei 
by his wife to trim his finger nails oi 
these stated days ! 


The Missionary Visitor 


The currency problem is still a big 
one ; however, a bill has been passed 
deciding upon the kinds of coins to be 
used. Another loan has been secured, 
a part of the security being obtained 
upon the salt revenue. There are al- 
so movements on foot to develop some 
of the rich mineral wealth and oil 
fields of the country. Could the vast 
natural resources of China be devel- 
oped her wealth as a nation would be 

In this connection it may be of in- 
terest to the reader to know that the 
Brethren Mission in China is located 
in the region that, by many good au- 
thorities, is said to be the richest coal 
region in the world. Great strata of 
coal can be seen on the hillsides about 
us here. Many of the poor people get 
coal for the carrying of it. We pay 
about 98 cents gold a ton for coal. I 
believe the ones at Liao Hsien pay 
more. Bishop Bashford says that this 
region, where we now live, is destined 
within the next twenty-five years to 
be among the most densely-populated 
portions of China. May the Gospel get 
a firm hold on these people before the 
miners come in. 

The enrollment at the Boys' School 
at Ping Ting has passed the fifty mark, 
and several new pupils have been en- 
rolled at the Girls' School. The school- 
boy, Wang Tzi, who had been ill with 
appendicitis, is home again, and we are 
glad to see his smiling face. He is 
quite happy and seems well, though he 
has not regained his strength. An- 
other one of the boys, Chang Chieh 
Shis, is quite ill at present, but we hope 
he has made a change for the better. 
Though the health of the orphans in 
general is quite good, with such a large 
family of boys we have to spend a 
good deal of time nursing the sick. 
Several of the boys do not have a good 
physique. Perhaps by the time they 
have been properly fed as long as they 

suffered famine they will be strong 

The health of our mission family is 
quite good at present. Sister Horning 
was ill for several days, and was com- 
pelled to take a longer rest than she 
wanted to. She is optimistic, however, 
and we hope ere long she will be strong 
enough to do the many tasks that she 
sees need to be done. 

A special effort is being made among 
the women. Daily classes, to continue 
a month, were announced. Several had 
promised to come, but as yet they have 
not done so, except the opium refuge 
women and a few others whom we 
have directly associated with us. One 
woman, the wife of one of the helpers, 
for whom we had been working and 
praying for some time, and for whom 
we had great hopes that she would be- 
come a useful Christian woman, was 
taken sick and died after an illness of 
eight days. She leaves two dear little 
girls. The seclusion of the women 
here is something that few westerners 
can understand. The bound feet are 
typical of the bound lives that these 
poor women live. Many of them are 
very bright and learn readily. It is an 
inspiration to help them to learn to 

Not least among the difficulties that 
we have is finding suitable quarters, 
and in some cases any quarters in 
which to work. Renting is a most diffi- 
cult task. The Liao Station has been 
trying for some time to find a suitable 
preaching chapel in a more public 
place than where they now live, but 
nothing has been secured as yet. How 
we long for proper equipment for our 
work! At neither station do we have 
adequate quarters to seat those who 
come to hear the gospel story. We 
praise the Lord for the response that 
has already been found in the hearts of 
these people. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi Province. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Honor the Lord with thy substance, and 
with the firstfruits of all thine increase: so 
shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and 
thy presses shall burst out with new wine " 
(Prov. 3: 9, 10). 

We are pleased this month to offer 
to our readers a special issue of the 
Visitor, devoted to the subject of " Giv- 

♦ ■*■ * 

' Possibly there may be a few of the 
readers of these lines who will feel that 
the world is getting entirely too full of 
appeals for financial assistance. With 
our increase of prosperity there natural- 
ly come enlarged demands for wise ex- 
penditures for the assistance of others. 
Such a condition is absolutely natural. 
The Father, Who supplies our every 
heed with an open hand, also asks for 
His share of the increase. He knows 
full well, from the past experience of 
millions of His children, from creation's 
dawn until now, the disastrous effects 
of fortune's power when the possessor 
keeps all he makes and renders no fi- 
nancial worship to his Father and Cre- 
ator. We must expect additional calls 
from the world's unfortunate, as they 
are awakened to an increasing loath- 
someness to sin, and to a keen knowl- 
edge of their spiritual condition. The 
same Father Who allows the needs to 
be presented also supplies the additional 
funds with which to meet them. 

♦ 4* ^ 

There is another reason why we are 
glad to present an issue on this subject 
of giving, and that is because of the 
reason as presented in the scripture at 
the beginning of these editorial notes. 
We desire our readers to prosper. Time 
and again have we received testimonies 
as to the effect of tithing upon the pock- 
etbooks of our liberal brethren. Solo- 
mon is revered for his wisdom. We 

could reasonably suppose that since he 
lived in a land of " tithes and offerings," 
when he wrote the proverb to which we 
allude, he knew what he was talking 
about. Even big business is coming to 
feel that from a material standpoint it 
pays to rest one day in seven. Certainly 
one-tenth at least of our income will en- 
rich and flavor the other nine-tenths to 
our advantage, the same as the first day 
of the week increases the capacities and 
enriches the hours of the other six. . 

4* 4* * 

It was a pleasant experience to the 
General Mission Board at their meeting 
in Elgin on April 15 and 16 to have with 
them Brethren H. C. Early and Galen 
B. Royer, who have been spending sev- 
eral months in the foreign field. The 
experience they bring back with them, 
also their intimate knowledge of the 
field, gained at first hand, enabled the 
Board to deal much more efficiently with 
the foreign problems, now pressing, 
than they have been. able to do in the 
past. The observation of the brethren 
while abroad will assist the Board for 
years to come in ways both large and 
small, consciously and unconsciously, in 
the proper disposition of matters grave 
in importance to our foreign missions. 
4 1 - ♦ ♦ 

At this April meeting of the General 
Mission Board our dear brother, Eld. 
D. L. Miller, presented his resignation 
as chairman of the Board. The resig- 
nation was reluctantly accepted, only be- 
cause each member knew full well the 
physical condition of our dear brother, 
and they felt it an obligation upon them 
thus to receive him. Bro. Miller has 
served the mission interests of our 
church faithfully for thirty years. Dur- 
ing that time he has never missed a 
meeting of the Mission Board when in 
this country. His life has been in the 


The Missionary Visitor 


work, and his deepest interests and con- 
cern still remain there. As a testimony 
to the value of mission work and to the 
restraining power of Christ, it occurs to 
the editor that Bro. Miller's remarks up- 
on presenting his resignation are inef- 
faceable. He said his only regret was 
that he did not have another life of 
seventy years to contribute to the cause 
of missions. ■* ♦ •*• 

While the Board regrets to have Bro. 
Miller resign as chairman of the Board, 
she is glad to know that another is will- 
ing to assume the full responsibilities of 
the work. At this meeting Bro. H. C. 
Early was elected chairman and Bro. 
Chas. D. Bonsack vice-chairman. Bro. 
Early has been a member of the Board 
for thirteeen years and Bro. Bonsack 
for the last eight years. With them 
guiding the work we shall go forward 
to even greater victories. 

4«- ■*■ ♦ 

Dr. John R. Mott,. who last year vis- 
ited the nations of the East, says that 
from the time he landed in Ceylon until 
he left the Japanese islands there was 
one unbroken appeal for more mission- 
aries. What is thus expressed in gener- 
al is the same position as that in which 
our missionaries find themselves placed. 
Not only do they need additional work- 
ers to care for the stations already 
opened, two of which are now without 
resident missionaries, but much more 
when this need is supplied will they need 
workers to care for the new opportuni- 
ties that are daily becoming more insis- 
tent. Yet these calls go unheeded and 
our missionaries continue to be over- 
worked to the limit of their physical en- 
durance. ♦$<■ * 4* 

Another need, as agreed upon by all 
Christian workers abroad, is that every 
one sent out by the Christian churches 
shall have a clear Christlike missionary 
message and shall be filled with the 
Holy Spirit and with power. Neither 
our men, our contributed means, our 

machinery, nor our most solid organi- 
zation can convert the world to Jesus 
Christ. It is the power of God that pro- 
duces the results. Spiritual men are 
sadly needed by every Missionary 
Board. Better, far better, to send no 
missionaries to the field than to send 
those who have doubts or unsettled con- 
victions on the Deity of Christ, the final 
authority of the Bible as a safe rule of 
faith and practice, the reality of the 
power of prayer, and the necessity of 
regeneration. Workers of this charac- 
ter can supply an intellectual civiliza- 
tion, but they cannot do otherwise than 
undermine the spiritual successes of the 
missionaries of the past. They can but 
undo the victories so dearly purchased 
by the life blood of Spirit-filled men. 

•* * ♦*■ 

Much has been said regarding the 
guilt and stain attaching to* England be- 
cause of her compelling China to- re- 
ceive the opium she has raised in India. 
And stain it is and has been. But En- 
gland is now studiously preparing to 
rid herself of this stigma, and China is 
exerting herself to rid her people of the 
desolation wrought by England's im- 
posed curse. We are glad for such news 
from England, showing her interest in 
this cause, even at this late date. 
However much we may rejoice over En- 
gland's adopted course, we must not 
condemn her unless we would be de- 
clared the more guilty. We are heath- 
enizing China at the present time our- 
selves, by the millions of cigarettes be- 
ing poured into iier land. We are told 
that American tobacco companies have 
flooded China with sample cigarettes at 
a cost of upwards of $5,000,000, 
and multitudes are rapidly acquiring the 
habit. We give her cigarettes. Medical 
men say she is giving us opium. We 
exchange curses. It is high time for us 
to Christianize China, in order that she 
may assist in more fully Christianizing 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


In the April Visitor, under China Orphanage, 
the amount credited to Loyal Class, Middle- 
bury Sunday-school, 111., should be credited to 
Indiana instead of Illinois. 

Also, under Sunday-school Extension, Indi- 
ana, the amounts credited to Cherry Grove and 
Lamotte Prairie should appear under Illinois 
instead of under Indiana. 

In the March Visitor under "World-wide the 
$7 credited to Canada, Geo. Hollenberg\ should 
have been credited to Sharon Sunday-school. 
■* ♦> ♦ 

During the month of March the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 186,621 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following dona- 
tions during the month of March: 

Pennsylvania — $129.48. 
Western District, Congregation. 

Manor, $ 23 00 


Reiman, Brothers Valley Congrega- 
tion, 25 70 


Joseph Beam, 33 cents; Sister J. B. 

Spangler, $1, 133 

Middle District. 

Hollidaysburg Mission, 10 00 


J. R. Davis, 50 cents; I. B. Rep- 
logle, $1.20; Hanna A. Buck, $3; 
Aaron Teeter, $2; Samuel Snider, $3, 9 70 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. T. Myers, $5; Mrs. Emanuel R. 

Zug, $1; John M. Miller, $1, 7 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Bertha A. Palmer, 25 cental D. H. 
Baker (marriage notices), $1; J. H. 
Brindle (marriage notice), 50 cents; A 

sister, $50; An individual, $1, 52 75 

Iowa— $95.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek, i 3 50 


E. C. Witmer and wife, $7*; J. W. 
Brubaker (marriage notice), 50 cents; 

N. W. Miller, $6 80 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

C. B. Rowe (marriage notices), ... 100 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River 10 00 

Indiana — $88.84. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Union, $7.20; Bethel, $4.12; Middle- 
bury, $4.19; Rock Run, $4.27; Maple, 

$8.10; Pleasant Valley, $7.92, 35 80 


J. M. Markley (marriage notice), 50 
cents; A Brother and Sister, Goshen, 

$10 10 50 

Middle District. 

In Memory of Loved Ones, Pipe 

Creek Congregation, 15 00 


Eel River, $9; Burnetts Creek, $4.54, 13 54 


E. C. Cox, $1; Lewis J. Overholser 
and wife, $2; Emma Pair, $1; " K. 

K." $10 14 00 

Virginia — $78.45. 
First District. 

H. H. Pownell (marriage notice), 50 
cents; John W. Jamison, $1, 1 50 

Unknown 5 00 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Linville Creek 5 00 


P. H. Myers, deceased, $5 0; P. S. 
Thomas, $1.50; Mrs. J. N. Huffman, 

$1 52 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Germantown, 12 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

B. P. A. Mvers. 25 cents; Ella L. 

Myers, $1; S. A. Sanger, $1.20 2 45 

Ohio— -$72.20. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek, , 3 00 


Eliza Bender 5 20 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

. North Bend, Danville congregation, 10 00 


Geo. H. Irvin 40 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Eversole, 4 00 


J. E. N 10 00 

Idaho — $41.70. 

Anetta C. Mow, $40; R. A. Orr, 
$1.20; B. J. Fike (marriage notice), 50 

cents 41 70 

Illinois — $39.06. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Cherry Grove, $12.54; Waddams 
Grove. $1, 13 54 

Individuals of Pine Creek Congre- 
gation 8 00 


Clara Holsinger, $1; Rebecca Stauf- 

fer, $1, 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Frank Etnoyer, $5; Mary E. Elarm, 
$1; Mary S. Danner. $2.02; Elizabeth 
Gergen, $1; A. L. Turner and wife, 
$5; Mrs. J. M. Masterson (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; Geo. W. ■ Miller, 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Fannie 
Bucher (marriage notice). 50 cents, 15 52 

Colorado — $30.56. 

Rocky Ford, 29 5 6 


Homer Ullom (marriage notices), . 1 00 

Kansas — $28.35. 
Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Sarah Horting. $3; T. E. George 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 3 50 

Northeastern District. 

A Young Sister, $10; Willis B. 
Devilbiss (marriage notices), $1, ... 11 00 

Southwest District, Sunday-school. 

Larned 13 85 

Nebraska — $20.OO. 

D. E. Price 20 00 

Maryland — $18.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Beaver Creek 10 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Woodberry 6 00 


Union Bridge, Pipe Creek Congre- 
gation 2 00 

Tennessee — $17.00. 

Will C. Young, $15; Mrs. L. C. Klap- 

per, $2 17 00 

North Dakota, — $15.50. 

A Brother, $10; A Sister. $5; A. H. 
Blocher (marriage notice), 50 cents, 15 50 

Denmark — $14.39. 

Churches of Denmark, 14 39 

Wisconsin — $8.50. 

Amos Swartv 8 50 

Michigan — $6.60. 
Christian Workers. 

Riverside 1 60 


Herbert and Opha Morehouse 5 00 

West Virginia — -$6.00* 
First District. 

Joseph Rembold, German Settle- 
ment, Maple Spring Congregation, $5; 
Anna F. Sanger, $1, 6 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


California — $6.00. 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Edmund Forney, $3; Elizabeth For- 
ney. $3 6 00 

Mis s our i— -$5. O. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary Eshelman 5 00 

■Washington — $2.00. 

G. W. Buntain (marriage notice). 
50 cents: W. A. Deardorff (marriage 

notice). 50; Mollie Pearson, $1 2 00 

New Mexico — $1.07. 

Miami 1 07 

Louisiana— Si. 20. 

W. B. Woodard 120 

Oklahoma — $1.00. 

Raula Snider, 1 00 

Oreg-on — $0.50. 

Thomas Barklow (marriage notice), 50 

Unknown — $2.00. 

Unknown, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 728 40 

Indiana — $22.28. 

Northern District. 

A Brother and Sister $ 10 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Flora 10 28 


Lewis J. Overholser and wife 2 00 

North Dakota. — $10.00. 

A Brother. $5; A. E. Hecker, $5, ... 10 00 

Illinois — $2.75. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

A. L. Turner and wife, $2.50; Mary 

S. Danner, 25 cents, 2 75 

Pennsylvania — -S2.C0. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Deamersville 2 00 

California — $1 .30, 

Southern District, Sundav-school. 

Egan, 1_30 

Total for the month, $ 38 33 

Illinois — $28.35. 

Northern District, Sundav-school. 

Bethel, $ S 35 

Christian Workers. 

Sterling 20 00 

Indiana — $21,82. 

Middle District, Sundav-school. 

Flora, . 19 82 


Lewis J. Overholser and wife, 2 00 

Ohio — $20.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school.. 

Upper Stillwater 20 00 

Kansas — S1O.0O. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Ella E. Greenough 10 00 

Virginia— -$4.25. 
Second District. 

Intermediate Class, Beaver Creek 
Sunday-school 4 25 

Total for the month '. F S4~42 

Iowa — $125.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

B. F. Buckingham $ 125 00 

Colorado — $50.00. 


Sterling, 50 00 

Pennsylvania-— $50.00. 
Western District. 

Willing Workers Class, Pike Sun- 
day School, Brothers "Valley Congre- 
gation 25 0:0 

Southern District. 

Me chanicsburg Sunday-school 
Christian Workers, Aid Society, and 

Missionary Committee, Dower Cum- 
berland Congregation 25 00 

Ohio — $42.50. 
"Northwestern District. 

Greenspring Endeavor Society, 

Greenspring Sunday-school 12 50 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Wooster, 30 00 

Indiana — $31.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Turkey Creek 6 25 


Theron G. Weaver and wife, 25 00 

Illinois — $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Leonard F. Mattox, 25 00 

Virginia— -$25.0O. 
Second District. 

Earnest Workers Class, Mill Creek 

Congregation 25 00 

California — $20.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Oak Grove 13 75 

Southern District. 

Elementary Department Pasadena 

Sunday-school 6 25 

Nebraska — $2.00. 

Susie McLellan, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 370~75 


In dian a — $8.00. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Lewis J. Overholser and wife, .... 2 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Ollie Lester Cross, 1 00 

Penn sylvania — $2.00. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

John S. and Caroline Baker 2 00 

Total for the month $ 10 00 

Iowa — $4.25. 

Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class, Panther Creek 
Sunday-school 4 25 

Total for the month $ 4 25 


North Dakota — $20.12. 

Egeland, - $ 10 12 


A Brother. $5; A. E. Hecker, $5, ... 10 00 

California — $1 7.00. 
Southern District Congregation. 

Santa Ana 17 00 

In diana — $1 3.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister 10 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Lewis J. Overholser and wife, $2; 

Etta Ebbinghouse, $1, 3 00 

Pennsylvania— -$8.50. 
Western District, Individuals. 

Susan Rouser, Dunnings Creek. $5; 
John R. Berg. Jacobs Creek, $1.50, . . 6 50 

Middle District. 

Junior Aid Society, Leamersville 

Congregatfon 2 00 

Missouri — S5.95. 
Middle District. 

Young People's Mission Class, .... 5 95 

Illinois — $3.32. 
Southern District, Individual^. 

A. L. Turner and wife. Cerro Gordo, 
$2.50; Mary S. Danner, 82 cents, .... 332 

Total for the month $ «7~89 

Pennsylvania — $54.00. 
Southern District. 

Mechanicsburg S u n d a y-s c hool. 
Christian Workers, Aid Society and 
Missionary Committee, Lower Cum- 
berland $ 44 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ephrata, 10 00 

Indiana — $20.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

New Salem, 20 00 

California — $11.65. 
Southern District. 

Young People's Class, Santa Ana 

Sunday-school, 10 00 


Merrel Q. Calvert, 1 65 

Montana — $8.00. 

Boys' and Girls' Mission Band, 

Froid, 9 00 


"Willing Workers Class, Twin Falls 

Sunday-school 6 00 

Ohio— -$6.0O. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Silver Creek, i 6 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 11165 

India — $78.72. 

Northern District. 

Union Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers of Goshen, Elkhart and 

South Bend, .' $ 19 51 


A Brother and Sister 5 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Dale, 29 05 


Pipe Creek 25 16 

Illinois— $5.11. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Douglas Park, Chicago, 5 11 

Michigan — $5.00^ 

Martin Hardman. $4; Deland, Ruth 

and Joseph Van Dyke, $1, 5 00 

Colorado — $4.29. 

Primary Department, Rocky Ford 

Sunday-school „ 4 29 

Virginia — $2.00. 
Northern District. 

Sister Kizzie Hay's Class, Linville 
Sunday-school 2 00 

Total for the month $ 95 12 

Indiana — $34.05. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, $ 5 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Dale 29 05 

Virginia — $7.25. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Manassas, 7 25 

Pennsylvania— $5.27. 
Middle District. 

Primary Class, Fairview Sunday- 
school, $1.20; Junior Class, Fairview 

Sunday-school, $2.07 3 27 


John S. and Caroline Baker, 2 00 

Colorado — $4.30. 

Primary Department, Rocky Ford 
Sunday-school, 4 30 

Total for the month, $ 5 87 

Indiana — $15.00, 


James H. Thomas, $ 15 00 

Illinois — $2.00. 

Individuals. ~" 

Ira Butterbaugh and wife, 2 00 

Pennsylvania. — $2.00. 

John S. and Caroline Baker, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 19 00 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, $ 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 


North Dakota — $5.00. 

A. E. Hecker, $ 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 


Pennsylvania — $2.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John S. and Caroline Baker, $ 2 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 


California — $3.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mary Crites, $1; Francie Crites, $1; 

Hazel Crites, $1, $ 3 00 

Total for the month $ 3 00 


Pennsylvania — $2. CO. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John S. and Caroline Baker $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 


Indiana* — S9.25. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Eel River $ 9 25 

Total for the month, $ 9 25 

FERENCE, 1914. 

(Continued from Page 183.) 

them to the homeland the great burn- 
ing mission question: "What can we 
do for the non-Christian world? " 

During the conference with the 
brethren, we wondered how soon 
again two would be sent to visit the 
mission fields, and we quietly breathed 
the prayer to the great God of all true 
mission work, that it might not be 
very long. Yet, we bide His own time. 

While the brethren were with us, 
they preached to our congregations in 
the vernacular, by means of interpret- 
ers. They talked to groups of non- 
Christians in the same way. As years 
ago, Bro. D. L. Miller, while here, pre- 
sided at our committee sessions of that 
day, so now Bro. Early presided at 
our committee sessions, in which both 
brethren were present with us. We 
like it so. We think it as important 
that we know how you do it, as that 
you know how we do it. We want to 
work harmoniously in everything, and 
to the greatest good for the greatest 
number. These pages but poorly ex- 
press our appreciation of the coming 
of the brethren. 

Our Force of Foreign Workers 

(Mail addressed to them at the addresses given will reach them safely.) 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dlst., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R ■ Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, I1L 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough) 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R, R., India 

Heisey, Herman B., 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Heisey, Grace 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J., ... .Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A. Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Miller, Sadie J. Vyara, Surat Dist, India 

Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florenc : B. (on furlough), ... . Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough) Mt. Vernon. Missouri 

Royer, B. Mary Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Ross, Mrs A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickoy 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 


Blough, Anna M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, "Winnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Homing, Emma Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao, Hsien, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Van man, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Buckingham, Ida, Frilsgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. Frilsgatan No. 2, Malm», Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Frilsgatan No. 2, MalmO. Sweden 


Wine, A. F Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

For India, we solicit donations for the following funds: General, Train- 
ing Department, Boarding-school, Orphanage, Native Workers, Native 
Schools, Widows' Home, Industrial, Loan Fund, and Hospital Fund. 

For China, we solicit donations for the following funds: General Work, 
Native Workers, Orphanage and Hospital. 

Supports of orphans, in India, $20 per year; in China, $22 per year. 

Native workers, in either field, $60 per year. 

Boarding-school scholars, in India, $25 per year. 

We shall be glad to correspond with any one with re- 
spect to the support of our workers in each of the fields 


How Much? SIX PER CENT! 



"I WILL INVESTIGATE." So says our clear-headed financier who is 
seeking for a place to invest his money, so that it may bring forth the greatest 
returns for the investment made, at the same time combining promptness 
of dividends, safety of principal and assurance of permanent investment. 

The WISE BUSINESS MAN cares for all these things, for he knows 
that the time will come when it will not be so easy for him to make money, 
and he desires OLD AGE TO BE FULL OF JOYS for himself. 

The WISE CHRISTIAN MAN looks for even more than this in his 
investments. He seeks for a place that will be safe for his funds and at the 
same time a place wherein his money will be doing good for his Lord. 


The following letter, in part, written some time ago to one of our sisters 
who had some funds to invest, will explain some of the advantages of our 
annuity plan (and the sister invested the funds): 

"Now, Sister , the advantages which are foremost in 

the annuity plan are these: 

"1. Money placed with us bears no taxes. Since you are 45 
years of age we will pay you five per cent on any amount that you 
turn in to us. This five per cent will be clear to you. (If the sis- 
ter had been past 50 years of age we would have allowed her six 
per cent. The General Mission Board so decided at their meet- 
ing of April 9, 1913.) 

"2. The money is placed exactly where you wish it to go, and 
long after you are gone it will still go on bearing interest and do- 
ing good for the Master. You will thus become your own ex- 

"3. There is no worry about the investment. The interest 
comes to you regularly on the first days of January and July of 
each year. We have never been late in sending out our annuities 
from the office and to our knowledge do not have a dissatisfied 
annuitant. The Board's permanent resources of over $800,000 are 
behind the investment of your money. 

"4. You can figure definitely on the amount of interest money 
you will receive and can depend on the date when it will arrive. 

"After reading the above and carefully considering the mat- 
ter, if you at any time wish to place money with us please write 
and tell us the amount you wish to give (also the exact age should 
be given), and when you can send the amount and we will issue 
you our annuity bonds. We will send them to you and if, after 
careful investigation, you do not like them, return to us and no 
harm is done. If you like them, sign them both, return to us the 
one so marked, along with your check and all will be correctly 

The way to invest your money safely is easy. Just write to us. We 
will do the same for YOU as we have for this sister, if you desire 


Address, GENERAL MISSION BOARD, Elgin, Illinois 

Vol. XVI :: No. 6 


JUNE, 19 14 

Missionary \T isitor 



Reading from left t'o right: Mary Emmert, Lloyd Emmert, Magdalene Long, Albert Long, Helen Stover, 
Daniel Stover, Lois Ebey, Esther Long, Ada Ebey, Anna Emmert 

.*. .-. .'. FOR 1913 .'. /. .'. 

The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for June, 1914 


Force of Missionaries, 3 

Signs of Times, Finances, Endowments, Partners in World-Wide Work, 
District Missionary Secretaries, General Information, 4 

Our Foreign Fields: 

Denmark, 11 

Sweden, 12 

China, 13 

Liao Hsien Station (14), Ping Ting Hsien (16). 

India, 22 

A Foreword (22), Ahwa (23), Anklesvar (27), Bulsar (31), Dahanu 
(46), Jalalpor (50), Pimpalner (53), Vada (55), Vali (59), 
Vyara (64), Miscellaneous (68). 

Financial, the Various Funds, 72 

Auditors' Report, 88 

Gish Publishing Fund, 91 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. ^™„ m „„„„ f . r .-...^ ^ . ____.-*%» 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscrip- 
tions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinue! at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 


Annual Report 







D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 111. 

Life Advisory Member 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Va. 


Charles D. Bonsack, New Windsor, Md. 


Otho Winger, North Manchester, Ind. 


J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 


Galen B. Royer, Elgin, 111. 


President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Va. 

Vice-President, Charles D. Bonsack, 
New Windsor, Md. 

Sec.-Treas., Galen B. Royer, Elgin, 111. 

Asst. Sec., J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, 111. 

fl Head Office, Elgin, 111. Regular meetings of the 
Board are held, unless otherwise ordered, on the third 
Wednesday of April, August and December. 

Annual Report 


Below may be found a list of the missionaries, with their addresses, and time of 
entering the service, who are at present serving under the direction of the General 
Mission Board: 


Arnold, S. Ira, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Anklesvar, B. B. C. 

I. R. R., 1913 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1903 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. 

R., 1903 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, B. B. 

C. I. R R, 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., 1913 

Ebey, Adam, Karadoho, via Dahanu, 

B. B. C. I. R. R, 1900 

Ebey, Alice K., Karadoho, via Dahanu, 

B. B. C. I. R. R., 1900 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist, 1902 

Emmert, Gertrude R, Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist., 1904 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 1904 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 

3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111., 1904 
Eby, Anna M., Vada, Thana Dist, ...1912 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. 

C. I. R R, 1908 

Heisey, Herman B. (on furlough), 507 

E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa., 1912 

Heisey, Grace (on furlough), 507 E. 

Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 1912 

Holsopple, Q. A., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R., Bulsar, B. B. 

C. I. R. R, 1911 

Kaylor, John I., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 

via Bilimora, 1911 

Kaylor, Rosa, Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 

via Bilimora, 1911 

Lichty, Daniel J., Umalla Village, B. 

B. C. I. R R, via Anklesvar, 1902 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, 1903 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., 1903 

Long, Effie V., Vyara, Surat Dist., . . . 1903 
Miller, Eliza B., Umalla Village, B. B. 

C. I. R. R, via Anklesvar, 1900 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., ...1903 
Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough), Pleas- 
ant Hill, Ohio, 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B. (on furlough), 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio, ._. 1904 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough), Mt. 
Vernon, Mo., 1906 

Royer, B. Mary, Vada, Thana Dist., ..1913 
Ross, A. W. (on furlough), Kearney, 

Nebr., care of A. J. Nickey, . . '. 1904 

Ross, Mrs. A. W. (on furlough), Kear- 
ney, Nebr., care of A. J. Nickey, . . 1904 
Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 

R. R, 1894 

Stover, W. B., Mrs., Anklesvar, B. B. 

C. I. R. R., 1894 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, 1910 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. 
R. R, 1908 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, ..1913 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Hsien, Shansi, 1911 
Bright, Minnie, Liao Hsien, Shansi, 1911 
Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Hsien, 

Shansi, 1913 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Hsien, 

Shansi, 1913 

Crumpacker, F. H., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1908 

Crumpacker, Anna N., Ping Ting 

Hsien, Shansi, 1908 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Hsien, Shansi, ..1911 
Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1908 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Hsien, Shansi, 1911 
Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1910 

Vaniman, -Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1913 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, 

Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting 

Hsien, Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting 

Hsien, Shansi, 1913 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1913 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1911 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1911 

Wine, A. F., Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aal- 

borg, 1913 

Wine, Attie C, Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aal- 

borg, 1913 

Annual Report 



In presenting this report to our beloved Brotherhood, at this time, we do so, 
deeply conscious of the overshadowing love of our Father in heaven, Who has so 
abundantly blessed the work which has been committed to our hands. To Him we 
owe our gratitude for whatever good has been done. 

We also desire to record our appreciation for the generous response in prayer, 
offerings and sympathy that has been accorded our work by you, our dear brethren 
and sisters. Each year the spirit of missions seems more thoroughly to permeate the 
warp and woof of our Brotherhood, and the advance steps that must be taken, con- 
stantly meet with an increased liberality on your part. Without such a substantial 
expression of approval our work would be seriously handicapped. With your response 
to our needs, and with the assurance of God's guidance, we can go forward. Whatever 
achievements have been made, whatever battles have been won, whatever breastworks 
of Satan have fallen before us, can be traced directly to the strength and guidance 
received from Him Who doeth all things well. To Him be all the praise. 


The progress of missions in this period of the world's history is unequalled, we 
are led to believe, by anything that has heretofore happened in the world. The thirst 
for spiritual enlightenment is alive in every land. The non-Christian world situation 
at the present time is one of eager yearning on the part of its population for something 
which they do not have, and which, under their present organization and training, 
they cannot hope to possess. As the greatest forces for good on the morrow in our 
own country are to be found in the ranks of our students of today, so with deep 
concern we investigate the student thought and life of other nations to catch a glimpse 
of what may happen in those nations when these young people have come into their 
own generation of affairs. 

Dr. John R. Mott, who, in 1913, returned from a visit to the non-Christian countries 
of the East, made in the interests of the Continuation Committee of the World 
Missionary Conference, says in his report, made at the Student Volunteer Convention 
at Kansas City in January last: "There have been times when the opportunity in some 
one part of the world was as wonderful as now; but there never has been a time when, 
in Far East, in Near East, in southern Asia, in all parts of Africa, in the East Indian 
Island World, in many parts of Latin America, as well as Latin Europe and Greek 
Europe, doors were simultaneously as wide open as they are before the forces of the 
Christian religion today." 

The students of every land where we have established missions are awakened with 
a new and irresistible power. Their influence will awaken the young people of our 
mission fields and create in them the thirst for knowledge. If it is within our power 
adequately to supply the demands of these students to be, and direct their efforts in 
the " ways of the Lord," we shall do well. If we rise to meet the emergency of this 
world-situation, and meet it effectively in our own territories, we shall assist in the 
solution of the great problem of world evangelization and the fulfillment of our Lord's 
last great and emphatic command. 


As the year began, devastating floods swept over a portion of Ohio and Indiana, 
leaving wreck, ruin and heavy loss in their wake. Our Brotherhood responded nobly 
in assisting to alleviate the suffering of the unfortunate. Serious drouth cut the crops 
extremely short in large areas of our country, thus creating a shortage of produce 

Annual Report 5 

that affected our people. These unfortunate conditions, along with the general 
slowness of financial affairs in the country, joined to make means scarce; but through 
it all there has been a healthy increase in offerings to our work. 

The following summary of receipts and expenditures, gathered from the properly 
audited financial statement which appears at the close of this report, will express in few 
words a history of our actual receipts and expenditures. These figures, shorn of 
transfers and reinvestments of money previously in our hands, show clearly just 
what came in to us, as new funds, and the actual expense of our work. They take 
into consideration no loans made or paid off during the year, nor of balances in our 
hands when the year began or closed: 

Brief Statement of New Funds and Comparison with Last Year. 

(Condensed from Financial Reports in June Visitors, 1913 and 1914.) 


1912-1913 1913-1914 Increase 

Donations to Board funds, reported in Visitor, $35,431 17 $45,735 89 $10,304 72 

Specials, Denver, Chicago Extension, flood sufferers, 

Church extension, refund to World-Wide, etc., . . 8,591 92 7,677 28 914 64* 

Special supports, native workers, transmission, etc., 17,312 62 16,988 79 323 83* 
Income endowment, earnings, Pub. House and bank 

account, 39,506 83 37,009 41 2,497 42* 

Totals received for mission work, $100,842 54 $107,411 37 $ 6,568 83 

Endowment received, all funds, 36,684 22 42,920 25 6,236 03 

Note. — The total receipts for mission work, less special funds, for the year amount 
to $99,734.09. 


1912-1913 1913-1914 Increase 

World-Wide, annuities, etc., $47,916 23 $41,542 93 $ 6,373 30* 

India, 34,773 61 39,265 58 4,491 97 

China, -12,658 52 16,752 49 4,093 97 

Denmark and Sweden, 2,236 06 4,717 13 2,48107 

Church extension, loans made, 5,350 00 5,350 00* 

Special funds, Denver, Chicago extension, flood suf- 
ferers, etc., 7,667 49 3,996 23 3,671 26* 

Totals $110,601 91 $106,274 36 $ 4,327 55 


Note. — The total expenditures for mission work, less special funds, for the year 
amount to $102,278.13. 

The expense of the General Mission Board, in attendance at the regular meetings, 
salaries of the office force, expense of traveling secretaries, postage, stationery and 
general expense of all kinds, amount approximately to five cents of each dollar 
donated. Compared with the expenses of other Mission Boards our cost of administra- 
tion is extremely low. The other ninety-five cents of each dollar is thus available for 
the demands made upon the Board. 

Barring consideration of the special funds committed to our hands, such as the 
Denver Colored Work, Chicago Sunday-school Extension Work, flood sufferers, etc., 
for which special canvasses were made, it will be seen, from this report, that our 

6 Annual Report 

receipts for this year were $99,734.09, as against $92,250.46 last year; and our expendi- 
tures were $102,278.13, as against $97,584.42 last year; thus, while our expenditures for 
the year increased $4,693.71 over last year, our receipts increased $7,483.63 during the 
same period. However, inasmuch as a considerable portion of the increase came 
through special supports of workers, special calls for definite objects, like the China 
Boys' School, for which over $5,000 was raised, it comes about that our balance of 
$13,260.19 in the World-wide fund at the beginning of the year is reduced to $7,593.69 
at its close; and this in spite of the fact that $3,284.23, overdrawn from the World-wide 
account in last year's books by the Church Extension fund, was replaced this year by 
payments of loans. 

We make this rather detailed statement in order that you may see the exact con- 
dition of our finances. There has been a healthy tone of giving to our work, through- 
out the year. Our Conference offering last year was the largest, directly for mis- 
sionary work, in our history; almost all of our foreign workers are under special sup- 
port; calls are constantly coming in for assignments of orphans, native workers and 
boarding-school scholars for support, and there is a very healthy sentiment alive in 
all parts of the church to care for definite lines of missionary endeavor, in which the 
individual feelings of the donors may enter largely into the spirit of the gifts. Such 
calls for definite work are very gratifying to us, because it links up an increasing 
number of our Sunday-schools, Christian Workers, Aid Societies, congregations, in- 
dividuals and other organizations with our foreign work. But in addition to these lines 
of endeavor, the fact remains that the budget of the Board, which must be met from 
the World-wide fund, is annually on the increase. These conditions must be faced. 
The outlook is hopeful. Our brethren have never allowed the cause to suffer, and we 
make mention of this at this time only in order that offerings may never be diverted 
from this general fund under the impression that money is not needed there. 

We believe that a systematic method of weekly giving, proportionate as the Lord 
Vas prospered us, would not only care for our missionary wants, but, with the increas- 
ing demand upon us, there would be " bread and to spare " in our treasury. We there- 
fore commend the Conference plan of 1911 to our churches for their consecrated con- 


Not a small amount of comfort is afforded us from the satisfied brethren and 
sisters who have deposited their funds with us and are enjoying an annuity on the 
same during their lifetime. The lowering of the age limit of the donor, for six per 
cent on funds, from sixty years to fifty, apparently has directed the attention of many 
careful investors towards our work. From them we may expect donations in the 
future. The following is a statement of the amounts paid out by our Board in annuities 
since the plan was inaugurated: 

1897 ..- $ 1,501.76 1906 $13,248.00 

1898 4,081.49 1907 15,073.63 

1899 4,889.61 1908 15,813.66 

1900 5,536.77 1909 15,802.93 

1901 , 7,111.92 1910 17,513.69 

1902 8,097.74 1911 19,255.82 

1903 10,204.24 1912 21,320.15 

1904 11,560.26 1913 23,621.71 

1905 12,871.08 

Total- $207,504.46 

Annual Report 7 


The following is a list of organizations and individuals who are supporting or 
assisting in the support of missionaries laboring under our Board. While preference 
is always given in support to those who are especially related to the missionary through 
ties of home congregation or District, yet where these do not desire to, or are not in a 
position to take up the support, we are always willing to assign the workers to whomso- 
ever may wish to care for them. We invite correspondence on this subject at all times. 

Sunday-Schools by Districts. 
California, Southern, Sister Gertrude Emmert, India. 
Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Indiana, Northern, Sisters Mary Stover, India, and Winnie Cripe, China. 
Indiana, Middle, Sister Rosa W. Kaylor, India. 
Iowa, Middle, Brother S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Ohio, Southern, Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India, and J. Homer Bright, China. 
Pennsylvania, Eastern, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 
Pennsylvania, Middle, Brother Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Pennsylvania, Western, Sisters Ida C. Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India. 
Virginia, Northern, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 
Virginia, First and Southern, Sister Rebecca J. Wampler. 

Congregations by Districts. 
Kansas, Southwestern and Southern Colorado, Brother and Sister F. H. Crum- 
packer, China. 

Nebraska, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 

North Dakota (was supporting) Brother Geo. W. Hilton and family, China. 

Virginia, Second, Northern and Eastern, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Individual Sunday-Schools. 
Altoona, Pa., Brother H. B. Heisey, when in India. 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Sister Emma Horning, China. 
Dallas Center, Iowa, partial support, Sister Minerva Metzger, China. 
English River, Iowa, Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Flora, Bachelor Run, Howard, Upper and Lower Deer Creek, Ind., Dr. O. G. 
Brubaker and family, China. 

Mt. Morris, 111., Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 

Individual Congregations. 
Antietam, Pa., Sister Nora Lichty, India. 
Bear Creek, Ohio, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 
Coon River, Iowa, Sister Elizabeth M. Arnold, India. 

Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, Cal., Brother Ernest Vaniman, China. 
Pipe Creek, Md., Brother Wilbur B. Stover, India. 

Peach Blossom, Md., two-thirds support, Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. 
. Quemahoning, Pa., Brother Q. A. Holsopple, India. 
Salem, Ohio, Sister J. Homer Bright, China. 

Shade Creek and Scalp Level, Pa., Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 
Tulpehocken, Pa., Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Other Organizations. 

Botetourt Men's Missionary Circle, Va., Brother A. W. Ross and family, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Brother D. J. Lichty, India. 

Metzger China Fund, individuals giving partial support for Sister Minerva Metzger, 

Oiler Memorial Fund, Sisters Kathren Holsopple and Florence B. Pittenger, India. 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, Huntingdon, Pa., Brother 
J. M. Blough, India. j 

8 Annual Report 


Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenaman, Lordsburg, Cal., Brother J. I. Kaylor, India. 
In addition to these, as listed, a few others have signified their intention of taking 
up the support of additional workers, but as yet they are unassigned to them. 

Movements of New Workers. 

All of the missionaries, approved at Winona Lake last year, have reached the 
fields of their choice and are busily engaged with the language. Brother and Sister 
A. F. Wine and family left as soon after Conference as possible for Denmark. After 
carefully surveying the field they located for language study at Aalborg. Sister Ida 
Buckingham, in September, reached Malmo, Sweden, and is assisting in the mission 
work in that field. She sees much to do and rejoices that she has been called forth. 
Sept. 29 our China party sailed from Seattle. The party consisted of Dr. O. G. Bru- 
baker and wife, Dr. Fred 'J. Wampler and wife, Bro. Ernest Vaniman and wife and 
Sister Anna V. Blough, new workers, Sister Emma Horning, returning to the field, 
and Eld. H. C. Early. They reached China in the early part of November. Dr. Bru- 
baker's were assigned to Liao Hsien, while the others remain at Ping Ting Hsien. 
About Nov. 1 our India party, consisting of Brother and Sister S. Ira Arnold, Drs. A. 
Raymond and Laura Cottrell and Sister B. Mary Royer, sailed from New York, reaching 
their field about Dec. 1. Brother and Sister Arnold are located at Anklesvar and Drs. 
Cottrell at Bulsar. Sister Royer is studying the language for the present, but we are 
uninformed as to where her permanent location will be. 

Movements of Old Workers. 

Soon after the beginning of the year, Brother and Sister I. S. Long and family 
returned to India and took charge of the work at Vyara. In September Brother and 
Sister Wilbur B. Stover, with their two younger children, returned to India to take 
up duties at Anklesvar. Their three elder children, Emmert, Miriam and James, 
remained in this country to continue their education. From India there returned to this 
country on furlough, Bro. A. W. Ross and family, Bro. J. M. Pittenger and family and 
Sister Josephine Powell. After a period of service in India, prolonged because of the 
scarcity of workers to man their stations, these brethren and sisters were sorely in 
need of rest and a change of climate. Bro. E. H. Eby's remain in this country because 
of health conditions, but hope to return to India this coming autumn. 

Sister Minna M. Heckman, widow of Bro. B. F. Heckman, with her two children, 
came home from China during the year, and at the present time is taking training as a 
kindergarten teacher, in the hopes of returning to her field at a later time. 

Missionary Deputation to the Field. 

With your approval, granted at Winona Lake, Ind., last year, Elders H. C. Early 
and Galen B. Royer made an extended tour through China and India in the interests 
of our mission work. Bro. Royer went out to China by way of Denmark and Sweden, 
and visited our work there, while Bro. Early went out with the China mission party. 
The two met at Tien Tsin. They spent over one month in China, visiting our stations 
and the territory contiguous thereto, besides a few other missions. Arriving in India 
about holiday time they spent about two months going over the field, meeting with the 
workers in conference and attending District Meeting, of which Bro. Early was chosen 
Moderator. The experience of these brethren will assist the Board very materially in 
its deliberations and will give its work familiarity with our foreign interests. No busi- 
ness enterprise would make an investment of upwards of $50,000 in a foreign land with- 
out sending out its representatives to view the situation, and your Board feels that 
the business of the King justifies extreme care in its administration. They reached 
home about March 20, 1914. 

Annual Report 9 

Retirements from Service. 
Because of health conditions, Bro. George W. Hilton and family returned from 
China in the fall and Bro. H. B. Heisey and family from India in the late winter. At 
this time, when the fields are so needy and the call for workers so persistent, the Board 
deeply regrets to have them pass from under its service. 

In Memoriam. 

Sister Mary N. Quinter, for ten years a devoted missionary in India, departed to 
be with Jesus on Jan. 14, 1914, in a hospital in India. She was loved alike by missionary 
and native Christian, and her death is lamented by all. The church is her debtor and 
the world has been made sweeter by her life. 


While not coming within the period as represented by this report, yet we pause a 
moment to record the retirement of Eld. D. L. Miller, the veteran chairman of our 
Board, who for thirty years has made the mission work and the constructive policies 
of the church his chief concern. At the meeting of the Board, held in Elgin on April 
17, Bro. Miller gave in his resignation. Because of ill health it was accepted and the 
following resolution placed on the records of the Board: 

" We accept Eld. D. L. Miller's resignation as chairman of the Board, expressing 
our regrets that his health cannot permit longer service, and also expressing our ap- 
preciation of his long and faithful and efficient service. We invite him to return when- 
ever he can and take an active part in the deliberations of the Board." 


During the year several traveling secretaries were employed by the Board. Their 
business shall be to solicit endowments for missions, preach missionary sermons, 
encourage systematic giving and mission study, and create in general a missionary 
spirit in the Brotherhood. Brethren C. D. Hylton, Ross D. Murphy, G. N. Falkenstein 
and J. G. Royer were appointed. These, with Bro. J. F. Appleman, comprise our list 
of traveling secretaries. Only Bro. Murphy, however, is at present devoting his entire 
time to the work. 


As was noted in the discussion of the financial side of our work, in a previous 
paragraph, the General Board feels that we have come to the period in our history 
when we must place greater emphasis upon the educational phase of missionary work 
among our young people. They will be the church of tomorrow, and if we bequeath 
to them a missionary enterprise, large in scope, development and requirements, we must 
likewise endeavor now to supply them with an education that will lay the foundation 
for sympathy and liberality and disposition as broad as the cause committed unto 

The Board is seeking to establish a course in mission study that will adequately 
supply the needs of our people. Such work is a long, slow process, and cannot be ac- 
complished in a year. With your assistance it is the fond hope that mission study 
classes may be established in every. part of our Brotherhood, thus pressing home, 
especially to the young, a knowledge of the heathen world, a broad conception of mis- 
sionary motives, problems and expectations, and an acquaintance with the world's 
foremost missionary leaders, their aims, accomplishments and sacrifices. 

It is only with your cooperation that any program of missionary education can 
be carried out among our churches, and because of our daily experiencing the joys of 
your cooperation, we feel safe in taking such steps in this educational work as the 
field and its opportunities seem to justify. A course of study, granting a diploma at its 
completion, is being outlined and it is to be hoped that the course will fit the needs of 
our Brotherhood. 

10 Annual Report 


As was revealed in the March (1914) Missionary Visitor, our colleges most gen- 
erally have very well organized and nourishing Mission Bands. If the members of 
their bands, upon completion of their college work, will enter active Christian service 
as they are now planning, the needs of our foreign field and the missionary posts of 
our Districts at home will be very nicely supplied. The Board is seeking to establish 
as close relations with the volunteers as is possible. From them we shall expect to 
receive our workers for abroad. 


Nearly all of our Districts have selected missionary secretaries in accordance with 
the 1911 Conference plan, and these secretaries are doing considerable work. Not all 
are as active as they would like to be, but some are selected without adequate pro- 
vision by their Districts to enable them to go about among the churches, and they 
are thus seriously handicapped in their labors. We believe that where provision has 
been made for their expenses they are doing very commendable work. The following 
is a list of secretaries, as nearly up to date as we can secure their names and addresses: 

Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 

California, Northern, D. L. Forney, Reedley, Cal. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Geo. H. Bashor, 3115 Manitou Ave., Los Angeles, 

Colorado, Western, and Utah, Arthur Rust, Clifton, Colo. 

Idaho and Western Montana, David Betts, Nampa, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern, and Wisconsin, J. G. Royer, Mt. Morris, 111. 

Illinois, Southern, Geo. W. Miller, La Place, 111. 

Indiana, Middle, J. C. Murray, North Manchester, Ind. 

Indiana, Northern, Bertha M. Neher, Warsaw, Ind. 

Indiana, Southern, B. F. Goshorn, Clay City, Ind. 

Iowa, Middle, F. E. Miller, Muscatine, Iowa, 406 Lowe Street. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, W. J. Barnhart, Minneapolis, Minn., 
2110 Irving Avenue, N. 

Iowa, Southern, Leslie Cover, S. Ottumwa, Iowa, 118 S. Moore St. 

Kansas, Northeastern, F. E. MeCune, Ottawa, Kans. 

Kansas, Southeastern, John Sherfy, 1309 S. Edith St., Chanute, Kans. 

Kansas, Northwestern, and Northeastern Colorado, Geo. R. Eller, Grinnell, Kans. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, W. H. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Maryland, Middle, Caleb Long, Boonsboro, Md. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md. 

Michigan, J. Edson Ulery, Onekama, Mich. 

Missouri, Middle, I. V. Enos, Adrian, Mo. 

Missouri, Northern, M. E. Stair, Polo, Mo. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, none appointed. 

Nebraska, S. G. Nickey, Moorefield, Nebr. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Geo. A. Branscom, Melvin Hill, 
N. C. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western Canada, J. D. Kesler, Zion, N. Dak. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Edson W. Wolfe, Hartville, Ohio. 

Ohio, Northwestern, S. P. Berkebile, Defiance, Ohio. 

Ohio, Southern, Ira G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and Pecos Valley, New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, 
Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Hiram Smith, Lebanon, Oregon. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, I. W. Taylor, Neffsville, Pa. 

Annual Report 11 

Pennsylvania, Southern, W. H. Miller, R. D. 4, Hanover, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern New York, M. C. Swigart, 
6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pennsylvania, Middle. 

Pennsylvania, Western, H. S. Replogle, Shelocta, Pa. 
Tennessee, none appointed. 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Texas. 
Virginia, First, J. A. Dove, Cloverdale, Va. 
Virginia, Second. 

Virginia, Northern, J. Carson Miller, Timberville, Va. 
Virginia, Eastern, E. E. Blough, Manassas, Va. 
Virginia, Southern. 

West Virginia, First, Seymour Hamstead, R. D. 2, Oakland, Md. 
West Virginia, Second. 


The Brethren Publishing House has enjoyed a very favorable year. Special atten- 
tion has been given to building up the circulation of our own periodicals, and as a 
result the subscription list has increased very materially. The job and merchandise 
departments make a very commendable showing in the volume of business done and 
the profits accruing from the work. We feel that much credit is due those in charge 
of our publishing interests for the prosperous condition of that line of our activity. 


In a rapid manner we have endeavored to mention some of the main points in 
the work of the year, and to bring to you some conception of the task and respon- 
sibilities which are connected with the proper handling of the work which has been 
entrusted to our hands. We again appreciate your faithful assistance during the year, 
and solicit its continuance. Will you not pray with us for a deepening spirit of conse- 
cration in our entire Brotherhood, that the cause so dear to the hearts of all of us 
may continue to expand and prosper? 

Herewith we are pleased to present the reports from our work in other' lands. 


Permanent address of missionaries: Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark. 

The work in Denmark has taken on new courage since Brother and Sister A. F. 
Wine and family located there. While they have been handicapped because of not 
having the language, yet in an advisory capacity and through an interpreter they have 
been able to do much good. Bro. Wine is progressing very nicely in the language and 
has preached several times in that tongue. Before his coming to Denmark Bro. 
Graybill had made several trips there and had done what he could to inspire the work. 
The following is a statistical table of the churches there: 


Annual Report 



o o 





























V r ensyssel, 






Kr. 33.00 








Kr. 22.00 

Totals, | 






3 1 


Kr. 55.00 


Permanent address of missionaries: Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden. 

The following, gleaned from a report of Bro. Graybill to the General Board, will 
give some idea of the work that is being done: 

"The work at Vannaberga has had its discouragements. The work is scattered 
over a large territory and therefore requires much traveling, which is largely done by 
bicycle. The work has been reenforced by placing Bro. Lindell at one end of the terri- 
tory. I visited him recently. The work looked promising. Sister Jonsson, wife of our 
minister in this territory, has not been well for some time, and Bro. Jonsson feels the 
effect of his much cycling. 

"At Kjavlinge, where we have no resident minister, Bro. Lindell preaches once a 

" Here in Malmo the work has grown in effort. With the confidence that no 
effort for the Lord's cause is in vain we will harvest the fruit that will develop in the 
future. We have opened a little mission, with but little expense, in Rosenvang, a 
suburb of Malmo, where we have Sunday-school and preaching every Sunday. Our : 
Sunday-school in Malmo has grown from one class to four classes and considerable 
over 100 per cent in attendance. The children are here, but the workers are lacking. 

" Possibly the Board thinks this is a Christian country, and therefore that it is 
more needful- to work in heathen countries. But let me tell you, Christianity in Sweden 
is of a very low type and sin is a monster. Is the religion of Sweden ^sufficient for 
these people? — then we are wasting our strength and precious time to no avail. Is 
Sweden worthy of the whole Gospel? — then let us push the work as we do in heathen 

" Clothing forty poor children was such a source of joy to us that we concluded 
to make special efforts to do more next Christmas, if the Lord permits. It has 
improved the attendance of our Sunday-school and drawn people's sympathy more to 
our work. A few friends sent us a little money at Christmas time, to be used for 
mission work. With a few dollars we have started a fund to clothe poor children and 
to help other poor, of whom we have so many around us. 

" The Evangelii Budbarare (Swedish Gospel Messenger) is on its mission. Three 
numbers have been mailed. Commendation by word and letter proves that this little 
paper has already found a warm spot in our members' hearts. I have heard but one 
complaint; that is, that there is not enough of the 'good.' It is" too small. 

" We have much to be thankful for. The winter has been cold, but at present We 
are having most beautiful weather. Sister Buckingham is braving the climate remark-- 
ably well. We are glad she will soon be able to take hold of the work. Her coming 
into our midst is quite an encouragement to us and the work. She is making remark- 
able progress in the language study and I am sure she will be of great service here." 

Annual Report 


The following 

is a statistical reporl 

of the Swedish ( 















































































































3| 1 

12| 94| 41 S3 


1021 4 

4| 3| 353 






| 1 

1 33| 13| .. ..!...'... 

751 .. 

4| 2| 922 




21 7 

1 1 

. . . . 

.. 431 .. lj | 61 .. 

4| .. 



2| 15 

..| 5 



3| : 

| 46] 501 4| 54[$76.24|183| 44 

12| 5|1,325 





Ping Ting 1 Hsien, booking' North from the Official City. 


Report of the mission of the Brethren church in China for the year 1913: 
As we review the year 1913 the China Mission has apparently experienced many 
reverses. First, at the opening of the year, the passing away of our dear Bro. Heckman, 
in which we do not attempt to explain the mystery of the workings of an All-wise and 
Loving Father. Then, later, in consequence, the return of his family to America. 
And finally, near the close of the year, the return of Bro. Hilton and family. Added 
to this the unfaithfulness of two native Christian helpers, in consequence of which they 
were relieved of their work; and the sickness of Bro. Crumpacker, in the midst of 
urgent duties, when there was no foreigner to take his place, would give sufficient cause 
for discouragement, were there not also the side of blessing. While some have been 
going others have come, among them Sister Horning, whose health has' been sufficiently 
restored to enable her again to take up the much-needed work among the women. 
New workers have also been added to our ranks; and most of all have we cause for 


Annual Report 

praise in the coming of the two doctors, whose arrival -has been the answer to many 
prayers. Then, too, we have experienced an unusual blessing in the visit of our two 
brethren, Royer and Early, who, not only in word, but t>y their very presence, gave 
joy and encouragement. 

While we were saddened by the unfaithfulness of two native helpers, on the other 
hand we have just cause for praise in the exceptional faithfulness of others who so 
nobly shouldered responsibilities and kept the work moving on when sickness dis- 
abled the foreigner. 

Throughout the year there have also been added to our ranks twenty-one native 
Christians, increasing the number from thirteen to thirty-four. 

And not least among our blessings is the fact that during this year, 1913, unlike 
the previous year, we have been graciously permitted to remain undisturbed at our 
stations, while there have been seasons of political unrest and disturbance in various 
places of China. 

The China mission, missionaries and Native Converts. 

Taken at the Yearly Meeting at Liao Hsien, October, 1913. 

Liao Hsien Station 

During the year 1913 the work at this station has necessarily been limited, because 
of sickness on the part of some and language study on the part of others. However, 
regular services have been conducted each Sabbath in the chapel, and a weekly prayer 
meeting, together, with a special inquirers' class, during part of the year for those 
desiring membership. Bro. Hilton's sickness during the greater part of the year, and 
the need of a regular native helper, caused the main burden of the work to fall to 
Bro. Bright, who was still at his language study. But, notwithstanding all the hin- 
drances, we feel that God has abundantly blessed us and is giving us an open door in 
gradually opening up the way, as we believe, for effective service among the people of 
Liao Hsien and surrounding district. 

Boys' School. 

One of the most encouraging features of our work thus far is the Boys' School, 
opened in March, 1913. Since then there has been an average attendance of twenty 
odd pupils. At present we have twenty-three in regular attendance, all of whom board 
and sleep at the school. Our present buildings being about crowded to their limit, 
we trust we may soon have larger and more permanent quarters, that this important 
work be not hindered, for it is from the present growing generation of schoolboys 
that we hope to obtain our efficient workers for the future church. Bright boys, many 
of them are, who readily take to the religious teaching given them each day in con- 

Annual Report 


nection with their regular school work, and in the Sunday-school each Sabbath Day. 

Just as soon as it seems advisable a girls' school is to be opened, with Sister Cripe 
in charge. This will be a new feature for Liao Hsien, for as yet no girls' school has 
ever been opened in this city or district. Already considerable interest is being mani- 
fested in the proposed school, and several girls have promised to attend. 

Work Among the Women. 

On account of our language study this line of work has not been developed as we 
hope it shall be from now on. It is generally acknowledged that the women are harder 
to reach than the men on account of the difficulty of their language, much of it being 
peculiar to themselves. As they seldom get out from home it is difficult for them to 
understand us, and so we felt a special need of fair preparation before taking up much 
definite work among them. However, a number of homes have been visited during the 
year, and as opportunity offered we have endeavored to help them where we could. 

As the year drew to a close we began taking up more definite work among them. 
Now many homes are being visited with regular teaching, and the kindness with which 
we are received and the response given to our humble efforts are gratifying indeed. 

Work among the women has been allotted to the writer, but until Sister Cripe 
opens her girls' school we will work together among the women and girls. Then I 
must secure a native Bible woman for my helper. 

Opium Refuge. 

The opium refuge work has never opened up to any great extent in this city. One 
reason is the fact that not nearly so many are addicted to the habit as in many places. 
During the year five took the cure successfully. 

Medical Work. 

Throughout the year not a little work has been done along this line, first by Bro. 
Hilton's, then later by Bro. Bright's, and finally, near the close of the year by Dr. 
Brubaker. His coming into our midst was heartily welcomed, not only by us foreigners, 
but also by the natives, for frequently we had to turn away those who could have been 
helped by an experienced doctor. Now that Dr. Brubaker is here we believe the 
Lord can use him greatly to His glory in opening up the way for gospel teaching. But 
the doctor must have time for language study, and so the time he gives in practice is 
limited to one hour in the afternoon. The rest of the time is reserved for language 
study, in which they are progressing very nicely. 


A Fair Just Outside the East Crate of Liao Hsien. 
X marks our " Gospel Tent " where preaching is done and Gospels are sold those attending 

the Fair. 


Annual Report 

A Typical Temple Court. 

Located a short distance from Liao Hsien. 


During the early part of the year Bro. Hilton got out to several fairs, set up our 
" gospel tent," did preaching, and by the assistance of some native helpers was instru- 
mental in selling quite a few Gospels and tracts. In this latter work our schoolboys 
have also frequently been engaged on the streets of our own city. During the latter 
part of the year, a native helper, having been secured, was sent out on several trips to 
the surrounding villages to preach and sell Gospels. Just as soon as we can secure the 
workers we are planning to open an outstation or two. This we hope to accomplish 
during the coming year. 

In October our yearly meeting was held at this station, continuing five days. At 
this time, besides our business meetings, we had daily services conducted in Chinese. 
On the evening of the 13th a love feast was held in the home of Bro. Bright, with 
eighteen communicants, six of whom had but recently been baptized. They are our 
first converts at the Liao Hsien station, all of whom, up to this time, are proving faith- 
ful in their Christian experience. Anna M. Hutchison. 

Ping Ting Hsien. 

Opium Refuge Work. 

This line of work has been real encouraging, with some one or more in the refuge 
all the time. During the year we have gone very far beyond the hundred mark. When 
we stop to think that about seven out of ten of the Christian adults have been won 
through this line of effort it gives us courage to spend much time at it. To be sure, 
several of those who break off go back to it again, but that is no cause for stopping 
the efforts. Of those who came into the church during the year the three older men 
were all men who had gone through our refuge. Of the 130 odd who broke off we 
think a safe estimate would be that eighty were successful in staying cured. When I 
speak of the refuge I mean the one here and the two branch places at our outstations. 

Boys' School. 

This has been a very encouraging part of our work, and though the number has 
not increased so much yet, we have added a few in number and have succeeded in get- 
ting a good place prepared for the number we have. Our new quarters for the school 
are surely a real credit to the mission work at this place. This furnishes a good 
home for our orphans and gives a good home for the school as well. We are so 
thankful to the Lord for the home for our rapidly-growing school work. As the boys 

Annual Report 


come now we can take care of them to a certain limit 
accommodate up to nearly a hundred. We have not 
hope to by the time this is read by our home people, 
away for lack of space. Now we are taking them in. 
for 1914. This, besides Bro. Vaniman, who will teach 
full direction of the educational work. At one of our 
live school, with an attendance of sixteen. This line o 
of first importance to the salvation of China. 

Evangelistic Work. 

This line of work has suffered much because of the dearth of workers. Sickness 
and shortage of workers has prohibited us from doing but little real itinerating among 
the villages. Some good work has been done in and around the city. One feature of 

at least. The present place can 
come to the fifty mark yet, but 
Last year we had to turn them 
We have added a new teacher 
the English and gradually have 
outstations we have had a very 
f work is, as the writer views it, 

The Workers at Ping 1 Ting" Hsien. 

the work was a little effort made at the Christmas time, in which all of the members 
participated. A collection was made and after the Christmas preaching service we 
distributed to those who had tickets. This the Chinese Christians enjoyed very much. 
Each one who got food or clothing received also a portion of Scripture. As a direct 
result of evangelistic work thirteen men and two women were received into the church. 
Some selling of portions of Scripture has been done, and not a little distributing of 
tracts. The regular Sunday meetings have been largely attended all year. One out- 
station was opened during the year. 


This method of helping the sick who come has been carried on all year. At times 
other things crowded out the time that should have been given to this work. The 
coming of the doctor to Ping Ting will add immeasurably to the amount of good that 
can come from this line of work. 

Special Agencies at Work. 

A special Bible class conducted by Mr. Yin, meeting once a week throughout the 
year, has been of great value to members and inquirers. The use of a lot of good liter- 


Annual Report 

ature for reading, such as newspapers and magazines, and several helpful books, has 
attracted several outsiders. 

Regular weekly prayer meetings were held and all the members were expected to 
attend. Daily prayer meetings were held at the chapel for the benefit of any and all 
who would come. 


Too much clerical and mechanical work, demanding the time that should be given 
to regular evangelistic work. 

Shortage of workers — both foreign and Chinese. 

Unfaithfulness of a Chinese Christian worker at one of the outstations. 

Inexperience of all the workers. 

Sickness, which kept some away from their work for about six weeks. 

F. H. Crumpacker. 

Christmas Day. 
A few of the recipients. Besides their food they all get tracts and 
Scripture portions. Opium has brought all of these to rags. The boy 
in the picture does not smoke, but his father is one of the lowest of slaves. 

Report of Work Among the Women. 

Many have been the hindrances to the work among the women during the past 
year. Sister Horning was in the homeland most of the year; Sister Metzger was 
very busy with the school; the long sieges of sickness among other workers; lack of 
suitable places in which to work — all have been great obstacles, but as God has given 
opportunity we have tried to do the best we could. 

In the early part of the year a court was secured in which we opened an opium 
refuge for women. There were three small buildings in the court. All were very much 
dilapidated, but they were slightly repaired and have been some help to us. The 
largest room was used for a chapel, as well as a place to accommodate opium patients. 
Previous to this the meetings had to be held in our private homes, and we certainly 

Annual* Report 


Boys' School and Teacher at lie £ing\ 
One of our Outstations from Ping Ting Hsien. 

were glad for this change. The room was furnished with benches, and these and the 
kang often were filled at our services." During the spring months we had much to 
encourage us. Five women broke off using opium. Other women came to care for the 
patients, so we constantly had from six to ten women, who were getting daily teach- 

The "Wife of One of Our Christian Men. 

She was baptized in November, 1913, being one of the two 
women baptized. Her growth in the spiritual life is like a child. 
Every new step she enthusiastically appreciates. Her name is 
Mrs. Tin. 


Annual Report 

Christmas Day at Ting Ting. 
The giving had been done and the people were going out when Bro. 
Vaniman snapped a section of them. Here is one of our schoolboys. Do' 
you have trouble in telling which one it is? These are not beggars, but 
the real needy poor. 

ing. Some of them responded in a most encouraging manner. Beside the daily teach- 
ing at the opium refuge there were two regular weekly services, held for all who would 
come. The hot season came, which brought also sickness in our midst, and then came 
the rainy season, when our rooms were absolutely unusable; and so the work was 
greatly hindered. Our regular weekly services began again in September, but the opium 
refuge work did not begin till December. 

An inquirers' class was also held a part of the year. At first five were enrolled. 
These had already heard most of the gospel stories. These women were taught the 
sermon on the mount, in a very simple manner, of course, but they got hold of some 
of the essentials for Christian discipleship. After these lessons it was decided that 
only two of the women could be ready for baptism, so the two were taken on, and 
taught more of the fundamentals, and Nov. 3 they were received into church fellowship. 
Our first Chinese sisters! How happy we are to have even these two! Their happiness, 
also, is great, and they are lights to the women about them. Both of them have done 
some personal work in trying to get others to leave off sin and follow Jesus. Pray 
for them. 

Considerable doctoring has also been done among the women in their own homes. 
Many of the cases have been serious sores on the feet, caused by the abominable 
practice of foot-binding. We were much encouraged, however, to see the opening that 
Dr. Wampler has for doctoring women. He has been allowed to see a number of 
women. One poor girl, who had been suffering a long time, and whom we seemed un- 
able to help very much, said she would be glad for a foreign doctor to see her. Ac- 
cordingly arrangements were made and we went to the court. She said she would be 
glad for the doctor to see her foot. When he was invited in and she saw the foreign 
doctor was a man, she said she thought perhaps after a while her foot would get well, 
anyhow, and she drew it up under her clothing. Poor, ignorant, superstitious women! 
When will "The Light of the World" be given a place in their minds and lives! 

Anna Crumpacker. 

Annual Report 21 

Report of Girls' School. 

As we survey the year's work in the Girls' School, we feel that God has been very 
near and blessed us abundantly. The work is most difficult, because of the prevailing 
sentiment that it does not pay to indulge a girl to the extent of giving her a chance to 
learn to read. A few home duties is all she needs to know. Some would be willing to 
send their daughters, if they did not need to comply with the rule to unbind the feet. 
At first pupils were admitted without doing this, but now the rule is compulsory, for a 
Christian school cannot afford to countenance the horrible practice. Until the summer 
vacation we had no suitable place to carry on the work, but later secured an adjoining 
court, which is larger and more private. The last of April the lady teacher left and we 
could not procure another until the middle of September. 

Nevertheless, the school has grown from three pupils to twelve, and a few more 
have made arrangements to enter after the Chinese New Year, in January. One of 
the older pupils has asked for special instruction, that she may receive baptism. There 
are many encouraging features in our work among the girls. When we note the great 
change which comes into the young lives, we feel that it is worth while to teach the 
few and save them for the Master. 

The most successful feature in the school has been the " quiet hour." The pupils 
are called at 7:30 A. M., and fifteen minutes are spent in private devotions. Those 
who cannot read are given a Bible to leaf through. The result is a reverence for the 
Sacred Volume and good behavior during the day. One girl we were not able to 
reach, but the little while alone with God every morning has had a marvelous influence 
for good. May the Lord continue to lead these little ones until their lives become 
sweet in Him. Minerva Metzger. 


I. Missionaries: 

(a) Men, not including physicians, 3 

(b) Men physicians, 2 

(c) Wives of missionaries, 5 

(d) Unmarried sisters, 5 

(e) Total missionaries, 15 

II. Natives: 

(a) Native workers, 9 

(b) Stations having resident missionaries, 2 

(c) Outstations, 2 

(d) Organized churches, 2 

,(e) Native membership, 34 

(f ) Baptized last year, 21 

(g) Sunday-schools, . 2 

(h) Pupils in same, 50 

(i ) Day-schools, 4 

(j ) Pupils in same, 95 

(k) Native contributions (gold), $15 

To know that thru the strain and stress 
Of human hearts, when burdens press; 
To know that when our life holds care, 
The Son of God, the Christ is there- 
Will give us faith for paths of night, 
Will change the darkness into light, 
Along the way. 

— Selected. 

22 Annual Report 


A Foreword. 

While the year 1913 has been a trying one for the work and workers in 
India, yet under the blessings of the Heavenly Father we have come to the close 
of the year— one of the hardest years in the history of the mission, but not 
without its joys and blessings. With eleven of our workers on furlough most 
of the year, and several others laid aside by serious and prolonged illness, our 
depleted number could not properly care for the work already established. Now 
and again we have been asking among ourselves, " Shall we close some of our 
stations ?" "Must we retrench?" Now retrench is a word that does not sound 
sweet on the ear of the brave soldier. It is too much like retreat. 

But with faith in the Lord of the harvest, Who thrusts forth His laborers, 
and with the hope that the home church, recognizing our urgent need, will speed- 
ily send forth workers to replenish our broken ranks, we have pressed on to 
the end of the year. Work has been kept up throughout the year at nine sta- 
tions, but for the past two years there has been no resident missionary at Pim- 
palner and now, at the close of the year, Vada (Var'da) is again without a 
resident missionary ; inviting fields, ripe unto the harvest, not entered, or entered 
and not reaped, because the workers are too few. Do you know what it means, 
beloved in the Lord? We wish we could tell you what it means to us on the 
field: calls from new places that cannot be answered; the time and strength of 
the few able-bodied workers taxed to the limit. 

But the good hand of the Lord has been upon us through all the days of 
this strenuous year. " God has been our refuge and strength, a very present ' 
help in trouble." He has given us souls from all our stations, and from Vyara 
(Vyah'ra) and Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) a 'goodly number. He has made 
it possible to establish our Bible Teachers' Training School at Bulsar (Bul-sar), 
from which we hope many well-trained workers may be sent forth 'in the years 
to come. He has brought back to us in safety our dear Brethren Long and' 
Stover, with their families. He has given us five new workers, two of whom 
are our doctors. They will soon be able to open up a mission dispensary and 
hospital, for which we have long hoped arid prayed. God has proved His power 
in the spirit of cheerful submission and sweet patience, which He has given 
to those zvho have been called to endure long months of pain and weakness. He 
has enabled our dear Sister Quinter calmly and bravely to prepare for a danger- 
ous operation and has given her a triumphant entrance into the Holy City. 
(She died Jan. 14, 1914.) 

One of the things hard to understand is the affliction that came upon our 
Bro. Heisey, which necessitated their leaving the field at a time when we need 
help very much. (They sailed Jan. 13, 1914.) 

Just at the close of the year, our visiting elders, Brethren Early and Royer, 
came to us, and we thanked God and took courage, that they were sent at this 
time when we so much need their encouragement and their help and advice 
in many important matters. 

"Praise ye the Lord. Praise, O ye servants of the Lord, praise the name 
of the Lord." A. E. 

A. K. E. 

Annual Report 23 


1894 W. B. Stover, Anklesvar, India. 

1894 Mary E. Stover, Anklesvar, India. 

1900 Adam Ebey, Karadoho, via Dahanu, India. 

1900 Alice K. Ebey, Karadoho, via Dahanu, India. 

1900 Eliza B. Miller, Unialla Village, via Anklesvar, India. 

1902 D. J. Lichty, Umalla Village, via Anklesvar, India. 

1903 Nora A. Lichty, Umalla Village, via Anklesvar, India. 

1902 J. B. Emmert, Jalalpor, Surat District, India. 

1904 Gertrude R. Emmert, Jalalpor, Surat District, India. 

1903 J. M. Blough, Bulsar, India. - 
1903 Anna Z. Blough, Bulsar, India. 
1903 I. S. Long, Vyara, Tapti Valley Railway, India. 
1903 Effie V. Long, Vyara, Tapti Valley Railway, India. 
1903 Sadie J. Miller, Vyara, Tapti Valley Railway, India. 

1903 Mary N. Quinter, Jalalpor, Surat District, India. 

1904 J. M. Pittenger, on furlough, Pleasant Hill, Ohio, U. S. A. 
1904 Florence B. Pittenger, on furlough, Pleasant Hill, Ohio, U. S. A. 
1904 A. W. Ross, on furlough, Kearney, Nebr., U. S. A. 
1904 Flora N. Ross, on furlough, Kearney, Nebr., U. S. A. 
1904 E. H. Eby, on furlough, 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111., U. S. A. 
1904 Emma H. Eby, on furlough, 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, III, U. S. A. 
1906 Josephine Powell, on furlough, Mt. Vernon, Mo., U. S. A. 
1908 Ida C. Himmelsbaugh, Anklesvar, India. 
1908 Kathryn Ziegler, Anklesvar, India. 

1910 Ida C. Shumaker, Bulsar, India. 

1911 J. I. Kaylor, Ahwa, Dang Forests, via Bilimora, India. 
1911 Rosa B. Kaylor, Ahwa, Dang Forests, via Bilimora, India. 
1911 Q. A. Holsopple, Bulsar, India. 

1911 Kathren R. Holsopple, Bulsar, India. 

1912 H. B. Heisey, on leave, Palmyra, Pa., U. S. A. 
1912 Grace N. Heisey, on leave, Palmyra, Pa., U. S. A. 
1912 Anna M. Eby, Vada, Thana District, India. 

1912 S. Olive Widdowson, Anklesvar, India. 

1913 A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D., Bulsar, India. 
1913 Laura M. Cottrell, M. D., Bulsar, India. 
1913 S. Ira Arnold, Anklesvar, India. 
1913 Elizabeth B. Arnold, Anklesvar, India. 
1913 B. Mary Royer, Vada, Thana District, India. 



J. M. Pittenger, wife and two children, on furlough; J. I. Kaylor and wife on duty. 

Short History. 

After several preliminary trips to Ahwa (Ah'wah), the center of the Dang (Dong) 
Forests, about forty-eight miles from the railway at Vyara (Vyah'rah), Bro. Stover 
located a few native workers in this new and untried field. But they soon became sick 
and discouraged, and not much telling work was done until Brother and Sister Pit- 
tenger located there, early in 1907. For six full years they toiled early and late among 
the ignorant, superstitious people of the wooded mountains. They had to build a 
bungalow. And no one knows what that meant so far from the regular markets, so far 
from good carpenters, painters, and masons, until our brother and sister found out. 


Annual Report 


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Tlie Aliwa Bung-alow. 

They told us in part; the rest is yet to be told. Their labor has not been in vain. 
There is a little church established and several good jungle schools are organized. 
Generally, the government officials are friendly. It has meant much and will continue 
to mean more self-denial and hard, patient toil, but these people of the jungle are ready 
to be won for the Lord. A railway is being built to within a day's journey of Ahwa 
(Ah'wah), which will be a great boon to the missionaries residing at Ahwa (Ah'wah). 
Last June Brother and Sister Pittenger left on their well-earned and overdue furlough. 
Meanwhile Brother and Sister Kaylor are caring for the work. 

Ahwa (Ah'wah) is the government headquarters of the Dangs (Dongs) State. This 
state is a forest tract of about 1,000 square miles, with a population of 30,000. People 
are of the aboriginal tribes, illiterate and superstitious. Government has no schools 
whatever in this state. The mission has now nine schools operated in as many different 
villages. As long as the mission will take charge of the school work, government will 
aid, but not operate schools. A great opportunity is in our hands! 


Our second year in India has been almost as different from our first year as the 
first year was from the homeland. Our first year was mainly study; the second, prac- 
ticing what we learned. Dangs (Dongs) is supposed to be Marathi (Mur-rot'ty), but 
it is only a very poor dialect of it. So it is hard to practice what little we learned. It 
is hard to understand the people and they do not understand us. 

We came to Ahwa (Ah'wah) Jan. 4, 1913, and staid with Bro. Pittenger's as long 
as they were here. In January and February he made two trips to Pimpalner (Pim'pul- 
nair'), which proved very trying to his weakened body, and he was sick for a couple of 
weeks. He gained strength enough to go to the District Meeting at Vyara (Vyah'rah), 
but there again fell sick and went to the hospital till the last of March, when Sister 
Pittenger went out and then they proceeded to the hills, remaining until June, when 
they sailed for the homeland. 

Since April first we have tried to care for the station work the best we could. In 
going to and from Ahwa (Ah'wah) there are many ups and downs — over the hills. 

Annual Report 25 

And this is also true in the work, as there are so many places to get over; some days 
easy; others we don't know how to go or what to do that will be best for the work. 

As to Educational Work. 

It is our main line of activity. There are now five schools in as many villages, 
with about eighty-five children on roll. The first native boy of the Dangs (Dongs) 
that learned to read is now reading in the third reader, and is doing well in all his studies. 
We believe that this is the line of work that will yield greatest returns in time, as 
the boys are under Christian teaching, and thus, growing up, will much more easily 
become Christians than their fathers, of whom we want to reach all possible, of 
course. Now, in a year or so, boys will be completing the third grade in these village 
schools, and then, if at all possible, we should have a boarding-school ready to take 
them right on through the seventh grade and also teach them farming, gardening, 
carpentry and other industrial work as well. Then we can expect to have our own 
teachers and they will be at home. Now we must bring in other teachers, trained in 
other missions, and not localized to the Dangs (Dongs) at all. They are difficult to 
get and high-priced. But we cannot hope to reach this end unless we are helped by the 
church at home. Therefore PRAY and GIVE for the work that it may have a healthy 
growth and permanency. The chief magistrate of the Dangs (Dongs), the diwan (dee- 
won'), is very friendly to the educational interests of the people, or anything for their wel- 
fare. Last April, at Durbar (Dur-bar') (when hundreds of people gather here and the gov- 
ernment pays the petty kings and chiefs their forest rental), he had all the schools of 
the Dangs (Dongs) prepare songs, games, etc., and give an exhibition program before 
the people, to show what profit education is, and to create a desire in the people for 
it. Within a few weeks one village requested a school to be opened after the rains. So, 
in November, when the diwan (dee-won') was visiting this village, I also went and 
met the people. He at once told me that another village six miles farther on wanted a 
school, so we went there and made arrangements. Now the year closes with two new 
masters on hand, ready to open up this work in a part of the Dangs (Dongs) that 
has had no mission work of any kind. We hope and pray that it is the beginning of a 
large work for the future. As I write these lines, I am in the second village, eighteen 
or twenty miles from Ahwa (Ah'wah), and have just staked off the ground for the 
schoolhouse, for which the people will bring the wood and material necessary. 

Along Industrial Lines. 

We now have a farming community of a few families, an aerated water plant em- 
ploying one man, a mill to extract oil from a grain that the people grow, and which 
oil they use for their cooking. A man and an ox operate the mill. Another man has a 
cloth shop and sews for the people. And not the least necessary, by any means, is the 
carpenter who came from Bulsar (Bul-sar') over a year ago. He is to build new 
schoolhouses, houses and a barn for us, and do whatever work in his line comes to do. 
He is a very handy boy to have around. 

All these lines of work are for the good of those doing them, in keeping them 
busy, training of character, and as a means of livelihood. Their products are in demand 
by the people. 

Direct Evangelistic Work 
is hard to do in many respects by the missionary himself. Language, ways of travel, 
mental capacity of the people, are some of the difficult things to deal with here. But 
we have our teachers and Bible women to go among the people and tell the Story. 
The Indian can do much more among the people, for he understands them and their 
ways of thinking and speaking. 

In Medical Work 

we do not do much, because we do not know how. Some hundred cases come to 
us per month, and many others we send to the Government Dispensary. 


Annual Report 

In all we are trying to keep the work going until Bro. Pittenger can return to it 
again, which we hope and pray will be before 1914 closes; and then, by his wider expe- 
rience and knowledge of the country and people, he can carry it on to better advantage 
than we can. i i • I ' I i; 

Brethren and sisters, pray for the work among these poor people, that in due 
time the now waiting harvest may be gathered in for HIM! 

"As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about His 
people from henceforth even forever" (Psa. 125: 2). 

The First Anklesvar Bungalow, Where Brother Stover's Live. 



W. B. Stover, wife and two children (three children are in school in America); S. 
Ira Arnold and wife, language study; Ida C. Himmelsbaugh, nurse; Kathryn Ziegler; 
S. Olive Widdowson, language study. 

Short History. 

This station was opened in 1899 by Brother and Sister McCann. In 1900 they did 
much famine relief work, founded the Boys' Boarding-school, and baptized hundreds 
of Bhils (Bheels), mostly in distant villages, where, owing to the scarcity of trust- 
worthy helpers, they could not be properly shepherded. At this time the bungalow had 
to be built. They continued in general charge of the work until 1907, when they 
returned to America. On account of their health they have not been able to return. 
During 1903-04, while Sister McCann was in America, Bro. Lichty assisted in the work. 
At this time there was an outbreak of plague, which carried a number of the boys away 
and the Brethren were much exposed. In 1905 Sister Mary N. Quinter had general 
charge of the boarding-school, while Bro. McCann gave himself more fully to evan- 
gelistic work. In 1906 the boys were removed to Bulsar (Bul-sar') and the boarding- 
school was closed. Brother and Sister E. H. Eby were at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) 

Annual Report 27 

in 1906-07, and on Bro. McCann's leaving for America they took charge until June, 
when Brother and Sister Stover located at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). The work 
has grown very rapidly and hundreds of Bhils (Bheels) from the villages near by 
haVe been baptized. In 1910 Sister Himmelsbaugh opened up a dispensary, and since 
then has done both medical and village work. In 1911 Sister Ziegler began special 
work among the village women. Brother and Sister Stover went on their second, and 
overdue, furlough in 1912. Brother and Sister Blough took charge of the work and did 
their work well. Brother and Sister Holsopple also were there during the greater part 
of 1913, and helped wherever they could. Brethren Blough and Holsopple had the 
supervision of the work of erecting the Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) second (or sisters') 
bungalow. The beginning of November, 1913, Brother and Sister Stover, returning 
from furlough, again took up the work at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). 

Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) is a country town of some ten thousand inhabitants, 
situated four miles south of the sacred Nerbudda (Nur-bud'dah) River, and 200 miles 
north of Bombay (Bom-bay). With Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) as the center, within 
a radius of six miles are thirty-nine villages. Cotton is grown in abundance, and in 
the town there are several cotton gins. - Many of the people are of the aboriginal 
tribe known as the Bhils (Bheels), and among these our mission work is prosperous. 
The number of indigenous Christians is increasing at a healthful rate. 



Bro. J. M. Blough was in charge for four months, then Bro. Q. A. Holsopple for 
six months, and latterly I have been in charge for two months. 

This makes a year of service in Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) that is a bit difficult 
for any one man to report. The people are all here. They have grown steadily since 
I left, not quite two years ago. All healthful growth is rather slow. Their problems 
are about the same as then. Their needs are about the same as then. The Brethren 
have erected four village churches and schoolhouses — one this year at Andara (Un- 

Preaching sometimes seems not to be our first work — preaching like we do at 
home. The other day a Bhil (Bheel) came to me, saying that a Mohammedan had 
beaten him, and he wished to sue the man for damages. I wondered if it were wise 
to do so. The Bhil (Bheel) was an applicant for baptism. He insisted that the 
Mohammedan had been very cruel, and that nothing else would settle accounts. I 
hesitated. If I had directly said, " You must not go," he would have rejected my 
advice. So I hesitated. He made up his mind he would enter the case. After another 
day he came again. He said the Mohammedan had sued him. I asked what for, and 
he replied, " He has done this to checkmate me. He has beaten me, and then sued me 
for beating him, to save himself. What shall I do?" I said, " It is never wise to fight 
with anybody, but if I can help you, tell me. However, I can't help you to fight." A 
few days later the Mohammedan came to me, and asked what to do, as each had 
entered a case against the other. I said they should both come to me, and commit it 
to my hands for settlement, and I would judge between them. They came. After 
hearing the story of each, I preached to them, and fined the Mohammedan a dollar and 
fifteen cents. He paid. And both came to me privately afterwards, and thanked me 
for what I had done. I was glad thus to be a peacemaker among men. 

During the year twenty were baptized, fourteen died, and several have gone else- 
where in search of a livelihood, so that we cannot tell exactly what their' spiritual con- 
dition is, but we hope they may cling to the confession which they have made, that 
Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God. 

There is tremendous room for evangelistic work here. The people are open and 
we are reaching them. But they are so far away from our Christian idea, that 
even when they have been won, they are the veriest babes in the kingdom. Yet there 

28 Annual Report 

is a healthful enthusiasm growing that is good to see. And our young men and women, 
helpers in the work of the Master, some of them are doing splendid work. These are 
for the most part our boys, whom we had in the orphanage as dirty, ragged children 
twelve years ago. It is good to see what God hath wrought. And more is coming. 
The great first work of the church is missions. He who lends himself to that work has 
abundant reason for constant rejoicing. 


During the greater part of the year I was at home, in the United States, and visiting 
among the churches. I need not endeavor to prove to any one that I enjoyed that 
privilege to the limit, and counted it a great means of blessing to myself. I have reason 
to believe that the missionary meetings which 1 was able to hold were also a means 
of blessing to many others. Thus it became mutual. 

In holding meetings at home, addresses or lectures, or what not, I have come to 
feel that each separate meeting or conference has a certain individuality about it, which, 
when preserved, adds greatly to the success of the meeting. One must invest energy 
and vigor if he expects blessing and strength in return, either for himself or others. 

We arrived in India at the end of October, and were at our station by the first of 
November. Our voyage was excellent, beyond anything we had yet enjoyed, and our 
work during the past two months has been largely in getting hold of things again. 


The dozen or more village schools have continued in a more or less intermittent 
manner throughout the year. The work among our Bhil (Bheel) Christians is not 
finished, for they have not yet come to know the full value either of education or 
religion. So it is quite difficult to keep the children of Christians in our village schools. 
Their parents feel the pressure for food, and send them to work for others, thus 
sacrificing the future for the small hope of the present. Our problem will not be alone 
to win men to the point of accepting the Gospel, but to the point of sending their 
children for Christian education, without which the next generation will have to solve 
just the same problems that this generation is solving. And the next generation of 
missionaries will have to do just the same manner of primary foundation work we are 
having to do. For this reason I am convinced that a primary boarding-school at each 
mission station, though an expensive investment, would be cheap in time and life, and 
prove the wisdom of such expenditure before many years. 

"Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart 
from it" (P.rov. 22: 6). 


Nearly the entire. year was spent in the homeland, for the most part in Mount 
Morris, 111. Besides keeping house and looking after our little ones, I had the pleasure 
of meeting regularly with the Mission Study Class for several months, which I" have 
every reason to believe was enjoyed by all. We finished " India Awakening," by Sher- 
wood Eddy," and recommend it to others for study.- 

The last two months of the year we have been here at Anklesvar. My work con- 
sists of such regular daily duties as fall to the homemaker, and which are not well 
adapted to reports. We have regular Bible study among the women, and daily prayers 
with them. Occasionally I can go with the other sisters to the villages, but I consider 
my greatest sphere at present to be the keeping of things about the home so adjusted 
that those who are called to go and come may do so without let or hindrance. 

The men are in ignorance — that is bad enough; but the depth of darkness is better 
shown in the women, who have been kept in ignorance and superstition by their 
husbands and fathers for ages. It is an unspeakable joy to see them gradually emerge 
when the light of truth dawns upon them. 

"The entrance of thy words giveth light" (Psa. 119: 130). 

Annual Report 


Second Bung-alow, Anklesvar. The Missy Sahib's Home. 


The year 1913 is gone, with its joys and sorrows. The dispensary was closed for 
two months, because it was necessary for me to spend that length of time on the hills. 
I have kept up all the different branches of the work as much as possible. My work is 
among all castes, from the Brahman to the outcaste. 

This year many operative cases have come, but I could not care for them. A few 
of these I was able to persuade to go to the hospital, while others said, " If you cannot 
care for us, we will go home and die." One little girl in a village about five miles 
from here was run over by a heavy cart, and I went and cared for her. Now when she 
gets sick she wants the Miss Sahib. 

These are frequent recurrences, and one could write pages of most startling expe- 
riences, but we do not have the time. We must work, and how thankful we are that 
it is so! We would not ask for one bit less of work, but we do ask for more strength 
and patience; for more of the Holy Spirit; for more of the Christ-life in our hearts. 

The village work, too, as well as the medical, is intensely interesting. What a 
joy it is to go to the villages and sit among the women, tell them the " Story that never 
grows old," and teach them to live better lives. They are not quick to take up new 
ideas, but it is only by patient teaching that our aims will be accomplished. The 
Mohammedan women often come to our meetings, but generally to complain against 
the Bhil (Bheel) women. They think and say that we are foolish to waste our time 
on the Bhils (Bheels), but are we the first ones who were called foolish for Christ's 

We look back over the year and see mistakes made. We look forward and see the 
fields white to harvest. So, forgetting the things behind, we press forward joyfully, 
knowing that in due time we shall have accomplished all that He asks of us. 

How our hearts are thrilled with joy that God has heard and answered our prayers,, 
and we now have two doctors on the field. 

Pray for us and the work. 

"Rejoice in the Lord alway: and again I say, Rejoice" (Philpp. 4: 4). 


Annual Report 

Village Work. 

Again the work of another year is closed. The year seemed short and so little is 
done! Were the whole year open for village work so much more could be accom- 
plished. As it is, there are four good months when we can be out pretty steadily. Four 
months are SO hot that we can go out only occasionally and keep well. Then comes 
the rainy season, when it is almost impossible to go. 

The work among the women is growing more interesting. They begin to feel that 
we have a message for them as well as for the men. However, they do not come into 
the church as fast as we should like to see them. We almost become impatient, some- 
times, because they learn so slowly, but it is better if they understand well before they 
take the step. A number are considering the matter, and so we labor hopefully. 

During the year I made about seventy visits to the different villages. One of our 
sisters, who attends the Bible School at Bulsar (Bul-sar'), is with me now and will re- 
main until the school opens again. She is a good speaker and will be able to help the 
women in deciding the matter of becoming Christians. May the Lord give them 
courage to confess what is in their hearts! 

In May one of our India sisters and I took a trip to several villages, about fifteen 
miles from Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). We started on an early train, taking our 
breakfast and tea along. After we left the train we had about three miles to walk, 
which was a long distance in the great heat. We felt that we could not endure the 
temperature any longer without a rest, so we sought the shelter of a tree not far from 
the road. Our tea-bottle was empty and no water was to be had. Finally we reached 
the village. The teacher was not there, but his house was open. Going in we made 
ourselves at home. Sunderbai (Soon'der-by) made a kettle of tea. We drank it and 
rested until evening, when the teacher came and prepared us some food. He is single 
3'et, so Sunderbai (Soon'der-bye) helped him, and soon we had an excellent meal. We 
did ample justice to it. We had a good meeting that evening and came home the next 
day. There are many hard trips, and the body gets weary, but to carry the Good News 
to those who know it not often helps one to forget that he is weary. 

The work is slow and visible results are few, but the precious promise comes to 
me over and over: "So shall My word be that goeth forth out of My mouth. . . . 
It shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I 
sent it" (Isa. 55: 11). 

Cart Used for Village Work, Anklesvar. 

Annual Report 31 


This has been a very short year to me. When you are trying to get a good general 
idea of conditions, and are interested in being able to speak so that you can be under- 
stood, each moment has its own work and time flies. 

Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) is a good place to study. The Christian people surrounding 
us are very considerate and anxious to help the new Miss Sahib to talk. I enjoyed try- 
ing to tell short Bible stories to the children and asking them questions. To my 
delight, either by intuition or understanding, they were able to answer many of my 
questions. You know what they say some time before you are able to say what they 
say, and can tell somewhat by the answers you receive whether you are making your- 
self understood or not. In the services you are able to follow the line of thought before 
you can speak correctly the sentences you hear. At this time you begin to feel thai 
the wall of silence around you is being broken. One great satisfaction to the new- 
comer is, that as soon as he can pronounce the alphabet, he can pronounce words and 
help in singing. Some of the tunes are very weird and strange, and it seems at first 
as if they repeat until they get tired, and then stop, and there are no signs indicating 
repetition, so one is at sea a long time sometimes before being able to find where the 
others are singing. 

I was with Sister Eliza B. Miller, while Brother and Sister Lichty were at Nasik 
(Nos'sick). During 1914 I expect to be at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) for language 
study. Here I have been out to several of the villages surrounding Anklesvar (Uncle- 
esh'were), where the Bible students are working. It is very encouraging to see how 
ready and eager they are to bring those around them into the light. 

The past year has been an intensely interesting and, I believe, profitable one to me. 
Remember me in your prayers, that as I get the language better I may be more used 
in this needy land. 

"I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all th}' 
marvelous works" (Psa. 9: 1). 



J. M. Blough and wife; Ida C. Shumaker; Q. A. Holsopple and wife; A. Raymond 
Cottrell, M. D.; Laura M. Cottrell, M. D. 

Short History. 

Brother and Sister Stover and Sister Bertha Ryan came to Bulsar (Bul-sar') March, 
1895. Here they established our first mission, station in India. In December of the 
same year Bro. D. L. Miller visited the field, and early the next year the first converts 
were baptized. That year was a famine year and relief work was undertaken. The 
two boarding-schools, one for boys and one for girls, were established. Sister Ryan 
gave most of her time to the boarding-school work until her return to America in the 
fall of 1899. In 1899-1900 there was a very heavy famine and much relief work was 
undertaken. The boarding-school work also was greatly enlarged. Land was secured 
and a bungalow and other buildings were erected. In 1901 Sister Eliza B. Miller took 
charge of the Girls' Boarding-school and remained in this position until 1912, except 
during her year's furlough in 1907-08, during which time Sister Mary N. Quinter had 
the oversight. Brother and Sister Adam Ebey were in charge of the general work 
while Brother and Sister Stover took their first furlough in 1901-02. In 1904 Bro. Em- 
mert enlarged the industrial work, erecting shops and introducing new machinery and 
methods. He continued more or less to look after this work until a few months ago, 
when Bro. Holsopple took charge of it. While Brother and Sister Emmert were on 
furlough a native man assisted in the industrial work. Brother and Sister Blough took 


Annual Report 

The Bulsar Bung-alow. 

the general oversight of the work at Bulsar in 1904. In 1908 a large, substantial church 
was erected. Brother and Sister Blough continued in charge until they went on fur- 
lough in 1911. Then Brother and Sister Emmert had not only to look after the indus- 
trial work and the boarding-school, but also the large, growing church. Sister Quinter 
had charge of the Boys' Boarding-school from 1906 to 1909. Sister Powell assisted in 
this work during 1911. At the beginning of 1912 Sister Shumaker assumed the care 
of the Girls' Boarding-school and at present is organizing a kindergarten class. Brother 
and Sister Blough returned to Bulsar in May, 1913, and he is at the head of the Bible 
Teachers' Training School, which was established in June. 

Bulsar (Bul-sar') County, with 200 square miles, has a population of about 90,000, 
16,000 being in the town of Bulsar (Bul-sar'). The Brethren Mission is the only one 
working here. Adjoining on the east is Chikli (Chick'ly) County, about as large as 
Bulsar (Bulsar'), with 60,000. Here no mission is at work. Also on the east and 
south is Dharampore (Dhur"rum-pore'), a state of 360 square miles and 120,000 popula- 
tion. At least half of this state falls to us. In this section of the country we have all 
classes of Hindus, Mussulmans and Parsis, especially in Bulsar (Bul-sar') town. In 
the country are many thousands of the aboriginal people, who are considered quite 


A Foreword. 

My name appears at the head of this report, but I hope it may be remembered by 
the reader that during much of the year I was not able to be at the station and others 
had to do the work. Sister Ida C. Shumaker only was at Bulsar (Bul-sar') all the year. 
On account of the severe suffering of Sister Emmert, it was necessary to have more 
quiet than can be secured at Bulsar (Bul-sar'). We came to Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) the 
middle of April. For still better conditions and better medical care we went to a 
Bombay (Bom-bay) hospital and remained there until the last of June. When we left 
Bulsar Sister Ziegler kindly went there to help Sister Shumaker, and remained until 
the middle of May. Then Brother and Sister Blough were transferred from Anklesvar 

Annual Report 33 

(Uncle-esh'were), to take up the Bible School work. They did this, and besides their 
own duties cared for what ordinarily belonged to us. 

During these months I made many hurried trips from Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) and 
Bombay (Bom-bay) to direct my part of the labor and assist those wbo were doing 
extra service for our sakes. We shall never be able to repay them for what they did 
for us.- Especially are we indebted to Sister Shumaker for so splendidly caring for our 
children during our enforced absence. It is a wonderful comfort, when so far from 
kindred in the flesh, to find kindred in the Spirit who are so willing to do all in their 
power to help in such times of need. 

In view of the high pressure at which the work at Bulsar (Bul-sar') constantly 
goes the Field Committee graciously decided to relieve us of responsibilities there and 
located us at the more quiet station of Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor), in the hope that Sister 
Emmert might the more speedily recover her wonted strength. However, as the 
Bible School opened June 1, and Bro. Blough was kept very busy with his teaching and 
editorial duties. I continued to make frequent trips to Bulsar (Bul-sar') up to the first 
of December, doing what I could to lighten the duties of those who really were over- 
burdened. All were very glad for the relief that came in the transfer of Brother and 
Sister Hokopple to Bulsar (Bul-sar') at the return of Brother and Sister Stover to 
India, in early November. With this explanation that most of the work was done by 
others, I am willing to give the record of the year as below. 

The Orphanage or Boarding-School. 

In the report of 1912 it was said that " the number in the boarding-school continues 
to grow smaller." This cannot be said of 1913. There were twenty-six boys enrolled 
at the opening of the year and as many at the close. This is significant, as it may 
mark the turning point from which the number may steadily increase. This growing 
number will not be made up of orphans, as formerly, but more especially of children 
from Christian families, sent to finish their vernacular studies and prepare for mission 
work. One of the six boys admitted was a runaway of several years ago. One went to 
Vali (Vul'ly) to farm and one became independent. Four entered the training depart- 

It might be of interest to our readers and supporters to see what some of the 
principal items of expense are in the upkeep of the orphanage. 

Clothing and bedding, $71.84; food, including fuel and labor, $487.75; light, $18.60; 
medicine, $5.60; all school expenses, $211.26; repairs, $16.82; hired help, $95.37; not 
classified, $57.43. Total, $964.67. 

The Boys' School. 

Of course the school is one of the chief centers of attraction at Bulsar (Bul-sar'). 
Education is one of the most important parts of our aims, and we look for rich fruits 
in the days to come. The results of the school work in Bulsar (Bul-sar') during the 
past ten years are very gratifying indeed. At least forty-eight of the 106 male workers 
on the mission staff have secured their education in the Bulsar (Bul-sar') Boys' School 
and Training Department. They are a good set of workers, and we are glad for them. 

On account of the opening of the Bible School, which three of the teachers entered, 
it was necessary to supply teachers in the middle of the year. So was it necessary to 
send grade seven to the Municipal School, as we did not have a competent teacher to 
supply. It is worthy of mention that the young man who had charge of the primary 
class was so interested and so tactful that he succeeded in gathering into his class from 
the village near by two dozen boys, who were attending his night school. This is 
very gratifying, as we have long desired that a work might be done for these children. 
We were required to supply an extra teacher to care for the new pupils — a pleasant 
task. The average of passes in the various classes was a little better than usual. An 
excellent corps of teachers has been secured for the new year. The usual grant of 
fifty dollars from the government was received. 

34 Annual Report 

The Training Department. 

There were eighteen members of the training department during the year. The 
two young men who were in the Teachers' Training College, conducted by the govern- 
ment at Ahmedabad (Ah"mud-ah-bad'), completed their work with satisfactory marks. 
The older of the two has been chosen head master of the boarding-school at Bulsar 
(Bul-sar'), and the other is head master of the boarding-school at Vyara (Vyah'rah). 
They did faithful work in college and were a credit to the mission, especially in their 
conduct. I recently visited the Technical Institute in Surat (Soo-rat'), in which one of 
our boys is studying. The superintendent spoke of him with pride, saying that he is 
a very faithful, apt and prompt student. He also predicted that he will not only learn 
the work but also will be able to teach others. 

A new feature of the department, during the year, was the admission, by special 
arrangement, of several Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) students, who have not yet attained the 
required standard for admission. This became necessary to provide for the education 
of the children of Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) workers, since we do not have our own 
Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) preparatory school. The scholarship enables them to secure an 
education in schools of other missions, but, of course, we should like it better if they 
were in our own schools. There are, at the opening of 1914, sixteen students in the 

The Bulsar Church. 

A glance at the statistical report on the last page will acquaint the reader with the 
figures of the church. Letters granted were, for the most part, to young people who 
have gone out as workers. The working force of the church was greatly increased in 
June by the opening of the Bible Teachers' Training School. Be sure to read what is 
said of it on another page. The help of two Indian ministers was greatly appreciated. 
It is hoped that in the not far distant future most of the preaching to the Indian con- 
gregation may be done by capable Indian brethren. There are some making very 
commendable progress towards the ability necessary for such a task. 

The flesh has not been overcome, as is seen by the fact that seven have been dis- 
owned. As a rule, disowned ones are not happy outside the church and soon return. 
Four such were admitted. In July the afternoon service — a Christian Workdrs' Meet- 
ing — was divided into two sections. The sisters met alone. The change resulted in 
increased interest and activity. 

We look back upon the self-denial week with pleasure. It came during the time 
we were building the Bible School dormitories. It was suggested that, over and above 
the amount to be given as a result of the self-denial of the week, each one give a day's 
wage. Privilege was offered to make the amount by laboring overtime. Almost to 
a man the whole church agreed. The nights were moonlight and the boys, led by their 
school teachers, worked far into the night with might and good will. The carpenters 
put in overtime. The cartmen gave the equivalent of a day. The sisters swarmed to 
Sister Emmert for work, so they, too, could do their part. The girls in the orphanage 
besieged Sister Shumaker, and found a way to gain some money by extra toil. Enthu- 
siasm seldom runs higher in earning mission money. The church "was divided into 
sections, partly according to place of residence, and these sections were to report their 
contributions separately. A friendly rivalry existed that spurred them on to greater 
effort. Several teachers went to town and solicited contributions from Parsi and Hindu 
friends. There was much eagerness to know the final result of the week's efforts. I 
am sure our friends in America rejoice with us that our little church of 177 members, a 
man's daily wage averaging not more than ten cents, was able to report Rs. 243 ($81). 

The Sunday-School. 

The most conspicuous feature of our Sunday-school this year was the phenomenal 
growth of the primary department. Last year's report says there were thirty-five 
names on the roll. At the end of the year the attendance is almost a hundred. The 

Annual Report 35 

class started in a little room in the church. It soon outgrew its quarters. The larger 
room given was satisfactory only a short time. On completion of the Bible School 
dormitories two rooms were kept as one and given to the primary department. But 
this was not sufficient to hold the crowds of children wanting admittance on Christmas 
Day. We shall be glad to be compelled to build a special room for the primary depart- 
ment. The work is in charge of Sister Shumaker, and during the closing months of 
the year she was assisted by Sister Holsopple. The contribution of the entire school 
was $77.74. 

The All-India Sunday-School Examination. 

Of course our school entered the examination. No one would think of anything 
else. The preliminary drill commenced months before and increased in interest as the 
day approached. The day previous, boys in school and shop asked leave to go off 
somewhere alone to study. One hundred and thirty candidates entered and 105 passed. 
Three of the five medals available in all Gujarat (Goo-jer-rot') were taken by members 
of the Bulsar (Bul-sar') school. They were the medals of the highest three depart- 

The English Services. 

There are two English services held weekly in Bulsar (Bul-sar'). The midweek 
prayer meeting is attended by the missionaries and several others. The Sunday even- 
ing service, held just before sundown, is attended by a few more. During the latter 
half of the year Sisters Blough and Shumaker did some visiting among the English- 
speaking people of the town and secured a larger attendance. On the last" Sunday 
evening of the year, at the service conducted by Bro. Early, about fifty were present. 
The offerings of the year were $36.02. 

Evangelistic Work. 

More has been done in the Bulsar (Bul-sar') district this year than had been pos- 
sible for three years. Effort was made to conduct several schools in villages near by, 
but they were not a success and were closed before the rains. One of the teachers 
in the Boys' School had a good night school the whole year. From this school many 
were induced to enter the day school. The school for the fishermen at Bhat (Bhot) 
continues, with some success as ■ a school, but not as much as we desire from the 
evangelistic standpoint. Rupees 46 were received from the government as grant-in-aid. 

The real advance was made after the Bible School opened. The students do 
evangelistic work as a part of their training, and it is hoped that there may be fruit 
in due time. 

Colportage Work. 

This is an increasingly-important branch of our work. The Bible will accomplish 
a good work if it can only secure a reading. Scripture portions are sold daily at the 
railway station, in the villages, and at religious festivals. Conversions resulting direct- 
ly from this work are not many now, but the wide acquaintance with the Bible, result- 
ing from this work, will prepare many hearts for the reception of the truth. During 
the year 1,489 portions of Scripture, six Bibles, twelve New Testaments and 507 tracts 
were sold. A grant is received from the National Bible Society of Scotland for this 

Industrial Work. 

There are three special features in the industrial work this year. First was the 
moving of the shop. The old site was wanted for the Bible School dormitories. Part 
of the shop was torn away to make room for the new buildings, and as it could not be 
determined exactly where the shop ought to be erected again, the year closes with 
only half a shop. 

The second feature is the discontinuance of the weaving of cloth on hand looms. 
This industry had been carried on for more than twelve years in the mission, and not 

36 Annual Report 

without some good results. We have produced some good cloth. Better than the 
cloth made was the character developed. Some of our best mission workers went 
through the weaving department. For the purpose of giving boys work and keeping 
them busy, few industries are as suitable as weaving. But the trade is of little use to 
the boy after he leaves the shop. It is difficult to make a living at the hand loom, 
unless it is done in a factory conducted by some one else who is able to finance it. As 
a business it does not pay the mission. Boys who had learned the trade r ame to the 
age where they wanted to marry, and really had no means of supporting a wife, unless 
they were kept on the work at a loss to the mission, or allowed to go out and secure 
employment on the railroad or in a mill. When thus thrown among non-Christians 
temptation is much more severe and results usually are bad. Several cases of the kind 
convinced me that it ought not to be, and the weaving was discontinued. Boys will be 
taught something else that will be of practical use when they go out from the school. 

The third feature was the building work done. Even before the close of last year 
work was begun on the Bible School dormitories. Two lines, each containing ten 
rooms, were built. The walls are of brick and the roof of patent tiles. All the wood- 
work was done by mission carpenters and the brick work by Hindu masons. During 
the latter half of the year the carpenters were kept busy filling orders for furniture. 

"Unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul" (Psa. 25: 1). 


The chief note of my report this year must be that of thanksgiving to our kind 
Father for all the blessings He has sent, even in the midst of much intense suffering. 
My natural strength gone, I was compelled to lean back upon Him more heavily than 
I was wont to do, and in this, perhaps, is the chief blessing of all this suffering. He 
has been so good to us! May the lessons I learned in distress not be forgotten in 
times of prosperity. So also do I have much reason to thank my fellow-workers. 
They have all been so kind and willing to do all in their power to relieve and to help. 
During the weeks spent in the hospital, and away from my dear little children, it was 
such a comfort to know that kind and loving hands were caring for them and supply- 
ing all their needs. Letters of love and good cheer, with the assurance of kindly 
interest and frequent prayers in my behalf, revealed to me the love and concern of 
friends, both in India and America, in a way that I could not know when I was well. 
My prayer has been that I may be more worthy of it all. It is a great joy to be able 
to care for my children again, and I hope that I may soon be strong enough to do 
work for others than my own family. I am so glad that we have our own doctors now! 
Even the consultation with Dr. Laura has done me good, I think. The Lord grant in 
all that is to do we may be true to Him and to the cause to which He has called us! 

"Now know I that the Lord saveth His anointed; He will hear Him from His 
holy heaven with the saving strength of His right hand" (Psa. 20: 6). 


See our buildings, pages 38, 39. Take a good look at them. Here is where we girls 
live. How many? Let us see. On the morning of Jan. 1, 1913, there were twenty-three 
girls in the boarding-school, including the two girls at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) 
who are taking treatment under the direction of Sister Himmelsbaugh. On the evening 
of the same day there were but twenty girls in the boarding-school. What happened, 
did you ask? Three of our girls stepped into the matrimonial boat and sailed away 
to found Christian homes of their own. Later two more followed, so by Feb. 1 we had, 
all told, but eighteen girls left. Soon after two more little girls were allowed to come 
and live with us; so, for the greater part of the year, we had twenty girls in the board- 
ing-school. Of this number, one had gone to the Girls' Training College at Ahmedabad 
(Ah"mud-ah-bad') for her second year's work, but was obliged to return home for 
the rest of the year on account of ill health. She was, however, used as a teacher in 

Annual Report 37 

our school here when the opening of the Bible School made it necessary for us to 
give up one of the Christian teachers employed during the year in our Girls' School. 

Fifteen of the girls in the orphanage were in school every day, save in vacation, 
and once when all had malaria. Besides the boarding-school girls, we had thirteen girls 
and five little boys from the outside attending the Girls' School. Both teachers and 
pupils aimed to do good work. Of course, you know that " the largest room in the 
world is the room for improvement." It is part of our work to help teach the teachers 
to teach. 

All the girls took an active part in the All-India Sunday-school Examination, and 
many of them received certificates. 

Each girl had her turn in conducting morning and evening prayers. Each girl 
is required to say a few words, at least, on the Scripture lesson read for the occasion. 
We find it essential to do so. One of the weak places in the Indian way of teaching is, 
lack of thought-getting." Many students can read readily, parrotlike, but ask them to 
tell you what they have just read — well, that is a different proposition. 

Each girl, from the youngest to the oldest, took the part assigned her at young 
people's meeting, which is held every Sunday afternoon. 

Every girl, save one, was present each Sunday at all services throughout the year. 
The one little girl who was absent was up country and, through some misunderstanding, 
did not arrive home at the time she was expected. 

We praise God for the good health of the girls this year. 

The general routine among the girls in the boarding-school and in the school work 
was as usual. We had nine big girls and nine little girls. Each big girl acted the part 
of " big sister " to the little girls. The responsibility was good for them. Occasionally 
some " big sister " would come into my room for consultation. In some cases it was 
found fhat the " big sister's " discipline was weak, and she could not manage her charge 
very well, owing to the fact that she was not able to govern herself. When this was 
made clear to her there was a decided change for the better and she was able to manage 
her little charge very well. 

It is no unusual occurrence to have the big girls come into my room to confess 
some faults of their own, or to bring a reluctant little sister to confess what was done 
contrary to the rules of the institution. For instance, by mistake, the little girl whose 
turn it was to lead evening prayers (which usually takes place while I am at the 
bungalow) rang the bell too early. As a consequence, two big girls were not there on 
time. They were bathing, and could not come as soon as the bell rang. As soon as 
I returned to my room these girls came in to say that they were not in prayers on time, 
to give the cause and ask pardon. During this same prayer service something very 
funny occurred. If I were to tell you, you would be forced to smile. All of the girls 
except two little ones controlled themselves. These two tots " snickered out loud." 
Now what! The little girl who was leading was shocked and grieved. Perhaps her 
face showed her feelings. At any rate, these two girls apologized to her and then 
came in to tell me all about it. 

As is our custom, one week is set apart for self-denial and prayer. We observed 
this week in February, closing with a love feast, on which day three of our girls were 
baptized. The girls ate but one full meal a day. That which was saved by so doing, 
and that which was earned by workers outside of school hours and regular working 
hours, were given to the Lord. Flow hard the girls worked! The week following, what 
request did the girls make? It is a rare spiritual feast to attend our District Meetings. 
Our girls seldom get this privilege. They felt they would like to accept the invitation 
to be present. In a body they came with this request: " If you take us to the District 
Meeting, we will fast another week." You may not know what this means. When 
the regular food is given out it is not a bit too much. It means a great sacrifice to 
them to eat but one full meal a day. All went but four little girls. A rare treat, 
indeed, for these girls, who seldom leave the compound, except when crossing the 
road to church when the call to prayer is given. 


Annual Report 

Girls' Orphanage and 

In November the request came for funds to help spread the Gospel. We girls put 
our heads together and tried to plan a way to earn some money, so we could do our 
part in sending forth the blessed news. I gave my plan and then said, " Now, girls, 
you decide what your plan is and then tell me." 

Once a week the girls are given a tablespoonful of ghee (clarified butter), quite a 
delicacy. And they relish it so much! They said, "We have decided to give up using 
any ghee from now on until Christmas. The money that you spend for ghee we will 
give gladly. Then we will do the extra work assigned us. You may give that money, 
too. If that is not enough, take our regular earnings." At the close of the week the 
girls were called to put their money into the little envelopes provided for that purpose. 
Such an experience I shall not soon forget. Would that you could have seen the 
faces of those girls as each in turn put her offering into the envelopes! Several of them 
said, as they gave their offering, " This is for the Lord. May it be the means of saving 
many souls." The amount was Rupees 14 ($4.66). Rupees 13 were given by the girls 
present, and now, listen! One of our girls, who died the latter part of 1912, said before 
she went home to God, " Here is one rupee which I saved. I want to give it to send 
the Gospel to those who know not my Jesus." We used it at this time. 

Besides the five marriages and the three baptisms, we had three engagements. Now 
all our big girls, save one who is blind, are engaged: not enough girls to go around. 

These are interesting experiences. Besides all other experiences a missionary has, 
we have to conduct a matrimonial bureau of information. The first engagement took 
place at District Meeting. The girl in question had never been asked for. Oh, no. 
indeed, she was never going to get married. She would always stay with Miss Sahib 
in the boarding-school. Did you ever hear an American girl say something similar? 
Just before going to District Meeting she made a very emphatic statement to the 
same effect. The result? While at District Meeting, one of our boys asked me for 
this girl. I asked her if she would take him. The words were scarcely spoken when 
she said, so heartily, "Yes"! 

The second took place a few weeks later, and the third, which is a very interesting 
affair, began just as the old year was dying. I should like to tell you all about it, but 
for want of time and space will mention a few facts which may cause some of you 
boys to " sit up and take notice." One of our very best boys received a note from one 
of our best girls, written by my permission. Soon a request to call at my home to 
speak to me and to the girl was given. Four days passed before I granted permission 

Annual Report 


School, Bulsar. 

to call. We had a heart-to-heart talk concerning the purpose of his visit. At the 
proper time I called the girl and permission was given to talk the matter over. It 
would have done your hearts good to hear that conversation. It was so refreshing! 
After the girl was given permission to go to her room, I said to the boy, " Now, what 
is your desire?" He replied, and true, noble manhood was depicted in every word 
and act: " It is this way, Miss Shumaker. You see I have some difficulties in the 
way. I have one year and a half in school here, and, if I am permitted to go to college, 
which is my desire, I will have four years there. I cannot get married for at least 
five or six years. I wanted to state the case plainly to you and to her. I know she 
will finish her school work before I will, and I do not desire her to wait for me unless 
she prefers doing so. Furthermore, after telling her of my difficulties, I urged her to 
choose another and not to wait for me, to which she replied, ' I will wait for you. I 
want you and no other. I will serve the mission until your work is finished.' Now, it 
is my desire that she become my wife. It is her desire that I become her husband. You 
have consented to sanction this union. Now it remains to be seen if God will sanction 
this. I will take no further steps until I am sure that this is the Father's desire. If 
God be in this, then our union will be perfect and joyous, and unhappiness cannot 
intrude. During the four days that you did not call me to your home, I spent most of 
the time in prayer concerning this matter. Now it is in God's hands. Whatever He 
does is best." 

On the evening of Nov. 10 we had quite a scare. One little girl, contrary to the 
rules, wandered in the direction of the well, which is very deep, and proceeded to draw 
water. She succeeded in getting the backet to the top, when she lost her balance, and 
down she and the bucket went the full length of the rope. She managed to climb up the 
rope far enough to get her mouth above the water and scream. She held on until she was 
rescued, unharmed. Surely this was due to Providence and her cleverness. 

Besides the time spent with the girls in the boarding-school and in other lines 
of work, we have tried to do what we could for the children in the primary department 
of our Sunday-school and in our Children's Mission Band, which meets on Thursday. 
Two native Christian girls help in the work. Since Sisters Holsopple and Cottrell are 
at Bulsar (Bul-sar') they have rendered very valuable service in this work. 

What a happy day for us when Brethren Early and Royer came to see us! 
What an inspiration to all of us! The children and all were so grateful! The dear 
Lord bless and reward accordingly. 

40 Annual Report 

When the Bible students came, we found it necessary to divide our primary class 
and move into larger quarters. Fifteen of the largest and most advanced pupils were 
promoted. Our class kept on getting larger. We are experiencing the great joy of 
having a number of non-Christian Dubla (Doo'blah) children come to these meetings 
on Sunday and Thursday. On March 13 the first Dubla (Doo'blah) children came, 
only a few boys and girls. On Christmas Day seventy non-Christian children and 
two mothers were present, to say nothing of those on the outside. Over two hundred 
were in the room, which was filled to overflowing. Pray earnestly that all these, and 
many more than were present at the close of the year 1913, may be won for the 
Savior. We tremble as we enter these open doors of opportunity, lest we fail to do 
all in our power to win these souls. One must move on wisely lest the door be suddenly 
closed. Pray that we may have wisdom to know what to do and what to say, and 
how to do and say it in the right time and in the right way. In dealing with these 
people we must be " wise as serpents and harmless as doves." Brethren, pray for us. 
Another door of opportunity stood wide open. Repeatedly the urgent call came 
ringing from the superintendent and teachers and students of the Bai Avabai (Bye 
Ah'vah-bye") High School of Bulsar (Bul-sar') to come and lecture to the 203 boys 
(this number includes two of our Christian boys who are studying English) on any 
subject we might choose. In this school there are eight regular and two special 
teachers. The manager is a wealthy Parsi (Par-see'), living in Bombay (Bom-bay). 
The school is composed of Parsis, Hindus, Mohammedans, and other castes. One day 
we were privileged to stand face to face with these intelligent, well-behaved boys. Oh, 
what a blessed privilege! How they listened to every word that was said, leaning 
forward in their seats lest they should fail to catch every word! Besides the talks 
which we tried to give as God gave us wisdom, we taught them a marching song and 
how to march. This feat was performed when the government inspector came to 
inspect their work. We were also urged to teach a class, which we did. This was done 
to help the teacher. Each Saturday morning, from 10 to 11, these talks were given, 
whenever possible. We hope by the grace of God to help them still more during the 
coming year. To show their appreciation of our feeble efforts, at the request of the 
manager, a beautiful gift was sent to the mission on Christmas Day. This was a large 
tray filled with choice Indian fruits, goodies, sweets, etc. But better still was the 
beautiful spirit of the letter which was sent with the gift. To God be the honor and 
the glory! 

We have mentioned a few of the doors of opportunity that are opening. We can- 
not, with our present force of workers on the field, enter all these open doors, much 
as we long to do so. Our time and strength are not sufficient. Some work must be 
left undone. Dear reader, will YOU come and help us? Will you do all in your 
power, backed up by the power of God? Encourage and help others to come! Will 
YOU "go or send, pray or spend?" The Lord direct. 

" Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature" (Mark 16: 15). 


At Anklesvar. 

After fourteen months of pleasant service at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) we moved 
back to Bulsar (Bul-sar') on May 5. While at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) we gave 
as much time as possible to the very important evangelistic work carried on there 
among twoscore of villages, and our hearts were saddened all the time because we had 
to neglect if so much. The editorial work was regular and had to be done on time, 
the new bungalow was being built, there was correspondence and there were meetings 
and committees which required attention; all these reduced our time for real evangel- 
istic work. But we had many trips among the villages and many enjoyable hours with 
the uncultured people in trying to teach them the truth. The Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'- 
were) Station has at least one virtue, i. e., the people come in crowds to the missionary 

Annual Report 41 

— yes, right into his home — and he has opportunity in abundance to help them, though 
he cannot go into their homes, but it is better when he can also go to see them. The 
building of the bungalow was not so great a task, for we had a contractor, but, of 
course, some work did not turn out as we had hoped. Contract work must be closely 
watched. It is much easier to build here than at a jungle station, because all materials 
can be had near at hand. After moving from Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) we returned 
a few times to attend council meeting and love feast. 

Prakash Patra (Pru-kosh' Put'rah). 

This is the name of our monthly church paper. It contains sixteen pages and is 
sold at eight cents per year, postage extra. The subscription list being only several 
hundred makes it impossible for the paper to support itself, and yet, the people being 
so poor, we dare not increase the subscription price. Throughout the year Sister Alice 
K. Ebey wrote weekly Bible Lessons for the instruction of the simple village people, 
which presented the fundamental truths of Christianity in a splendid manner. Sister 
Eliza B. Miller supplied excellent Christian Workers' Topics, which were published all 
3~ear, and used pretty generally throughout the churches. For six months of the year 
Bro. Adam Ebey conducted a Bible contest. Ten questions were given each month, 
and it would have done your soul good to see the Christians search their Bibles from 
end to end to find the answers, working even up to midnight. You would be surprised 
to know how well they can answer even hard -questions. Bro. Ebey had to make the 
questions more difficult toward the last. One hundred and fifty-eight people participated 
and eighty-eight received prizes. It cost us some labor and $30 in money, but we think 
it did more good than that. At the close of the year I turned the paper over to Bro. 
Stover, who will be its editor again. 

Sunday-School Quarterly. 

We have- closed the seventh volume of the quarterly, during which time we have 
been taken over the greater part of the Bible in our study, and I suspect the editor 
has received more benefit than the readers. It has been a pleasant work, but always 
too hurried. Other duties rob me of the time this work really demands. To be 
responsible for a station or a Bible School and other work often so tires one that he 
cannot put his best into such work. And yet our friends have been too kind to criticise 
us. Their sympathy and patience help us. Two thousand copies of each were pub- 
lished, and nearly all of these were used each time. Eight different missions use it. This 
year a new feature was added to the quarterly. P"or some time we felt that the teachers 
needed more help than they were getting, hence we added a department, " Hints to 
Primary Teachers," written by Sister Shumaker, who for some years edited the same 
department in the Brethren Teachers' Monthly, in America. She has not forgotten how 
to teach nor to tell others how to teach, and these hints each Sunday have proved 
very helpful to many and have been highly commended in other missions as well as 
our own. I think teachers of other grades read the notes just as eagerly, perhaps, 
as the primary teachers. This department has increased the size and the value of the 
quarterly, yet we preferred not to increase the price. It is published at a loss. 

Bible Teachers' Training School. 

During the first five months of the year Bro. Emmert had the twenty dormitories 
built right back of the church. These were occupied the last of May by fourteen 
families. Not all the rooms were needed this first year. Two rooms were thrown into 
one and used by Sister Shumaker for the primary class of the Sunday-school and also 
for the missionary meetings. Sometimes she crowds over ISO into this room. Another 
room is also used for a Sunday-school class. These rooms make very comfortable 


Annual Report 

homes for the families, though of course not large. They are built in two lines, ten 
rooms in each. At the rear of each is a small cook-house. The main room is only 
12 x 12 feet, with a veranda in front. 

School opened the first of June and closed the last of November. Fourteen men 
and eight women were admitted to the class. The women were not all qualified, but 
being here with their husbands were admitted. Four of the women passed, and only 
one of the men failed. The women were hindered in their studies by family duties, 
all but two being mothers. There were twenty-one children in their families. Three 
babies required cradles (swings, rather), and these came to class. Older children, who 
could not go to school, were kept at home by another woman. It was an inspiration 
to see how the students tried to learn, and learn they did, too. All worked earnestly, 
and it was a pleasure to teach them. The man who failed had difficulties in language, 
and, being a young convert, had no foundation in Bible knowledge. 

There were classes in four subjects for an hour each every day, and the same teacher 
in all. Each day opened with a half hour's devotion, in which all the men took their turn. 
The students also took an active interest in village and bazaar preaching. A Moham- 
medan convert was with us awhile. He is a good old man and delights in preaching. 
Our men accompanied him to the town of Bulsar (Bul-sar'), where they had some 
interesting times. They were opposed and persecuted, and some stones and dirt were 
thrown at them. But they persevered and with a little help all became quiet. 

How grateful we are to the donors who made this Bible School possible! Twenty 
rooms were asked for and twenty-two made possible. These two may be built later. 
We hope soon to have each room marked by a name indicating the person or class or 
congregation giving the $120. I wish you might come to see the rooms. Here we give 
you a picture of them. 

Tlie Bulsar Church, With Bible Students in Pront. 

Annual Report 


Bulsar Bible School Dormitories. 

Money for these was raised by Bro. J. M. Blough when on furlough in 1910-11. 

District Mission Work. 

Just a word concerning this work, for we are all interested in it. The churches in 
India did splendidly in work and sacrifice and brought a thousand rupees for the 
District Meeting offering, the largest amount yet. The Board started on a new policy 
this year, that of buying some land and settling the poor Christians on it. The prospect 
is pretty good this year. If carefully managed this plan will make it possible to keep 
our Christians together, to train them and their children better, and also permit them 
to be self-supporting. A few families moved away during the year, so the community 
is still small. 


The year 1913 seemed to me the hardest we had had in India. The regular duties 
were many, the experienced workers were few, there was a great deal of sickness and 
moving about, so that extra duties and unexpected ones crowded in upon us. But 
we praise the Lord for strength and health for work every day of the year, and for 
grace to fill us always with faith and joy. He mercifully sustained and supplied every 

"I will not fail thee nor forsake thee" (Joshua 1: 5). 


In looking back over the year 1913, it makes one feel glad that the year is really in 
the past, not to be lived over again; not because of the busy days and the drain on our 
physical strength, but because of the concern for the work, with few and crippled 
workers. It is not possible for any one fully to realize how heavy the burden rests 
upon the few who must shoulder the responsibilities on the mission field, unless that 
one have the privilege of standing in the ranks of a company of broken-down workers, 
and of seeing the opportunities to save souls slip out of one's hands, simply because 
strength is exhausted and the time gone by. One stands helpless with a longing desire 
to do more. 

At Anklesvar. 

The first four months were spent in the Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) Mission 
Home, with Sisters Ziegler and Himmelsbaugh, doing village work, and Brother and 
Sister Holsopple studying the language. In that home it was our first duty and 

44 Annual Report 

privilege to provide the food and such comforts as are necessary to keep a mission 
family in good health. We have learned by experience that we cannot afford to neglect 
these things, for in order to keep up strength good food and pure water are necessary, 
and these cannot be provided without some effort. 

We had long-continued sickness in the home, when our good nurse was not able 
to take charge, so the duties fell heavily. But the Lord gives strength for every need. 
Each morning at eight o'clock we met in the church-room for a Bible lesson and prayer 
with the Christian women and others who happened in at the time. The village people 
coming frequently to the bungalow gives one the opportunity to teach the Gospel to 
the heathen in our own home, and this we enjoyed- 

At Bulsar. 

In the beginning of May we came to Bulsar (Bul-sar') to help in the work here. At 
that time Brother and Sister Emmert were away from home, Sister Emmert trying to 
regain her health. Their three children were here in Sister Shumaker's care. The 
work here in the home, in the boarding-school and in the Christian community came 
back to us in a natural way, for here is where we lived before going to America on 

After the Bible School opened in June, we found six women among the wives of 
the Bible students who were not qualified to take the regular work. Some even could 
not read. So they were given an hour's lesson from the Bible each day, and we also 
gave them a teacher who taught them to read. This class of six women (mothers) 
took their books and slates and sat in a room for two hours every day, learning to read, 
and they made some progress, too. 

Every Thursday afternoon we had a special meeting for all the Christian women. 
The women took part in conducting these meetings and we had very pleasant times 
together. During the last month we turned it into a sewing society and made a heavy 
quilt for a family that was burned out. 

Our Home. 

In August Bro. Emmert and family moved to Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor), and in 
November Brother and Sister Holsopple came here to take up their work. Early in 
December the Doctors Cottrell joined our family. Bro. Heisey and family were also 
with us from October to the end of the year. Our Christmas season was a most 
enjoyable one. On Christmas Day Bro. Royer came in on a surprise, and two days 
later Bro. Early arrived. The last two days of the year twenty-eight missionaries met 
with the visiting elders here and we had a most joyous time. What a blessed season 
we had together as the old year passed away! We praise God for this joy. 

"And He sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick " (Luke 9: 2). 


Ten months of the year 1913 were spent at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). However, 
my report is given under the name of Bulsar (Bul-sar'), because that is where I am at 
present. Leaving Sister Holsopple at Bulsar (Bul-sar') for a few days I went to 
Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) December 31, 1912. A few days later she went thither, 
and together we continued the study of second year Gujarati (Goo"jer-rot'ty), which 
had been stopped for the two months we were at Bulsar (Bul-sar'). 

With the exception of a few interruptions, this study, on my part, continued until 
May, when Bro. Blough went to Bulsar (Bul-sar'). This placed the work of the 
Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were) Station largely on the inexperienced shoulders of the 
writer. It is hardly necessary to say that the formal study had to be laid aside. With 
the exception of a few weeks in August it has not been resumed. The work of getting 
the teachers' houses ready for monsoon weather kept me busy until after the rains 
began. This work had many phases which tended rapidly to increase my experience 
of certain sides of missionary life. 

Annual Report 45 

The coming of the rains and the opening of the agricultural labor brought another 
set of problems. 'Many of our Christian farmers look to the missionary for help in 
details, which shows their lack of foresight. I do not complain of the work, nor of 
the people whose history makes such things necessary, but I merely state that it 
tended to give me an insight into another of the problems of the missionary. 

In March and April a neat churchhouse was built in a village several miles from 
Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). The bungalow for the single sisters was completed and 
painted. This was scarcely finished when a hard storm took a number of tiles from the 
roof. A second storm took some more, and then they were properly anchored. 

The latter part of August and September the wind pump was erected and a water 
system installed, which supplies water to both bungalows. The old bungalow was then 
given a coat of paint. We were ready to welcome Brother and Sister Stover back to 
India and to Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). This was our pleasure on Saturday, the first 
of November. Over one hundred of the village Christians had come in, and the 
returned missionaries received such a welcome as one rarely meets outside of India. 

Our experience during the six months from May to November were many, and no 
doubt we made numerous mistakes. As we look back upon them we can consider them 
as much valuable training to us. 

Coming to Bulsar (Bul-sar') Nov. 3, to which place Sister Holsopple preceded me 
several days, I took over the work Bro. Emmert had been doing. This includes the 
industrial work, Boys' Boarding-school and the training department. Reports of these 
institutions for the year have been given by Bro. Emmert. Much of this work is new 
to me, but in it I have the benefit of the advice and kindly consideration of Bro. 

Here, as at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were), Sister Holsopple has many opportunities 
for service, which, however, infringe upon our study of the language. But the con- 
tact with the people helps us to learn to know them. And thus the sacrifice on the 
one hand does not seem to be an uncompensated loss. As the work comes more in hand 
we hope to secure some time for regular language study, for we wish to get a proper 
grasp on this, our chief means of communication. 

May the Lord bless our meager efforts to His glory! 

"Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might" (Eccles. 9: 10). 


The first week of the new year was spent in helping Sister Emmert at Bulsar (Bul- 
sar'), and then I went to Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). Here we had the privilege of 
sharing the hospitable home of Brother and Sister Blough. I again took up the study 
of Gujarati (Goo"jer-rot'ty), which later was interfupted by sickness continuing for 
several months. During this time Sister Blough was a capable and sympathetic nurse 
to me. By the time Brother and Sister Blough went to Bulsar (Bul-sar'), the Father 
had blessed me with sufficient health to enable me to assume the responsibilities that 
fall upon the wife of a missionary. I also had a class of Sunday-school children, and 
frequently conducted women's prayers in Gujarati (Goo"jer-rot'ty). 

In July we entertained our Field Committee and others of the missionaries. Dur- 
ing August Rev. and Mrs. Harvey, of the Vanguard Mission at San Jan (Sun-John'), 
were with us for a short vacation and to study the language. While they were with 
us we unitedly put our efforts on language work. I continued the study of Gujarati 
(Goo"jer-rot'ty) until coming to Bulsar (Bul-sar') the latter part of October. 

In November I had fever at intervals, which finally showed the symptoms of 
malaria. After four weeks of suffering I was taken to the hospital in Bombay (Bom- 
bay). There, through good treatment and under the blessings of our Father, I recovered 
and left the hospital after nine days' treatment. Dec. 7, the day our new missionaries 
landed in Bombay, I was discharged from the hospital. A few days were then spent 
at the committee meeting at Vyara, and in making preparations for the holidays. 


Annual Report 

We had a very happy Christmas, which was made all the more joyous by the 
arrival of my father at noon on Christmas Day. It is indeed a great privilege to have 
him in my Indian home. 

Since my return from the hospital I have had the pleasure of assisting Sister Shu- 
maker in taking care, of her large class of Sunday-school pupils. 

Thus has passed the year 1913, with many joys and some sorrows. Have we used 
our strength in the way to count for most? May God give us wisdom in the new 
year so to do! 

"His mercy endureth forever" (Psa. 106: 1). • 

The Baliami Bungalow. 



Adam Ebey and Wife and Two Children. 
Short History. 

In March, 1902, an Indian worker, John Kashap (Kosh'up), opened work in 
Dahanu (Du-hah'noo). In December Brother and Sister Ebey located here. Bro. 
Ebey opened some medical work in 1903, and in 1904 Dr. Yereman opened his dis- 
pensary. Many patients were treated and quite a few operations were performed. A 
hospital and dispensary building were planned near the sea and temporary shacks 
erected and used for this purpose, but plans were changed and Dr. Yereman returned 
to America. In 1905 land was purchased near Karadoho and building was begun. 
Brother and Sister Brubaker had charge from September, 1907, to February, 1910. 
Brother and Sister Ebey have been in charge since then. The people are friendly and 
the medical work is extensive. Opportunities are great for medical and educational 
work. There are several good schools. 

Dahanu (Du-hah'noo) County has an area of 332 square miles, has 133 villages and 
a population of about 70,000. Its western boundary is the Arabian Sea. Near the sea 

Annual Report 47 

fisher people and farming classes of Hindus form the mass of the population. Inland 
a few miles it is hilly and the people are aborigines. There is large timber trade at 
Souta (Sou'tah), where over 100,000 carts of timber come in from the jungle in a single 
season of five months. About seventy per cent of the people are classed as backward, and 
ninety-six per cent are illiterate. Dependent on Dahanu (Du-hah'noo) County, and 
lying to the north, is Umbergaon (Oom'bur-gown) Petha (Pay'tah) — sun-county — 
with an area of 314 square miles, seventy-nine villages and about 70,000 people. The 
people are backward and illiterate. 

East of Dahanu (Du-hah'noo) is Jawhar (Ju-wahr') State. This is a native state 
and has a ruling prince of the Koli caste. Area, 310 square miles, 107 villages and a 
population of about 55,000. Here eight-six per cent of the people are of the aboriginal 
tribes and ninety-six per cent illiterate. The people are superstitious and animistic. 
The king is an enlightened and educated man. 


From our side the record of another year is made. To report what has been 
done and what we are doing is easy. So little has been done and but little of what 
has been done appears, that to report it is a simple matter. But the real report, the 
impressions on hearts, the lives touched, the pains relieved — the report of these things 
must be left to a wiser Hand. 


Two men have been at work in the villages near by. One of these frequently took 
medicines along, and thus helped the sick. Very little opposition was found anywhere. 

The work at Palghar (Pol'gur) continues. S. Mahadev (Mu-hah'dav), an Indian 
brother, who has had several years of medical study and training and a big experience, has 
a dispensary there. His work is about self-supporting. Palghar (Pol'gur) is a Brah- 
man stronghold. Our brother was living in a Brahman's rented house. The Brahman's 
fellows gave him no end of trouble and we vacated the house. We have put up a mis- 
sion house where some 4,000 people got medicine during the year and heard the Word. 

Four persons were baptized during the year. One was a Mussulman. 


One of the important lines of mission work is the distribution of Christian litera- 
ture. Two men have been at work all year; one at Palghar (Pol'gur), the other at 
Dahanu (Du-hah'noo). The Dahanu (Du-hah'noo) colporteur disposed of 796 Scrip- 
ture portions, four New Testaments, two Bibles and over 1,200 tracts during the year. 
The Palghar (Pol'gur) worker sold 740 Scripture portions, one New Testament, two 
Bibles and over 1,200 tracts during the year. This literature will bring forth fruit. 
Many a man has the courage to read something bought away from home, who would 
not dare to stop and listen to a street preacher. 


Besides the two Sunday-schools at the bungalow, there were two regular Sunday- 
schools in connection with two of the village schools. Two others were held in 
villages near by. The last two are the work of one of the evangelists. In one of the 
village Sunday-schools, fifteen passed the All-India Sunday-school Union examination. 
These Hindu (Hin'doo) children are happy with their certificates. 


As for many years past, the medical work has been heavy and has taken much of 
the missionary's time and strength. We are always getting into deep water, even 
beyond our depth, but the Lord in a wondrous way has blessed our efforts to help the 
people, and we get a good many calls away from home, many of which we must pass 


Annual Report 

unheeded. We have our limitations. We are hoping that shortly the medical work 
here may be placed on a better basis by having it under the supervision of our doctors. 

In all we had 9,994 new cases this year, which means at this place about 60,000 days' 
treatment. Fees received have about paid for the medicines given. The dispensary is 
almost self-supporting outside the support of the missionary. Our medicines cost us 
over $400. We took in over $300, and have over $100 worth more stock on hand than 
we had at the beginning of the year. 

Besides the 9,994 new cases reported above, we had 4,235 who came back for a sec- 
ond, or third, or fifth treatment. As usual, skin diseases lead, with over 5,000 cases. 
To these we gave out over 200 pounds of ointment. 

There is a demand for a hospital, but we cannot see the way clear to do much 
work of that kind. However, we had during the year, seven or eight cases here for 
several days at a time. Some of these we put up in the bungalow, some with Christian 
families, and several cases we had for many days in a corner of our little dispensary. 
Three babies were born here, whose parents live at other places. A hospital for 
women and children is a real need, and would be a great success at once. We have made 
many calls to see the sick. We seldom refuse to go to see a sick woman or child, 
though they be not very sick. The husbands and fathers can usually arrange to get 
here to the dispensary if they want to do so, but often the wives and children must stay 
at home, and without medicine, if the missionary does not go to see them. 


Seven day schools and two night schools have been in session. Last year we 
reported five. Now we have nine. Next year we hope to have still more. Our only 
limitations in the school work are proper teachers and the necessary money. The 
children are ready to be assembled in schools and eager to be taught. 

The following table will help you get a good idea of our school work: 

Name of School. 













i C 

















•s i S : £ 


Malyan (Mul-yon), .... 

Rai (Rye), 

Rai Night,* 

Chikli (Chick'ly), 

Masoli (Musso'ly),f 
Wangaon (Won'gown), 
Wangaon Night,* 










Souta (Sow'tuh), 1240! 361 12[ 

Home, i 2 8l| 16| 3 1_19|_ 

Total, |1728| 298| 56| 354|~ 





_ 4 I 



33f 29 
521 47 
25| 16 
481 34 

_ 19| 10 

354| 258 

631 73 

371 35 

171 17 

20| 28 

30| 27 

481 43 

21 25 

42 45 

13| 1 8 

390| 311 




35! 39 
16| 17 

251 38 

_ 4| 9 

186| 218 

* Nights, f Afternoons. 

We have been having much sickness among the teachers. In February a well- 
recommended young man came to assist in the school work at Malyan (Mul-yon'). He 
had smallpox in his system, which developed at once and proved to be very malignant 
■ — confluent. After much suffering he passed away in a hospital in Bombay (Bom-bay). 
A few months before his death his little boy had died. A short time after his death, 
the little girl of the principal died. She had not been well from birth. Shortly after- 
wards the lady principal took sick with bad bowel trouble, presumably tubercular. At 
once she was taken away, and after much treatment at different places, to no avail, she 
passed away in July. Her husband, the principal, had contracted a severe cough, 

Annual Report 49 

which seemed to be tubercular. He tried many physicians, and at last was given the 
inoculation treatment. Finally the doctors told him that they did not know what 
ailed him. It seemed to be tubercular, but was not. He is stili living, but has no 
hopes of getting well. His eldest son became sick and died. The wife and son. of 
the second teacher went to Bombay (Bom-bay) for a few days, took sick and died in 
less- than a week. There have been seven deaths in these three families in a year, 
and all more or less connected with two schools. You may think what the effect is 
on the school work at the two places! Happily, there has not been much sickness 
elsewhere, and the other schools, with slight exceptions, have been regular. 


Added to the regular station duties have been the duties attending the treasury. 
During the year over 200 cheques were written for the mission. As the work grows, 
more and more time is required to keep the accounts. Then the Bible Question Con- 
test, mentioned elsewhere, took much time, but we feel it was good for us and for all 
taking part. 

For all these duties' the Lord has given strength. We are conscious of mistakes 
and failures. Blunders have been made. We are human, but we are hopeful in every- 
thing. The sowing time will be followed sooner or later by a glorious reaping time. 
We have the good will of the people all around us. We have their confidence to a 
marked degree. May we be enabled to reach their hearts still more! "Saved to 

" Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto Thy name give glory, for Thy mercy 
and for Thy truth's sake" (Psa. 115: 1). 


The missionary wife and mother does not have the large field nor the varied expe- 
riences of those in the front of the battle. But there are plenty of things to keep her 
hands busy and her heart and mind full. Oh, that we were strong enough and wise 
enough to lay hold of the countless opportunities that God gives us daily to work and 
witness for Him! 


Housekeeping and the care of the children has, as usual, occupied much of the 
time during the year. This part of the work is needful, and a pleasure it is to make a 
home, not only for our own family, but for the Christian families around us and for 
the stranger who comes within our gates. There are five families living on the com- 
pound. These lives are knit very closely with our own. They depend on us for help 
and medicines in times of sickness, for comfort in sorrow, and for advice in matters 
both temporal and spiritual. 

.Not many days pass without guests to entertain. Sometimes the colporteurs or 
village teachers come in for books or for directions concerning the work. Frequently 
they linger for a cup of tea and a chat with " mama." Sometimes their wives and 
children come. Of course there are many things to talk over, from the pimple on the 
baby's cheek to the very gravest matters of spiritual import. 

Non-Christian friends of all classes often drop in. They usually are interested in 
seeing how we live, and so are shown over the bungalow. Some of them linger for 
little talks, and we hope some seed falls on good ground that may spring up and 
yield a harvest. Occasionally we have Indian guests with us over night. 


The Lord has graciously preserved t % e health of our own family this year, but 
there has been much sickness among our Christian families and heathen neighbors. 
Though I do not attempt to do much medical work, in Bro. Ebey's absence, consider- 
able medical work of common diseases falls to my share. There were five births this 
year on our premises, two of our own people and three from elsewhere, and we gave 

50 Annual Report 

personal care to the mothers and babes. Two of the Christian women teachers died. 
One was doing good work in the primary grades of our largest school. The other 
left a babe only one month old. An aunt has been trying to care for the babe. We 
help and advise her as we can. A few times heathen women have called me to their 
homes to advise in case of sickness. Then we felt keenly the need of a lady doctor in 
this field. 

The Women. 

Our Christian women have been meeting every Thursday afternoon for Bible study 
and prayer. We have studied chapter by chapter from Ephesians to Hebrews. Some 
of these chapters contain deep truths for women who cannot even read. But it is a 
marvel how some of these simple, uneducated women grasp the meaning of some of 
these deep things of God. The regular number has been five, but frequently we have 
had interested visitors. These women have also been in my Sunday-school class each 
Sunday afternoon. Three of them passed the Sunday-school examination in July. I 
have had no regular sewing class for the women, but have cut out and helped to put 
together many garments for them during the year. We like to encourage thrift and 
economy in these Christian homes, and we want them to learn to do their own sewing. 

The Children. 

The work among the children has been exceedingly interesting. At the beginning 
of the year a small day school was organized for the children living near us. This 
school has been taught by one of our Christian women, and though the number of 
children is small, we feel that a good start has been made. Each Sunday morning these 
children, most of them from Hindu homes, come to our front veranda for Sunday- 
school, eager to hear the Bible stories, so new and strange to them. They have mani- 
fested a surprising interest, and most of them know the principal sfories from Adam 
to Joshua. They sing with more enthusiasm than system, but these gospel hymns will 
stick to them. They can repeat a number of texts and always join reverently in prayer. 
Four boys passed the All-India Sunday-school Union Scripture Examination. There 
has been an average attendance of twelve. ( The new year starts out with a larger at- 
tendance, and we hope to do more for these children during the coming year. 

" I am Thine, save me: for I have sought Thy precepts" (Psa. 119: 94). 



J. B. Emmert, wife and three children; Mary N. Quinter (deceased Jan. 14, 1914); 
Sadie J. Miller (temporarily). 

Short History. 

Brother and Sister D. L. Forney opened this station in 1898. In 1900 land was 
bought, and a bvingalow and buildings for a Boys' Boarding-school were erected. In 
1904 Bro. J. B. Emmert took general charge, the boarding-school was closed and the 
boys removed to Bulsar (Bul-sar'). Bro. Emmert established an industrial work for 
some of the older boys, but this was merged into the Bulsar (Bul-sar') work at the 
close of 1904, and Bro. Emmert also went there. At this time Brother and Sister I. S. 
Long took charge of the Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) work, remaining until they were trans- 
ferred to Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) work in 1909. The Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) work has 
been largely among the fisher people. Several large schools had been opened for 
these people. In September, 1909, Sister Quinter founded a Widows' Home. Sister 
Kathryn Ziegler had charge while Sister Quinter took her furlough. At present Broth- 
er and Sister Emmert are located here, and Sister Sadie J. Miller has temporary charge 
while Sister Quinter is resting and getting ready to go to the hospital for an operation. 
Bro. Emmert has general charge of the schools, bookselling and evangelistic work as 
the year closes. 

Annual Report 


Tlie Jalalpor Bung-alow. 

Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) Mission Station is situated near the railway, 148 miles north 
of Bombay (Bom-bay). There are ninety-one villages in the count}', of which Jalalpor 
(Jul-lal'poor) is the county seat. The total population of the county is 80,000. Two 
miles awaj' is the town of Xavsari (Now'sor-ry), in the native state of Baroda (Bur- 
oh'dah). This town has 23,000 inhabitants, and within the territory belonging to this 
station are other towns and villages with easily 15,000 more. People are Hindus, 
Mohammedans and Parsis. Caste feeling is strong. The men of about one-third of 
the villages of the county spend most of the year in fishing and on freight boats, mak- 
ing- it verv difficult to reach them. 


Ever since our Widows' Home was started, some five years ago, our dear Sister 
Quinter (deceased) has had charge of it, except the year she was home on furlough. 
Her place is vacant and her absence painfully felt. She is gone, but will always live 
in our hearts. The work she has done is in evidence on every hand, reminding us of 
the high standard to which it was brought by her. Her life has been an inspiration 
to us, and we will be the better for having lived and worked with her and known her. 
The widows, too, mourn their loss and feel her absence most keenly. 

In India, of all unfortunate women, the widows come first. Among Hindus they 
are treated no better than a dog, and not as good as a cow. The cow, you know, is 
sacred to them. 

Because of this, widows need to be protected, and we consider our Widows' Home 
one of the most noble institutions we have, in that the widows are saved from 
becoming public property. 

Christianity places a widow in a position where she is not looked down upon. 
If she so desires, and there is any one asking for her, she may remarry. For this reason 

52 Annual Report 

the home is constantly undergoing changes; some marrying and leaving and other new 
ones coming in. 

They come from two main sources. First, when our Christian women become 
widows, they are brought here. Many of these were once girls in the orphanage. Sec- 
ond, those from non-Christian ranks. They are, indeed, usually a problem. To place 
our trained, polished girls, now widows, in the same home with these unpolished, un- 
trained, ignorant, superstitious women, brings about not the most congenial condition. 

Heribai (Hee'ree-bye), with one small daughter, became a widow in the Vali 
(Vul'ly) church, and was brought here a year ago. Before marriage she was in the 
Pandita (Pun-dit'tah) Ramabai (Rom'ah-bye) institution. Then she married one of 
our Christian men at Vali (Vul'ly). At present she is living near Anklesvar (Uncle- 
esh'were), recently having been married to a Bhil (Bheel) Christian farmer. She is, 
therefore, taking up the duties that belong to an Indian Christian farmer's wife. 

Early in the year an aged Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) widow, who had been here about 
a year, died. She had rather a difficult time, in that she could not well understand nor 
be understood. Younger women going into a different language can readily speak and 
be understood in a short time, but those older in years cannot learn so easily. This 
woman learned to know what Christian influence and care mean, and the Lord has 
rewarded Sister Quinter in the care she exercised over this aged one. 

In December another Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) woman was brought here from Bom- 
bay (Bom-bay). She is younger in years and already understands and speaks Gujerati 
(Goo"jer-rot'ty). Being a Marathi Brahmani (Mur-rot'ty Brah"mun-ee'), self-esteem 
is highly developed in her, as is the case with the majority of those of the higher 
castes. She does not seem like a high-caste woman, however, in her housekeeping and 
cooking. Her untidiness makes her rather repulsive to the other_ widows and, as yet, 
none of them will eat food she has cooked, or care to live in the same room with her. 
They have tried it and felt that they could not endure it. We are trying to teach her, 
and trust, in due time, she may learn enough to see her way to become a Christian. 

At present there are six women in the home. All who are able-bodied are given 
work to keep them busy throughout the hours of the day. Their grinding on the old 
stone mill is usually done in the early morning hours. It helps them to get warm, 
having no stoves by which they may sit. 

One woman cares for the little girl who was brought in a year ago. She is an 
orphan, of no little promise now that she has a start in life. At first it was a struggle" 
with her. Former treatment or neglect reduced her to ill health. She will be a bright 
and shining star when once old enough to enter the boarding-school. 

Women's Work. 

Outside of the regular daily work, these women meet one day each week for sewing. 
With them the married women also meet. They make their own bedding, most of their 
own clothing, and do their mending. The oldest widow cannot see well. She cares 
for the babies, so the mothers can sew without interruption. This sewing circle closes 
with Bible reading and prayer. The widows attend the morning and evening prayers 
each day. Sometimes non-Christian women, also, come into these meetings. They 
seem to consider it a rare treat to be present and enjoy the conversation that is 
carried on while the women are sewing. 

The Church and Sunday-School. 

Church services and Sunday-school continue to be held on the veranda each Lord's 
Day. We have no churchhouse. The membership of this church changes much. During 
the year four letters of membership were granted, one was received, one was disowned, 
and one was reinstated. At the beginning of the year we had a membership of 
twenty-seven, and at the close twenty-four. The Sunday-school enrollment for the 
year is forty-five. Bro. J. B. Emmert is our elder and pastor. The native brethren are 

Annual Report 53 

always ready to do their part. They superintend the Sunday-school, and sometimes 
even do the preaching very creditably. 

Sunday-school collections for the year amounted to Rupees 89 ($30). The chil- 
dren's class is one of interest, as are also the men's and women's classes. We give 
cards to the children each Sunday. The cards are those sent from America by our 
dear Sunday-school children there. Those in present use were sent to Sister Emmert. 

The Sunday-school Examination in July had nineteen entrances, all passing. This 
speaks well of the teachers of the several classes, as well as of Sister Quinter's work. 

Village Schools. 

We have but two workers at this station. One of these is the village school- 
teacher, who teaches in a school four miles away. The enrollment stands at fifty-two. 
Under this teacher seven boys took the Sunday-school Examination and all passed. It 
will be understood that the children in this village are all non-Christian children. The 
school on the compound is taught by one of our Christian women. These children are 
all from Christian homes. Ten are enrolled here, making the total enrollment in the 
two schools sixty-two. 

Colportage Work. 

The sale of books, tracts and other Christian literature during the year was as 
follows: Bibles, two; New Testaments, fourteen; Scripture portions, 2,745; tracts, 244. 
The colporteur is rather an interesting person, considering his limited education. He 
does much preaching while at the station selling this literature to those who. are 
traveling on the trains. 

Village Preaching. 

The men of our community, all working men except one, go out each Sunday 
evening. They carry with them song books, picture charts and Gospels. Usually they 
return with some striking, telling report, which causes us to take courage and know 
that the Lord is working in the hearts of the unsaved about us. 

At present plague is raging in Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) and Navsari (Now-sor'ry). 
The death rate is an alarming one in both towns. Villagers from Jalalpor (Jul-lal'poor) 
have vacated their houses, and many of them have built their grass huts in front of our 
house by the roadside. Some tell us that this is because plague is never known to enter 
Christian communities, and they wish to get as near as possible, to share this so-called 
harmless place. " Two cases have proved fatal from those who live so near us. "A 
thousand shall fall at thy side, . . . but it shall not come nigh thee," has been 
verified in every one of our mission stations in India. To Him be all the praise! 

Several of the men who go out on these tours have become intensely interested 
and would like to have the privilege of going out every day. To such the call has 
come, and perhaps they could do work as good as or better than some of those who 
are educated. If they be truly filled with the Spirit great works cannot but follow. 

"Well done, thou good and faithful servant" (Matt. 25: 21). 



Bro. Abdul Aziz (Ob-dool Oz-zeez), a Mohammedan convert, opened up the work 
at Pimpalner (Pim"pul-neer') in 1909. It is about thirty miles from the railway and 
there is a large. Bhjl (Bheel) and other backward class population. Bro. Long took 
charge of the work in 1910. A small boarding-school has been established, and there 
are several other village schools. A native brother has been in charge since Bro. Long 
went on furlough in 1911. Several have been baptized and the outlook is hopeful, but 
to get the work on a good basis it will be necessary for a missionary to live there. 
During Bro. Long's furlough, Bro. Pittenger was in general charge. Now, Bro. Long 
superintends the work again. 

54 Annual Report 

Pimpalner (Pim"pul-neer') is the chief town of Sakri (Sock'ry) County. This 
county is east of the Dangs (Dongs) and has a population of 73,000, of whom a large 
percentage are Bhils (Bheels) and other classes of aborigines, and reachable. In an 
adjoining county are about the same conditions and about the same number of people. 


Until Bro. J. M. Pittenger left for America, June 15, he was in charge of this station 
work. On his leaving, the writer again undertook the oversight. There is not much 
to be said about the work. 


During the year the mission maintained from six to eight schools, some running 
through the year, others stopping for a time and then again reopening. In these 
schools we have a total of one hundred children, of whom a few are girls. Being, as 
they are, children of a people who never were, before this, taught, the children are not 
naturally bright; so they learn more slowly than we could wish. 


In the same connection we might mention the boarding-school, in which we have 
fourteen boys and one girl. These children learn far more rapidly, of course, than the 
children in the village schools. For, while the children at home come two days, and 
may remain from school for two days, for trifling reasons, the children in the boarding- 
school are daily under direct instruction. Besides, the latter are taught to sing and 
pray, even as Christian children ought to be taught. These are our hope, as we think, 
of our future workers. 

Evangelistic Work. 

During the year we have had but one catechist, who had the direct oversight of 
the several schools and the teachers as well. Some of the Christian teachers proved 
unsatisfactory, and so had to be dismissed; and in their stead we are attempting to use 
very ordinary Bhil (Bheel) teachers of the immediate vicinity. Every reasonable 
effort is made for their conversion; for they will prove valuable helpers, we hope. The 
people know them, who they are; and in case of their conversion many others would 
likely be led to follow their example, so like sheep they are in following a leader. 

Among the masses, but little evangelistic work has been done during the year, it 
must be admitted; and this condition will prevail, likely, until a missionary is free to 
take direct charge of the station. 

At the close of 1913 there were only five Christians in the county, of whom four 
are members of the Brethren Church. We do not report the number indicated last 
year, because eight were sent to their homes for unseemly conduct. 

At Pimpalner (Pim"pul-ner') one irregular Sunday-school may be said to have 
run throughout the year. The children taught are those of the boarding-school, and 
they are regularly present. 

At the present time the mission is up to the proposition of either closing the 
station, or else having a missionary free to live there. Among the great host of 
consecrated young people at home is there not a couple who will answer this loud call? 
Sakri (Sock'ry) County, of which Pimpalner (Pim"pul-neer') is the chief town, has a 
population of 73,000 people, 20,000 of whom are Bhils (Bheels) who are reachable, who 
are as sheep without a shepherd, and are lost, hopelessly so, and without a missionary 
to point them to the Great Shepherd of the sheep. 

Besides, there is a county adjoining, where we have several schools, where the 
conditions are the same. At present there are in these two counties 125,000 or 150,000 
people, to teach whom there are three Indian Christians. But there is no missionary 
to be with them for their encouragement and inspiration. The need is the call! 

" Gather My saints together unto Me " (Psa. 50: 5). 

Annual Report 


The Vada Bungalow. 



H. B. Heisey, wife and one child, on leave; Josephine Powell, on furlough; Anna 
M. Eby; B. Mary Royer (located, but away for language study). 

Short History. 

Vada (Var'dah) station was opened by Bro. S. P. Berkebile and a native brother in 
October, 1905. In 1907 land was bought and building operations were begun. The 
bungalow and well were a hard job at Vada (Var'dah). The people seemed interested 
and some schools were opened. Things were quite promising. Sister Powell and 
Sister Ella Miller were located there for language study. Sister Powell remained up 
to the time of her furlough in June, 1913, except a year spent at Bulsar (Bul-sar'), while 
the Vada (Var'dah) work was partly closed. The exposure, excessively hard building 
work and a siege of typhoid, lowered Bro. Berkebile's vitality so much that they had 
to go to America on sick leave early in 1910. When they left Vada (Var'dah) Brother 
and Sister Brubaker took charge of the work and continued until Bro. Brubaker's 
untimely death in October, 1910. For about a year the work was partly closed. A few 
native workers remained, and Bro. Adam Ebey made monthly visits to see them, 
except during the rainy season of 1911. In December, 1911, Sister Powell returned to 
Vada (Var'dah) and Brother and Sister Kaylor were located there for language study. 
Things livened up at once. The Kaylors were sent to the Dangs (Dongs) in January, 
1913, and Brother and Sister Heisey and Sister Anna M. Eby were sent to Vada (Var'- 
dah). Sister Powell leaving on furlough, the three newcomers had their hands full. 
Bro. Heisey's health failing, they returned to America early in the new year. Sister B. 
Mary Royer has, been located there, but she and Sister Eby are at Poona (Poo'nah), 
studying Marathi. So the supervision of the work fell into Bro. Adam Ebey's hands 
again at the close of 1913. 

Vada (Var'dah) County has an area of 307 square miles, 157 villages and a popula- 
tion of about 45,000. There are two good roads leading to Vada (Var'dah). The 
nearest railway station on a good road is twenty-nine miles. Sixty-five per cent of the 

56 Annual Report 

people are of the backward classes and ninety-six per cent are illiterate. There is 
also a large Mussulman population. There is a good opening for school work. 

Dependent on Vada (Var'dah) County, and to the northeast, is Mokhada (Mo'- 
khud-dah) Petha (Pay'tah) — sub-county. Its area is 244 square miles. It has sixty- 
four villages and a population of 35,000, of whom eighty-eight per cent are of the back- 
ward classes and ninety-nine per cent illiterate. The government has opened some 
schools and is trying to train some of the jungle people as teachers. 

Between Vada (Var'dah) and the sea is Mahim (Mo'him) County, with 400 square 
miles, 193 villages and a population of 85,000. Sixty-five per cent are of the backward 
classes and ninety-five per cent are illiterate. 


We landed in Bombay Dec. 5, 1912, and the following day we went to Vada (Var'- 
dah), to which place we were assigned. After the committee meeting and the Christ- 
mas holidays I began the language study in earnest. At first it was my desire to be 
ready for the First Year Examination in July, but future developments forbade me. 

In January I began to teach the men's class. I taught the Sunday-school lesson 
in English, and one of - the men who understood English interpreted my statements 
into Marathi (Mur-rot'ty). 

Nearly every Sunday morning I went with the native Christians to various places 
where the Sunday-school lesson or some other truths were taught to those who knew 
not Christ. Until it became too hot, Sunday afternoons I went with our workers to 
some village to hold services. 

When Sister Powell left for America, the work of the Vada (Var'dah) station was 
transferred to me. This work I did for two months. Then, when I went to Kalyan 
(Kul-yon'), this work was placed in charge of Sister Anna M. Eby, who very faithfully 
and earnestly executed these duties. I must not forget to mention that in May I had 
the joy of baptizing four people, two from Christian homes and two of heathen par- 
entage. June 29 in the Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) language I preached a sermon on the 
" Good Shepherd." 

With the above statements my work thus far accomplished practically ceases. In 
March I noticed a marked decline in my health; even as early as January a depression 
crept over me when doing outdoor work. As time passed I became worse. The latter 
part of July I began to receive treatment from an American medical rhissionary at 
Kalyan (Kul-yon'). I was here more than two months without receiving benefit. Then 
I came to Bulsar (Bul-sar'), where I have been since. While here I received treatment 
from an eminent physician of Bombay (Bom-bay), but to no avail. Both of these 
doctors concluded that I could not regain my strength in India, and the latter doctor 
urged my immediate return to America. As a result, D. V., we will sail for America 
Jan. 13. 

Now, since it is settled that we return to America, the reality of it strikes me with 
a blow that makes my heart heavy. If I had the assurance that it is God's will that I 
remain, and that in after-months I would recuperate sufficiently to labor here, I fain 
would cancel the tickets that have been purchased for our voyage and stand the 
financial loss myself. It is hard for me to say farewell to those of this sunny land who 
need Christ so much; even now the tears unbidden start into my eyes. Back some 
weeks, when in a despondency with which my affliction surrounded me, it mattered not 
so much to me that I return to America; but now, since the actual fact of leaving 
India stares me in the face, it is with sorrow that I receive it. O India! With thy 
sunny clime! Thou art teeming with souls wofully lost in ignorance, superstition and 
sin. And yet they are souls more precious than the charming beauties of nature; 
more precious than all the treasures and riches in earth's bosom; yes, so precious that 
Christ gave his life-blood for every soul within thee! Christ desires to transform every 
withered plant within thee into a blooming rose, that India's field of humanity blossom 

Annual Report 57 

into a vast flower garden of beautiful souls to His glory- It is with feelings of sadness 
that we pass through thy exit curtain and bid thee farewell. 

Yet God turns sadness into joy and overrules all for the best. May the seeming 
loss to the mission be transformed into ultimate gain for Christ. 

"Hear my prayer, O Lord, give ear to my supplications" (Psa. 143: 1). 


In a strange land, where the language of the people is unknown to the missionary, 
it is necessary that, if he or she would be of any use for the Master among the people, 
the language must first of all be acquired. And how the faces of the natives beam with 
delight when they hear you utter your first words of their language, even though they 
be incorrectly said! So most of the first half of my year was spent at language study, 
and, of course, during the whole year language practice was made in conversation when- 
ever opportunity offered. 

Many times on Sunday afternoons, and sometimes in the evenings, I went with the 
Christian women to villages where Bible stories were taught the people. 

It was quite a pleasure to me to go every Sunday morning and help conduct the 
Sunday-school, which consisted of low-caste Hindu boys and girls, whose faces told us 
the pleasure they received. 

As soon as I at all could manage, I taught a Sunday-school class of small Chris- 
tian boys in their own language, and though I was very imperfect in the language, may 
God bless these efforts! 

The latter part of July we went to Kalyan (Kul-yon'), to the home of a medical 
missionary. There, on Sfpt. 3, dear little Helen Grace was born to us. How happy 
she has made us! May she some day be a faithful worker for the Lord! 

Because of my husband's ill health, we have not been back at our mission station 
since July. And as his health has made no marked improvement, and he is not 
strong enough to resume his duties, it has been decided that we return to America. In 
a few days we will leave for the homeland. How sorry we are to go! 

We have learned to love India and her people, and it is with heavy hearts that we 
turn our faces westward. God bless them all! And out of the present sadness and ill 
health, may His name be glorified and all be for the best! 

" My grace is sufficient for thee " (2 Cor. 12: 9). 


A year ago Brother and Sister Heisey and myself came to live at Vada (Var'dah). 
We at once began the study of the Marathi (Mur-rot'ty) language. Sister Josephine 
Powell was the missionary in charge. She had general supervision of the work of the 
station and the building of an annex to the bungalow, which was completed in April. 
In June Sister Powell sailed for America, and the responsibilities of the station rested 
upon us. We felt so weak to do the work entrusted to us, as our knowledge of the 
language and of the people was so limited! But the dear Father was ever near to 
help, and our fellow-workers were ever ready to give a word of advice and encourage- 

Two Bible lessons each week were taught the Christian women at Vada (Var'dah). 
Each Wednesday afternoon these women came together for an hour's sewing. Bed 
clothing was made for their families. At the close of the afternoon, a Scripture lesson 
was taught, and on Sunday the Sunday-school lesson. 

In July, when Brother and Sister Heisey went to Kalyan (Kul-yon'), Sister 
Sadie J. Miller came to assist in the work, remaining until the last of November. 

58 Annual Report 

Our Sundays. 

Each Sunday morning .a class was held with the children of a neighboring ward in 
our town. As we took our stand under a tree and began singing, the little brown bodies 
made their appearance from out of the little huts around. One earnest little boy often 
came running, with his clothes in his hand, and while he listened to the story he 
dressed himself. The- number in attendance ranged from twenty to forty. The Sunday- 
school cards, sent us from America, are greatly appreciated by these little folks. God 
bless the little boys and girls who thus contribute to the work in India! At a later 
hour the little band of Christians assembled on our veranda for Sunday-school and 
preaching. The afternoons were spent in preaching to the village people. 


Many persons afflicted with minor diseases, such as itch and ringworm, have 
received attention at our hands. We have not done extensive medical work, because 
we know so little about the treatment of diseases, and then we have a government 
dispensary in an adjoining compound and a good Indian doctor, who understands 
Indian diseases, is in charge. 


Three village schools have been in session during the year. Two of these have 
been opened just one year. Some disappointments were experienced, but in general 
results have been very gratifying. Much sorrow and sickness has come into the home 
of one of our teachers during the last few months, but through it all he has remained 
faithful to his work and always delights in pleasing the mission. 

About ninety-five children are enrolled in these schools. In one school fifteen 
girls are in attendance. This is encouraging, for the Indian girl in general is deprived 
of school advantages because of superstition and depreciation of true womanhood. 


Two native men are in the field sowing the seed of Truth. Results in converts as 
yet are. not visible. However, not a few are seeking to know the Way. One of the 
chief men of the town, a Mohammedan priest, has requested baptism. He is yet being 

Three Bible women are working among the women of the villages. One sister in 
a distant village, with her husband, is living and teaching Christ to her neighbors. 

We have kept in close touch with the work of the two who visit among the women 
of the town of Vada (Var'dah) and near-by villages. It brings joy and encouragement 
to the heart of the missionary to note the friendly reception given these Christian 
women by their neighbors, and the tact and earnestness with which the gospel story 
is told. 

We pray and trust the seed which has been sown will in due time yield a bountiful 

Sorrow and Disappointment. 

As we write this report our hearts are sad because the mission is again called to 
give up one of its workers, in Bro. Heisey's return to America. This means that Vada 
must again be closed until some one is supplied to fill the place. Bro. Ebey will care 
for the work at present. Brethren and sisters, pray for the work at Vada (Var'dah). 
The outlook is promising. We have an earnest, faithful corps of native helpers, but 
they need a shepherd. To close this station, where lives have burned out for the 
Master, seems too hard. Surely, in the homeland there is some one whom the Lord 
has called and chosen who will answer the call to this needy place. 

"Pray ye the Lord of the harvest that He send forth laborers into His harvest" 
(Matt. 9: 38). 

Annual Report 


The Vali Bung-alow. 


D. J. Lichty and wife; Eliza B. Miller; E. H. Eby, wife and three children, on 


Short History. 

Bro. McCann baptized the first people at Vali (Vul'ly) during the famine days of 
1900. Brother and Sister D. J. Lichty located there in 1904, living for some time in a 
grass hut. They gathered together some of the raw converts and taught them more 
fully. Others were baptized. Sister Sadie J. Miller went to Vali (Vul'ly) in 1905, and 
has worked among the women of the villages nearly all the time until 1913, except the 
year of her furlough. Sister Quinter spent 1906 in the village work with Sister Miller. 
Brother and Sister Adam Ebey were at Vali (Vul'ly) during 1909, while Brother and 
Sister Lichty were on furlough. Brother and Sister E. H. Eby moved here at the 
close of 1909, where he gave himself to evangelistic and school work, while Bro. Lichty 
looked after the industrial farming and general church work. Several of our boys 
and men are learning better methods of farming at this place, the mission having 
land for this purpose. In 1912 Brother and Sister Eby went on furlough, and Sister 
Eliza B. Miller took charge of the school work. Some promising schools have been 
opened, but the Bhil (Bheel) people need to be taught the value of education. During 
much of the past year, owing to Bro. Lichty's illness, extra burdens were placed on 
Sister Miller. 

" There hath not failed one word of all His good promise " (1 Kings 8: 56). 

Vali (Vul'ly), our mission station in Rajpipla (Roj-pip'lah) State, is one of interest. 
This state lies at the extreme northern end of our India mission field, and has an 
area of 1,517 square miles and a population of 175,000, of which two-thirds are Bhils 
(Bheels), the class of people most open to the Gospel. The government is under a 
first-class native king, who is quite enlightened, and has never been hostile to Christian 
work, and, in not a few ways, is friendly. 

The north side of the state is easily worked, but the south two-thirds are hilly and 
difficult for traveling. More missionaries and a goodly number of native helpers are 
needed to do proper work. 

60 Annual Report 


In last year's report we wrote, " Be assured that from present indications, pros- 
pects for the ensuing year are ever so much brighter than during the year just ended." 
And so they were, but we regret to say that we were not able to improve the oppor- 
tunities for aggressive work that were open to us, as extensively as we had hoped. 

During the first half of the year systematic work was carried on in the villages by 
three evangelists and by the village school teachers, as they had time and opportunity 
out of school hours. Various other duties hindered me from personally assisting them 
as much as I desired. However, I did manage several times to visit all the villages 
worked, and once I crossed over the hills to help our District Mission Board workers 
in Vadi (Var'dy) Taluka (County). 

During the hot season, poor health and a run-down constitution compelled me to 
take a month off at Panchgani (Punch-gur-ny). I returned to work at the breaking of 
the rains, but, alas, in worse condition than before I left home! Two months later I 
found myself in St. George's Hospital, Bombay (Bom-bay), where, for nine weeks, 
I struggled for my life with typhoid fever. Thanks to a merciful God and to the kind 
attentions of the hospital staff and of numerous friends and loved ones, I came out 
the victor. On leaving the hospital, six weeks of convalescence at Nasik (Nos'sick) 
brought us near the close of the year. In the meantime some of our best workers were 
entered in the Bible School, so that for six months evangelistic effort in Rajpipla 
(Roj-pip'lah) was nearly at a standstill. 

But we are not discouraged. We still dwell among the living, with bright hopes 
of a full recovery from sickness and the assurance that the Lord still has work for us 
to do. In spite of all our disabilities, the work in Rajpipla (Roj-pip'lah) State has not 
gone back. An opening in a new village was made, with eight baptisms and more 
ready to follow. In our field, altogether thirteen were received by baptism and nearly 
the same number of disfellowshiped members returned to the fold. The church at 
Vali (Vul'ly) has grown in grace and outgrown the present churchhouse. Arrange- 
ments have been made for the erection of a substantial brick building to take its place. 

At Amletha (Om-lay'thah) the little church, once torn asunder by sin, strife and 
contention, shows signs of again uniting in newness of life and Christian effort. The 
Vali (Vul'ly) church has the advantage of its first and newly-chosen minister, a young 
bi other of great promise and power, Bro. Eccha Narsi (Itch'chah Nur'sy). Danabhai 
Lihiji (Don'ah-bhye Lee'lah-jee) was also chosen to the deacon's office here in Vali 
(Vul'ly). Likewise the Amletha (Om-lay'thah) church has elected Bro. Lellu Kalidas 
(Lel'loo Kal'ly-dos) to the ministry and Bro. Danji Ramji (Dun'jee Rom'jee) as 
deacon. Both the young ministers have been greatly improved in power and spirit 
by six months of Bible study at Bulsar (Bul-sar'). We hope they may continue until 
their four years' course is finished. Among the higher classes the Gospel of Christ 
is being heard with less suspicion and in many cases with eagerness. 

The completion of two substantial brick buildings, one at Vali (Vul'ly) and the 
other at Amletha (Om-lay'thah), for the use of workers and servants, will in the future 
eliminate the necessity of yearly spending so much time in repairing and rebuilding 
cheap and unsatisfactory structures, and this will also in the end be a financial saving 
to the mission. 

Because of my forced absence at a critical time in the development of the crops, 
I could not give the necessary attention to the orphan farmers, but most of them 
did the best they could and they were reasonably prosperous. About all the mission 
land is now under cultivation, and -we are obliged to buy more in order to accommodate 
the boys now under training and others whom we may deem fit to help to an inde- 
pendent livelihood. 

Our Mutual Aid Society has been able to assist a number of our poor Christians, 
and most of them are paying their dues in a satisfactory manner. We are greatly 

Annual Report 61 

indebted to a good brother, from Northwestern Iowa, for putting the society on a 
better financial basis than it had been. 

It is a pleasure to record with what heroism and thoroughness Sister Eliza B. 
Miller managed the 'work at our station during my long absence. Sister Lichty, in 
order to be near me, was able to assist her but three weeks out of four months. We 
hope that in the future necessity will not force such heavy burdens on any of our 
sisters. It is more than probable that, in the near future, we shall have another missionary 
family in Rajpipla (Roj-pip'lah) State to help us out in such times as these, and more 
effectually to occupy the field. 

Having myself done so little during the year, I should not impose on my readers 
with a lengthy report. Continue to pray for us and continue to support the work. 
We shall try to do better in 1914 than we were able to do in 1913. 

" Come over into Macedonia and help us" (Acts 16: 9). 


As I look back over the happenings of 1913, I am more impressed with this truth: 
Man proposes but God disposes. The year started out with such bright prospects, and 
we had hopes of doing much aggressive work. But our hopes were not realized as we had 
expected. Nearly half the year was spent away from the station. Part of this time was 
spent in the hills and the rest of the time in waiting on and caring for my companion 
during his long illness. 

The many duties that fall to a housewife were mine during the time I was at home. 
This kind of work does not show big results, yet it gives me much joy to know that 
in this way I can serve those who are about me. We have many guests during the 
course of a year. Not many of our own American people, but our Indian brethren and 
sisters, who are out in the villages, come in every few weeks, and we like to entertain 
them. They live among people of their own kind, but there is something lacking. 
They, as well as we, like to associate with brethren and sisters of like faith. We 
have many neighbors and it behooves us to be neighborly. These are the many ways 
in which one spends his time — and most profitably, I believe. Then, too, our own 
household needs directing, so everything may be done properly. Our duties are various, 
our privileges are many, and our opportunities are large. Lord, help us to live up to 


We have been able to give medxine to a good many people during the year. 
People of high and low caste come for medicine for all kinds of diseases. However, 
the greater part of our work is carried on among the Christian people. The little that 
we have been able to do for those who came from the outside has won them to us as 
friends. We hope the friendship will lead them into eternal life. 

During the year an unusual number suffered with malaria, but beyond that the 
health has been up to the aA^erage. In the early part of the year one man died of 
pneumonia. This was the first adult death that the Vali (Vul'ly) Christian community 
has had in our nine years' residence. In the latter part of the year one child died. 

"And ye shall be witnesses unto Me" (Acts 1:8). 


The work at our station during 1913 was carried on in a much different way from 
what any of us had planned at the beginning of the year. With Brother and Sister 
Lichty gone during parts of May and June, and nearly all of the latter part of the year, 
the station was left single-handed, with the many kinds of work to be done. No one 
but those left here can know how helpless and powerless they often were to meet the 
many responsibilities and duties daily arising. 

62 Annual Report 

Sister Sadie J. Miller was here during May and Sister Olive Widdowson during 
November and December, and we were glad for their help and companionship. With- 
out them, though the many duties kept us busy from morning to night, the days of 
Brother and Sister Lichty's absence would have been much longer and much lonelier 

Village Schools. 

Just at the close of 1912 one of our best schools was disturbed by the headman 
of the village, and we are sorry to report that it had to be closed early in 1913. It 
was the only school, besides the Vali (Vul'ly) school, into which we had been able 
to get any of the Bhil (Bheel) girls, and so we were extremely pained to have it close. 
However, we hope that the good seed sown in the hearts of the boys and girls, who 
were in attendance in the school for three years, has not been lost. We are able to 
visit the children in their homes, sometimes, and in this way may keep aflame the fire 
that has been kindled. 

Early in January a new school was opened in a village from whence eight men 
had come for baptism. The school has not been large at any time, but there is hope 
of the number increasing. The teacher has been earnest and patient, and we believe a 
good beginning has been made. A new house for the teacher and the school has 
been built during the year. The teacher and the Christians did most of the work of 
building. The building is a credit to their place and workmanship. In this village we 
made several very pleasant visits during the year. 

At Jhagadia (Jug-gurd'i-yah) the school was in session only a part of the year. 
In a place where there are such swarms of children as there are in Jhagadia (Jug- 
gurd'i-yah), it seems strange that a good school cannot be maintained. Over and over 
again we have asked ourselves the questions: "What is the matter? Is it the fault of 
the teacher? Is it the fault of the location? Or is it the fault of the people?" We 
have not been able to answer the questions. We keep on urging the teacher and his 
wife to get in the children.' The last effort is to interest the women and so perhaps be 
able to gain the children. 

At Jamoli (Jum-oh'ly), we are pained to say, the teacher had to be removed and 
dismissed from mission employ because of bad conduct. On account of this the 
school suffered for some months. However, we are glad to say that with the employ- 
ment of a new teacher the school has been revived and a good spirit prevails. This is 
the one village in which all the children of school age are in attendance at the mission 
school. It is only a small village, nestled among the hills, but the people and the chil- 
dren are all on the side of the school, and so we rejoice in even the small number in 
attendance and in the interest manifested by them and their parents. The headman 
of the village is especially friendly. Since the school has been there he has put away 
drink, and interests himself in other ways than spending his time in riotous living as 
do the majority of the village people. 

Undi (Oon'dy) has had its ups and downs; but it is encouraging to report that four 
of the boys from there, three of them the sons of non-Christians, went to the Bulsar 
(Bul-sar') Boarding-school this year. A change of teachers had to be made in the 
middle of the year because the former teacher went to the Bible School. A change of 
teachers sometimes lessens rather than increases the interest in the school. But in 
spite of the irregularity in the Undi school during the year, we have much hope in the 
place and believe that in due time abundant fruit will appear for the effort put forth. 

At Morarnia (Mo-rarn'yah) and Kantipadi (Kun'ty-par'dy) the night schools con- 
tinued throughout the year. Especially at Morarnia (Mo-rarn'yah), we are pleased 
to say, very good work is being done. The boys are regular in attendance and take 
much interest in their duties. A part of the year the crops must be watched and the 
school is closed. 

Our school here at Vali (Vul'ly) has improved some during the year. It would 
have improved more had we been able to get a better staff of teachers. They, perhaps, 

Annual Report 63 

did as well as they could, but the results were not satisfactory in the examination. 
In this school there are Parsi (Par'see), Bhil (Bheel) and Christian children. We find 
it difficult to secure regular attendance, because of the help the children must render 
in field work and in taking care of the little brothers and sisters while the mother goes 
to the field to work. 

At Raj Pardi (Roj-par'dy) the school interest on the part of the teacher did not 
stop, even when the school attendance dropped down to one. That one, we are glad 
to say, made commendable progress. In this school also a change of teachers was made 
the middle of the year. The Raj Pardi (Roj Par'dy) teacher went to Andre (On'dri), 
and the Andre (On'dri) teacher came to Raj Pardi (Roj Par'dy). 

The Andre (On'dri) school, the record school for attendance, showed good results 
at the end of the year. The boys are bright and stand loyally by their instructor. This 
has been a very hard village. We hope that through the school some hearts may be 
turned to the Lord. The boys are learning- their Scripture lessons and religious songs, 
through which the seed of truth is being planted in their young lives. Pray with us 
that the school children of Rajpipla (Roj-pip'lah) may learn to know the Lord Jesus 
to the saving of their souls. 

In all the schools there is a total enrollment of ninety-one. This is smaller than 
last year, but we believe the work done was better. We regret to say that as yet we 
have not been able to get any Bhil girls into the schools. How to win them, how 
to make the parents understand that the girls need education as well as the boys — 
these are questions we are trying to answer. Just how it will be done we are unable 
to say, but we believe that in some way the question will be answered. 

During the year we were able to make visits in only seventeen different villages, 
besides our own, in behalf of the school and women's work. 

Woman's Work. 

During the year six women workers were employed among the women. This is 
an advance step and one that we believe will help in winning the Bhil (Bheel) girls 
for school and in turning the mothers to the ways of the Lord. At Undi (Oon'dy), 
Sonabai (So'nah-bye) had charge of the Christian women. With them she had daily 
worship and instructed them from the Scriptures. Some non-Christian women attended 
the lessons and took pleasure in learning. At Raj Pardi (Roj Par'dy) Ratanbai (Rut'- 
tun-bye) worked among the non-Christian Bhil (Bheel) women. At Amletha (Om- 
lay-thah), Salonibai (Sul-o'ny-bye) and Manekbai (Mon'eck-bye) worked among both 
Christian and non-Christian women. Salonibai (Sul-o'ny-bye) went to Bible School 
in June and Manekbai (Mon'eck-bye) took her place. I should also have mentioned 
that at Undi (Oon'dy), Lardubai (Lar'doo-bye) had charge of the work until June, 
when she also went to the Bible School. Here in Vali (Vul'ly), Divalibai (Dee-vol'ly- 
bye) had charge of the primary grade in school and instructed Christian women 
privately. One woman under instruction finished the first reader during the year. 
Marthabai also did work among Christian and non-Christian women here in Vali 
(Vul'ly), until her transfer to Jamoli (Jum-o'ly), in September. She instructed the 
women in the Sunday-school lesson when they were not able to attend Sunday-school 
on account of sickness or for other lawful reasons. 

The Christian women of Vali (Vul'ly), during the year, pieced a number of 
quilts, the sale of which amounted to Rupees 9 ($3). This amount was sent to the 
British and Foreign Bible Society to help in the distribution of the Word of God. For 
the Vali (Vul'ly) women, besides the regular Thursday afternoon meeting, there were 
daily morning prayers with them and a special meeting for them each Sunday after- 
noon, Avhich they conducted themselves. The attendance at all these services was 
good throughout the year. 


In all the villages where there are day schools, more or less Sunday-school work 
is being done. In Vasna (Vos'nah), Undi (Oon'dy), Amletha (Om-lay'thah), and here 


Annual Report 

in Vali (Vul'ly), where there are Christian communities, the Sunday-school work is 
regular and continues throughout the year. From all these Sunday-schools ninety-eight 
entered the All-India Sunday-school Examination. Seventy-nine passed and nineteen 
failed. We need to thank again the Kansas people, who made it possible to have the 
lesson picture rolls in each of the Sunday-schools. The pictures always interest, attract 
and instruct the children. 

"Ask of Me and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance" (Psa. 2: 8). 

The Vyara Bung-alow. 



I. S. Long, wife and three children; A. W. Ross, wife and two children, on fur- 
lough; Sadie J. Miller (temporarily away). 

Short History. 

•In May, 1905, Brother and Sister Ross opened up Vyara (Vyah'rah) station. In 
1907 they secured land and built a bungalow. There has been much hindrance to the 
work, and in many ways, but the Lord has given many souls from among the common 
people. A church was organized in 1909. In 1912 boarding-schools for boys and girls 
were established. Several good village schools are in session. Most of the converts 
thus far have been men, but in 1912 Sister Sadie J. Miller began work among the 
heathen wives of the Christian men. Several have been baptized. When Brother and 
Sister Ross went on furlough last June, Brother and Sister Long took charge. They 
feel that the outlook is encouraging for large results in the near future, but the people 
are very ignorant and much teaching will be necessary. 

Vyara (Vyah'rah) town has a population of 4,600, and may be said to be the center 

of our work among the backward classes known as the " Kali Paraj " (Kol'ly Pur'ruj), 

a people slightly different from the Bhils (Bheels), though like them, aborigines. 

Population of Vyara (Vyah'rah) County, 57,000; 200 per square mile. 

Population of Songhad (Song'gud) County, 42,000; 150 per square mile. 

Population of Mahuva (Mu-hoo'vah) County, 40,000; 300 per square mile. 

In a total population of over 139,000 there are over 66,000 people of the backward 
classes. Too much work for one missionary! 

The station is thirty-eight miles from Surat (Soo-rat'). It is on the Tapti (Tap'ty) 
Valley Railway, which runs two trains daily each way. It is on the plain, but borders 
the wooded district, the Dangs (Dongs). Climate is considered unhealthful. Twenty- 

Annual Report 65 

four Indian helpers; not a tenth of the number required for this mass of people! Who 
will help reach these people? Here is an open field and the people are ready to listen. 


During the first part of 1913 Brother and Sister Ross and Sister Sadie J. Miller 
were in charge of the work here. Just prior to our arrival, June 16, Bro. Ross and 
family left on furlough, and soon thereafter Sister Miller left for Vada (Var'dah). 
Since then Sister Long and I have been here alone. Had we been able to be with Bro. 
Ross a few days before his leaving, we should sooner have understood the workings of 
his station. 

Unattained Ideals. 

I suppose few men ever attain their ideals. The hopes of but few are completely 
realized. This is true in this life. Not having been in Gujarat (Goo"jer-rot') for 
about four years, we had need to study Gujarati (Goo"jer-rot'ty), and meant to do so 
during the rains. Likewise we saw an opportunity for real helpfulness in teaching the 
Bible to several of our instructors, recently converted from the people about Vyara 
(Vyah'rah). From Oct. 1, on during the winter, we meant to engage in a wide-awake 
campaign of gospel teaching in the villages. How far from being realized were our 
plans! How cleverly Satan succeeds in turning aside the Lord's servants from the 
work they would do! Perhaps the servants of the Lord often plan too much. 

The Fever Season. 

From Oct. 1 to Jan. 1 we had sickness among our people. Scarcely a worker 
escaped fever, and some indeed were very seriously ill. Several whole families were 
sick, all at the same time. Ordinary remedies seemed of no avail. Our hospital 
assistant at Vyara (Vyah'rah) himself was quite sick. At this writing, however, we 
are glad to report that nearly all our men are in normal health again and are anxious 
for the Lord's work in their hands to succeed. It must be sorrowfully admitted that 
during the fever season we got very little effectual work done. 

Our Time. 

Some things which Bro. Ross, for lack of time, did not get started, such as general 
prayers of mornings (had been sectional hitherto), teachers' meetings for the Sunday- 
school workers, and midweek services for all our Christians, we set going in fair way 
during the rains. Besides, we were able to counsel much with the workers and make a 
few trips to the villages as sunshine allowed. 

Wind Wheel. 
Our leading helper on the compound was sick for above two months during the 
fever season. In this time I learned to appreciate his job better, by myself undertaking 
the oversight. Meanwhile, with the valuable help of one of our own carpenters, we 
erected a wind wheel over the small well. At this writing we are able to report its value 
for forcing water into our houses and the boarding compartments, but its utter inadequacy 
for extensive irrigation purposes, such as we need here. 

Village Schools. 

Vyara (Vyah'rah) is in a native state where there is so-called compulsory education. 
In spite of the success of this "compulsory" effort, we may safely say it is a great 
blessing to the people, although they do not often appreciate it. To give even a little 
schooling to a people who, for generations, have never been taught, will mean much for 
their future, and much even for the future of Christian effort among them. As a 
result of state education we have only a few good day schools. Usually we have only 
night schools in which, because those who attend are adults, and because of their 
tremendous need for religious teaching, we have spent most of the time hitherto lead- 
ing them to Christ through simple teaching. 

66 Annual Report 

Need for Schools. 

Some may wonder why we should insist on having schools at all, in the state. 
If the government of this state fosters one religion more than another, it heads its 
people toward Arya-Samajeeism (Ar'yah-Sum-oj'jee-ism), one form of the Hindu 
revival of recent years. At any rate, the children of state schools, whether village or 
boarding, are fired with patriotism for their "mother land," and are taught the "old- 
time religion" of their fathers, the Shastras, with modern interpretation. The teach- 
ing is, therefore, both anti-foreign and anti-Christian. 

We have had ten or twelve conversions from among the educated of the backward 
classes, and these men prove very valuable in a way, in school work; but they are far 
from having our spirit or outlook on life, or hope even for their own people. In our 
schools, after much association with us and our men, after much patient Bible instruc- 
tion, we may hope that they will evolve into very useful helpers in the Master's vine- 

The Boarding-School. 

In our several day schools in the villages, where we succeed in getting the little 
ones into the school, we succeed nicely in imparting to them our spirit and teaching. 
They improve in proportion to the influence of the teacher. How much more should 
they change their manner of life and thought after being entirely removed from their 
homes, and placed in our care in the boarding-school! Soon they discard the dress 
and rude jewelry of their people and seem to want to improve and to appear like 
cultured people. 

While with us, the children are taught both to work with their hands in garden or 
fields, and to study with all diligence at other times. Besides, they are given all the 
religious instruction we think good. They are ever before us and we before them; 
and they will get as much of the Master as they hear Him preached and see Him lived 
in our lives. Dull though they are, they soon, very soon, come to laugh every time 
we refer to their idols and demons and witches and dances and drunkenness. 

The Church. 

These children, who live with us and see better things and hear better teaching 
than they are used to at home, are the hope of the future Vyara (Vyah'rah) church. 
A church free from heathenism, whatever that may mean, is our hope. A church clean, 
intelligent, zealous for the good of others, spiritual, growing in grace day by day, we 
all earnestly desire to see. About 345 baptized people here! They are dull and heavy- 
headed, illiterate, never taught before, but are willing to be taught now, praise the 
Lord! Christ born in them, perfected in them, they being Spirit-filled, and bearing the 
fruit of the Spirit, and done with the works of the flesh; to this end is all our contact 
with them, and all our teaching. 

You will pray that out from among our boarding children many intelligent, zealous 
and Spirit-filled workers may be raised up. Any people will receive the. teaching of 
" their own," especially when they see the effect of that teaching in the life and conduct 
of the teacher. 


At this station we have two well-organized and four unorganized Sunday-schools. 
By this means the people are taught to leave off work and to give a part of the Sunday 
at least to the worship of the true God. 

Fighting Liquor. 

This "enemy," like "the poor," we shall always have with us, it seems; for, while 
our baptized people " swear off " for a time, they are too easily led back to drink. 
However, in one village, where nearly all the men are Christians, recently the liquor 
seller told our worker that he had sold but two cents' worth all day. In other Christian 
villages, the people, instead of liquor drinking and dancing on wedding and birth and 
Other festive occasions, now have begun presenting sugar and other sweetmeats to 

Annual Report 67 

everybody as a token of their joy. Thus the work goes on. For our small part and lot 
in the promotion of the kingdom we heartily rejoice. We have faith in the cause, for 
it is of God. " The Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs fol- 

" For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord, as the 
waters cover the sea" (Isa. 11: 9). 


When one recalls at the close of the day, what he has done, it seems so little, and 
likewise when we look back over six months, or a year, we seem to have accomplished 
so little for the Lord. To the homekeeper and mother come the simple home duties 
that must be done daily, and most of my effort, since our return in June, has been 
in the home. I tried to do what I could beside and found joy in doing it. 

There was quite a bit of sickness in the home, among our Christian people on the 
compound, and in the villages and also among the school children. To these we gave 
medicine, and helped them in whatever way we could. And then there were the calls 
of the jungle people for medicine, especially salve for itch and ringworm, and one's 
time goes in dealing out these. 

We started a weekly Bible and sewing-class for the women, but the ones who 
needed it most could not find time to attend, as they were busy at their work all day. 

In July, when Sister Sadie J. Miller left, we took up the class with the girls in the 
boarding-school. We meet daily except Sunday. Some of the girls are eager, to learn. 
We teach them the catechism, hymns, Scripture verses, ten commandments and prayer. 
Since I have been giving a Sunday-school card for every three verses committed, they 
are making a great effort. But they have not been in school so long, and the most 
advanced have only entered the second reader. 

The work is hopeful, we are happy, and we pray that we may be able to do more the 
coming year. 

" For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or 
Gentiles" (1 Cor. 12: 13). 


From Jan. 1 until April 1 the time was spent in tenting and touring. When the 
hot season begins we are driven to shelter, like pioneers in the States are driven by 
the snowstorms and extreme cold. We must build our houses in India to protect 
against heat, and not cold. 

As is found throughout India, so here, too, women are kept in the background, 
though not as secluded as in many places. In the villages we have no houses of wor- 
ship for our services. Sunday-school and preaching services are as often open-air ones 
as otherwise. 

In a village where a worker dwells we had services in the house wherein he lived. 
The men sat in the main room under the preacher's instruction, but the women had to 
get what they could through a partition. 

The best time and place for work among them is when we, with the Bible women, 
can have them alone. At best, they are more interested in the village gossip and the 
immediate playfulness of their little children, than in what we have to tell them. 

We often begin work with them by helping them get some torn garment mended, 
or by making a new garment for them. It requires tact to reach them. If any one 
thinks he will hasten his work by sitting, and first of all, with open Bible or book, 
teaching them (it is all one and the same to them), he is pretty sure to be disappointed, 
so far as success with them is concerned. What appears to be taking well is not always 
so. Many a one present makes his escape upon the sight of a book. " Were not 
books made and meant for men and other great folks? Learning is not for us; please 

68 Annual Report 

excuse us. We are mere animals, what can we do? No; no; we can never learn. 
Away with all of it!" 

Five women were baptized since the New Year. Some half dozen others were 
ready, but the thought of having to appear before men, for baptism, took all the 
courage away from them. 

Substitute Work. 

The month of May was spent in Vali (Vul'ly), helping in the work while Brother 
and Sister Lichty were away. By June 1 I returned to Vyara (Vyah'rah), where the 
work of that place was turned over because of Bro. Ross' leaving on furlough. Later 
the work was given over to Bro. Long, who was soon, thereafter, on the field, fresh 
from America and ready for work. July 26 I went to Vada (Var'dah) to help there 
during the absence of Brother and Sister Heisey. I remained there four months. The 
work in and about Vada (Var'dah) is very encouraging, especially the schools, which 
are all in good running order, with a splendid enrollment. 

On account of Sister Quinter's condition I am at present at Jalalpor, doing the 
work she has so well begun. It is also planned that some touring be done at Vyara 
(Vyah'rah), making a week or ten days' stay, and then return here and arrange the 
work for another tour. The women are needy everywhere, but, having begun the 
work at Vyara (Vyah'rah), we feel to carry it on as much as possible. 

Sunday-School Examination. 

The month of June evening hours were given to the girls in the boarding-school 
at Vyara (Vyah'rah), preparing them for the examination in July. Being in school 
daytime this was the only time available. This in itself is not advantageous, and 
together with the fact, taking them in hand at such a late hour adds to the disadvantage 
at which they, as well as we, were placed. Unless the lessons are well taught from 
the beginning of the year, it is exceedingly difficult to attain the desired standard. 

The brightest two girls passed the mark of perfection while the remainder were 
mostly failures. This was their first year in Bible study, hence their first examination. 
What can be done, even in one year, with raw material, is astonishing indeed. 

One of the boarding-school girls died during the year. Fortunately her mother 
came and took her home about a week before she was very ill. In her dying condition 
she begged to be taken back to school, to be among the other girls, but it was too 
late; she died at home. 

That these girls, as well as the women in the villages from which the girls come, 
may speedily learn to know the Lord, is the greatest desire of our hearts. And so 
may it be! 

" To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen " (Rom. 16: 27). 



As a mission grows and as mission work prospers, there is always need of build- 
ings. During 1913 a second bungalow was built at Anklesvar (Uncle-esh'were). This 
is for the single sisters. An addition was built at Vada (Var'dah) for the same pur- 
pose. At Bulsar (Bul-sar') dormitories were built for those attending the Bible School. 
At Vali (Vul'ly) some good buildings were erected for mission workers and others. 
At Vyara (Vyah'rah) there was new work to meet the increasing need. At other places 
there was the usual repairing of buildings and the erection of schoolhouses and 
dwellings for the workers in the villages. In one village of the Anklesvar (Uncle-esh' 
were) district a good little churchbuilding was erected. Each year the building work 
requires more or less of the missionaries' time. 

Annual Report 69 

Vacations and Furloughs. 

During the hot season Bro. Pittenger and his family, Brother and Sister Lichty 
and Sister Himmelsbaugh occupied a rented bungalow at the hill station of Panchgani 
(Punch-gur'ny), trying to regain health and strength for the work awaiting them. In 
June Bro. Pittenger and Bro. Ross and their families and Sister Powell sailed on 
furlough. Missionaries sometimes need rest and change, but how to care for their 
work during their absence, and how to provide vacations and furloughs most econom- 
ically, with satisfactory results, has been no small question. This important question 
is one of many to be considered in conference with the visiting elders. 


Twice the mission family has rejoiced over the birth of little ones during 1913. 
Magdalene Long, born in America in March, came with her parents to India when 
she was three months old. Helen Grace Heisey was born in September. 

The Education of Missionaries' Children. 

This problem has been before us for ten years or more, and is not yet solved. 
There have never been many children of school age on the field at any one time. 
Hitherto missionary mothers have done the best they could, teaching the children at 
home. J. Emmert Stover was put in school at Panchgani (Punch-gur'ny) for a year, 
which meant no small sacrifice and expense to his parents. This year Brother and 
Sister Stover left their three older children in America for education. This is one of 
the supreme sacrifices that missionary parents must make. Brother and Sister Stover 
are the first in our mission called to this deprivation. They have stood the test nobly 
and are cheerfully taking up the burdens and responsibilities of the work, that souls 
may be saved. They are trusting the care of the children to the Father, and to kind 
friends whom the Lord raises up for His faithful servants. It now seems that soon 
there will be several children of school age on the field, and just how to arrange for 
their education, that it may count for most in the lives of the children, and yet be 
economical to the mission, is another problem for consideration. May the Lord keep 
the missionary parents from all selfishness, and from all shrinking from sacrifices unto 
which the Lord may call. 

Our Visiting Elders. 

It is with much joy in our hearts and thanksgiving to our Father that we welcome, 
just at the close of the year, our dear Brethren Early and Royer. We have long felt 
the need of a visit by some members of the Home Board. In the stress and strain of 
the present time their visit is doubly welcome. They tell us they have not come to 
solve our problems, but, coming face to face with the difficulties on the field, will 
enable them to present these problems to the Board and the home church in such a 
way that, we feel sure, they will be solved well and wisely under the leading of the 

Retrenchment or Enlargement. 

Which shall it be? The home church must give the answer. Our field contains 
fifteen thousand square miles, with over a million people. These people are reachable, 
the majority of them. They are like the common people of old who heard Jesus gladly. 
At present there are nine mission stations open, but two are without resident mission- 
aries. Five more stations should be opened now in order properly to occupy our field. 
Now is the day of salvation for these people. India, in her present disturbed religious 
and social condition, is ready for Christ NOW! Shall we let the opportunity for 
evangelization pass by? We need sixty missionaries to man our field; missionaries, 
Spirit-filled, called of God to the work, ready to endure hardness and, if need be, lay 
down their lives for India's sake. Nine workers on furlough, two withdrawn on 
account of health, our dear Sister Quinter just transferred to the better field — this has 
reduced our number to twenty-eight, and of these seven are yet on language study. 
They are few, indeed, to cope with the forces of darkness in these regions; few, too 


Annual Report 

few, we think. Does the Master want it so? Brethren and sisters, does the Master 
really want it so? Or have you refused to accept His call to you? He has been 
calling, we are sure. Have you not heard Him? Will you not come and help us? 

We see a great door and effectual opened unto us, and there are many adversaries. 
We hear the call from every side, " Come over and help us." We know that God is 
calling the church to send forth laborers unto the fields; "for they are white already 
to harvest." Opportunity for service here is limited only by the insufficiency and in- 
efficiency of the workers and the necessary equipment. Church of Christ, pray! Give! 
Send! Hear the call! Let not the blood of these more than a million souls be required 
at the hand of the Church of the Brethren. You are a member of the church. You 
are one of the responsible ones. You have been washed in the blood of the Lamb. 
Will you allow your white robe to be made dark by the blood of your fellows when 
you can help prevent it? The blood of these people is required of us. What will you 
do? Come over and help us! Pray for those who come! Help send others! But in 
some way do your part and do it now! There are two ways of retrenchment. One is 
when the soldier has to fall back and take a new line of front. The other is when 
the army is sustained and goes forward to victory. Thus a new line is formed, day 
after day, and victory is assured. The better kind is the latter. It is advancement. 
It is enlargement. It is re-entrenchment. We are waiting. We are watching. We 
are praying. We are looking to you, brethren and sisters, looking to the church. 
Shall we look in vain? Now is the time. Do your duty and be blest. Accept the 
glorious privilege of helping others to the light. We are all laborers together with 
Christ. Let us all rejoice together here in the souls rescued and finally in the home 
when we all gather there at Jesus' feet. 

"No man cared for my soul" (Psa. 142: 4). 

A. E. 
A. K. E. 





































I— i 

































































a . 












































Bulsar, .... 







Dahanu, . . . 




5 ... 









Jalalpor, ... 














































Vyara, .... 



1| 2 



















21| 7 

The staff represents the close of the year. At this time there were seven mission- 
aries off the field, and are not counted in the above table. 

Dahanu and Vada are a part of the Bulsar church. Ahwa and Pimpalner are a part 
of Vyara yet. 

Annual Report 


1913. Sunday-School Statistical Table, First District of India. 
Prepared by J. B. Emmert, Dist. Sec. 

O d 



























.S bo 

t. a 

■- be 


En si 

c3~ C 

cp +j 
aaj ji 



Cm Oh 

x ™ 

3 co 





Ahwa, . . . 



Vadi, _. . . . 
Total. . . . 



$ .12 













| 1 











1 3 



$ 60. 

148|43|$ .40| 

? 58.40 




33| 1 

66 8 
...| 5 


| 266 

! 280 

I 171 









215|11| 249 

232| 7| 135 


601. . 
52 1 

15|. . 
146 17 











2 Oil 













24 | 81405|3071 9| 3| 2| 4| 6 

72 Annual Report 


1. World-Wide Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 13,260 19 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 32,197 19 

Income from endowment and real estate, 29,983 77 

Church Extension Fund, overdrawn during 1913, now paid 

back, 3,284 23 

Earnings, Brethren Publishing House, 6,240 61 

Interest on bank account, 570 75 

Rent from Switzerland property, 38 96 72,315 51 

$ 85,575 70 
Expenditures — 

Annual Meeting Committees. Account No. 16*, $ 216 00 

Annuities on endowment funds, '. 22,561 21 

Publications. Account No. 17, 5,738 62 

General expense. Account No. 20, 4,987 10 

District mission work. Account No. 19, 7,945 00 

Colorado city churchhouse, transfer, 5 00 

Michigan farm account, 66 11 

Sweden Mission, 2,604 61 

Denmark Mission, 2,112 52 

China Mission. Account No. 3, 9,248 36 

India Mission. Account No. 2, 22,497 48 77,982 01 

Balance to new year, $ 7,593 69 

* If information on any fund is desired, turn to number of account that cor- 
responds with account numbers given in making up the statement. 

2. India Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balances from various India accounts of last year, $ 6,367 59 

Donations reported in Visitor, 1,459 82 

Interest on endowment, 132 75 

Special supports of workers. Account No. 9, 8,075 00 

Transmission to missionaries. Account No. 10, 1,143 16 

Native schools. Reported in Visitor, 465 10 

Native workers. Account No. 11, . 1,759 96 

Industrial work. Reported in Visitor, 108 30 

Loan fund. Account No. 12 255 37 

Hospital fund. Reported in Visitor, 42 70 

Bible dormitories. Account No. 13, 120 00 

Vyara Girls' School. Account No. 14, 1,090 30 

Building fund. Account No. 15, 80 19 

Widows' Home. Reported in Visitor, . . 164 43 

Boarding-school. Reported in Visitor, 478 87 

Orphanage and training work. Reported in Visitor 3,023 74 

Refunds on steamer fares, and voyage money, 531 42 

From World-Wide Fund, to balance, 22,497 48 41,428 59 

Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 6,952 01 

Supports of workers 11,815 00 

Steamer fares, money advanced for voyage, etc., for mis- 
sionaries, 3,633 81 

Outfits, home fares, new missionaries, 416 30 

Freight, supplies, cabling, etc., 80 31 

Medical equipment of physicians, 450 00 

Pimpalner bungalow, 2,000 00 

Bungalow repairs, 175 00 

Native quarters, general, 560 00 

$ 47,796 18 

Annual Report 73 

Anklesvar native quarters, $ 500 00 

Vyara native quarters, 150 00 

Medical work, 300 00 

Vyara Boarding-school, 1,337 50 

Pimpalner Boarding-school, 700 00 

Vyara granary and storehouse, 395 00 

Publishing work, 100 00 

Anklesvar bungalow deficit, 200 00 

Vada annex deficit, 60 00 

Heavy furniture for various stations, 300 00 

Vali church, , 750 00 

Bulsar bungalow, ' 1,000 00 

Anklesvar fence, 100 00 

Water systems, three places, 100 00 

Land, general, 250 00 

Vali orphan farmers, 100 00 

Vacation fund 100 00 

Bible School, Bulsar 250 00 

Medical treatment, furloughed missionary, , 66 00 

Native schools, 691 70 

Industrial work, 300 00 

Widows' Home, 400 00 

Native workers, 2,066 79 

Orphanage and training department, ... ."i .. 1,82300 

Transmission account, 1,143 16 $ 39,265 58 

Balances to New Year — 

Native schools 

Missionaries' Children School, 

Loan fund, 

Bible dormitories, , 


Vyara Girls' School, 

Building fund, 


Native workers, 

Orphanage and training department, 3,239 75 8,530 60 

$ 47,796 18 

3. China Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balances from old year, $ 1,002 42 

Donations as reported in Visitor, 926 21 

Native workers. Account No. 11, 269 69 

Orphanage, as reported in Visitor, 1,117 66 

Hospital, as reported in Visitor, 56 00 

Girls' School, as reported in Visitor, 92 57 

Boys' School, as reported in Visitor, 5,286 91 

Transmission. Account No. 10, 46 52 

Refund on voyage money, by missionaries, 608 88 

Orphanage support, 1912 and 1913, from Orphanage Fund, 910 00 

Supports of missionaries. Account No. 9, 3,500 40 

From World-wide, to balance account, 9,248 36 22,062 20 

$ 93 














5C0 00 





$ 23,064 62 

Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 3,526 45 

Supports of workers, 5,394 56 

Fares, missionaries and funds for voyage, 3,634 12 

Outfit expenses and home fares, new workers, 382 02 

Medical equipment and journals, physicians, 1,072 50 

Freight, dispensary goods, etc., 306 70 

Support, orphans, 1912 refunded China, 400 00 

Agency hire, 197 50 

Sickness and burial, B. F. Heckman, 80 00 

Liao Chou School, 200 00 


Annual Report 

Native workers, $ 231 44 

Orphanage, 1,285 00 

Transmission, ' 42 20 $ 16,752 49 

Balances — 

Native workers, $ 138 17 

Orphanage, 734 16 

Hospital, 56 00 

Girls' School, 92 57 

Boys' School, 5,286 91 

Transmission, 4 32 

4. Church Extension. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand from last year, 

Donations reported in the Visitor, $ 24 57 

Proceeds sale, Palestine, Ark., church, 87 75 

Expenditures — 

Settlement of loan on Boone River, Iowa, church, $ 95 00 

Part of last year's overdraft from World-wide Fund, now 

paid back, , 3,284 23 


Balance to new year, 

6,312 13 
$ 23,064 62 

$ 16,300 16 

112 32 

$ 16,412 48 

3,379 23 
$ 13,033 25 

Bills Receivable. 
Receipts — 

Loans paid by churches, — 

Bloom, Kansas, $ 

Guthrie, Okla., 

Lakeview, Mich., , 

Williston, N. Dak 

Bellwood, Pa 

James River, N. Dak., 

Bandon, Oregon, 

Hartman, Colo., 

Tacoma, Wash., 

Raisin, Cal., 

Empire, Cal., 

Chico, Cal., 

Egeland, N. Dak., 

McClave, Colo., 

Madison, Kansas, 

Newton, Kansas, 

Saginaw, Texas, 

Sidney, Nebr., 

Austin, Ark., 

Christiansburg, Va., 

Portage, Ind., 

Roosevelt, N. Dak., 

Lowland, Colo., 

Elk City, Okla., 

From fund. Settlement Boone River, la., 


Balance of loans in force at close of 

Expenditures — 

Transfer to World-wide donations, interest 
Salem congregation, N. Dak., of last year. 

By error credited here, 

Balance of loans from last year, 

600 00 

80 CO 

43 80 

11 46 

89 40 

105 00 

202 25 

60 00 

140 00 

400 00 

200 00 

100 00 

100 00 

90 00 

60 00 

160 00 

50 00 

75 00 

50 00 

70 00 

300 00 

55 00 

40 00 

100 00 

95 00 

$ 3,276 91 

13,033 25 


$ 10 00 

16,300 16 

$ 16,310 16 

16,310 16 

Annual Report 75 

5. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year $ 10,921 P7 

Earnings, Brethren Publishing House, $ 1,560 00 

Earnings of Gish Publishing Fund, 464 72 2,024 72 

$12,946 59 
Expenditures — 

Paid out during year in assistance to ministers and widows 

of ministers, 1,160 00 

Balance to new year, $ 11,786 59 

6. Gish Testament Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 445 91 

Income during year from sales of Testaments, 730 05 $ 1,175 96 

Expenditures — 

Binding up an edition of Gish Testaments, 527 40 

Balance to new year, $ 648 56 

7. Gish Publishing Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 607 59 

Income from sales of books to ministers, 170 92 

Sales of books to Publishing House, 42 75 

Income from Gish Endowment, 3,323 61 3,537 28 

$ 4,144 87 
Expenditures — 

Books published and purchased during year, $ 1,554 69 

Annuity Sister Barbara Gish, 1,000 00 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 464 72 

Expenses of committee, , 5 61 3,025 02 

Balance to new year, $ 1,119 85 

8. Special Funds. 

Africa — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, $ 85 01 

Japan — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 84 30 

Philippines — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 81 40 

Porto Rico — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 234 42 

Work Among the Arabs — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 50 00 

Jerusalem Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year $ 496 31 

Donations reported in Visitor, 61 00 557 31 

South America — 

On hand at beginning of year, $ 76 44 

Donations as reported through the Visitor, 44 90 121 34 

New England Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 155 00 

Southern Native White — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 23 23 

76 Annual Report 

Australia — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 


On hand at beginning of year, $ 236 89 

Donations as reported in Visitor, 38 88 

Medical Missions — 

On hand at beginning of year, no increase, 

Colorado City, Churchhouse — 
Receipts — 

Transferred from World-wide Fund, 

Expenditures — 

Paid Colorado City brethren, 

Denver Colored Work — 
Receipts — 

Donations as reported in the Visitor, 

Expenditures — 

To T. E. George, treasurer, N. W. Kansas and N. E. 

Balance to new year, 

Chicago Sunday-school Extension — 
Receipts — 

Donations during year, as reported in Visitor, 

Expenditures — 

Paid to Chicago Extension, 

Ohio and Indiana Flood Sufferers — 
Receipts — 

Donations as reported in the Visitor, 

Expenditures — 

Paid to A. L. Klepinger, Dayton, Ohio, $ 1,923 76 

Paid to S. T. Fisher, Peru, Ind., 300 00 

9. Special Support Funds. 

Southern California Sunday-schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6667, '. $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6917, 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6565, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 6808, 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Jesse B. Emmert, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 50 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6473, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6780, 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler, 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 275 00 

Receipt No. 6770, 600 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker and Oli^e Widdowson, .... 600 00 

Balance to new year, 275 00 

16 00 

75 77 

12 00 

5 00 

5 00 

685 57 

300 00 
300 00 

350 00 
350 00 

300 00 
300 00 

875 00 

875 00 

Annual Report 77 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland. 

Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 100 00 

Receipt No. 6453 50 00 

Receipt No. 6628 250 00 

Receipt No. 6759 60 00 $ 460 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. B. Stover 300 00 

Balance to new year, 160 00 460 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year $ 256 25 

Receipt No. 6761, 275 00 $ 53125 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Q. A. Holsopple, , . . 300 00 

Balance to new year, 231 25 531 25 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Iowa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6274, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning, 300 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund. 

Receipts — 

Conference offering as reported in August Visitor, $ 14 76 

Receipt No. 6493, 5 00 

Receipt No. 6556, - 376 04 $ 395 80 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, 244 10 

Support Sister Josephine Powell, 300 00 544 10 

Balance due the Board, $ 148 30 

Oiler Memorial Fund. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 

- Receipt No. 6379, ' 

Receipt No. 6577, 

Receipt No. 6662, 

Receipt No. 6863, 175 00 $ 750 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Kathren Holsopple and Florence Pittenger 

Balance to new year, 150 00 750 00 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6269, ! 

Receipt No. 6309, 

Receipt No. 6370 

Receipt No. 6492, 

Receipt No. 6547, 

Receipt No. 6672, 

Receipt No. 6693, 

Receipt No. 6751, 

Receipt No. 6773, 

Receipt No. 6834, 25 00 $ 204 89 

Expenditures — 

* Support Brother S. Ira Arnold, 

Balance to new year, 54 89 204 89 

50 00 

175 00 

175 00 

175 00 

175 00 

600 00 

150 00 

34 00 

25 00 











52 02 





150 00 

54 89 

78 Annual Report 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Virginia. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6916, $ 675 00" 

Support Brother A. W. Ross and family, 675 00 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6360, , $ 250 CO 

Expenditures — 

Due from old year $ 375 00 

Support Brother D. J. Lichty 250 00 625 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 3~5 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Illinois. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6338, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance from old year, $ 250 00 

Support Sister Sadie J. Miller, 250 00 500 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 250 00 

Second, Northern and Eastern Districts, Virginia. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6278, $ 5100 

Receipt No. 6296, 18 00 

Receipt No. 6352, 77 50 

Receipt No. 6356, 50 00 

Receipt No. 6368, 106 00 

Receipt No. 6482 15 54 

Receipt No. 6665, 19 75 

Conference offering. Reported in August Visitor, 50 00 

Receipt No. 6691, 25 00 

Receipt No. 6741, 17 00 

Receipt No. 6814 19 00 

Receipt No. 6827 50 00 

Receipt No. 6873, • 5 00 $ 503 79 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, 721 85 

Support Brother and Sister I. S. Long 500 00 1,221 85 

Balance due the Board - $ 718 06 

Metzger China Fund. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6630 s $ 10 00 

Receipt No. 6909, 2150 $ 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Sister Minerva Metzger, 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6351, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rosa Kaylor, 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Iowa. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 2 00 

Receipt No. 6912, 108 00 $ 110 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards the support of Sister Minerva Metzger, 110 00 





300 00 

300 00 

Annual Report 79 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

From China expense. Overpayment of support B. F. Heck- 
man, deceased, $ 137 50 

Expenditures — 

Paid towards obligation of Dr. O. G. Brubaker, 137 50 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6539 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6799, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby, 300 00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6592, $ 

Receipt No. 6904, 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Sister Anna M. Hutchison 

Shade Creek and Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6322, $ 

Receipt No. 6818, 

Expenditures — 

Balance due from last year, 

Support Sister Anna Z. Blough 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year $ 

Receipt No. 6897, 

Expenditures — 

Support Brethxen J Homer Bright and J. M. Pittenger, 

Balance to new year, 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 

Receipt No. 6395 

Receipt No. 6907, 

Income on Oiler endowment, ■ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Mary N. Quinter (deceased) and Nora A. 

Altoona Sunday-school, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 

Receipt No. 6682, 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother H. B. Heisey, . . .- 

Balance to new year, 

127 69 
72 31 


200 00 

200 00 


300 00 
300 00 


600 00 

300 00 
300 00 

600 00 

275 00 
600 00 


875 00 

600 00 

275 00 

875 00 

62 00 
150 00 
150 00 
238 00 


600 00 
600 00 

150 00 
300 00 


450 00 

300 00 
150 00 

450 00 

Huntingdon Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6610, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 6819, 74 92 $ 199 92 

Expenditures — 

Balance from last year, 199 92 

Support Brother J. M. Blough, 250 00 449 92 

Balance due the Board, $ 250 00 

80 Annual Report 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 284 30 

Receipt No. 6578 664 22 $ 948 52 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Mary Stover and Winnie Cripe, 600 00 

Balance to new year, 348 52 948 52 

Southwestern Kansas and Southeastern Colorado District. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6551, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 6609, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker, 500 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6499, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6748, : 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller, 300 00 

North Dakota China Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, . . . ." $ 28 30 

Receipt No. 6396, 10 00 

Receipt No. 6420, 20 00 

Receipt No. 6477 12 50 

Receipt No. 6490, 65 74 

Receipt No. 6529 62 00 

Receipt No. 6619 22 20 

Receipt No. 6631, 34 85 

Receipt No. 6711, 10 00 $ 265 69 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother G. W. Hilton and family, 375 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 109 41 

English River Sunday-school, Iowa. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6471 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6804, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice K. Ebey, , 300 00 

Salem Congregation, Ohio. 
Expenditures — 

Support Sister Minnie Bright, $ 300 00 

Balance due the Board, 300 00 

Girard Sunday-school, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 138 47 

Expenditures — 

Returned to Girard Sunday-school, 138 47 

Lordsburg Sunday-school and Congregation, California. 

Receipts — 

Conference offering, 1913, as reported in Visitor, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6567, 50 75 

Receipt No. 6675 49 25 

Receipt No. 6828, 50 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister Ernest Vaniman, 300 00 

Annual Report 


Northern Virginia Sunday-schools. 

Receipt No. 6613 $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 6654, 325 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Fred J. Wampler, 150 00 

Balance to new year, 200 00 350 00 

Brother Isaiah and Sister Olive Brennaman, California. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6694, $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother J. I. Kaylor, 150 00 

Sunday-schools of Flora, Bachelor Run, Upper and Lower Deer 
Creek and Howard, Indiana. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6678, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 6679, 183 90 $ 333 90 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Dr. O. G. Brubaker and family, 333 90 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6788, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth B. Arnold, 150 00 

Balance to new year, 150 00 300 00 

10. Transmission Account. 

For India — 

Receipt No. 6261, . . . 

Receipt No. 6297, . . . 

Receipt No. 6301, . . . 

Receipt No. 6304, . . . 

Receipt No. 6317, .. . 

Receipt No. 6361, . . . 
From India expense, 

Receipt No. 6415, .. . 

Receipt No. 6337, .. . 

Receipt No. 6455, . . . 

Receipt No. 6484, . . . 

Receipt No. 6503, . . . 

Receipt No. 6510, . . . 

Receipt No. 6517, . . . 

Receipt No. 6571, .. . 

Receipt No. 6570, . . . 

Transfer amount, . . . 

Receipt No. 6645, . . . 

Receipt No. 6668, . . . 

Receipt No. 6673, . . . 

Receipt No. 6674, . . . 

For China — 

Receipt No. 6310, 
Receipt No. 6495, 
Receipt No. 6525, 
Receipt No. 6597, 

Receipt No. 6263, 
Receipt No. 6264, 

10 00 
.10 00 
20 00 

2 00 
75 00 

8 73 
6 00 
10 00 
93 00 
30 00 
8 05 
16 00 
10 00 

3 40 
35 00 
38 03 
70 00 
50 00 
20 00 
20 00 
50 00 

5 20 

1 00 

15 00 

8 17 

Receipt No. 6674, 

Receipt No. 6681, 

From W. W. Endowment, 

Receipt No. 6703, 

Receipt No. 6710, 

Receipt No. 6712, 

Receipt No. 6715, 

Receipt No. 6717, 

From India expense, 

Receipt No. 6729, 

Receipt No. 6755, 

Receipt No. 6760, 

Receipt No. 6766, 

Receipt No. 6767, 

Receipt No. 6820, 

Receipt No. 6860, 

Receipt No. 6867, 

Receipt No. 6876, 

Receipt No. 6886, 

Receipt No. 6896, 

Total for India, 

Receipt No. 6633, .. 

Receipt No. 6699, . . 

Receipt No. 6821, . . 

Receipt No. 6824, .. 

15 00 

30 00 

200 00 

5 00 

3 50 

30 00 

25 56 

4 00 

120 00 

29 46 

8 70 

28 75 

5 00 

4 35 

5 00 

5 63 

1 00 

5 00 

7 00 

25 00 

$ 1,143 16 

2 00 

8 00 

2 15 

5 00 

Total for China, 

1 1 . India Native Workers. 

52 00 Receipt No. 6574, 
25 00 Receipt No. 6515, 

46 52 

15 00 
25 00 


Annual Report 




14 00 




35 00 




50 00 




15 00 




25 00 




25 00 




15 00 




12 50 








12 50 




25 00 




32 00 




10 00 




50 00 




5 00 




20 10 




8 00 








60 00 




15 00 




12 50 




60 00 



12 50 



30 00 




10 00 




6 00 




75 00 




12 50 




12 50 




12 50 




50 00 




5 00 




16 35 




12 50 




13 25 




6 00 




20 00 




50 00 



6459, ...... 

15 00 




9 50 




50 00 




15 00 




25 50 




20 35 


No ; 


15 00 





15 00 

From n 

Dn receipts, 

38 00 

5 50 




12 50 




40 00 


offering, . . . 

104 00 




15 00 

Receipt No. 


12 50 




60 00 




20 00 




12 50 




60 00 




50 00 




50 00 




5 00 




12 50 




1 00 




60 00 




27 66 






30 00 

2 00 




12 50 


..$ 1,759 96 

China Native Workers — 




17 48 




....$ 23 00 




60 00 




12 50 




15 00 




25 35 




25 00 





12 50 
33 25 




4 95 



15 74 




23 92 

Total for China, 

..$ 268 69 

12. India Loan Fund. 

Receipts — 




$ 255 37 


India Bible 


Receipts — 




$ 120 00 

14. Vyara Girls' School. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6881 $ 1,000 00 

Receipt No. 6891, 65 30 

Receipt No. 6892, 25 00 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 6637, 

15. India Building Fund. 
16. Annual Meeting Committees. 

Expenditures — 

Expenses of Auditing Committee, , 

Expenses of Tract Examining Committee, 

.$ 176 80 
39 2C 

$ 1,090 30 

80 19 

$ 216 00 

Annual Report 83 

17. Publication Account. 

Expenditures — 

Tracts, $ 581 70 

Rebate on old book and tract contracts, 318 70 

Missionary Gospel Messengers and periodicals, 801 88 

Annual report of Board, 400 00 

Missionary Visitor, 3,219 80 

Mission study, 132 09 

Missionary education, 284 45 $ 5,738 62 

18. Building and Grounds. 

Expenditures — 

Insurance, boiler, building- and contents, $ 718 70 

New boiler, accessories and installing same, 2,420 81 

Taxes, 1,748 04 

Repairs, minor improvements and upkeep of property, .... 342 94 $ 5,230 49 

19. District Mission Work. 

Assistance to State Districts — 

Middle Missouri, 


Northwestern Ohio, 

Southern Missouri, 


Southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York, . 


Northwestern Kansas and Northeastern Colorado, 

Texas and Louisiana, 


Northern Iowa, South Dakota and Minnesota, 

Southern Iowa, 

Middle Iowa, 

Michigan, ■ 

Southwestern Kansas and Southeastern Colorado, 


Southern California and Arizona, 300 00 $ 7,945 00 

20. General Expense. 

Expenditures — 

Board's traveling expenses, $ 



Traveling Secretaries, 

Dictaphones for office, 

By-laws for Board, 

Treasurer's bond, . . . .' 

Stationery, annuity plan leaflets, cabling and telegraph 

charges, examination missionary applicants, etc., .... 361 31 $ 4,987 10 

21. Endowment Funds. 

Note. — The number preceding the amount is the number of receipt sent the donor. 

Donations to World-Wide. 

Pennsylvania— 6398, 100 00 

6315, $ 2,000 00 6442, 2,500 00 

6358, 500 00 6465, 1,000 00 

6354, 40 00 6535, 50 00 

6412, 1,000 00 6561 20 00 

6752, 200 00 6629, 2,000 00 

6802, 4,000 00 6639, 500 00 

6809, 5 00 6787, 100 00 

6835 1,000 00 6790, 500 00 

6847, 600 00 $ 9,345 00 6832, 2,000 00 $ 9,070 00 

Indiana — Iowa — 

6355, $ 300 00 6320, $ 1,700 00 

300 00 

250 00 

200 00 

120 00 

800 00 

1,100 00 

300 00 

1,400 00 

500 00 

600 00 

400 00 

200 00 

275 00 

200 00 

500 00 

500 00 

300 00 

366 13 

3,100 00 

470 30 

435 36 

125 00 

59 00 

70 00 


Annual Report 


50 00 

2,000 00 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 

500 00 

100 00 

Illinois — 

6273 . .$ 1,000 00 

6443, 2,000 00 

6841, 1,500 00 



25 00 $ 

20 00 
500 00 

10 25 
300 00 

25 00 

25 00 

25 00 

10 00 

6627, 1,000 00 


25 00 
25 00 
20 00 

100 00 
2,000 00 

500 00 



Maryland — 
7,875 00 6287, 




Nebraska — 


Virginia — 





Washington — 

6462, _ 

California — 


25 00 
200 00 
,000 00 


4,225 00 

20 00 
700 00 
100 00 
200 00 


1,020 00 

,000 00 


1,000 00 

50 00 

50 00 

100 00 

500 00 


700 00 

600 00 


600 00 

500 00 


500 00 

$ 4,585 25 

$ 38,920 25 

Total donations to World-wide for year, $ 38,920 25 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, 638,651 96 $677,572 21 

Returned to donors by previous contingent agreement, 
Total World-wide Endowment at close of year, . . 

450 00 

Annuity Mission Endowment — 

Balance from last year, $ 24,887 21 

Receipt No. 6519, Iowa, 1,000 00 

Receipt No. 6624, California, 2,000 00 

Receipt No. 6800, Iowa, 500 00 

Receipt No. 6845, Illinois, 700 00 

India Endowment — 

Balance from last year, $ 2,150 00 

Receipt No. 6783, Pennsylvania, 100 00 

China Endowment — 

Receipt No. 6783, Pennsylvania, $ 100 00 

Gish Estate- 

Balance from last year, 
Total endowment, . 

$677,122 21 

29,087 21 

2,250 00 
100 00 

56,334 12 
$764,893 54 

22. Endowment by States. 

Illinois, $173,822 84 

Indiana, ". 102,086 87 

Pennsylvania, 100,311 36 

Ohio, 90,677 98 

Iowa 90,660 00 

California, 50,281 58 

Virginia, 50,004 50 

Nebraska, 31,903 16 

Kansas, 31,860 00 

Maryland, 20,891 84 

Missouri, 7,993 00 

Michigan, 6,020 00 

Colorado, 1,500 00 

Oregon 1,000 00 

Washington, 812 00 

Arizona, 500 00 

West Virginia, 488 00 

Minnesota, 150 00 

Idaho, 55 00 

Annual Report 85 

Oklahoma, $ 45 00 

District of Columbia, 22 SO 

North Dakota, 20 00 

Alabama, > 7 50 

Unclassified, 1,430 41 

India Endowment, 2,250 00 

China Endowment 100 00 

Total endowment, • $764,893 54 

23. Gospel Messenger Endowment. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 12,100 00 

Receipt No. 6431, 50 00 

Balance to new year, $ 12,150 00 

24. Interest Bearing Funds, Received During the Year. 

Receipts — 

Bills receivable, loans paid, $ 71,256 82 

Denmark Poor Fund, interest, 175 32 

Brethren Publishing House, bills receivable, paid, 2,037 29 

Gospel Messenger Endowment, 50 00 

Mission Endowment, 4,200 00 

World-wide Endowment, 38,920 25 

India Endowment, 100 00 

China Endowment, 100 00 

Payments on real estate, 7,269 35 

Brethren Publishing House, reserve, 7,000 00 

M. L. Bruce farm, 4,621 88 

Overdrawn, interest bearing funds, , 27,295 71 $163,026 62 

Expenditures — 

Bills receivable, new loans, $148,950 00 

Denmark Poor Fund, 100 00 

World-wide Endowment, 450 00 

Witmore farm, Ohio, ' 1,000 00 

Michigan farm, 51 14 

Overdrawn last year, now paid back, 12,475 48 $163,026 62 

25. Assets. 

Cash on hand, ....$ 7,547 12 

Bills receivable, secured by mortgages, 717,388 19 

Brethren Publishing House, 130,000 00 

Church extension, bills receivable, '....' 13,033 25 

Real estate 2,298 00 

Accounts receivable, >. 1,610 18 

Total assets, March 1, 1914, ......::......:. $871,876 74 

Total assets, March 1, 1913, 819,220 59 

Total increase, ................. -. $ 52,656 15 

26. Statement of the Ledger. 

Cash, $ 7,547 12 


World-wide fund, .,,,-.,,, $ 7,593 69 

Accounts receivable, $ 1,610 18 

Missionary deputation work, ....... 2,050 90 

(Cash $3,932.6L) 

Church extension fund, :.\\-.\\\\\::::::.:.\'. '::::::: :::::::;.'. . $ 13,033 25 

Church extension, bills receivable, . . $ 13,033 25 

86 Annual Report 


Native schools, 

Missionaries' children's schools, 


Loan fund, 

Bible dormitories, 

Vyara Girls' School, 

Building fund, 


Native workers, 


(Cash $8,530.60.) 


Native workers, 

Orphanage, .- 


Girls' School 

Boys' School, 


(Cash $6,312.13.) 


Africa, • 



Porto Rico, 

Work among the Arabs, 


South America, 

New England mission, 

Southern native white, 



Medical missions, 

Denver colored work, 

(Cash $2,099.85.) 


Colored mission, 

Colored industrial work, 

Gish Testament, 

Ministerial and missionary relief fund, 

Gish publishing fund, 

(Cash $14,073.75.) 


Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 

Pipe Creek congregation, 

Quemahoning congregation, 

Nebraska foreign fund, 

Oiler memorial fund, 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools, 

Mt. Morris missionary society, 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, 

Virginia Districts, 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, 

Altoona Sunday-school, 

Huntingdon Y. P. Miss, and Temp. Assoc, 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, 

North Dakota China fund, 

Salem congregation, Ohio, 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, 

Coon River congregation, 

(Overdrawn $106.11.) 

$ 93 25 

5 00 

2,663 23 

255 37 

120 00 

1,090 30 

80 19 

500 00 

483 51 

3,239 75 

$ 138 17 

734 16 

56 00 

92 57 

5,286 91 

4 32 

$ 85 01 

84 30 

81 40 

234 42 

50 00 

557 31 

121 34 

155 00 

23 23 

16 00 

275 77 

12 00 

404 07 

$ 121 00 

397 75 

648 56 

11,786 59 

1,119 85 

$ 50 00 

275 00 

160 00 

231 25 

148 30 

150 00 

54 89 

375 00 

250 00 

718 06 

275 00 

150 00 

250 00 

' 348 52 

109 41 

300 00 

200 00 

150 00 

Annual Report 87 


Denmark poor fund, $ 3,146 94 

Brethren Publishing House, investment, $130,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, reserve 39,200 00 

Gospel Messenger endowment, 12,150 00 

India endowment, 2,250 00 

Mission endowment, 29,087 21 

China endowment, 100 00 

Endowment bills receivable, 717,388 19 

World-wide endowment, 677,122 21 

Real estate, 2,298 00 

Witmore farm, Ohio, 1,000 00 

Gish estate, 56,334 12 

Mark Baker farm, 4,000 00 

(Overdrawn $27,295.71.) 


World-wide fund, $ 3,932 61 

India, 8,530 60 

China, 6,312 13 

Special missions, 2,099 85 

Miscellaneous funds, 14,073 75 

Special supports, $ 106 1 1 

Interest bearing funds, 27,295 71 

Cash on hand, 7,547 12 

$ 34,948 94 $ 34,948 94 


Resources — 

Office Fixtures, $ 2,479 50 

Machinery, 51,179 90 

Outfit, 11,898 58 

O. L. '10, 176 93 

O. L. '12, 1,183 17 

Accounts, 19,474 16 

Merchandise, 11,579 43 

G. M., 523 27 

O. Y. P., 40 00 

S. S. papers, 40 00 

Quarterlies, 25 00 

Job, . . „ 38,825 64 

T. M., 15 00 

Cash on hand Feb. 28, 1914, 28,676 55 

$166,117 17 
Liabilities — 

O. L. '11, $ 5 71 

Gospel Messenger, unexpired subscriptions, 21,468 64 

Our Young People, unexpired subscriptions, 951 13 

S. S. papers, unexpired subscriptions, 623 90 

Quarterlies, unexpired subscriptions, 30 15 

Teachers' Monthly, unexpired subscriptions, 511 00 

Gospel Messenger Poor Fund, 34 67 

$ 23,625 20 
New investment, exclusive of buildings, 142,491 93 

$166,1117 13 

88 Annual Report 


We, the undersigned committee, appointed by Annual Conference to audit the 
books and accounts of the General Mission Board of the Church of the Brethren, in- 
cluding the Publishing House operated under the control of the said Board, make the 
following report: 

This report embraces the ope-rations of the Board for the fiscal year beginning 
March 1, 1913, and ending Feb. 28, 1914. A careful and painstaking examination was 
made of all business transactions during the fiscal year. All expenditures of money 
were evidenced by vouchers duly receipted; securities were examined and found as 
shown by their books and this report; interest on securities is paid promptly, with 
but few exceptions. As far as your committee is able to ascertain, after carefully exam- 
ining securities and decisions of the Mission Board, it feels that every precaution is 
taken to avoid losses in loaning the funds of the Board. We further recommend that 
the Board maintain the policy of loaning its funds only upon first mortgage on 
improved farm lands in settled and established communities. 

On critical and careful examination of pay roll and salaries we do not find that 
any individual or officer is receiving an exorbitant salary. 

All donations, as reported in the Missionary Visitor, and aggregating $50,041.19, are 
shown on the books of the secretary and credited to the accounts as published. 

Inasmuch as the liability laws are very rigid, and the liability uncertain in the 
event of accident, we, your committee, after carefully investigating and looking for 
any liability that might arise, feel that it is important that the reconstruction on the 
building work, formerly under contemplation by the General Mission Board, be carried 
forward at the earliest opportune time. 

The earnings of the Publishing House are very satisfactory, and commendation is 
due to the executive officers, managers, superintendents, and heads of departments for 
their earnest endeavors in bringing about the results as shown by the loss and gain 
account and statement of affairs. 

The missionary department and work of the General Mission Board are carried on, 
we believe, at the least possible expense, considering the magnitude of the work and 
the responsibilities assumed. 

We submit herewith a summarized statement of receipts and 'expenditures of the 
missionary department, as shown by the books of the secretary-treasurer. 

We also submit a summary of the ledger balances, after all transfers and charging 
off for the last fiscal year have been completed. These balances also represent the 
condition of the ledger for the new fiscal year beginning March 1, 1914. 

Summarized Report of Receipts and Expenditures of General Mis- 
sion Board for Year Beginning March 1, 1913, 
and Ending Feb. 28, 1914. 


Cash on hand at beginning of fiscal year, $21,620 78 

Total of all funds reported in Missionary Visitor, 50,041 19 

Income endowment, bank earnings and rent, 34,474 39 

Earnings Brethren Publishing House, 20,000 00 

Church Extension, Bills Receivable repaid, proceeds Palestine, Ark., church 

sale, 3,347 41 

India Funds — 

Interest loan fund, dormitories and refund, $ 1,119 73 

Special supports, 8,075 00 . 

Transmissions, 1,143 16 

Natives and Girls' School, 2,708 26 $ 13,046 15 

Annual Report 89 

China Funds — 

Support of missionaries, $ 3,500 40 

Support of native workers, 269 69 

Refund and transmissions, 655 40 $ 4,425 49 

Gish Funds — 

Sale of Testaments, $ 730 05 

Sale of Gish books and income, Gish Endowment, 3,537 28 $ 4,267 33 

Donations to Endowment Funds — 

World-wide endowment, $ 38,470 25 

Annuity mission endowment, 4,200 00 

India and China endowment, 200 00 

Gospel Messenger endowment, 50 00 $ 42,920 25 

Repayment of Loans — 

Endowment bills receivable $ 67,256 82 

Brethren Publishing House, '. 2,037 29 $ 69,294 11 

Sundry Accounts — 

Sale of old brick, etc., $ 31 10 

Real estate sold, 11,269 35 

M. L. Bruce farm, 4,178 20 

Denmark poor fund, 175 32 

Sundry receipts, 117 66 $ 15,771 63 

Total receipts, $279,208 73 


Annual Meeting Committee and general expenses, $ 5,274 21 

Annuities, 22,561 21 

Publications, 5,738 62 

Mission Work. 

District Missions, $ 7,945 00 

Sweden, 2,604 61 

Denmark, ". 2,112 52 $ 12,662 13 

General mission work, $ 23,263 43 

Bungalow and repairs, native quarters, buildings and 

equipments, 6,940 00 

Medical equipment, 750 00 

Schools and industrial work, 5,102 20 

Native workers, 2,066 79 

Transmission, 1,143 16 $ 39,265 58 

China — 

General mission work, : $ 13,963 55 

Medical equipment, journals, etc., $ 1,072 50 

Schools, native workers and orphanage, 1,716 44 $ 16,752 49 

Ministers' and missionaries' relief, 1,160 00 

Gish Testament and "publishing expense, 3,087 70 

Denver colored work, 281 50 

Chicago Extension expense, 1,390 97 

Flood sufferers, 2,223 76 

Building and ground expense, new boiler and installation, taxes, 

insurance, etc., 5,230 49 

Denmark poor fund, . . . . : 100 00 

Whitmore farm expense, $ 1,000 00 

Michigan farm, 51 14 $ 1,051 14 

Loans made during the year, 148,950 00 

Missionary deputation work, « 2,050 90 

Interest on reserve fund and General Mission endowment to 

Publishing House, 2,616 65 

90 Annual Report 

Accrued interest on loan purchased and interest on loan and 

income expense, $ 1,264 26 

Total expenditures, $271,661 61 

Cash on hand at close of fiscal year, 7,547 12 

$279 208 73 

Cash on hand, $ 7,547 12 

Missionary deputation work, 2,050 90 

Church extension bills receivable, 13,033 25 

Brethren Publishing House, 130,000 00 

Endowment bills receivable 717,388 19 

Real estate, 3,298 00 

Accounts receivable, 1,610 18 

Special support accounts, 2,150 77 

Gish Testament, ♦ $ 648 56 

Ministerial and missionary relief, 11,786 59 

Funds of various mission work and enterprises, 28,201 96 

Church extension donations, , ' 13,033 25 

Publishing House reserve, 39,200 00 

Endowment funds, 720,709 42 

Estates, etc., 60,334 12 

Publishing funds, 1,119 85 

Special support accounts, 2,044 66 

$877,078 41 $877,078 41 

The resources of the Publishing House are made up of the following accounts: 

Office fixtures, $ 2,479 50 

Outfit, , 11,898 58 

Machinery, , 51,179 90 

Accounts receivable, 20,828 55 

Merchandise, 11,579 43 

Material of publications, 643 27 

Job work in process of completion, 38,825 64 

Cash on hand, t 28,676 55 

Total, $166,111 42 


Advance subscriptions paid on publications, $ 32,619 49 

Net resources, $133,491 93 

The inventory for the fiscal year we have checked, and noted that proper depre- 
ciations have been made on machinery and outfit, and that the invoices of merchandise 
on hand are taken with care to avpid any overvaluation on either stock, merchandise or 
machinery. The inventories are taken by the manager and heads of departments and 
certified to by them. 

The buildings and stock of merchandise are covered by fire insurance. 
The aggregate amount of assets of the Missionary Committee holdings, exclusive 
of the properties in foreign lands are as follows: 

Brethren Publishing House inventory, $133,491 93 

Notes receivable* of all kinds, 730,421 44 

Real estate, 3,298 00 

Building and grounds, Elgin, 130,000 00 

Cash on hand, 7,547 12 

Accounts receivable, 1,610 18 

Total, ' $1,006,368 67 

The above report is hereby respectfully submitted, completed this 24th day of April, 
A. D. 1914. 

P. F. Eckerle, 
R. E. Burger, 
F. L. Reber. 

Annual Report 91 


Through many years of economy, thrift and foresight Brother James R. and Sister 
Barbara Gish accumulated the fortune which serves as the basis of the Gish Publishing 
Fund. After the death of her husband, Sister Gish decided to invest her money in a 
place where it would be a lasting benefactor to our church. After considering the 
question carefully she decided that to supply books for our ministers would be an 
extremely valuable work. Accordingly, her money was invested and the Gish Publish- 
ing Fund was established. The following record only begins to tell of the good which 
has already been accomplished by means of the fund. 

The fund is governed by the following rules: 

Section 1. Name. — The name of this fund shall be the Gish Publishing Fund. 

Section 2. Fund. — This fund shall consist of the estate of James R. and Barbara 
Gish, estimated value, $50,000; with any other funds that may hereafter be added to it. 

Section 3. Purpose. — The purpose of this fund shall be to supply the ministers of 
the Church of the Brethren with such books and other printed matter as may be helpful 
to them in advancing and maintaining the Truth. 

Section 4. Supervision. — The General Mission Board shall appoint a committee of 
three, so arranged in term of office that the time of one member expires each year, 
whose duty it shall be 

(a) To examine and pass upon publications issued and distributed by this fund. 

(b) To arrange with the publication department for publication and distribution 
of publications selected. 

Section 5. Surplus. — Any surplus on hand at the end of the fiscal year of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board shall, after proper allowance has been made for selected books 
not yet published, be turned over to the fund for superannuated and disabled ministers 
and missionaries: but should it not be needed in said fund, then it shall be given to the 
World-Wide Mission Fund. 

Section 6. Terms. — The publications shall be distributed free or at greatly reduced 
rates, at no time the price asked being more than the cost of publication, including the 
expense for delivery. 

Section 7. Report. — The General Mission Board shall cause to be published an 
annual report of the fund, including the list of books published and the number of copies 
distributed each year. 

Record of Book Distribution. 

Sent Out. 

"'Annual Meeting Minutes, 937 

* Alone with God, 1,973 

Bible Dictionary, 1,856 

Bible Manners and Customs, 1,886 

Bible Readings and Studies, 1,036 

Bible Atlas 1,232 

Blaikie's Bible History, 491 

Book of Books, 2,211 

*Bound Tracts, 2,499 

Character of Jesus, 250 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended, 1,325 

♦Bulwarks of the Faith, 703 

♦Divinity of Christ, 3,000 

Cruden's Concordance, 1,726 

How to Master the English Bible, 1,380 

History of the Brethren, 1,192 

fHistory of Preaching, Vol. I, 250 

fHistory of Preaching, Vol. II, 

Eternal Verities, 2,513 

Sent Out 

Total to 

During 1913 




































Annual Report 

*Life of John Kline, 1,145 

Edersheim's Life of Christ, 2 Vol., 1,504 

Lord's Supper, . 3,213 

Modern Secret Societies, 2,367 

Problems of Pulpit and Platform, 1,256 

*Resurrection of Christ, 1,000 

Seven Churches of Asia, 1,164 

Sick, Dying and Dead, 1,584 

*Square Talk About Inspiration of Bible, 2,485 

*Sunday School Commentary 8,937 

*Schaffs History of the Christian Church, Vol. I, 877 

*Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. II, 700 

fSchaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. VI, 452 

Teacher Training with the Master Teacher 1,320 

The Twelve Apostles, 1,668 

*Nave's Topical Bible, ■ 688 

Topical Text Book, 1,768 

Trine Immersion, 2,504 

Universalism, 1,274 

War vs. Peace, 490 

Young Preacher, 1,692 

Totals, 64,548 

*No longer distributed by the Fund. 
fTo be taken from the list Feb. 28, 1915. 

Administration of the Fund. 

The following table gives, in a brief way, some statistics concerning the income 
from the Gish estate, and the personnel of the committee since organization: 












; 1,203 

























Tear Ending 

in Books. 

Passed to 


Members of 

March 31. 

Min. and Miss. 
Relief Fund. 



f L. T. Holsinger 


$ 400 00 

■{ A. H. Puterbaugh 
[J. H. Moore 


1,544 83 

$ 500 00 

$ 9 40 

Same as above 


3,407 34 

50 00 

it a a 


1,987 11 

1,241 27 

16 95 

<( a a 

f L. T. Holsinger 


4,145 19 

981 49 

14 00 

] J. E. Miller 
[J. H. Moore 


2,572 32 

827 55 

8 95 

Same as above 
f L. T. Holsinger 


2,354 63 

512 80 

3 45 

\ J. E. Miller 
1 J. W. Wayland 
( Grant Mahan 


1,702 39 

772 91 

45 43 

\ J. E. Miller 
[J. W. Wayland 


2,667 72 

530 33 

49 55 

Same as above 


3,459 75 

681 91 

a a a 

fj. W. Wayland 
•1 J. E. Miller 


829 79 

472 42 

{ J. H. B. Williams 

f J. E. Miller 


2,489 24 

456 85 

8 60 

\ J. H. B. Williams 

1 I. B. Trout 

[J. H. B. Williams 


3,049 41 

430 94 

3 42 

■{ I. B. Trout 
I J. E. Miller 


2,231 61 

447 84 

Same as above 


1,261 30 

464 72 

2 25 

ii a it 


1,554 69 

464 72 

5 61 

n tt a 

$35,657 32 

$ 8,785 75 

$ 217 58 

It will be noted from the above figures that the 
is less than one-half cent on each dollar that comes 

cost of administration of this fund 
in for expenditure. 

Annual Report 93 

Twenty per cent of the net income of each year is applied to the Ministerial and 
Missionary Relief Fund. From this fund a number of aged ministers or their widows 
are receiving assistance. The fund thus accomplishes a charitable mission among those 
whose lives have been spent unselfishly for the Master. 

At the beginning of the new year five new books have been placed on the list 
available for ministers; viz., Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. VI, price 
to our ministers 88c; Orr's Problem of the Old Testament, 25c; Fradryssa's Roman 
Catholicism Capitulating Before Protestantism, 20c; Hillis' Contagion of Character, 
15c; and Goodell's Pastoral and Personal Evangelism, 15c. These books are now 
available for our ministers and can be secured through the Brethren Publishing House. 
A booklet, giving the list of books, with price and description, will be sent to any one 
of our ministers upon application. 

List of Books on the Fund at Present and Available for Distribution. 

Regu- To 

lar Price. Ministers. 

Bible Atlas. By J. L. Hurlbut, $2 75 $060 

Bible Dictionary. By Smith and Peloubet, 2 00 25 

Bible History. By Prof. W. G. Blaikie, 1 50 30 

Bible Manners and Customs. By C. M. Mackie, 1 00 12 

Bible Readings and Bible Studies. By I. J. Rosenberger, 35 10 

Book of Books. By James M. Gray, 85 12 

Brethren Defended. By R. H. Miller, 75 14 

Contagion of Character. By Newell Dwight Hillis, 1 20 15 

Cruden's Concordance, ' 1 00 30 

Character of Jesus. By Horace Bushnell, 60 15 

Edersheim's Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, 2 Volumes, 2 00 69 

Eternal Verities. By D. L. Miller, 1 25 19 

How to Master the English Bible. By J. M. Gray, 50 08 

History of the Brethren. By M. G. Brumbaugh, 2 00 48 

History of Preaching. By Edw. Charles Dargan, Vol. I, 2 00 30 

History of Preaching. By Edw. Chas. Dargan, Vol. II, 2 00 40 

Lord's Supper. By D. B. Gibson, 35 10 

Modern Secret Societies. By Chas. A. Blanchard, 75 10 

Pastoral and Personal Evangelism. By Chas. Goodell, 1 00 15 

Problems of the Pulpit. By D. D. Culler, 75 12 

Problem of the Old Testament. By James Orr, 1 50 25 

Roman Catholicism Capitulating Before Protestantism. By G. V. 

Fradryssa, 1 00 20 

Seven Churches of Asia. By D. L. Miller, 75 14 

Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. Ill, 4 00 88 

Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. VI, 4 00 88 

Teacher Training with the Master Teacher. By C. S. Beardslee, 55 09 

The Twelve Apostles. By J. W. Wayland, 75 12 

Topical Text Book. By R. A. Torrey, 30 12 

Trine Immersion. By James Quinter, 90 15 

Universalism Against Itself, 75 15 

War vs. Peace. By Jacob Funk, 75 15 

Young Preacher, The. By Theo. L. Cuyler, 50 10 

$40 35 $ 8 07 


Annual Report 

Financial Report for April 

In the March Visitor the $77.75 under 
World-wide should be credited to Freeburg Sun- 
day-school instead of .to Joseph Shidler. 

Also, the $20.00 under India Orphanage in 
the same Visitor should be credited to Freeburg 
Sunday-school instead of to Joseph Shidler. 

During the month of April the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 85,594 pages of tracts. 


The General Mission Board acknowledges 
with pleasure the receipt of the following do- 
nations during the month of April: 

Pennsylvania — -$528.67, 
Western District, Congregation. 

Manor $ 25 00 


H. L. Griffith, $8; Linda Griffith, $5, 13 00 

Middle District. 

Leamersville Aid Society and Con- 
gregation, 15 00 


Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone Congre- 

gregation, $2; A Brother, $100 ,. . 102 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Fairview, $15.85; Chiques, $27; Con- 
es toga, $9.23; Spring Creek, $32.52; 
Annville, $15; Mingo, $30; White Oak, 
$33.04; Springville, $16.34; West Con- 
estoga, $18; Elizabethtown, $70.50; 
Mountville, $11.97; Little Swatara, 

$20, i 299 45 


Voganville 10 97 


Jesse Ziegler (marriage notice), 50 
cents; I. W. Taylor (marriage notice), 

50 cents; A Brother $10, , . 11 00 

Southern District. 

Mrs. J. B. Frey and daughter, $11; 
Solomon Strauser, $6.30; D. H. Baker 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 17 80 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Coventry i 34 45 

Illinois — $142.16. 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Pine Creek, $9.50; Polo, $4.02 13 52 

Brethren Mission Fund. 

Mt. Morris 36 44 


Fred Fierheller, Milledgeville, $25; 
Geo. Fierheller, Milledgeville, $10; S. 
M. Herrington, Milledgeville. $5; A. 
W. Prowant, Milledgeville, $5.; Geo. 
E. Finifrock, Cherry Grove, $5; W. 
W. Lehman, Dixon, $1; Mrs. G. E. 
Whisler, Sterling, $1; Devi M. Kilhef- 
ner, Sterling, $1; Frank Livingood, 
Milledgeville, $1; Voyle Prowant, 
Milledgeville, $1; Geo. E. Puterbaugh, 
Lanark, $1; Aaron Hawbecker, Cherry 
Grove, $25; Mrs. D. Butterbaugh, 
Polo, $5; Fred Dutcher, Sterling, 50 
cents; J. L. Dyer, $1; E. B. Hoff (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; A. H. Stauffer, 

50 cents . .. 88 50 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Lamotte 3 70 

Washington — -$110.00. 

A brother and family, $100; mother 

and boys, $10 110 00 

Indiana— $64.25. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

North Liberty, 100 


Mr. and Mrs. T. G. Weaver, $10; 
Daniel Wysong (marriage notices), 
$1; Albert Hoffman and wife, $5; Mrs. 

Emma Bodey. $1 17 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Cart Creek, Somerset Congregation, 












$5 5 00 


"K. K.," $10; Mrs. Dora M. Smith, 
$5; Lawrence Shultz (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 

Southern District, Individuals. 

D. E. Bowman (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Samuel D. Stoner, $25.25, .. 
Maryland — $41 .83. 
Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View-Brownsville, 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

F. N. Weimer, $5 ; Amos Wampler, 


Tennessee — $30.00. 

W. H. Swadley, $20; B. Y. Harris, 


Oklahoma— $29.59. 

Oklahoma City Tithers, 

Gilbert Brubaker, $6.09; Sarah Mer- 
key, $1; W. B. Gish (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, 7 59 

Virginia — $1 8.90. 

First District, Congregations. 

Daleville, $12.90; Rolling Creek, 

$2.50, 15 40 

Northern District, Individual. 

Chas. Shirey, 150 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Mary Forester 100 

Southern District, Individual. 

F. D. Kennett 1 00 

Wisconsin — $15.00. 

J. M. Fruit 15 00 

Ohio — $27.68. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

D. G. Berkebile (marriage notice), 
50 cents; M. Smeltzer (marriage no- 
tice), 50 : cents i 

Northeastern ' District, Individuals. 

Chas. and Augusta Elson, Akron, 

$10; Geo. H. Domer, $2.88 

Southern District. 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

Pension Check, 


Cary G. Diehl, $1.35; A Brother and 
Sister, $10; S. H. Stokes, 25 cents, .. 
Iowa— -$13.00. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Bro. Rudder, $5; W. A. Blough, $3, 
Southern District, Sunday-school. 

North English, 

North Carolina — $10.00. 

Nellie M. Frisbee, 

West Virginia— $6.0O. 
Second District, Individuals. 

E. Lodge Ross, $5; J. F. Ross, $1, 
California* — $4.80. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Ollen N. Whitlow 

Southern District, Congregation. 


Kansas — -$4.08. 
Northeastern District. 

Missionary Society, Ottawa Congre- 


R. A. Yoder f marriage notice) 

M3chisran— $2.50. 

Amanda Wert^nberger 2 50 

North Dakota — $2.00. 

A Brother and Sister, Carrington 

Congregation 2 00 

Sweeten — S51.35. 

Mrs. Eliza. Ekberg .- 1 35 

Alabama — $1.00. 

E. J. Neher 1 00 
























Annual Report 


Canada — $1.00. 


Mrs. Richard Hanna, 1 00 

Colorado — $64.00. 

Western and Utah, Congregation. 

| Mt. Garfield 63 00 


■ H. M. Mohler. 1 00 

District of Columbia— $0.50. 

I A. Chambers (marriage notice), . . 5 

Nebraska — $1 0.50. 


| J. Souders, $10; P. A, Nickey (mar- 

Iriage notice), 50 cents, 10 50 

I Total for the month $ 1,128 81 

Previously received 728 40 

For the year so far $ 1,857 21 

Ohio — $26.80. 
Southern District. 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 

Earnings , $ l 80 


A Brother 25 00 

Kansas— $1 0.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. C. H. Strohm 10 00 

Pennsylvania— -$5.00. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

J. O. Drawbaugh and wife, York 

Congregation, . ., 5 00 

Illinois — $7.26. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Mt. Pleasant, Woodland Congrega- 
tion 7 26 

Missouri — $1.34. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Dry Fork 1 34 

Total for the month, $ 50 40 

Previously received 38 33 

t For the year so far, $ 88 73 

Pennsylvania— -$10O.OO. 
Western District, Individual. 

D. G. Miller 20 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

David S. Koonts, 20 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Geo. K. Pfatzgroff and wife 20 00 

Southeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Parkerford 20 00 

Primary Department, Parkerford 

Sunday-school 20 00 

Maryland — $32.00. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Hagerstown 32 00 

Ohio — $20.00. 

Northeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Owl Creek 20 00 

Virginia— $40.00\. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Cooks Creek 20 00 

Second District. Aid Society. 

Pleasant Valley, 20 00 

Oreg-on — $10.00. 

Newberg 10 00 

California— $20.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

El Centro tJ 00 

Michig-an — $1 8.0O. 

Sunfield 8 00 

AH Society. 

Woodland 10 00 

Canada— $6.67. 

Fairvi »w 6 67 

Iowa— $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk 5 00 

3Can sas— $6.00. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Maple Grove 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 256 67 

Previously received 84 42 

For the year so far 7$ 341 09 


Illinois — $35.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Wm. Wingerd and wife, $25; Sister 
John Heckman, $5; Mother and daugh- 
ter, $5 $ 35 00 

Kansas — $25.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Morrill, 25 00 

California — $1 2.50. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Egan, 1250 

Texas— $8.39. 

Manvel 8 39 

Indiana— $5.00. 
Northern District. 

Manus Laborum Class, Elkhart, . . 5 00 

Nebraska — $4.00. 

Susie McLellan, 4 00 

Total for the month $ 89 89 

Previously received 370 75 

For the year so far, $ 460 64 

Pennsylvania. — $5.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey, $ 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Previously received 

For the year so far, % 5 00 

Iowa — $5.25. 
Middle District. 

Old Sisters' Class 1 , Panther Creek 
Sunday-school , $ 5 25 

Total for the month $ 5.25 

Previously received 4 25 

For the year so far $ 9 50 


California — $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Pasadena % 5 00 

Illinois— $0.90. 

Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Morris', 90 

Total for the month, $ 5 90 

Previously received, 10 00 

For the year so far, $ 15 90 


Missouri — $50.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Jacob Ihrig, $ 50 00 

Pennsylvania— ^$8.50. 
Western District, Individual. 

Amanda Roddy, 1 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

J. O. Drawbaugh and wife, York, 

$5; M. Gertrude Hess, $2.50, 7 50 

lUinois — $1.60. 

Northern District. 

Brethren Mission Fund, Mt. Morris, 1 60 

California — $1 .00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Chamberlin $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 61 10 

Previously received, 67 89 

For the year so far $ 128 99 


Penn syl vania — $21 . 00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Amanda Roddy, . $ 1 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Waynesboro, 20 00 

Ohio— $21.00. 


Annual Report 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lima, 11 00 

Southern District, Individuals'. 

A Brother and Sister, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 42 00 

Previously received, Ill 65 

For the year so far $ 153 65 


Kansas — $10.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. C. H. Stirohm, $ 10 00 

Virginia — $8.35. 
Northern District. 

Class No. 5, Greenmount Sunday- 
school .■ 8 35 

North Dakota— $8.00, 

Surrey, 8 00 

Ohio — $1.00. 
Southern District. 

The Lord's Share of Uncle John's 
"Waste Basket, , 100 

Total for the month $ 27 35 

Previously received .. . 95 12 

For the year so far $ 122 47 


Ohio — $20.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

A Widow, Fostoria, $ 20 00 

North Dakota — $8.00. 

Surrey , , 8 00 

Total for the month, $ 28 00 

Previously received, 50 87 

For the year so far, $ 78 87 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey $ 5 00 

Indiana — $4.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Jas. A. Byer and wife, 4 50 

Total for the month, ,$ 9 50 

Previously received, 

For the year so far $ 9 50 1 

Pennsylvania — $3.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone Congre- 
gation, $ 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Previously received 3 00 

For the year so far, $ 6 00 


Illinois — $0.45. 
Northern District. 

Brethren. Mission Fund, Mt. Morris,? 45 

Total for the month, $ 45 

Previously received 19 00 

For the year so far, $ 19 45 


"Why didn't you tell us sooner?" 

The words came soft and low; 
"O you who know the gospel truths, 

Why didn't you let us know? 
The Savior died for all the world, 

He died to save from woe; 
But we never heard the story — 

Why didn't you let us know? 

"You have heard the gospel Message, 

You have known a Savior's love; 
Your dear ones have passed from Christian 

To the blessed land above. 
Why did you let our fathers die 

And into the silence go, 
With no thought of Christ to comfort? 

Why didn't you let us know? 

"We appeal to you, O Christians, 

In lands beyond the sea, 
Why didn't you tell us sooner, 

Christ died for you and me? 
Nineteen hundred years have passed 

Since disciples were told to go 
Unto the uttermost parts and teach — 

Why didn't you let us know? 

"You may say you are Christ's disciples, 

That you try His will to do; 
And yet His very last command 

Is disobeyed by you. 
'Tis indeed a wonderful story, 

He loved the whole world so, 
That He came and died to save us, 

But you didn't let us know. 

"O souls redeemed by Jesus, 

To think what your Lord hath done, 
How He left His home in glory — 

Came and died for everyone. 
He expected you to tell it 

As on your way you go, 
But you've kept the message from us, 

Why didn't you let us know? 

"Hear this pathetic cry of ours, 

O dwellers in Christian lands, 
For Africa stands before you, 

With pleading, outstretched hands; 
You may not be able to come yourself, 

But some in your stead can go, 
Will you not send us teachers — 

Will you not let us know?" 
— Selected by Alice Richer Funderburg. 

Our Force of Foreign Workers 

(Mail addressed to them at the addresses given will reach them safely.) 


Arnold, S. Ira Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Arnold, Elizabeth Anklesvar, B. B. C. L R. R., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Adam Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Ebey, Alice K Karadoho, via Dahanu, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Diet., India 

Eby, E. H. (on furlough), 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, I1L 

Eby, Mrs. Emma H. (on furlough), 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Eby, Anna M Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Heisey, Herman B., 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Heisey, Grace 507 E. Main St., Palmyra, Pa. 

Holsopple, Q. A Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Holsopple, Kathren R Bulsar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Kaylor, John I Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Kaylor, Rosa, .Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Lichty, Daniel J Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Lichty, Nora A., . ..Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar, India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effle V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B Umalla Village, B. B. C. I. R. R., via Anklesvar. India 

Miller, Sadie J Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill. Ohio 

Pittenger, Florenc -. B. (on furlough) Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Powell, Josephine (on furlough) Mt. Vernon, Missouri 

Royer, B. Mary., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Rosa, A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Nickey 

Ross, Mrs A. W. (on furlough) Kearney, Nebr., Care of A. J. Niokey 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Stover, W. B., Mrs Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, India 

Widdowson, Olive, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Ziegler, Kathryn Anklesvar, B. B. C. I. R. R., India 


Blough, Anna M Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi. China 

Bright, J. Homer, .Liao Hsien, Shansi China 

Bright, Minnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, Anna N .Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Cripe, "Winnie Liao Hsien, Shansi, China 

. Horning, Emma \ Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao, Hsien, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Van man, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J . .Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien. Shansi, China 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. Friiagatan No. 2, MalmS, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M Friis*atan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Wine, A. F Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C .Aagarde 26, 3 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

For India, we solicit donations for the following funds: General, Train- 
ing Department, Boarding-school, Orphanage, Native Workers. Native 
Schools, Widows' Home, Industrial, Loan Fund, and Hospital Ftina. 

For China, we solicit donations for the following funds: General Work, 
Native Workers, Orphanage and Hospital. 

Supports of orphans, in India, $20 per year; in China, $22 per year. 

Native workers, in either field, $60 per year. 

Boarding-school scholars, in India, $25 per year. 

We shall be glad to correspond with any one with re- 
spect to the suppert of our workers In each of the fields 


How Much? SIX PER CENT! 



"I WILL INVESTIGATE." So says our clear-headed financier who is 
seeking for a place to invest his money, so that it may bring forth the greatest 
returns for the investment made, at the same time combining promptness 
of dividends, safety of principal and assurance of permanent investment. 

The WISE BUSINESS MAN cares for all these things, for he knows 
that the time will come when it will not be so easy for him to make money, 
and he desires OLD AGE TO BE FULL OF JOYS for himself. 

The WISE CHRISTIAN MAN looks for even more than this in his 
investments. He seeks for a place that will be safe for his funds and at the 
same time a place wherein his money will be doing good for his Lord. 


The following letter, in part, written some time ago to one of our sisters 
who had some funds to invest, will explain some of the advantages of our 
annuity plan (and the sister invested the funds) : 

"Now, Sister , the advantages which are foremost in 

the annuity plan are these: 

"1. Money placed with us bears no taxes. Since you are 45 
years of age we will pay you five per cent on any amount that you 
turn in to us. This five per cent will be clear to you. (If the sis- 
ter had been past 50 years of age we would have allowed her six 
per cent. The General Mission Board so decided at their meet- 
ing of April 9, 1913.) 

"2. The money is placed exactly where you wish it to go, and 
long after you are gone it will still go on bearing interest and do- 
ing good for the Master. You will thus become your own ex- 

"3. There is no worry about the investment. The interest 
comes to you regularly on the first days of January and July of 
each year. We have never been late in sending out our annuities 
. from the office and to our knowledge do not have a dissatisfied 
annuitant. The Board's permanent resources of over $800,000 are 
behind the investment of your money. 

"4. You can figure definitely on the amount of interest money 
you will receive and can depend on the date when it will arrive. 

"After reading the above and carefully considering the mat- 
ter, if you at any time wish to place money with us please write 
and tell us the amount you wish to give (also the exact age should 
be given), and when you can send the amount and we will issue 
you our annuity bonds. We will send them to you and if, after 
careful investigation, you do not like them, return to us and no 
harm is done. If you like them, sign them both, return to us the 
one so marked, along with your check and all will be correctly 

The way to invest your money safely is easy. Just write to us. We 
will do the same for YOU as we have for this sister, if you desire 


Address, GENERAL MISSION BOARD, Elgin, Illinois 




The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for July, 1914 



Worth Mentioning, By R. D. M., 193 

Mary N. Quinter, Glorified (Poem), By John Ellis, 194 

Wholesale Criticism Against Foreign Missions, By Galen B. Royer, . . . 195 

Why Not? By R. C. Flory, 199 

Giving, By Clarence E. Lehmer, 202 

Missions in Europe, By Estella Kimmel, 203 

A Visit at an Old Folks' Home, By T. F. Grayb'ill, 205 

Out in the Villages, By S. Ira Arnold 205 

India Notes for March, By Alice K. Ebey, ' 208 

A Live Testimony to the Bible Memory League, By Ebey Wallick, 210 

A Woman's Meeting, By Rebecca Skeggs Wampler, 210 

Notes from China for March, By Mrs. F. H. Crumpacker, 211 

One Way of Doing It, By Dr. F. J. Wampler, 214 



Greater Than the Conqueror, By Anita B. Ferris, 218 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. and December. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. Address all communications to the 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. -,-»■-««■»-•»■*.■«» n««T.«. T ■»»-,■ ccto,^ 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscrip- 
tions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Ministers, In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinue! at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Enter' d as second-class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XVI 

July, 1914 

Number 7 


R. D. M. 

The greatest need today in our mis- 
sion efforts is not money, although there 
are hospitals and schools to be built 
without funds in sight; neither is it mis- 
sionaries, although urgent calls come 
from not only India and China but also 
from South America and Cuba. What 
we need above all other needs is conse- 
cration. When this need is supplied our 
purse strings will unloose and parents 
will dedicate their children to the serv- 
ice of the Master on the foreign fields. 

Every church should appoint a local 
Missionary Committee of at least three 
members. It is not sufficient to have a 
committee just for the name of having 
one, and complying with the decision of 
the Conference of 1911. This is second- 
ary. To have a committee appointed 
does not indicate that a church is alive 
to missions or even desires to be alive 
along that line. All that it may mean is 
simply the fact that the church has 
passed upon an item of business in or- 
der to get it out of the way, or be able 
to report a Missionary Committee when 
asked for a report. Much more than 
this must be included in this important 
matter. The purpose of appointing a 
committee is to set a few persons apart 
for the special duty of thinking missions, 
and so organize the efforts of the church 
that blessings come to both the foreign 
field and the home church. 

The first duty of the committee is to 
create missionary sentiment and enthu- 
siasm among the members of the church 
by rendering public programs. These 
programs should be rendered at least 

quarterly and consist of recitations, re- 
ports and discussions. Children should 
be asked to recite poems containing mis- 
sionary sentiment. Young people should 
give reports on India and China, using 
the articles and notes from these fields 
as found in the Visitor for material. 
Short articles bearing on the subject of 
missions may be read before the meet- 
ing to a good advantage. An offering 
should be received at each of these meet- 

A second duty is the systematic dis- 
tribution of tracts which may be se- 
cured from the General Mission Board. 
A careless distribution of tracts counts 
for very little. Papers of all kinds are 
scattered broadcast today, so that no at- 
tention is paid to tracts handled in this 
way. But when the committee secures 
good tracts, speaks favorably about them 
in Sunday-school, Christian Workers' 
Meeting or any other public meeting, 
and then places them into the hands of 
the people, much good will result. This 
method of distribution will create a de- 
sire to read tracts. Another duty of 
the committee is the every-member so- 
licitation for systematic weekly giving. 
Giving is an act of worship, and if so no 
one should feel like engaging in this 
worship only once or twice a -year, but 
weekly. According to 1 Cor. 16: 2 this 
plan of weekly offerings is scriptural. 
Blank agreement cards or pledges are 
furnished by the Board for this part of 
the committee's work. Information is 
freely and gladly given relative to this 


The Missionary Visitor 



Bro. E. H. Eby reports a Mission 
Study Class of thirty members in Beth- 
any Bible School. He is teaching this 
class with two purposes in mind. The 
one is to give the members of the class 
a fund of missionary knowledge, which 
he believes from his experience on the 
field and at home every church worker 
should possess. The other purpose in 
view is to give the class an inspiration 
along the missionary line, so that during 
the summer vacation each one will or- 
ganize and teach a class in his home 
church. Along with the missionary 
knowledge, he is giving the class meth- 
ods of starting and teaching classes. If 
some one would do likewise in each of 
our schools, much missionary enthusi- 
asm would be created throughout our 

A very active Mission Study Class 
is being conducted in the Franklin Grove 
church, Illinois. The teacher of this 
class, Sister Emory Wolf, is one of 
those rare women that find time, in the 
midst of their household duties, to not 
only acquaint themselves with the sub- 
ject of missions but to prompt others to 
the study of the subject. The class made 
a very good selection in the first book 
used, " Effective Workers, in Needy 
Fields." This is a splendid book to start 
a class. It contains the biographies of 
five prominent missionaries. The book 
is well written, both interesting and in- 
structive. At present the class is taking 
up the biography of J. Hudson Taylor. 
The attendance at the weekly meetings 
averages about fifteen. What has been 
done in this church can be done in others 
when a leader is found. 

At a joint meeting of the Christian 
Workers of the West Branch, Polo, 
Pine Creek and Mt. Morris churches, it 
was decided to support a student vol- 
unteer in Mt. Morris College while un- 
der training for the foreign field. This 
action is to be commended. It is a good 
plan to assist worthy young people in 

carrying out their noble aspirations. If 
we as a church want our young people 
for the foreign field we ought to support 
them while under training, if they are 
not able to support themselves. 

Many talented young men and women, 
trained for service, are graduated from 
our colleges every year. But having a 
school debt and no one to assume it, they 
go out into active, everyday life in order 
to cancel their school debts. And by the 
time the debt is canceled, they have 
grown into a business of some kind or 
other that is difficult to leave. Thus our 
educated young people are going into 
business on the home field instead of 
going into active service for the Master 
on the foreign field. If other churches 
would follow the plan of educating the 
young for missions, more would be look- 
ing forward to church work. It is en- 
couraging to young people to see tan- 
gible evidence of the church's interest 
in them and their ambitions. 


John Ellis, Aged 92. 

Dedicated to Sisters Belle and Grace, Sisters 
of Mary N. Quinter. 

With Christ's gospel mantle round her. 
At mission's post you always found her; 
In faith and hope her work she'd ply, 
To crystallize and sanctify 

The mission field; and gather in 
The straying ones from ways of sin. 
Then Peter, up ! up ! " Slay and eat," 
Prepare to " feed my lambs and sheep." 

They're in the wilds of vales and wolds. 
They are the "ones of other folds"; 

As precious still as e'er, I ween. 
As when redeemed by Nazarene! 

Mamie toiled; she sacrificed! 

Was strong in faith, in touch with Christ, 

She loved to sow in mission field. 

That some day will rich harvests yield! 

Earth holds her dust, but heaven her soul. 
From depths of Love's o'erflowing bowl! 
As she is risen, may we be found. 
Laurel-wreathed and glorv-crowned! 


The Missionary Visitor 



Galen B. Rover 

WHEN one starts out into the 
world to find fault he can find 
occasion for expressing it (to 
his own mind), even concerning the 
perfect work of God. ' The " freaks of 
nature," the floods and fire that de- 
stroy, the pestilence that brings death 
— all these alike can meet man's dis- 
approval and spoken displeasure when 
they touch his own life or the lives of 
those in whom he is interested. There 
are those who delight to find fault with 
the Word of God, standing off and try- 
ing to pick it to- pieces, and in doing so 
offer to the w r orld nothing better. 
"Would it not be blessed if no one were 
allowed to criticise anything unless he 
positively could present something bet- 
ter to take its place? 

Missions do not escape the attack of 
the critics. It would be a marvel if 
they did, for there is no effort of man 
that comes nearer to the will of God 
than bearing the good news to those 
who have not received it. I have been 
reading a book that devotes every word 
to a most unbrotherly and unfair at- 
tack on " foreign missions." It is writ- 
ten by an able pen — by a man, though, 
who never saw any of the foreign fields 
and work which he has assailed. This 
I have from his own pen. He says he 
formed his judgments from what he 
has read in reports and books favorable 
to missions, yet never has a man mis- 
construed language from the purposes 
for which it was written more than he. 
He starts out with the bold declaration 
that he is " heartily in favor of foreign 
missions," but that he " contends that 
the present system of doing foreign 
mission work is unscriptural, unwise, 
unpatriotic and unnatural." Then he 
shows his " favor " to foreign missions 

by reciting the horrors of the white 
slave traffic in our large cities, a shame 
to our civilization ; our sweatshops and 
their ravages on young life, all too 
true; and this class of ills which are 
here in the United States under the 
protest of every decent citizen, and 
says, " Should we not concentrate our 
aims and our energies and redeem our 
own land first? " 

First, then, let me ask how much 
that statement is " heartily in favor of 
foreign missions." Is it not the very 
argument with which Satan tempted 
the hungry Master when he asked Him 
to take care of Himself first and make 
" these stones " bread? 

But grant the point in question. Are 
these United States being neglected by 
their good people? This critic dotes 
on the $21,000,000 sent annually to save 
the heathen, and what that would do 
at home. He forgets the $500,000,000 
that is spent for education and charity 
in this land, but says that this money 
should be kept at home. Is it brotherly, 
much less is it Christian, to begrudge 
the 400,000,000 of China, the 300,000,- 
000 of India and the remaining 500,- 
000,000 of other nations to which this 
small sum of $21,000,000 is annually 
sent to help them up, and spend it up- 
on the 100,000,000 of the United States, 
on whom is now spent an average of 
$5 per capita for religion and education 
alone? It is difficult to see how a per- 
son holding such views can be in favor 
of foreign missions. I would encour- 
age every effort to make our own land 
better; but America is the child that 
is getting whole slices of the bread of 
heaven, and ofttimes lets the foods 
waste on the plate. Is it right to be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


grudge the " dogs " the crumbs that 
fall from our richly-spread feasts? 

Another point is made : " The mis- 
sionaries live in luxury and ease and 
do not sacrifice as did the first mis- 
sionaries." It does not harm my con- 
tention on this point to admit that, 
here and there, may be found a mis- 
sionary prodigy; i. e., a man or woman 
who is not a missionary at heart, whose 
life, manners, and habits of living and 
dress are a shame to Christianity on 
the mission field and would be likewise 
at home. It is not fair, however, to 
judge the army of faithful, consecrated 
workers by these isolated ones, any 
more than it is right to condemn a city 
of 25,000 as an unhealthy locality be- 
cause there are two cases of typhoid 
in its hospital. 

As for luxury and ease, if to be iso- 
lated from your own race for a year 
at a time, to contend with unfavorable 
climatic conditions, to be compelled to 
drink water that has been boiled first, 
the whole year round, to be annoyed 
and perplexed with a world of prob- 
lems unknown, or if known, unappre- 
ciated, in the homeland, which con- 
front the missionary when he goes into 
the Orient — if this be luxury and ease, 
then indeed the charge is a just one. 
It is easily possible that at first the 
visitor or new missionary may think 
" luxury and ease " when he sees the 
large bungalow and. the " two or three 
servants." But just let the visit be pro- 
longed through the heated term and 
have the experience of almost gasping 
for a cool breath for fourteen hours out 
of twenty-four in the all-day-closed 
bungalow to keep the heat out, too 
faint and weak to bring water, and the 
" luxury and ease " proposition, along 
with the servant question, takes on a 
new view of missionary luxury — in 
fact, luxury disappears as a morning 
vapor, and necessity commands even 
more than most missionaries can af- 
ford. I doubt if there is one missionary 

today on any mission field who would 
remain at his station a fortnight if soul- 
saving purposes were taken out of his 
life work. 

This same writer does not appear 
fair in his comparisons when he puts 
the best hospital or educational outfit 
of the mission field side by side with a 
dingy tenement district of need in one 
of our great cities. But that is his 
method of appeal. How much fairer 
it would be had he placed, beside the 
picture of energetic mission work in 
the mission field, the splendid school- 
buildings and hospitals of our cities, 
to show how much we try to do to help 
the wretched in our own land compared 
with what we do for the wretched 
in other lands! Had he done so it 
would have told a different story. For 
instance, a city like Tien Tsin, China, 
would have been far behind any city 
of similar size in the United States, 
in both educational and charitable in- 

He speaks of the heathen fields being 
able to educate their children, anc 
hence, that it is wrong for missions to 
take up the question of education. His 
observation is incorrect there. Take 
the Dangs district of India, alone. 
There are no internal resources to edu- 
cate its hundreds of thousands oj 
needy, ignorant people. What shall be 
done for them? So far nothing has 
been done save the little that a Mis- 
sionary Board has tried to do. If left 
to themselves they perish in ignorance. 
They are absolutely unable to educate 
themselves. And they are a type ol 
a large portion of the heathen field. 
There is no other avenue than mission- 
ary education open to them; and nat- 
urally enough, too, when the mission- 
ary trains he does it for Christ. 

Of course you will find those vision- 
ary, impractical people who cannot see 
that teaching a native to count a hun- 
dred is laying the foundation for teach- 
ing him to comprehend John 3 : 16 


The Missionary Visitor 


such say it is a waste of effort to teach 
simple mathematics. But they are few ; 
the results of their labors, seen in many 
I independent efforts," find no appro- 
bation of either brother missionaries or 
natives who understand human nature. 

But in some localities it is charged 
that the native schools are as good as 
the mission schools, hence, why take 
time to educate the native when he can 
be taught in his own school? Let me 
ask this same author why he does not 
put his children into Catholic schools 
and have them trained there instead 
of in public or Protestant schools. The 
same reason holds good in both places. 
Every one knows that the school pe- 
riod is the formative one, and he who 
educates the child controls the religious 
life of the man. To educate in a gov- 
ernment school means training in other 
than Christian religion. This is the 
one great purpose in missionary edu- 
cation. It is the one great step towards 
a world evangelization. Train the na- 
tive, capture his heart for God, send 
him out with the supervision of the 
missionary, and the work will be far 
more effectual than before. 

In this connection it is cited that at 
a certain mission school, one of every 
eight is paid to go out and preach the 
Gospel. Good! But how much bet- 
ter if one of every four or two would 
be willing to do this and the funds were 
available to go ! — for then would many 
dark corners, now crying for light, 
receive the light. The charge is true 
that every fit native who will go and 
preach is sent and supported. There is 
no other sane course to pursue, wheth- 
er he be supported by his own natives 
or the church at home. 

But it is argued that teaching, edu- 
cation, hospitals and the like is not 
apostolic. Perhaps it is not, but I am 
wondering, if education and teaching 
is so much out of the way, why Paul 
urged the recognition of teachers sep- 

arate from pastors and evangelists in 
his letter to the Corinthians. 

There is no record of hospitals in the 
New Testament or the early Christian 
church. Yet there is a hint of a blessed 
one when Jesus was on earth; for He 
went about the streets and highways 
and touched the sick folk and they were 
made well — splendid hospital work 
with wonderful results, for they heard 
His words gladly afterwards. There 
are hints of effectual hospital work 
done by Paul in healing at different 
times. Of course there were not build- 
ings, with conveniences set apart for 
hospital work, in the early days of 
Christianity, and there was a reason 
for it. One of the sad things of heath- 
en lands is its lack of sympathy for 
human ills and misfortune. It was so 
in the apostles' time; the old were left 
to die uncared for ; the sick were avoid- 
ed instead of attended. Heathendom 
has no charity for the unfortunate. 
Hospitals, Christian education, all man- 
ner of helpfulness to the miserable and 
ignorant, are the outgrowth of Chris- 
tianity. Even the author, who cries so 
loudly against this charity, himself was 
reared in a land where Christianity 
made free public schools, educated in 
a home where Christ was heard in rev- 
erence, and in sickness was cared for 
by the physician, whether he himself 
were a Christian, was trained under 
the enlightening influences of Ameri- 
can Christian institutions. Why should 
he begrudge and why should his fol- 
lowers deny to others the same bless- 
ings they have prized highly in their 
own lives, and which they have devel- 
oped to the acumen that enables them 
to find fault with missions? 

The heathen countries are not rich 
in material wealth. There may be here 
and there rich men ; but these, like too 
often is the case of the rich men of our 
own country, have learned only the 
lesson of selfishness and sordid greed, 
and have no sympathy with the poor 


The Missionary Visitor 


people of their land. Can the rank and 
file of humanity, in a land where nine- 
tenths or more of the people earn a 
wage of 6 to 15 cents per day, be said 
to be rich? The charge is as unjust 
and untrue to fact as it is possible to 
make a statement. I am sometimes 
asked how a heathen subsists on eight 
cents per day. I do not know. I can- 
not explain it. Neither can any man in 
America explain it, for he has not tried 
it. But the Chinaman can ; the Indian 
can. They know how they must do. 

But the heathen converts are all 
" rice Christians." Let us look again 
at this time-honored objection that has 
been proved false, time and again. 

A critic makes a hurried visit 
through mission fields ; meets the 
teachers and Bible women and helpers 
who are supported and inquires into 
the support question. Missionary con- 
tributions is a thorn in his flesh, and he 
is looking for an excuse to remove the 
thorn by not giving to foreign missions 
any more. So he sees these paid work- 
ers, who multiply the hands of the 
missionary manyfold, and overlooks 
the hundreds who are humble, quiet 
witnesses for Christ, live at their for- 
mer occupations, sleep on the ground as 
before, dress just as they did previous- 
ly, and yet they confess Christ before 
their neighbors. Suppose that ten per 
cent of a community are employed, and 
suppose it were just to call them " rice 
Christians," is it fair to say that the 
remaining nine-tenths are " rice Chris- 
tians " when they have no such sup- 
port? Yet that is the charge made, 
and nothing is more unjust. During the 
Boxer rebellion in China about 185 
American and English missionaries 
and their children were massacred ; but 
we forget the hundreds upon hundreds 
of native Christians, many of whom 
had no dependence for financial support 
from the missions, who sealed their 
faith with their own lifeblood. 

On the other hand, there are condi- 

tions on the mission field that cannot 
be appreciated until seen, which com- 
pel temporary support sometimes to a 
new convert. He is the first convert 
from a family ; he breaks caste and 
thereby loses home, inheritance, fam- 
ily ties. He become an outcast in his 
own land — a homeless one. It- is just 
then that Christianity acts the Good 
Samaritan and cares for him until he 
is able to care for himself. 

No, no ; if the Mohammedans would 
come to this land and spend $21,000,- 
000 annually, tempting people with 
money and free schools, books, free 
hospitals, and what not, to embrace 
their faith, they would not make the 
progress that Christianity is making 
in other lands. Mohammedanism is 
of such a character that it must make 
its followers at the point of the sword. 
Its religion has nothing that answers 
the real longing of an honest soul. Nei- 
ther would Hinduism, spending a like 
sum, make progress as Christianity has 
been doing in heathen lands; for its 
annihilation does not meet the desires 
of the soul that longs to live hereafter 
in a better land. Christianity is the 
only religion that will meet the require- 
ment of a world-wide longing to get 
back to the Infinite, the All and Eter- 
nal Father. It satisfies when nothing 
else will. 

Nothing is easier than to find fault. 
No one's work is perfect.. Fortunately 
or unfortunately, a few in this world 
have been born with the destructive 
bump more than normal, and their en- 
vironment has militated to develop it 
unnaturally. Nothing in the world 
goes right for such persons. The real 
Christ of tenderness and love to the 
fellow who is doing his best, has not 
possessed their souls from that angle. 
Yes, they believe in Christ, but they 
reserve the right to slay all His chil- 
dren that do not come up to their own 
ideals. But their own lives are far 
from reproach. In fact, it is the rule, 


The Missionary Visitor 


to which there is little exception, that 
the man who criticises most effectual- 
ly can do so because he himself has 
failed most signally in these very lines. 
The man who lives closest to God has 
least to say about the foibles of his 
brother; the man who lives farthest 
from God is the most ready to discuss 
the weaknesses of others. The Chris- 
tian, so-called, who does not want to 
support missions is the most ready to 
find fault with foreign missions. Such 
men rarely are enthusiasts in any good 
work ; but, heaping to themselves a 
self-righteous and self-satisfied life in 
what they do, seeking to live in luxury 
and ease as many of them do, they 
stand in boldness and condemn hon- 
est effort in a wholesale fashion, as did 
both Jews and Romans condemn and 
nail to the cross the wonderful love of 
God revealed through His Son. They 
appreciate not the self-sacrificing 
prayer uttered by a thousand devoted 
throats who cry daily unto God, " For- 
give them, for they know not what they 
do." And surely, the author of a book 
which assails missions as the one lying 
on my desk before me does, who says 
over his own signature that he never 
was on a mission field, does not know 
what he is talking about. 

Dear brother and sister, can you af- 
ford to take up with such teaching? 
Can you think any writer would please 
the Lord who would use the language 
he does — " sass back," to give his own 
words, in his reply to an earnest Chris- 
tian man doing the best he can for the 
Lord? If he appeals to Christ and the 
apostles for precedence for education 
and hospitals and the like, and says he 
finds it not, in all kindness I must say, 
Neither do I find in Christ, His ser- 
mons, His teachings, nor in the epistles 
any such language and such a spirit 
as is frequently found in his book. 

It is related that two old people were 
contemplating matrimony. There was 
a little question about the eyesight of 
the lady. It was finally agreed that 
the man should climb to the barn roof 
and she was to stand in the door and 
say if she could see him. When prop- 
erly posed on the ridge of the roof he 
called out, "I am ready; can you see 
me?" The voice in the kitchen door 
said, " I can't see the barn ; but I see 
you." And so it is with the critics of 
missions. The great good that is be- 
ing done is lost sight of entirely be- 
cause of the faults they want to see, 
they seek to see. Such are to be pitied, 
but not to be heeded. 


R. C. Flory 

WHEN we read in the Mission 
Board's report these words, 
" Not nearly as many as the 
Board had been hoping would apply, 
were available for consideration. The 
news of the small number of workers, 
to go forth this fall, will not be as en- 
couraging tidings to our overworked 
foreign forces as we should like to have 
| given them," our heart cried out within 
us, "O God! Why not?" 

Why are there not scores, yea hun- 

dreds who, in the face of the world's 
immediate needs, are crying out, " Here 
Lord am I, send me " ? Why not ? Is 
it because we have not been praying, 
that the Spirit is not moving us to ac- 
tion? Why a lack of faithful stewards 
to bear the eternal Word through doors 
once shut, but now wide open and beg- 
ging us to enter? Their imploring cry 
of despair is wafted to us o'er the ocean 
waves. The trumpet of Jehovah sounds 
forth, " Go ye." And why is it that we 


The Missionary Visitor 


are not going? Is it because we lack 
faith in our God? God forbid! 

When the good name of our govern- 
ment is endangered what happens? Like 
an electric current a wave of patriot